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2.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 21(1): 46, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391036

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to: (1) determine the agreement in cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) derived strain measurements, (2) compare their reproducibility, (3) determine which approach is best related to CMR late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). BACKGROUND: While STE-derived strain is routinely used to assess left ventricular (LV) function, CMR strain measurements are not yet standardized. Strain can be measured using dedicated pulse sequences (strain-encoding, SENC), or post-processing of cine images (feature tracking, FT). It is unclear whether these measurements are interchangeable, and whether strain can be used as an alternative to LGE. METHODS: Fifty patients underwent 2D echocardiography and 1.5 T CMR. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was measured by STE (Epsilon), FT (NeoSoft) and SENC (Myocardial Solutions) and circumferential strain (GCS) by FT and SENC. RESULTS: GLS showed good inter-modality agreement (r-values: 0.71-0.75), small biases (< 1%) but considerable limits of agreement (- 7 to 8%). The agreement between the CMR techniques was better for GLS than GCS (r = 0.81 vs 0.67; smaller bias). Repeated measurements showed low intra- and inter-observer variability for both GLS and GCS (intraclass correlations 0.86-0.99; coefficients of variation 3-13%). LGE was present in 22 (44%) of patients. Both SENC- and FT-derived GLS and GCS were associated with LGE, while STE-GLS was not. Irrespective of CMR technique, this association was stronger for GCS (AUC 0.77-0.78) than GLS (AUC 0.67-0.72) and STE-GLS (AUC = 0.58). CONCLUSION: There is good inter-technique agreement in strain measurements, which were highly reproducible, irrespective of modality or analysis technique. GCS may better reflect the presence of underlying LGE than GLS.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12223, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434950

RESUMO

Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is becoming the imaging modality of choice in multicenter studies where highly reproducible measurements are necessary. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of comprehensive initial training on reproducibility of quantitative left ventricular (LV) parameters estimated using strain-encoded (SENC) imaging. Thirty participants (10 patients with heart failure (HF) and preserved LV ejection fraction (HFpEF), 10 patients with HF and reduced LV ejection fraction (HFrEF) and 10 healthy volunteers) were examined using fast-SENC imaging. Four observers with different experience in non-invasive cardiac imaging completed comprehensive initial training course and were invited to perform CMR data analysis. To assess agreement between observers, LV volumes, mass, ejection fraction (LVEF), global longitudinal strain (GLS) and global circumferential strain (GCS) were estimated using dedicated software (MyoStrain, USA). To test intraobserver agreement data analysis was repeated after 4 weeks. SENC imaging and analysis were fast and were completed in less than 5 minutes. LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVi), LVEF and strain were significantly lower in HFpEF patients than in healthy volunteers (p = 0.019 for LVEDVi; p = 0.023 for LVEF; p = 0.004 for GLS and p < 0.001 for GCS). All LV functional parameters were further reduced in HFrEF. Excellent interobserver agreement was found for all LV parameters independently of the level of experience. The reproducibility of LV mass was lower, especially at the intraobserver level (ICC 0.91; 95% CI 0.74-0.96). LV volumetric and functional parameters derived using fast-SENC imaging, are highly reproducible. The appropriate initial training is relevant and allows to achieve highest concordance in fast-SENC measurements.

4.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aortic distensibility (AD) represents a well-established parameter of aortic stiffness. It remains unclear, however, whether AD can be obtained with high reproducibility in standard 4-chamber cine CMR images of the descending aorta. This study investigated the intra- and inter-observer agreement of AD based on different angles of the aorta and provided a sample size calculation of AD for future trials. METHODS: Thirty-one patients underwent CMR. Angulation of the descending aorta was performed to obtain strictly transversal and orthogonal cross-sectional aortic areas. AD was obtained both area and diameter based. RESULTS: For area-based values, inter-observer agreement was highest for 4-chamber AD (ICC 0.97; 95% CI 0.93-99), followed by orthogonal AD (ICC 0.96; 95% CI 0.91-98) and transversal AD (ICC 0.93; 95% CI 0.80-97). For diameter-based values, agreement was also highest for 4-chamber AD (ICC 0.97; 95% CI 0.94-99), followed by orthogonal AD (ICC 0.96; 95% CI 0.92-98) and transversal AD (ICC 0.91; 95% CI 0.77-96). Bland-Altman plots confirmed a small variation among observers. Sample size calculation showed a sample size of 12 patients to detect a change in 4-chamber AD of 1 × 10-3 mmHg-1 with either the area or diameter approach. CONCLUSION: AD measurements are highly reproducible and allow an accurate and rapid assessment of arterial compliance from standard 4-chamber cine CMR.

