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1.
Parasitol Res ; 120(2): 731-737, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33442815

RESUMO

Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus multilocularis, a heteroxenous parasite belonging to Cestoda class. AE is currently considered an important public health issue, but epidemiological and notably molecular data from several endemic countries, including Pakistan, are sparse. Here we report the first detection of Echinococcus multilocularis in wildlife from Pakistan after real-time PCR and sequencing confirmation in the faecal samples of three foxes from northern Kaghan and Siran regions. The occurrence is estimated at 4.4% (95% CI 0.9-12.4). In order to go further in the epidemiological investigations on E. multilocularis and due to the potential presence of other Echinococcus species, we suggest the need for further epidemiological surveys targeting E. multilocularis and E. granulosus sensu lato isolates from humans and intermediate hosts as well as definitive hosts from wildlife in Pakistan.

2.
Expert Rev Hematol ; 14(1): 109-122, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the mutational spectrum in the HBB gene in Arab patients with ß-thal. METHODS: Authors searched five databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) from the time of inception until March 2020. RESULTS: The authors search strategy yielded 3,229 citations, of which 48 eligible studies captured. 105 mutations were captured, of these, 99 were shared between Arabs and other ethnic groups, six mutations were unique to Arabs (c.92 + 2 T > G, c.-240 G > A, c.150delC, c.420dupT, deletion of 192 bp spanning exon 1, intron 1, and the first two bases of exon 2 of HBB gene, and deletion of 9.6 kb, including exon 1 and intron 2 of HBB gene). The most common HBB gene mutations among Arabs were c.93-21 G > A, c.118 C > T, c.92 + 1 G > A, c.92 + 6 T > C, c.92 + 5 G > C, c.315 + 1 G > A, and c.27dupG. Consanguinity is high among Arab patients with ß-thal. Migration into Arab countries led to allelic heterogeneity among Arab patients with ß-thal. CONCLUSION: Our findings present a platform for further genetic epidemiological studies for Arab patients with ß-thal.

3.
JACC Basic Transl Sci ; 5(11): 1127-1141, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33294742

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) transplantation is a form of the stem-cell therapy that has shown beneficial effects for many diseases. The use of stem-cell therapy, including MSC transplantation, however, has limitations such as the tumorigenic potential of stem cells and the lack of efficacy of aged autologous cells. An ideal therapeutic approach would keep the beneficial effects of MSC transplantation while circumventing the limitations associated with the use of intact stem cells. This study provides proof-of-concept evidence that MSC-derived extracellular vesicles represent a promising platform to develop an acellular therapeutic approach that would just do that. Extracellular vesicles are membranous vesicles secreted by MSCs and contain bioactive molecules to mediate communication between different cells. Extracellular vesicles can be taken up by recipient cells, and once inside the recipient cells, the bioactive molecules are released to exert the beneficial effects on the recipient cells. This study, for the first time to our knowledge, shows that extracellular vesicles secreted by MSCs recapitulate the beneficial effects of MSCs on vascular repair and promote blood vessel regeneration after ischemic events. Furthermore, MSCs from aged donors can be engineered to produce extracellular vesicles with improved regenerative potential, comparable to MSCs from young donors, thus eliminating the need for allogenic young donors for elderly patients.

4.
Parasitology ; : 1-7, 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353570

RESUMO

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is considered a neglected tropical disease which in Pakistan can now be considered as a growing public health problem. The exact figures on the magnitude of the disease are lacking both at the national and regional level and only a few health centres are available for diagnosis of CL. The present study was designed to identify the epidemiology of CL infection from August 2018 to December 2019 and to assess clinical aspects of CL in Baluchistan Province of Pakistan. A total of 4072 clinically suspected CL cases were analysed statistically. The highest number of CL cases were reported in May, followed by April, January and then July, February and June and the lowest number of cases were observed in March and November. The highest prevalence rate was found in males where 38% of reported cases were aged 0-9 years. The majority (24.4%) of lesions were found on the hands followed by the face in which cheeks, ears and nose were the effected organs. About 50% of the participants have single lesion while 14% of the participants had two and nearly 3% of the participants have six lesions. The atypical clinical presentations were observed in Baluchistan and common unusual presentations were lupus erythematosus. The study findings suggest that more epidemiological studies and health education campaigns are needed for the population awareness regarding CL in Baluchistan. It is recommended that risk factors should be evaluated to establish control and management strategies to prevent disease at the individual and community level.

