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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e241110, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1278500

RESUMO

Abstract Plasmodium vivax is the most common human malaria parasite in Asian countries including Pakistan. Present study was designed to explore the genetic diversity of plasmodium vivax genotypes based on Pvmsp-3α and Pvmsp-3βgenes using allelic specific nested PCR and RFLP assays markers from field isolates in district Mardan, Pakistan. Blood samples of 200 P. vivax malarial patients were collected after taking their written informed consent. Genetic diversity in nested PCR products was determined by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) utilizing Alu1 and PstI restriction enzymes for alpha and beta gene products digestion, respectively. For analysis the genetic diversity of the sub allelic variants of Pvmsp3α and Pvmsp3β genes, Chi-Square test was performed by utilizing Minitab programming software 18. The P value 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. For Pvmsp-3α genes after gel electrophoresis of digested products, four distinct genotypes were obtained from total of 50 samples; type A: 35 (70%) (1.5-2.0 kb), 12 of type B (24%) (1.5-1.7 kb), 2 of type C (4%) (0.5-1.5) and one for type D (2%) (0.5-0.65 kb) which could be characterized into 9 allelic pattern (A1-A4, B1-B3, C1, D), in which A3 remained the most predominant. For Pvmsp-3βgenes, three distinct genotypes were obtained from 50 samples; 40(80%) of type A (1.5-2.5 kb), 9 (18%) of type B (1.0-1.5kb) and 1(2%) of type C (0.65 kb) which could be characterized into 6 allelic patterns (A1-A3, B1-B2, and C1). Most dominant one in Type A was A1 alleles which were noted (46%), while in Type B, the most dominant were B1 (10%).This study is the first ever report of molecular epidemiology and genetic variation in Pvmsp-3α and Pvmsp-3β genes of P. vivax isolates by using PCR/RFLP from District Mardan and showed a remarkable level of genetic diversity in the studied genes of circulating parasites in the study area. The results of this study will contribute in future studies about the genetic structure of parasite and vaccine development against the malaria.


Resumo O Plasmodium vivax é o parasita da malária humana mais comum nos países asiáticos, incluindo o Paquistão. O presente estudo foi desenhado para explorar a diversidade genética de genótipos de Plasmodium vivax baseados nos genes Pvmsp-3α e Pvmsp-3β, usando marcadores de ensaios alélicos nested PCR e RFLP de isolados de campo no distrito de Mardan, Paquistão. Amostras de sangue de 200 pacientes com malária por P. vivax foram coletadas após assinatura do termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido. A diversidade genética em produtos de PCR nested foi determinada por polimorfismo de fragmento de restrição (RFLP) utilizando as enzimas de restrição Alu1 e PstI para a digestão dos produtos dos genes alfa e beta, respectivamente. Para análise da diversidade genética das variantes subalélicas dos genes Pvmsp3α e Pvmsp3β, o teste Qui-quadrado foi realizado utilizando o software de programação Minitab 18. O valor P = 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Para os genes Pvmsp-3α, após eletroforese em gel de produtos digeridos, quatro genótipos distintos foram obtidos de um total de 50 amostras; tipo A: 35 (70%) (1,5-2,0 kb), 12 do tipo B (24%) (1,5-1,7 kb), 2 do tipo C (4%) (0,5-1,5) e um para o tipo D (2%) (0,5-0,65 kb), que podem ser caracterizados em nove padrões alélicos (A1-A4, B1-B3, C1, D), em que A3 permaneceu como o mais predominante. Para Pvmsp-3βgenes, três genótipos distintos foram obtidos a partir de 50 amostras; 40 (80%) do tipo A (1,5-2,5 kb), 9 (18%) do tipo B (1,0-1,5 kb) e 1 (2%) do tipo C (0,65 kb), que podem ser caracterizados em seis padrões alélicos (A1-A3, B1-B2 e C1). Os mais dominantes no tipo A foram o alelo A1, observados em 46%, enquanto, no tipo B, os mais dominantes foram B1 (10%). Este estudo é o primeiro relato de epidemiologia molecular e variação genética em Pvmsp-3α. Os genes Pvmsp-3β de isolados de P. vivax utilizando PCR/RFLP do Distrito Mardan mostraram um nível notável de diversidade genética nos genes estudados de parasitas circulantes na área de estudo. Os resultados desse estudo contribuirão em estudos futuros sobre a estrutura genética do parasita e o desenvolvimento de vacinas contra a malária.

