Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 309
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Anal Biochem ; : 113697, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224145

RESUMO

For a representative number of approved or investigational anticancer metallodrugs varying in lipophilicity, unspecific adsorption onto ultracentrifugal filter units was studied. It was found that for fairly hydrophilic compounds, such as cisplatin and oxaliplatin, the binding to filters does not substantially affect their amount measured (by ICP-MS) after ultrafiltration (>95%). In the case of metal complexes with moderate lipophilicity (log P > -0.1), adsorption effects turn out to be substantial. This might impede using ultrafiltration for studying the transformations of such drugs in human serum, unless they are rapidly converted into the protein adducts. The adsorption-suppressing effect of proteins was proved for indazolium trans-[tetrachloridobis(1H-indazole)ruthenate(III)] whose recovery from the filters was 61 and 14% in free and HSA-bound form, respectively.

2.
Molecules ; 25(5)2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143435

RESUMO

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors revolutionized cancer therapy but still evoke strong adverse effects that can dramatically reduce patients' quality of life. One possibility to enhance drug safety is the exploitation of prodrug strategies to selectively activate a drug inside the tumor tissue. In this study, we designed a prodrug strategy for the approved c-MET, ALK, and ROS1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor crizotinib. Therefore, a boronic-acid trigger moiety was attached to the 2-aminopyridine group of crizotinib, which is a crucial position for target kinase binding. The influence of the modifications on the c-MET- and ALK-binding ability was investigated by docking studies, and the strongly reduced interactions could be confirmed by cell-free kinase inhibition assay. Furthermore, the newly synthesized compounds were tested for their activation behavior with H2O2 and their stability in cell culture medium and serum. Finally, the biological activity of the prodrugs was investigated in three cancer cell lines and revealed a good correlation between activity and intrinsic H2O2 levels of the cells for prodrug A. Furthermore, the activity of this prodrug was distinctly reduced in a non-malignant, c-MET expressing human lung fibroblast (HLF) cell line.

3.
J Biol Inorg Chem ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193613

RESUMO

Topoisomerase IIα (topo2α) is an essential nuclear enzyme involved in DNA replication, transcription, recombination, chromosome condensation, and highly expressed in many tumors. Thus, topo2α-targeting has become a very efficient and well-established anticancer strategy. Herein, we investigate the cytotoxic and DNA-damaging activity of thiomaltol-containing ruthenium-, osmium-, rhodium- and iridium-based organometallic complexes in human mammary carcinoma cell lines by means of several biological assays, including knockdown of topo2α expression levels by RNA interference. Results suggest that inhibition of topo2α is a key process in the cytotoxic mechanism for some of the compounds, whereas direct induction of DNA double-strand breaks or other DNA damage is mostly rather minor. In addition, molecular modeling studies performed for two of the compounds (with Ru(II) as the metal center) evinces that these complexes are able to access the DNA-binding pocket of the enzyme, where the hydrophilic environment favors the interaction with highly polar complexes. These findings substantiate the potential of these compounds for application as antitumor metallopharmaceuticals.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 59(5): 2978-2987, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037809

RESUMO

We have synthesized and structurally characterized three tetra-(p-tolyl)antimony(III)-containing heteropolytungstates, [{(p-tolyl)SbIII}4(A-α-XW9O34)2]n- [X = PV (1-P), AsV (1-As), or GeIV (1-Ge)], in aqueous solution using conventional, one-pot procedures. The polyanions 1-P, 1-As, and 1-Ge were fully characterized in the solid state and in solution and were shown to be soluble and stable in aqueous medium at pH 7. Biological studies demonstrated that all three polyanions possess significant antibacterial and antitumor activities. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of 1-P, 1-As, and 1-Ge were determined against four kinds of bacteria, including the two pathogenic bacteria strains, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus. The three novel polyanions also showed high cytotoxic potency in the human cell lines A549 (non-small cell lung cancer), CH1/PA-1 (ovarian teratocarcinoma), and SW480 (colon carcinoma).

