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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556432

RESUMO

An 81-year-old female presented with chronic coronary disease (Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina severity grading III). The patient underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) that revealed three-vessel coronary artery disease (3VD). This case illustrates that in a patient with 3VD, planning and execution of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were successfully performed based solely on CCTA combined with fractional flow reserve derived from computed tomography angiography (FFRCT). Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was planned and executed as follows: left internal mammary artery grafted to the left anterior descending artery (LAD), saphenous vein graft (SVG) to the right coronary artery (RCA), and SVG to the obtuse marginal artery (OM). Repeat imaging assessment with non-invasive CCTA and FFRCT at 30-day follow-up confirmed the safety of this approach. The FFRCT values of the RCA and LAD were normalized, whereas a borderline pressure drop was observed in the distal run-off of the OM (FFRCT=0.79). Notably, this is the first case in which post-CABG FFRCT assessment was performed. Post-CABG FFRCT is an investigational novel non-invasive tool for assessing the functional improvement of the epicardial conductance vessels following surgical revascularization.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical and/or economic reasons sometimes necessitate the staging of percutaneous coronary intervention (SPCI) procedures in patients with complex coronary artery disease; however, the impact of this on very long-term outcomes is unknown. The aim of the present study is to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with the three-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main disease (LM) undergoing SPCI. METHODS: This is a sub-analysis of patients undergoing SPCI in the SYNTAXES study, which investigated 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with 3VD and/or LM in the randomized SYNTAX trial, beyond its original 5-year follow-up. An SPCI was allowed within 72 h or, if renal insufficiency or contrast-induced nephropathy occurred, within 14 days of the index procedure. Mortality was compared between patients having SPCI versus those not having SPCI or undergoing CABG. PCI patients were further stratified according to 3VD or LM. RESULTS: In the SYNTAX PCI population (overall: n = 903, 3VD: n = 546, LM: n = 357), 125 (13.8%) patients underwent SPCI. Patients with SPCI had a higher 10-year mortality compared to those who didn't (40.0% vs 26.6%; hazard ratio [HR] 1.69; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23-2.32; p < 0.01) and those having CABG(40.0% vs 24.5%; HR 1.85; 95%CI 1.35-2.53; p < 0.01). Patients having SPCI with 3VD (n = 103) or LM (n = 22) had higher mortality than respective patients not having SPCI (3VD: 37.4% vs 27.1%; HR 1.52; 95%CI 1.05-2.21; p = 0.03 and LM: 51.8% vs 25.9%; HR 2.39; 95%CI 1.27-4.47; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: At 10-year follow-up, SPCI was associated with higher mortality than single-session PCI, so that CABG may be preferable if a staged procedure is anticipated.

3.
Int J Cardiol ; 341: 9-12, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The significant interaction between major infection and 5-year mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) for complex coronary artery disease (CAD) was observed previously. However, the very long-term outcomes beyond 5 years remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a subgroup analysis of the SYNTAX Extended Survival (SYNTAXES) trial, which is the extended follow-up of the randomized SYNTAX trial comparing PCI versus CABG in patients with three-vessel disease (3VD) or left-main CAD (LMCAD). Out of 1517 patients enrolled in the SYNTAX trial with available survival status from 5 to 10 years, 140 patients had experienced major infections and survived at 5 years (major infection group). From 5 to 10 years, the mortality of major infection group was 19.8% whereas the mortality of no major infection group was 15.1% (p = 0.157). After the adjustment of other clinical factors, the risk of mortality from 5 to 10 years did not significantly differ between major infection and no major infection groups (HR: 1.10; 95% CI: 0.62-1.96; p = 0.740). When stratified by the presence or absence of periprocedural major infections, defined as a major infection within 60 days after index procedure, there was also no significant difference in 10-year mortality between two groups (30.8% vs. 24.5%; p = 0.057). CONCLUSIONS: Despite the initial association between major infections and 5 years mortality, postprocedural major infection was not evident in the 10 years follow-up, suggesting that the impact of major infection on mortality subsided over time beyond 5 years. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAXES ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050 SYNTAX ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972.

