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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535020

RESUMO

RATIONALE: A link between sphingolipids, 17q21 genetic variants and childhood asthma has been suggested, but the underlying mechanisms and characteristics of such asthma endotype remain to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To study the sphingolipid-associated childhood asthma endotype using multi-omics data. METHODS: We used untargeted LC-MS plasma metabolomics profiles at age 6 months and 6 years from >500 children in the COPSAC2010 birth cohort focusing on sphingolipids, and integrated 17q21 genotype and nasal gene expression of serine palmitoyl-CoA transferase (SPT), i.e. the rate-limiting enzyme in the de novo sphingolipid synthesis, in relation to asthma development and lung function traits from infancy till age 6 years. Replication was sought in the independent VDAART cohort. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Lower levels of ceramides and sphingomyelins at age 6 months were associated with increased risk of developing asthma before age 3, which was also observed in VDAART. At age 6 years, lower levels of key phosphosphingolipids, e.g. sphinganine-1-phosphate were associated with increased airway resistance. This relationship was dependent on 17q21 genotype and nasal SPT gene expression with significant interaction between genotype and phosphosphingolipids levels and between genotype and SPT expression, showing lower phosphosphingolipids and reduced SPT expression with increasing number of at-risk alleles. However, the findings did not pass FDR<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: This exploratory study suggests the existence of a childhood asthma endotype with early onset and increased airway resistance that is characterized by reduced sphingolipid levels that is associated with 17q21 genetic variants and expression of the SPT enzyme.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung function impairment in early life often persists into adulthood. Therefore, identifying risk factors for low childhood lung function is crucial. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effect of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) level and childhood asthma phenotype on childhood lung function in the Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction Trial (VDAART). METHODS: 25(OH)D level was measured at set time points in mothers during pregnancy and in children during early life. Based on parental reports, children were categorized into three clinical phenotypes: asymptomatic/infrequent wheeze, early transient wheeze, and asthma at age 6 years. Lung function was assessed with impulse oscillometry at ages 4, 5, and 6 years and with spirometry at ages 5 and 6 years. RESULTS: 570 mother-child pairs were included in this post-hoc analysis. Mean gestational 25(OH)D level quartiles were negatively associated with child respiratory resistance at 5 Hz (R5) from age 4 to 6 years (ß -0.021 kPa/L/s; 95% CI -0.035 to -0.007; P=0.003) and positively associated with FEV1 (ß 0.018 L; 95% CI 0.005 to 0.031; P=0.008) and FVC (ß 0.022 L; 95% CI 0.009 to 0.036; P=0.002) from age 5 to 6 years. Children with asthma at age 6 years had lower lung function from age 4 to 6 years than the asymptomatic/infrequent wheeze group (ß 0.065 kPa/L/s; 95% CI 0.028 to 0.102; P<0.001 for R5 and ß -0.063 L; 95% CI -0.099 to -0.028; P<0.001 for FEV1). CONCLUSION: Low gestational 25(OH)D level and childhood asthma are important risk factors for decreased lung function in early childhood. CLINICALTRIALS. GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT00920621.

3.
Environ Health ; 20(1): 3, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term exposures to air pollution has been reported to be associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. However, the underlying metabolic mechanisms remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the changes in the blood metabolome and thus the metabolic pathways associated with long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and ambient temperature. METHODS: We quantified metabolites using mass-spectrometry based global untargeted metabolomic profiling of plasma samples among men from the Normative Aging Study (NAS). We estimated the association between long-term exposure to PM2.5, NO2, O3, and temperature (annual average of central site monitors) with metabolites and their associated metabolic pathways. We used multivariable linear mixed-effect regression models (LMEM) while simultaneously adjusting for the four exposures and potential confounding and correcting for multiple testing. As a reduction method for the intercorrelated metabolites (outcome), we further used an independent component analysis (ICA) and conducted LMEM with the same exposures. RESULTS: Men (N = 456) provided 648 blood samples between 2000 and 2016 in which 1158 metabolites were quantified. On average, men were 75.0 years and had an average body mass index of 27.7 kg/m2. Almost all men (97%) were not current smokers. The adjusted analysis showed statistically significant associations with several metabolites (58 metabolites with PM2.5, 15 metabolites with NO2, and 6 metabolites with temperature) while no metabolites were associated with O3. One out of five ICA factors (factor 2) was significantly associated with PM2.5. We identified eight perturbed metabolic pathways with long-term exposure to PM2.5 and temperature: glycerophospholipid, sphingolipid, glutathione, beta-alanine, propanoate, and purine metabolism, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, and taurine and hypotaurine metabolism. These pathways are related to inflammation, oxidative stress, immunity, and nucleic acid damage and repair. CONCLUSIONS: Using a global untargeted metabolomic approach, we identified several significant metabolites and metabolic pathways associated with long-term exposure to PM2.5, NO2 and temperature. This study is the largest metabolomics study of long-term air pollution, to date, the first study to report a metabolomic signature of long-term temperature exposure, and the first to use ICA in the analysis of both.