5.
Chemistry ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958176

RESUMO

A series of 16 dinuclear thiopyridone-based organometallics with excellent water-solubility, increased stability and remarkable cytotoxicity were synthesized and characterized. The complexes of this work formed dimeric species featuring a double positive charge in polar protic solvents, accounting for their outstanding solubility in aqueous solution. Most of them displayed higher antiproliferative activity than their parental thiomaltol complex, with unexpected cytotoxicity trends depending on the employed metal center, ligand modification, and cell line. Insights into their behavior in biological systems were gathered by means of amino-acid interaction studies, cytotoxicity tests in 3D spheroid models, laser ablation, cellular accumulation measurements, as well as cell cycle experiments.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 49(5): 1393-1397, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950944

RESUMO

Novel phthiocol-based organometallics with in situ formed tridentate N,O,O-coordination motif were established via three-component microwave assisted one-pot reaction. These complexes exhibited enhanced stability in aqueous solution compared to the parental compound KP2048 and showed unexpected cytotoxic behaviour and selectivity in 2D and 3D cell cultures.

7.
Mol Cell Proteomics ; 19(3): 478-489, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892524

RESUMO

The prediction of metastatic properties from molecular analyses still poses a major challenge. Here we aimed at the classification of metastasis-related cell properties by proteome profiling making use of cutaneous and brain-metastasizing variants from single melanomas sharing the same genetic ancestry. Previous experiments demonstrated that cultured cells derived from these xenografted variants maintain a stable phenotype associated with a differential metastatic behavior: The brain metastasizing variants produce more spontaneous micro-metastases than the corresponding cutaneous variants. Four corresponding pairs of cutaneous and metastatic cells were obtained from four individual patients, resulting in eight cell-lines presently investigated. Label free proteome profiling revealed significant differences between corresponding pairs of cutaneous and cerebellar metastases from the same patient. Indeed, each brain metastasizing variant expressed several apparently metastasis-associated proteomic alterations as compared with the corresponding cutaneous variant. Among the differentially expressed proteins we identified cell adhesion molecules, immune regulators, epithelial to mesenchymal transition markers, stem cell markers, redox regulators and cytokines. Similar results were observed regarding eicosanoids, considered relevant for metastasis, such as PGE2 and 12-HETE. Multiparametric morphological analysis of cells also revealed no characteristic alterations associated with the cutaneous and brain metastasis variants. However, no correct classification regarding metastatic potential was yet possible with the present data. We thus concluded that molecular profiling is able to classify cells according to known functional categories but is not yet able to predict relevant cell properties emerging from networks consisting of many interconnected molecules. The presently observed broad diversity of molecular patterns, irrespective of restricting to one tumor type and two main classes of metastasis, highlights the important need to develop meta-analysis strategies to predict cell properties from molecular profiling data. Such base knowledge will greatly support future individualized precision medicine approaches.

8.
Chemistry ; 26(10): 2211-2221, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560142

RESUMO

The synthesis, characterization and biological activity of molybdenum(IV) complexes containing Trofimenko's scorpionato ligand, hydrotris(3-isopropylpyrazolyl)borate (TpiPr ), in addition to varying biologically active as well as other conventional ligands is described. Ligands employed include (O,O-) (S,O-) (N,N-) donors that have been successfully coordinated to the molybdenum center by means of oxygen-atom transfer (OAT) reactions from the known MoVI starting material, TpiPr MoO2 Cl. The synthesized complexes were characterized by standard analytical methods and where possible by X-ray diffraction analysis. The aqueous stability of the compounds was studied by means of UV/Vis spectroscopy and the impact of the attached ligand scaffolds on the oxidation potentials (MoIV to MoV ) was studied by cyclic voltammetry. Utilizing polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as a solubilizing agent, adequate aqueous solubility for biological tests was obtained. Anticancer activity tests and preliminary mode of action studies have been performed in vitro and in vivo.

9.
Metallomics ; 11(12): 2010-2019, 2019 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593199

RESUMO

The scientific interest in cadmium (Cd) as a human health damaging agent has significantly increased over the past decades. However, particularly the histological distribution of Cd in human tissues is still scarcely defined. Using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), we determined the concentration of Cd in 40 different human tissues of four body donors and provided spatial information by elemental imaging on the microscopic distribution of Cd in 8 selected tissues by laser ablation (LA)-ICP-MS. ICP-MS results show that Cd concentrations differ by a factor of 20 000 between different tissues. Apart from the well know deposits in kidney, bone, and liver, our study provides evidence that muscle and adipose tissue are underestimated Cd pools. For the first time, we present spatially resolved Cd distributions in a broad panel of human soft tissues. The defined histological structures are mirrored by sharp cut differences in Cd concentrations between neighboring tissue types, particularly in the rectum, testis, and kidneys. The spatial resolution of the Cd distribution at microscopic level visualized intratissue hot spots of Cd accumulation and is suggested as a powerful tool to elucidate metal based toxicity at histological level.

