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J Affect Disord ; 273: 95-105, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32421626


OBJECTIVE: It is common for major depressive disorder (MDD) to be accompanied by gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, which are known to negatively impact the course and severity of the disease. Although previous studies have attempted to explore the neuropathology of MDD, few studies have focused on the pathogenesis of GI symptoms in MDD. In this study, we investigated the changes in regional gray matter volume (GMV) and regional homogeneity (ReHo) present in MDD accompanied by GI symptoms. METHOD: The following images were obtained and analyzed: Structural and functional magnetic resonance images (MRI) of 36 patients with MDD accompanied by GI symptoms (GI symptoms group), 22 patients without GI symptoms (Non-GI symptoms group), and 27 healthy controls (HC. The 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) was administered. A correlation analysis was used to identify the possible associations between altered regional GMV, ReHo symptoms, GI symptoms, and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: The total scores from the HAMD-24 in the GI symptoms group were significantly higher than in the Non-GI symptoms group (P<0.05). Significant differences in both GMV and ReHo were observed among the three groups for the right parahippocampal gyrus, left precentral gyrus, left middle frontal gyrus, right superior frontal gyrus, right middle frontal gyrus, and left inferior orbitofrontal gyrus (AlphaSim correction, P <0.001). The GI symptoms group exhibited significantly decreased GMV and ReHo in the left middle frontal gyrus, precentral gyrus, right superior frontal gyrus, and middle frontal gyrus. Additionally, the GI symptoms group exhibited increased ReHo in the left superior temporal gyrus at a higher level than the non-GI symptoms group. (AlphaSim correction, P <0.001). These altered brain areas were correlated with GI symptoms (P<0.001) but not depressive symptoms (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Patients with MDD accompanied by GI symptoms have more severe depressive symptoms. The structural and functional changes of the brain may be the pathogenesis for the GI symptoms in patients with MDD.

Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/complicações , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico por imagem , Lobo Frontal , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética