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1.
J Artif Organs ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581883

RESUMO

Women with implantable left-ventricular assist devices (LVADs) experience gynecological bleeding (GYN-bleeding). However, a few studies have investigated female-specific problems. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the risk factors for adverse GYN-bleeding after LVAD implantation. We retrospectively analyzed 59 women (mean age: 41 ± 15 years) with long-term implantable LVAD support (≥ 6 months) at our institution between 2005 and 2018. The history of GYN-bleeding before implantation was defined as abnormal utero-ovarian bleeding, excessive menstruation, uterine fibroids, and endometrial lesions. GYN-bleeding after implantation was defined as a requirement of emergency outpatient visits and/or hospitalization, blood transfusions, hormonal therapy, and/or surgery. Additionally, risk factors for GYN-bleeding were identified using the Cox regression model. Twenty-four GYN-bleeding cases were seen in 15 patients (two times: five patients, three times: two patients, 0.18 events per patient-year). The 1- and 2-year GYN-bleeding-free rates were 84% and 73%, respectively. Twelve patients (17 events) required RBC ≥ 4 units, and five patients (7 events) required FFP ≥ 4 units. Seven patients required pseudomenopausal treatment after blood transfusion, and four patients required surgical treatment. Fifteen patients with GYN-bleeding after implantation were significantly younger than the remaining 44 patients without GYN-bleeding (34 ± 12 years vs. 43 ± 16 years, P = 0.02). Multivariable risk analysis showed a history of GYN-bleeding before implantation was a significant risk factor (hazard ratio 3.7 [1.2-10.6], P = 0.004). Patients with a history of GYN-bleeding before LVAD implantation have a high risk of developing GYN-bleeding after implantation. We should identify the high-risk population and prepare for the management of GYN-bleeding.

2.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to clarify the incidence and determinants of postoperative adverse events in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy who achieved long-term durable mitral valve repair. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2015, 166 patients with chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) and left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction ≤40% underwent restrictive mitral annuloplasty. During follow-up (65±34 months), echocardiographic assessments were performed 809 times (mean, 4.9±2.4 times) and 20 patients who had developed postoperative recurrent MR (≥moderate) were excluded. Finally, 146 patients (68±9 years) whose MR was well controlled over time were included. RESULTS: A total of 61 mortalities and/or 27 readmissions for heart failure were observed in 76 patients (52%). Among hospital survivors, age (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.05; P=0.001), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.61; P=0.001) were identified as independent predictors of long-term mortality and/or readmission for heart failure. The degree of LV function recovery after surgery was comparable between patients with and without adverse events. However, the former group showed greater values for systolic pulmonary artery pressure, tricuspid regurgitation severity, inferior vena cava dimension, and plasma brain natriuretic peptide level throughout the follow-up period (group effect p<0.05 for all). CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 50% of patients died or were hospitalized for heart failure even in the absence of recurrent mitral regurgitation during the 5-year follow-up, indicating that durable mitral repair does not always lead to favorable clinical outcomes. The adverse events might be related to volume overload secondary to impaired renal function and less favorable pulmonary hemodynamics.

3.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of perioperative antibiotics against postendoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) coagulation syndrome (PECS) in patients undergoing colorectal ESD. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled, parallel, superiority trial was conducted at 21 Japanese tertiary institutions. Patients with superficial colorectal lesions ≥20 mm and those undergoing ESD management for a single lesion were eligible. Patients with perforation during and after ESD were excluded. Before the ESD procedure, participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to either undergo conventional treatment (nonantibiotic group) or investigational treatment (antibiotic group). In the antibiotic group, 3 g of ampicillin-sulbactam was administered just before, 8 hours after, and the morning after ESD. The primary endpoint was the incidence of PECS. The onset of PECS was defined as localized abdominal pain (both spontaneous pain and tenderness), and fever (≧37.6°C) or inflammatory response (leukocytosis [≧10,000 cells/µL] or elevated C-reactive protein level (CRP) [≧0.5 mg/dL]). RESULTS: From February 5, 2019 to September 7, 2020, a total of 432 patients were enrolled and assigned to the antibiotic group (n=216) or nonantibiotic group (n=216). After excluding 52 patients, 192 in the antibiotic group and 188 in the nonantibiotic group were analyzed. PECS occurred in 9 out of 192 (4.7%) patients in the antibiotic group and 14 out of 188 (7.5%) patients in the nonantibiotic group with an odds ratio of 0.61 (95% confidence interval, 0.23 -1.56, p=0.29). CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative use of antibiotics was not effective in reducing incidence of PECS in patients undergoing colorectal ESD.