5.
Europace ; 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322701

RESUMO

AIMS: There have been no published studies on the safety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3 Tesla (3 T) in patients with MRI-conditional implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). The aim of this study was to assess clinical safety of the Biotronik ProMRI ICD system during non-diagnostic head and lower lumbar scans under 3 T MRI conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study enrolled 129 patients at 12 sites in Australia, Singapore, and Europe. Predefined head and lower lumbar MR scans (total duration ≈30 min) were performed in 112 patients. Three primary endpoints were evaluated from the pre-MRI to the 1-month post-MRI visit: (i) freedom from serious adverse device effects (SADEs) related to MRI (hypothesized to be >90%); (ii) pacing threshold invariance for all leads (geometric mean of the patient-wise ratios for 1 month vs. pre-MRI was hypothesized to be <1.07); and (iii) sensing amplitude invariance (geometric mean of the ratios was hypothesized to be >0.993). No MRI-related SADE occurred (SADE-free rate 100%, 95% confidence interval 95.98-100%). Pacing threshold and sensing amplitudes fulfilled the invariance hypotheses with high statistical significance (P < 0.0013). No threshold increase >0.5 V or sensing amplitude decrease by >50% was observed (secondary endpoints). Lead impedances, battery capacity, and detection and treatment of arrhythmias by ICDs were not affected by MRI scans. CONCLUSION: The head and lower lumbar scans under specific 3 T MRI conditions were safe in the investigated MR-conditional ICD systems. There was no evidence of harm to the patients or any negative influence of the MRI scan on the implanted systems.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230178

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Restoration of sinus rhythm in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (ps. AF) induces reverse atrial remodeling and improvement of left ventricular function. We evaluated the effect of ablative treatment on cardiac remodeling after a long follow-up period of 7 years by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS: Patients with symptomatic ps. AF underwent CMR within 7 days prior to the ablation procedure. Left atrial and ventricular volumes were measured. All patients underwent circumferential pulmonary vein isolation. At the end of follow-up (FU), a CMR and 7-day ECG registration were performed. RESULTS: Forty-two patients (67 ± 9 years) were included. After a FU of 86 ± 13 months, 23 patients had a successful outcome. In these patients, LVEF improved from 56 ± 5 to 62 ± 4% (p = 0.02), but left atrial volume and ejection fraction (LAV, LAEF) remained unchanged (105 ± 25 to 98 ± 34, p = 0.44; 34 ± 10 to 36 ± 11, p = 0.6, respectively). In 14 patients with a BMI < 30 and no left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), LAV decreased (104 ± 30 to 82 ± 26 ml, p = 0.01) and LAEF improved (33 ± 12 to 40 ± 11%, p = 0.03). In 9 patients with successful outcome and either BMI ≥ 30 or LVH, LAV increased (110 ± 26 to 125 ± 30 ml, p = 0.03) and LAEF deteriorated (35 ± 11 to 31 ± 10%, p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Successful ablative treatment of atrial fibrillation is associated with reverse left atrial remodeling and improvement of left atrial and ventricular function. In patients with a BMI ≥ 30 or left ventricular hypertrophy, further left atrial enlargement occurs despite successful outcome.

