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1.
Connect Tissue Res ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602048

RESUMO

AIMS: Several studies have used animal models to examine knee joint contracture; however, few reports detail the construction process of a knee joint contracture model in a mouse. The use of mouse models is beneficial, as genetically modified mice can be used to investigate the pathogenesis of joint contracture. Compared to others, mouse models are associated with a lower cost to evaluate therapeutic effects. Here, we describe a novel knee contracture mouse model by immobilization using external fixation. METHODS: The knee joints of mice were immobilized by external fixation using a splint and tape. The passive extension range of motion (ROM), histological and immunohistochemical changes, and expression levels of fibrosis-related genes at 2 and 4 weeks were compared between the immobilized (Im group) and non-immobilized (Non-Im group) groups. RESULTS: The extension ROM at 4 weeks was significantly lower in the Im group than in the Non-Im group (p < 0.01). At 2 and 4 weeks, the thickness and area of the joint capsule were significantly greater in the Im group than in the Non-Im group (p < 0.01 in all cases). At 2 weeks, the mRNA expression levels of the fibrosis-related genes, except for the transforming growth factor-ß1, and the protein levels of cellular communication network factor 2 and vimentin in the joint capsule were significantly higher in the Im group (p < 0.01 in all cases). CONCLUSION: This mouse model may serve as a useful tool to investigate the etiology of joint contracture and establish new treatment methods.

2.
Neurosci Res ; 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440224

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) modulates pain. Studies have indicated that TRPV1 is upregulated in the spinal dorsal horn in the neuropathic pain model, but its mechanism is unknown. Here, we examined the mechanism by which TRPV1 modulates neuropathic pain by employing partial sciatic nerve ligation (pSNL) in adult male C57BL/6 J (wild-type: WT) and TRPV1 knockout (Trpv1-/-) mice. We analyzed mechanical/heat sensitivities (von Frey test/hot plate test) and glial/neuronal activities (Iba-1/GFAP/FosB by immunofluorescence) in laminae I and II in the L5 ipsilateral dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Mechanical/heat sensitivities, expression levels of microglial Iba-1 and astrocytic GFAP, and the number of FosB-positive neurons were significantly increased on days 7 and 14 in the pSNL group compared with the sham-operated and non-operated groups of both WT and Trpv1-/- mice. While mechanical sensitivity was comparable between WT and Trpv1-/- mice, the threshold against heat sensitivity was markedly prolonged in Trpv1-/- than WT mice on day 14 after pSNL. Conversely, the increment of FosB positive neurons was significantly attenuated in Trpv1-/- than WT mice on days 7 and 14 after pSNL. These results suggest that TRPV1 may modulate thermal perception via increased astrocytes in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord.

3.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 28(3): 2309499020975580, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33272082

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Constitutional varus in the coronal plane is formed based on the Hueter-Volkmann's law. The varus deformity occurs at the proximal metaphysis of the tibia and the tibial condyle rotates medially. In the sagittal plane, we hypothesized that the posterior slope angle of the tibial articular surface may also occur at the proximal metaphysis and the tibial condyle rotates posteriorly. The purpose of this study was to verify the hypothesis. METHODS: A total of 208 patients who underwent TKA had lateral view proximal tibia digital radiograph on which seven parameters were analyzed. The posterior slope angle of the tibial articular surface relative to the anterior wall of the tibial condyle and that relative to the anterior cortex of the tibial shaft were assessed. Correlation between the position of the tibial condyle and the posterior slope angle of the articular surface were assessed. RESULTS: The proximal tibial condyle itself did not have a posterior slope in the 86.5% of the participants. Posterior rotation of the tibial condyle created posterior slope of the tibial articular surface relative to the anterior cortex of the tibial shaft. The more tibial condyle was posteriorly rotated, the more the tibial articular surface shifted posteriorly. CONCLUSION: Study findings showed that the posterior tibial slope occurs at the proximal metaphysis of the tibia, and the tibial condyle rotates posteriorly. The posterior tibial slope involves the posterior shift of the tibial articular surface. The posterior tibial slope is mainly created by the posterior rotation of the tibial condyle.

