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1.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34440965

RESUMO

Background and objectives: In oral and maxillofacial operations, the iliac crest is a commonly used donor site from which to harvest bone for augmentation prior to dental implantation or for reconstruction of jaw defects caused by trauma or pathological lesions. In an aging society, the proportion of elderly patients undergoing iliac crest bone grafting for oral augmentation is growing. Although postoperative morbidity is usually moderate to low, the age and health of the patient should be considered as risk factors for complications and delayed mobilization after the operation. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the postoperative morbidity and complications in elderly patients after the harvesting of iliac crest bone grafts for oral surgery. Material and Methods: Data were collected from a total of 486 patients (aged 7-85) who had a surgical procedure that included the harvesting of iliac crest bone grafts for intraoral transplantation. All patients were operated on between 2005 and 2021 in the Department for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University Hospital in Aachen, Germany. As parameters for postoperative morbidity and complications, gait disturbances, hypesthesia of cutaneous nerves, incision hernias, iliac crest fractures, delayed wound healing, and unfavorable scar formation at the donor site were all evaluated. Results: The study was performed with 485 patients due to the exclusion of one patient as the only one from whom grafts were taken from both sides. When younger and older patients were compared, neither gait disturbances (p = 0.420), nor hernias (p = 0.239), nor fractures (p = 0.239), nor hypesthesia (p = 0.297), nor wound healing delay (p = 0.294), nor scar problems (p = 0.586) were significantly different. However, the volume of the graft was significantly correlated with the duration of the hospital stay (ρ = 0.30; p < 0.01) but not with gait disturbances (ρ = 0.60; p = 0.597). Additionally, when controlling for age (p = 0.841), sex (p = 0.031), ASA class (p = 0.699), preexisting orthopedic handicaps (p = 0.9828), and the volume of the bone graft (p = 0.770), only male sex was associated with the likelihood of suffering gait disturbances (p = 0.031). Conclusions: In conclusion, harvesting bone grafts from the anterior iliac crest for intraoral augmentation is a safe procedure for both young and elderly patients. Although there is some postoperative morbidity, such as gait disturbances, hypesthesia, scar formation, or delayed wound healing at the donor site, rates for these minor complications are low and mostly of short duration. Major complications, such as fractures or incision hernias, are very rare. However, in our study, the volume of the bone graft was associated with a longer stay in hospital, and this should be considered in the planning of iliac crest bone graft procedures.


Assuntos
Ílio , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos , Idoso , Transplante Ósseo , Humanos , Masculino , Morbidade , Dor Pós-Operatória , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(1): 345-353, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691298

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this randomized observer-blinded split-mouth-study is to objectively assess the influence of a rubber drain on postoperative swelling using 3D face scans as measurement method and additionally evaluate pain, trismus and complications after the osteotomy of lower third molars. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-two patients with symmetrically impacted lower wisdom teeth were recruited. Before the operation, patients rated pain using the visual analogue scale, the interincisal distance was measured, and 3D face scans were taken with an optical scanner. Each patient underwent two procedures which were at least 30 days apart. On one side, a rubber drain was inserted randomly before closure, the contralateral control side was closed without drainage. On the third and tenth postoperative day, face scans to quantify the swelling, pain evaluation and trismus measurements were performed. Due to loss of follow-up, 32 patients were excluded which resulted in 40 out of 72 patients remaining in the study. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in using a drain on swelling and trismus on the third and tenth day (p > 0.05). Pain was slightly worse on the third day on the treatment side, but the difference was not significant (p > 0.05). We observed no differences in the number of wound infections. CONCLUSIONS: The insertion of a rubber drain does not have any influence on swelling, pain or trismus and has no impact on the number of wound infections. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of a rubber drain cannot be recommended as no reduction of postoperative discomfort was detected.


Assuntos
Drenagem/métodos , Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Edema/etiologia , Edema/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Boca , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Trismo/etiologia , Trismo/prevenção & controle
3.
Ann Anat ; 234: 151655, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone resorption of the jaw leads to challenging implant placement. Frequently, augmentation of the jaw is necessary. Is calvarian split bone an alternative to other extraoral donor sites and what volume of bone is harvestable? The aim was to evaluate the spatial distribution and the total amount of harvestable calvarian split bone. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Computerized tomographies of 600 patients were divided into four groups (male and female: ≤45 years and >45 years). The skull was segmented and cut into the harvestable compartments (Os frontale, Ossa parietalia). The volume and thickness of the harvestable bone were calculated. RESULTS: The overall harvestable bone was 110.644 ± 25.429 cm³. The bone from the Os frontale was significantly less than harvestable bone from the Os parietale (p < 0.001). More bone could be harvested from the right Os parietale. In younger males, significantly more bone could be harvested than in females (females ≤45 years: p = 0.001; females >45 years: p = 0.003). A weak negative correlation existed between the participants' age and the harvestable bone volume of the left Os parietale (r = -0.087; p = 0.033). The thickness of the harvestable bone from the Ossa parietalia is greater in females than in males. CONCLUSION: A great amount of calvarian bone can be harvested to augment the jaw. Surgeons must acknowledge that more bone is harvestable from males than females while the female bone is thicker. Calculating the volume leads to accurate results of the available bone.

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