2.
Trop Biomed ; 38(3): 353-359, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508343

RESUMO

Curcumin is a potent antimicrobial herb used traditionally as a spice in culinary. This study was designed to evaluate the antiviral effects of curcuma longa extract against H9 influenza virus. A total of 60 embryonated eggs were equally divided into 5 groups with 12 eggs in each group. Group 1 (G1) served as uninfected negative control. Whereas Group 2 (G2) was kept as positive control infected with known virus @ 0.2 ml with 10-9.3 EID50. Group 3 (G3) was offered Curcuma longa @ 0.2 mg/0.2 ml and H9N2 virus (@ 0.2 ml with 10-9.3 EID50. Similarly, Group 4 (G4) was inoculated with extract of Curcuma longa @ 0.2 mg/0.2 ml per egg, whereas Group 5 (G5) was given Ribazole @ 0.2 ml/ egg. The crude extract and virus were administered on the 15th day of incubation and were checked after every 24 hours up to 96th hour post inoculation by random selection of 3 eggs. Death and survival rate were noted in all groups. Gross and histopathological lesions were also observed. Results revealed that Curcuma longa extract had significantly (p<0.05) reduced the mortality rate of embryos infected with H9N2 virus. In G3, increased lymphocytes and mild fatty changes were seen in liver. Whereas, mature RBCs, plasma cells and some lymphoblast's were observed in Spleen. Similarly, the bursa follicles were with lymphocytic aggregation. The G4 (Curcuma longa) and G5 (Ribazole) were with maximum embryo survival after 48 and 72 h post inoculation. This study revealed potential antiviral activity of Curcuma longa against H9N2 influenza viruses and can be opted as alternative to antibiotics and antiviral drugs to minimize the antimicrobial resistance in human and animal population.

3.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e241110, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133560

RESUMO

Plasmodium vivax is the most common human malaria parasite in Asian countries including Pakistan. Present study was designed to explore the genetic diversity of plasmodium vivax genotypes based on Pvmsp-3α and Pvmsp-3ßgenes using allelic specific nested PCR and RFLP assays markers from field isolates in district Mardan, Pakistan. Blood samples of 200 P. vivax malarial patients were collected after taking their written informed consent. Genetic diversity in nested PCR products was determined by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) utilizing Alu1 and PstI restriction enzymes for alpha and beta gene products digestion, respectively. For analysis the genetic diversity of the sub allelic variants of Pvmsp3α and Pvmsp3ß genes, Chi-Square test was performed by utilizing Minitab programming software 18. The P value 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. For Pvmsp-3α genes after gel electrophoresis of digested products, four distinct genotypes were obtained from total of 50 samples; type A: 35 (70%) (1.5-2.0 kb), 12 of type B (24%) (1.5-1.7 kb), 2 of type C (4%) (0.5-1.5) and one for type D (2%) (0.5-0.65 kb) which could be characterized into 9 allelic pattern (A1-A4, B1-B3, C1, D), in which A3 remained the most predominant. For Pvmsp-3ßgenes, three distinct genotypes were obtained from 50 samples; 40(80%) of type A (1.5-2.5 kb), 9 (18%) of type B (1.0-1.5kb) and 1(2%) of type C (0.65 kb) which could be characterized into 6 allelic patterns (A1-A3, B1-B2, and C1). Most dominant one in Type A was A1 alleles which were noted (46%), while in Type B, the most dominant were B1 (10%).This study is the first ever report of molecular epidemiology and genetic variation in Pvmsp-3α and Pvmsp-3ß genes of P. vivax isolates by using PCR/RFLP from District Mardan and showed a remarkable level of genetic diversity in the studied genes of circulating parasites in the study area. The results of this study will contribute in future studies about the genetic structure of parasite and vaccine development against the malaria.


