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1.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009075

RESUMO

AIM: The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident dramatically changed the lifestyle of residents who lived near the plant. We evaluated the association of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with specific lifestyle- and disaster-related factors in residents following the accident. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 20,920 residents who underwent both the Comprehensive Health Check and the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 to March 2012. Associations between MetS and lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including psychological distress (post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD]), were estimated using logistic regression analysis, adjusted for demographic and lifestyle factors, in 2019. RESULTS: MetS was present in 30.4% of men and 11.5% of women. There were significant differences in smoking, drinking status, and PTSD prevalence between subjects with and without MetS. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age, quitting smoking, light to moderate drinking, and low physical activity were significantly associated with MetS. Moreover, PTSD was also significantly associated with MetS in women. CONCLUSIONS: Lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including PTSD, were associated with MetS among subjects who lived near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18486, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895781

RESUMO

We have been examining the Comprehensive Health Check of the Fukushima Health Management Survey of residents of 13 municipalities who were forced by the government to evacuate due to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). Our findings showed that evacuation is a risk factor for polycythemia and suggested that experiencing an unprecedented disaster and exposure to chronic stress due to evacuation might be a cause of polycythemia.We analyzed the relationship between the prevalence of polycythemia and the following factors observed in the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey in an observational study with a cross-sectional design: traumatic symptoms, depression status, socioeconomic factors such as residential environment, and working situation after the GEJE. Target population of the survey included men and women who were at least 15 years of age and who lived in the evacuation zones specified by the government. Participants analyzed consisted of 29,474 persons (12,379 men and 16,888 women) who had participated in both the 2011 Comprehensive Health Check and Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 through March 2012.The prevalence of polycythemia was not associated with mental states associated with traumatic symptoms (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Scale ≥ 44) and depression status (Kessler 6-item Scale ≥ 13). Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that there was a tendency for males to develop polycythemia, with characteristics such as being aged 65 years and older, highly educated, obese (body mass index ≥ 25), hypertensive, diabetic, having liver dysfunction, and a smoker being significantly related to the prevalence of polycythemia.Our findings conclusively demonstrated that polycythemia was not significantly related to psychological factors, but was significantly related to the onset of lifestyle-related disease after the GEJE.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Policitemia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causalidade , Comorbidade , Terremotos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Policitemia/etiologia , Policitemia/psicologia , Prevalência , Tsunamis , Adulto Jovem
3.
Pediatr Int ; 2020 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Group A rotaviruses (RVs) are a major cause of severe gastroenteritis among infants and young children. In Japan, RV vaccines were introduced in 2011, leading to a reduction in severe gastroenteritis cases. Studies are required to assess the effectiveness of the vaccines and their effect on the prevalence of RV genotypes. METHODS: Faecal samples were collected from outpatients with RV gastroenteritis in a paediatric clinic in Sapporo, Japan, from 2010 to 2016. GPI genotypes were determined using RT-PCR. Clinical information and immunization records were obtained from outpatients after 2013. GPI genotypes and clinical features were compared between patients with and without a RV vaccine history. RESULTS: In total, 270 cases were genotyped. G1P[8]I1 (Wa-like G1P[8]) strains were dominant in 2010 to 2012. G1P[8]I2 (DS-1-like G1P[8]) strains appeared in 2012 and dominated in 2013 to 2015. G2P[4]I2 and G9P[8]I1 strains increased every 3 years (G2P[4]I2: 2011 and 2014, G9P[8]I1: 2010, 2013 and 2016). After the 2013 season, 137 cases were collected, 24 of which were vaccinated. Cases requiring drip infusion were fewer in the vaccination group than in the non-vaccination group (16.7% vs 52.2%). No patients required hospitalization in the vaccination group compared with 10.6% in the non-vaccination group. A severe Vesikari score was less common in the vaccination group than in the non-vaccination group (33.3% vs 78.8%). There was no significant difference in the GPI genotype distribution between the two groups. CONCLUSION: RV vaccine effectiveness, regardless of GPI genotype, was confirmed in terms of alleviation of disease severity.