4.
Metabolites ; 10(9)2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32824932

RESUMO

The relationship between developmental milestone achievement in infancy and later cognitive function and mental health is well established, but underlying biochemical mechanisms are poorly described. Our study aims to discover pathways connected to motor milestone achievement during infancy by using untargeted plasma metabolomic profiles from 571 six-month-old children in connection with age of motor milestones achievement (Denver Developmental Index) in the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood 2010 (COPSAC2010) mother-child cohort. We used univariate regression models and multivariate modelling (Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis: PLS-DA) to examine the associations and the VDAART (Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction Trial) cohort for validation. The univariate analyses showed 62 metabolites associated with gross-motor milestone achievement (p < 0.05) as well as the PLS-DA significantly differentiated between slow and fast milestone achievers (AUC = 0.87, p = 0.01). Higher levels of tyramine-O-sulfate in the tyrosine pathway were found in the late achievers in COPSAC (p = 0.0002) and in VDAART (p = 0.02). Furthermore, we observed that slow achievers were characterized by higher levels of fatty acids and products of fatty acids metabolism including acyl carnitines. Finally, we also observed changes in the lysine, histidine, glutamate, creatine and tryptophan pathways. Observing these metabolic changes in relation to gross-motor milestones in the first year of life, may be of importance for later cognitive function and mental health.

5.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1866(12): 165936, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827647

RESUMO

Physical activity (PA) and exercise are among the most important determinants of health. However, PA is a complex and heterogeneous behavior and the biological mechanisms through which it impacts individuals and populations in different ways are not well understood. Genetics and environment likely play pivotal roles but further work is needed to understand their relative contributions and how they may be mediated. Metabolomics offers a promising approach to explore these relationships. In this review, we provide a comprehensive appraisal of the PA-metabolomics literature to date. This overwhelmingly supports the hypothesis of a metabolomic response to PA, which can differ between groups and individuals. It also suggests a biological gradient in this response based on PA intensity, with some evidence for global longer-term changes in the metabolome of highly active individuals. However, many questions remain and we conclude by highlighting future critical research avenues to help elucidate the role of PA in the maintenance of health and the development of disease.

6.
Environ Res ; 190: 110022, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) is widespread and exposure to this non-essential heavy metal can cause multiple negative health effects; however the mechanisms underlying these effects remain incompletely understood. OBJECTIVES: To identify plasma metabolomic signatures of Pb exposure, as measured in blood and toenails. METHODS: In a subset of men from the VA Normative Aging Study, mass-spectrometry based plasma metabolomic profiling was performed. Pb levels were measured in blood samples and toenail clippings collected concurrently. Multivariable linear regression models, smoothing splines and Pathway analyses were employed to identify metabolites associated with Pb exposure. RESULTS: In 399 men, 858 metabolites were measured and passed QC, of which 154 (17.9%) were significantly associated with blood Pb (p < 0.05). Eleven of these passed stringent correction for multiple testing, including pro-hydroxy-pro (ß(95%CI): 1.52 (0.93,2.12), p = 7.18x10-7), N-acetylglycine (ß(95%CI): 1.44 (0.85,2.02), p = 1.12x10-6), tartarate (ß(95%CI): 0.68 (0.35,1.00), p = 4.84x10-5), vanillylmandelate (ß(95%CI): 1.05 (0.47,1.63), p = 4.44x10-7), and lysine (ß(95%CI): 1.88 (-2.8,-0.95), p = 9.10x10-5). A subset of 48 men had a second blood sample collected a mean of 6.1 years after their first. Three of the top eleven metabolites were also significant in this second blood sample. Furthermore, we identified 70 plasma metabolites associated with Pb as measured in toenails. Twenty-three plasma metabolites were significantly associated with both blood and toenail measures, while others appeared to be specific to the biosample in which Pb was measured. For example, benzanoate metabolism appeared to be of importance with the longer-term exposure assessed by toenails. DISCUSSION: Pb exposure is responsible for 0.6% of the global burden of disease and metabolomics is particularly well-suited to explore its pathogenic mechanisms. In this study, we identified metabolites and metabolomic pathways associated with Pb exposure that suggest that Pb exposure acts through oxidative stress and immune dysfunction. These findings help us to better understand the biology of this important public health burden.

