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Nanoscale ; 7(16): 7267-74, 2015 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25811140


Single wire p(+)-n(+) radial junction nanowire solar cell devices were fabricated by low pressure chemical vapor deposition of n(+) silicon shell layers on p(+) silicon nanowires synthesized by vapor-liquid-solid growth. The n(+)-shell layers were deposited at two growth temperatures (650 °C and 950 °C) to study the impact of shell crystallinity on the device properties. The n-type Si shell layers deposited at 650 °C were polycrystalline and resulted in diodes that were not rectifying. A pre-coating anneal at 950 °C in H2 improved the structural quality of the shell layers and yielded diodes with a dark saturation current density of 3 × 10(-5) A cm(-2). Deposition of the n-type Si shell layer at 950 °C resulted in epitaxial growth on the nanowire core, which lowered the dark saturation current density to 3 × 10(-7) A cm(-2) and increased the solar energy conversion efficiency. Temperature-dependent current-voltage measurements demonstrated that the 950 °C coated devices were abrupt junction p(+)-n(+) diodes with band-to-band tunneling at high reverse-bias voltage, while multi-step tunneling degraded the performance of devices fabricated with a 950 °C anneal and 650 °C coating. The higher trap density of the 950 °C annealed 650 °C coated devices is believed to arise from the polycrystalline nature of the shell layer coating, which results in an increased density of dangling bonds at the p(+)-n(+) junction interface.

J Phys Chem Lett ; 5(12): 2050-7, 2014 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26270492


We simultaneously determined the charge carrier mobility and picosecond to nanosecond carrier dynamics of isolated silicon nanowires (Si NWs) and nanocrystals (Si NCs) using time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy. We then compared these results to data measured on bulk c-Si as a function of excitation fluence. We find >1 ns carrier lifetimes in Si NWs that are dominated by surface recombination with surface recombination velocities (SRV) between ∼1100-1700 cm s(-1) depending on process conditions. The Si NCs have markedly different decay dynamics. Initially, free-carriers are produced, but relax within ∼1.5 ps to form bound excitons. Subsequently, the excitons decay with lifetimes >7 ns, similar to free carriers produced in bulk Si. The isolated Si NWs exhibit bulk-like mobilities that decrease with increasing excitation density, while the hot-carrier mobilities in the Si NCs are lower than bulk mobilities and could only be measured within the initial 1.5 ps decay. We discuss the implications of our measurements on the utilization of Si NWs and NCs in macroscopic optoelectronic applications.