4.
Yonago Acta Med ; 63(4): 246-254, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253339

RESUMO

Background: Owing to the increase in the older population and the increased life span, the number of patients with oral multiple primary carcinomas will increase. Predicting the second and third carcinoma clinically is difficult, and the presence of second or third carcinomas is a factor that determines the prognosis of oral carcinoma. In this study, we examined the clinical features of oral multiple primary carcinomas treated in our department. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma who underwent radical treatment at and were followed by the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tottori University Hospital from January 2003 to October 2017. Results: This study included 261 patients: 241 patients had oral single primary carcinoma and 20 patients had oral multiple primary carcinomas. Oral multiple primary carcinomas showed female predilection and occurred more frequently in the lower gingiva and significantly less frequently in the tongue (P < 0.01). Oral multiple primary carcinomas showed a significantly higher recurrence rate (P < 0.01). The 5-year overall survival of oral single primary carcinoma patients was 88.0% compared with 95% for oral multiple primary carcinomas, with no significant difference (log rank test, P = 0.54). However, the 15-year survival rate dropped to 28.1% in oral multiple primary carcinomas. The cumulative disease incidence rates of metachronous second primary carcinoma from first carcinoma at 5 years and 10 years were 3.45% and 5.36%, respectively. Conclusion: Oral multiple primary carcinomas rarely occur in the tongue. The 5-year survival rate showed no difference between single and multiple carcinoma patients, but over longer observation, the prognosis of multiple carcinoma was poor owing to a high recurrence rate. Because of the high recurrence rate and risk of further metachronous carcinoma in oral multiple primary carcinomas, longer-term follow-up is required.

5.
Yonago Acta Med ; 63(4): 255-265, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253348

RESUMO

Background: Use of the Glatzel mirror for measuring expiratory nasal flow in preschool children has the disadvantage of vagueness, and the mirror may induce fear and inhibition of interest in those children. In response to these limitations, we developed a new device with dual cameras for measuring expiratory nasal flow in 2 to 6 year old children. The aim of this study is to compare the Glatzel mirror and the new device, in terms of accurate assessment of expiratory nasal flow, children's feelings, and correlation to each child's profile. Methods: This study evaluated 20 cleft lip and palate patients and 21 healthy children aged between 2 and 6 (under 7) years. After consent was granted, a 4-week screening period was undertaken followed by inspection at weeks 8, 16, 24, and 32. Each inspection was conducted while the children were asked to pronounce various sounds and comprised three stages: i) use of the Glatzel mirror, ii) subjective visual assessment using the new device, and iii) image recording by dual cameras of the new device. Questionnaires for the new device were administered at the initial and final inspections. To contrast the results between the Glatzel mirror and the new device, the numbers that indicated values of subjective visual assessment and camera assessment greater than the assessment values of the Glatzel mirror were compared. For measuring the children's responses to the new device compared with those to the Glatzel mirror, the answers to the questionnaires were compared. For the comparison of the children's profiles (age and sex) and feelings, the numbers of subjects who could use the new device were measured. Results: The camera assessment of the new device indicated significantly greater values than that of the Glatzel mirror (P < 0.05). The feelings of the subjects to the new device mostly improved as the study progressed. Subjects aged 3 years and older were generally able to use the new device from the initial inspection. For both sexes, as the inspection progressed, the number occasions of successful use increased. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the superiority of the new device with dual cameras to the Glatzel mirror in terms of functionality and attitude of children.