4.
Glob Heart ; 16(1): 54, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381675

RESUMO

Objectives: We aimed to compare the quantitative angiographic aortic regurgitation (AR) into the left ventricular out flow tract (LVOT-AR) of five different types of transcatheter self-expanding valves and to investigate the impact of the learning curve on post-TAVR AR. Background: Quantitative video densitometric aortography is an objective, accurate, and reproducible tool for assessment of AR following TAVR. Methods and results: This retrospective academic core-lab analysis, analyzed 1150 consecutive cine aortograms performed immediately post-TAVR. Quantitative angiographic AR of post-procedural aortography in 181 consecutive patients, who underwent TAVR with the Venus A-valve in a single Chinese center, were compared to the results of Evolut Pro, Evolut R, CoreValve, (Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) and Acurate Neo (Boston Scientific, Massachusetts, US) transcatheter heart valves (THVs), from a previously published pooled database. Among the 181 aortograms of patients treated with the Venus A-Valve, 113 (62.4%) were analyzable for quantitative assessment of AR. The mean LVOT-AR was 8.9% ± 10.0% with 14.2% of patients having moderate or severe AR in the Venus A-valve group. No significant difference in mean LVOT-AR was observed between Evolut Pro, Evolut R, Acurate Neo, and Venus A-valve. The incidence of LVOT-AR >17%, which correlates with echocardiographic derived ≥ moderate AR, with the Evolut Pro was lower than with the Venus A-valve (5.3% vs. 14.2%, p = 0.034), but was not different from the Evolut R (5.3% vs. 8.8%, p = 0.612), or the Acurate Neo (5.3% vs. 11.3% p = 0.16) systems. A landmark analysis after recruitment of the first half of patients treated with the Venus A valve (N = 56), showed a significantly lower mean LVOT-AR in the second half of the series (11.3% ± 11.9% vs. 6.5% ± 7.1%, p = 0.011). The incidence of LVOT-AR >17% in the latest 57 cases was also numerically lower (7.0% vs. 21.4%, p = 0.857) and compared favorably with the best in class of the self-expanding valves. Conclusion: The Venus A-valve has comparable mean LVOT-AR to other self-expanding valves but has a higher rate of moderate or severe AR than the Evolut Pro THV. However, after completion of a learning phase, results improved and compared favorably with the best in class of the commercially available self-expanding valves. These findings should be confirmed in prospective randomized comparisons of AR between different THVs.

5.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(7): 713-736, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384554

RESUMO

Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) has shown great technological improvements over the last 2 decades. High accuracy of CTA in detecting significant coronary stenosis has promoted CTA as a substitute for conventional invasive coronary angiography in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. In patients with coronary stenosis, CTA-derived physiological assessment is surrogate for intracoronary pressure and velocity wires, and renders possible decision-making about revascularization solely based on computed tomography. Computed tomography coronary anatomy with functionality assessment could potentially become a first line in diagnosis. Noninvasive imaging assessment of plaque burden and morphology is becoming a valuable substitute for intravascular imaging. Recently, wall shear stress and perivascular inflammation have been introduced. These assessments could support risk management for both primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention. Anatomy, functionality, and plaque composition by CTA tend to replace invasive assessment. Complete CTA assessment could provide a 1-stop-shop for diagnosis, risk management, and decision-making on treatment.

6.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405232

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this article was to compare rates of all-cause death at 10 years following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with or without diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The SYNTAXES study evaluated up to 10-year survival of 1800 patients with three-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) randomized to receive either PCI or CABG in the SYNTAX trial. Ten-year all-cause death according to diabetic status and revascularization strategy was examined. In diabetics (n = 452), the risk of mortality was numerically higher with PCI compared with CABG at 5 years [19.6% vs. 13.3%, hazard ratio (HR): 1.53, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.96, 2.43, P = 0.075], with the opposite seen between 5 and 10 years (PCI vs. CABG: 20.8% vs. 24.4%, HR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.52, 1.27, P = 0.366). Irrespective of diabetic status, there was no significant difference in all-cause death at 10 years between patients receiving PCI or CABG, the absolute treatment difference was 1.9% in diabetics (PCI vs. CABG: 36.4% vs. 34.5%, difference: 1.9%, 95% CI: -7.6%, 11.1%, P = 0.551). Among insulin-treated patients (n = 182), all-cause death at 10 years was numerically higher with PCI (47.9% vs. 39.6%, difference: 8.2%, 95% CI: -6.5%, 22.5%, P = 0.227). CONCLUSIONS: The treatment effects of PCI vs. CABG on all-cause death at 10 years in patients with 3VD and/or LMCAD were similar irrespective of the presence of diabetes. There may, however, be a survival benefit with CABG in patients with insulin-treated diabetes. The association between revascularization strategy and very long-term ischaemic and safety outcomes for patients with diabetes needs further investigation in dedicated trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAX: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972 and SYNTAX Extended Survival: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050.