4.
Pediatr Int ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine the longer-term trends in childhood obesity and hyperlipidemia among residents of Fukushima Prefecture 5 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: We evaluated the changes in height, weight, body mass index (BMI), BMI SD score, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-CHO), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-CHO), and triglyceride (TG) in residents aged 7 to 15 years who had lived in the evacuation zone between 2011 and 2015. RESULTS: 1) The mean BMI SD score in all residents in 2011 was 0.113, and the mean BMI SD score in all residents gradually decreased from 2011 to 2015. 2) Serum LDL-CHO levels and TG levels in all residents with a BMI value≧+2SD in 2011 were higher than those in residents with a BMI value < +2SD. 3) The frequency of residents with an LDL-CHO level ≧140 mg/dl in 2012, 2013, 2014 did not decrease in comparison with that in 2011, whereas the frequency of residents with an LDL-CHO level ≧140 mg/dl in 2015 was lower than that in 2011. The frequency of residents with a TG level ≧120 mg/dl increased over the 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a number of pediatric residents suffered from obesity and hyperlipidemia. Furthermore, the long-term observation indicated an improvement in obesity, although the improvement in lipid abnormalities was delayed compared with that in obesity. Thus, it is necessary to continue with health checks for these residents with obesity and/or hyperlipidemia.

5.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 317(6): F1420-F1429, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482731

RESUMO

Typical hemolytic uremic syndrome is caused by Shiga toxin (Stx2) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Escherichia coli and leads to acute kidney injury. The role of innate immunity in this pathogenesis is unclear. We analyzed the role of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) at the onset of disease in a murine model. C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally administered saline (group A), anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody (group B), Stx2 and LPS to elicit severe disease (group C), or Stx2, LPS, and anti-HMGB1 antibody (group D). While all mice in group C died by day 5 of the experiment, all mice in group D survived. Anemia and thrombocytopenia were pronounced and plasma creatinine levels were significantly elevated in group C only at 72 h. While at 72 h after toxin administration the glomerulus tissue in group C showed pathology similar to that of humans, mesangial cell proliferation was seen in group D. Plasma HMGB1 levels in group C peaked 3 h after administration and were higher than those in other groups. Expression of the receptor of advanced glycation end products and NF-κB, involved in HMGB1 signaling, was significantly elevated in group C but not in group D. Administration of anti-HMGB1 antibody in a murine model of severe disease inhibited plasma HMGB1 and promoted amelioration of tissue damage. HMGB1 was found to be involved in the disease pathology; therefore, controlling HMGB1 activity might inhibit disease progression.

6.
Pediatr Int ; 61(8): 802-806, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the epidemiology and clinical course of children with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated encephalopathy. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data for 280 patients from a questionnaire survey of acute encephalitis/encephalopathy (AE/E) in Fukushima Prefecture. We enrolled six patients diagnosed with RSV-associated encephalopathy from these 280 patients, and retrospectively investigated the clinical features and prognosis. RESULTS: Six (2.1%) of the 280 patients with AE/E were found to have RSV-associated encephalopathy. The age at onset and male-to-female ratio were 1.3 ± 0.5 years and 2:4, respectively. The mean duration of fever and the duration of loss of consciousness were 3.7 ± 1.5 days (range, 2-6 days), and 3.3 ± 2.3 days (range, 2-8 days), respectively. Four patients had leukocytosis and two patients had high serum C-reactive protein. On admission, one child presented with normal renal and hepatic function, but, high serum ferritin, renal and hepatic dysfunction, and disseminated intravascular coagulation were observed along with progressive multiple organ failure, with the patient dying on the second day of hospitalization. On computed tomography of the brain, five patients had brain edema and one patient had a low-density area. Two of the six children had sequelae while three children had no sequelae. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of RSV-associated encephalopathy in all AE/E patients was 2.1% Given that half of the children with RSV-associated encephalopathy had sequelae or death, the prognosis for RSV-associated encephalopathy is not particularly good and it is necessary to pay careful attention to patients with RSV-associated encephalopathy.

