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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008845

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) not only defines acute MI with obstructed coronary arteries (T1MI) but also myocardial necrosis caused by myocardial oxygen supply/demand mismatch as type 2 MI (T2MI); only T1MI patients benefit from an early invasive management. Myeloid-related protein(MRP)-8/14 is a biomarker described in various inflammatory diseases and in MI patients. Here we evaluate the potential of MRP-8/14 and high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-cTnI) to differentiate T2MI from T1MI. Patients with final diagnosis NSTEMI (n = 254; 33.1% female) enrolled in a prospective biomarker registry between 08/2011 and 10/2016 were analysed. Median baseline MRP-8/14 levels were higher in T2MI (n = 55; 3.37(1.88-6.48)µg/mL) than in T1MI (n = 199; 2.4 [1.4-3.79]µg/mL) (p = .013) patients, in contrast to hs-cTnI (T2MI:52[11.65-321.4]ng/L vs. T1MI:436.5 [61.25-1973.8]ng/L; p < .001). To detect the strength of this association odds ratios(OR) were calculated with MRP-8/14 yielding 2.13(1.16-3.92; p = .015) to predict T2MI and 0.47(0.26-0.87; p = .015) for T1MI. As expected, hs-cTnI yielded an OR of to predict T2MI 0.34(0.17-0.65; p = .001) and 2.98(1.53-5.81; p = .001) for T1MI. Both markers show comparable and independent results if adjust to hs-cTnI/MRP-8/14, TIMI risk score and CRP. T2MI is associated with higher MRP-8/14 and lower hs-cTnI concentrations than T1MI. Our data suggest that MRP-8/14 as a marker of inflammation might provide usable discriminatory information complementing hs-cTnI in a diagnostic procedure evaluating the type of MI directly upon hospital admission.

2.
Diabetes Care ; 43(2): 460-467, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843947

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have elevated levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn). We investigated the diagnostic performance of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) algorithms to rule out or rule in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) without ST-elevation in patients with DM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 3,681 patients with suspected AMI and stratified those by the presence of DM. The ESC 0/1-h and 0/3-h algorithms were used to calculate negative and positive predictive values (NPV, PPV). In addition, alternative cutoffs were calculated and externally validated in 2,895 patients. RESULTS: In total, 563 patients (15.3%) had DM, and 137 (24.3%) of these had AMI. When the ESC 0/1-h algorithm was used, the NPV was comparable in patients with and without DM (absolute difference [AD] -1.50 [95% CI -5.95, 2.96]). In contrast, the ESC 0/3-h algorithm resulted in a significantly lower NPV in patients with DM (AD -2.27 [95% CI -4.47, -0.07]). The diagnostic performance for rule-in of AMI (PPV) was comparable in both groups: 0/1-h (AD 6.59 [95% CI -19.53, 6.35]) and 0/3-h (AD 1.03 [95% CI -7.63, 9.7]). Alternative cutoffs increased the PPV in both algorithms significantly, while improvements in NPV were only subtle. CONCLUSIONS: Application of the ESC 0/1-h algorithm revealed comparable safety to rule out AMI comparing patients with and without DM, while this was not observed with the ESC 0/3-h algorithm. Although alternative cutoffs might be helpful, patients with DM remain a high-risk population in whom identification of AMI is challenging and who require careful clinical evaluation.

3.
Thromb Haemost ; 120(1): 141-155, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887780

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Blood monocyte subsets are emerging as biomarkers of cardiovascular inflammation. However, our understanding of human monocyte heterogeneity and their immunophenotypic features under healthy and inflammatory conditions is still evolving. RATIONALE: In this study, we sought to investigate the immunophenome of circulating human monocyte subsets. METHODS: Multiplexed, high-throughput flow cytometry screening arrays and computational data analysis were used to analyze the expression and hierarchical relationships of 242 specific surface markers on circulating classical (CD14++CD16-), intermediate (CD14++CD16+), and nonclassical (CD14+CD16++) monocytes in healthy adults. RESULTS: Using generalized linear models and hierarchical cluster analysis, we selected and clustered epitopes that most reliably differentiate between monocyte subsets. We validated existing transcriptional profiling data and revealed potential new surface markers that uniquely define the classical (e.g., BLTR1, CD35, CD38, CD49e, CD89, CD96), intermediate (e.g., CD39, CD275, CD305, CDw328), and nonclassical (e.g., CD29, CD132) subsets. In addition, our analysis revealed phenotypic cell clusters, identified by dendritic markers CMRF-44 and CMRF-56, independent of the traditional monocyte classification. CONCLUSION: These results reveal an advancement of the clinically applicable multiplexed screening arrays that may facilitate monocyte subset characterization and cytometry-based biomarker selection in various inflammatory disorders.