8.
ESC Heart Fail ; 6(4): 584-602, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31021534

RESUMO

This study aims to assess the usefulness of strain-encoded magnetic resonance (SENC) for the quantification of myocardial deformation ('strain') in healthy volunteers and for the diagnostic workup of patients with different cardiovascular pathologies. SENC was initially described in the year 2001. Since then, the SENC sequence has undergone several technical developments, aiming at the detection of strain during single-heartbeat acquisitions (fast-SENC). Experimental and clinical studies that used SENC and fast-SENC or compared SENC with conventional cine or tagged magnetic resonance in phantoms, animals, healthy volunteers, or patients were systematically searched for in PubMed. Using 'strain-encoded magnetic resonance and SENC' as keywords, three phantom and three animal studies were identified, along with 27 further clinical studies, involving 185 healthy subjects and 904 patients. SENC (i) enabled reproducible assessment of myocardial deformation in vitro, in animals and in healthy volunteers, (ii) showed high reproducibility and substantially lower time spent compared with conventional tagging, (iii) exhibited incremental value to standard cine imaging for the detection of inducible ischaemia and for the risk stratification of patients with ischaemic heart disease, and (iv) enabled the diagnostic classification of patients with transplant vasculopathy, cardiomyopathies, pulmonary hypertension, and diabetic heart disease. SENC has the potential to detect a wide range of myocardial diseases early, accurately, and without the need of contrast agent injection, possibly enabling the initiation of specific cardiac therapies during earlier disease stages. Its one-heartbeat acquisition mode during free breathing results in shorter cardiovascular magnetic resonance protocols, making its implementation in the clinical realm promising.

9.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 19(1): 52, 2019 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30836942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently introduced fast strain-encoded (SENC) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging (fast-SENC) provides real-time acquisition of myocardial performance in a single heartbeat. We aimed to test the ability and accuracy of real-time strain-encoded CMR imaging to estimate left ventricular volumes, ejection fraction and mass. METHODS: Thirty-five subjects (12 healthy volunteers and 23 patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease) were investigated. All study participants were imaged at 1.5 Tesla MRI scanner (Achieva, Philips) using an advanced CMR study protocol which included conventional cine and fast-SENC imaging. A newly developed real-time free-breathing SENC imaging technique based on the acquisition of two images with different frequency modulation was employed. RESULTS: All parameters were successfully derived from fast-SENC images with total study time of 105 s (a 15 s scan time and a 90 s post-processing time). There was no significant difference between fast-SENC and cine imaging in the estimation of LV volumes and EF, whereas fast-SENC underestimated LV end-diastolic mass by 7%. CONCLUSION: The single heartbeat fast-SENC technique can be used as a good alternative to cine imaging for the precise calculation of LV volumes and ejection fraction while the technique significantly underestimates LV end-diastolic mass.

11.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0210127, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30682045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) is increasingly used for myocardial deformation assessment including ventricular strain, showing prognostic value beyond established risk markers if used in experienced centres. Little is known about the impact of appropriate training on CMR-FT performance. Consequently, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of training on observer variance using different commercially available CMR-FT software. METHODS: Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility was assessed prior to and after dedicated one-hour observer training. Employed FT software included 3 different commercially available platforms (TomTec, Medis, Circle). Left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular global longitudinal as well as LV circumferential and radial strains (GLS, GCS and GRS) were studied in 12 heart failure patients and 12 healthy volunteers. RESULTS: Training improved intra- and inter-observer reproducibility. GCS and LV GLS showed the highest reproducibility before (ICC >0.86 and >0.81) and after training (ICC >0.91 and >0.92). RV GLS and GRS were more susceptible to tracking inaccuracies and reproducibility was lower. Inter-observer reproducibility was lower than intra-observer reproducibility prior to training with more pronounced improvements after training. Before training, LV strain reproducibility was lower in healthy volunteers as compared to patients with no differences after training. Whilst LV strain reproducibility was sufficient within individual software solutions inter-software comparisons revealed considerable software related variance. CONCLUSION: Observer experience is an important source of variance in CMR-FT derived strain assessment. Dedicated observer training significantly improves reproducibility with most profound benefits in states of high myocardial contractility and potential to facilitate widespread clinical implementation due to optimized robustness and diagnostic performance.

13.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 14100, 2018 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30237411

RESUMO

Myocardial strain is a well validated parameter for estimating left ventricular (LV) performance. The aim of our study was to evaluate the inter-study as well as intra- and interobserver reproducibility of fast-SENC derived myocardial strain. Eighteen subjects (11 healthy individuals and 7 patients with heart failure) underwent a cardiac MRI examination including fast-SENC acquisition for evaluating left ventricular global longitudinal (GLS) and circumferential strain (GCS) as well as left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The examination was repeated after 63 [range 49‒87] days and analyzed by two experienced observers. Ten datasets were repeatedly assessed after 1 month by the same observer to test intraobserver variability. The reproducibility was measured using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland-Altman analysis. Patients with heart failure demonstrated reduced GLS and GCS compared to healthy controls (-15.7 ± 3.7 vs. -20.1 ± 1.4; p = 0.002 for GLS and -15.3 ± 3.7 vs. -21.4 ± 1.1; p = 0.001 for GCS). The test-retest analysis showed excellent ICC for LVEF (0.92), GLS (0.94) and GCS (0.95). GLS exhibited excellent ICC (0.99) in both intra- and interobserver variability analysis with very narrow limits of agreement (-0.6 to 0.5 for intraobserver and -1.3 to 0.96 for interobserver agreement). Similarly, GCS showed excellent ICC (0.99) in both variability analyses with narrow limits of agreement (-1.1 to 1.2 for intraobserver and -1.7 to 1.3 for interobserver agreement), whereas LVEF showed larger limits of agreement (-14.4 to 10.1). The analysis of fast-SENC derived myocardial strain using cardiac MRI provides a highly reproducible method for assessing LV functional performance.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30099681

RESUMO

An extracellular laccase (Lacc10) was discovered in submerged cultures of Pleurotus ostreatus var. florida bleaching ß-carotene effectively without the addition of a mediator (650 mU/L, pH 4). Heterologous expression in P. pastoris confirmed the activity and structural analyses revealed a carotenoid-binding domain, which formed the substrate-binding pocket and is reported here for the first time. In order to increase activity, 106 basidiospore-derived monokaryons and crosses of compatible progenies were generated. These showed high intraspecific variability in growth rate and enzyme formation. Seventy-two homokaryons exhibited a higher activity-to-growth-rate-relation than the parental dikaryon, and one isolate produced a very high activity (1800 mU/L), while most of the dikaryotic hybrids showed lower activity. The analysis of the laccase gene of the monokaryons revealed two sequences differing in three amino acids, but the primary sequences gave no clue for the diversity of activity. The enzyme production in submerged cultures of monokaryons was stable over seven sub-cultivation cycles.

15.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 107(8): 642-652, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29520698

RESUMO

Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) is under investigation as a treatment option in patients with resistant hypertension (RH). Determinants of arterial compliance may, however, help to predict the BP response to therapy. Aortic distensibility (AD) is a well-established parameter of aortic stiffness and can reliably be obtained by CMR. This analysis sought to investigate the effects of RDN on AD and to assess the predictive value of pre-treatment AD for BP changes. We analyzed data of 65 patients with RH included in a multicenter trial. RDN was performed in all participants. A standardized CMR protocol was utilized at baseline and at 6-month follow-up. AD was determined as the change in cross-sectional aortic area per unit change in BP. Office BP decreased significantly from 173/92 ± 24/16 mmHg at baseline to 151/85 ± 24/17 mmHg (p < 0.001) 6 months after RDN. Maximum aortic areas increased from 604.7 ± 157.7 to 621.1 ± 157.3 mm2 (p = 0.011). AD improved significantly by 33% from 1.52 ± 0.82 to 2.02 ± 0.93 × 10-3 mmHg-1 (p < 0.001). Increase of AD at follow-up was significantly more pronounced in younger patients (p = 0.005) and responders to RDN (p = 0.002). Patients with high-baseline AD were significantly younger (61.4 ± 10.1 vs. 67.1 ± 8.4 years, p = 0.022). However, there was no significant correlation of baseline AD to response to RDN. AD is improved after RDN across all age groups. Importantly, these improvements appear to be unrelated to observed BP changes, suggesting that RDN may have direct effects on the central vasculature.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/terapia , Rim/inervação , Simpatectomia/métodos , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 18(1): 47, 2018 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29506495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe obesity is asscociated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) but non-invasive cardiac imaging modalities have important technical limits. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 58-year old patient with suspected CAD and severely elevated BMI of 58 kg/m2. CONCLUSIONS: Stress-CMR was able to non-invasively stratify risk with good imaging quality despite the body dimensions of the patient.

