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1.
Swiss Dent J ; 131(4): 327-338, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789417

RESUMO

When a syndrome forms the background of a systemic involvement of periodontal disease, it is necessary to fully exploit the resources outside, which soon reaches its limits in private practice. In the patient's environment, it must be checked whether support for the patient can be guaranteed. Without support, as in this presented case, the patient's oral hygiene could hardly be maintained. This article reports on a female patient who was referred to the Center for Dental Medicine at the University of Zurich. In addition to various secondary carious lesions, an apical whitening, two carious wisdom teeth and two extremely mobile molars in the third quadrant, the patient had chronic, localized advanced (stage III, grade B) periodontitis associated with systemic disease (deafness and Sturge-Weber syndrome). For two years, the patient was treated at the Department of Periodontology. Due to the strong bleeding tendency on the left side, facial localization of the naevus flammeus, the patient was partially referred to the Polyclinic of Oral Surgery and treated there. Numerous oral hygiene sessions, scaling and root planing, restoration with composite fillings, a root filling, removal of wisdom teeth and finally removal of hypermobile molars 36 and 37 during corona lockdown were performed. In the meantime, the patient has been orally rehabilitated. Home oral hygiene was reorganized with the patient's family and the patient was discharged to a close supportive periodontal recall for the time being.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Medicina , Mancha Vinho do Porto , Síndrome de Sturge-Weber , Feminino , Humanos , Aplainamento Radicular , Síndrome de Sturge-Weber/complicações
2.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810094

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a common immune-inflammatory oral disease. Early detection plays an important role in its prevention and progression. Saliva is a reliable medium that mirrors periodontal health and is easily obtainable for identifying periodontal biomarkers in point-of-care diagnostics. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of diagnostic salivary tests to determine periodontal status. Whole saliva (stimulated/unstimulated) from twenty healthy and twenty stage III grade B generalized periodontitis patients was tested for lactoferrin, alkaline phosphatase, calcium, density, osmolarity, pH, phosphate, buffer capacity, salivary flow rate and dynamic viscosity. A semi-quantitative urinary strip test was used to evaluate markers of inflammation in saliva (erythrocytes, leukocytes, urobilinogen, nitrite, glucose, bilirubin, and ketones), clinical periodontal parameters and pathogenic bacteria. Concentrations of lactoferrin, hemoglobin, and leukocytes were found to be significantly higher in the stimulated and unstimulated saliva in periodontitis patients compared to healthy patients, whereas alkaline phosphatase levels were higher in unstimulated saliva of periodontitis patients (p < 0.05). Periodontal biomarker analysis using test strips may be considered rapid and easy tool for distinguishing between periodontitis and healthy patients. The increase in lactoferrin, hemoglobin, and leucocytes-determined by strip tests-may provide a non-invasive method of periodontal diagnosis.

3.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244020, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320905

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the distribution and deposition of aerosols during simulated periodontal therapy. METHODS: A manikin with simulated fluorescein salivation was treated by four experienced dentists applying two different periodontal treatment options, i.e. air-polishing with an airflow device or ultrasonic scaling in the upper and lower anterior front for 5 minutes, respectively. Aerosol deposition was quantitatively measured on 21 pre-defined locations with varying distances to the manikins mouth in triplicates using absorbent filter papers. RESULTS: The selected periodontal interventions resulted in different contamination levels around the patient's mouth. The highest contamination could be measured on probes on the patient's chest and forehead but also on the practitioner's glove. With increasing distance to the working site contamination of the probes decreased with both devices. Air-polishing led to greater contamination than ultrasonic. CONCLUSION: Both devices showed contamination of the nearby structures, less contamination was detected when using the ultrasonic. Affirming the value of wearing protective equipment we support the need for universal barrier precautions and effective routine infection control in dental practice.


Assuntos
Aerossóis/química , Polimento Dentário/instrumentação , Controle de Infecções Dentárias/métodos , Periodontia/instrumentação , Terapia por Ultrassom/instrumentação , Humanos , Manequins , Segurança do Paciente , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/normas , Saliva/química
4.
Swiss Dent J ; 130(7-8): 572-583, 2020 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515568