Assuntos
Plasmodium vivax , Proteínas de Protozoários , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Paquistão , Plasmodium vivax/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética
4.
Mymensingh Med J ; 30(1): 28-34, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397847

RESUMO

The global burden of cancer is gradually rising. In our context we are also facing the same problem. Hematological malignancies (HMs) are important component of cancer. Early diagnosis and proper treatment at right time, a good number of HMs patients can be cured or lengthening the survival period. For this purpose a proper diagnostic criteria should be developed in our settings. This research work is carried out to find out the clinicopathological findings of HMs in our population. This was a cross-sectional descriptive type of observational study conducted in the Department of Medicine and Hematology of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh from July 2016 to June 2017. Total 45 patients were purposively selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria with a view to observe the clinical and laboratory findings. Mean age of the patients was 44.5 years. Highest average age (70 years) was found in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and lowest (29 years) in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Majority of the respondents were male in all HMs except in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) where male-female ratio was 0.3:7. Among male most of them were farmers or day laborers and most of the females were housewife. Almost all patients were exposed to single or multiple exposures like smoking, betel nut, betel leaf, tobacco leaf, fertilizer or pesticides. Acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML) was the leading HMS with 31.11% representation followed by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) 20%, Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) 15.56%, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) 11.11%, chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) 11.11%, multiple myeloma (MM)6.67% and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) 4.44%. Duration of symptoms was vary from 2 days to 5 years. In acute leukaemia duration was short (average 2 months). Common clinical findings were anaemia (95.5%), fever (80.0%), hepatosplenomegaly (42.2%), lymphadenopathy (40.0%), bony tenderness (22.2%) and bleeding manifestations (15.5%). Some uncommon findings were also reported like menorrhagia, facial nerve palsy, arthritis and disorientation. Common laboratory abnormalities were high ESR, anaemia, leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia and immature cell in PBF especially in acute leukaemia. Clinical suspicion along with history of positive exposure indicates strong possibilities of haematological malignancies. It should be kept in mind that haematological malignancies may also present with some isolated uncommon findings.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Linfoma não Hodgkin , Adulto , Idoso , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Masculino
5.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(2): 322-327, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31086146

RESUMO

Vitamin D is essential for the body to regulate calcium and phosphate levels and mineralization of bone. It is synthesized in the skin after ultraviolet radiation exposure or obtained in the diet to a less extent. Vitamin D deficiency is attracting attention due to higher prevalence in different populations. Physicians of Bangladesh are supposed to be vulnerable to low Vitamin D levels owing to long indoor work hours in both government and private settings. The study was conducted to evaluate Vitamin D status among physicians working in a tertiary level public hospital of Bangladesh. The cross sectional descriptive study was carried out at Mymensingh Medical College Hospital during the period of January 2018 to June 2018. Data were collected from purposively selected 102 doctors of different levels using a case record form. Interview, measurements and laboratory investigations were done accordingly. Vitamin D levels were categorized as deficient (<20.00ng/L), Insufficient (20.00-29.00ng/L), Sufficient (30.00-100.00ng/L) and Potential Toxicity (>100.00ng/L). Among 102 doctors 79(77.5%) were male and 23(22.5%) were female. Maximum (60.8%) were in the age group of 31 years to 50 years. Mean±SD age of the subjects was 49.9±3.61years. Vitamin D deficiency was found in 19(18.6%) subjects and insufficiency was in 49(48.0%) of the subjects. On the other hand 34(33.3%) subjects had sufficient Vitamin D levels. Potential Vitamin D toxicity was not found in any of the subjects. Vitamin D deficiency was found more in female (30.4%) than male (15.2%) but insufficiency was found more in male (50.6%) than female (39.1%). The study revealed that 66.6% physicians had either deficiency or insufficiency of Vitamin D. Exposure to sunlight, dietary intake and Vitamin D supplementation should be considered to increase the status of Vitamin D levels in Physicians of Bangladesh.