4.
Biomolecules ; 9(11)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671920

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles are released by numerous cell types of the human body under physiological but also under pathophysiological conditions. They are important for cell-cell communication and carry specific signatures of peptides and RNAs. In this study, we aimed to determine whether extracellular vesicles isolated from patients with pulmonary hypertension show a disease specific signature of small non-coding RNAs and thus have the potential to serve as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. Extracellular vesicles were isolated from the serum of 23 patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and 23 controls using two individual methods: a column-based method or by precipitation. Extracellular vesicle- associated RNAs were analyzed by next-generation sequencing applying molecular barcoding, and differentially expressed small non-coding RNAs were validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). We identified 18 microRNAs and 21 P-element induced wimpy testis (PIWI)-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) or piRNA clusters that were differentially expressed in CTEPH patients compared with controls. Bioinformatic analysis predicted a contribution of these piRNAs to the progression of cardiac and vascular remodeling. Expression levels of DQ593039 correlated with clinically meaningful parameters such as mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance, right ventricular systolic pressure, and levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide. Thus, we identified the extracellular vesicle- derived piRNA, DQ593039, as a potential biomarker for pulmonary hypertension and right heart disease.

5.
Biomolecules ; 9(9)2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505902

RESUMO

: High-sensitivity troponin has proven to be a promising biomarker for the prediction of future adverse cardiovascular events. We aimed to assess the prognostic value of high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI) on admission in patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI) analyzed by a novel (Singulex Clarity cTnI) and established hs-TnI assay (ARCHITECT STAT hs-TnI, Abbott). Hs-TnI was measured in a total of 2332 patients from two prospective cohort studies presenting to the emergency department with suspected AMI. The prognostic impact for overall and cardiovascular mortality of both hs-TnI assays was assessed in the total patient cohort as well as in the subgroups of patients with AMI (n = 518) and without AMI (non-AMI) (n = 1814). Patients presenting with highest hs-TnI levels showed higher overall and cardiovascular mortality rates compared to those with lower troponin levels, irrespective of the assay used. Both hs-TnI assays indicated association with overall mortality according to adjusted hazard ratio (HR) among the entire study population (HR for Singulex assay: 1.16 (95% CI 1.08-1.24) and HR for Abbott assay: 1.17 (95% CI 1.09-1.25)). This finding was particularly pronounced in non-AMI patients, whereas no association between hs-TnI and overall mortality was found in AMI patients for either assay. In non-AMI patients, both assays equally improved risk prediction for cardiovascular mortality beyond conventional cardiovascular risk factors. Hs-TnI is independently predictive for adverse outcomes in patients with suspected AMI, especially in the subset of patients without confirmed AMI. There was no difference between the established and the novel assay in the prediction of mortality.

6.
Herz ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been validated in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) but has not yet been verified under specific conditions such as heart failure or microvascular dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of specific patient comorbidities on FFR values and thus the frequency of PCI in patients with intermediate coronary stenosis. METHODS: A total of 652 patients with CAD and intermediate coronary stenosis who were assessed for FFR were included in this retrospective study. In a subgroup analysis, specific comorbidities such as heart failure with non-ST-segment-elevated acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), heart failure, diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation (AF), and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were considered. RESULTS: In all lesions with an FFR ≤ 0.80 (n = 227/808, 28.1%), PCI was performed using drug-eluting stents. Pathological FFR values (FFR ≤ 0.80) before PCI were most frequently observed in the left anterior descending artery (LAD; n = 168/418, 39.9%) followed by the right coronary artery (RCA; n = 37/178, 20.7%) and the left circumflex artery (LCX; 22/223, 9.8%). The comorbidities NSTE-ACS (p = 0.28), heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF; p = 0.63), heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF; p = 0.3719), diabetes mellitus (p = 0.177), or LVH (p = 0.407) had no major impact on the occurrence of pathological FFR values; there was also no association between FFR and the occurrence of lesions in the different target vessels. CONCLUSION: The occurrence of pathological FFR values, most frequently documented in the LAD, was the same in patients with or without HFrEF, HFpEF, diabetes mellitus, AF, and LVH, demonstrating that these comorbidities did not influence FFR values and, thus, the indication for PCI.