7.
Pediatr Neurol ; 98: 61-67, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute encephalitis and encephalopathy are life-threatening diseases in children. However, no laboratory examinations are performed for their early diagnosis and treatment. Alpha 2-macroglobulin (α2M) is a blood glycoprotein that increases during the early stages of inflammation. In the present study, we investigated the role of α2M levels in acute encephalitis and encephalopathy. METHODS: We analyzed the cerebrospinal fluid and serum samples from patients with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, infection-related acute encephalopathy, febrile status epilepticus, and febrile seizure simplex type. Samples were collected from the pediatric department of hospitals throughout the Fukushima Prefecture between January 1, 1999, and May 31, 2012. RESULTS: α2M levels in the cerebrospinal fluid were 4.7 (3.8-8.4) µg/mL for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, 2.1 (1.1-2.3) µg/mL for infection-related acute encephalopathy, 1.1 (0.9-6.4) µg/mL for febrile status epilepticus, and 1.0 (0.8-1.1) µg/mL for febrile seizure simplex type. α2M levels in patients with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis were significantly higher than those in patients with infection-related acute encephalopathy and febrile seizure simplex type (P = 0.019 and P = 0.002, respectively). The ratio of α2M level in the cerebrospinal fluid to that in the serum in patients with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis was significantly higher than the ratio in patients with febrile status epilepticus (P = 0.04). In patients with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, α2M levels in the cerebrospinal fluid decreased with treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that α2M levels in the cerebrospinal fluid reflect the neuroinflammatory status of patients with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.

8.
Pediatr Res ; 86(4): 485-491, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31086291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Animal models of nephrotic syndrome (NS) revealed that tight junction (TJ)-like structures are generated together with a concomitant decrease in slit diaphragms (SDs). Claudins (CLDNs) are capable of forming TJ strands and thereby the backbone of TJs. We showed the ectopic expression of CLDN2 in podocytes in pediatric NS, and detected its localization. METHODS: Renal frozen specimens were obtained by biopsy from 49 pediatric patients: 21 subjects with MCD, 18 with FSGS, and 10 with IgA nephritis (IgA-N). CLDN2 expression was observed by immunohistochemistry and the CLDN2-positive area was calculated. Moreover, its localization was detected using immunoelectron microscopy. RESULTS: CLDN2 is ectopically detected in cases with MCD and FSGS before remission. The CLDN2-stained region in MCD and FSGS glomeruli before remission was significantly greater than that after remission as well as in IgA-N patients. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed that CLDN2 was concentrated along newly formed TJs in podocytes. CONCLUSION: The same pathological findings in terms of ectopic CLDN2 expression in podocytes were shown in cases with MCD and FSGS before remission. Immunofluorescence and immunoelectron studies of CLDN2 appear to afford a powerful tool for the diagnosis of primary NS. In addition, CLDN2 expression level may be related to disease status.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parechovirus A3 (PeV-A3) is a pathogen that causes severe infectious diseases such as sepsis and meningoencephalitis in neonates and young infants. In this study, we aimed to measure the neutralizing antibody titer (NAT) against PeV-A3 in paired maternal and cord blood samples and to clarify the serum epidemiology of PeV-A3 and the association between the NAT and perinatal factors. METHODS: NATs against PeV-A3 were measured in 1033 mothers (maternal and cord blood pairs; total of 2066 samples) who delivered their infant in Fukushima Prefecture between December 2013 and June 2014. RD-18S cells were used to measure NATs against PeV-A3. The association between NATs against PeV-A3 in maternal and cord blood and perinatal factors was determined using multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The median gestational age of the infants was 39 weeks 4 days (interquartile range, 38 weeks 4 days to 40 weeks 3 days). The NATs against PeV-A3 in maternal blood and in cord blood were almost the same. The proportion of samples assigned to the low-titer group (NAT ≤ 1:16) was approximately 70%, and the proportion of samples assigned to the high-titer group tended to increase with gestational age. The high-titer rate and geometric mean titers decreased with increased maternal age. CONCLUSIONS: Cord blood indicates that neonates born at a lower gestational age and older mothers have a low NAT against PeV-A3. Thus, more attention should be paid to the onset of severe PeV-A3 disease in such neonates and young infants.