5.
Acta Trop ; 213: 105746, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33160955

RESUMO

Recent outbreaks of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) in Waziristan make the disease a public health concern in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province, Pakistan. The awareness and behavior of local community towards the disease is an important factor towards effective control and management of CL in endemic areas of Pakistan. A cross-sectional community based survey was piloted in new emerging district of North Waziristan Agency (KPK province), Pakistan from August 2019- February 2020. The study aimed to examine the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) of the local community members regarding CL. The results revealed that majority of the participants were male. Only 48.2% participants have knowledge about CL and the respondents had a moderate knowledge of CL vector and the disease. Few of the respondents were aware that CL is caused by sand flies, their breeding place, biting time, transmission of CL and control measures. Skin infection and sand-flies were the main disease symptoms and disease vector were known to some of the respondents. Most of the respondents showed positive attitude towards disease seriousness and believed that the disease could be cured and can be treated through modern medicines. Admission to hospitals, cleanliness and use of bed nets were the treatment measures for the disease in suspected patients, whereas some believed that the use of bed nets could be helpful in preventing the leishmaniasis. Moderate knowledge of the CL and its transmission in the study area emphasize the need to initiate health education and awareness campaigns to reduce the disease risk and burden in this highly endemic area in near future.

6.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0242199, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent evidence of significant sex-based differences in the presentation of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and its complications has been found in humans, which may contribute to sex-based differences in reduced functionality and quality of life. Some functionality, such as tactile function of the hands, has significant direct impact on quality of life. The purpose of the current study was to explore the impact of DM and sex on tactile function, with consideration of variability in health state measures. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A case-control single time point observational study from 2012-2020 in an ethnically diverse population-based community setting. The sample consists of 132 adult individuals: 70 independent community dwelling persons with DM (PwDM) and 62 age- and sex-matched controls (42 males and 90 females in total). The Semmes-Weinstein monofilament test was used to evaluate tactile sensation of the hands. RESULTS: Tactile sensation thresholds were adversely impacted by sex, age, degree of handedness, high A1c, diagnosis of DM, and neuropathy. Overall, strongly right-handed older adult males with poorly controlled DM and neuropathy possessed the poorest tactile discrimination thresholds. When self-identified minority status was included in a secondary analysis, DM diagnosis was no longer significant; negative impacts of age, neuropathy, degree of handedness, and high A1c remained significant. CONCLUSIONS: The data indicate significant impacts of male sex, age, degree of handedness, self-identified minority status, and metabolic health on the development of poor tactile sensation. This combination of modifiable and non-modifiable factors are important considerations in the monitoring and treatment of DM complications.

7.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(18): 1206, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33241055

RESUMO

[This retracts the article DOI: 10.21037/atm.2019.10.113.].

8.
ACS Omega ; 5(38): 24211-24221, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015437

RESUMO

Cadmium nanoparticles (NPs) used in semiconducting devices are photosensitive and optically active. The objective of this study was to investigate the interactive effect of different spectral lights and CdO NPs on morphological, antioxidant, and phytochemical characteristics of Dodonaea viscosa. The plants were grown on media in the presence of green and chemically synthesized CdO NPs and under red, yellow, green, blue, and white light intensities. Results illustrated that plant morphological parameters changed in the presence of different spectral lights and NPs behaved differentially under different spectral lights. Fresh and dry weights of plants decreased in the presence of NPs in the media; however, the concentration and route of synthesis of NPs have a significant effect on these parameters. The same was observed in the case of shoot and root lengths; however, green synthesized NPs were found to be less toxic under different spectral lights. The total antixodant response increased under yellow, blue, and white lights, while the total reducing potential of plant extracts significantly varied depending upon the NP concentration and light spectrum. Different spectral lights significantly influenced the syntheses of phenolics and flavonoids under CdO NP stress and light regimes. It is concluded that toxicity of NPs also depends upon the wavelength of striking light that varies the morphological, biochemical, and antioxidative response of the plants. Furthermore, the white light might have synergistic effects of different wavelengths.

