Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 26
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Phys Chem A ; 124(19): 3865-3875, 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285672

RESUMO

A broad series of quinoxalinone-based π-conjugated donor-acceptor fluoro- and NLO-phores is characterized by means of Raman spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray analysis supported by quantum chemical computations. Intense Raman spectroscopic markers that allow the differentiation of even closely related structures are identified. The intensities of these bands are shown to be related to the conjugation of the different molecular moieties, and they can provide an estimation of its extent. The intensity redistribution between these markers serves as a source of auxiliary structural information capable of pointing to a distortion of the conjugation or to the influence of aggregation effects in the condensed state. A simple relation between the intensity of the marker and the position and oscillator strength of the lowest-energy electronic absorption band of quinoxalinones allows a linking of the Raman effect with the optical properties of these compounds, which can be used for the rational design of novel species with improved optical characteristics.

2.
Chem Asian J ; 14(17): 2979-2987, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298502

RESUMO

New nickel-based complexes of 1,2-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]acenaphthene (dpp-bian) with BF4 - counterion or halide co-ligands were synthesized in THF and MeCN. The nickel(I) complexes were obtained by using two approaches: 1) electrochemical reduction of the corresponding nickel(II) precursors; and 2) a chemical comproportionation reaction. The structural features and redox properties of these complexes were investigated by using single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD), cyclic voltammetry (CV), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and UV/Vis spectroscopy. The influence of temperature and solvent on the structure of the nickel(I) complexes was studied in detail, and an uncommon reversible solvent-induced monomer/dimer transformation was observed. In the case of the fluoride complex, the unpaired electron was found to be localized on the dpp-bian ligand, whereas all of the other nickel complexes contained neutral dpp-bian moieties.

3.
J Phys Chem B ; 123(26): 5514-5523, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192599

RESUMO

We report on the electronic absorption spectra, conformational behavior, and intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds of 2,3-(dibenzimidazol-2-yl)-quinoxaline (DBIQ). The experimentally found strong solvent dependence of the absorption spectra of DBIQ solutions cannot be assigned to electronic excitations of the equilibrium ground-state DBIQ structure. Extended consideration including the nonequilibrium structures within the framework of ab initio molecular dynamics (MD) revealed the importance of torsion molecular motions not covered by the static case. The strong impact of solute-solvent hydrogen bonding on stabilization of these nonequilibrium structures and on conformational composition of DBIQ was demonstrated. A presence of twisted nonplanar geometries along the whole MD trajectory was shown to drastically influence not only energies but also characters of electronic excitations, resulting in a change of local π-π* character in a solution of 1,2-dichloroethane to charge-transfer character in polar dimethylsulfoxide.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 58(12): 7698-7704, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144500

RESUMO

A series of novel charged disilver(I) complexes with pyridyl-containing phospholanes was synthesized. These complexes were characterized using a range of spectroscopic techniques and single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. The complexes demonstrate solid-state near-infrared (NIR) luminescence (765-902 nm) that is unique for dinuclear AgI complexes. Combined spectroscopic/quantum chemical analysis suggests that the NIR luminescence of complexes 4-6 in the solid state is mainly due to crystal packing effects.

5.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(17): 3802-3808, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30958005

RESUMO

The ability of the quantum chemical computations to reproduce spectral positions and relative intensities of infrared (IR) bands for experimental vibrational spectra of organic molecules is assessed. The efficient B97-3c density functional approximation, routinely applicable to hundreds of atoms on a single processor, has been applied for the simulation of IR spectra for species containing up to 216 atoms. The results demonstrate that B97-3c, being much faster than the well-recognized hybrid functional B3LYP, offers similarly good quantitative performance in comparison to experimental data for relative IR intensities and fundamental frequencies (ν ≤ 2200 cm-1) for isolated molecules comprising from 3 to 21 first- or second-row atoms.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 58(2): 1048-1057, 2019 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601648

RESUMO

The unique L2Cu6I6 complexes containing two Cu3I3 units have been obtained via reaction of 1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctanes bearing ethylpyridyl substituents at phosphorus atoms with an excess of copper iodide. The structure of one of the complexes was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. It was shown that the complexes can exist in two crystalline phases with different parameters of the unit cell, which were detected by the PXRD data analyses. The solvent-free crystalline phases of the complexes display rare solid-state white emission at room temperature, which is observed due to the presence of two broad bands in the emission spectra with maxima at 464 and 610 nm. Quantum chemical computations show that the high-energy band has 3(M+X)LCT origin, whereas the low-energy band is interpreted as 3CC. The quantum yields of white luminescence of complexes reach 15-20%.