7.
Res Q Exerc Sport ; 90(4): 600-608, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397640

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate vascular function and its relationship to cardiorespiratory fitness in professional handball athletes. Method: We examined 30 male professional handball athletes (age 27 ± 4 y) and 10 male sedentary controls (age 26 ± 5 y) at rest. The workup included exercise testing via ergometry. To assess vascular function, a validated electronic model of the arterial tree (vasc assist 2®) was used. It replicates noninvasively acquired pulse pressure waves by modulating the relevant functional parameters of compliance, resistance, inertia, pressure, and flow. The maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) was estimated using the validated heart rate ratio method. Results: Athletes had a significantly lower systolic and diastolic central blood pressure (cBP) compared to controls (102 ± 9/60 ± 9 vs. 110 ± 8/74 ± 9 mmHg, p < .01), whereas aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) (6.2 ± 0.8 vs. 6.3 ± 0.5 m/s, p = .45) and augmentation index at a heart rate of 75 (Aix@75) (-4 ± 12 vs. -13 ± 16%, p = .06) were not different. Resistance index (R) (15.9 ± 4.4 vs. 10.6 ± 0.6, p = .001) and maximum power output (MPO) (3.55 ± 0.54 vs. 2.46 ± 0.55 Watt/kg, p < .001) were significantly higher in athletes compared to controls. We found no relevant correlation between MPO, resting heart rate, PWV, Aix@75, and cBP. A higher VO2max (p = .02) and a lower R (p < .01) were significant predictors of a higher MPO in athletes. Conclusion: R had an independent and strong correlation to MPO in athletes, which might help to disentangle the contribution of aerobic capacity and arterial function to physical power.

9.
Biomarkers ; 24(6): 549-555, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159594

RESUMO

Purpose: Established diagnostic thresholds for high-sensitivity cardiac troponins (hs-cTn) might not apply for elderly patients as they are elevated irrespective of the presence of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Aim of the present study was to investigate hs-cTnI in elderly patients with suspected AMI and to calculate optimized diagnostic cutoffs. Material and methods: Data from a prospective multi-centre study and from a second independent prospective single-centre cohort study were analysed. A number of 2903 patients were eligible for further analysis. Patients > 70 years were classified as elderly. hs-cTnI was measured upon admission. Results: Around 34.7% of 2903 patients were classified as elderly. Around 22.5% of elderly patients were finally diagnosed with AMI. Elderly patients had higher hs-cTnI levels at admission irrespective of the final diagnosis (p < 0.001). According to the AUROC, hs-cTnI was a strong marker for detection of AMI in elderly patients. Application of the 99th percentile cutoffs showed a substantially lower specificity in elderly. By using optimized thresholds, specificity was improved to levels as in younger patients in both cohorts but accompanied with a decrease in sensitivity. Conclusions: hs-cTnI levels have a lower specificity for detecting AMI in elderly patients. This lower specificity can be improved by using hs-cTnI thresholds optimized for elderly patients.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/sangue , Hiperlipidemias/diagnóstico , Hiperlipidemias/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão/sangue , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fumar/sangue , Fumar/fisiopatologia
10.
Heart Vessels ; 34(12): 1993-2001, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175405

RESUMO

Current risk scores used for patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) do not reliably predict adverse events after TAVI. Procalcitonin (PCT) is associated with increased atherosclerotic burden and adverse outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease. The aim of our study is to assess the predictive value of preprocedural serum PCT levels in comparison with established risk scores in TAVI patients. A total of 243 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI at our institution were included prospectively in the study and 230 of these patients participated in the follow-up 1 year after TAVI. The primary endpoints were mortality at 30 days and 1 year. Multivariable analysis revealed that preprocedural PCT was the only independent predictor of 30-day mortality (HR 2.84; 95% CI 1.59-5.06; p < 0.001) and 1-year mortality (HR 1.90; 95% CI 1.17-3.11; p = 0.01), whereas high-sensitivity C-reactive protein showed no association with procedural outcomes. The results of ROC analysis showed good predictive power of PCT for both outcomes (AUC 0.75; p = 0.0003 for 30-day mortality and AUC 0.71; p < 0.0001 for 1-year mortality). An optimal cut-off value for PCT of 0.06 ng/ml for short- and long-term mortality was determined with the Youden index. A significantly higher mortality rate was observed in the high-PCT group (≥ 0.06 ng/ml) based on Kaplan-Meier analysis (log rank = 12.1; p = 0.001 at 30 days and log rank = 14.2; p = 0.0002 at 1 year). Patients in the high-PCT group also had a considerably worse clinical pro6file. In conclusion, preprocedural PCT is an independent predictor of 30-day and 1-year mortality after TAVI. In particular, a cut-off value of 0.06 ng/ml discriminates patients at higher risk of mortality within 30 days and 1 year of TAVI.

