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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802029

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A controlled laboratory study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine bone damage caused by irradiation to spinal vertebrae in rats. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Radiotherapy is widely used in the treatment of malignant spine tumors. However, a few studies have reported vertebral fractures following radiotherapy as an adverse reaction. There are no reports on irradiation-induced changes in bone fragility, mechanical and structural changes focusing on the spine, and the mechanism of irradiation-induced bone osteoporosis. METHODS: Eighty-four female Wistar rats were randomly allocated to the 20 Gy irradiated or the nonirradiated (control) group. The lumbar vertebrae were irradiated with an external focal radiation dose of 20 Gy. Biomechanical, structural, and histological analyses were performed at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24 weeks after irradiation. Structural analysis and bone density measurement of vertebral trabecular bone were performed by µCT. Histopathological evaluation was performed by hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunostaining. RESULTS: The bone strength at 2 weeks after irradiation (311 ±â€Š23 N) was 22% lower than that before irradiation (398 ±â€Š34 N) (P < 0.05). The trabecular spacing increased, and trabecular connectivity and width decreased significantly in the irradiated group compared with those in the non-irradiated group. The three-dimensional structure model became coarse, and the trabecular structure continued to thin and disrupt after irradiation. There was no significant change in the bone mineral density in both groups. CONCLUSION: A decrease in bone strength was observed 2 weeks after irradiation. Bone mineral density remained unaltered, whereas the microstructure of trabecular bone changed, suggesting bone damage by irradiation.Level of Evidence: N/A.

2.
J Clin Med ; 10(21)2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768547

RESUMO

Postoperative neck pain has been reported as an unsolved postoperative complication of surgery for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). The aim of the present study was to elucidate factors having a significant association with postoperative deterioration of neck pain in cervical OPLL patients. We studied a cohort of patients in a prospective registry of 478 patients who had undergone cervical spine surgery for cervical OPLL. We excluded those without evaluation of preoperative neck pain. Therefore, 438 patients were included in the present study. Neck pain was evaluated with the visual analogue scale (VAS, 0-100 mm). Postoperative neck pain deterioration was defined as a ≥20 mm increase of VAS neck pain. Patient factors, neurological status, imaging factors and surgical factors were assessed. Univariate analyses followed by multivariate analysis using stepwise logistic regression was performed. Six months after surgery, 50 (11.6%) patients showed postoperative neck pain deterioration and 76 (17.4%) patients showed postoperative neck pain deterioration 2 years after surgery. Six months after surgery, the rate of neck pain deterioration was significantly higher in patients who had undergone posterior surgery. Two years after surgery, the number of levels fused was significantly correlated with neck pain deterioration.

3.
J Clin Med ; 10(20)2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is known to coexist with the ossification of spinal ligaments (OSLs), details of the radiographic relationship remain unclear. METHODS: We prospectively collected data of 239 patients with symptomatic cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and analyzed the DISH severity on whole-spine computed tomography images, using the following grades: grade 0, no DISH; grade 1, DISH at T3-T10; grade 2, DISH at both T3-T10 and C6-T2 and/or T11-L2; and grade 3, DISH beyond C5 and/or L3. Ossification indices were calculated as the sum of vertebral and intervertebral levels with OSL for each patient. RESULTS: DISH was found in 107 patients (44.8%), 65 (60.7%) of whom had grade 2 DISH. We found significant associations of DISH grade with the indices for cervical OPLL (r = 0.45, p < 0.0001), thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF; r = 0.41, p < 0.0001) and thoracic ossification of the supra/interspinous ligaments (OSIL; r = 0.53, p < 0.0001). DISH grade was also correlated with the index for each OSL in the whole spine (OPLL: r = 0.29, p < 0.0001; OLF: r = 0.40, p < 0.0001; OSIL: r = 0.50, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The DISH grade correlated with the indices of OSL at each high-prevalence level as well as the whole spine.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502779

RESUMO

Many methods such as biomechanics and coaching have been proposed to help people learn a certain movement. There have been proposals for methods to discover characteristics of movement based on information obtained from videos and sensors. Especially in sports, it is expected that these methods can provide hints to improve movement skills. However, conventional methods focus on individual movements, and do not consider cases where external factors influence the movement, such as combat sports. In this paper, we propose a novel method called the Extraction for Successful Movement method (XSM method). Applying the method, this paper focuses on throwing techniques in judo to discover key factors that induce successful throwing from the postures right before initiating the throwing techniques. We define candidate factors by observing the video scenes where the throwing techniques are successfully performed. The method demonstrates the significance of the key factors according to the predominance of factors by χ2 test and residual analysis. Applying the XSM method to the dataset obtained from the videos of the Judo World Championships, we demonstrate the validity of the method with discussing the key factors related to the successful throwing techniques.


Assuntos
Artes Marciais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Movimento , Postura
5.
J Clin Med ; 10(18)2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated how diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) influences clinical characteristics in patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). Although DISH is considered unlikely to promote neurologic dysfunction, this relationship remains unclear. METHODS: Patient data were prospectively collected from 16 Japanese institutions. In total, 239 patients with cervical OPLL were enrolled who had whole-spine computed tomography images available. The primary outcomes were visual analog scale pain scores and the results of other self-reported clinical questionnaires. Correlations were sought between clinical symptoms and DISH using the following grading system: 1, DISH at T3-T10; 2, DISH at both T3-10 and C6-T2 and/or T11-L2; and 3, DISH beyond the C5 and/or L3 levels. RESULTS: DISH was absent in 132 cases, grade 1 in 23, grade 2 in 65, and grade 3 in 19. There were no significant correlations between DISH grade and clinical scores. However, there was a significant difference in the prevalence of neck pain (but not in back pain or low back pain) among the three grades. Interestingly, DISH localized in the thoracic spine (grade 1) may create overload at the cervical spine and lead to neck pain in patients with cervical OPLL. CONCLUSION: This study is the first prospective multicenter cross-sectional comparison of subjective outcomes in patients with cervical OPLL according to the presence or absence of DISH. The severity of DISH was partially associated with the prevalence of neck pain.

6.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(17)2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503240

RESUMO

After the lung, the skeleton is the second most common site of distant metastases in differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). Patients with osteolytic bone metastases (BMs) from thyroid carcinoma often have significantly reduced performance status and quality of life. Recent advancements in cancer therapy have improved overall survival in multiple cancer subtypes, including thyroid cancer. Therefore, long-term local control of thyroid BMs is desired, especially in patients with a single metastasis or oligometastases. Here, we reviewed the current management options for DTC-BMs and especially focused on local treatments for long-term local tumor control from an orthopedic tumor surgeon's point of view. Metastasectomy and stereotactic radiosurgery can be performed either alone or in combination with radioiodine therapy and kinase inhibitors to cure skeletal lesions in selected patients. Percutaneous procedures have been developed in recent years, and they can also have a curative role in small BMs. Recent advancements in local therapies have the potential to provide not only long-term local tumor control but also a better prognosis.

7.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257000, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516553

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the dynamics of the healing process after therapeutic subthreshold micropulse laser (SMPL) for diabetic macular edema (DME) using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). METHODS: Patients with treatment-native or previously-treated DME were prospectively imaged using PS-OCT at baseline, 1, 2, 3, and 6 months. The following outcomes were evaluated: changes in the entropy value per unit area (pixel2) in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) on the B-scan image; changes in the entropy value in each stratified layer (retina, RPE, choroid) based on the ETDRS grid circle overlaid with en face entropy mapping, not only the whole ETDRS grid area but also a sector irradiated by the SMPL; and the relationship between edema reduction and entropy changes. RESULTS: A total of 11 eyes of 11 consecutive DME patients were enrolled. No visible signs of SMPL treatment were detected on PS-OCT images. The entropy value per unit area (pixel2) in the RPE tended to decrease at 3 and 6 months from baseline (35.8 ± 17.0 vs 26.1 ± 9.8, P = 0.14; vs 28.2 ± 18.3, P = 0.14). Based on the en face entropy mapping, the overall entropy value did not change in each layer in the whole ETDRS grid; however, decrease of entropy in the RPE was observed at 2, 3, and 6 months post-treatment within the SMPL-irradiated sectors (P < 0.01, each). There was a positive correlation between the change rate of retinal thickness and that of entropy in the RPE within the SMPL-irradiated sector at 6 months (r2 = 0.19, P = 0.039). CONCLUSION: Entropy measured using PS-OCT may be a new parameter that facilitates objective monitoring of SMPL-induced functional changes in the RPE that could not previously be assessed directly. This may contribute to a more promising therapeutic evaluation of DME. CLINICAL TRIAL: This clinical study was registered in UMIN-CTR (ID: UMIN000042420).


Assuntos
Corioide/diagnóstico por imagem , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico por imagem , Entropia , Fotocoagulação a Laser/métodos , Edema Macular/diagnóstico por imagem , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Corioide/patologia , Corioide/cirurgia , Retinopatia Diabética/patologia , Retinopatia Diabética/cirurgia , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia , Humanos , Edema Macular/patologia , Edema Macular/cirurgia , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Refração Ocular , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/patologia , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/cirurgia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
8.
J Clin Med ; 10(15)2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362158

RESUMO

Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is commonly associated with diabetes mellitus (DM); however, the impact of DM on cervical spine surgery for OPLL remains unclear. This study was performed to evaluate the influence of diabetes DM on the outcomes following cervical spine surgery for OPLL. In total, 478 patients with cervical OPLL who underwent surgical treatment were prospectively recruited from April 2015 to July 2017. Functional measurements were conducted at baseline and at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery using JOA and JOACMEQ scores. The incidence of postoperative complications was categorized into early (≤30 days) and late (>30 days), depending on the time from surgery. From the initial group of 478 patients, 402 completed the 2-year follow-up and were included in the analysis. Of the 402 patients, 127 (32%) had DM as a comorbid disease. The overall incidence of postoperative complications was significantly higher in patients with DM than in patients without DM in both the early and late postoperative periods. The patients with DM had a significantly lower JOA score and JOACMEQ scores in the domains of lower extremity function and quality of life than those without DM at the 2-year follow-up.

9.
Clin Spine Surg ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347632

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective multicenter study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the perioperative complications of posterior surgeries for the treatment of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical treatment for cervical OPLL has a high risk of various complications. Laminoplasty (LAMP) and posterior decompression and instrumented fusion (PDF) are effective for multilevel cervical OPLL; however, few studies have focused on the surgical complications of these 2 procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively included 380 patients undergoing posterior surgeries for cervical OPLL (LAMP: 270 patients, PDF: 110 patients), and investigated the systemic and local complications, including neurological complications. We further evaluated risk factors related to the neurological complications. RESULTS: Motor palsy was found in 40 patients (10.5%), and motor palsy in the upper extremity was most frequent (8.9%), especially in patients who received PDF (14.5%). Motor palsies involving the lower extremities was found in 6 patients (1.6%). Regarding local complications, dural tears (3.9%) and surgical site infections (2.6%) were common. In the univariate analysis, body mass index, preoperative cervical alignment, fusion surgery, and the number of operated segments were the factors related to motor palsy. Multivariate analysis revealed that fusion surgery and a small preoperative C2-C7 angle were the independent factors related to motor palsy. Motor palsy involving the lower extremities tended to be found at early time points after the surgery, and all the patients fully recovered. Motor palsy in the upper extremities occurred in a delayed manner, and 68.8% of patients with PDF showed good recovery, whereas 81.3% of patients with LAMP showed good recovery. CONCLUSIONS: In posterior surgeries for cervical OPLL, segmental motor palsy in the upper extremity was most frequently observed, especially in patients who received PDF. Fusion and a small preoperative C2-C7 angle were the independent risk factors for motor palsy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominal bracing is effective in strengthening the trunk muscles; however, assessing performance can be challenging. We created a device for performing abdominal trunk muscle exercises. The effectiveness of this device has not yet been evaluated or comparedOBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantify muscle activity levels during exercise using our innovative device and to compare them with muscle activation during abdominal bracing maneuvers. METHODS: This study included 10 men who performed abdominal bracing exercises and exercises using our device. We measured surface electromyogram (EMG) activities of the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique, internal oblique (IO), and erector spinae (ES) muscles in each of the exercises. The EMG data were normalized to those recorded during maximal voluntary contraction (%EMGmax). RESULTS: During the bracing exercise, the %EMGmax of IO was significantly higher than that of RA and ES (p< 0.05), whereas during the exercises using the device, the %EMGmax of IO was significantly higher than that of ES (p< 0.05). No significant difference was observed in the %EMGmax of any muscle between bracing exercises and the exercises using the device (p= 0.13-0.95). CONCLUSIONS: The use of our innovative device results in comparable activation to that observed during abdominal bracing.

11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16577, 2021 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400749

RESUMO

Non-vascularized pigment epithelial detachments (PED) are usually associated with dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation between visual function and morphologic parameters. Seventeen eyes of eleven patients with non-vascularized AMD were enrolled. In addition to conventional optical coherence tomography (OCT), polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) measurements were performed by evaluating the regularity of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) entropy within the PED area. Retinal sensitivity was measured with MP-3 microperimetry, and retinal sensitivities within (RSin) and outside (RSout) the PED area were calculated. The relationship between OCT parameters and visual function was analyzed. As a result, there was a significant difference between the RSin and RSout (p < 0.001, Wilcoxon signed rank test). Moreover, RSin was significantly related to logMAR VA (p = 0.033, linear mixed model). The regularity of RPE entropy was significantly related to visual acuity and RSin (p = 0.00038, p = 0.031, linear mixed model), although neither the height nor area of PED correlated with visual function. Our results suggest that retinal sensitivity is significantly deteriorated within the PED area and RPE entropy measured with PS-OCT was closely related to visual function in eyes with non-vascularized PED.


Assuntos
Macula Lutea/fisiopatologia , Descolamento Retiniano/fisiopatologia , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/patologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Testes de Campo Visual/métodos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Atrofia Geográfica/etiologia , Atrofia Geográfica/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Descolamento Retiniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Drusas Retinianas/etiologia , Drusas Retinianas/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acuidade Visual
12.
Oncologist ; 26(11): e2098, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396627
13.
Cureus ; 13(6): e15785, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295593

RESUMO

Full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) can affect the same eyes in the older population. Previously reported phenotypes of AMD concurrent with FTMH include early/intermediate AMD and serous pigment epithelial detachment (PED). A 68-year-old woman presented to our clinic with decreased vision due to a cataract and a large drusenoid PED in both eyes. After ruling out choroidal neovascularization, she underwent cataract surgery. Three days after the cataract surgery, an FTMH was found in the left eye. Although the FTMH was not closed after the initial pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with the inner limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and air tamponade, it was closed after reoperation with additional ILM peeling, retinal massage, and SF6 gas tamponade. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was improved from 20/60 before the first PPV to 20/40 at six months after the reoperation. Some large soft drusen in the macula were fused after surgeries in the operated eye, but not in the fellow eye. An FTMH concurrent with a large drusenoid PED is rare. It can be closed surgically, and postoperative visual function can improve.

14.
Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr ; 16(1): 27-31, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326899

RESUMO

Background: This survey aims to assess the satisfaction of patients who have had treatment using external fixation (EF). Materials and methods: An original questionnaire and a Short Form 36 (SF-36) were distributed to 121 patients who underwent treatment using EF for deformity correction and lengthening between 2006 and 2016. A multivariate analysis was performed on the factors associated with satisfaction. Results: Sixty patients returned a response. The average satisfaction score was 83.6 points. In the 5-point satisfaction survey, 43 of 60 patients (71.7%) responded "very satisfied" or "satisfied" and 27 patients (45.0%) responded "yes" to the question as to whether they would request EF treatment again if presenting with the original preoperative condition. In addition, the subjectively expressed tolerance for having an external fixator device on the limb was 92.1 days on average. A correlation was established with the ISOLS score. Conclusion: The top three factors that determined subjective inconvenience with EF are pain, walking, and heaviness. Although EF treatment was stressful, the satisfaction scores were high. Furthermore, the satisfaction with EF treatment was improved by (1) pain control, (2) shortening the EF period, and (3) psychological support. How to cite this article: Ugaji S, Matsubara H, Kato S, et al. Patient-reported Outcome and Quality of Life after Treatment with External Fixation: A Questionnaire-based Survey. Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr 2021;16(1):27-31.

15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14337, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253758

RESUMO

Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a progressive disease. The bridging of ossified lesions to the vertebral body gradually increases, thereby decreasing the mobility of the cervical spine; thus, cervical spine function may decrease over time. However, cervical spine function in patients with cervical OPLL has not been evaluated in large prospective studies. Therefore, we conducted a prospective multicenter study to clarify whether ossification spread can influence cervical spine function and quality of life (QOL) in patients with cervical OPLL. In total, 238 patients (162 men, 76 women; mean age, 63.9 years) were enrolled from 16 institutions. Each patient underwent whole spine computed tomography and was evaluated for cervical spine function and QOL using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ). In the multivariate regression analysis, a higher neck VAS score and a larger number of bridge formations of OPLL in the whole spine were significant predictors of adverse outcomes related to cervical spine function. This is the first prospective multicenter study to reveal the impact of ossification spread on cervical spine function. These findings are important to understand the natural course of OPLL and can serve as controls when evaluating postoperative cervical spine function.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/fisiopatologia , Ligamentos Longitudinais/fisiopatologia , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Imagem Corporal Total
16.
Oncologist ; 26(10): e1833-e1843, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of surgical metastasectomy (SM) has increased across cancer types in recent decades despite the increasing efficacy of modern systemic treatment modalities. Symptomatic spinal metastases severely compromise patients' performance status. However, as spinal SM is a complex surgery with potentially significant complications, it is not considered the treatment of choice. METHODS: We reviewed the articles on SM in several primary cancers with different types of metastatic lesions and extracted the data from relevant articles to provide a comprehensive review including the surgical techniques, indications, reported outcomes, and future prospects of SM in spinal metastases. RESULTS: Total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) is a method of spinal SM associated with a lower risk of tumor recurrence and complications. Intralesional transpedicular osteotomy using a fine threadwire saw allows prevention of spinal cord and nerve root injuries. Spinal SM is considered suitable for patients with controlled primary disease having no evidence of disseminated extraspinal metastases, a completely resectable solitary lesion in the spine, and adequate cardiopulmonary reserve to tolerate the surgery. Metastatic lesions from kidney and thyroid cancers have been reported as the best candidates for spinal SM. Although data about spinal SM are limited, the reported outcomes are favorable with acceptable local recurrence rates in long-term follow-up. CONCLUSION: In patients with isolated resectable spinal metastases, complete SM including TES is a useful option as it can improve function and survival. However, appropriate patient selection and surgical feasibility remain the most important aspects of management. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Surgical metastasectomy for spinal metastases may be a potentially curative treatment option with a low risk of local recurrence and lead to prolonged long-term survival if appropriate patients are selected and if the surgery is carried out by experienced surgeons in high-volume centers.


Assuntos
Metastasectomia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Coluna Vertebral
17.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11910, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099784

RESUMO

Although favourable surgical outcomes for myelopathy caused by cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) have been reported, factors significantly associated with post-operative neck pain attenuation still remain unclear. The primary aim of the present study was to determine factors significantly associated with post-operative neck pain attenuation in patients with cervical OPLL using a prospective multi-centre registry of surgically treated cervical OPLL. Significant postoperative neck pain reduction (50% reduction of neck pain) was achieved in 31.3% of patients. There was no significant difference in neck pain attenuation between surgical procedures. Statistical analyses with univariate analyses followed by stepwise logistic regression revealed neurological recovery as a factor having a significant positive association with post-operative neck pain attenuation (p = 0.04, odds ratio 5.68 (95% confidence interval: 1.27-22.2)). In conclusion, neurological recovery was an independent factor having a significant positive association with post-operative neck pain attenuation in patients with cervical myelopathy caused by OPLL who underwent cervical spine surgery.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Cervicalgia/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/cirurgia , Idoso , Vértebras Cervicais/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Orthop Sci ; 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL) is characterized by heterotopic bone formation in the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine. Although the patients with OPLL are more common in the 60s and 70s, we know that there are markedly young patients (e.g., early 40s). However, to the best of our knowledge, there is few reports characterize young patients with cervical OPLL in terms of the imaging features, subjective symptoms, and ADL problems. METHODS: This is the multicenter cross-sectional study. Two hundred and thirty-seven Japanese symptomatic patients with cervical OPLL confirmed by standard X-rays collected from 16 institutions belonging to the Japanese Multicenter Research Organization for Ossification of the Spinal Ligament formed by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare were recruited. Whole spine CT data as well as demographic data such as age, gender, patients-based evaluations, and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) were evaluated. RESULTS: Young group (≦ 45 years old) consisted of 23 patients (8 females and 15 males), accounting for 9.7% of the total. Their characteristics were high body mass index (BMI), significant involvement of trauma in the onset and deterioration of symptoms, and the predominance of thoracic OPLL. The patient-based evaluations did not show a significant difference between the young and non-young groups, or between the genders in the young group except for bodily pain (BP) of SF-36. Female patients in young group had significantly lower BP score of SF-36 than that of male in young group. CONCLUSIONS: Characteristics of young patients with cervical OPLL were high BMI, significant involvement of trauma in the onset and deterioration of symptoms, lower BP score of SF-36 in female, and the predominance of thoracic OPLL.