17.
Can J Cardiol ; 34(3): 281-287, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29395702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate left ventricular (LV) function and mechanics in patients with cancer before they received chemotherapy or radiotherapy, as well as the relationship between cancer and reduced LV multidirectional strain in the whole study population. METHODS: The retrospective study involved 122 chemotherapy- and radiotherapy-naive patients with cancer and 45 age- and sex-matched controls with a cardiovascular risk profile similar to that of the patients with cancer. All the patients underwent echocardiographic examination before introduction of chemotherapy or radiotherapy. RESULTS: LV longitudinal (-19.1% ± 2.1% vs -17.8% ± 3.5%; P = 0.022), circumferential (-22.9% ± 3.5% vs -20.1% ± 4.1%; P < 0.001), and radial (40.5% ± 8.8% vs 35.2% ± 10.7%; P = 0.004) strain was significantly lower in the patients with cancer than in the control group. Endocardial and midmyocardial longitudinal LV strain was significantly reduced in the patients with cancer compared with the controls, whereas epicardial longitudinal strain was similar between these groups. Endocardial, midmyocardial, and epicardial circumferential strain was significantly lower in the chemotherapy- or radiotherapy-naive patients with cancer than in the controls. Cancer was associated with reduced longitudinal (odds ratio [OR], 9.0; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.20-23.50; P < 0.001), reduced circumferential (OR, 7.1; 95% CI, 3.80-20.40; P < 0.001), and reduced radial strain (OR, 7.2; 95% CI, 3.41-25.10; P < 0.001) independent of age, sex, body mass index, diabetes, and hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: LV mechanics was impaired in the patients with cancer compared with the controls even before initiation of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Cancer and hypertension were associated with reduced LV multidirectional strain independent of other clinical parameters. The present results indicate that cancer itself potentially induces cardiac remodelling independent of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Adulto , Cardiotoxicidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiotoxicidade/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neoplasias/patologia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos da radiação
18.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 71(7): 766-778, 2018 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29447739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the major cause of cardiac morbidity and mortality worldwide, despite the advances in treatment with coronary revascularization and modern antiremodeling therapy. Risk stratification in CAD patients is primarily based on left ventricular volumes, ejection fraction (LVEF), risk scores, and the presence and extent of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). The prognostic role of T1 mapping in noninfarcted myocardium in CAD patients has not yet been determined. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine prognostic significance of native T1 mapping of noninfarcted myocardium in patients with CAD. METHODS: A prospective, observational, multicenter longitudinal study of consecutive patients undergoing routine cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with T1 mapping and LGE. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Major adverse cardiocerebrovascular events (MACCE) (cardiac mortality, nonfatal acute coronary syndrome, stroke, and appropriate device discharge) are also reported. RESULTS: A total of 34 deaths and 71 MACCE (n = 665, males n = 424, median age [interquartile range] 57 [22] years; 64%; median follow-up period of 17 [11] months) were observed. Native T1 and extracellular volume were univariate predictors of outcome. Native T1 and LGE were stronger predictors of survival and MACCE compared with extracellular volume, LVEF, cardiac volumes, and clinical scores (p < 0.001). Native T1 of noninfarcted myocardium was the sole independent predictor of all-cause mortality (chi-square = 21.7; p < 0.001), which was accentuated in the absence of LGE or LVEF ≤35%. For MACCE, native T1 and LGE extent were joint independent predictors (chi-square = 25.6; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Characterization of noninfarcted myocardium by native T1 is an important predictor of outcome in CAD patients, over and above the traditional risk stratifiers. The current study's results provide a basis for a novel risk stratification model in CAD based on a complementary assessment of noninfarcted myocardium and post-infarction scar, by native T1 mapping and LGE, respectively.

19.
MAGMA ; 31(1): 75-85, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28620752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the advantages of recently developed cardiac imaging techniques of fat-water separation and feature tracking to characterize better individuals with chronic myocardial infarction (MI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients who had a previous MI underwent CMR imaging. The study protocol included routine cine and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) technique. In addition, mDixon LGE imaging was performed in every patient. Left ventricular (LV) circumferential (EccLV) and radial (ErrLV) strain were calculated using dedicated software (CMR42, Circle, Calgary, Canada). The extent of global scar was measured in LGE and fat-water separated images to compare conventional and recent CMR imaging techniques. RESULTS: The infarct size derived from conventional LGE and fat-water separated images was similar. However, detection of lipomatous metaplasia was only possible with mDixon imaging. Subjects with fat deposition demonstrated a significantly smaller percentage of fibrosis than those without fat (10.68 ± 5.07% vs. 13.83 ± 6.30%; p = 0.005). There was no significant difference in EccLV or ErrLV between myocardial segments containing fibrosis only and fibrosis with fat. However, EccLV and ErrLV values were significantly higher in myocardial segments adjacent to fibrosis with fat deposition than in those adjacent to LGE only. CONCLUSIONS: Advanced CMR imaging ensures more detailed tissue characterization in patients with chronic MI without a relevant increase in imaging and post-processing time. Fatty metaplasia may influence regional myocardial deformation especially in the myocardial segments adjacent to scar tissue. A simplified and shortened myocardial viability CMR protocol might be useful to better characterize and stratify patients with chronic MI.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/métodos , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Miocárdio/patologia , Idoso , Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Gadolínio , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/estatística & dados numéricos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Metaplasia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Software
20.
BMC Med Imaging ; 17(1): 51, 2017 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28835220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) is a novel tissue tracking technique developed for noninvasive assessment of myocardial motion and deformation. This preliminary study aimed to evaluate the observer's reproducibility of CMR-FT in a small animal (mouse) model and define sample size calculation for future trials. METHODS: Six C57BL/6 J mice were selected from the ongoing experimental mouse model onsite and underwent CMR with a 3 Tesla small animal MRI scanner. Myocardial deformation was analyzed using dedicated software (TomTec, Germany) by two observers. Left ventricular (LV) longitudinal, circumferential and radial strain (EllLAX, EccSAX and ErrSAX) were calculated. To assess intra-observer agreement data analysis was repeated after 4 weeks. The sample size required to detect a relative change in strain was calculated. RESULTS: In general, EccSAX and EllLAX demonstrated highest inter-observer reproducibility (ICC 0.79 (0.46-0.91) and 0.73 (0.56-0.83) EccSAX and EllLAX respectively). In contrast, at the intra-observer level EllLAX was more reproducible than EccSAX (ICC 0.83 (0.73-0.90) and 0.74 (0.49-0.87) EllLAX and EccSAX respectively). The reproducibility of ErrSAX was weak at both observer levels. Preliminary sample size calculation showed that a small study sample (e.g. ten animals to detect a relative 10% change in EccSAX) could be sufficient to detect changes if parameter variability is low. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study demonstrates good to excellent inter- and intra-observer reproducibility of CMR-FT technique in small animal model. The most reproducible measures are global circumferential and global longitudinal strain, whereas reproducibility of radial strain is weak. Furthermore, sample size calculation demonstrates that a small number of animals could be sufficient for future trials.


Assuntos
Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Projetos Piloto , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tamanho da Amostra , Software
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