10.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(10)2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658666

RESUMO

The DNA-binding of the natural benzophenanthridine alkaloid chelerythrine (CHE) has been assessed by combining molecular modeling and optical absorption spectroscopy. Specifically, both double-helical (B-DNA) and G-quadruplex sequences-representative of different topologies and possessing biological relevance, such as telomeric or regulatory sequences-have been considered. An original multiscale protocol, making use of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) calculations, allowed us to compare the theoretical and experimental circular dichroism spectra of the different DNA topologies, readily providing atomic-level details of the CHE-DNA binding modes. The binding selectivity towards G-quadruplexes is confirmed by both experimental and theoretical determination of the binding free energies. Overall, our mixed computational and experimental approach is able to shed light on the interaction of small molecules with different DNA conformations. In particular, CHE may be seen as the building block of promising drug candidates specifically targeting G-quadruplexes for both antitumoral and antiviral purposes.

11.
Metallomics ; 11(10): 1716-1728, 2019 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497817

RESUMO

Resistance development is a major obstacle for platinum-based chemotherapy, with the anticancer drug oxaliplatin being no exception. Acquired resistance is often associated with altered drug accumulation. In this work we introduce a novel -omics workflow enabling the parallel study of platinum drug uptake and its distribution between nucleus/protein and small molecule fraction along with metabolic changes after different treatment time points. This integrated metallomics/metabolomics approach is facilitated by a tailored sample preparation workflow suitable for preclinical studies on adherent cancer cell models. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry monitors the platinum drug, while the metabolomics tool-set is provided by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography combined with high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometry. The implemented method covers biochemical key pathways of cancer cell metabolism as shown by a panel of >130 metabolite standards. Furthermore, the addition of yeast-based 13C-enriched internal standards upon extraction enabled a novel targeted/untargeted analysis strategy. In this study we used our method to compare an oxaliplatin sensitive human colon cancer cell line (HCT116) and its corresponding resistant model. In the acquired oxaliplatin resistant cells distinct differences in oxaliplatin accumulation correlated with differences in metabolomic rearrangements. Using this multi-omics approach for platinum-treated samples facilitates the generation of novel hypotheses regarding the susceptibility and resistance towards oxaliplatin.

12.
Dalton Trans ; 48(32): 12040-12049, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292575

RESUMO

Quadruplex nucleic acids - DNA/RNA secondary structures formed in guanine rich sequences - proved to have key roles in the biology of cancers and, as such, in recent years they emerged as promising targets for small molecules. Many reports demonstrated that metal complexes can effectively stabilize quadruplex structures, promoting telomerase inhibition, downregulation of the expression of cancer-related genes and ultimately cancer cell death. Although extensively explored as anticancer agents, studies on the ability of ruthenium arene complexes to interact with quadruplex nucleic acids are surprisingly almost unknown. Herein, we report on the synthesis and characterization of four novel Ru(ii) arene complexes with 1,3-dioxoindan-2-carboxamides ligands bearing pendant naphthyl-groups designed to bind quadruplexes by both stacking and coordinating interactions. We show how improvements on the hydrolytic stability of such complexes, by substituting the chlorido leaving ligand with pyridine, have a dramatic impact on their interaction with quadruplexes and on their cytotoxicity against ovarian cancer cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Calixarenos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Quadruplex G , Rutênio/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Calixarenos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular , Rutênio/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(26): 10205-10213, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244182