9.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 18433, 2020 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116158

RESUMO

Nerve-derived human Schwann cell (SC) cultures are irreplaceable models for basic and translational research but their use can be limited due to the risk of fibroblast overgrowth. Fibroblasts are an ill-defined population consisting of highly proliferative cells that, contrary to human SCs, do not undergo senescence in culture. We initiated this study by performing an exhaustive immunological and functional characterization of adult nerve-derived human SCs and fibroblasts to reveal their properties and optimize a protocol of magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) to separate them effectively both as viable and biologically competent cells. We next used immunofluorescence microscopy imaging, flow cytometry analysis and next generation RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) to unambiguously characterize the post-MACS cell products. High resolution transcriptome profiling revealed the identity of key lineage-specific transcripts and the clearly distinct neural crest and mesenchymal origin of human SCs and fibroblasts, respectively. Our analysis underscored a progenitor- or stem cell-like molecular phenotype in SCs and fibroblasts and the heterogeneity of the fibroblast populations. In addition, pathway analysis of RNA-seq data highlighted putative bidirectional networks of fibroblast-to-SC signaling that predict a complementary, yet seemingly independent contribution of SCs and fibroblasts to nerve regeneration. In sum, combining MACS with immunochemical and transcriptomics approaches provides an ideal workflow to exhaustively assess the identity, the stage of differentiation and functional features of highly purified cells from human peripheral nerve tissues.

10.
Front Genet ; 11: 1017, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33101364

RESUMO

Background: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which accounts for majority of RCC-related deaths. It is clearly essential to further identify more novel prognostic signatures and therapeutic targets. Material and Methods: We identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between ccRCC and adjacent normal tissues in GEO database using a Robust Rank Aggregation (RRA) method. An mRNA signature (mRNASig) based on DEGs was developed using Cox and LASSO analysis in the TCGA database and validated in the ICGC database. Afterward, the influence of mRNASig mRNAs on the immune microenvironment in ccRCC was explored using comprehensive bioinformatics analysis. Results: A total of 957 robust DEGs were identified using the RRA method. mRNASig comprised CEP55, IFI44, NCF4, and TCIRG1 and was developed and validated to identify high-risk patients who had poorer prognosis than low-risk patients. A nomogram was also constructed based on mRNASig, AJCC stage, and tumor grade. The mRNASig were closely related to a variety of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, especially including CD8+ T cells, activated CD4+ memory T cells, regulatory T cells, activated NK cells, and resting NK cells. The mRNASig were also correlated positively with the expression of CTLA4, LAG3, PDCD1, TIGIT, and HAVCR2. Conclusion: We developed and validated mRNASig to assist clinicians in making personalized treatment decisions. Furthermore, CEP55, IFI44, NCF4, and TCIRG1 may be novel potential targets for future treatment of ccRCC.

11.
Radiol Case Rep ; 15(10): 1960-1964, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32874391

RESUMO

In this study, we report 2 cases of abnormal systemic artery to left lower lobe (ASALLL) with hemoptysis. In case 1, a 15-year-old boy experienced intermittent hemoptysis for over a year. After diagnosis of ASALLL by chest-enhanced computerized tomography (CT), interventional embolization was performed to treat the abnormal arteries, and the patient was cured and discharged. Case 2 is a 36-year-old man with chest pain and hemoptysis recurring for many years and aggravating for 5 days. ASALLL was diagnosed by chest-enhancement CT examination. After thoracoscopic resection of the left lower lobe, the patient was discharged. These cases show that the clinical manifestations of ASALLL are mainly recurrent hemoptysis symptoms. For patients with hemoptysis, the disease should be found and not limited to symptomatic treatment. Chest-enhanced CT scanning can diagnose ASALLL, and interventional embolization or surgical treatment can be selected for treatment.

13.
Acta Trop ; 212: 105709, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956637

RESUMO

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease that occurs in humans and ungulates due to infection with the larval stage of the taeniid cestode Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. It has been estimated that approximately one million people are infected annually, resulting in US$3 billion in human and livestock-associated direct and indirect losses per year. CE is a serious public health concern in many parts of the world, including Pakistan. This review discusses the causative agent as well as the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of CE in Pakistan.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32835845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Depression and anxiety can have negative effects on patients and are important to treat. There have been few studies of their prevalence among patients with cirrhosis. We aimed to characterize the prevalence and risk factors for depression and anxiety in a large multi-center cohort of patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: We conducted a telephone-based survey of patients with cirrhosis at 3 health systems in the United States (a tertiary-care referral center, a safety net system, and a Veterans hospital) from April through December 2018. Of 2871 patients approached, 1021 (35.6%) completed the survey. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the PHQ-9 (range 0-25) and STAI (range 20-80) instruments, with clinically significant values defined as PHQ-9 ≥15 and STAI ≥40. We performed multivariate logistic regression analysis to identify factors associated with significant depression and anxiety. RESULTS: The median PHQ-9 score was 7 (25th percentile-75th percentile, 3-12) and the median STAI score was 33 (25th percentile-75th percentile, 23-47); 15.6% of patients had moderately severe to severe depression and 42.6% of patients had high anxiety. In multivariable analyses, self-reported poor health (odds ratio [OR], 4.08; 95% CI, 1.79-9.28), being widowed (OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.07-4.05), fear of hepatocellular carcinoma (OR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.04-3.42), higher household income (OR, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.10-0.95), and Hispanic ethnicity (OR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.33-0.97) were associated with moderately severe to severe depression. Male sex (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.51-0.98), self-reported poor health (OR, 2.73; 95% CI, 1.73-4.32), and fear of hepatocellular carcinoma (OR, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.33-3.78) were associated with high anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly 1 in 6 patients with cirrhosis have moderately severe to severe depression and nearly half have moderate-severe anxiety. Patients with cirrhosis should be evaluated for both of these disorders.

15.
Respirology ; 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32851725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: IPF is a fatal and debilitating lung disorder increasing in incidence worldwide. To date, two approved treatments only slow disease progression, have multiple side effects and do not provide a cure. MSC have promising therapeutic potential as a cell-based therapy for many lung disorders based on the anti-fibrotic properties of the MSC. METHODS: Critical questions remain surrounding the optimal source, timing and efficacy of cell-based therapies. The present study examines the most effective sources of MSC. Human MSC were derived from adipose, WJ, chorionic membrane (CSC) and chorionic villi (CVC). MSC were injected into the ageing mouse model of BLM-induced lung fibrosis. RESULTS: All sources decreased Aschroft and hydroxyproline levels when injected into BLM-treated mice at day 10 with the exception of CSC cells that did not change hydroxyproline levels. There were also decreases in mRNA expression of αv -integrin and TNFα in all sources except CSC. Only ASC- and WJ-derived cells reduced AKT and MMP-2 activation, while Cav-1 was increased by ASC treatment as previously reported. BLM-induced miR dysregulation of miR-29 and miR-199 was restored only by ASC treatment. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that sources of MSC may differ in the pathway(s) involved in repair.