7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 8(15): 3452-3456, 2017 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28692296

RESUMO

Molecular dynamics simulations and DFT calculations suggest that leaching of palladium species from Pd nanoparticles in ionic liquids does not involve "naked" Pd(0) atoms or neutral ArPdX species formed by oxidative addition of arylhalides. Instead, the ionic liquid contributes largely to leaching of ionic PdX- or PdAr+ species.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(8): 6095-6104, 2017 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28191569

RESUMO

We report on the photophysical properties, conjugation, conformational behavior, intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds (HBs) of a series of novel fluorophores, consisting of 3-arylquinoxaline and benzimidazole moieties linked by a single CC bond. Computations employing density functional theory (DFT) reveal that conjugation between these moieties stabilizes syn-conformers with two HB centers located on the same side of the molecule. Anti-conformers form stronger intermolecular HBs with DMSO and DMF than syn-conformers, and this influences the energy gap between syn- and anti-forms, especially upon excitation of the molecules to the S1 state. Substituents introduced in various positions of the molecules modify their conformational behavior, and mutual disposition of excited singlet states relative to the ground states. Various substitution patterns produce very different effects on relative quantum yield of luminescence: from a moderate increase in polar DMSO and DMF relative to 1,2-dichloroethane solutions to complete quenching of emission which is observable in polar media. The observed behavior is understood with the aid of DFT and time-dependent DFT calculations. The tuneability of the spectroscopic range of the luminescence and especially of its sensitivity to environmental effects allows rational design of the novel fluorophores of this family for various applications.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 55(1): 292-6, 2016 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26577114

RESUMO

We describe a catalytic system composed of rhodium nanoparticles immobilized in a Lewis acidic ionic liquid. The combined system catalyzes the hydrogenation of quinolines, pyridines, benzofurans, and furan to access the corresponding heterocycles, important molecules present in fine chemicals, agrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The catalyst is highly selective, acting only on the heteroaromatic ring, and not interfering with other reducible functional groups.

10.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 6(21): 4431-6, 2015 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26496074

RESUMO

Charge-assisted hydrogen bonds (CAHBs) play critical roles in many systems from biology through to materials. In none of these areas has the role and function of CAHBs been explored satisfactorily because of the lack of data on the energy of CAHBs in the condensed phases. We have, for the first time, quantified three types of CAHBs in both the condensed and gas phases for 1-(2'-hydroxylethyl)-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([C2OHmim][OAc]). The energy of conventional OH···[OAc](-) CAHBs is ∼10 kcal·mol(-1), whereas nonconventional C(sp2)H···[OAc](-) and C(sp3)H···[OAc](-) CAHBs are weaker by ∼5-7 kcal·mol(-1). In the gas phase, the strength of the nonconventional CAHBs is doubled, whereas the conventional CAHBs are strengthened by <20%. The influence of cooperativity effects on the ability of the [OAc](-) anion to deprotonate the imidazolium cation is evaluated. The ability to quantify CAHBs in the condensed phase on the basis of easier accessible gas-phase estimates is highlighted.

11.
Dalton Trans ; 44(22): 10259-66, 2015 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25962493

RESUMO

The set of complexes bis-(µ:η(1),η(1)-3,4,5-triaryl-1,2-diphosphacyclopentadienyl)-bis-(tetracarbonyl manganese(i)) (aryl = C6H5 (), p-FC6H4 (), p-ClC6H4 ()) undergo an irreversible rearrangement to mononuclear 3,4,5-triaryl-1,2-diphosphacymantrenes (). According to quantum-chemical calculations binuclear complexes can be considered to be products of kinetic control and mononuclear species are thermodynamically favorable compounds. The antiferromagnetic intramolecular interaction observed for complexes can be effectively tuned by using substituents in the para-position of the arene ring, whereas mononuclear 1,2-diphosphacymantrenes are diamagnetic.