4.
J Therm Biol ; 99: 102979, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420623

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the effects of ice slurry ingestion on post-exercise cooling in males and females. Twenty-four healthy adults (male n = 12; body weight [BW], 65.8 ± 10.3 kg; female, n = 12; BW, 58.2 ± 10.0 kg) participated in this study. Participants ingested 7.5 g/kg of either ice slurry at -1 °C (ICE) or control fluid at 20 °C (CON) during recovery after cycling at 55% VO2max until the rectal temperature reached 38.5 °C or exhaustion in a hot environment (controlled at 38 °C, 40% relative humidity). Rectal (Tre) and skin (Tsk) temperature, ratings of thermal sensation (TS), thermal comfort (TC), heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and whole body sweat loss (WBSL) were measured 60 min after exercise. Ice slurry ingestion reduced Tre and TS and improved post-exercise hypotension only in females (p < 0.05). In comparison, males did not receive cooling effect from post- exercise cooling with ice slurry ingestion. WBSL tended to be lower in ICE than CON in males (ICE, 454.3 ± 172.3 g; CON, 539.7 ± 157.2 g; p = 0.065). In conclusion, sex differences were observed in the effects of post-exercise cooling with ice slurry ingestion.

5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 5566880, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34211629

RESUMO

Previous studies have not investigated the determinants of resting oxidative stress, including physical fitness, as it relates to redox regulation. The present study therefore was aimed at identifying lifestyle and biological factors that determine resting oxidative stress, including objectively measured physical fitness. In 873 middle-aged and elderly men and women, age and anthropometric parameters, lifestyle-related parameters, medication and supplementation status, physical fitness, biochemical parameters, and nutritional intake status, as well as three plasma oxidative stress markers: protein carbonyl (PC), F2-isoprostane (F2-IsoP), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), were surveyed and measured. The determinants of PC, F2-IsoP, and TBARS in all participants were investigated using stepwise multiple regression analysis. In PC, age (ß = -0.11, P = 0.002), leg extension power (ß = -0.12, P = 0.008), BMI (ß = 0.12, P = 0.004), and HDL-C (ß = 0.08, P = 0.040) were included in the regression model (adjusted R 2 = 0.018). In the F2-IsoP, smoking status (ß = 0.07, P = 0.060), BMI (ß = 0.07, P = 0.054), and HbA1c (ß = -0.06, P = 0.089) were included in the regression model (adjusted R 2 = 0.006). In TBARS, glucose (ß = 0.18, P < 0.001), CRF (ß = 0.16, P < 0.001), age (ß = 0.15, P < 0.001), TG (ß = 0.11, P = 0.001), antioxidant supplementation (ß = 0.10, P = 0.002), and HbA1c (ß = -0.13, P = 0.004) were included in the regression model (adjusted R 2 = 0.071). In conclusion, the present study showed that age, anthropometric index, lifestyle-related parameters, medication and supplementation status, objectively measured physical fitness, biochemical parameters, and nutritional intake status explain less than 10% of oxidative stress at rest.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic resection of nonampullary duodenal adenoma is often challenging, and its technique has not yet been standardized. To overcome the practical difficulty of conventional endoscopic mucosal resection, underwater endoscopic mucosal resection (UEMR) was recently developed; therefore, we investigated the effectiveness and safety of UEMR for nonampullary duodenal adenoma. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective cohort study was conducted at 21 institutions in Japan. We enrolled patients with no more than 2 nonampullary duodenal adenomas ≤20 mm in size, who were scheduled to undergo UEMR. After UEMR, follow-up endoscopies were scheduled at 2 and 12 months after the procedure, and biopsy specimens were taken from the post-UEMR scars. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with histologically proven nonrecurrence at follow-up endoscopy and biopsy. RESULTS: A total of 155 patients with 166 lesions underwent UEMR. One patient with a non-neoplastic lesion in the resected specimen and 10 patients with 10 lesions who were lost to follow-up were excluded. Finally, 144 patients with 155 lesions who received all follow-up endoscopies were analyzed for the primary endpoint. The proportion of patients with proven nonrecurrence was 97.2% (n = 140 of 144; 95% confidence interval, 92.8%-99.1%) which exceeded the predefined threshold value (92%). Two cases of delayed bleeding (1.2%) occurred and they were successfully managed by clips. All recurrences were successfully treated by additional endoscopic treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This multicenter, prospective cohort study demonstrated effectiveness and safety of UEMR for nonampullary duodenal adenomas ≤20 mm in size. (University Hospital Medical Network Clinical Trials Registry, Number: UMIN000030414).