Assuntos
Médicos , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Raios Ultravioleta , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue
8.
Eur Phys J E Soft Matter ; 41(6): 75, 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29926290

RESUMO

The main object of the present paper is to examine and compare the improvement of flow and heat transfer characteristics between a rotating nanofluid and a newly discovered hybrid nanofluid in the presence of velocity slip and thermal slip. The influence of thermal radiation is also included in the present study. The system after applying the similarity transformations is solved numerically by using the bvp-4c scheme. Additionally, numerical calculations for the coefficient of skin friction and local Nusselt number are introduced and perused for germane parameters. The comparison between water, nanofluid and hybrid nanofluid on velocity and temperature is also visualized. It is observed that the velocity and temperature distributions are decreasing functions of the slip parameter. Temperature is boosted by thermal radiation and rotation. It is found that the heat transfer rate of the hybrid nanofluid is higher as compared to the traditional nanofluid.

9.
Microb Pathog ; 120: 176-180, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29733903

RESUMO

Blackleg is an endogenous acute infection that principally affects cattle. The disease is caused by Clostridium chauvoei (C. chauvoei), an anaerobic spore forming bacterium. Control of this disease is based on stringent husbandry measures and scheduled vaccination plan. In recent years, the major virulence factors of C. chauvoei have been discovered and described. However, the pathogenesis of blackleg in cattle and in particular, circulation of the pathogen from point of entry to target tissues is yet not fully elucidated. This review summarizes the latest review of literature that significantly contributed for understanding the disease in cattle, and provides a foundation to preventive strategies.

10.
Mymensingh Med J ; 26(4): 710-715, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29208856

RESUMO

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as symptoms or complications associated with regurgitation from the stomach and/or the duodenum to the esophagus. Patients with type II diabetes mellitus (DM) were known to have higher prevalence of GERD in the Western countries, but data on the impact of GERD on DM patients in our country are scarce. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the presence of GERD in type II DM patients admitted at the Department of Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from April 2015 to September 2015. A total of 137 type II DM cases were purposively collected. Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ) was used to check the presence of GERD. Patient's characteristics, laboratory data, face-to-face interview data were analyzed. Out of 137 type 2 DM patients 108 were suffering from GERD giving a prevalence rate of 78.8% which is quite high. Pathophysiological factors like age, sex, duration of DM, weight, waist circumference (WC) had no significant difference between GERD-DM and non-GERD-type II DM patients. Only hypertension and frequent eating fatty food were found to have significant differences between the two groups. From the study findings it could be said that the higher rate of GERD in patients with type II DM may be associated with lifestyle factor and some pathophysiological factors like hypertension. Psychiatric factors may also play role in contributing GERD. Further in-depth and large scale studies are necessary in our country in this regard.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária
11.
Mymensingh Med J ; 26(3): 490-497, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28919600

RESUMO

Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is one of the most common and life-threatening gastrointestinal emergency. There are several risk scores for risk stratification in UGIB patients. The Modified Blatchford score, which relies only on clinical and laboratory parameters, is practical in the emergency setting The Modified Blatchford scoring system also known as Glasgow Blatchford Scoring (GBS) have been developed to stratify risk of non variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage or need of medical or surgical intervention, endoscopic therapy. Objective of this study is to see risk stratification by The Modified Blatchford score and short term hospital outcome in non variceal upper GI hemorrhage patients. The observational study was carried out over a period of 6 months from October, 2014 to March, 2015 in Department of Department of Medicine, Gastroenterology and Surgery Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh. A total of 120 patients with non variceal UGIH were taken for the study during study period. Categorical variables were reported as percentage and Means and proportions were carried out using the Chi-square test (X2-test) of different variables by SPSS software version-18.0. Patients related variables age, sex; and main outcome variables the Modified Blatchford scoring system, Risk stratification, and short term hospital outcome were observed. Age frequency among total cases were 66(55%) <60 years, 50(41.67%) from 60-79 years and 4(3.3%) 80 years or above and sex distribution were 84(70%) were male and 36(30%) were female patients. Blatchford score of patients 1(0.83%) had score 0, 1(0.83%) had score 1, 2(1.67%) had score 2, 2(1.67%) had score 3, 2(1.67%) had score 4, 3(2.5%) had score 5, 12(10%) had score 6; 15(12.5%) had score 7, 16(13.33%) had score 8, 17(14.17%) had score 9, 16(13.33%) had score 10, 15(12.5%) had score 11, 10(8.33%) had score 12, 4(3.33% ) had score 13, 1(0.83%) had score 14, 2(1.67%) had score 15 and 1(0.83%) had score 16. Risk stratification showed 54(45%) had low risk (Mean GBS score 6.19±1.79), 66(55%) had high risk (Mean GBS score 11.03±1.83) Outcome of the patients were observed that 1(0.83%) died, 54(45%) was discharged without any medical or surgical intervention, and 65(54.17%) patients' needs medical or surgical intervention such as blood transfusion and endoscopy. Among total 120 patients with upper GI hemorrhage I have found that GBS score of three or less than three is predictive of low risk of adverse outcomes and can be discharged without any intervention.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Gastrointestinal , Adulto , Transfusão de Sangue , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
Lung Cancer ; 111: 131-134, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28838383

RESUMO

Primary outcome of the Dutch-Belgian lung cancer screening trial (NELSON) is lung cancer-specific mortality. Accurate assessment of the cause of death (CoD) is crucial. As death certificates regarding the CoD can be inaccurate, a clinical expert committee (CEC) was formed to assign the CoD. In this study, the medical files of deceased lung cancer patients were reviewed and the outcomes were compared with official death certificates. The first 266 completed medical files of Dutch deceased participants who were diagnosed with lung cancer during the study or of those with lung cancer on the death certificate were selected and blinded towards arms and patients identity. The end product of the review process consisted of six possible categories which defined the graduation of certainty that lung cancer was the primary CoD. The percentage agreement and the Cohen's kappa statistics between the two CEC-memberswere calculated. The sensitivity and specificity of the official death certificates were determined. The results indicated that, the overall concordance and the Cohen's kappa between the CEC-memberswere 86.1% and 0.57(0.45-0.69, p<0.001), respectively. This level increased with the numbers of cases evaluated. The sensitivity and the specificity of the official death certificate were 92.6% and 98.8%; 6.5% cases were reclassified to lung cancer specific death, which is lower than in the National Lung Screening trial(22.0%). Concluding, each death should be reviewed by at least two members. So far, in the NELSON trial, possible biases related to lung cancer death seem relatively small.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Atestado de Óbito , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros
13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(33): 23326-39, 2016 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27498605

RESUMO

As the Ti-Mn phase diagram is part of numerous ternary and higher order systems of technological importance, the present paper defines phase relations which have been experimentally established throughout this work from 800 °C to the melting range based on Differential Thermal Analyses (DTA), X-ray powder diffraction, metallography and Electron Probe Micro Analysis (EPMA) techniques on ∼50 alloys, which were prepared by arc melting or high frequency melting under high purity argon starting from freshly cleaned metal ingots. Novel compounds were identified and reaction isotherms were redefined accordingly. In the Ti-rich region a novel compound TiMn was detected, sandwiched between the known phases: TiMn1-x (∼45 at% Mn) and TiMn1+x (∼55 at% Mn). In the Mn-rich region the hitherto unknown crystal structure of TiMn∼3 was solved from X-ray single crystal diffraction data and found to be of a unique structure type Ti6(Ti1-xMnx)6Mn25 (x = 0.462; space group Pbam (#55); a = 0.79081(3) nm, b = 2.58557(9) nm, c = 0.47931(2) nm), which consists of two consecutive layers of the hexagonal MgZn2-type Laves phase (TiMn2) and a combined layer of alternate structure blocks of MgZn2 type and Zr4Al3 type. Whereas TiMn can be considered as a line compound (solubility range <∼1 at%), the homogeneity regions of the Ti-Mn compounds are significant (determined by EPMA): TiMn1-x (44.0 to 46.6 at% Mn), TiMn1+x (54.6 to 56.3 at% Mn), Ti1+xMn2-x (MgZn2-type, 59 to 69 at% Mn at 1000 °C: -0.08 < x < 0.23), TiMn∼3 (unique type; 74 to 76.5 at% Mn) and TiMn∼4 (R-phase: Ti8(TixMn1-x)6Mn39, 80 to 84 at% Ti). Supported by ab initio calculations of the ground state energy for the Laves phase, the new experimental results enabled thermodynamic modelling of the entire Ti-Mn phase diagram providing a complete and novel set of thermodynamic data thus providing a sound basis for future thermodynamic predictions of higher order Ti-Mn-X-Y systems.

14.
Int J Surg ; 27: 58-65, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26796369

RESUMO

AIMS: To externally validate the MSKCC nomogram in a UK population, and determine if it could be used in our practice here in the UK. METHODS: The colon cancer database from a district general hospital in England was used to extract all patients who had a curative colon cancer resection. Inclusion criteria were all patients who had curative elective colon cancer resection between 01/01/1998 and 31/12/2003. Patients were followed up for up to ten years. Five and ten year predictions were calculated for each patient, and plotted against the actual recurrence using a ROC curve, and AUC was calculated for both the five and ten year nomogram. RESULTS: 138 patients were included in the study. Overall five year recurrence rate was 26.8% with a mean follow up of 60.24 months (SD = 38.6). 118 patients were included in the five year nomogram validation, and 102 patients were included in the ten year nomogram validation. A ROC curve was plotted for both the five and ten year nomogram and AUC was calculated. For the five year nomogram AUC was 0.673, and for the ten year nomogram AUC was 0.687. Two cut off points were identified for each nomogram and this divided the cohort into low, medium and high risk groups for recurrence. Cox regression showed there was significant difference between all groups for both nomograms. CONCLUSION: The MSKCC colon cancer nomogram was validated in our cohort, but it is recommended to be used in conjunction with AJCC TNM staging system.


Assuntos
Colectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Nomogramas , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Análise de Regressão , Medição de Risco/métodos
15.
Mymensingh Med J ; 23(2): 392-4, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24858174

RESUMO

Solid pseudopapillary tumour of pancreas (SPT) is an extremely rare pancreatic tumour, which has a low malignant potential and occurs mainly in young women. Pathologic and imaging findings include a well defined encapsulated pancreatic mass with cystic and solid components with evidence of haemorrhage. This is a case of a 16 years old girl who presented with upper abdominal pain of long duration and epigastric mass on palpation. Computed Tomography (CT) scan demonstrated a large well defined heterogenous attenuation mass of solid enhancing and cystic non enhancing areas, arising from the head of the pancreas. Radiologically it was diagnosed as a case of pancreatic neoplasm. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and histopathology of the biopsy material diagnosed as solid pseudopapillary tumour of pancreas.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Papilar/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos
16.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 57(4): 325-9, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23758063