RESUMO

The proto-oncogene KIT encodes for a tyrosine kinase receptor, which is a clinically validated target for treating gastrointestinal stromal tumors. The KIT promoter contains a G-rich domain within a relatively long sequence potentially able to form three adjacent G-quadruplex (G4) units, namely, K2, SP, and K1. These G4 domains have been studied mainly as single quadruplex units derived from short truncated sequences and are currently considered promising targets for anticancer drugs, alternatively to the encoded protein. Nevertheless, the information reported so far does not contemplate the interplay between those neighboring G4s in the context of the whole promoter, possibly thwarting drug-discovery efforts. Here we report the structural and functional study of the KIT promoter core sequence, in both single- and double-stranded forms, which includes all three predicted G4 units. By preventing the formation of alternatively one or two G4 units and by combining biophysical techniques and biological assays, we show for the first time that these quadruplexes cannot be analyzed independently, but they are correlated to each other. Our data suggest that, while K2 and K1 G-rich sequences retain the ability to fold into parallel G4 motifs within a long sequence, the SP G-rich domain contributes to G4 structure only together with K2. Remarkably, we have found that, in the context of a dynamic equilibrium between the three G4 units, the G4 formed by K1 has the most significant influence on the structure stability and on the biological role of the whole promoter.

14.
Molecules ; 24(13)2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31252521

RESUMO

Fine-tuning of the properties of a recently reported 1,3-indandione-based organoruthenium complex is attempted to optimize the stability under physiological conditions. Previous work has shown its capacity of inhibiting topoisomerase IIα; however, fast aquation leads to undesired reactions and ligand cleavage in the blood stream before the tumor tissue is reached. Exchange of the chlorido ligand for six different N-donor ligands resulted in new analogs that were stable at pH 7.4 and 8.5. Only a lowered pH level, as encountered in the extracellular space of the tumor tissue, was capable of aquating the complexes. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values in three human cancer cell lines differed only slightly, and their dependence on the utilized leaving group was smaller than what would be expected from their differences in cellular accumulation, but in accordance with the very minor variation revealed in measurements of the complexes' lipophilicity.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Rutênio/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , /farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Estrutura Molecular
15.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 174: 300-304, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195318

RESUMO

Along with a growing interest in biomedical applications of metal-based nanoparticles, there is a compelling need in systematic information on their behavior in human body systems, preferably at the cellular level. However, in most of the in-vitro uptake experiments, the nanomaterial was applied in its native form that in reality can hardly reach the cell. In this work, we developed an improved procedure in which prior to addition to the cells the particles are converted into the protein conjugates by incubation in human serum. The procedure was tested for gold nanoparticles of different size, chosen as a representative nanomaterial on multifunctional medicinal use, and MCF-7 cell line. Using ICP-MS to measure intracellular metal concentration, it was shown that an original state has significant effect on particle internalization. The protein corona significantly inhibits the uptake amount by MCF-7 cells, with the greatest influence (a 15-fold decrease compared to uncoated particles) being exerted over the smallest, 5-nm particles (3 pg Au/cell). Conjugates of larger particles (20 and 50 nm) are taken up more effectively (45 and 34 pg Au/cell, respectively). The advanced protocol makes the uptake results more reliable and its implementation may accelerate the preclinical development of metal-based nanoparticles as a viable theranostic implement.


Assuntos
Ouro/farmacocinética , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Coroa de Proteína , Adsorção , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Micro-Ondas , Tamanho da Partícula , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 659: 1158-1167, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096329

RESUMO

The levels of Cr, Cu, Zn, Se, Ag, Cd, Hg, and Pb were determined in muscle and liver samples from 30 specimens of fish belonging to the species Labeobarbus aeneus, Labeobarbus kimberleyensis, and Labeo umbratus from the Vaal Dam. Health risks for human fish consumers were estimated using the target hazard quotient (THQ), the Se:Hg-ratio, and Se health benefit value (Se HBV). This is the first comprehensive report on Hg levels in fish from this lake. Mean concentrations ranging from 0.247-0.481 mg/kg dw in muscle and from 0.170-0.363 mg/kg dw in liver clearly show a contamination with this element. Although levels in muscle did not exceed maximum allowances for human consumption, a calculated THQ of 0.12 and 0.14 for the two Labeobarbus species, respectively, showed a potential risk due to additive effects. All Se:Hg-ratios as well as Se HBVs clearly suggested positive effects for fish consumers. Levels of Cu were remarkably high in the liver of L. umbratus, calling for further investigation on this species. Cadmium levels were above the maximum allowances for fish consumption in the liver of all three species (means between 0.190 and 0.460 mg/kg dw), but below the LOD in all muscle and intestine samples. This is also the first report of Ag in fish from South Africa. Levels were below the LOD in muscle, but well detectable in liver; they varied significantly between the two Labeobarbus species (0.054 ±â€¯0.030 and 0.037 ±â€¯0.016 mg/kg dw) compared to L. umbratus (1.92 ±â€¯0.83 mg/kg dw) and showed a positive correlation with Cu levels (63.7 ±â€¯17.0; 70.3 ±â€¯9.0 and 1300 ±â€¯823 mg/kg dw), possibly due to similar chemical affinities to metallothioneins. The detected Ag levels can serve as a basis to monitor the development of this new pollutant in aquatic environments in South Africa and worldwide.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae/metabolismo , Monitoramento Ambiental , Oligoelementos/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Animais , Contaminação de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Mercúrio/metabolismo , Selênio/metabolismo , Prata/metabolismo , África do Sul
17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(24): 8007-8012, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002438

