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Int J Pharm ; 578: 119088, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001291


Docetaxel (DTX), a widely prescribed anticancer agent, is now associated with increased instances of multidrug resistance. Also, being a problematic BCS class IV drug, it poses challenges for the formulators. Henceforth, it was envisioned to synthesize an analogue of DTX with a biocompatible lipid, i.e., palmitic acid. The in-silico studies (molecular docking and simulation) inferred lesser binding of docetaxel palmitate (DTX-PL) with P-gp vis-à-vis DTX and paclitaxel, indicating it to be a poor substrate for P-gp efflux. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) of the conjugate were prepared using various lipids, viz. palmitic acid, stearic acid, cetyl palmitate and glyceryl monostearate. The characterization studies for the nanocarrier were performed for the surface charge, drug payload, micromeritics, release pattern of drug and surface morphology. From the cytotoxicity assays on resistant MCF-7 cells, it was established that the new analogue offered substantially decreased IC50 to that of DTX. Further, apoptosis assay also corroborated the results obtained in IC50 determination wherein, SA-SLNs showed the highest apoptotic index than free DTX. The conjugate not only enhanced the solubility but also offered lower plasma protein binding and improved pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effect for DTX loaded SA-SLNs in apt animal models, and lower affinity to P-gp efflux. The studies provide preliminary evidence and a ray of hope for a better candidate in its nano version for safer and effective cancer chemotherapy.

Curr Pharm Des ; 24(43): 5147-5163, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30727874


Despite the fact that protein and peptide therapeutics are widely employed in the treatment of various diseases, their delivery is posing an unembellished challenge to the scientists. It was discovered that delivery of these therapeutic systems through oral route is easy with high patient compliance. However, proteolytic degradation and absorption through the mucosal epithelium are the barriers in this route. These issues can be minimized by the use of enzyme inhibitors, absorption enhancers, different carrier systems or either by direct modification. In the process of investigation, it was found that transdermal route is not posing any challenges of enzymatic degradation, but, still absorption is the limitation as the outer layer of skin acts as a barrier. To suppress the effect of the barrier and increase the rate of the absorption, various advanced technologies were developed, namely, microneedle technology, iontophoresis, electroporation, sonophoresis and biochemical enhancement. Indeed, even these molecules are targeted to the cells with the use of cell-penetrating peptides. In this review, delivery of the peptide and protein therapeutics using oral, transdermal and other routes is discussed in detail.

Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Preparações Farmacêuticas/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/química , Preparações Farmacêuticas/administração & dosagem , Preparações Farmacêuticas/química , Proteínas/administração & dosagem , Proteínas/química
Curr Pharm Des ; 22(33): 5127-5143, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27215440


Chemotherapy is one of the most frequently employed and reliable treatment options for the management of a variety of cancers. Taxanes (paclitaxel, docetaxel and cabazitaxel) are frequently prescribed to treat breast cancer, hormone refractory prostate cancer, non-small cell lung cancer and ovarian cancer. Most of the commercial products of taxanes are available as injectables, which are not patient compliant and are associated with frequent side effects like ototoxicity, baldness and neurotoxicity. Most of these concerns are ascribable to the presence of toxic solvents in these commercial formulations, which are used to solubilize these drug(s). However, there have been several attempts to develop toxic solvent free taxane formulations, especially employing novel drug delivery systems (NDDS). These systems have been reported to result in the advancement of anticancer activity, therapeutic index, stability, biocompatibility, tissue or organ targeting, encapsulation capacity, tissue permeability, oral bioavailability, reduced toxicity and reduced incidences of abnormal reactions, sustained and controlled release in comparison to the conventional solvent-based formulations. The review is an attempt to analyze the potential of NDDS-mediated taxane delivery for safer and effective cancer chemotherapy.

Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/química , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/química , Coloides/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Taxoides/química
Int J Biol Macromol ; 88: 206-12, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27037052


Docetaxel is one of the promising drugs and employed for the management of variety of cancers. However, challenges like poor-bioavailability, low tissue-permeability, compromised aqueous solubility and dose-dependent side-effects limit its clinical applications. Whereas, PLGA-based polymeric micelles possess the ability to enhance the tissue permeability of drugs and increase their biocompatibility. Henceforth, it was aimed to fabricate the dextran-PLGA-based polymeric-micelles loaded with docetaxel to explore the potential benefits in drug delivery. Dextran was chemically linked to PLGA and the linkage was confirmed by FT-IR, UV and NMR-spectroscopy. Critical-micelle-concentration of amphiphilic polymer was determined and drug was encapsulated by diffusion technique and erythrocyte compatibility. The system was evaluated for drug release profile and in vitro cytotoxicity studies. The pharmacokinetic profile was studied in rats. The micelles obtained were of 96.5±2.5nm and offered drug encapsulation of order of 54.85±1.21%.The cytotoxicity of drug against MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines was enhanced by approx. 100%. The pharmacokinetic profile was substantially modified and about 16-folds enhancement in bioavailability was observed vis-à-vis plain drug. The approach was not only able to control the drug release, but also offered promise to enhance the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic potential of docetaxel and similar anticancer agents.

Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Dextranos/química , Portadores de Fármacos , Ácido Láctico/química , Nanopartículas/química , Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Taxoides/farmacocinética , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Docetaxel , Composição de Medicamentos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Eritrócitos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Micelas , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Taxoides/química , Taxoides/farmacologia