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Recently, it was speculated that human serum albumin (HSA) possesses ß-lactamase activity and could contribute to nonmicrobial-based antibiotic resistance, owing to its ability to hydrolyse the ß-lactam ring of nitrocefin. Moreover, the putative ß-lactamase activity of HSA has been shown to increase significantly in the presence of environmental pollutants (1-naphthol and 2-naphthol). It was postulated that HSA could also cleave the ß-lactam ring of clinically significant antibiotics. We studied the ß-lactamase activity of HSA on clinically significant antibiotics of cephalosporin group in the presence of environmental pollutants by determining specific activity, enzyme kinetics and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC). The specific activity of HSA on various cephalosporins was found to be 1181-34 550 times lower than that observed for recombinant CTX-M-15 (used as positive control). The catalytic efficiency (kcat /Km ) of HSA on nitrocefin hydrolysis was 126·7 times lower than that of recombinant CTX-M-15, and it has increased only 2- to 3-folds in the presence of environmental pollutants. Moreover, cephalosporins were not hydrolysed by HSA under experimental conditions. The MIC data also showed that HSA is incapable of hydrolysing cephalosporins. The study concludes that HSA is inefficient to cleave antibiotics of cephalosporin group and hence does not contribute to nonmicrobial-based antibiotic resistance. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Earlier reports showed that human serum albumin (HSA) possesses ß-lactamase activity, owing to its ability to cleave nitrocefin, and thus contributes to antibiotic resistance. Also, its ß-lactamase activity is augmented when exposed to pollutants. As nitrocefin is not an antibiotic of clinical use, the conclusion drawn does not represent a true scenario and is misleading. Our results showed that HSA is inefficient in cleaving nitrocefin as compared to a true ß-lactamase (CTX-M-15) and is practically inactive on cephalosporin antibiotics even in the presence pollutants. The findings showed that HSA-mediated hydrolysis of ß-lactam antibiotics does not contribute to antibiotic resistance.


Assuntos
Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Cefalosporinas/metabolismo , Resistência a Medicamentos , Humanos , Cinética , Naftóis/metabolismo , Albumina Sérica/química , beta-Lactamases/química
17.
Mymensingh Med J ; 21(1): 28-33, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22314450

RESUMO

This cross sectional descriptive study was done to find out common clinical presentations, etiologies and laboratory investigation abnormalities in patients of periodic paralysis. Study was carried out in 30 patients with an age range from 8 to 70 years who were enrolled from July 2008 to June 2009 in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH) medicine unit. Individuals who were admitted with sudden onset generalized muscle weakness, had history of previous attack and serum potassium level <3mmol/l or >5.5mmol/l were included in this study. In this series, majority of the patients were male (66.67%). Male: female ratio was approximately 2:1. The mean age of the patients was 27.4±4.5 years. Majority (26.67%) of them were in age range of 31-40 years. About 30% of the patients experienced the first attack of paralysis at the age of 20-24 years. Majority of patients (53%) were from middle class family with occupation of private service (26.66%) and farmer (20%). Positive family history was reported in 20% of patients. Regarding the precipitating factors, majority of patients (83.3%) were related to high carbohydrate meal, 56.67% related to temperature, 41.67% to exercise. Flaccid muscle weakness with variables muscle power (MRC grade 4/5 to 2/5 in 60% and 1/5 to 0/5 in 40%) was found. Cerebellar functions, all modalities of sensations and functions of cranial nerves were intact in all patients. In this series, laboratory investigations revealed reduced serum potassium level (<3mmol/l) in 90% of patients. Serum potassium value >5.5mmol/l was found in only 3.33% of patients. Creatine kinase (MM) was raised in 23% of the patients and Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level was 0.8-2mmol/l in 6% of the patients. More than half of the patients (56%) showed variable ECG changes. Impaired nerve conduction function was found in 28.00%. So, careful history taking, meticulous clinical examination and simple laboratory investigations is sufficient to make a prompt diagnosis and rapid management of patients with periodic paralysis.