12.
J Phys Chem A ; 118(51): 12168-77, 2014 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25473760

RESUMO

The strength of conjugation between the diene moieties of 1-R-1,2-diphospholes and 1-R-phospholes and exocyclic phenyl groups of these P-heteroles has been quantitatively characterized by the use of Raman activities of the bands of the phenyl substituents. It is shown that conjugation in both types of phospholes is very similar to the conjugation of phenyl groups with the diene system of cyclopentadiene. Introduction of substituents (-OMe, -C(═O)H, -NO2, -NMe2, and -CH═CH2) in the para-position of the phenyl groups of 1-R-1,2-diphospholes extends π-delocalization of exocyclic groups into the electronic system of the 1,2-diphosphole ring, producing bathochromic shifts of the absorption bands up to 63 nm. In contrast, hypsochromic shifts up to 40 nm can be achieved by introduction of SnMe3 or SiMe3 groups at the phosphorus(III) atom of the 1,2-diphosphole and concomitant increase of aromaticity of the P-heterole. Conjugation shifts the "centre of gravity" of the whole electronic absorption spectrum, whereas positions of separate absorption bands are not simply dependent on conjugation lengths.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 16(38): 20672-80, 2014 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25158763

RESUMO

Analysis of infrared spectra of palladium nanoparticles (NPs) immersed in the tri-tert-butyl-R-phosphonium-based ionic liquids (ILs) demonstrates that both cations and anions of the ILs interact with the NPs. According to quantum-chemical simulations of these interactions, the binding energy of anions to the Pd6 cluster, taken as a minimal-size model of the NPs, increases from ∼6 to ∼27 kcal mol(-1) in the order [PF6](-)≈ [BF4](-) < [Tf2N](-) < [OTf](-) < [Br](-)≪ [TFA](-). In contrast, the binding energy for all types of the [Bu(t)3PR](+) cations slightly varies at about ∼22 kcal mol(-1) only moderately depending on the choice of the R moiety (n-pentyl, 2-hydroxyethyl, 2-methoxyethyl, 2-ethoxy-2-oxoethyl). As a result, the energies of interaction between a Pd6 cluster and various ion pairs, formed by the abovementioned counter-ions, follow the order found for the anions and vary from ∼24 to ∼47 kcal mol(-1). These values are smaller than the energy of addition of a Pd atom to a Pdn cluster (∼58 kcal mol(-1)), which suggests kinetic stabilization of the NPs in phosphonium-based ILs rather than thermodynamic stabilization. The results are qualitatively similar to the trends found earlier for interactions between palladium clusters and components of imidazolium-based ILs, in spite of much larger contributions of the London dispersion forces to the binding of the [Bu(t)3PR](+) cations to the cluster (up to 80%) relative to the case of 1-R-3-methylimidazolium cations (up to 40%).


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Modelos Químicos , Paládio/química , Fosfinas/química , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Íons/química , Modelos Moleculares , Teoria Quântica , Solventes/química
14.
J Phys Chem A ; 117(31): 6827-34, 2013 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23841623

RESUMO

Twenty 3,4,5-triaryl-1-R-1,2-diphospholes were studied within the framework of density functional theory (DFT) and experimentally by UV/vis spectroscopy to check their suitability for opto-electronic applications. Time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations employing the PBE0 hybrid density functional combined with moderately sized def-TZVP basis set were shown to excellently reproduce the experimental absorption spectra of various 1,2-diphospholes. Frontier molecular orbital analysis reveals that HOMO and LUMO are mainly localized on the diphosphole ring and, to some extent, on the aryl moieties. The HOMO-LUMO energy gap can be easily tuned by variation of substituents introduced in para-positions of the aryl moieties and, to a lesser extent, by modification of the R group at phosphorus atom. As a result, both position and intensity of the absorption bands with highest wavelength are strongly influenced by the above structural changes. The UV-spectra simulations reveal that the introduction of donor groups like para-OMe, para-NMe2, and para-N(H)Ph, which are in n-π conjugation with the aryl moieties, should result in absorption of visible light by the corresponding 1,2-diphospholes, thus making them promising candidates for new functional materials.

