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1.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275814

RESUMO

Colloidal two-dimensional (2D) nanoplatelet heterostructures are particularly interesting as they combine strong confinement of excitons in 2D materials with a wide range of possible semiconductor junctions due to a template-free, solution-based growth. Here, we present the synthesis of a ternary 2D architecture consisting of a core of CdSe, laterally encapsulated by a type-I barrier of CdS, and finally a type-II outer layer of CdTe as so-called crown. The CdS acts as a tunneling barrier between CdSe- and CdTe-localized hole states, and through strain at the CdS/CdTe interface, it can induce a shallow electron barrier for CdTe-localized electrons as well. