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1.
Nat Med ; 29(1): 127-134, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36646802

RESUMO

Despite standard-of-care treatment, more than 30% of patients with resectable colorectal cancer (CRC) relapse. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis may enable postsurgical risk stratification and adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) treatment decision-making. We report results from GALAXY, which is an observational arm of the ongoing CIRCULATE-Japan study (UMIN000039205) that analyzed presurgical and postsurgical ctDNA in patients with stage II-IV resectable CRC (n = 1,039). In this cohort, with a median follow-up of 16.74 months (range 0.49-24.83 months), postsurgical ctDNA positivity (at 4 weeks after surgery) was associated with higher recurrence risk (hazard ratio (HR) 10.0, P < 0.0001) and was the most significant prognostic factor associated with recurrence risk in patients with stage II or III CRC (HR 10.82, P < 0.001). Furthermore, postsurgical ctDNA positivity identified patients with stage II or III CRC who derived benefit from ACT (HR 6.59, P < 0.0001). The results of our study, a large and comprehensive prospective analysis of ctDNA in resectable CRC, support the use of ctDNA testing to identify patients who are at increased risk of recurrence and are likely to benefit from ACT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Japão , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasia Residual/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Circ J ; 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A recent randomized trial demonstrated that catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (EF) is associated with a reduction in death or heart failure. However, the effect of catheter ablation for AF in patients with heart failure with mid-range or preserved EF is unclear.Methods and Results: We screened 899 AF patients (72.4% male, mean age 68.4 years) with heart failure and left ventricular EF ≥40% from 2 Japanese multicenter AF registries: the Atrial Fibrillation registry to Follow the long-teRm Outcomes and use of aNTIcoagulants aftER Ablation (AF Frontier Ablation Registry) as the ablation group (525 patients who underwent ablation) and the Hokuriku-Plus AF Registry as the medical therapy group (374 patients who did not undergo ablation). Propensity score matching was performed in these 2 registries to yield 106 matched patient pairs. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death and hospitalization for heart failure. At 24.6 months, the ablation group had a significantly lower incidence of the primary endpoint (hazard ratio 0.32; 95% confidence interval 0.13-0.70; P=0.004) than the medical therapy group. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with medical therapy, catheter ablation for AF in patients with heart failure and mid-range or preserved EF was associated with a significantly lower incidence of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure.

3.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36524458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPYD) genotype is closely associated with fluoropyrimidine (FP)-induced toxicities in Caucasian population and European Medicines Agency now recommends DPYD genotype-based FP dosing strategy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The current study aimed to investigate their impact on FP-related toxicities in an Asian population using genome-wide association study (GWAS) data set from 1364 patients with colon cancer. RESULTS: Among 82 variants registered in the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium, 74 DPYD variants were directly genotyped in GWAS cohort; however, only 7 nonsynonymous DPYD variants (CPIC variants) were identified and none of the four recurrent DPYD variants (DPYD*2A, c.2846A>T, c.1679T>G, c.1236G>A) were included. Seven CPIC variants were investigated for their association with the incidence of FP-related toxicities; however, none of these variants revealed a significant correlation with FP-related toxicities. CONCLUSION: These data suggested that the DPYD genotype registered in CPIC plays a minor role in FP-related toxicities in an Asian population.

4.
Future Oncol ; 2022 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36475784

RESUMO

The BRAF V600E mutation accounts for approximately 5% of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases and is an extremely poor prognostic factor. However, there are no clear recommendations regarding first-line therapy for patients with early recurrent BRAF V600E-mutated CRC, during or after adjuvant chemotherapy. Recently, a novel combination of encorafenib, binimetinib and cetuximab, showed a higher response rate than standard chemotherapy in patients with BRAF V600E-mutated CRC. Here we describe our plan for the TRESBIEN study (OGSG 2101), which is an open-label, multicenter, single-arm, phase II study designed to evaluate whether encorafenib, binimetinib and cetuximab are effective for patients with early recurrent BRAF V600E-mutated colorectal cancer, during or after adjuvant chemotherapy. The planned number of subjects is 25.