7.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-31, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256880

RESUMO

The association between a dietary pattern characterised by high alcohol intake and dyslipidaemia has not been fully investigated. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the association between alcohol dietary patterns and the prevalence of dyslipidaemia and its components. This cross-sectional study enrolled 2,171 men and women aged ≥40 years who were alumni of a Japanese university. To identify dietary patterns, a principal component analysis was performed based on the energy-adjusted food intake estimated by a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. Three dietary patterns were identified, the second of which was named the alcohol dietary pattern and was characterised by a high intake of alcoholic beverages, liver, chicken, and fish. This alcohol dietary pattern was associated with reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. The fully adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of high LDL-C for the lowest through highest quartile of alcohol dietary pattern score were 1.00 (reference), 0.83 (0.64-1.08), 0.84 (0.64-1.10), and 0.68 (0.49- 0.94), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the alcohol dietary pattern was inversely associated with the prevalence of dyslipidaemia in women, whereas it was positively associated with high triglyceride levels in men. In conclusion, the alcohol dietary pattern, characterised by a high intake of alcoholic beverages, liver, chicken, and fish, was associated with the prevalence of dyslipidaemia and its components. This finding provides useful information for the prevention and treatment of dyslipidaemia by modifying the diet.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299206

RESUMO

Despite the intensive investigation of the molecular mechanism of skeletal muscle hypertrophy, the underlying signaling processes are not completely understood. Therefore, we used an overload model, in which the main synergist muscles (gastrocnemius, soleus) of the plantaris muscle were surgically removed, to cause a significant overload in the remaining plantaris muscle of 8-month-old Wistar male rats. SIRT1-associated pro-anabolic, pro-catabolic molecular signaling pathways, NAD and H2S levels of this overload-induced hypertrophy were studied. Fourteen days of overload resulted in a significant 43% (p < 0.01) increase in the mass of plantaris muscle compared to sham operated animals. Cystathionine-ß-synthase (CBS) activities and bioavailable H2S levels were not modified by overload. On the other hand, overload-induced hypertrophy of skeletal muscle was associated with increased SIRT1 (p < 0.01), Akt (p < 0.01), mTOR, S6 (p < 0.01) and suppressed sestrin 2 levels (p < 0.01), which are mostly responsible for anabolic signaling. Decreased FOXO1 and SIRT3 signaling (p < 0.01) suggest downregulation of protein breakdown and mitophagy. Decreased levels of NAD+, sestrin2, OGG1 (p < 0.01) indicate that the redox milieu of skeletal muscle after 14 days of overloading is reduced. The present investigation revealed novel cellular interactions that regulate anabolic and catabolic processes in the hypertrophy of skeletal muscle.


Assuntos
Cistationina beta-Sintase/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Animais , Hipertrofia/genética , Hipertrofia/metabolismo , Hipertrofia/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas/genética , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Sirtuínas/genética , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
9.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 40(8): 767-777, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34108109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell-derived cardiac constructs may have a potential in cardiomyogenesis of a distressed myocardium, obtaining polarity in cardiac constructs, such as via myocyte alignment, may be crucial to achieve a maximum contractile force for better clinical outcomes. We herein hypothesized that transplantation of an aligned cardiac tissue derived from iPS cells has therapeutic effects in a porcine ischemic cardiomyopathy model as a preclinical trial. METHODS: Aligned cardiac tissues were developed by culturing high-purity iPS cell-derived cardiomyocytes in xeno-free conditions and transplanting them into infarct porcine hearts (iPS-CM group, n = 7; control, n = 6). Three months after treatment, therapeutic efficacy was evaluated functionally and histologically. RESULTS: In vitro assessment revealed that the aligned cardiac tissue containing high purity cardiomyocytes contracted homogeneously and had excellent mechanical properties. In the in vivo study, the left ventricular ejection fraction of the iPS-CM group was significantly greater than that of the control group, 3 months after transplantation (37.8% ± 2.3% vs 28.3% ± 2.5%, p < 0.05). Pathologically, attenuated interstitial fibrosis, attenuation of hypertrophied cardiomyocytes, and an increased capillary density were also prominent in the iPS-CM group. A limited amount of engraftment of the transplanted tissue maintaining tissue alignment was observed at 2 weeks after transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: The creation of large-scale functional aligned cardiac tissue was feasible, and the transplantation of the aligned tissue improved cardiac function with angiogenesis and antifibrotic effects in a porcine cardiomyopathy model.