RESUMO

The aim of this systematic review was to compare the combination of amoxicillin and metronidazole or azithromycin when used as adjunct systemic antibiotics during the non-surgical periodontal therapy of chronic periodontitis. The databases Medline, Embase, Cochrane and Biosis were electronically searched. Additionally, a hand search was conducted up to24 October 2019. From 76 papers, only two papers could be included in the analysis. The calculated mean probability of having probing depth (PD) ≤ 3 mm after non-surgical periodontal therapy in moderate (4-6 mm) and deep (> 6 mm) pockets accounted for 7% and 6% for the combination of amoxicillin and metronidazole. For azithromycin it was 3% and 1%, respectively. The mean probability of persisting pockets ≥ 5 mm was 0 for moderate pockets with both antibiotic therapies whereas for deep pockets therapy with amoxicillin and metronidazole seems slightly lower. On the basis of two studies included in this systematic review, azithromycin as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in the non-surgical adjunctive treatment of chronic periodontitis seems to provide clinical results similar to the combination of amoxicillin and metronidazole. On behalf of patients' compliance and well-being, the use of azithromycin as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy of chronic periodontitis may be a substitute to amoxicillin and metronidazole. However, interpretation should be taken with caution, since the results are based on two studies only; thus, further clinical trials are necessary to underline or refute this trend.


Assuntos
Amoxicilina , Metronidazol , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina , Raspagem Dentária , Humanos , Aplainamento Radicular
5.
Dent J (Basel) ; 8(2)2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503214

RESUMO

This case report describes a rare case of a broken periodontal probe tip and its removal. A male patient presented himself in June 2019 due to a painful tooth in the upper left quadrant. The patient elected treatment in the dental school's student course. In October 2019, in preparation for full-mouth rehabilitation, a complete diagnostic status was performed, including radiographs. In this context, a metal-dense fragment was identified in the apical region of the (missing) tooth 45. It was diagnosed as the broken tip of a periodontal probe (type AE P OWB). Since a PCP-12 probe is generally used in-house, iatrogenic damage during the initial examination or student course could be excluded a priori. The patient was not able to remember any treatment that could be associated with the instrument's breaking. Since the probe fragment was palpable and a translocation could not be precluded, the patient agreed to its removal under local anesthesia, after a cone-beam CT. This article describes and discusses this particular case, with special emphasis on iatrogenic instrument fractures and their removal.

6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(3): 1091-1100, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gingival recessions inevitably occur during healing after scaling and root planing, but synoptic data on this topic is still lacking. This review compared the recession formation with and without the administration of systemic antibiotics. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the formation of recession with and without the administration of antibiotics during the healing after scaling and root planing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study re-analyzed publications that reported clinical attachment levels (CAL) and probing pocket depths (PD) up to January 2019, including the pivotal review by Zandbergen and co-workers (2013). Whereas these studies traditionally focused on PD and CAL, the present analysis compared recession formation (ΔREC) after adjunctive systemic administration of amoxicillin (amx) and metronidazole (met) during scaling and root planing (SRP) and SRP alone. The mean increase in ΔREC, if not reported, was calculated from CAL and PD values and statistically analyzed. Recession formation was compared after 3 and 6 months after therapy. Results were separately reported for chronic periodontitis (CP) as well as aggressive periodontitis (AP) cases. RESULTS: Recessions increased consistently between baseline and follow-up. In the AP group, median ΔREC was 0.20 mm after 3 months, irrespective of whether antibiotics were administered or not. After 6 months, median ΔREC increased to 0.35 mm after AB and remained stable at 0.20 mm with SRP alone. In the CP group, after 3 months with and without antibiotics, median ΔREC accounted for 0.30 mm and 0.14 mm, respectively. After 6 months, median ΔREC accounted for 0.28 mm (with AB) and 0.20 mm (without AB). The quantitative assessment by meta-analyses also yielded small values (≤ 0.25 mm) for the estimated differences in recession formation between AB and noAB; however, none of them reached statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Although a slight tendency towards higher recession formation after SRP in combination with AB could be observed in many studies, quantitative meta-analyses showed no clinically relevant difference in recession formation due to the administration of AB. In general, the description and discussion of recessions in the literature seems not to be a major focus so far. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Since the preservation of gingival tissues is important by preventive and therapeutic means, e.g., when avoiding postoperative root sensitivity or performing regenerative surgery, these aspects should not be neglected. We thus suggest to report REC measurements along with PD and CAL values for more direct recession formation (ΔREC) assessments in the future.


Assuntos
Amoxicilina/administração & dosagem , Raspagem Dentária , Retração Gengival , Metronidazol/administração & dosagem , Aplainamento Radicular , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Humanos
7.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 5(6): 601-610, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31943916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Periodontal healing is often accompanied by side effects, which may cause an aesthetic deficit. The present investigation was focussed to compare patient's subjective perception of their posttherapy aesthetics with the objective measures of the results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Survey results from patients (subjective parameters) on oral status and aesthetics were compared against routine clinical parameters and corresponding survey results from treating dentists (objective parameters), both before and after periodontal treatment. Subjective outcome parameters were then suitably transformed and compared with the objective ones to investigate the agreement between patients' perception and actual outcomes. RESULTS: Objective recordings of periodontal status by the dentist and subjective awareness of the patient are quite contradictory to each other for almost all participants. Further, it was found that their aesthetics in the front were better after treatment, but dentist professionals targeted for future treatment needs. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, it was found that patients improved aesthetically on the upper jaw front after the therapy, which was not shared by the dentists. This discrepancy was due to the clinicians' view on more aesthetic corrective procedures than on patients' need.


Assuntos
Odontólogos/psicologia , Estética Dentária/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Desbridamento Periodontal/efeitos adversos , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Coortes , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estética Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Desbridamento Periodontal/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(1): 21-32, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30535817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biofilm management and infection control are essential after periodontal and implant surgery. In this context, chlorhexidine (CHX) mouth-rinses are frequently recommended post-surgically. Despite its common use and many studies in this field, a systematic evaluation of the benefits after periodontal or implant surgery is-surprisingly-still missing. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the benefits of chlorhexidine rinsing after periodontal or implant surgery in terms of plaque and inflammation reduction potential. Furthermore, to screen whether the concentration changes or additives in CHX solutions reduce side effects associated with its use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed for clinical trials, which compared CHX rinsing after periodontal or implant surgery with rinsing using placebo, non-staining formulations, or solutions with reduced concentrations of the active compound. Four databases (Medline, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane) were searched up to June 2018. Two reviewers independently identified and screened the literature. RESULTS: From 691 titles identified, only eleven publications met the inclusion criteria and were finally included. Mainly early publications assessed the benefits of CHX over placebo rinsing, whereas more recent publications focused more on the evaluation of new formulations with regard to effectiveness and side effects. The use of CHX after surgery showed in general significant reduction in plaque (means of 29-86% after 1 week) and bleeding (up to 73%) as compared to placebo. No consensus, however, was found regarding the most beneficial CHX formulation avoiding side effects. CONCLUSION: Chlorhexidine rinsing helps to reduce biofilm formation and gingival inflammation after surgery. However, no additional reduction of periodontal probing depth over any given placebo or control solution could be found irrespective of whether CHX was used or not. The use of additives such as antidiscoloration systems (ADS) or herbal extracts may reduce side effects while retaining efficacy. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Within the limitations of this review, it can be concluded that CHX may represent a valuable chemo-preventive tool immediately after surgery, during the time period in which oral hygiene capacity is compromised. To reduce the side effects of CHX and maintain comparable clinical effects, rinsing with less concentrated formulations (e.g., 0.12%) showed the most promising results so far.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Implantação Dentária , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico , Doenças Periodontais/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Humanos
9.
Dent J (Basel) ; 6(4)2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30347835

RESUMO

On account of its proven clinical efficacy, the combination of systemically administered amoxicillin and metronidazole is frequently adjuncted to non-operative periodontal therapy and well documented. Potential drawbacks of this regimen, e.g., side effects and problems with the compliance, led to an ongoing search for alternatives. Azithromycin, an antibiotic extensively used in general medicine, has recently found its niche in periodontal therapy as well. This systematic review aimed to analyze the in vitro antimicrobial efficacy of amoxicillin plus metronidazole versus azithromycin. For this purpose, a systematic literature search was performed, and studies published up to 29 March 2018 referenced in Medline, Embase, Cochrane, and Biosis were independently screened by two authors. An additional hand search was performed and studies focusing on the evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial efficacy of amoxicillin + metronidazole or azithromycin on bacteria from the subgingival biofilm were included. English and German language research reports were considered. From 71 identified articles, only three articles were eligible for inclusion. These studies showed heterogeneity in terms of analytical methods and strains explored. However, all studies used multispecies biofilm models for analysis of the antimicrobial activity. Unanimously, studies reported on more pronounced antimicrobial effects when applying the combination of amoxicillin + metronidazole, compared to azithromycin. Based on the few studies available, the combination of amoxicillin + metronidazole seemed to display higher antimicrobial efficacy in vitro than azithromycin.

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