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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35329407


OBJECTIVE: The relevance of growth determination in orthodontics is driving the search for the most precise and least invasive way of tracking the pubertal growth spurt. Our aim was to explore whether minimally invasive salivary estimation of biomarkers Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) could be used to estimate skeletal maturity for clinical convenience, especially in children and adolescent age groups. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The cross-sectional study was conducted on 90 participants (56 girls and 34 males) with ages ranging from 6 to 25 years. Each subject's hand-wrist radiograph was categorized based on skeletal maturity, and saliva samples were estimated for IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 using the respective ELISA kits. Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric ANOVA was applied to compare different skeletal stages. RESULTS: The study demonstrated low salivary IGF-1 levels at the prepubertal stage, with increase during pubertal onset and peak pubertal stage followed by a decline during pubertal deceleration to growth completion. Spearman's correlation coefficient demonstrated a strong positive association (r = 0.98 p < 0.01) between salivary IGF/IGFBP-3 ratio and different stages of skeletal maturity. CONCLUSION: Salivary IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and IGF/IGFBP-3 ratio could serve as a potential biochemical marker for predicting the completion of skeletal maturity.

Proteína 3 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Masculino , Radiografia , Punho , Adulto Jovem
J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol ; 28(1): 14-23, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476914


BACKGROUND: Regular visits to the health care providers can develop a relationship that can extend beyond the physical health alone as the patient is transiting towards older age, adapting to changes in physical health, emotional health, and social connections. Apart from limiting access to health care services, the attitudes, beliefs, comfort level of the treating doctors towards the geriatric patients can motivate or demotivate them to access dental care. AIM: To explore the Saudi Arabian undergraduate students perception of geriatric patients and identify potential barriers that prevent the utilization of their dental appointment. METHODS: A close-ended questionnaire with one question and eight reasons was administered to the fifth year clinical students. The students were requested to specify their agreement with each question on a 5-point Likert scale. Among the barriers presented, each reason's approval was expressed as the percentage of the total number of responses. In addition, the gender comparison of mean scores was made, and an independent sample t-test was used to analyze the statements agreed by the students. All analyses were performed using Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0 (IBM, USA) with the probability of statistical significance at 0.05 level. RESULTS: Fifty-one students recorded their perceptions on the questionnaire administered during their clinical posting in the fifth year of the geriatric dental education program. It was concluded that students believed that geriatric patients give overwhelming importance to other problems with minor importance to oral health care. In addition, gender comparison was more evident as the percentage expressed was more in females. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for more clinical exposure of geriatric patients during their clinical postings. Student's acquaintance with didactic and clinical settings appears to be a critical element towards positive knowledge and attitude towards the geriatric population.

Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudantes de Odontologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Percepção , Arábia Saudita , Inquéritos e Questionários
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 604-608, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025926


AIM: This study aims to evaluate and compare the efficacy of auto-control syringe (ACS) and insulin syringe (IS) for palatal local anesthesia administration in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a double-blind, randomized, and crossover trial, comprising 80 children requiring palatal anesthesia bilaterally (total 160 injections). Palatal anesthesia on one side was delivered with ACS in one appointment and contralaterally with IS in the second appointment. One-week washout period was given between first and second appointments. Each child acted as his own control. Each injection technique subjective and objective pain scores were measured twice (during needle prick and during actual deposition of local anesthesia). Subjective and objective evaluation of pain was measured with Wong-Baker FACES pain rating scale (WB-FPS) and the face, leg, activity, cry, and consolability scale (FLACC), respectively. After concluding second appointment, child was asked about their preference between both ACS and IS. Statistical evaluation was performed using Chi-square test. RESULTS: Child reported less pain score for needle prick with IS as opposed to ACS (p value = 0.000416). There was no significant difference between dentist-reported pain scores between any group for both needle prick and local anesthesia administration. There is no significant difference between child reported pain score during administration of local anesthesia between two groups. Irrespective of pain scores, most of the children (96.5%) preferred IS. CONCLUSION: For palatal local anesthesia administration in children, both IS and auto-controlled syringe have similar efficacy. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Insulin syringe can serve as an economical alternative to the expensive auto-controlled syringe for palatal injections in children.

Anestesia Dentária , Anestésicos Locais , Insulinas , Seringas , Anestesia Dentária/métodos , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Criança , Estudos Cross-Over , Humanos , Medição da Dor