19.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 10(2): 30, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34003915

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the three-dimensional distribution and associating demographic factors of depolarization, using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT), to evaluate melanin pigmentation in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroid in healthy eyes. Methods: In total, 39 unaffected healthy eyes of 39 subjects were examined using a PS-OCT clinical prototype. The degree of depolarization, expressed as the polarimetric entropy, was assessed in the RPE, the superficial and the total choroid layer, especially in the center, the inner, or the outer areas centered at the fovea. The values and their association with the demographic data were analyzed. Near-infrared fundus autofluorescence (NIRAF) was also used, in the same manner, for the comparison. Twenty-eight of 39 eyes were measured twice to evaluate intrasession repeatability. Results: Both the polarimetric entropy in the RPE and the gray level in NIRAF, decreased from the center to the periphery (P < 0.001). The polarimetric entropy in the RPE was significantly associated with age in each area (P ≤ 0.001). In the RPE and the superficial choroid, the polarimetric entropy was negatively associated with axial length in each area (P ≤ 0.002). The intraclass correlation coefficient of the polarimetric entropy in the same session was excellent in each area of the RPE, superficial choroid, or total choroid layer (0.94-0.98). Conclusions: The distribution of fundus melanin pigment-related depolarization was evaluated using PS-OCT. The depolarization was associated with the subjects' demographic data, such as age or axial length. Translational Relevance: The presented information in healthy eyes provides an essential basis for the investigation into a variety of chorioretinal pathologies.


Assuntos
Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Corioide/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiofluoresceinografia , Fundo de Olho , Humanos
20.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33958321

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate retinal sensitivity of highly myopic eyes without choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) or patchy chorioretinal atrophy (PCA) and investigated its association with anatomical characteristics including melanin distribution at the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), which was evaluated with polarisation-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive observational cohort study. METHODS: We included highly myopic eyes (refractive error ≤-8.0 dioptres or axial length of ≥26.5 mm) from patients at the University of Tokyo Hospital. Retinal sensitivity was measured by microperimetry at 25 sectors within 6 degrees from the fovea. Depolarisation value, which reflected melanin pigmentation, was measured by a clinical prototype of PS-OCT and was parameterised as polarimetric entropy. Retinal sensitivity or entropy at the RPE in high myopia was compared with emmetropic control subjects. The association of retinal sensitivity with age, axial length, entropy, or choroidal thickness was assessed in per-eye and per-sector analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-three highly myopic eyes (age, 66.6±12.3 years) were included. The average retinal sensitivity was 25.3±3.0 dB, which was significantly decreased compared with the control (p<0.0001). The average entropy at the RPE in the highly myopic eyes was significantly lower than in the control (p<0.0001). Univariate analysis followed by multivariate analysis showed that besides age, axial length or choroidal thickness, RPE entropy was independently associated with retinal sensitivity (ß=4.4; 95% CI 0.5 to 8.3; p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Decreased depolarisation at the RPE measured with PS-OCT, which reflected altered melanin pigmentation, was independently associated with reduced retinal sensitivity in patients with early stages of myopic maculopathy without CNV or PCA.

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