An ongoing study to evaluate encorafenib, binimetinib and cetuximab for people with early recurrent BRAF V600E-mutated colorectal cancer. BRAF V600E-mutated colorectal cancer (CRC) is a type of cancer caused by change (mutation) in a gene called BRAF. It is one of the most difficult types of CRC to treat because currently available drugs do not effectively treat the disease. Recently, two novel treatments, encorafenib and cetuximab, have been approved for use together in several countries for the treatment of advanced or metastatic BRAF V600E-mutated CRC. In Japan, these drugs are also approved to be given with another treatment called binimetinib, an approach called triplet therapy. This article describes the ongoing TRESBIEN study that is looking at how effective and how safe triplet therapy is for the treatment of people with early recurrent BRAF V600E-mutated CRC, during or after they have additional (adjuvant) chemotherapy. This study is ongoing, and the researchers are currently recruiting new participants. TRESBIEN will evaluate the percentage of participants whose tumors shrink with triplet therapy. The study will also look at any side effects. Clinical Trial Registration: jRCTs051210152 (ClinicalTrials.gov) (Japan Registry of Clinical Trials https://jrct.niph.go.jp/search?language=en&page=1).

5.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; : 2153024, 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36484524

RESUMO

Taxanes are important chemotherapeutic agents used to manage breast cancer and gynaecological malignancies. However, ovarian toxicity induced by the taxane docetaxel (DOC) is of great concern. We investigated DOC-induced toxicity in the ovaries of female CD1 strain mice. The mice were divided into control (saline), DOC-5 (5 mg/kg DOC), and DOC-10 (10 mg/kg DOC) groups and administered saline or DOC on the first day of the study and two weeks later. Two weeks after the second dose, the ovaries were removed for analysis after inducing superovulation. Ovary weight, the number of secondary follicles, and the total number of follicles were reduced after DOC administration. Additionally, the expression levels of caspase-3 and the pro-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 interacting mediator of cell death (BIM) increased. Our findings suggest that high-dose DOC induces damage to growing follicles; however, it may not affect primordial follicles.Impact statementWhat is already known on this subject? Docetaxel (DOC) is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents used to manage various cancers. Some in-vitro studies have examined paclitaxel-induced ovarian toxicity; however, limited research on DOC is available.What do the results of this study add? We investigated DOC-induced ovarian toxicity in female CD1 strain mice at 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg. We found that DOC reduced ovary weight, the number of secondary follicles, and the total number of follicles, with the higher dose having a higher effect.What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? We believe that our study makes a significant contribution to the knowledge about the effect of DOC on ovarian function.

7.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 6708, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36344506

RESUMO

Future spintronics and quantum technologies will require a portfolio of techniques for manipulating electron spins in functional nanodevices. Especially, the establishment of the methods to control spin current is the key ingredient essential for the transfer and processing of information, enabling faster and low-energy operation. However, a universal method for manipulating spin currents with full-directional controllability and tunable magnitude has not been established. Here we show that an artificial material called a magnetic metamaterial (MM), which possesses a novel spintronic functionality not exhibited by the original substance, generates photo-driven ultrafast spin currents at room temperature via the magneto-photogalvanic effect. By tuning the polarization state of the excitation light, these spin currents can be directed with tunable magnitude along an arbitrary direction in the two-dimensional plane of the MM. This new concept may guide the design and creation of artificially engineered opto-spintronic functionalities beyond the limitations of conventional material science.

8.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triplet and doublet regimens of encorafenib plus cetuximab with and without binimetinib, respectively, were approved in Japan for unresectable, metastatic, BRAF V600E-mutated colorectal cancer (mCRC) that had progressed after 1-2 prior chemotherapies. This early post-marketing phase vigilance (EPPV) study collected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) from Japanese patients to ensure safety measures as appropriate. METHODS: Patients with BRAF V600E mCRC who received the triplet or doublet regimens in Japan were selected for this study. ADRs were collected as spontaneous reports between November 27, 2020 and May 26, 2021. Serious ADRs were evaluated according to guidelines of the International Council for Harmonisation and the EudraVigilance list of Important Medical Event Terms. RESULTS: An estimated 550 Japanese patients with mCRC received the triplet or doublet regimens during the 6-month EPPV period. Overall, 101 and 42 patients reported ADRs and serious ADRs, respectively. No ADRs leading to death were reported. The most frequently reported ADRs were nausea (17 patients), serous retinal detachment (16), decreased appetite (12), diarrhea (11), and vomiting (11). Among the important identified/potential risks that are defined in the risk management plans for encorafenib and binimetinib, eye disorder-related ADRs were observed in 32 patients, rhabdomyolysis-related ADRs in 12, hemorrhage-related ADRs in 7, and hepatic dysfunction-related ADRs in 7. Of 22 patients with serious eye disorders, 20 recovered or were recovering during the EPPV period. CONCLUSION: The safety profile in this EPPV study was similar to that from the phase III BEACON CRC study and no new safety concerns were identified.

9.
Heart Vessels ; 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36251049

RESUMO

Evidence suggests that atrial fibrillation (AF) could increase the risk of worsening kidney function (WKF) which is linked to an increased risk of stroke, bleeding, and death in AF patients. However, limited data exist regarding the factors that could lead to WKF in these patients. Therefore, we sought to identify the potential factors associated with the development of WKF in patients with non-valvular AF (NVAF). We analyzed prospectively recruited 1122 NVAF patients [men 71.9%, median age 73.0 years (interquartile range: 66.0-79.0)] with a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 15 mL/min/1.73 m2 from the Hokuriku-Plus AF Registry. The primary outcome was incident WKF, defined as the %eGFR change from the baseline ≥ 30% during the follow-up period. We evaluated the association between baseline variables and incident WKF using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models. We also evaluated the non-linear association between the identified factors and incident WKF. During a median follow-up period of 3.0 years (interquartile range: 2.7-3.3), incident WKF was observed in 108 patients (32.6 per 1000 person-years). Compared to the patients without incident WKF, the patients with incident WKF were older and had a higher prevalence of heart failure (HF), diabetes mellitus (DM), and vascular disease at baseline. Those who experienced incident WKF also had higher diastolic blood pressure, lower hemoglobin, lower eGFR, higher B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and used warfarin more frequently. Upon multivariate analysis, age ≥ 75 years, HF, DM, and anemia were independently associated with incident WKF. Additionally, age and hemoglobin were linearly associated with the risk of incident WKF, whereas a J- or U-shaped association was observed for HbA1c and BNP. Age ≥ 75 years, HF, DM, and anemia were associated with the development of WKF in Japanese patients with NVAF. In patients with these risk factors, a careful monitoring of the kidney function and appropriate interventions may be important when possible.

10.
Anticancer Res ; 42(11): 5655-5662, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36288872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of preoperative chemotherapy for stage II-III esophageal squamous cell carcinoma based on an objective computed tomography method. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 82 patients who underwent preoperative chemotherapy followed by surgery for advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma from January 2006 to June 2019 were included. Treatment effect was evaluated by measuring the esophageal wall thickness before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy using contrast-enhanced thoracoabdominal computed tomography. The percentage decrease in esophageal wall thickness was calculated using the following formula: reduction (%)=(wall thickness before preoperative chemotherapy - wall thickness after preoperative chemotherapy)/(wall thickness before preoperative chemotherapy)×100. We demonstrated the efficacy of this measurement method and then analyzed which patient factors might affect the treatment effect. RESULTS: Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed the percentage tumor reduction to be a good predictor of histological therapeutic effect (grade ≥2) (area under the curve=0.727). In the multivariate analysis, tumor location (lower versus upper esophagus) was identified as an independent factor associated with tumor reduction (odds ratio=0.15; 95% confidence interval=0.03-0.79; p=0.025). CONCLUSION: We demonstrated an association between the reduction of esophageal wall thickness in the tumoral area and the histological therapeutic effect of chemotherapy. Secondary analysis showed poorer tumor reduction in patients with lower esophageal cancer than in those with upper esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
11.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0275113, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137112