7.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 76(4): 1267-1280, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minorities, including mainland Puerto Ricans, are impacted disproportionally by Alzheimer's disease (AD), dementia, and cognitive decline. Studying blood metabolomics in this population has the potential to probe the biological underpinnings of this health disparity. OBJECTIVE: We performed a comprehensive analysis of circulating plasma metabolites in relation to cognitive function in 736 participants from the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study (BPRHS) who underwent untargeted mass-spectrometry based metabolomics analysis and had undergone a battery of in-person cognitive testing at baseline. METHODS: After relevant exclusions, 621 metabolites were examined. We used multivariable regression, adjusted for age, sex, education, apolipoprotein E genotype, smoking, and Mediterranean dietary pattern, to identify metabolites related to global cognitive function in our cohort. LASSO machine learning was used in a complementary analysis to identify metabolites that could discriminate good from poor extremes of cognition. We also conducted sensitivity analyses: restricted to participants without diabetes, and to participants with good adherence to Mediterranean diet. RESULTS: Of 621 metabolites, FDR corrected (p < 0.05) multivariable linear regression identified 3 metabolites positively, and 10 negatively, associated with cognitive function in the BPRHS. In a combination of FDR-corrected linear regression, logistic regression regularized via LASSO, and sensitivity analyses restricted to participants without diabetes, and with good adherence to the Mediterranean diet, ß-cryptoxanthin plasma concentration was consistently associated with better cognitive function and N-acetylisoleucine and tyramine O-sulfate concentrations were consistently associated with worse cognitive function. CONCLUSION: This untargeted metabolomics study identified potential biomarkers for cognitive function in a cohort of Puerto Rican older adults.

8.
Infant Behav Dev ; 60: 101462, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies investigated whether late preterm infants might have developmental delays in several domains in early life and how stable the lag in developmental status might be. AIM: We aimed to examine the stability of potential delays across developmental domains at 24 and 36 months of age in late preterm (34°-366 weeks) and term (≥37 weeks) children and whether the risk of delays remained high at 36 months. STUDY DESIGN, SUBJECTS, AND OUTCOME MEASURE: We conducted a prospective cohort analysis of the children of pregnant women participating in the Vitamin Antenatal Asthma Reduction Trial (VDAART). 652 children who were prospectively followed up and had parent-completed Ages Stages Questionnaires (ASQ-3) questionnaires at both 24 and 36 months were analyzed to assess their domain-specific developmental status. RESULTS: 6.61 % (42/635) of children had a late preterm birth. Developmental delays were stable between 24 and 36 months on all 5 domains for the children born preterm and on 4/5 domains for those born at term. The developmental domains with the status stability at 24 and 36 months in both late preterm and term children were the gross motor, communication, personal-social skills, and problem-solving. Late preterm children compared with term children remained at higher risk of delays at 36 months for gross motor, communication, and problem-solving skills (aOR = 4.54, 95 %CI: 1.81-10.79; aOR = 8.60, 95 %CI: 3.10-23.28 and aOR = 3.80, 95 %CI: 1.58-8.73, respectively). CONCLUSION: Late preterm birth is associated with suboptimal development and stability in several domains at both 24 and 36 months and compared with term birth, requiring early monitoring and assessment of the developmental lag to avoid potential long-term implications.

9.
Metabolites ; 10(5)2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369899

RESUMO

In this review, we discuss the growing literature demonstrating robust and pervasive associations between the microbiome and metabolome. We focus on the gut microbiome, which harbors the taxonomically most diverse and the largest collection of microorganisms in the human body. Methods for integrative analysis of these "omics" are under active investigation and we discuss the advances and challenges in the combined use of metabolomics and microbiome data. Findings from large consortia, including the Human Microbiome Project and Metagenomics of the Human Intestinal Tract (MetaHIT) and others demonstrate the impact of microbiome-metabolome interactions on human health. Mechanisms whereby the microbes residing in the human body interact with metabolites to impact disease risk are beginning to be elucidated, and discoveries in this area will likely be harnessed to develop preventive and treatment strategies for complex diseases.