11.
Respir Physiol Neurobiol ; 293: 103721, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34153544

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The present study aimed to measure diving response, CO2 sensitivity and forced vital capacity in male and female breath-hold divers (BHDs), and to determine their effect on breath-hold diving performance. METHODS: This study included 8 non-divers (NDs, 4 males and 4 females) and 15 BHDs (7 males and 8 females). For NDs, diving response was measured during breath-holding with facial immersion, whereas for BHDs CO2 sensitivity was also measured. RESULTS: Compared to NDs, BHDs showed a prominent diving response. In BHDs, no statistically significant sex differences were observed in diving response and CO2 sensitivity. Furthermore, a positive correlation was found between performance and the % forced vital capacity in BHDs. CONCLUSION: It was suggested that % forced vital capacity contributed more significantly to performance than diving response and CO2 sensitivity. Furthermore, the higher performance of male divers compared to female divers may be due to the % forced vital capacity rather than the diving response and CO2 sensitivity.

12.
J Thorac Dis ; 13(5): 2746-2757, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164167

RESUMO

Background: This study retrospectively examined the association between elevated trans-pulmonary gradient (TPG), which reflects pre-capillary contribution to pulmonary hypertension (PH), and postoperative pulmonary hemodynamics and outcomes following restrictive mitral annuloplasty (RMA) in patients with pre-existing PH. Methods: Pre- and postoperative (1 month) cardiac catheterization was performed in 64 patients with severely impaired left ventricular function (i.e., ejection fraction ≤40%) and pre-existing PH (mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) ≥25 mmHg) who underwent RMA. Patients were segregated into two groups: low TPG (≤12 mmHg) and elevated TPG (>12 mmHg). The mean follow-up period was 54±27 months. The primary outcome seen was a change in pulmonary hemodynamics after RMA; secondary outcomes were composite adverse events, including all-cause mortality and readmission for heart failure. Results: Compared to the low TPG group, patients in the elevated TPG group were more likely to show a postoperative mean PAP of ≥25 mmHg (84% vs. 38%), TPG of >12 mmHg (79% vs. 11%), and pulmonary vascular resistance of ≥240 dynes/sec/cm-5 (84% vs. 6.7%) (all P<0.001), although both groups showed comparable degrees of mitral regurgitation improvement. Serial echocardiography demonstrated that Doppler-derived systolic PAP, which once decreased in both groups, remained stable in the low group while steadily increasing in the elevated group (group effect P<0.001). Patients with elevated TPG had lower freedom from composite adverse events (5-year, 20% vs. 70%, P=0.003). After adjusting for baseline covariates, the elevated TPG was independently associated with increased risk of adverse events (adjusted hazard ratio 2.9, 95% CI: 1.2-6.9, P=0.017). Conclusions: Elevated TPG negatively affects postoperative pulmonary hemodynamics and late outcomes in patients with advanced cardiomyopathy and pre-existing PH who have undergone RMA. These findings suggest that the assessment of TPG should be included in post-RMA risk stratification.

13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 7292, 2021 03 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790393