7.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(10): 1680-1691, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432113

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the impact of established cardiovascular disease (CVD) on 10-year all-cause death following coronary revascularization in patients with complex coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The SYNTAXES study assessed vital status out to 10 years of patients with complex CAD enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. The relative efficacy of PCI versus CABG in terms of 10-year all-cause death was assessed according to co-existing CVD. RESULTS: Established CVD status was recorded in 1771 (98.3%) patients, of whom 827 (46.7%) had established CVD. Compared to those without CVD, patients with CVD had a significantly higher risk of 10-year all-cause death (31.4% vs. 21.7%; adjusted HR: 1.40; 95% CI 1.08-1.80, p = 0.010). In patients with CVD, PCI had a non-significant numerically higher risk of 10-year all-cause death compared with CABG (35.9% vs. 27.2%; adjusted HR: 1.14; 95% CI 0.83-1.58, p = 0.412). The relative treatment effects of PCI versus CABG on 10-year all-cause death in patients with complex CAD were similar irrespective of the presence of CVD (p-interaction = 0.986). Only those patients with CVD in ≥ 2 territories had a higher risk of 10-year all-cause death (adjusted HR: 2.99, 95% CI 2.11-4.23, p < 0.001) compared to those without CVD. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of CVD involving more than one territory was associated with a significantly increased risk of 10-year all-cause death, which was non-significantly higher in complex CAD patients treated with PCI compared with CABG. Acceptable long-term outcomes were observed, suggesting that patients with established CVD should not be precluded from undergoing invasive angiography or revascularization. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAX: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972. SYNTAX Extended Survival: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050.

8.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(1): 27-38, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefit of optimal medical therapy (OMT) on 5-year outcomes in patients with 3-vessel disease and/or left main disease after percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was demonstrated in the randomized SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis is to assess the impact of the status of OMT at 5 years on 10-year mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention or CABG. METHODS: This is a subanalysis of the SYNTAXES (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Extended Survival) study, which evaluated for up to 10 years the vital status of patients who were originally enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. OMT was defined as the combination of 4 types of medications: at least 1 antiplatelet drug, statin, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker, and beta-blocker. After stratifying participants by the number of individual OMT agents at 5 years and randomized treatment, a landmark analysis was conducted to assess the association between treatment response and 10-year mortality. RESULTS: In 1,472 patients, patients on OMT at 5 years had a significantly lower mortality at 10 years compared with those on ≤2 types of medications (13.1% vs 19.9%; adjusted HR: 0.470; 95% CI: 0.292-0.757; P = 0.002) but had a mortality similar to those on 3 types of medications. Furthermore, patients undergoing CABG with the individual OMT agents, antiplatelet drug and statin, at 5 years had lower 10-year mortality than those without. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with 3-vessel and/or left main disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention or CABG, medication status at 5 years had a significant impact on 10-year mortality. Patients on OMT with guideline-recommended pharmacologic therapy at 5 years had a survival benefit. (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050; Taxus Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Quimioterapia Combinada/estatística & dados numéricos , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Período Pós-Operatório , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 10(7): 756-773, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212187