10.
Metabolites ; 10(4)2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295265

RESUMO

Vitamin D deficiency contributes to a multitude of health conditions, but its biological mechanisms are not adequately understood. Untargeted metabolomics offers the opportunity to comprehensively examine the metabolic profile associated with variations in vitamin D concentrations. The objective of the current analysis was to identify metabolites and metabolic pathways associated with plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations. The current study included children of pregnant women in the Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction Trial, who had 25(OH)D and global metabolomics data at age 1 and 3 years. We assessed the cross-sectional associations between individual metabolites and 25(OH)D using linear regression adjusting for confounding factors. Twelve metabolites were significantly associated with plasma 25(OH)D concentrations at both age 1 and 3 after correction for multiple comparisons, including three members of the n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolism pathway (linoleate, arachidonate, and docosapentaenoate) inversely associated with 25(OH)D. These PUFAs along with four other significant metabolites were replicated in the independent Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP) cohort. Both vitamin D and n-6 PUFAs are involved in inflammatory processes, and evidence from cell and animal studies demonstrate a plausible biological mechanism where the active form of 25(OH)D may influence n-6 PUFA metabolism. These relationships warrant further investigation in other populations.

11.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 38, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118022

RESUMO

Background: Asthma is known to display different phenotypes across the life-course, suggesting that age related changes are particularly relevant to understanding asthma pathogenesis and remission. We have previously demonstrated that a lung function phenotype associated with asthma, bronchodilator response, is reduced with age, at rate of 0.24 percent per year. Methods: In this study, we interrogated the serum metabolome, to determine whether circulating metabolites mediate age-related changes in bronchodilator response (BDR) for individuals with asthma. We used data on 295 participants from the follow-up phase of the CAMP clinical trial (age 12.2-25.9 years; mean BDR of 8%, standard deviation 7%). Using a counterfactual framework, we analyzed over 500 pareto-scaled metabolites using mediation analysis to identify indirect effects of age through potential metabolite mediators. Results: There was a significant indirect effect of age on BDR through 4 plasmalogens (C36:1 PC and related metabolites) (Indirect Effect Beta = -0.001, p = 0.006). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that plasmalogens may contribute to age-related asthma phenotypes, and may also serve as potential pharmacologic targets for enhancement of lung function in individuals with asthma. Trial Registration: This work uses data from the previous clinical trial of asthma, the Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP), registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, # NCT00000575.

12.
Metabolites ; 10(3)2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155960

RESUMO

In this review, we discuss gut microbial-derived metabolites involved with the origins and pathophysiology of asthma, a chronic respiratory disease that is influenced by the microbiome. Although both gut and airway microbiomes may be important in asthma development, we focus here on the gut microbiome and metabolomic pathways involved in immune system ontogeny. Metabolite classes with existing evidence that microbial-derived products influence asthma risk include short chain fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids and bile acids. While tryptophan metabolites and sphingolipids have known associations with asthma, additional research is needed to clarify the extent to which the microbiome contributes to the effects of these metabolites on asthma. These metabolite classes can influence immune function in one of two ways: (i) promoting growth or maturity of certain immune cell populations or (ii) influencing antigenic load by enhancing the number or species of specific bacteria. A more comprehensive understanding of how gut microbes and metabolites interact to modify asthma risk and morbidity will pave the way for targeted diagnostics and treatments.

13.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229241, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32119686

RESUMO

While genome-wide association studies have identified genes involved in differential treatment responses to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in asthma, few studies have evaluated the potential effects of age in this context. A significant proportion of asthmatics experience exacerbations (hospitalizations and emergency department visits) during ICS treatment. We evaluated the interaction of genetic variation and age on ICS response (measured by the occurrence of exacerbations) through a genome-wide interaction study (GWIS) of 1,321 adult and child asthmatic patients of European ancestry. We identified 107 genome-wide suggestive (P<10-05) age-by-genotype interactions, two of which also met genome-wide significance (P<5x10-08) (rs34631960 [OR 2.3±1.6-3.3] in thrombospondin type 1 domain-containing protein 4 (THSD4) and rs2328386 [OR 0.5±0.3-0.7] in human immunodeficiency virus type I enhancer binding protein 2 (HIVEP2)) by joint analysis of GWIS results from discovery and replication populations. In addition to THSD4 and HIVEP2, age-by-genotype interactions also prioritized genes previously identified as asthma candidate genes, including DPP10, HDAC9, TBXAS1, FBXL7, and GSDMB/ORMDL3, as pharmacogenomic loci as well. This study is the first to link these genes to a pharmacogenetic trait for asthma.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Antiasmáticos/administração & dosagem , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Variantes Farmacogenômicos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas ADAM/genética , Administração por Inalação , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Asma/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Brain Behav Immun ; 83: 293-297, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606476

RESUMO

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are complex and multifactorial. Previous investigations have revealed associations between allergic disease and ASD, which are characterized by impaired communication skills. In this study we observed an association between allergic disease and communication skills development as assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) communication score, as a proxy for ASD, among children who participated in the Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction Trial (VDAART). In particular, we observed significant associations between both a diagnosis of eczema at age 3 years (OR = 1.87; confidence interval [CI]: 0.97-3.47; p = 0.054) and a diagnosis of food allergy at age 6 years (OR = 3.61; 95% CI: 1.18-9.85; p = 0.015) with ASQ communication score. Plasma metabolomics analyses suggest that dysregulated tryptophan metabolism may contribute to the pathogenesis of these co-morbidities.