RESUMO

Clinical outcomes of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) may be improved using targeted delivery system. We investigated the efficacy of ONO1301 (prostacyclin agonist) nanospheres (ONONS) in Sugen5416/hypoxia rat models of PAH. The rats were injected with saline (control) or ONONS (n = 10, each) on days 21 and 28, respectively. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-expressing fibroblasts and inflammatory cytokines were measured. Cardiac performance was assessed and targeted delivery was monitored in vivo, using Texas red-labeled nanoparticles. Compared with control, HGF-expressing fibroblasts and HGF expression levels were significantly higher in the ONONS group, while the levels of interleukin-6, interleukin-1ß, transforming growth factor-ß, and platelet-derived growth factor were lower. Histological assessment revealed significant amelioration of the percent medial wall thickness in pulmonary vasculature of rats in the ONONS group. Rats in the ONONS group showed decreased proliferating cell nuclear antigen-positive smooth muscle cells and improved right ventricle pressure/left ventricle pressure. No difference was seen in the accumulation of Texas red-labeled nanoparticles in the brain, heart, liver, and spleen between PAH and normal rats. However, a significant area of nanoparticles was detected in the lungs of PAH rats. ONONS effectively ameliorated PAH, with selective delivery to the damaged lung.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Nanocápsulas/química , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Epoprostenol/agonistas , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito/genética , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Interleucinas/genética , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética , Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Artéria Pulmonar/citologia , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
14.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794161

RESUMO

Ventricular septal rupture after acute myocardial infarction is a fatal complication with a very high in-hospital mortality. Herein, we describe a new repair technique using a 1st patch for exclusion of the infarcted myocardium and a 2nd sutureless patch for rupture site closure with a novel tissue adhesive (Hydrofit®). Follow-up of over 2 years revealed a good clinical course and no residual interventricular shunt on echocardiography. This modified infarct exclusion technique with a 2nd sutureless patch has a benefit of avoiding stitches to the fragile infarcted myocardium and might be effective in preventing interventricular shunt recurrence after ventricular septal rupture.

15.
Circ J ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33828021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the association between diabetic status and outcomes after surgery, as well as with survival benefit following bilateral internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafting, remain largely unknown.Methods and Results:Patients (n=188; mean [±SD] age 67±9 years) with LV ejection fraction ≤40% who underwent isolated initial CABG were classified into non-diabetic (n=64), non-insulin-dependent diabetic (NIDM; n=74), and insulin-dependent diabetic (IDM; n=50) groups. During follow-up (mean [±SD] 68±47 months), the 5-year survival rate was 84% and 65% among non-diabetic and diabetic patients, respectively (P=0.034). After adjusting for all covariates, both NIDM and IDM were associated with increased mortality, with hazard ratios (HRs) of 1.9 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0-3.7; P=0.049) and 2.4 (95% CI 1.2-4.8; P=0.016), respectively. Among non-diabetic patients, there was no difference in the 5-year survival rate between single and bilateral ITA grafting (86% vs. 80%, respectively; P=0.95), whereas bilateral ITA grafting increased survival among diabetic patients (57% vs. 81%; P=0.004). Multivariate analysis revealed that bilateral ITA was significantly associated with a decreased risk of mortality (HR 0.3; 95% CI 0.1-0.8; P=0.024). CONCLUSIONS: NIDM and IDM were significantly associated with worse long-term clinical outcome after CABG for severe LV dysfunction. Bilateral ITA grafting has the potential to improve survival in diabetic patients with severe LV dysfunction.

16.
Intern Med ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840700

RESUMO

Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare malignant tumor with peritoneal thickening. Tuberculous peritonitis also shows peritoneal thickening, so differentiating between the two is important but difficult if latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is present. We herein report a patient with MPM and LTBI. A 79-year-old man was diagnosed with peritoneal thickening on computed tomography. Interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) results were positive, suggesting tuberculous peritonitis. He underwent a laparoscopic omental biopsy and was diagnosed with MPM, which can occur together with LTBI. If peritoneal thickening is observed, an IGRA should be performed early, and the possibility of LTBI should be considered.

17.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 99, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) worsening in patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) and its impact on late right ventricular (RV) failure. METHODS: We enrolled 147 patients of the 184 patients who underwent continuous-flow LVAD implantations from 2005 to March 2018. The prevalence of postoperative TR worsening and late RV failure were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty (TAP) was performed in 28 of 41 patients (68%) with preoperative TR greater than or equal to moderate (TR group) and in 23 of 106 patients (22%) with preoperative TR less than or equal to mild (non-TR group). Regarding the TR-free rates, despite receiving or not receiving concomitant TAP, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (TR group: p = 0.37; non-TR group: p = 0.42). Of the 9 patients with postoperative TR greater than or equal to moderate, late RV failure developed in 3 patients, with TR worsening after RV failure in each case. During follow-up, 16 patients (11%) had late RV failure. As for the late RV failure-free rates, despite receiving or not receiving concomitant TAP, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (TR group: p = 0.37; non-TR group: p = 0.96). CONCLUSIONS: TR prognosis was preferable regardless of a patient receiving concomitant TAP; however, the presence of postoperative TR seemed to unrelated to late RV failure. Prophylactic TAP might not be necessary to prevent late RV failure.