6.
Int J Infect Dis ; 102: 73-78, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the factors associated with mortality among patients with necrotizing soft-tissue infection (NSTI) in Japan using inpatient data from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) Database. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using a population retrieved from the Japanese DPC inpatient database of patients who underwent surgical operations from 2014 through 2017. The associations between the covariates and mortality were estimated using multivariate logistic regression models. RESULTS: In total, 4597 patients were registered in this study, with an overall mortality rate of 6.9%. Multilevel logistic regression analysis revealed that higher age, lower body mass index (BMI<18.5kg/m2), pre-existing cancer diagnosis, sepsis at admission, maintenance dialysis, antithrombin III use, and anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) antibiotic use were associated with a high mortality rate among NSTI patients. However, sex, underlying diabetes mellitus, ambulance use at admission, intravenous immunoglobulin use, higher hospital case volume, and frequency of operations were not associated with mortality. CONCLUSION: This study is the first to report the association of lower BMI, antithrombin III use, and anti-MRSA antibiotic use with a higher mortality rate among NSTI patients.

7.
Bone Rep ; 13: 100718, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024798

RESUMO

This study aimed to clarify whether novel cotton-like composite made of ß-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP) and poly(Dl-lactide-co-glycolide) (PDLGA) has a different effect on in vivo bone regeneration after bone defect than that of granular ß-TCP. Five male Beagle dogs served as subjects. Cortical and medullary bone defect as non-through holes were made at the diaphysis of the bilateral femurs. One side was implanted with ß-TCP/PDLGA (ß-TCP/PDLGA group) and the other side was implanted with granular ß-TCP (ß-TCP group). At 4 weeks after implantation, we found no significant differences in the percentages of newly formed bone area and fibrous tissue area in the bone defect between the two groups. The ß-TCP/PDLGA group showed more uniform filling on the surface and earlier disappearance of the material in the medullary region, and there were fewer inflammatory cells and osteoclasts in the bone defect in the ß-TCP/PDLGA group. In conclusion, ß-TCP/PDLGA performs better at filling the bone defect uniformly and disappears earlier at the cortical and medullary regions while causing less inflammation and bone resorption. Although bone formation activity of the ß-TCP/PDLGA group in the cortical region was lower, the newly formed bone volume in bone defect of the ß-TCP/PDLGA group was equal to that of the ß-TCP group.

8.
J Neuroendocrinol ; 32(8): e12892, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32761684

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) causes chronic joint pain and significantly impacts daily activities. Hence, developing novel treatment options for OA has become an increasingly important area of research. Recently, studies have reported that exogenous, as well as endogenous, hypothalamic-neurohypophysial hormones, oxytocin (OXT) and arginine-vasopressin (AVP), significantly contribute to nociception modulation. Moreover, the parvocellular OXT neurone (parvOXT) extends its projection to the superficial spinal dorsal horn, where it controls the transmission of nociceptive signals. Meanwhile, AVP produced in the magnocellular AVP neurone (magnAVP) is released into the systemic circulation where it contributes to pain management at peripheral sites. The parvocellular AVP neurone (parvAVP), as well as corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH), suppresses inflammation via activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. Previously, we confirmed that the OXT/AVP system is activated in rat models of pain. However, the roles of endogenous hypothalamic-neurohypophysial hormones in OA have not yet been characterised. In the present study, we investigated whether the OXT/AVP system is activated in a knee OA rat model. Our results show that putative parvOXT is activated and the amount of OXT-monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 positive granules in the ipsilateral superficial spinal dorsal horn increases in the knee OA rat. Furthermore, both magnAVP and parvAVP are activated, concurrent with HPA axis activation, predominantly modulated by AVP, and not CRH. The OXT/AVP system in OA rats was similar to that in systemic inflammation models, including adjuvant arthritis; however, magnocellular OXT neurones (magnOXT) were not activated in OA. Hence, localised chronic pain conditions, such as knee OA, activate the OXT/AVP system without impacting magnOXT.