15.
J Phys Chem B ; 117(30): 9094-105, 2013 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23822750

RESUMO

Hydrogen bonding in ionic liquids based on the 1-(2'-hydroxylethyl)-3-methylimidazolium cation ([C2OHmim](+)) and various anions ([A](-)) of differing H-bond acceptor strength, viz. hexafluorophosphate [PF6](-), tetrafluoroborate [BF4](-), bis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide) [Tf2N](-), trifluoromethylsulfonate [OTf](-), and trifluoroacetate [TFA](-), was studied by a range of spectroscopic and computational techniques and, in the case of [C2OHmim][PF6], by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The first quantitative estimates of the energy (E(HB)) and the enthalpy (-ΔH(HB)) of H-bonds in bulk ILs were obtained from a theoretical analysis of the solid-state electron-density map of crystalline [C2OHmim][PF6] and an analysis of the IR spectra in crystal and liquid samples. E(HB) for OH···[PF6](-) H-bonds amounts to ~3.4-3.8 kcal·mol(-1), whereas weaker H-bonds (2.8-3.1 kcal·mol(-1)) are formed between aromatic C2H group of imidazolium ring and the [PF6](-) anion. The enthalpy of the OH···[A](-) H-bonds follows the order: [PF6] (2.4 kcal·mol(-1)) < [BF4] (3.3 kcal·mol(-1)) < [Tf2N] (3.4 kcal·mol(-1)) < [OTf] (4.7 kcal·mol(-1)l) < [TFA] (6.2 kcal·mol(-1)). The formation of aggregates of self-associated [C2OHmim](+) cations is present in liquid [C2OHmim][PF6], [C2OHmim][BF4], and [C2OHmim][Tf2N], with the energy of the OH···OH H-bonds amounting to ~6 kcal·mol(-1). Multiple secondary interactions in the bulk ILs influence their structure, vibrational spectra, and H-bond strength. In particular, these interactions can blue-shift the stretching frequencies of the CH groups of the imidazolium ring in spite of red-shifting CH···[A](-) H-bonds. They also weaken the H-bonding in the IL relative to the isolated ion pairs, with these anticooperative effects amounting to ca. 50% of the E(HB) value.

16.
J Phys Chem A ; 117(30): 6664-70, 2013 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23805975

RESUMO

To assess the ability of the quantum-chemical computations to reproduce the experimental relative intensities in the infrared (IR) spectra of both the gas- and condensed-phase systems, the hybrid DFT functional B3LYP has been applied to simulation of IR spectra for species containing from three to twelve first- or second-row atoms, both in the gas phase and in CCl4 solutions. The results demonstrate that B3LYP, combined with the highly compact double-ζ basis set 6-31+G* and "scaled quantum mechanics" techniques, offers excellent quantitative performance in the calculations of relative IR intensities and frequencies (ν ≤ 2200 cm(-1)) for the bands of vibrations of medium-size isolated molecules, whereas it produces unsatisfactory results for the solutions of the same species. Neither larger basis sets nor implicit treatment of the media effects improve the agreement of the simulated spectra with the condensed-phase experiment. At the same time, some preliminary results suggest that explicit modeling of media effects could offer better quality of the IR spectral simulations for the condensed-phase systems.

17.
Dalton Trans ; 42(5): 1787-97, 2013 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23165737

RESUMO

Possible stable structures of various 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) complexes, [Ni(bpy)(3)](2+), [Co(bpy)(3)](2+), [Fe(bpy)(3)](2+) and Fe(phen)(2)(NCS)(2), were optimized for different spin states of the metals, and the spectra computed for every form were compared with the experimental IR spectra of the compounds. It is demonstrated that the changes in spin states of the metals influence both geometry and vibrational spectra of the complexes. Spectral changes are predicted not only in the low frequency range, corresponding to metal-ligand vibrations, but also in the mid-IR range, where ligand vibrations are active. Detailed computational analysis in combination with the corresponding spectroscopic experiment shows that the spectral changes are of a similar character for complexes with the same ligands independent on the central metal and can be used as spectroscopic markers of the electronic state of the latter. Found spectral markers have been validated at a number of complexes of Fe(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Zn(II) and Cu(II) with bpy and phen ligands.