18.
Chest ; 156(6): 1068-1079, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common respiratory disorder with a highly heterogeneous nature that remains poorly understood. The objective was to use whole genome sequencing (WGS) data to identify regions of common genetic variation contributing to lung function in individuals with a diagnosis of asthma. METHODS: WGS data were generated for 1,053 individuals from trios and extended pedigrees participating in the family-based Genetic Epidemiology of Asthma in Costa Rica study. Asthma affection status was defined through a physician's diagnosis of asthma, and most participants with asthma also had airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine. Family-based association tests for single variants were performed to assess the associations with lung function phenotypes. RESULTS: A genome-wide significant association was identified between baseline FEV1/FVC ratio and a single-nucleotide polymorphism in the top hit cysteine-rich secretory protein LCCL domain-containing 2 (CRISPLD2) (rs12051168; P = 3.6 × 10-8 in the unadjusted model) that retained suggestive significance in the covariate-adjusted model (P = 5.6 × 10-6). Rs12051168 was also nominally associated with other related phenotypes: baseline FEV1 (P = 3.3 × 10-3), postbronchodilator (PB) FEV1 (7.3 × 10-3), and PB FEV1/FVC ratio (P = 2.7 × 10-3). The identified baseline FEV1/FVC ratio and rs12051168 association was meta-analyzed and replicated in three independent cohorts in which most participants with asthma also had confirmed AHR (combined weighted z-score P = .015) but not in cohorts without information about AHR. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that using specific asthma characteristics, such as AHR, can help identify more genetically homogeneous asthma subgroups with genotype-phenotype associations that may not be observed in all children with asthma. CRISPLD2 also may be important for baseline lung function in individuals with asthma who also may have AHR.


Assuntos
Asma/genética , Asma/fisiopatologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Volume Expiratório Forçado/genética , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Capacidade Vital/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Costa Rica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Respiratórios/genética , Adulto Jovem
19.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol ; 123(6): 558-563, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Omics, aka multi-omics, is an emerging area of research that is advancing the use of personalized medicine in clinical practice and is therefore relevant for the practicing allergist. DATA SOURCES: We performed a literature search of a selection of scientific findings in omics and allergy, including variants that may be important to allergy outcomes in the genome, transcriptome, metabolome, microbiome, epigenome, and exposome, among others. STUDY SELECTIONS: Basic science papers and review articles. RESULTS: The use of multi-omic data in clinical practice is changing how clinicians treat their patients whereby more personalized approaches are becoming standard in medical practice and has the potential to transform the treatment of allergies. CONCLUSION: Multi-omic data are relevant and will become increasingly important for the clinical allergist.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Hipersensibilidade , Medicina de Precisão , Alergistas , Alergia e Imunologia , Exposição Ambiental , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/genética , Hipersensibilidade/metabolismo , Hipersensibilidade/microbiologia , Hipersensibilidade/terapia
20.
Metabolites ; 9(9)2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500319

RESUMO

The role of metabolism in modifying age-related differential responses to asthma medications is insufficiently understood. The objective of this study was to determine the role of the metabolome in modifying the effect of age on bronchodilator response (BDR) in individuals with asthma. We used longitudinal measures of BDR and plasma metabolomic profiling in 565 children with asthma from the Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP) to identify age by metabolite interactions on BDR. The mean ages at the three studied time-points across 16 years of follow-up in CAMP were 8.8, 12.8, and 16.8 years; the mean BDRs were 11%, 9% and 8%, respectively. Of 501 identified metabolites, 39 (7.8%) demonstrated a significant interaction with age on BDR (p-value < 0.05). We were able to validate two significant interactions in 320 children with asthma from the Genetics of Asthma in Costa Rica Study; 2-hydroxyglutarate, a compound involved in butanoate metabolism (interaction; CAMP: ß = -0.004, p = 1.8 × 10-4; GACRS: ß = -0.015, p = 0.018), and a cholesterol ester; CE C18:1 (CAMP: ß = 0.005, p = 0.006; GACRS: ß = 0.023, p = 0.041) Five additional metabolites had a p-value < 0.1 in GACRS, including Gammaminobutyric acid (GABA), C16:0 CE, C20:4 CE, C18.0 CE and ribothymidine. These findings suggest Cholesterol esters and GABA may modify the estimated effect of age on bronchodilator response.

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