16.
Radiol Infect Dis ; 7(3): 106-113, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838006

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the CT imaging results of patients with COVID-19 who previously received several follow-up visits and to explain the changes in pulmonary inflammation. Methods: Cases of 15 patients with COVID-19 were retrospectively analyzed: their epidemiology, clinical history, laboratory tests, and multiple CT chest scans obtained during the disease period were studied. Results: The CT scans of the 15 patients showed different results. Four patients had no abnormal findings in their chest CT scans. The first scan of 1 patient revealed right lower lobe inflammation, while the lesion had been completely absorbed in follow-up. Two patients showed bilateral pulmonary inflammation in the first scan which had been absorbed by follow-up but the last examination showed extensive fibrosis. Two patients had no abnormalities in their first CT scans, while pulmonary inflammation was found in the second scan and this had not been completely absorbed by the last follow-up. One patient had pulmonary interstitial lesions with no evidence of National Cochlear Implant Programme (NCIP) on the first and second CT scans. NCIP was found at the third scan, and pulmonary inflammation was not completely absorbed at the last follow-up. Three patients were in the early stage of inflammation at the first scan, and the lesions were absorbed and repaired at the last follow-up. However, the lesions were not completely absorbed. One patient was in the advanced stage at the first scan, and the last follow-up pulmonary lesions were not completely absorbed. The first CT scan of 1 patient revealed large ground-glass opacity in the lungs involving the inner and middle bands. After follow-up, the disease progressed, and this condition was consistent with severe manifestations. Conclusion: The follow-up of chest CT can reflect the change process of NCIP and the treatment effect. The first CT scan of lung lesions has a certain predictive effect on the outcome and prognosis of patients.

17.
J Community Health ; 2020 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32661860

RESUMO

Exceptional precautionary measures have been adopted to stop the transmission and control of COVID-19 through the world and Pakistan is facing lockdown in this scenario. Public loyalty to precautionary measures is affected by their knowledge, attitude, risk factors and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19. The present study was conducted among the Pakistani residents to observe the knowledge, attitude, practices and risk factors towards COVID-19 outbreak in Pakistan. A questionnaire was designed, and a cross-sectional survey was conducted among participants of the study area. Participants were asked the questions regarding knowledge, attitude, practices and risk factors towards COVID-19. Data were analyzed by SPSS and t/F test and correlation was applied among the knowledge, attitude, risk factors and practices. A total of 1060 questionnaires were received. 1004 were included while 56 were excluded. The highest representation was from Punjab province (65.6%), female (63%) and age group of 21-30 years (62.1%). Most participants were single (85%), Muslim (99.4%), Urdu speaking (45.6%) and were graduates (51.5%). Most of the participants were students (52.9%) and were from economically middle-class families (40.8%). The knowledge was positively correlated with attitude and practices whereas negatively correlated with risk factors (P < 0.05). The attitude was negatively correlated with risk factor and positively correlated with practices. The risk factors and practices were positively correlated with each other. Health education program to improve the COVID-19 knowledge, attitude, practices and risk factors should be initiated to combat current health challenge.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 20% of patients with cirrhosis do not receive semi-annual hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance as recommended. Few studies have evaluated the effects of patient-level factors on surveillance receipt. METHODS: We administered a telephone survey to a large cohort of patients with cirrhosis from 3 health systems (a tertiary care referral center, a safety-net health system, and Veterans Affairs) to characterize patient knowledge, attitudes, and perceived barriers of HCC surveillance. Multinomial logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with HCC surveillance receipt (semi-annual and annual vs none) during the 12-month period preceding survey administration. RESULTS: Of 2871 patients approached, 1020 (35.5%) completed the survey. Patients had high levels of concern about developing HCC and high levels of knowledge about HCC. However, patients had knowledge deficits, including believing surveillance was unnecessary when physical examination and laboratory results were normal. Nearly half of patients reported barriers to surveillance, including costs (28.9%), difficulty scheduling (24.1%), and transportation (17.8%). In the year before the survey, 745 patients (73.1%) received 1 or more surveillance examination; 281 received on-schedule, semi-annual surveillance and 464 received annual surveillance. Semi-annual HCC surveillance (vs none) was significantly associated with receipt of hepatology subspecialty care (odds ratio, 30.1; 95% CI, 17.5-51.8) and inversely associated with patient-reported barriers (odds ratio, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.41-0.94). Patterns of associations comparing annual vs no surveillance were similar although the magnitude of effects were reduced. CONCLUSIONS: Patient-reported barriers such as knowledge deficits, costs, difficulty scheduling, and transportation are significantly associated with less frequent receipt of HCC surveillance, indicating a need for patient-centered interventions, such as patient navigation.

19.
Cancer Cell Int ; 20: 331, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32699530

RESUMO

Background: Although major driver gene have been identified, the complex molecular heterogeneity of renal cell cancer (RCC) remains unclear. Therefore, more relevant genes need to be identified to explain the pathogenesis of renal cancer. Methods: Microarray datasets GSE781, GSE6344, GSE53000 and GSE68417 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by employing GEO2R tool, and function enrichment analyses were performed by using DAVID. The protein-protein interaction network (PPI) was constructed and the module analysis was performed using STRING and Cytoscape. Survival analysis was performed using GEPIA. Differential expression was verified in Oncomine. Cell experiments (cell viability assays, transwell migration and invasion assays, wound healing assay, flow cytometry) were utilized to verify the roles of the hub genes on the proliferation of kidney cancer cells (A498 and OSRC-2 cell lines). Results: A total of 215 DEGs were identified from four datasets. Six hub gene (SUCLG1, PCK2, GLDC, SLC12A1, ATP1A1, PDHA1) were identified and the overall survival time of patients with RCC were significantly shorter. The expression levels of these six genes were significantly decreased in six RCC cell lines(A498, OSRC-2, 786- O, Caki-1, ACHN, 769-P) compared to 293t cell line. The expression level of both mRNA and protein of these genes were downregulated in RCC samples compared to those in paracancerous normal tissues. Cell viability assays showed that overexpressions of SUCLG1, PCK2, GLDC significantly decreased proliferation of RCC. Transwell migration, invasion, wound healing assay showed overexpression of three genes(SUCLG1, PCK2, GLDC) significantly inhibited the migration, invasion of RCC. Flow cytometry analysis showed that overexpression of three genes(SUCLG1, PCK2, GLDC) induced G1/S/G2 phase arrest of RCC cells. Conclusion: Based on our current findings, it is concluded that SUCLG1, PCK2, GLDC may serve as a potential prognostic marker of RCC.

20.
Int J Infect Dis ; 97: 162-166, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502660

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the relevance of urine test (UT), urine culture (UC) and stone culture (SC) for postoperative infections and to investigate the optimal perioperative antibiotic treatment strategy in association with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in patients with renal calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2016 and September 2018 1,060 patients treated with PCNL were included in the study. The results of UT, UC and SC were reviewed. The details of perioperatively administered antibiotics and postoperative infections were recorded. RESULTS: A positive UT was associated with an increased incidence of infection; this was also the case in patients with negative UC (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in incidence of infection between patients who were given a single dose of antibiotics compared with those given multiple doses when UC was negative, whether UT was positive or negative (all p > 0.05). The incidence of infection was decreased when pre-operative antibiotics were administered according to the sensitivity pattern based on UC (p < 0.05). This outcome was particularly evident when the treatment duration exceeded 7 days (p < 0.05). A positive SC was associated with increased incidence of infection, even if the patient had a negative UC and UT (p < 0.05). The incidence of infection was significantly decreased when antibiotic treatment was administered based on the results of SC (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Pre-operative prophylaxis with a single-dose antibiotic was sufficient in patients with negative UC, whether UT was positive or negative. Pre-operative treatment with antibiotics according to the bacterial sensitivity pattern should be administered for ≥7 days in patients with positive UC. The postoperative antibiotic treatment strategy should be tailored according to the SC results.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Adulto , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Cálculos Renais/complicações , Cálculos Renais/microbiologia , Cálculos Renais/urina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
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