18.
Chemphyschem ; 13(7): 1781-90, 2012 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22447692

RESUMO

A combined DFT/vibrational spectroscopy approach is used to determine the interactions of the 1,3-dimethylimidazolium ([Mmim](+)) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ([Emim](+)) cations and [BF(4)](-) anions with each other in the liquid state and with Pd nanoparticles (NPs) immersed in ionic liquids (ILs) composed of these ions. Formation of aggregates of the counter-ions in the liquid does not have a strong influence on the interaction energy of the IL components with the palladium clusters used to model NPs, which is smaller than the energy of addition of a Pd atom to the cluster. Stronger Pd-Pd interactions in comparison to the interactions of the palladium cluster with the IL suggest kinetic stabilisation of Pd-NPs in 1,3-dialkylimidazolium tetrafluoroborates rather than thermodynamic stabilisation. Moreover, the palladium clusters interact more strongly with the anions than with the cations, and this suggests an important role of the anions in formation and stabilisation of Pd-NP in ILs. At the same time, binding between an isolated Pd atom and [Mmim](+) cation is stronger than Pd-[BF(4)](-) binding. IR and Raman spectral simulations reveal that surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy is much less sensitive to interactions of Pd-NPs with the [BF(4)](-) anion compared to interactions with [Mmim](+) cations. In contrast, IR spectroscopy is better suited to study the anion-metal interactions, whereas IR spectral manifestations of the cation-metal interactions are rather modest. The splitting of the strong ν(as)(BF(4)(-)) IR band into three components appears to be a convenient spectroscopic marker for Pd-[BF(4)](-) interactions, which is confirmed by actual spectra of Pd-NPs stabilised by [Emim][BF(4)]. The IR spectra and their assignment with quantum chemical computations suggest that both the anions and cations of [Emim][BF(4)] interact with the Pd-NP surface in the IL. The cation ring orientation close to the surface normal appears to be the dominant interaction. The anion is bound to the surface through either two or three fluorine atoms.

19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 14(17): 6026-33, 2012 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22446618

RESUMO

Pd nanoparticles (NPs) with a small size and narrow size distribution were prepared from the decomposition of Pd(OAc)(2) in a series of hydroxyl-functionalized ionic liquids (ILs) comprising the 1-(2'-hydroxylethyl)-3-methylimidazolium cation and various anions, viz. [C(2)OHmim][OTf] (2.4 ± 0.5 nm), [C(2)OHmim][TFA] (2.3 ± 0.4 nm), [C(2)OHmim][BF(4)] (3.3 ± 0.6 nm), [C(2)OHmim][PF(6)] (3.1 ± 0.7 nm) and [C(2)OHmim][Tf(2)N] (4.0 ± 0.6 nm). Compared with Pd NPs isolated from the non-functionalized IL, [C(4)mim][Tf(2)N] (6.2 ± 1.1 nm), it would appear that the hydroxyl group accelerates the formation of the NPs, and also helps to protect the NPs from oxidation once formed. Based on the amount of Pd(OAc)(2) that remains after NP synthesis (under the given conditions) the ease of formation of the Pd NPs in the [C(2)OHmim](+)-based ILs follows the trend [Tf(2)N](-), [PF(6)](-) > [BF(4)](-) > [OTf](-) > [TFA](-). Also, the ability of the [C(2)OHmim](+)-based ILs to prevent the Pd NPs from undergoing oxidation follows the trend [Tf(2)N](-) > [PF(6)](-) > [TFA](-) > [OTf](-) > [BF(4)](-). DFT calculations were employed to rationalize the interactions between Pd NPs and the [C(2)OHmim](+) cation and the various anions.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 50(19): 9728-33, 2011 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21894918

RESUMO

Polyiodides have been transferred intact from acetonitrile solution to the gas phase and analyzed by mass spectrometry. A range of ions were observed, including [I(11)](-), [I(13)](-), and [I(15)](-), which have higher iodine/iodide ratios than any previously characterized ions. Theoretical calculations show that branched structures are strongly favored, a result which is in excellent agreement with with gas phase fragmentation studies (MS/MS) and also previous solid state studies. This study demonstrates the utility of mass spectrometry to provide structural information in the absence of other spectroscopic handles.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA