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1.
Redox Biol ; 38: 101766, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126057

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and irreversible disease characterized by an increase in differentiation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts and excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix in lung tissue. Pharmacological activation of NRF2 has proved to be a valuable antifibrotic approach, however the detailed mechanisms of how NRF2 mediates antifibrotic function remain unclear. In this study, we found that the antifibrotic function of sulforaphane (SFN), an NRF2 activator, was largely dependent on LOC344887, a long noncoding RNA. Two functional AREs were identified in both the promoter and intron 1 of LOC344887, which defines LOC344887 as a novel anti-fibrotic NRF2 target gene. RNA-seq analysis revealed that LOC344887 controls genes and signaling pathways associated with fibrogenesis. Deletion or downregulation of LOC344887 enhanced expression of CDH2/N-cadherin, as well as a number of other fibrotic genes and blunted the antifibrotic effects of SFN. Furthermore, LOC344887-mediated downregulation of fibrotic genes may involve the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, as pharmacologic inhibition of PI3K activity blocked the effects of LOC344887 knockdown. Our findings demonstrate that NRF2-mediated LOC344887 upregulation contributes to the antifibrotic potential of SFN by repressing the expression of CDH2 and other fibrotic genes, providing novel insight into how NRF2 controls the regulatory networks of IPF. This study provides a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of NRF2 activators against pulmonary fibrosis and presents a novel therapeutic axis for prevention and intervention of fibrosis-related diseases.

2.
Front Immunol ; 9: 1105, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29892285

RESUMO

Overcrowding conditions and temperatures shifts regularly manifest in large-scale infections of farmed fish, resulting in economic losses for the global aquaculture industries. Increased understanding of the functional mechanisms of fish antimicrobial host defenses is an important step forward in prevention of pathogen-induced morbidity and mortality in aquaculture setting. Like other vertebrates, macrophage-lineage cells are integral to fish immune responses and for this reason, much of the recent fish immunology research has focused on fish macrophage biology. These studies have revealed notable similarities as well as striking differences in the molecular strategies by which fish and higher vertebrates control their respective macrophage polarization and functionality. In this review, we address the current understanding of the biological mechanisms of teleost macrophage functional heterogeneity and immunity, focusing on the key cytokine regulators that control fish macrophage development and their antimicrobial armamentarium.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença/imunologia , Peixes/fisiologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Imunidade , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Imunidade Adaptativa , Animais , Biomarcadores , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Imunidade Inata , Ativação de Macrófagos/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais
3.
Turk J Med Sci ; 46(6): 1882-1888, 2016 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28081343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: DNA topoisomerases are ubiquitous enzymes that regulate conformational changes in DNA topology during essential cellular processes, and, for this reason, have been characterized as the cellular targets of a number of anticancer drugs. Bortezomib is a powerful proteasome inhibitor used in the treatment of hematological malignancies. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of bortezomib on human topoisomerase I and II enzymes both alone and in combination modes with camptothecin and etoposide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The interactions of these drugs with topoisomerase enzymes were evaluated by relaxation assay in cell-free systems. IC50 values of the drugs on topoisomerase enzymes were calculated using the S probit analysis program. RESULTS: Bortezomib showed a very weak inhibition effect on topoisomerase I (IC50 = 87.11 mM). On the other hand, it had a strong inhibitory effect on topoisomerase II (IC50 = 1.41 mM). Our results indicated that bortezomib is effective not only on proteasome but also on topoisomerase II. In addition, bortezomib possesses an increased synergistic effect when used in combination with camptothecin and etoposide than when used alone. CONCLUSION: The results of this study point out that these data may build a framework for combination studies with bortezomib, camptothecin, and etoposide in the treatment of cancer.


Assuntos
Bortezomib/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteassoma , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II
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