9.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 38(6): 894-902, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32656645

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rapid descent in bone mineral density (BMD) and ascent in bone turnover marker (BTM) occur within the short period following denosumab (Dmab) discontinuation. In addition, the incidence of vertebral fracture also rises within the short period. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of sequential therapy using zoledronic acid (ZOL) on any adverse events after Dmab discontinuation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a multicenter retrospective observational study, and the subjects were osteoporosis patients who visited our institutions between 2013 and 2018. We performed sequential therapy using ZOL for 30 patients who had difficulty continuing Dmab, due to physical or social reasons, and investigated the fracture incidence and BMD/BTM changes at 4 time points (at the start of Dmab, the start of ZOL, 6 months after ZOL and 12 months after ZOL). RESULTS: No new vertebral/nonvertebral fractures were observed at each time point after switching from Dmab to ZOL in any of the 30 patients. The BMD/BTM changes were evaluated in 18 of the 30 cases, since all data of lumbar/femoral neck BMDs and TRACP-5b at 4 time points was only available in 18 cases. BMDs significantly increased at each time point compared with that at the start of Dmab. Serum TRACP-5b significantly decreased at each time point compared with that at the start of Dmab. CONCLUSION: It was suggested that sequential therapy using ZOL could suppress the decrease of BMD, and increase of BTM, if the period of Dmab administration was less than 3 years.


Assuntos
Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Suspensão de Tratamento , Ácido Zoledrônico/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Denosumab/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/sangue , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/sangue , Ácido Zoledrônico/efeitos adversos
10.
Mol Pain ; 16: 1744806920943334, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32686583

RESUMO

The neurohypophysial hormone oxytocin (OXT) is synthesized in the hypothalamic paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei. Recently, some studies have considered OXT to be important in sensory modulation and that the OXT protein is upregulated by acute and chronic nociception. However, the mechanism by which OXT is upregulated in neurons is unknown. In this study, we examined the resting membrane potentials and excitatory postsynaptic currents in OXT-ergic neurons in the paraventricular nucleus in adjuvant arthritis rat model, a model of chronic inflammation, using whole-cell patch-clamping. Transgenic rats expressing OXT and monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 (mRFP1) fusion protein to visualize the OXT-ergic neurons were used, and the OXT-mRFP1 transgenic rat model of adjuvant arthritis was developed by injection of heat-killed Mycobacterium butyricum. Furthermore, the feedback system of synthesized OXT was also examined using the OXT receptor antagonist L-368,899. We found that the resting membrane potentials and frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents and spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents in OXT-monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 neurons in the paraventricular nucleus were significantly increased in adjuvant arthritis rats. Furthermore, L-368,899 dose-dependently increased the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents and spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents in OXT-ergic neurons. Following bath application of the GABAA receptor antagonist picrotoxin and the cannabinoid receptor 1 antagonist AM 251, L-368,899 still increased the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents. However, following bath application of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor Nω-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride, L-368,899 did not alter the miniature excitatory postsynaptic current frequency. Thus, it is suggested that OXT-ergic neuron activity is upregulated via an increase in glutamate release, and that the upregulated OXT neurons have a feedback system with released endogenous OXT. It is possible that nitric oxide, but not GABA, may contribute to the feedback system of OXT neurons in chronic inflammation.