Assuntos
Paralisias Periódicas Familiares/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paralisias Periódicas Familiares/sangue , Potássio/sangue , Tireotropina/sangue , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Chemother ; 23(3): 131-4, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21742580

RESUMO

Integrons have been observed to be frequently associated with uropathogenic bacteria. This study aimed at 1) determining the prevalence of class 1 integrons among ESBLl-producing uropathogenic Escherichia coli, and 2) analyzing resistance genes associated with different phylogenetic groups of the integron-positive isolates with special reference to bla(CTX-M) and bla(TEM). Twenty-three ESBL-producing E. coli were studied. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-PCR (ERIC-PCR) displayed 14 major patterns. Pulse field Gel electrophoresis-typing of 8 randomly selected integron-positive strains ruled out any correlation between genotype and antibiotype. Genomic DNA from 14 strains was PCR-positive for class 1 integrons, bla(CTX-M-15) and bla(TEM-1)-like genes. Integron-sequencing revealed "aadA5-dfrA17-dfrA7" as the most prevalent gene cassette. Our findings unveil the increasing role of the bla(CTX-M) genes in antibiotic resistance and emphasize on the significance of appropriate empirical treatment for Urinary tract infections. Moreover, this is the first study which reports bla(CTX-M) located on genomic DNA of bacteria from India.


Assuntos
Integrons , Escherichia coli Uropatogênica/genética , beta-Lactamases/genética , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Genes MDR , Genoma Bacteriano , Genótipo , Humanos , Índia , Filogenia , Prevalência , Infecções Urinárias/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia , Escherichia coli Uropatogênica/enzimologia , Escherichia coli Uropatogênica/isolamento & purificação , Escherichia coli Uropatogênica/metabolismo
20.
Nuklearmedizin ; 50(3): 134-40, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21340097

RESUMO

AIM: The radiosynthesis of 99mTc-Prulifloxacin ((99m)Tc-PRN) was assessed in terms of stability, binding with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), biodistribution in rats (RT) and scintigraphic profile in rabbits (RB). ANIMALS, MATERIAL, METHODS: 99mTc-PRN was synthesized by mixing 25 µg of stannous fluoride (SnF2) with 18.5 MBq of sodium pertechnetate. Thereafter, 0.5 mg of the prufloxacin (PRN) was added to the reaction mixture and the pH was set at 5.1 with 0.01 mol/l HCl. The reaction mixture was incubated at room temperature. The same process was repeated by increasing the concentration of the stannous fluoride from 25 to 250 µg, sodium pertechnetate from 18,5 to 185 MBq and the PRN from 0.5 to 5 mg. The radiochemical stability of the 99mTc-PRN was investigated in higher concentration of the cystein. In-vitro binding investigation was performed using living and heat killed S. aureus to verify specificity of the 99mTc-PRN. Biodistribution was evaluated in artificially infected rats and scintigraphic precision in rabbits at different interval. RESULTS: The 99mTc-RPN prepared by mixing 2 mg of PRN, 74 MBq sodium pertechnetate, 100 µg stannous fluoride at pH 5.4, appeared to be more than 90% stable with a maximum radiochemical yield of 98.15 ± 0.25% at 30 min. The 99mTc-PRN showed higher stability in serum and satisfactory in-vitro binding to living as compared to heat killed S. aureus. 14.25 ± 0.15% of the injected dose was accumulated in the infected muscle of the model RT. Infected to normal muscle ratio was 5.12 and inflamed to normal muscle was 1.2. The biodistribution was validated by the scintigraphic localization of infection in rabbits. CONCLUSION: This investigation of 99mTc-PRN confirmed its momentous radiochemical immovability in saline, serum, preferential in-vitro binding to living bacteria, higher uptake in the infected muscle of model RT and precise localization in the infected muscle of model RB.


Assuntos
Dioxolanos/farmacocinética , Fluoroquinolonas/farmacocinética , Piperazinas/farmacocinética , Infecções Estafilocócicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções Estafilocócicas/metabolismo , Tecnécio/farmacocinética , Animais , Dioxolanos/química , Fluoroquinolonas/química , Taxa de Depuração Metabólica , Especificidade de Órgãos , Piperazinas/química , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Coelhos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/síntese química , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Tecnécio/química , Distribuição Tecidual , Imagem Corporal Total/métodos
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