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ACS Nano ; 13(12): 14262-14273, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790198


Two-dimensional (2D) layered semiconductors have recently emerged as attractive building blocks for next-generation low-power nonvolatile memories. However, challenges remain in the controllable fabrication of bipolar resistive switching circuit components from these materials. Here, the experimental realization of lateral memtransistors from monolayer single-crystal molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) utilizing a focused helium ion beam is reported. Site-specific irradiation with the focused probe of a helium ion microscope creates a nanometer-scale defect-rich region, bisecting the MoS2 lattice. The reversible drift of these defects in the applied electric field modulates the resistance of the channel, enabling versatile memristive functionality. The device can reliably retain its resistance ratios and set/reset biases for 1180 switching cycles. Long-term potentiation and depression with sharp habituation are demonstrated. This work establishes the feasibility of ion irradiation for controllable fabrication of 2D memristive devices with promising key performance parameters, such as low power consumption. The applicability of these devices for synaptic emulation may address the demands of future neuromorphic architectures.

Sci Adv ; 4(3): eaao5031, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29511736


Precise tunability of electronic properties of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials is a key goal of current research in this field of materials science. Chemical modification of layered transition metal dichalcogenides leads to the creation of heterostructures of low-dimensional variants of these materials. In particular, the effect of oxygen-containing plasma treatment on molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has long been thought to be detrimental to the electrical performance of the material. We show that the mobility and conductivity of MoS2 can be precisely controlled and improved by systematic exposure to oxygen/argon plasma and characterize the material using advanced spectroscopy and microscopy. Through complementary theoretical modeling, which confirms conductivity enhancement, we infer the role of a transient 2D substoichiometric phase of molybdenum trioxide (2D-MoO x ) in modulating the electronic behavior of the material. Deduction of the beneficial role of MoO x will serve to open the field to new approaches with regard to the tunability of 2D semiconductors by their low-dimensional oxides in nano-modified heterostructures.

Nanoscale ; 9(25): 8657-8664, 2017 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28613304


Graphene is a promising candidate to succeed silicon based devices, and the conventional strategies for fabrication and testing of graphene-based electronics often utilise an electron beam. Here, we report on a systematic study of the effect of electron beam exposure on graphene devices. We realise reversible doping of on-chip graphene using a focused electron beam. Our results demonstrate site-specific control of carrier type and concentration achievable by modulating the charge distribution in the substrate. The effect of substrate-embedded charges on carrier mobility and conductivity of graphene is studied, with a dielectric screening model proposed to explain the effective n-type and p-type doping produced at different beam energies. Multiple logic operations are thus implemented in a single graphene sheet by using site-specific e-beam irradiation. We extend the phenomenon to MoS2, generalising it to conductive two-dimensional materials. Our results are of importance to imaging, in situ characterisation and lithographic techniques employed to investigate 2D materials.