11.
N Engl J Med ; 380(26): 2529-2540, 2019 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data regarding high-sensitivity troponin concentrations in patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of myocardial infarction may be useful in determining the probability of myocardial infarction and subsequent 30-day outcomes. METHODS: In 15 international cohorts of patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of myocardial infarction, we determined the concentrations of high-sensitivity troponin I or high-sensitivity troponin T at presentation and after early or late serial sampling. The diagnostic and prognostic performance of multiple high-sensitivity troponin cutoff combinations was assessed with the use of a derivation-validation design. A risk-assessment tool that was based on these data was developed to estimate the risk of index myocardial infarction and of subsequent myocardial infarction or death at 30 days. RESULTS: Among 22,651 patients (9604 in the derivation data set and 13,047 in the validation data set), the prevalence of myocardial infarction was 15.3%. Lower high-sensitivity troponin concentrations at presentation and smaller absolute changes during serial sampling were associated with a lower likelihood of myocardial infarction and a lower short-term risk of cardiovascular events. For example, high-sensitivity troponin I concentrations of less than 6 ng per liter and an absolute change of less than 4 ng per liter after 45 to 120 minutes (early serial sampling) resulted in a negative predictive value of 99.5% for myocardial infarction, with an associated 30-day risk of subsequent myocardial infarction or death of 0.2%; a total of 56.5% of the patients would be classified as being at low risk. These findings were confirmed in an external validation data set. CONCLUSIONS: A risk-assessment tool, which we developed to integrate the high-sensitivity troponin I or troponin T concentration at emergency department presentation, its dynamic change during serial sampling, and the time between the obtaining of samples, was used to estimate the probability of myocardial infarction on emergency department presentation and 30-day outcomes. (Funded by the German Center for Cardiovascular Research [DZHK]; ClinicalTrials.gov numbers, NCT00470587, NCT02355457, NCT01852123, NCT01994577, and NCT03227159; and Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry numbers, ACTRN12611001069943, ACTRN12610000766011, ACTRN12613000745741, and ACTRN12611000206921.).


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Troponina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Troponina I/sangue
13.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest ; 79(4): 268-275, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987470

RESUMO

Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA), for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, improves pulmonary and systemic hemodynamics. The kidney might benefit from this effect. However, staged BPA therapy comes along with repetitive administration of contrast agent. This study examined the overall effect of BPA therapy on renal function. This study included consecutive patients who underwent BPA treatment and completed a 6-month follow-up between March 2014 and March 2017. Biomarker-based evaluation of renal function was performed at baseline, consecutively prior to and after each BPA and at 6-month follow-up. The 51 patients underwent an average of 5 (±2) BPA sessions. In this course, patients received 133 (±48; 21-300) mL of contrast agent per session and 691 (±24; 240-1410) mL during the whole sequence. Acute kidney injury occurred after 6 (2.3%) procedures. The creatinine [80.1 (IQR 67.8-96.8) µmol/L vs. 77.4 (IQR 66.9-91.5) µmol/L, p = .02] and urea level [13.7 (IQR10.7-16.6) mmol/L vs. 12.5 (IQR 10.0-15.5) mmol/L, p = .02] decreased from baseline to the 6-month follow-up. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) [79 (IQR 59-94) mL/min/m2 vs. 79.6 (IQR 67.1-95.0) mL/min/m2, p = .11] did not change. The Chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages at baseline were: G1:15; G2:23; G3a:10; G3b:2; G4:1; G5:0. Among patients with a CKD-stage ≥2, analysis revealed an increase of eGFR, decrease of creatinine and urea from baseline to 6-month follow-up. Among those patients, the baseline-CKD-stage improved in 14 (41.2%) patients. BPA therapy improves pulmonary and systemic hemodynamics, with positive effects on renal function. Repetitive administration of contrast agent seems not to be harmful regarding renal function.

