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1.
JAMA ; 324(4): 350-358, 2020 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721009

RESUMO

Importance: Opioid-induced ventilatory depression and hypoxemia is common, severe, and often unrecognized in postoperative patients. To the extent that nonopioid analgesics reduce opioid consumption, they may decrease postoperative hypoxemia. Objective: To test the hypothesis that duration of hypoxemia is less in patients given intravenous acetaminophen than those given placebo. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial conducted at 2 US academic hospitals among 570 patients who were undergoing abdominal surgery, enrolled from February 2015 through October 2018 and followed up until February 2019. Interventions: Participants were randomized to receive either intravenous acetaminophen, 1 g (n = 289), or normal saline placebo (n = 291) starting at the beginning of surgery and repeated every 6 hours until 48 postoperative hours or hospital discharge, whichever occurred first. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the total duration of hypoxemia (hemoglobin oxygen saturation [Spo2] <90%) per hour, with oxygen saturation measured continuously for 48 postoperative hours. Secondary outcomes were postoperative opioid consumption, pain (0- 10-point scale; 0: no pain; 10: the most pain imaginable), nausea and vomiting, sedation, minimal alveolar concentration of volatile anesthetic, fatigue, active time, and respiratory function. Results: Among 580 patients randomized (mean age, 49 years; 48% women), 570 (98%) completed the trial. The primary outcome, median duration with Spo2 of less than 90%, was 0.7 (interquartile range [IQR], 0.1-5.1) minutes per hour among patients in the acetaminophen group and 1.1 (IQR, 0.1-6.6) minutes per hour among patients in the placebo group (P = .29), with an estimated median difference of -0.04 (95% CI,-0.18 to 0.11) minutes per hour. None of the 8 secondary end points differed significantly between the acetaminophen and placebo groups. Mean pain scores within initial 48 postoperative hours were 4.2 (SD, 1.8) in the acetaminophen group and 4.4 (SD, 1.8) in the placebo group (difference, -0.28; 95% CI, -0.71 to 0.15); median opioid use in morphine equivalents was 50 mg (IQR, 18-122 mg) and 58 mg (IQR, 24-151 mg) , respectively, with a ratio of geometric means of 0.86 (95% CI, 0.61-1.21). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients who underwent abdominal surgery, use of postoperative intravenous acetaminophen, compared with placebo, did not significantly reduce the duration of postoperative hypoxemia over 48 hours. The study findings do not support the use of intravenous acetaminophen for this purpose. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02156154.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/administração & dosagem , Hipóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Falha de Tratamento
2.
Surg Endosc ; 32(12): 4953-4956, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29872947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of diverticulitis is increasing among young patients (≤ 50 years), as are rates of recurrent disease. There is ongoing controversy regarding the best management strategy for this patient group. Guidelines have changed from elective colectomy after a single episode to a more individualized approach no longer based on patient age. This study investigated the clinical presentation and surgical outcomes of young patients undergoing surgery for diverticulitis over two time periods. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was searched from 2005 to 2014 to identify all patients ≤ 50 with a diagnosis of diverticulitis. Data were obtained on patient demographics, comorbidity, perioperative details, and 30-day post-operative outcomes. Data were compared between two time periods, being 2005-2010 (Group 1) and 2011-2014 (Group 2). RESULTS: 10,844 patients were included in the analysis. The mean patient age was 43 years (range 18-50), and 35% were female. Significantly more patients were obese (BMI > 30) in Group 2 (52%) versus Group 1 (47%). Laparoscopic surgery and emergency surgery and perforation rates were significantly higher in Group 2. Wound infection was significantly less in Group 2. Post-operative organ/space infection and medical morbidity were significantly higher in Group 2. CONCLUSIONS: In recent years, there has been a change to a more conservative approach for elective colonic resection in young patients with a history of diverticulitis. Increasingly young patients presenting for surgery for diverticulitis are male and obese, and increased rates of post-operative medical morbidity have been observed. The laparoscopic approach is more common, with resultant increased operative times, and decreased wound infection rates. The observed increased in emergency surgery and perforation rates may be explained by the change in management approach with less elective resections.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Doença Diverticular do Colo/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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