10.
Case Rep Emerg Med ; 2019: 3591258, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032123

RESUMO

Dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by sustained muscle tone. Antipsychotic agents sometimes cause acute dystonia that can rapidly worsen within a few hours or days. Because healthy children rarely receive antipsychotic agents, it is unusual to see antipsychotic agent-induced dystonia in pediatric emergency departments. We report a rare case of a 12-year-old healthy boy who presented with acute dystonia after administration of haloperidol for sedation. He was suspected of laryngeal dystonia because stridor and desaturation were present. The symptoms disappeared with the administration of hydroxyzine. Rapid diagnosis was important in this case because laryngeal dystonia is a potential life-threatening complication due to upper airway obstruction. Considering the risk of side effects, doctors who are not accustomed to administering pediatric anesthesia should consult a pediatrician and/or an anesthesiologist prior to administration of anesthetics to pediatric patients.

11.
Am J Perinatol ; 36(14): 1464-1470, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30703808

RESUMO

To date, few studies have investigated whether perinatal factors affect coagulation parameters at birth in preterm and term neonates. We retrospectively investigated coagulation factors on day 1 in 609 consecutive neonates admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit between January 2010 and December 2017. We measured coagulation factors on day 1 using peripheral blood samples. Multivariate analysis revealed that prothrombin time-international normalized ratio correlated with intraventricular hemorrhage (p = 0.000; ß = 0.180) and placental abruption (PA; p = 0.000; ß = 0.142). Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) correlated with birth weight (BW; p = 0.000; ß = - 0.217), gestational age (GA; p = 0.000; ß = - 0.282), and PA (p = 0.000; ß = 0.181). Fibrinogen concentration was associated with respiratory distress syndrome (p = 0.007; ß = - 0.114), pregnancy-induced hypertension (p = 0.000; ß = - 0.141), and Apgar score at 1 minute (p = 0.043; ß = 0.147). Furthermore, the level of d-dimer inversely correlated with Apgar score at 5 minutes (p = 0.049). Finally, antithrombin III levels positively correlated with GA (p = 0.000) and BW (p = 0.000). Thus, maternal and neonatal complications affect coagulation parameters in preterm and term neonates.

12.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 38(5): 496-499, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a slow virus infectious disease resulting from persistent infection with mutant measles virus. At present, there is no effective treatment for SSPE. Interferon-α and inosine pranobex have both been used for the treatment of SSPE, and partial success has been reported for the antiviral drug, ribavirin (RBV). The standardization of dosage method is necessary to carry out treatment with RBV more safely and effectively. In this study, RBV concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were monitored during the intraventricular administration using a subcutaneous continuous infusion pump. METHODS: Three patients with new-onset SSPE were treated with RBV using a subcutaneous continuous infusion pump. On days 3-10 after the start of RBV infusion, CSFs were obtained by lumbar tap, and the concentration of RBV in the CSF was measured using high-performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS: RBV concentration increased in a dose-dependent manner in all 3 patients, and the target concentration could be generally maintained without any severe side effects. We observed that the clinical symptoms were temporarily relieved in each case. In the 2 cases for whom treatment is continuing, the patients remain in stage III, while the patient who discontinued the therapy progressed to stage IV. CONCLUSION: The target RBV concentration in the CSF could be maintained continuously by intraventricular administration using a subcutaneous continuous infusion pump. The accumulation of further cases is necessary to confirm the safety and efficacy of this medical treatment.

14.
Fukushima J Med Sci ; 64(3): 142-150, 2018 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30369521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To clarify the predictive factors for poor outcome in pediatric C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN), we retrospectively evaluated the relationship between the clinico-pathological findings and prognosis in cases of pediatric C3GN. METHODS: We enrolled 18 patients diagnosed with C3GN. These patients were divided into two groups, four patients in the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) group and 14 patients in non-ESRD group, based on clinical status at the last examination. Patients in the non-ESRD group were further divided into Subgroup A, consisting of 6 treatment responders, and Subgroup B, consisting of 8 non- responders. The clinical and laboratory findings, as well as the histological findings were investigated for each group. RESULTS: The frequency of nephrotic syndrome at onset in the ESRD group was higher than that in the non-ESRD group. Before treatment and at 2 years after treatment, urinary protein excretion levels and serum creatinine levels in the ESRD group were higher than those in the non-ESRD group. The mean serum C3 and CH50 levels at 2 years after treatment in the ESRD group were lower than those in the non-ESRD group. The degree of renal injury, level of mesangial deposits and degree of alpha SMA staining at the time of the first renal biopsy in the ESRD group were all higher than those in the non-ESRD group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the severity of C3GN at onset and persistent complements activity are associated with poor prognosis in C3GN.


Assuntos
Complemento C3/metabolismo , Glomerulonefrite/imunologia , Criança , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite/patologia , Glomerulonefrite/terapia , Humanos , Rim/imunologia , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(42): e12890, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335013

RESUMO

Dramatic lifestyle changes due to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident increased the prevalence of hepatobiliary enzyme abnormalities (HEA). We aimed to evaluate associations of HEA with specific lifestyle- and disaster-related factors in residents who lived near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.This cross-sectional study included 22,246 residents who underwent a Comprehensive Health Check and the Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey from June 2011 to March 2012. Residents were divided into 2 groups based on residential area and housing status after the accident. Associations between HEA and lifestyle- and disaster-related factors, including psychological distress, were estimated using logistic regression analysis adjusted for demographic and lifestyle factors.HEA was present in 27.3% of subjects. The prevalence of HEA was significantly higher in evacuees than controls (29.5% vs 25.7%, P < .001). There were significant differences in various lifestyle characteristics and the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder between evacuees and controls. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age, sex, moderate to heavy drinking, and low/no physical activity were significantly associated with HEA regardless of evacuation status. Changes in jobs and unemployment were significantly associated with HEA in controls and evacuees, respectively.Lifestyle and disaster-related factors, but not psychological distress, were associated with HEA among subjects who lived near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.


Assuntos
Doenças Biliares/psicologia , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Estilo de Vida , Hepatopatias/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Sistema Biliar/enzimologia , Doenças Biliares/epidemiologia , Doenças Biliares/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Eliminação Hepatobiliar , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Fígado/enzimologia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Hepatopatias/etiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
17.
PLoS One ; 13(5): e0196721, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29795567

RESUMO

We investigated the relationship of neonatal and maternal serum creatinine (nSCr and mSCr, respectively) with various maternal/infant characteristics at different gestational ages (GA). We reviewed medical records of neonates admitted to NICU. We collected data on birth weight, GA, Apgar scores, medications, etc. Spearman's test was used to analyze the correlation between serum creatinine and continuous variables, and the Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests for continuous variables between groups. The changes in nSCr, mSCr, and nSCr/mSCr ratio because of gestational age and the points in gestational changes in trends were estimated using joinpoint trend analysis. From 614 neonate and mother pairs, we found that nSCr was significantly correlated with GA. However, mSCr at >28 wks decreased with GA. The nSCr/mSCr ratio was correlated with GA. In infants born <29 weeks, pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) (p = 0.000, ß = 0.20) and mSCr (p = 0.000, ß = 0.73) were significantly associated with nSCr. In term infants, maternal magnesium administration (p = 0.000, ß = 0.25), respiratory distress syndrome (p = 0.013, ß = 0.16), PIH (p = 0.005, ß = 0.19), and mSCr (p = 0.000, ß = 0.33) were significantly associated with nSCr. nSCr reflected mSCr at all gestational ages. The correlation between nSCr and mSCr in preterm infants (p = 0.000, ß = 0.74) was stronger than in term infants (p = 0.000, ß = 0.34).