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor monotherapy beyond 1 month and up to 24 months vs. standard 12-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and ticagrelor followed by aspirin monotherapy among ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the GLOBAL LEADERS trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a post hoc analysis of STEMI patients in the GLOBAL LEADERS trial comparing experimental ticagrelor monotherapy (1062 patients) with standard 12-month DAPT (1030 patients). We evaluated predefined primary and secondary endpoints in both treatment arms. Rates of net adverse clinical events (NACE), patient-oriented composite endpoints (POCE), and bleeding academic research consortium (BARC)-defined bleeding Type 3 or 5 were also evaluated. At 2 years, there were no significant differences in rates of primary endpoints in patients who had STEMI [0.89 (0.61-1.31)]. There were similar rates of NACE and POCE in both experimental and reference treatment groups at 2 years post-PCI [hazard ratio (HR) 0.96 (0.77-1.20) and 0.96 (0.77-1.21), respectively]. BARC 3 or 5 bleeding events were numerically less in experimental compared to reference treatment groups at 1 year [HR 0.55 (0.27-1.13)] and 2 years [0.61 (0.32-1.16)]. CONCLUSION: Presentation with STEMI has not influenced the incidence of GLOBAL LEADERS defined primary endpoints. There were no significant differences in rates of NACE, POCE, and BARC bleeding between the two treatment groups up to 2 years of follow-up. Although these findings should be viewed as exploratory, they expand the evidence on potential safety of aspirin-free antiplatelet strategies after PCI in STEMI.

10.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(14): 1523-1534, 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to validate a dedicated software for quantitative videodensitometric angiographic assessment of mitral regurgitation (QMR). BACKGROUND: Quantitative videodensitometric aortography of aortic regurgitation using the time-density principle is a well-documented technique, but the angiographic assessment of mitral regurgitation (MR) remains at best semi-quantitative and operator dependent. METHODS: Fourteen sheep underwent surgical mitral valve replacement using 2 different prostheses. Pre-sacrifice left ventriculograms were used to assess MR fraction (MRF) using QMR and MR volume (MRV). In an independent core lab, the CAAS QMR 0.1 was used for QMR analysis. In vitro MRF and MRV were assessed in a mock circulation at a comparable cardiac output to the in vivo one by thermodilution. The correlations and agreements of in vitro and in vivo MRF, MRV, and interobserver reproducibility for QMR analysis were assessed using the averaged cardiac cycles (CCs). RESULTS: In vivo derived MRF by QMR strongly correlated with in vitro derived MRF, regardless of the number of the CCs analyzed (best correlation: 3 CCs y = 0.446 + 0.994x; R = 0.784; p =0.002). The mean absolute difference between in vitro derived MRF and in vivo derived MRF from 3 CCs was 0.01 ± 4.2% on Bland-Altman analysis. In vitro MRV and in vivo MRV from 3 CCs were very strongly correlated (y = 0.196 + 1.255x; R = 0.839; p < 0.001). The mean absolute difference between in vitro MRV and in vivo MRV from 3 CCs was -1.4 ± 1.9 ml. There were very strong correlations of in vivo MRF between 2 independent analysts, regardless of the number of the CCs. CONCLUSIONS: In vivo MRF using the novel software is feasible, accurate, and highly reproducible. These promising results have led us to initiate the first human feasibility study comprising patients undergoing percutaneous mitral valve edge-to-edge repair.

11.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(4): 384-407, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34294273

RESUMO

Over the last 4 decades, percutaneous coronary intervention has evolved dramatically and is now an acceptable treatment option for patients with advanced coronary artery disease. However, trialists have struggled to establish the respective roles for percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, especially in patients with multivessel disease and unprotected left-main stem coronary artery disease. Several pivotal trials and meta-analyses comparing these 2 revascularization strategies have enabled the relative merits of each technique to be established with regard to the type of ischemic syndrome, the coronary anatomy, and the patient's overall comorbidity. Precision medicine with individualized prognosis is emerging as an important method of selecting treatment. However, the never-ending advancement of technology, in conjunction with the emergence of novel pharmacological agents, will in the future continue to force us to reconsider the evolving question: "Which treatment strategy is better and for which patient?"