RESUMO

Metal-driven self-assembly afforded a multitude of fascinating supramolecular coordination complexes (SCCs) with applications as catalysts, host-guest, and stimuli-responsive systems. However, the interest in the biological applications of SCCs is only starting to emerge and thorough characterization of their behavior in biological milieus is still lacking. Herein, we report on the synthesis and detailed in-cell tracking of a Pt2 L2 metallacycle. We show that our hexagonal supramolecule accumulates in cancer cell nuclei, exerting a distinctive blue fluorescence staining of chromatin resistant to UV photobleaching selectively in nucleolar G4-rich regions. SCC co-localizes with epitopes of the quadruplex-specific antibody BG4 and replaces other well-known G4 stabilizers. Moreover, the photophysical changes accompanying the metallacycle binding to G4s in solution (fluorescence quenching, absorption enhancement) also take place intracellularly, allowing its subcellular interaction tracking.

18.
Metallomics ; 11(6): 1044-1048, 2019 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942231

RESUMO

The ruthenium complex sodium trans-[tetrachloridobis(1H-indazole)ruthenate(iii)] (KP1339/IT-139) showed preclinical activity in a variety of in vivo tumor models including a highly predictive colon cancer model. The compound has entered clinical trials, where patients experienced disease stabilization accompanied by mild side effects. KP1339, a GRP78 inhibitor, disrupts endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis leading to cell death. The PERK/eIF2α-branch of the ER plays an essential role in the cascade of events triggering immunogenic cell death (ICD). ICD makes dying cancer cells 'visible' to the immune system, initiating a prolonged immune response against the tumor. As some metal-based chemotherapeutics such as oxaliplatin are able to induce ICD, we investigate whether KP1339 could also trigger induction of the ICD signature. For this, we employ a three-dimensional colon cancer spheroid model and show for the first time that the treatment with KP1339, a ruthenium-based complex, triggers an ICD signature hallmarked by phosphorylation of PERK and eIF2α, exposure of calreticulin on the cell membrane, release of high mobility group box 1 and secretion of ATP.

19.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(22): 7464-7469, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30870571

RESUMO

Due to their high kinetic inertness and consequently reduced side reactions with biomolecules, PtIV complexes are considered to define the future of anticancer platinum drugs. The aqueous stability of a series of biscarboxylato PtIV complexes was studied under physiologically relevant conditions. Unexpectedly and in contrast to the current chemical understanding, especially oxaliplatin and satraplatin complexes underwent fast hydrolysis in equatorial position (even in cell culture medium and serum). Notably, the resulting hydrolysis products strongly differ in their reduction kinetics, a crucial parameter for the activation of PtIV drugs, which also changes the anticancer potential of the compounds in cell culture. The discovery that intact PtIV complexes can hydrolyze at equatorial position contradicts the dogma on the general kinetic inertness of PtIV compounds and needs to be considered in the screening and design for novel platinum-based anticancer drugs.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(29): 4270-4272, 2019 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30907914

RESUMO

A novel approach for monitoring the biomolecular interactions of superparamagnetic nanoparticles was disclosed. Based on ultrafiltration of a human serum-nanoparticle mixture and the mass spectrometric analysis of filtrates, this assay revealed for iron oxide nanoparticles coated with poly(acrylic acid) satisfactory biopersistence and a bimodal binding to sulfur-containing biomolecules, with the formation of the protein corona completed in about 1 h.


Assuntos
Bioensaio/métodos , Compostos Férricos/sangue , Compostos Férricos/metabolismo , Imãs/química , Nanopartículas/química , Biotransformação , Compostos Férricos/química , Humanos , Cinética , Peso Molecular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA