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1.
East Mediterr Health J ; 27(8): 782-789, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486714

RESUMO

Background: Social media are increasingly being used by young adults worldwide. The question is whether they can be successfully incorporated into health programmes to promote physical activity. Aims: To measure the effect of a WhatsApp-based intervention for promoting physical activity among female college students in Abha, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This randomized controlled trial from November 2019 to January 2020 included 110 students. The intervention group received a brief orientation on exercise and up to 4 physical activity promotion messages per week via WhatsApp for 10 weeks. The messages were obtained from the websites of the US Centers for Disease Control and World Health Organization (WHO). Physical activity was assessed at baseline and at 10-weeks' follow-up using the WHO Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results: The 2 groups were similar in sociodemographic and baseline physical activity levels. Postintervention data analysis revealed significant improvement in the proportion of participants with moderate-intensity physical activity in the work and recreation domains. Compared with the control group, mean metabolic equivalents/week of the intervention group improved significantly. The mean difference in total physical activity before and after intervention was significant in all domains and in all categories of activity. The proportion of participants who met the WHO criteria for minimum physical activity per week increased from 69.8% to 90.5% after intervention. Conclusion: Social-network-based interventions improve physical activity and may be incorporated into youth-targeted health programmes.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Arábia Saudita , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-8, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1145557

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge among dental students at King Khalid University, Jazan University, and Najran University in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia about when to repair or replace defective direct composite restoration. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire-based survey was formulated, pursuing the information about management (repair/replacement) of defective composite restorations and distributed among 200 dental students of three universities in the southern region of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The data were collected with the help of an online questionnaire. Data entry and the analysis were done using the statistical software package SPSS version 20.0. It was presented using descriptive statistics in the form of frequencies and percentages for qualitative variables, and range means and standard deviations for age, quantitative variable. Analytic statistics were done using Chi-Square tests (χ2) to test the significant difference between categorical variables. The level of significance, the p-value was 0.01(p<0.01). Results: The decision to choose between composite repair or replacement was influenced by whether this topic was taught to them at various undergraduate levels during Bachelor of Dental Surgery. The reason associated with the decision to repair defective composite restorations, 76% reported as cost-effective followed by Increased longevity (71%), the permanent filling (70%), patient's preference for repair (65%), and least time consuming (50%). 67% participants preferred significantly (p<0.001) repair due to secondary caries in the previously restored tooth with composite, followed by the small surface defect in a composite restoration (65%), risk of pulpal damage significantly (p<0.001) in a defective composite restoration (62.5%) and more invasive and destructive treatment option (35%). More than half of respondents 123 (61.5%) reported that they were not taught about composite repair during the Bachelor of Dental Surgery. Conclusion: It is suggested with the help of our study that didactic and clinical training components regarding composite repair should be seriously included in the teaching curriculum of dental institutions as it is in the best interest of the patient. Dental students should be provided with clinical training on this topic so that they can follow proper decision-making protocols available during repair or replacement of defective resin composite restorations. Other researches in the future can be carried out for refining the guidelines and techniques utilized for composite repair. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o conhecimento entre estudantes de odontologia da King Khalid University, Jazan University e Najran University, no reino da Arábia Saudita, sobre quando reparar ou substituir restaurações de resina composta direta defeituosas. Material e Métodos: Foi formulada uma pesquisa baseada em questionário, buscando informações sobre o manejo (reparo / substituição) de restaurações de resina composta e distribuída entre 200 estudantes de odontologia de três universidades da região sul do reino da Arábia Saudita. Os dados foram coletados com o auxílio de um questionário online. A entrada e análise dos dados foram feitas com o software estatístico SPSS versão 20.0. Foi apresentado por meio de estatística descritiva na forma de frequências e percentuais para as variáveis qualitativas, e amplitude de médias e desvios-padrão para a idade, variável quantitativa. A estatística analítica foi feita usando testes de qui-quadrado (χ2) para testar a diferença significativa entre as variáveis categóricas. Ao nível de significância, o valor de p foi de 0,01 (p <0,01). Resultados: A decisão de escolher entre o reparo ou substituição do compósito foi influenciada pelo fato de este tópico ter sido ensinado a eles em vários níveis de graduação durante o Bacharelado em Odontologia. O motivo associado à decisão de reparar restaurações de resina composta defeituosas, 76% relataram como custo-benefício seguido por maior longevidade (71%), restauração definitva (70%), preferência do paciente para reparo (65%) e menos demorado ( 50%). Sessenta e sete por cento dos participantes preferiram o reparo significativamente (p <0,001) devido a cárie secundária no dente previamente restaurado com resina composta, seguido pelo pequeno defeito de superfície em uma restauração composta (65%), risco de dano pulpar significativamente (p <0,001) em um restauração de resina composta com defeito (62,5%) e opção de tratamento mais invasiva e destrutiva (35%). Mais da metade dos entrevistados, 123 (61,5%) relataram que não foram ensinados sobre reparo de resina composta durante o Bacharelado em Odonotlogia. Conclusão: É sugerido com a ajuda de nosso estudo que os componentes do treinamento didático e clínico sobre reparo de resina composta devem ser seriamente incluídos no currículo de ensino de instituições odontológicas, pois é do interesse do paciente. Os estudantes de odontologia devem receber treinamento clínico sobre este tópico para que possam seguir os protocolos de tomada de decisão adequados disponíveis durante o reparo ou substituição de restaurações de resina composta com defeito. Outras pesquisas no futuro podem ser realizadas para refinar as diretrizes e técnicas utilizadas para reparo de resina (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Resinas Compostas , Cárie Dentária , Polimerização
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31979127

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggests that feeding practices in early childhood play a major role in the occurrence of childhood diarrhea. However, there is a lack of information regarding feeding practices and its relationship with occurrences of diarrhea in young children from Saudi Arabia. The present study is aimed to measure the prevalence of diarrhea and assess its relationship with feeding practices among children between two months and two years of age in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was carried out in two large cities in the Aseer region in southwest Saudi Arabia. A total of 302 mothers attending well-baby clinics across six primary health centers were included. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Factors associated with diarrheal disease were identified by multivariable logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of diarrhea among children during the study period was 56.3% (95% CI: 50.7%-61.8%). Only 15.9% of children in our study were exclusively breastfed. The occurrence of diarrhea was significantly associated with age 7-12 months (aOR = 2.64, 95% CI: 1.42-4.91). We found that diarrhea was prevalent among children between two months and two years of age, and that exclusive breastfeeding was not a common practice in this region. Health education programs should be directed towards mothers to improve rates of breastfeeding, weaning practices, food hygiene, and childcare. Special attention and support should be provided for working mothers.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Masculino , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
4.
Neurosciences (Riyadh) ; 24(3): 214-220, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380821

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the awareness about major symptoms, risk factors, and response to stroke among the population in Abha, Southwestern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Improving stroke-related knowledge may advance stroke prevention and reduce pretreatment delay and disabilities. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among a representative sample of primary healthcare adult patients between January-May 2016 and used a validated Arabic questionnaire to evaluate the participants` awareness about stroke. RESULTS: The study involved 1472 adults. Only 63.6% and 43.7% of participants correctly recognized thrombosis and hemorrhage as types of stroke. Commonly identified risk factors were hypertension (55.8%), dyslipidemia (45.8%), and smoking (41.9%). Sudden severe headache (54.1%), dizziness (51.0%), and difficulty in speaking (44.3%) were the most frequently recognized symptoms. The most frequently reported correct responses to stroke were contacting a doctor (73.0%), going to the hospital (67.2%), and calling an ambulance (52.4%). Improper responses to stroke (ignoring the condition or self-prescription) were noted in 18.8% of participants. Logistic regression revealed that physicians, nurses, friends and relatives as a source of knowledge were significantly associated with a lower insufficient knowledge of stroke symptoms and risk factors. On the other hand, women, persons above 40 years old, and married persons were significantly more prone to have insufficient knowledge about a proper response to stroke. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed a notable deficit of knowledge about warning symptoms, risk factors, and proper response to stroke. Health education strategies to improve stroke awareness are required and could potentially prevent and improve the outcome of stroke.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes/psicologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Arábia Saudita , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia
5.
Saudi Med J ; 39(11): 1109-1115, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30397710

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence, socioeconomic, and demographic determinants of contraceptive use among women of reproductive age residing in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The data of this study was collected through a cross sectional survey conducted on unmet need for family planning in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between March and May 2016. Three hundred and seventy-four married women were recruited from 6 primary health care centers by a consecutive sampling technique. Data was collected via an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Chi-square test was carried out to identify the factors associated with contraceptive use. RESULTS: The prevalence of contraceptive use rate was 58.8%. Among users, 60% were spacers and 40% were limiters. Among more than two-thirds of the women, the decision to use a family planning method was a joint decision of the couple; and 25% reported it as their own decision. Oral pills and  intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD)were the most popular methods. The most significant associated factors were age, education of women, gravida, number of living children, gender, and age of the last child. Younger age was related with the spacers and older age with birth limiting. Woman's education level showed a significant positive association with birth spacing. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that a sizable percentage of women in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, are using contraceptions. This finding indicates the need of comprehensive family planning program in the region.


Assuntos
Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Intervalo entre Nascimentos , Anticoncepcionais Orais , Tomada de Decisões , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Dispositivos Intrauterinos/estatística & dados numéricos , Autonomia Pessoal , Arábia Saudita
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29735898

RESUMO

Objectives: The present study analyzed in-hospital first-time stroke mortality in southwestern Saudi Arabia over one-year to assess the in-hospital stroke case fatality rate, mortality rate and explore the factors associated with in-hospital stroke mortality. Study Design: Hospital based follow-up study. Methods: First-time stroke patients admitted to all hospitals in Asser region over one-year period (January through December 2016) were included in the study. Data about personal characteristics, pre-stroke history and clinical criteria, on admission clinical criteria, in-hospital complications and survival status were collected. The last reported Aseer region population was used to calculate age and sex stroke mortality rate per 100,000 population/year. Hazard ratios (HR) and concomitant 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were computed using multivariate Cox regression survival analysis. Kaplan-Meier curve survival analysis for stroke patients were plotted. Results: A total of 121 in-hospital deaths out of 1249 first-time stroke patients giving an overall case fatality rate (CFR) of 9.7%. Non-significant difference with gender and age were observed in CFR. Overall, in-hospital stroke mortality rate was 5.58 per 100,000/year. Males and elders showed a significantly higher mortality rates. Multivariable Cox regression analyses revealed pre-stroke smoking (HR = 2.36), pre-stroke hypertension (HR = 1.77), post-stroke disturbed consciousness (HR = 6.86), poor mobility (HR = 2.60) and developing pulmonary embolism (HR = 2.63) as significant predictors of in-hospital stroke mortality. Conclusions: In Southwestern Saudi Arabia, the in-hospital stroke mortality rate is higher in men and increases with aging. The prognosis of acute stroke could be improved by smoking cessation, better control of hypertension and prevention of in hospital complication particularly pulmonary embolism.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Limitação da Mobilidade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29373563

RESUMO

Recent data regarding first-stroke incidence in Saudi Arabia in general and in the Aseer region in particular are scarce and even lacking. The aim of this work was to study the first-time stroke incidence in the Aseer region, southwestern Saudi Arabia. All first-stroke patients admitted to all hospitals in the Aseer region over a one-year period (January through December 2016) were included. Stroke patients outside the Aseer region were excluded from the study. The incidence per 100,000 patients and the concomitant 95% CI (Confidence Intervals) were computed. The present study included 1249 first-time stroke patients and calculated an overall minimal incidence rate of hospitalized first-time stroke of 57.64 per 100,000 persons per year (95% CI: 57.57-57.70). A steady increase was noticed depending on the patients' age, reaching a figure of 851.81 (95% CI: 849.2-854.5) for those patients aged 70 years and more. Overall, the incidence rate for females (48.14; 95% CI: 48.04-48.24) was lower compared to males (65.52; 95% CI: 65.1-66.0). Taking into consideration the expected rise of the elderly because of the prominent medical services provided by the Saudi government, leading to a subsequent change in the horizontal and vertical age distribution structure of the population, an increase in the number of stroke patients is expected. It is suggested to establish a nationwide stroke surveillance system in the Kingdom, with the objective to report, analyze, and maintain an updated overview of the stroke status in Saudi Arabia.


Assuntos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Sexo
8.
J Family Community Med ; 23(1): 18-24, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26929725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the proportion and grades of retinopathy and its risk factors in diabetes type 2 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 401 type 2 diabetic patients. A questionnaire and checklist were used to collect the data. Retinopathy was diagnosed and graded by fundus photographs and slit lamp examination. The duration of diabetes, age of patients, age at onset of diabetes, body mass index, hemoglobin A1c level, blood pressure, and complications were noted. RESULTS: The mean age of male and female patients was 54.93 and 54.25 years; 57.6% were males. The mean age of onset and mean duration of diabetes were 43.91 and 13.4 years, respectively. The proportion of retinopathy was 36.4%. Grades of retinopathy were: Mild 57.5%, moderate 19.9%, severe nonproliferative 11%, and proliferative retinopathy 11.6%; 7.2% of patients had maculopathy. Retinopathy was significantly associated with older age, younger age at onset, longer duration of disease, poorly controlled blood sugar, hypertension, insulin use; the presence of neuropathy and nephropathy appeared as a significant risk. Younger age at onset, longer duration, and insulin use appeared as the strongest predictors for diabetic retinopathy. CONCLUSIONS: More than a third (36.4%) of the diabetic patients attending a diabetic center had retinopathy. The control of the risk factors may reduce both prevalence and consequences of retinopathy.

9.
J Family Community Med ; 23(1): 25-31, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26929726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Available information on social anxiety disorder (SAD) in adolescents in Saudi Arabia is limited. The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence, severity, and subtypes of SAD, and parenting style risk factors associated with SAD in the adolescent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two secondary schools for boys in Abha, Saudi Arabia during the Academic year 2013. To collect the data, a questionnaire eliciting information on background characteristics and parenting style as well as the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale Test (LSAS), for the evaluation of SAD, were used. RESULTS: A total of 454 students participated in the study. The age of the participants ranged between 15 and 20 years with a mean of 17.4 years. The prevalence of SAD was 11.7%. Around 36% and 11.4% of the students respectively had severe and more severe forms of SAD. Parenting style such as parental anger, criticism particularly in front of others, exaggerated protection, maltreatment and family provocation emerged as a significant risk factor for SAD. The independent predictors of SAD were a parental provocation and physical or emotional maltreatment by the parent (odds ratio [OR] = 3.97, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.90-8.31 and OR = 2.67, 95% CI: 3.17-5.19, respectively). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of SAD in secondary school students at Abha is high. Parenting style risk factors for SAD are modifiable. In this context, a national program to improve mental health in this age group is crucial.

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