12.
EuroIntervention ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Xeltis biorestorative transcatheter heart valve (BTHV) leaflets are made from an eletrospun bioabsorbable supramolecular polycarbonate-urethane and are mounted on a self-expanding nitinol frame. Acute hemodynamic performance of this BTHV was favorable. AIMS: We sought to demonstrate preclinical feasibility of a novel BTHV by evaluating the hemodynamic performances of 5 pilot valve designs up to 12 months in a chronic ovine model. METHODS: Five design iterations (A, B, B', C, and D) of the BTHV were transapically implanted in 46 sheep; chronic data were available in 39 animals. Assessments were performed at implantation, 3-, 6-, and 12-months including quantitative aortography, echocardiography, and histology. RESULTS: At 12-months, greater than or equal to moderate AR on echocardiography was seen in 0%, 100%, 33.3%, 100%, and 0% in the iterations A, B, B', C, and D, respectively. Furthermore, transprosthetic mean gradients on echocardiography was 10.0±2.8mmHg, 19.0±1.0mmHg, 8.0±1.7mmHg, 26.8±2.4mmHg, and 11.2±4.1mmHg, and effective orifice area was 0.7±0.3cm2, 1.1±0.3cm2, 1.5±1.0cm2, 1.5±0.6cm2, and 1.0±0.4cm2 in the iterations A, B, B', C, and D, respectively. On pathological evaluation, the iteration D demonstrated generally intact leaflets and advanced tissue coverage, while different degrees of structural deterioration were observed in the other design iterations. CONCLUSIONS: Several leaflet material iterations were compared for potential to demonstrate endogenous tissue restoration in an aortic valve in-vivo. The most promising iteration showed intact leaflets and acceptable hemodynamic performance at 12 months, illustrating the potential of BTHV.

13.
Int J Cardiol ; 338: 168-173, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appropriate size selection of transcatheter heart valves (THVs) is fundamental to reduce transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) related complications, particularly paravalvular aortic regurgitation, new permanent pacemaker implantation, and annular rupture. We sought to investigate the frequency of operator selection of intermediate-size balloon-expandable Myval THVs (Meril Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd., India) for TAVI in a real-world dataset. METHODS: In this retrospective survey of patients treated with TAVI using the Myval THV, 20, 23, 26, and 29 mm are conventional-size THVs, 21.5, 24.5 and 27.5 mm are intermediate-size THVs, and 30.5 and 32 mm are extra-large THVs. Operator size selection for implantation was based on multislice computed tomography (MSCT) derived aortic-root dimensions. RESULTS: A total of 1115 patients underwent Myval THV implantation in 27 countries worldwide. The Myval intermediate-size THVs were used in 468 (42.0%) patients. MSCT data were available in 562 patients. There was no statistical difference between the Intermediate/Upsized and Appropriately sized groups or Intermediate/Downsized and Appropriately sized groups in terms of different variables measured with MSCT except for annular dimensions and degree of calcification. CONCLUSIONS: Intermediate-size Myval balloon-expandable THVs are used in nearly half of all cases in contemporary real-world TAVI practice, addressing the unmet need of TAVI operators for a more calibrated THV choice. Our hypothesis should be tested in randomized prospective studies currently initiated in Europe, including clinical outcomes of patients treated with both conventional- and intermediate-size THVs.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Índia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(22): 2761-2773, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal revascularization strategy for the elderly with complex coronary artery disease remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate 10-year all-cause mortality, life expectancy, 5-year major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and 5-year quality of life (QOL) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in elderly individuals (>70 years old) with 3-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main disease (LMD). METHODS: In the present pre-specified analysis on age of the SYNTAX Extended Survival study, 10-year all-cause death and 5-year MACCE were compared with Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox proportional hazards models among elderly or nonelderly patients. Life expectancy was estimated by restricted mean survival time within 10 years, and QOL status according to the Seattle Angina Questionnaire up to 5 years was assessed by linear mixed-effects models. RESULTS: Among 1,800 randomized patients, 575 patients (31.9%) were elderly. Ten-year mortality did not differ significantly between PCI and CABG in elderly (44.1% vs. 41.1%; hazard ratio [HR]: 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.84 to 1.40) and nonelderly patients (21.1% vs. 16.6%; HR: 1.30; 95% CI: 1.00 to 1.69; pinteraction = 0.332). Among elderly patients, 5-year MACCE was comparable between PCI and CABG (39.4% vs. 35.1%; HR: 1.18; 95% CI: 0.90 to 1.56), whereas it was significantly higher in PCI over CABG among nonelderly patients (36.3% vs. 23.0%; HR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.36 to 2.10; pinteraction = 0.043). There were no significant difference in life expectancy (mean difference: 0.2 years in favor of CABG; 95% CI: -0.4 to 0.7) and 5-year QOL status between PCI and CABG among elderly patients. CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients with 3VD and/or LMD had comparable 10-year all-cause death, life expectancy, 5-year MACCE, and 5-year QOL status irrespective of revascularization mode. (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050) (SYNTAX Study: TAXUS Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of balloon post-dilatation (BPD) on short- and long-term valve performance after Sapien 3 (S3) implantation is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of balloon post-dilatation (BPD) on short- and long-term valve performance after the implantation of S3. METHODS: A total of 846 patients implanted with S3 from the OCEAN-TAVI registry were included in this study. The patients were divided into BPD and non-BPD groups. The clinical outcomes and valve functions were compared. RESULTS: The BPD group included 173 (20.4%) patients and the non-BPD group comprised 673 (79.6%) patients. The prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) rates were significantly lower in the BPD group than in the non-BPD group before and after propensity score matching at in-hospital follow-up (before matching: 12 [7.1%] vs. 108 [16.3%], p = 0.002; after matching: 8 [6.3%] vs. 19 [14.8%], p = 0.027) and at 1-year follow-up (before matching: 14 [12.5%] vs. 112 [23.6%], p = 0.010; after matching: 9 [10.5%] vs. 19 [22.1%], p = 0.039). The rates of acute kidney injury, cardiac tamponade, and in-hospital cardiovascular death were significantly higher in the BPD group than in the non-BPD group (acute kidney injury: 22 [12.7%] vs. 33 [4.9%], p < 0.001; cardiac tamponade: 3 [1.7%] vs. 2 [0.3%], p = 0.028; in-hospital cardiovascular death: 4 [2.3%] vs. 3 [0.4%], p = 0.016). After matching, these clinical outcomes were similar between the BPD and non-BPD groups. CONCLUSIONS: The BPD group demonstrated better short- and long-term valve performance. Caution is needed to avoid procedure-related complications in patients undergoing BPD.