14.
ESC Heart Fail ; 6(3): 536-544, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30912310

RESUMO

AIMS: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) is known to be elevated in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). As FGF-23 is expressed in the bone but can also be expressed in the myocardium, the origin of serum FGF-23 in CHF remains unclear. It is also unclear if FGF-23 expressed in the bone is associated with outcome in CHF. The aim of the present study was to investigate FGF-23 levels measured in bone marrow plasma (FGF-23-BM) and in peripheral blood (FGF-23-P) in CHF patients to gain further insights into the heart-bone axis of FGF-23 expression. We also investigated possible associations between FGF-23-BM as well as FGF-23-P and outcome in CHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We determined FGF-23-P and FGF-23-BM levels in 203 CHF patients (85% male, mean age 61.3 years) with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤45% and compared them with those of 48 healthy controls (48% male, mean age 39.2 years). We investigated the association between FGF-23-BM and FGF-23-P with all-cause mortality in CHF patients, 32 events, median follow-up 1673 days, interquartile range [923, 1828]. FGF-23-P (median 60.3 vs. 22.0 RU/mL, P < 0.001) and FGF-23-BM (median 130.7 vs. 93.1 RU/mL, P < 0.001) levels were higher in CHF patients compared with healthy controls. FGF-23-BM levels were significantly higher than FGF-23-P levels in both CHF patients and in healthy controls (P < 0.001). FGF-23-P and FGF-23-BM correlated significantly with LVEF (r = -0.37 and r = -0.33, respectively), N terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide levels (r = 0.57 and r = 0.6, respectively), New York Heart Association status (r = 0.28 and r = 0.25, respectively), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (r = -0.43 and r = -0.41, respectively) (P for all <0.001) and were independently associated with all-cause mortality in CHF patients after adjustment for LVEF, estimated glomerular filtration rate, New York Heart Association status, and N terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide, hazard ratio 2.71 [confidence interval: 1.18-6.20], P = 0.018, and hazard ratio 2.80 [confidence interval: 1.19-6.57], P = 0.018, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In CHF patients, FGF-23 is elevated in bone marrow plasma and is independently associated with heart failure severity and all-cause mortality. The failing heart seems to interact via FGF-23 within a heart-bone axis.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/análise , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Adulto , Medula Óssea/química , Feminino , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/sangue , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Glucuronidase/análise , Glucuronidase/sangue , Glucuronidase/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
16.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 126: 13-22, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445017

RESUMO

AIMS: Circulating immune cells have a significant impact on progression and outcome of heart failure. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) comprise novel epigenetic regulators which control cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory disorders. We aimed to identify lncRNAs regulated in circulating immune cells of the blood of heart failure patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Next-generation sequencing revealed 110 potentially non-coding RNA transcripts differentially expressed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction. The up-regulated lncRNA Heat2 was further functionally characterized. Heat2 expression was detected in whole blood, PBMNCs, eosinophil and basophil granulocytes. Heat2 regulates cell division, invasion, transmigration and immune cell adhesion on endothelial cells. CONCLUSION: Heat2 is an immune cell enriched lncRNA that is elevated in the blood of heart failure patients and controls cellular functions.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Eosinófilos/metabolismo , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
18.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 8(2): 161-166, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30362813

RESUMO

AIMS:: The new European Society of Cardiology guideline for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction recommends that left and right bundle branch block should be considered equal for recommending urgent angiography in patients with suspected myocardial infarction. We aimed to evaluate this novel recommendation in two prospective studies of patients with suspected myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS:: We included 4067 patients presenting to the emergency department with suspected myocardial infarction. All patients had an ECG recorded immediately upon admission. Patients were classified as having right bundle branch block (RBBB), left bundle branch block (LBBB), bifascicular block (BFB) or no bundle branch block. All patients were followed for up to two years to assess mortality. In the overall population 125 (3.1%) patients had RBBB, 281 (6.9%) LBBB and 60 (1.5%) BFB. The final diagnosis of myocardial infarction was adjudicated in 20.8% (RBBB), 28.5% (LBBB), 23.3% (BFB) and 21.6% (no complete block) of patients. The mortality rate after one year was 10.7% (RBBB), 7% (LBBB), 17.5% (BFB) and 3.2% (no complete block). The adjusted hazard ratios were 1.29 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.71-2.34; P=0.40) for RBBB, 1.71 (95% CI 1.17-2.50; P=0.006) for LBBB and 2.27 (95% CI 1.28-4.05; P=0.005) for BFB. CONCLUSION:: Our results support the new European Society of Cardiology ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction guideline describing RBBB as a high risk for mortality in patients with suspected myocardial infarction. However, the data challenge the concept of RBBB as a trigger of acute angiography because the likelihood of myocardial infarction in a chest pain unit setting is equally frequent in patients without bundle branch block.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo/etiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Idoso , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte/tendências , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
19.
Clin Cardiol ; 41(11): 1474-1479, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30284299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compromised renal function is a major risk factor that is strongly associated with poor outcome in patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) and heart failure. Cystatin C, a cysteine protease inhibitor, has been used as a specific and sensitive biomarker of renal function. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is another sensitive biomarker that specifically indicates functional and structural kidney damage. The aim of the present study was to determine the predictive value of serum cystatin C and urinary NGAL as indicators of mortality in patients undergoing percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR). METHODS: A total of 120 consecutive patients (age: 77.3 years [±11.2]) undergoing PMVR using the MitraClip system were included in this study. Venous blood and urinary samples were collected for biomarker analysis prior to PMVR. Physiological parameters, medication use, safety events, and all-cause mortality were assessed 12 months after the procedure. RESULTS: Twelve months after PMVR, there was a significant reduction in the severity of MR (P < 0.001), and an improvement in the New York Heart Association class (P < 0.01) was documented. Baseline levels of serum cystatin C (nonsurvivors: 2.4 mg/L [interquartile, IQR: 1.7;3.1] vs survivors: 1.7 mg/L [IQR: 1,3;2.1], P < 0.001) and urinary NGAL (nonsurvivors: 242.0 ng/mL [IQR: 154.5;281.5] vs survivors: 132.0 ng/mL [IQR:107.0;177.3], P < 0.001) were significantly higher in patients who died during the 12-month follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Cystatin C and urinary NGAL were found to be predictors of long-term mortality in high-risk patients undergoing PMVR. Thus, cystatin C and NGAL assessment may be helpful in risk stratification in patients undergoing PMVR.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cistatina C/sangue , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Rim/fisiopatologia , Lipocalina-2/urina , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/urina , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Nefropatias/complicações , Nefropatias/mortalidade , Nefropatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(19): e008032, 2018 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30371308

RESUMO

Background Patients with chronic kidney disease ( CKD ) are at high risk of myocardial infarction. Cardiac troponins are the biomarkers of choice for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction ( AMI ) without ST -segment elevation ( NSTE ). In patients with CKD , troponin levels are often chronically elevated, which reduces their diagnostic utility when NSTE - AMI is suspected. The aim of this study was to derive a diagnostic algorithm for serial troponin measurements in patients with CKD and suspected NSTE - AMI . Methods and Results Two cohorts, 1494 patients from a prospective cohort study with high-sensitivity troponin I (hs- cTnI ) measurements and 7059 cases from a clinical registry with high-sensitivity troponin T (hs- cTnT ) measurements, were analyzed. The prospective cohort comprised 280 CKD patients (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2). The registry data set contained 1581 CKD patients. In both cohorts, CKD patients were more likely to have adjudicated NSTE - AMI than non- CKD patients. The specificities of hs- cTnI and hs- cTnT to detect NSTE - AMI were reduced with CKD (0.82 versus 0.91 for hs- cTnI and 0.26 versus 0.73 for hs- cTnT ) but could be restored by applying optimized cutoffs to either the first or a second measurement after 3 hours. The best diagnostic performance was achieved with an algorithm that incorporates serial measurements and rules in or out AMI in 69% (hs- cTnI ) and 55% (hs- cTnT ) of CKD patients. Conclusions The diagnostic performance of high-sensitivity cardiac troponins in patients with CKD with suspected NSTE - AMI is improved by use of an algorithm based on admission troponin and dynamic changes in troponin concentration.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia
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