RESUMO

Islamic and capitalist economies have several differences, the most fundamental being that the Islamic economy is characterized by the prohibition of interest (riba) and speculation (gharar) and the enforcement of Shariah-compliant profit-loss sharing (mudaraba, murabaha, salam, etc.) and wealth redistribution (waqf, sadaqah, and zakat). In this study, I apply new econophysics models of wealth exchange and redistribution to quantitatively compare these characteristics to those of capitalism and evaluate wealth distribution and disparity using a simulation. Specifically, regarding exchange, I propose a loan interest model representing finance capitalism and riba and a joint venture model representing shareholder capitalism and mudaraba of an Islamic profit-loss sharing system; regarding redistribution, I create a transfer model representing inheritance tax and waqf of an Islamic wealth redistribution system. As exchanges are repeated from an initial uniform distribution of wealth, wealth distribution approaches a power-law distribution more quickly for the loan interest than the joint venture model; and the Gini index, representing disparity, rapidly increases. The joint venture model's Gini index increases more slowly, but eventually, the wealth distribution in both models becomes a delta distribution, and the Gini index gradually approaches 1. Next, when both models are combined with the transfer model to redistribute wealth in every given period, the loan interest model has a larger Gini index than the joint venture model, but both converge to a Gini index of less than 1. These results quantitatively reveal that in the Islamic economy, disparity is restrained by prohibiting riba and promoting reciprocal exchange in mudaraba and redistribution through waqf. Comparing Islamic and capitalist economies provides insights into the benefits of economically embracing the ethical practice of mutual aid and suggests guidelines for an alternative to capitalism.


Assuntos
Capitalismo , Islamismo , Princípios Morais
12.
J Surg Case Rep ; 2022(8): rjac370, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35991841

RESUMO

Inflammatory granulomas often develop in surgical scars due to the presence of foreign bodies, such as sutures. These granulomas are called Schloffer's tumors. Here, we report a case of heterotopic ossification(HO) in an appendectomy scar that formed an inflammatory granuloma following HO infection. A 90-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a chief complaint of a painful mass in the right lower quadrant of her abdomen. She had a history of acute appendicitis, for which she underwent an appendectomy approximately 70 years previously. Imaging studies demonstrated a tumor containing a linear-shaped agent located in the abdominal wall under the surgical scar where the appendectomy was performed. She was then diagnosed with Schloffer's tumor, for which she underwent surgical resection. However, histopathological examination revealed that the tumor was a fibrous connective tissue mass with a lamellar bone inside.

13.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 20(8): 1088-1100, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35971579

RESUMO

HINTERGRUND UND ZIELE: Bei kutanen Plattenepithelkarzinomen (PEK) ist die Einhaltung der in Leitlinien empfohlenen festen Resektionsränder oft schwierig und knappere Ränder sind wünschenswert. Ziel dieser Studie war die Bewertung des Auftretens von Rezidiven und krankheitsspezifischen Todesfällen bei knapperen Resektionsrändern für PEK mit hohem oder sehr hohem Risiko. PATIENTEN/METHODEN: PEK-Patienten mit hohem oder sehr hohem Risiko, bei denen eine Tumorexzision durchgeführt wurde, wurden retrospektiv untersucht. Die Patienten wurden in eine Gruppe mit Standardrand gemäß Leitlinienempfehlung (standard margin group, SMG) und eine Gruppe mit knapperen Rändern (narrower-margin group, NMG) eingeteilt. Gemeinsame primäre Endpunkte waren lokales Rezidiv, PEK-Rezidiv und PEK-bedingter Tod. Die Wahrscheinlichkeit eines PEK-bedingten Tods und konkurrierender Mortalitätsrisiken wurde mittels kumulativer Inzidenzfunktion (CIF) beschrieben. Unterschiede bei der CIF zwischen den Gruppen wurden mit dem Test nach Gray verglichen. ERGEBNISSE: Insgesamt wurden 1.000 Patienten mit PEK (hohes Risiko, 570; sehr hohes Risiko, 430) eingeschlossen. In der Kohorte mit hohem Risiko gab es keine signifikanten Unterschiede bei der unvollständigen Exzisionsrate (IER) zwischen SMG und NMG (2,6 % vs. 3,0 %, P > 0,99). In der Kohorte mit sehr hohem Risiko war die IER in der SMG jedoch signifikant geringer als in der NMG (8.9 % vs. 16.2 %, P = 0,03). Keine signifikanten Unterschiede zwischen SMG und NMG wurden für Lokalrezidiv (hohes Risiko, P = 0.56; sehr hohes Risiko, P = 0,70), PEK-Rezidiv (hohes Risiko, P = 0,30; sehr hohes Risiko, P = 0,47) und PEK-bedingtem Tod (hohes Risiko, P = 0,23; sehr hohes Risiko, P = 0,83) beobachtet. SCHLUSSFOLGERUNGEN: Die Größe des Resektionsrands hat einen begrenzten Einfluss auf Randkontrolle, Rezidive und krankheitsspezifischen Tod bei PEK mit hohem Risiko.

14.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 20(8): 1088-1099, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), adherence to guideline-recommended fixed surgical margins is often difficult, and narrower margins are preferable. This study aimed to evaluate relapse and disease-specific death with narrower margins for high or very high-risk cSCC. PATIENTS/METHODS: We retrospectively investigated high or very high-risk cSCC patients who underwent tumor excision. Patients were divided into guideline-recommended standard margin group (SMG) and narrower-margin group (NMG). Co-primary outcomes were local relapse, SCC relapse, and SCC death. Cumulative incidence function (CIF) was used to describe SCC death probability and competing risk mortality. Gray's test was used to compare differences in CIF between the groups. RESULTS: In total, 1,000 patients with cSCC (high-risk, 570; very high-risk, 430) were included. In the high-risk cohort, there were no significant differences in incomplete excision rate (IER) between SMG and NMG (2.6 % vs. 3.0 %, P > 0.99). However, in the very high-risk cohort, IER in SMG was significantly lower than in NMG (8.9 % vs. 16.2 %, P = 0.03). No significant differences were observed between SMG and NMG for local relapse (high-risk, P = 0.56; very high-risk, P = 0.70), SCC relapse (high-risk, P = 0.30; very high-risk, P = 0.47), and SCC death (high-risk, P = 0.23; very high-risk, P = 0.83). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical margin size has limited impact on margin control, relapse, and disease-specific death in high-risk cSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Humanos , Margens de Excisão , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia
15.
Oncologist ; 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously reported the response rate of a phase II OGSG1602 study on panitumumab in chemotherapy-naive frail or elderly patients with RAS wild-type unresectable colorectal cancer (CRC) [Terazawa T, Kato T, Goto M, et al. Oncologist. 2021;26(1):17]. Herein, we report a survival analysis. METHODS: Patients aged ≥65 years and considered unsuitable for intensive chemotherapy or aged ≥76 years were enrolled. Primary tumors located from the cecum to the transverse colon were considered right-sided tumors (RSTs); those located from the splenic flexure to the rectum were considered left-sided tumors (LSTs). RESULTS: Among the 36 enrolled patients, 34 were included in the efficacy analysis, with 26 and 8 having LSTs and RSTs, respectively. The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 6.0 [95% CI, 5.4-10.0] and 17.5 months (95% CI, 13.8-24.3), respectively. Although no significant differences existed in PFS between patients with LST and RST {6.6 (95% CI, 5.4-11.5) vs. 4.9 months [95% CI, 1.9-not available (NA), P = .120]}, there were significant differences in OS [19.3 (95% CI, 14.2-NA) vs.12.3 months (95% CI, 9.9-NA), P = .043]. CONCLUSION: Panitumumab showed favorable OS in frail or elderly patients with RAS wild-type CRC and no prior exposure to chemotherapy. Panitumumab may be optimal for patients with LSTs (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry Number UMIN000024528).