17.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(4): E513-E522, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the predictive ability of the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk score 2.0 in contemporary acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients, and its relation to antiplatelet strategies. BACKGROUND: The predictive value of the GRACE risk score in the contemporary ACS cohort and the appropriate antiplatelet regimen according to the risk remain unclear. METHODS: This is a subgroup analysis of the all-comers, randomized GLOBAL LEADERS trial, comparing ticagrelor monotherapy versus conventional dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The GRACE risk score 2.0 with 1-year mortality prediction was implemented. The randomized antiplatelet effect was assessed in predefined three GRACE risk-groups; low-risk (GRACE <109), moderate-risk (GRACE 109-140), and high-risk (GRACE >140). RESULTS: The GRACE risk score was available in 6,594 out of 7,487 ACS patients among whom 1,743, 2,823, and 2,028 patients were classified as low-risk, moderate-risk, and high-risk, respectively. At 1 year, all-cause mortality occurred in 120 patients (1.8%). The discrimination ability of the GRACE model was moderate (C-statistic = 0.742), whereas 1-year mortality risk was overestimated (mean predicted mortality rate: 3.9%; the Hosmer-Lemeshow chi-square: 21.47; p = 0.006). There were no significant interactions between the GRACE risk strata and effects of the ticagrelor monotherapy on ischemic or bleeding outcomes at 1 year compared to the reference strategy. CONCLUSION: The GRACE risk score 2.0 is valuable in discriminating high risk ACS patients, however, the recalibration of the score is recommended for better risk stratification. There is no significant differences in efficacy and safety of ticagrelor monotherapy across the three GRACE risk strata.