Assuntos
Creatinina/sangue , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/sangue , Índice de Apgar , Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/sangue , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Masculino , Gravidez , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/sangue
18.
CEN Case Rep ; 7(1): 69-72, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29305810

RESUMO

Rituximab (RTX) is effective for treating childhood refractory nephrotic syndrome (NS), such as steroid-dependent (SD), frequently relapsing (FR), and steroid-resistant (SR) NS. While RTX has been proven to be effective in treating SDNS, FRNS, and SRNS, it may cause serum sickness, a rare illness characterized by fever, rash, and arthralgia, 10-14 days after primary antigen exposure or within a few days after secondary antigen exposure, by producing human anti-chimeric antibodies (HACAs). A 17-year-old girl with refractory SDNS treated with RTX and oral cyclosporine A was admitted with fever and arthralgia 10 days after the fifth RTX dose was administered. After RTX was started when she was 14-years-old, SDNS remission was then achieved, and prednisolone was discontinued. Although antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents were administered, fever and arthralgia continued. After various inspections and clinical course, we considered her as RTX-induced serum sickness (RISS). The patient had an elevated HACA level and was diagnosed with RISS. Fever and arthralgia disappeared 5 days after onset. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of RISS with NS. Fever, rash, and arthralgia after RTX administration can be the initial symptoms.

19.
Antivir Ther ; 23(5): 435-441, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29372885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune response after intravenous peramivir administration, which is approved for children with influenza infection in Japan, is unclear. METHODS: Kinetics of viral load and serum cytokine levels before and after peramivir therapy were analysed in 17 and 8 hospitalized children infected with influenza A and B, respectively. Additionally, haemagglutination inhibition (HI) titre was measured. The first day of hospital admission was defined as day 0. RESULTS: Serum interleukin (IL)-6 levels in influenza-A-infected children significantly decreased after peramivir administration, unlike in those with influenza B where a decrease on day 1 was followed by an increase on day 2. Serum IL-6 kinetics were similar to viral load kinetics in both influenza-A- and B-infected children between days 0 and 2. Serum IL-8 levels gradually decreased after peramivir therapy in influenza-A-infected children but increased between days 1 and 2 in influenza-B-infected children. Conversely, serum IL-10 levels gradually decreased over time. Serum interferon-γ and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor levels remained low until day 5. Day 0-4 serum HI titres were <4-fold in all children infected with influenza A or B. Additionally, day 5 HI titres were positive in 4 of 6 influenza A cases and all 3 influenza B cases. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that viral load and inflammatory cytokine kinetics were associated with the antiviral therapy used and that second peramivir administration should be considered in influenza B. The results also highlight antiviral agents as key determinants of the clinical course of influenza virus infection in children.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Ciclopentanos/uso terapêutico , Guanidinas/uso terapêutico , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Influenza B/efeitos dos fármacos , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/sangue , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/imunologia , Testes de Inibição da Hemaglutinação , Hospitalização , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactente , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/genética , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/genética , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza B/genética , Vírus da Influenza B/imunologia , Influenza Humana/sangue , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Influenza Humana/virologia , Interferon gama/sangue , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Interleucina-8/sangue , Interleucina-8/imunologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 22(4): 917-923, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29197971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To clarify the long-term efficacy of multiple-drugs combination therapy (PWDM) and tonsillectomy pulse therapy (TPT) for pediatric IgA nephropathy (IgAN), we retrospectively evaluated the clinical and laboratory findings as well as the prognosis for IgAN patients treated with each treatment at long-term follow-up. METHODS: We collected data on 61 children who had been diagnosed with severe IgAN. The children were retrospectively divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 44 severe IgAN children treated with PWDM, and Group 2 consisted of 17 severe IgAN children treated with TPT. The clinical features, pathological findings, and prognosis were analyzed for both groups. RESULTS: The mean urinary protein excretion, serum creatinine, IgA levels, MESTCG scores, and percentage of glomeruli showing crescents in both groups at the second renal biopsy were lower than those at the first renal biopsy. At the time of the second biopsy, the IgA level in Group 2 was lower than that in Group 1; however, there were no significant differences in the mean urinary protein excretion, frequency of hematuria, serum albumin, creatinine, or e-GFR between the two groups. At the most recent follow-up, there were no significant differences in prognosis between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that PWDM and TPT are effective in ameliorating urinary abnormalities and improving the long-term outcome of pediatric IgAN.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA/complicações , Tonsilectomia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
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