11.
J UOEH ; 42(2): 167-173, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507840

RESUMO

The distinction between bacterial infectious and noninfectious arthritis is typically challenging in the early stages; however, it is critical for treatment decision making. Here, we investigated the diagnostic relevance of alpha- and beta-defensin levels in serum and synovial fluid as biomarkers of joint infection in patients presenting with fever and arthritis. The study included 12 patients who presented with fever (≥37°C) and arthritis (pain in the knee or hip joint). The diagnostic criteria for periprosthetic joint infection proposed by the Musculoskeletal Infection Society were used to detect joint infection and categorize the patients into infection and non-infection groups. Alpha-defensin-1 and beta-defensin-3 levels in serum and synovial fluid were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. No significant between-group difference was observed with respect to serum alpha-defensin-1 levels; however, synovial fluid alpha-defensin-1 levels were significantly higher in the infection group (33.6 ± 26.2 ng/ml) than in the non-infection group (0.9 ± 0.4 ng/ml). No significant between-group differences were observed with respect to serum or synovial fluid beta-defensin-3 levels. Furthermore, synovial fluid alpha-defensin-1 levels were increased in patients without prosthesis in the infection group. In conclusion, in patients with fever and arthritis, synovial fluid alpha-defensin-1 levels were significantly higher in patients with infectious arthritis than in those with noninfectious arthritis. Therefore, synovial fluid alpha-defensin-1 levels is a useful diagnostic marker for joint infection.


Assuntos
Artrite/diagnóstico , Líquido Sinovial/química , alfa-Defensinas/análise , Biomarcadores/análise , Humanos
12.
Bone Rep ; 12: 100268, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373678

RESUMO

Calcium balance is important in bone homeostasis. The transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) channel is a nonselective cation channel permeable to calcium and is activated by various physiological and pharmacological stimuli. TRPV1 and TRPV4, in particular, have important roles in intracellular Ca2+ signaling and extracellular calcium homeostasis in bone cells. TRPV1 and TRPV4 separately mediate osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation, and deficiency in any of these channels leads to increased bone mass. However, it remains unknown whether bone mass increases in the absence of both TRPV1 and TRPV4. In this study, we used TRPV1 and TRPV4 double knockout (DKO) mice to evaluate their bone mass in vivo, and osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation in vitro. Our results showed that DKO mice and wild type (WT) mice had no significant difference in body weight and femur length. However, the results of dual-energy X-ray absorption, microcomputed tomography, and bone histomorphometry clearly showed that DKO mice had higher bone mass than WT mice. Furthermore, DKO mice had less multinucleated osteoclasts and had lower bone resorption. In addition, the results of cell culture using flushed bone marrow from mouse femurs and tibias showed that osteoclast differentiation was suppressed, whereas osteoblast differentiation was promoted in DKO mice. In conclusion, our results suggest that the increase in bone mass in DKO mice was induced not only by the suppression of osteoclast differentiation and activity but also by the augmentation of osteoblast differentiation and activity. Our findings reveal that both the single deficiency of TRPVs and the concurrent deficiency of TRPVs result in an increase in bone mass. Furthermore, our data showed that DKO mice and single KO mice had varying approaches to osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation in vitro, and therefore, it is important to conduct further studies on TRPVs regarding the increase in bone mass to explore not only individual but also a combination of TRPVs.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32117068

RESUMO

Various types of acute/chronic nociceptive stimuli cause neuroendocrine responses such as activation of the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial [oxytocin (OXT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP)] system and hypothalamo-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. Chronic multiple-arthritis activates the OXT/AVP system, but the effects of acute mono-arthritis on the OXT/AVP system in the same animals has not been simultaneously evaluated. Further, AVP, not corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), predominantly activates the HPA axis in chronic multiple-arthritis, but the participation of AVP in HPA axis activation in acute mono-arthritis remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to simultaneously evaluate the effects of acute mono-arthritis on the activity of the OXT/AVP system and the HPA axis. In the present study, we used an acute mono-arthritic model induced by intra-articular injection of carrageenan in a single knee joint of adult male Wistar rats. Acute mono-arthritis was confirmed by a significant increase in knee diameter in the carrageenan-injected knee and a significant decrease in the mechanical nociceptive threshold in the ipsilateral hind paw. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the number of Fos-immunoreactive (ir) cells in the ipsilateral lamina I-II of the dorsal horn was significantly increased, and the percentage of OXT-ir and AVP-ir neurons expressing Fos-ir in both sides of the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular nuclei (PVN) was increased in acute mono-arthritic rats. in situ hybridization histochemistry revealed that levels of OXT mRNA and AVP hnRNA in the SON and PVN, CRH mRNA in the PVN, and proopiomelanocortin mRNA in the anterior pituitary were also significantly increased in acute mono-arthritic rats. Further, plasma OXT, AVP, and corticosterone levels were significantly increased in acute mono-arthritic rats. These results suggest that acute mono-arthritis activates ipsilateral nociceptive afferent pathways at the spinal level and causes simultaneous and integrative activation of the OXT/AVP system. In addition, the HPA axis is activated by both AVP and CRH in acute mono-arthritis with a distinct pattern compared to that in chronic multiple-arthritis.

14.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 28(1): 2309499020902592, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067563

RESUMO

PURPOSE: According to the concept of the constitutional varus, the tibial articular surface (TAS) has varus inclination. On the other hand, it has been reported that proximal tibia vara involved medial shift of the TAS. However, it has not been assessed whether varus inclination of the TAS has a correlation with the medial shift. We investigated whether varus inclination of the TAS has a correlation with the medial shift. If there is a correlation between two parameters, the influence of the medial shift of the TAS on the value of the hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle and the femorotibial angle should be considered. METHODS: A total of 112 patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty had anteroposterior view tibia digital radiograph on which five parameters were analyzed. Varus angle of the TAS, the distance between the mechanical axis and the anatomical axis on the articular surface, and the width of the articular surface were measured. RESULTS: The more the proximal tibia had varus deformity, the more the TAS shift medially would be. Therefore, the mechanical axis does not match the anatomical axis. Because the HKA angle was assessed based on the concept that the mechanical and anatomical axes match on the tibia, this angle may not express the true alignment of the lower extremity in knees with proximal tibia vara. CONCLUSION: In varus knees, the proximal tibia has a medial shift of the TAS that may influence the value of the HKA angle.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/diagnóstico , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteocondrose/congênito , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteocondrose/diagnóstico , Osteocondrose/cirurgia
15.
Neuroscience ; 406: 50-61, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826522

RESUMO

Despite the high incidence of neuropathic pain, its mechanism remains unclear. Oxytocin (OXT) is an established endogenous polypeptide produced in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus. OXT, which is synthesized by OXT neurons in the SON and the magnocellular part of the PVN (mPVN), is delivered into the posterior pituitary (PP), then released into the systemic blood circulation. Meanwhile, OXT-containing neurosecretory cells in the parvocellular part of the PVN (pPVN) are directly projected to the spinal cord and are associated with sensory modulation. In this study, the OXT system in the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial and hypothalamo-spinal pathway was surveyed using a rat neuropathic pain model induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSL). In the present study, we used transgenic rats expressing an OXT-monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 (mRFP1) fusion gene. In a neuropathic pain model, mechanical allodynia was observed, and glial cell activation was also confirmed via immunohistochemistry. In this neuropathic pain model, a significant increase in the OXT-mRFP1 expression was observed in the PP, the SON, mPVN, and pPVN. Furthermore, OXT-mRFP1 granules with positive fluorescent reaction were remarkably increased in laminae I and II of the ipsilateral dorsal horn. Although the plasma concentrations of OXT did not significantly change, a significant increase of the mRNA levels of OXT and mRFP1 in the SON, mPVN, and pPVN were observed. These results suggest that neuropathic pain induced by PSL upregulates hypothalamic OXT synthesis and transportation to the OXTergic axon terminals in the PP and spinal cord.


Assuntos
Proteínas Luminescentes/biossíntese , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Ocitocina/metabolismo , Núcleo Hipotalâmico Paraventricular/metabolismo , Neuro-Hipófise/metabolismo , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas Luminescentes/análise , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Masculino , Vias Neurais/química , Vias Neurais/metabolismo , Ocitocina/análise , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia , Núcleo Hipotalâmico Paraventricular/química , Neuro-Hipófise/química , Ratos , Ratos Transgênicos , Ratos Wistar , Medula Espinal/química , Núcleo Supraóptico/química , Núcleo Supraóptico/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/fisiologia
16.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 45(5): 855-857, 2018 May.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30026451

RESUMO

We herein report a case of a consciousness disorder that was induced by the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion following cisplatin (CDDP) and 5 -fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy in a patient with tongue cancer. A 72- year-old woman complained of tongue pain and was admitted to our hospital for neoadjuvant chemotherapy, under a diagnosis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (T4aN2bM0). She was treated with CDDP and 5-FU. On the second day after administration, she complained of nausea and anorexia, and on the third day, she showed impaired consciousness. Laboratory studies revealed that the patient had a serum sodium concentration 112mEq/L, and no dehydration was noted. The patient was diagnosed with SIADH, using the appropriate diagnostic criteria based on serum and urine hypoosmolality. We subsequently discontinued chemotherapy and initiated fluid restriction and sodium supplements. Two days after this treatment, her consciousness level improved, and on the fifth day of treatment, laboratory studies revealed a serum sodium level of 134mEq/ L.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Transtornos da Consciência/induzido quimicamente , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Secreção Inadequada de HAD/etiologia , Neoplasias da Língua/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias da Língua/patologia
17.
Neurosci Lett ; 678: 76-82, 2018 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29733975

RESUMO

Pain management remains a major concern regarding the treatment of postoperative patients. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are considered to be new therapeutic targets for pain control. We investigated whether the genes Trpv1 and Trpv4 are involved in hind paw swelling caused after surgical incision in mice or in incision-induced Fos-like immunoreactivity (Fos-LI) levels in the central nervous system. Mice were divided into four groups: wild-type (WT) control, WT incision, Trpv1 knockout (Trpv1-/-) incision, and Trpv4 knockout (Trpv4-/-) incision. Mice were anesthetized, and only those in the incision, and not control, groups received a surgical incision to their right plantar hind paw. Changes in paw diameter and in Fos-LI levels in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN), paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus, and central amygdala were evaluated 2 h after the incision. There was no significant difference in the paw diameter among groups. In contrast, in laminae I-II of the dorsal horn of the spinal cord and PVN, Fos-LI was significantly higher in all incision groups than in the WT control group. A significant increase in Fos-positive cells was also observed in the dorsal horn laminae III-IV in Trpv1-/- and Trpv4-/- incision groups compared with the WT incision group. Our results indicate that surgical incision activates the PVN and that Trpv1 and Trpv4 might be involved in neuronal activity in the dorsal horn laminae III-IV after surgical incision.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Ferida Cirúrgica/metabolismo , Ferida Cirúrgica/patologia , Canais de Cátion TRPV/fisiologia , Animais , Membro Posterior/patologia , Membro Posterior/cirurgia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Corno Dorsal da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Ferida Cirúrgica/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPV/genética
18.
J Orthop Sci ; 23(2): 371-376, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29229239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that ceramic bipolar shows less impingement between stem neck and outer head compared to metal bipolar, because of its low coefficient of friction with the acetabulum cartilage. In this paper, a three dimensional (3D) postoperative motion analysis has been used to assess the different motion characteristics of metal and ceramic bipolar hip hemiarthroplasty systems. METHODS: This study was conducted on 40 patients divided in two matched cohorts: 20 patients with metal bipolar and 20 patients with the ceramic bipolar. We obtained motion pictures from standing position to maximum abduction in flexion by fluoroscopy then analyzed by 2D-3D image matching method. The motion range of the "Outer head angle", "Stem neck angle" and the "Stem neck and outer head angle" was compared between the metal bipolar group and the ceramic bipolar group. RESULTS: The metal bipolar group's inner head's range of movement was greater than the ceramic bipolar group. Impingement between stem neck and outer head occurred in 30% of metal group patients. There were no impingement cases for the ceramic bipolar group. CONCLUSIONS: The ceramic bipolar shows less impingement between stem neck and outer head compared to the metal bipolar. Ceramic bipolar may reduce the typical bipolar related complication and exert less effect on the acetabular cartilage due to less surface coefficient of friction.


Assuntos
Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Imageamento Tridimensional , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cerâmica , Estudos de Coortes , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Hemiartroplastia/instrumentação , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Metais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Postura , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Neuroscience ; 356: 64-77, 2017 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28527956

RESUMO

We evaluated whether a c-fos-enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) transgenic rat line, which expresses the c-fos and eGFP fusion gene, can be useful for the study of nociceptive pathways and processing. Capsaicin solution (15%) or formalin (5%) was subcutaneously injected bilaterally into the hind paws (100µL per each paw) of adult male c-fos-eGFP transgenic or wild-type rats. Control rats were injected with ethanol or physiological saline respectively. Transgenic and wild-type rats were perfused at 1.5, 3 and 6h post injection, with some transgenic rats being perfused 24h post injection. A comparison of eGFP in transgenic rats and Fos-like immunoreactivity (LI) in wild-type rats was made in the dorsal spinal cord, paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and supraoptic nucleus (SON). Oxytocin-LI (OXT-LI) was carried out to examine the activation of OXT neurons in the PVN and SON. Following capsaicin or formalin treatment, eGFP was maximally expressed at 6h in the spinal cord and 3h in the PVN and SON, whereas, Fos-LI was maximally expressed at 1.5h in all the regions we analyzed. Induction of eGFP in the OXT neurons was observed after capsaicin or formalin treatment, while Fos-LI in the OXT neurons was observed only after formalin treatment. These results demonstrate that the peak induction of c-fos-eGFP following exposure to acute nociceptive stimuli was delayed by around 1.5-4.5h, but more sensitive than endogenous Fos, suggesting that the c-fos-eGFP rat line can be useful for the study of nociceptive pathways and processing.


Assuntos
Capsaicina/farmacologia , Formaldeído/farmacologia , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Animais , Arginina Vasopressina/metabolismo , Genes fos/genética , Neurônios/metabolismo , Núcleo Hipotalâmico Paraventricular/metabolismo , Ratos Transgênicos , Núcleo Supraóptico/metabolismo
20.
J Arthroplasty ; 32(1): 161-165.e1, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27444850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) acetabular liners used in cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) have demonstrated better wear resistance at 10 years compared with conventional polyethylene (CPE) liners. No clinical studies have compared XPLE to CPE liners beyond 10 years. METHODS: We performed a 15-year retrospective cohort study on cementless THA performed in patients with developmental hip dysplasia to measure the differences in polyethylene wear rates and the presence of osteolysis. Twenty-four THAs with XLPE and 17 THAs with CPE were evaluated. The mean age of patients was 55.9 years (41-68) in the XLPE group and 54.4 years (40-67) in the CPE group. The mean follow-up period was 15.1 years (13.9-16.1) in the XLPE group and 15.2 years (14.5-16.0) in the CPE group. RESULTS: The XLPE group had a significantly lower wear rate at 5 and 10 years compared with the CPE group; however, no significant difference was found at 15 years (XLPE group, 0.040 mm/y; CPE group, 0.034 mm/y). In addition, the incidence of osteolysis did not differ significantly between the groups. However, the incidence of excessive wear between 10 and 15 years after surgery in the XLPE group was significantly higher than that in the CPE group. CONCLUSION: XLPE demonstrated no advantage in the wear rate or the incidence of osteolysis at 15 years, despite having superior wear resistance up to 10 years. It is concerning that the incidence of excessive wear was higher in the XLPE group between 10 and 15 years, and this finding should alert the arthroplasty community to this possible problem with the more highly cross-linked polyethylene.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Osteólise/etiologia , Polietileno/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese/etiologia , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteólise/epidemiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
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