16.
Circ Rep ; 4(7): 298-307, 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35860347

RESUMO

Background: Few studies in Japan have reported on follow-up data regarding the clinical course and risk factors for adverse outcomes in elderly patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), vs. younger patients, when considering the competing risk of death. Methods and Results: We prospectively studied 1,328 patients with NVAF (965 men; mean [±SD] age 72.4±9.7 years) from the Hokuriku-Plus AF Registry with a median follow-up of 5.0 years (interquartile range 3.5-5.3 years) and evaluated the incidence of thromboembolism or major bleeding in elderly (age ≥75 years; n=595) and non-elderly (age <75 years; n=733) patients. Analysis using the Gray method showed no significant difference in the incidence of thromboembolism; however, the incidence of major bleeding was significantly higher in the elderly than non-elderly group. The Fine-Gray model, after adjustment for age and sex in the elderly group, showed that age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.13; P=0.004) and warfarin use (HR 1.87; 95% CI 1.12-3.14; P=0.02) were significantly associated with major bleeding. In the elderly group, those using warfarin had a higher incidence of thromboembolism and major bleeding than those using direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). Conclusions: The efficacy and safety of DOACs were remarkable in elderly compared with non-elderly patients with NVAF considering the competing risk of death. DOACs may be a favorable choice in elderly patients with NVAF.

17.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 811, 2022 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35870893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large type 3 and type 4 gastric cancers have extremely poor prognoses. To address this, neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be a promising approach. The phase III JCOG0501 study, conducted to confirm the superiority of neoadjuvant S-1 plus cisplatin followed by D2 gastrectomy over upfront surgery, showed no survival benefit for neoadjuvant S-1 plus cisplatin. In Korea, the PRODIGY study, which was a phase III study of neoadjuvant docetaxel plus oxaliplatin plus S-1 (DOS) followed by surgery and adjuvant S-1 versus surgery and adjuvant S-1 for gastric cancer of T2-3N+ or T4Nany, showed that progression-free survival (PFS) was significantly superior in the neoadjuvant DOS arm. Therefore, DOS therapy may be a promising candidate for preoperative chemotherapy for large type 3 or type 4 gastric cancer. METHODS: Preoperative docetaxel 40 mg/m2 and oxaliplatin 100 mg/m2 will be intravenously administered on day1 every three weeks. S-1 will be orally administered 80 mg/m2 on days 1-14 of a 21-day cycle. Patients will receive three courses of treatment and gastrectomy with ≥D2 lymph node dissection. Postoperative S-1 plus docetaxel therapy (DS) will be administered according to the JACCRO GC-07 (START-2) study. The primary endpoint is the 3-year PFS rate. Secondary endpoints include PFS time, overall survival time, pathological response rate, response rate according to RECIST version1.1, proportion of completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, R0 resection rate, proportion of completion of surgery, proportion of completion of protocol treatment, proportion of negative conversion of CY, adverse event occurrence rate, and nutritional evaluation. The null hypothesis for the 3-year PFS rate is 45% and the expected value is 60%. The total sample size is 46 considering that the registration period and follow-up period are two and three years, respectively. DISCUSSION: This is a prospective, multicenter, single-arm, open-label, phase II trial assessing the efficacy and safety of preoperative DOS and postoperative DS for large type 3 or type 4 gastric cancer. The results will inform future phase III trials and are expected to lead to new treatment strategies for large type 3 or type 4 gastric cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered with Japan Registry of Clinical Trials on October 11, 2019 ( jRCTs051190060 ).


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Cisplatino , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Docetaxel , Combinação de Medicamentos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Ácido Oxônico , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Tegafur
18.
Heart Vessels ; 2022 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35852611

RESUMO

Ablation index (AI)-guided ablation is useful for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) ablation. However, the impact of radiofrequency (RF) application power on CTI ablation with a fixed target AI remains unclear. One-hundred-thirty drug-refractory atrial fibrillation and/or atrial flutter patients who underwent AI-guided CTI ablation with or without PVI between July 2020 and August 2021 were randomly assigned to high-power (45 W) and moderate-power (35 W) groups. We performed CTI ablation with the same target AI value in both groups: 500 for the anterior 1/3 segments and 450 for the posterior 2/3 segments. In total, first-pass conduction block of the CTI was obtained in 111 patients (85.4%), with 7 patients (5.4%) showing CTI reconnection. The rate of first-pass conduction block was significantly higher in the 45 W group (61/65, 93.8%) than in the 35 W group (50/65, 76.9%, P = 0.01). CTI ablation and CTI fluoroscopy time were significantly shorter in the 45 W group than in the 35 W group (CTI ablation time: 192.3 ± 84.8 vs. 319.8 ± 171.4 s, P < 0.0001; CTI fluoroscopy time: 125.2 ± 122.4 vs. 171.2 ± 124.0 s, P = 0.039). Although there was no significant difference, steam pops were identified in two patients from the 45 W group at the anterior segment of the CTI. The 45 W ablation strategy was faster and provided a higher probability of first-pass conduction block than the 35 W ablation strategy for CTI ablation with a fixed AI target.

19.
Surg Today ; 52(11): 1599-1606, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661260

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess pain management in patients post-sacrectomy, focusing on opioid use, and to identify the factors associated with postoperative pain. METHODS: Patients who underwent resection of locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC) with concomitant sacrectomy at one of two hospitals between 2007 and 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. We examined the use of opioids preoperatively and postoperatively. Patients were classified into high and low sacrectomy groups based on the sacral bone resection level passing through the S3 vertebra. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients were enrolled. Opioid use was significantly higher in the high sacrectomy group than in the low sacrectomy group at all times assessed: on postoperative days 7, 14, 30, 90, 180, and 365. Opioid use 3 months after locally recurrent rectal cancer surgery was significantly higher in patients with local re-recurrence of the tumor than in those without re-recurrence (p < 0.05), and the median morphine-equivalent opioid use 3 months postoperatively was significantly higher in the high sacrectomy group (30 vs. 0 mg/day; p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Opioid use after concomitant sacrectomy for LRRC was higher in the high sacrectomy group. Prolonged postoperative pain or increasing pain was associated with local recurrence.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Derivados da Morfina
20.
Int J Cancer ; 151(12): 2172-2181, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35723084

RESUMO

This multicenter single-arm, phase II study evaluated the efficacy and safety of uninterrupted panitumumab usage combined with cytotoxic doublets for unresectable/metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Additionally, clinical value of the RAS/BRAF mutation status in circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA) was evaluated; this evaluation was measured independently of the protocol treatment. Eligible patients with RAS wild-type mCRC who had received the first-line panitumumab plus FOLFOX treatment were recruited and administered continuous panitumumab combined with FOLFIRI. Progression-free survival (PFS) at 6 months was the primary endpoint, with threshold and expected values of 35% and 50%, respectively. In total, 54 patients were enrolled between October 2017 and October 2019. The crude 6-month PFS rate was 37.0%, with a 4.8-month median PFS. The response rate and disease control rate were 16.7% and 50.0%, respectively. Notably, of the 54 participants, 17 showed RAS/BRAF mutations until the end of the protocol treatment and of the 22 patients with progressive disease as their best response, 10 possessed RAS/BRAF mutations in their plasma ccfDNA at baseline. The median PFS significantly differed among patients harboring tumors with BRAF and RAS mutations and those with wild-type tumors. In conclusion, our study failed to show the expected efficacy of the continuous panitumumab use in the second-line treatment. Liquid biopsy discriminated the duration of PFS according to the mutation status. The effectiveness of continuous treatment with panitumumab should be evaluated in patients with RAS/BRAF wild-type mCRC determined by liquid biopsy at the start of the second-line treatment.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Panitumumabe/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Leucovorina/efeitos adversos , Camptotecina/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Mutação , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico
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