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2.
J King Saud Univ Sci ; 35(3): 102529, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597487

RESUMO

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate into mental health outcomes such as stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as sleep quality in suspected COVID-19 quarantined cases. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that used an online survey to target suspected COVID-19 cases in quarantine facilities. Data were collected on several aspects of participants' sociodemographic characteristics, sleep disturbance, and mental health status. Depression, anxiety, stress scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were used to measure both the psychological impact and mental health status. Results: Of the 362 people who took the survey, 234 (64.6%) were men, and 148 were between the ages of 26-35. Poor sleep was found to be prevalent in 65% of study participants. The rates of individuals reporting severe depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms were 14.6%, 15%, and 15%, respectively. According to the findings, there were significant gender differences in depression and anxiety (p = 0.001). When compared to the other age groups, participants aged 26-35 reported the highest level of stress (p = 0.001). Being male [OR = -1.23, 95% CI (-2.75-1.95) P = 0.050], single [OR = 0.98, CI (0.15-4.20), P = 0.001], and a healthcare worker [OR = -2.20, 95% CI (-2.59-1.82), P = 0.001] were all associated with poor sleep quality. Conclusion: Approximately-one-third of quarantine COVID-19 patients had poor sleep quality with mild-moderate depression. Both anxiety and stress scales were prevalent in nearly half of the studied samples.

3.
Int J Pharm ; 633: 122623, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36681204

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic endocrine disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances in metabolic processes, such as those related to carbohydrates, fat, and protein. There are two main types of this disease: type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Insulin therapy is pivotal to the management of diabetes. Over the last two decades, many routes of administration, including nasal, pulmonary, rectal, transdermal, buccal, and ocular, have been investigated. Nevertheless, subcutaneous parenteral administration is still the most common route for insulin therapy. To overcome poor bioavailability and the barriers to oral insulin absorption, novel approaches in the field of oral drug delivery and administration have been brought about by the coalescence of different branches of nanoscience and nanotechnology, such as nanomedicine, nano-biochemistry, and nano-pharmacy. Novel drug delivery systems, including nanoparticles, nano-platforms, and nanocarriers, have been suggested. The objective of this review is to provide an update on the various promising approaches that have been explored and evaluated for the safe and efficient oral and buccal administration of insulin.

5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 291: 122340, 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702082

RESUMO

In this work, dual-template molecularly imprinted polymer surfaces imprinted on blue fluorescent Cr-based MOF (Cr-MOF) functionalized with yellow emissive carbon dots (Y-CDs) were prepared using l-ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) as templates for simultaneous selective recognition of AA and UA. The as-prepared nanocomposite probe (Y-CDs/Cr-MOF@MIP) contains two recognition site cavities and emits a dual well-resolved fluorescence spectra when excited at 390 nm; blue emission (λem 450 nm) is due to Cr-MOF, and yellow emission (λem 560 nm) is due to Y-CDs. The yellow fluorescence emission of Y-CDs was quenched upon the addition of ascorbic acid, while Cr-MOF's emission remained unaffected. In the same way, the blue fluorescence emission of the Cr-MOFs was quenched in the presence of uric acid, while the yellow emission remained constant. Both emissions were quenched in a sample containing both AA and UA. This can be exploited to design a dual-template biosensor to detect UA and AA simultaneously. The Y-CDs/Cr-MOF@MIP sensor displayed a dynamic linear response for AA in the range 25.0 µM - 425.0 µM with a detection limit of 1.30 µM, and for UA in the range 25.0 µM - 425.0 µM with a detection limit of 1.10 µM. The dual-target probe Y-CDs/Cr-MOF@MIP was highly selective and sensitive for the detection of UA and AA in human urine samples due to the selectivity of the two recognition sites.

6.
ACS Omega ; 8(1): 289-296, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36643559

RESUMO

This study investigated how thermoelasticity impacts the uniformity of cluster stimulation and fracture initiation and growth in horizontal, multi-fractured laterals. Thermal cooling has previously been shown to lower the minimum principal stress and induce fracturing in conventional reservoirs. In the current study, cool fluid was injected prior to the primary stimulation to investigate whether the local minimum principal stress could be reduced. In the base case without pre-treatment, fractures were propagated in a non-uniform manner after the primary stimulation. This resulted in a few clusters being dominant, leaving the rest of the reservoir's hydrocarbon unstimulated. Thus, the pre-treatment period can be utilized to reduce in situ stress at the entry of the clusters. The simulation results showed that clusters with a pre-cooling period had more uniform fractures than did the base case. Utilizing thermally controlled fluid is a novel method for improving cluster uniformity and efficiency.

7.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249159, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339415

RESUMO

Abstract There is a paucity of research conducted on microbial prevalence in pheasants. The microbiota of captive birds has zoonotic significance and must be characterize. Present study is therefore planned to assess the microbiota from oral, fecal and gut content of captive avian species. It will be helpful in characterization of harmful microbes. Different samples taken from oral, gut and feces of ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus), green pheasants (Phasianus versicolor), golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) and silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera). Samples were collected, diluted, and inoculated onto different agar plates (MacConkey, SS agar, MSA and nutrient agar) for cultivation of bacterial species. Colonies of E.coli, Staphylococcus spp. Brachyspira spp. and Campylobacter spp were observed based on colony morphology. Colony forming unit showed E. coli as frequently found bacteria in fecal, oral and gut contents of all the above pheasants. The overall significance difference was found among bacterial species of golden pheasants, green pheasant, ring-necked pheasant, and silver pheasants. It was concluded that E.coli is predominant isolated from heathy pheasants followed by Campylobacter, Staphylococcus and Brachyspira.


Resumo Há uma escassez de pesquisas realizadas sobre a prevalência microbiana em faisões. A microbiota de aves em cativeiro tem significado zoonótico e deve ser caracterizada. O presente estudo está, portanto, planejado para avaliar a microbiota do conteúdo oral, fecal e intestinal de espécies aviárias em cativeiro. Será útil na caracterização de micróbios nocivos. Diferentes amostras retiradas da boca, intestino e fezes de faisões de pescoço redondo (Phasianus colchicus), faisões verdes (Phasianus versicolor), faisões dourados (Chrysolophus pictus) e faisão prateado (Lophura nycthemera). As amostras foram coletadas, diluídas e inoculadas em diferentes placas de ágar (MacConkey, ágar SS, MSA e ágar nutriente) para o cultivo de espécies bacterianas. Colônias de E. coli, Staphylococcus spp., Brachyspira spp. e Campylobacter spp foram observados com base na morfologia da colônia. A unidade formadora de colônia mostrou E. coli como bactéria frequentemente encontrada no conteúdo fecal, oral e intestinal de todos os faisões acima. A diferença de significância geral foi encontrada entre as espécies bacterianas de faisões dourados, faisões verdes, faisões de pescoço anelado e faisões prateados. Verificou-se que a E.coli é predominantemente isolada de faisões saudáveis, seguida por Campylobacter, Staphylococcus e Brachyspira.


Assuntos
Animais , Galliformes , Escherichia coli , Fezes
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247562, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339410

RESUMO

Abstract To investigate the role of cow dung in soil reclamation and bio assimilation along with bio accumulation of heavy metals in earthworm (P. posthuma) (N=900) earthworms were used and treatment groups of CD-soil mixture of different proportion of cow dung were designed. Nonlethal doses of lead acetate and cadmium chloride were added in treatment groups. Mature P. posthuma were released in each experimental pot maintaining the favorable conditions. The pH, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, exchangeable cations, and heavy metal level of each mixture was evaluated. The results indicated that bio-assimilation of Pb and Cd by P. posthuma were significantly (P ˂ 0.01) higher in different soil-CD treatments compared to control. Highest bio-assimilation of both metals was observed in T1 of both groups (Pb = 563.8 mg/kg and Cd = 42.95 mg/kg). The contents of both metals were significantly (P ˂ 0.05) lowered in casting. The nutrient concentration in the final castings of all soil-CD treatments were also equally transformed from less or insoluble to more soluble and available for plants, except for carbon level which increased with CD proportion. It is concluded that cow dung as organic matter has a positive effect on soil reclamation and bio-assimilation of metals by P. posthuma.


RESUMO Para investigar o papel do esterco de vaca na recuperação do solo e bioassimilação, juntamente com a bioacumulação de metais pesados ​​em minhocas (P. posthuma) (N = 900), minhocas foram usadas e grupos de tratamento de mistura CD-solo de diferentes proporções de esterco de vaca foram projetados. Doses não letais de acetato de chumbo e cloreto de cádmio foram adicionadas aos grupos de tratamento. P. posthuma maduros foram liberados em cada vaso experimental, mantendo as condições favoráveis. Foram avaliados o pH, carbono, nitrogênio, fósforo, cátions trocáveis ​​e nível de metais pesados ​​de cada mistura. Os resultados indicaram que a bioassimilação de Pb e Cd por P. posthuma foi significativamente (P ˂ 0,01) maior em diferentes tratamentos de solo-CD em relação ao controle. A maior bioassimilação de ambos os metais foi observada em T1 de ambos os grupos (Pb = 563,8 mg / kg e Cd = 42,95 mg / kg). O conteúdo de ambos os metais foi significativamente (P ˂ 0,05) reduzido na fundição. A concentração de nutrientes nas fundições finais de todos os tratamentos de solo-CD também foi igualmente transformada de menos ou insolúvel para mais solúvel e disponível para as plantas, exceto o nível de carbono que aumenta com a proporção de CD. Conclui-se que o esterco de vaca como matéria orgânica tem um efeito positivo na recuperação do solo e na bioassimilação de metais por P. posthuma.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Oligoquetos , Poluentes do Solo , Metais Pesados/análise , Solo , Cádmio , Bovinos , Bioacumulação
9.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246062, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339355

RESUMO

Abstract A group of inherited blood defects is known as Thalassemia is among the world's most prevalent hemoglobinopathies. Thalassemias are of two types such as Alpha and Beta Thalassemia. The cause of these defects is gene mutations leading to low levels and/or malfunctioning α and β globin proteins, respectively. In some cases, one of these proteins may be completely absent. α and β globin chains form a globin fold or pocket for heme (Fe++) attachment to carry oxygen. Genes for alpha and beta-globin proteins are present in the form of a cluster on chromosome 16 and 11, respectively. Different globin genes are used at different stages in the life course. During embryonic and fetal developmental stages, γ globin proteins partner with α globin and are later replaced by β globin protein. Globin chain imbalances result in hemolysis and impede erythropoiesis. Individuals showing mild symptoms include carriers of alpha thalassemia or the people bearing alpha or beta-thalassemia trait. Alpha thalassemia causes conditions like hemolytic anemia or fatal hydrops fetalis depending upon the severity of the disease. Beta thalassemia major results in hemolytic anemia, growth retardation, and skeletal aberrations in early childhood. Children affected by this disorder need regular blood transfusions throughout their lives. Patients that depend on blood transfusion usually develop iron overload that causes other complications in the body systems like renal or hepatic impairment therefore, thalassemias are now categorized as a syndrome. The only cure for Thalassemias would be a bone marrow transplant, or gene therapy with currently no significant success rate. A thorough understanding of the molecular basis of this syndrome may provide novel insights and ideas for its treatment, as scientists have still been unable to find a permanent cure for this deadly disease after more than 87 years since it is first described in 1925.


Resumo Um grupo de defeitos sanguíneos hereditários é conhecido como talassemia e está entre as hemoglobinopatias mais prevalentes do mundo. As talassemias são de dois tipos, como talassemia alfa e beta. As causas desses defeitos são as mutações genéticas que levam a níveis baixos e/ou proteínas de globina com mau funcionamento, respectivamente. Em alguns casos, uma dessas proteínas pode estar completamente ausente. As cadeias de globina α e β formam uma dobra ou bolsa de globina para a fixação de heme (Fe ++) para transportar oxigênio. Os genes das proteínas alfa e beta globina estão presentes na forma de um cluster nos cromossomos 16 e 11, respectivamente. Diferentes genes de globina são usados ​​em diferentes estágios do curso de vida. Durante os estágios de desenvolvimento embrionário e fetal, as proteínas γ globina se associam à α globina e, posteriormente, são substituídas pela proteína β globina. Os desequilíbrios da cadeia de globina resultam em hemólise e impedem a eritropoiese. Indivíduos que apresentam sintomas leves incluem portadores de talassemia alfa ou as pessoas com traços de talassemia alfa ou beta. A talassemia alfa causa condições como anemia hemolítica ou hidropsia fetal fatal, dependendo da gravidade da doença. A beta talassemia principal resulta em anemia hemolítica, retardo de crescimento e aberrações esqueléticas na primeira infância. As crianças afetadas por esse distúrbio precisam de transfusões de sangue regulares ao longo da vida. Os pacientes que dependem de transfusão de sangue geralmente desenvolvem sobrecarga de ferro que causa outras complicações nos sistemas do corpo, como insuficiência renal ou hepática, portanto as talassemias agora são classificadas como uma síndrome. A única cura para as talassemias seria um transplante de medula óssea ou terapia genética sem atualmente uma taxa de sucesso significativa. Uma compreensão completa da base molecular dessa síndrome pode fornecer novos insights e ideias para seu tratamento, já que os cientistas ainda não conseguiram encontrar uma cura permanente para essa doença mortal depois de mais de 87 anos desde que foi descrita pela primeira vez em 1925.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Talassemia/genética , Talassemia beta/genética , Hemoglobinas
10.
Talanta ; 254: 124178, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549132

RESUMO

Color tonality by intrinsic fluorescent metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is highly desirable in bioanalytical applications due to its stability, low-cost and robustness with no need for functionalization and/or encapsulation of fluorophores. In the present work, ultra-small and higly fluorescent zinc-based MOFs (FMOF-5) were synthesized. The prepared FMOFs were around 5 nm in size, and gave strong blue emission at 440 nm when excited at 350 nm. Interestingly, tetracycline (TC) selectively tuned the blue emission of FMOF-5 to greenish-yellow emission (520 nm) with dramatic enhancement through aggregation induced emission (AIE). The fluorimetric analysis of TC was carried out through the ratiometric peak intensities of F520/F440, with detection limit (LOD) of 5 nM. To realize quantitative point-of-care based on color tonality, a smartphone integrated with the ratiometric visual platform was thereby design. Hence, TC was visually detected with LOD of 10 nM. The prepared FMOF-5-based probe showed high stability (3 months) and reusability (∼10 times). The developed visual-based platform presents great promise for practical point of care testing due to its low-cost, robustness, ruggedness, simple operation, and excellent selectivity and repeatability.


Assuntos
Compostos Heterocíclicos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Zinco , Tetraciclina , Antibacterianos/análise , Corantes Fluorescentes , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Limite de Detecção
11.
IUBMB Life ; 75(2): 161-180, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36565478

RESUMO

This study was designed to screen novel thiourea derivatives against different enzymes, such as α-amylase, α-glucosidase, protein tyrosine phosphatase 1 B, and advanced glycated end product (AGEs). A cytotoxicity analysis was performed using rat L6 myotubes and molecular docking analysis was performed to map the binding interactions between the active compounds and α-amylase and α-glucosidase. The data revealed the potency of five compounds, including E (1-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(3,4-dimethyl phenyl) thiourea), AG (1-(2-methoxy-5-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl)-3-(3-methoxy phenyl) thiourea), AF (1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-(4-ethylphenyl) thiourea), AD (1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-(4-ethylphenyl) thiourea), and AH (1-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-3-(2-iodophenyl) thiourea), showed activity against α-amylase. The corresponding percentage inhibitions were found to be 85 ± 1.9, 82 ± 0.7, 75 ± 1.2, 72 ± 0.4, and 65 ± 1.1%, respectively. These compounds were then screened using in vitro assays. Among them, AH showed the highest activity against α-glucosidase, AGEs, and PTP1B, with percentage inhibitions of 86 ± 0.4% (IC50  = 47.9 µM), 85 ± 0.7% (IC50  = 49.51 µM), and 85 ± 0.5% (IC50  = 79.74 µM), respectively. Compound AH showed an increased glucose uptake at a concentration of 100 µM. Finally, an in vivo study was conducted using a streptozotocin-induced diabetic mouse model and PTP1B expression was assessed using real-time PCR. Additionally, we examined the hypoglycemic effect of compound AH in diabetic rats compared to the standard drug glibenclamide.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , alfa-Glucosidases , Camundongos , Ratos , Animais , alfa-Glucosidases/genética , alfa-Glucosidases/química , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Reação de Maillard , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/genética , alfa-Amilases , Tioureia/farmacologia
12.
RSC Adv ; 12(52): 33559-33566, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505680

RESUMO

A new, cost-effective and sensitive spectroscopic assay for the quantification of Colistin Sulfate (CS) and its prodrug colistimethate sodium (CMS) has been developed and validated. The validated technique depends on the condensation of the studied drug with 2,2-dihydroxyindan-1,3-dione (ninhydrin) and phenylacetaldehyde using Teorell and Stenhagen buffer (pH = 6) to yield a fluorescent product that is estimated at emission wavelength (λ em = 474 nm) after excitation wavelength (λ ex = 390 nm). The reaction's affecting factors were carefully studied and adjusted accurately. Over the following range (0.4-2.4 µg mL-1), the produced calibration plot looked rectilinear, and the estimated limits of detection and quantification (LOD and LOQ) were 0.051 & 0.154 µg mL-1 respectively. The recommended approach was utilized to evaluate market products containing the investigated drug. Moreover, content uniformity testing was employed as a new procedure not found in the previously reported fluorimetric technique.

13.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1060154, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36531352

RESUMO

Crops are susceptible to a variety of stresses and amongst them salinity of soil is a global agronomic challenge that has a detrimental influence on crop yields, thus posing a severe danger to our food security. Therefore, it becomes imperative to examine how plants respond to salt stress, develop a tolerance that allows them to live through higher salt concentrations and choose species that can endure salt stress. From the perspective of food, security millets can be substituted to avoid hardships because of their efficiency in dealing with salt stress. Besides, this problem can also be tackled by using beneficial exogenous elements. Selenium (Se) which exists as selenate or selenite is one such cardinal element that has been reported to alleviate salt stress. The present study aimed for identification of selenate and selenite transporters in proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.), their expression under NaCl (salt stress) and Na2SeO3 (sodium selenite)treatments. This study identified eight transporters (RLM65282.1, RLN42222.1, RLN18407.1, RLM74477.1, RLN41904.1, RLN17428.1, RLN17268.1, RLM65753.1) that have a potential role in Se uptake in proso millet. We analyzed physicochemical properties, conserved structures, sub-cellular locations, chromosome location, molecular phylogenetic analysis, promoter regions prediction, protein-protein interactions, three-dimensional structure modeling and evaluation of these transporters. The analysis revealed the chromosome location and the number of amino acids present in these transporters as RLM65282.1 (16/646); RLN42222.1 (1/543); RLN18407.1 (2/483); RLM74477.1 (15/474); RLN41904.1 (1/521); RLN17428.1 (2/522); RLN17268.1(2/537);RLM65753.1 (16/539). The sub-cellular locations revealed that all the selenite transporters are located in plasma membrane whereas among selenate transporters RLM65282.1 and RLM74477.1 are located in mitochondria and RLN42222.1 and RLN18407.1 in chloroplast. The transcriptomic studies revealed that NaCl stress decreased the expression of both selenate and selenite transporters in proso millet and the applications of exogenous 1µM Se (Na2SeO3) increased the expression of these Se transporter genes. It was also revealed that selenate shows similar behavior as sulfate, while selenite transport resembles phosphate. Thus, it can be concluded that phosphate and sulphate transporters in millets are responsible for Se uptake.

14.
Cureus ; 14(11): e31338, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36514633

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of psoriasis involves the interaction of several environmental and genetic factors. Predicting the disease risk cannot depend on individual genetic alleles. Consequently, some studies have evaluated the use of genetic risk scores that combine several psoriasis susceptibility loci to increase the accuracy of predicting/diagnosing the disease. This meta-analysis summarizes the evidence regarding using genetic risk scores (GRS) in the diagnosis or prediction of psoriasis. A search of MEDLINE/PubMed, the Latin American Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS) database, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest was conducted in July 2022. The primary objective was to record the area under the curve (AUC) for GRS of psoriasis. Secondary objectives included characteristics of studies and patients. The risk of bias (ROB) was assessed using the PROBAST tool. Five studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria of this review. None of the studies described the clinical criteria (reference standard) that were employed to diagnose psoriasis. The AUCs of the 11 GRS models ranged from 0.6029-0.8583 (median: 0.75). Marked heterogeneity was detected (Cochran Q: 1250.051, p < 0.001, and I2 index: 99.2%). So, pooling of the results of the included studies was not performed. The ROB was high for all studies and clinical application was not described. Genetic risk scores are promising tools for the prediction of psoriasis with fair to good accuracy. However, further research is required to identify the most accurate combination of loci and to validate the scores in variable ethnicities.

15.
Struct Dyn ; 9(6): 064302, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36484070

RESUMO

In ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) experiments, accurate retrieval of time-resolved structural parameters, such as atomic coordinates and thermal displacement parameters, requires an accurate scattering model. Unfortunately, kinematical models are often inaccurate even for relativistic electron probes, especially for dense, oriented single crystals where strong channeling and multiple scattering effects are present. This article introduces and demonstrates dynamical scattering models tailored for quantitative analysis of UED experiments performed on single-crystal films. As a case study, we examine ultrafast laser heating of single-crystal gold films. Comparison of kinematical and dynamical models reveals the strong effects of dynamical scattering within nm-scale films and their dependence on sample topography and probe kinetic energy. Applying to UED experiments on an 11 nm thick film using 750 keV electron probe pulses, the dynamical models provide a tenfold improvement over a comparable kinematical model in matching the measured UED patterns. Also, the retrieved lattice temperature rise is in very good agreement with predictions based on previously measured optical constants of gold, whereas fitting the Debye-Waller factor retrieves values that are more than three times lower. Altogether, these results show the importance of a dynamical scattering theory for quantitative analysis of UED and demonstrate models that can be practically applied to single-crystal materials and heterostructures.

16.
Molecules ; 27(24)2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36557866

RESUMO

This study concerns the role of activated carbon (AC) from palm raceme as a support material for the enhancement of lipase-catalyzed reactions in an aqueous solution, with deep eutectic solvent (DES) as a co-solvent. The effects of carbonization temperature, impregnation ratio, and carbonization time on lipase activity were studied. The activities of Amano lipase from Burkholderia cepacia (AML) and lipase from the porcine pancreas (PPL) were used to investigate the optimum conditions for AC preparation. The results showed that AC has more interaction with PPL and effectively provides greater enzymatic activity compared with AML. The optimum treatment conditions of AC samples that yield the highest enzymatic activity were 0.5 (NaOH (g)/palm raceme (g)), 150 min, and a carbonization temperature of 400 °C. DES was prepared from alanine/sodium hydroxide and used with AC for the further enhancement of enzymatic activity. Kinetic studies demonstrated that the activity of PPL was enhanced with the immobilization of AC in a DES medium.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Suínos , Animais , Biomassa , Cinética , Lipase/metabolismo , Solventes , Hidrólise
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Efforts to evaluate physicians' awareness and attitude toward dentists' comprehensive role in OSA management are relatively negligible. Therefore, this study aimed to assess physicians' awareness and attitude toward the role of dentists in OSA management in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In a multi-center cross-sectional study, a total of 358 physicians in Saudi Arabia were subjected to an e-questionnaire composed of three sections: (1) physicians' demographic data, (2) physicians' general and specific knowledge of OSA and its management [using 29 factual statements to be responded by "True, False, or I don't know" responses], and (3) physicians' attitude towards dentists' role in OSA management [using 12 attitude statements to be responded by a Likert scale of "Never, Rarely, Sometimes, Usually, Always" responses]. A scoring system was applied for both knowledge and attitude, total and percentage mean scores (PMS) were calculated, and knowledge and attitude levels were categorized accordingly. Predictors of correct knowledge and favorable attitude were identified using multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: Physicians had an overall average knowledge level (PMS = 56% ± 19.4%), with 35.5% and 5.9% reporting good general and specific knowledge levels, respectively (χ2 = 143.0, p < 0.001). Physicians had an overall neutral attitude level (PMS = 64.4% ± 17.5%), with about one-half reporting a neutral attitude level (48.9%) and only one-fourth reporting a positive attitude level (27.7%). Higher levels of knowledge were a significant predictor of favorable attitudes (t = 5.71, p < 0.001). Higher training levels were a significant predictor of correct knowledge (t = 3.60, p < 0.001) and favorable attitude (t = 3.15, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Physicians showed insufficient knowledge about OSA and a less than favorable attitude towards dentists' role in its management. Enhancing medical curricula and clinical protocols and guidelines on the dentists' role in OSA management is recommended.


Assuntos
Médicos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Arábia Saudita , Odontólogos
18.
Cureus ; 14(12): e32376, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36523857

RESUMO

The incidence of gallstone spillage and gallbladder perforation has increased as a result of the rising use of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The presence of gallstones in the abdomen may lead to adhesions, inflammation, infection, and obstruction of biliary ducts. Since different etiologies can occur with spillage of gallstones, variation in presentation is expected. We report a case of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy complication after four years of surgery. The patient's clinical presentation mimicked malignancy.

19.
Front Psychol ; 13: 872946, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36524162

RESUMO

Introduction: Using video tutorials to deliver instructional content has become common practices nowadays. However, it is required to investigate how to implement new methods to deliver instructional content to deaf students to ensure success of their learning and reduce their reliance on personnel support or consultation from hearing peers. Therefore, and in light of cognitive theory of multimedia learning, this study experimented three different video tutorial methods to deliver instructional content that are tailored to deaf students' learning needs. The three methods included: (a) sign language only, (b) captioned text only, and (c) sign language and captioned text combined. Methods: The study applied a mixed methods research design using pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design (tests scores) and qualitative research design (interviews). Fifty-four undergraduate deaf students from a large university in Saudi Arabia participated in this study, and of those participants, fifteen deaf students participated in semistructured interviews. Results and discussion: One-way analysis of variance results showed that using video tutorial that presents declarative content with captions only was significantly effective in comparison with the other methods. While the video tutorial that presents procedural content with sign language only was significantly effective in comparison with the other methods. Interview results confirmed the quantitative results. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed.

20.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol ; 15: 2737-2743, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36545499

RESUMO

Background: Knowing normal values of scalp hair thickness and density is beneficial for diagnosing hair disorders, monitoring responses to therapy, performing hair transplants, and conducting relevant research. Such normal values have not yet been studied for Arabs. Objective: To assess the hair density and diameter of the Arab population at different scalp sites using phototrichogram. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed at King Saud University Medical City from December 2021 to August 2022. The study was conducted on Arab adults who were not suffering from any hair disorder. The study was conducted using a questionnaire and clinical examination by phototrichogram. Results: A total of 120 participants were enrolled in this study. The mean hair density was 147.1± 7.8 hairs/cm2, and the mean hair diameter was 87±4.9 µm. There were significant differences between hair density (P=0.0001) and diameter (P=0.0001) in different regions of the scalp. Females had higher hair density than males at occiput (P=0.038). Conclusion: Arab hair has a higher thickness and lower density than hair of other ethnicities. This needs to be considered when diagnosing and/or treating hair problems in Arabs.

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