18.
Am Heart J ; 239: 19-26, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992606

RESUMO

Angiography-derived physiological assessment of coronary lesions has emerged as an alternative to wire-based assessment aiming at less-invasiveness and shorter procedural time as well as cost effectiveness in physiology-guided decision making. However, current available image-derived physiology software have limitations including the requirement of multiple projections and are time consuming. METHODS/DESIGN: The ReVEAL iFR (Radiographic imaging Validation and EvALuation for Angio-iFR) trial is a multicenter, multicontinental, validation study which aims to validate the diagnostic accuracy of the Angio-iFR medical software device (Philips, San Diego, US) in patients undergoing angiography for Chronic Coronary Syndrome (CCS). The Angio-iFR will enable operators to predict both the iFR and FFR value within a few seconds from a single projection of cine angiography by using a lumped parameter fluid dynamics model. Approximately 440 patients with at least one de-novo 40% to 90% stenosis by visual angiographic assessment will be enrolled in the study. The primary endpoint is the sensitivity and specificity of the iFR and FFR for a given lesion compared to the corresponding invasive measures. The enrollment started in August 2019, and was completed in March 2021. SUMMARY: The Angio-iFR system has the potential of simplifying physiological evaluation of coronary stenosis compared with available systems, providing estimates of both FFR and iFR. The ReVEAL iFR study will investigate the predictive performance of the novel Angio-iFR software in CCS patients. Ultimately, based on its unique characteristics, the Angio-iFR system may contribute to improve adoption of functional coronary assessment and the workflow in the catheter laboratory.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Software/normas , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Precisão da Medição Dimensional , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
19.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(3): E379-E387, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951265

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of total stent length (TSL) and average nominal stent diameter (ASD) on 10-year mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the SYNTAXES trial. BACKGROUND: TSL and ASD in patients treated with PCI are associated with major adverse cardiovascular events. However, the treatment effect of PCI with extensive and/or small stenting as compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for complex coronary artery disease has not been fully evaluated. METHODS: Impacts on mortality of extensive stenting defined as TSL >100 mm and small stenting as ASD <3 mm were analyzed in 893 PCI patients and were compared to 865 CABG patients. RESULTS: TSL as a continuous variable was significantly associated with 10-year mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.05 [1.01-1.09] per 10 mm increase). PCI patients with extensive stenting had a higher 10 year mortality than CABG patients (adjusted HR, 1.97 [1.41-2.74]) or not- extensive stenting PCI (adjusted HR, 1.94 [1.36-2.77]). Although ASD did not have a significant association with 10 year mortality (adjusted HR, 0.97 [0.85-1.11] per 0.25 mm increase), PCI with small stents was associated with a higher 10 year mortality, compared to CABG (adjusted HR, 1.66 [1.23-2.26]) and PCI performed with large stents (adjusted HR, 1.74 [1.19-2.53]). Patients treated with not-extensive and large stents had similar mortality rates (24.0 versus 23.8%) as those treated with CABG. CONCLUSIONS: Extensive and small stenting were associated with higher 10 year mortality, compared with CABG. When patients have to be treated with extensive or small stenting, revascularization with CABG should be preferred.

20.
Am J Cardiol ; 151: 30-38, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049676

RESUMO

Numerous studies have demonstrated a paradoxical association between higher baseline body mass index (BMI) and lower long-term mortality risk after coronary revascularization, known as the "obesity paradox", possibly relying on the single use of BMI. The current study is a post-hoc analysis of the SYNTAX Extended Survival (SYNTAXES) trial, which is the extended follow-up of the SYNTAX trial comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in patients with left-main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) or three-vessel disease (3VD). Patients were stratified according to baseline BMI and/or waist circumference (WC). Out of 1,800 patients, 1,799 (99.9%) and 1,587 (88.2%) had available baseline BMI and WC data, respectively. Of those, 1,327 (73.8%) patients had High BMI (≥25 kg/m2), whereas 705 (44.4%) patients had High WC (>102 cm for men or >88 cm for women). When stratified by both BMI and WC, 10-year mortality risk was significantly higher in patients with Low BMI/Low WC (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.65; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09 to 2.51), Low BMI/ High WC (adjusted HR: 2.74; 95% CI: 1.12 to 6.69), or High BMI/High WC (adjusted HR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.11 to 2.27) compared to those with High BMI/Low WC. In conclusion, the "obesity paradox" following coronary revascularization would be driven by low long-term mortality risk of the High BMI/Low WC group. Body composition should be assessed by the combination of BMI and WC in the appropriate evaluation of the long-term risk of obesity in patients with LMCAD or 3VD.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Mortalidade , Revascularização Miocárdica , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Circunferência da Cintura , Idoso , Composição Corporal , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
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