Assuntos
Anuloplastia da Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Coração Auxiliar , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/epidemiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/prevenção & controle , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/prevenção & controle
18.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 60(3): 689-696, 2021 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779701

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study aimed to clarify the incidence, determinants and clinical impact of left ventricular (LV) function non-recovery after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: A total of 490 patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy (LV ejection fraction ≤ 40%) undergoing CABG were analysed. Follow-up echocardiography was performed at 1 month, 1 year, and annually thereafter. LV function recovery was defined as ejection fraction (EF) ≥40% at least once during follow-up. LV function non-recovery was defined as EF <40% at any follow-up. The primary and secondary end points were changes in LV function and all-cause mortality, respectively. Clinical follow-up was completed in 461 patients (94.1%; mean follow-up: 64.5 ± 45.5 months). RESULTS: During follow-up, echocardiographic assessments were performed 1863 times (mean, 3.8 ± 2.4), and 193 patients (39.4%) exhibiting LV function non-recovery were identified. Overall survival was significantly higher in the recovery group (53.9%) than in the non-recovery group (31.4%) at 10 years (P < 0.001). Independent predictors of LV function non-recovery were preoperative LV end-systolic diameter [odds ratio (OR) 1.07, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.10; P < 0.001] and bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting (OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.39-0.95; P = 0.028). In a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model, LV function non-recovery was significantly associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 2.14, 95% CI 1.60-2.86; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Almost 40% of patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy undergoing CABG did not achieve LV function recovery and were associated with poor prognosis. To achieve LV function recovery, CABG with bilateral internal thoracic artery may be recommended before excessive LV remodelling occurs. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Institutional review board of Osaka University Hospital, number 16105.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Cardiomiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/cirurgia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
19.
Med Sci Sports Exerc ; 53(9): 1855-1864, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731655

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the hypothesis that type I collagen plays a role in increasing bone mineral density (BMD) and muscle stiffness, leading to low and high risks of fatigue fracture and muscle injury, respectively, in athletes. As a potential mechanism, we focused on the effect of the type I collagen alpha 1 chain gene (COL1A1) variant associated with transcriptional activity on bone and skeletal muscle properties. METHODS: The association between COL1A1 rs1107946 and fatigue fracture/muscle injury was evaluated in Japanese athletes. Effects of the polymorphism on tissue properties (BMD and muscle stiffness) and type I collagen α1/α2 chain ratios in muscles were examined in Japanese nonathletes. RESULTS: The C-allele carrier frequency was greater in female athletes with fatigue fracture than in those without (odds ratio = 2.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.17-5.77) and lower in female athletes with muscle injury than in those without (odds ratio = 0.46, 95% CI = 0.24-0.91). Prospective validation analysis confirmed that in female athletes, muscle injury was less frequent in C-allele carriers than in AA genotype carriers (multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio = 0.27, 95% CI = 0.08-0.96). Among female nonathletes, the C-allele of rs1107946 was associated with lower BMD and lower muscle stiffness. Muscle biopsy revealed that C-allele carriers tended to have a larger type I collagen α1/α2 chain ratio than AA genotype carriers (2.24 vs 2.05, P = 0.056), suggesting a higher proportion of type I collagen α1 homotrimers. CONCLUSION: The COL1A1 rs1107946 polymorphism exerts antagonistic effects on fatigue fracture and muscle injury among female athletes by altering the properties of these tissues, potentially owing to increased levels of type I collagen α1 chain homotrimers.

20.
Circ Rep ; 3(3): 178-181, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33738351

RESUMO

Background: Cardiogenic shock due to acute severe mitral regurgitation is characterized by multiple organ failure and acute pulmonary edema, leading to a high risk of mortality. Methods and Results: We report on a patient with acute, severe mitral regurgitation complicated by cardiogenic shock, refractory to both inotrope treatment and intra-aortic balloon pump support. The patient was successfully bridged to surgery with an Impella CP, a percutaneous left ventricular assist device. Conclusions: Mechanical support using an Impella CP can stabilize hemodynamics and may be used as a bridge to elective surgery for patients with mitral regurgitation with cardiogenic shock.

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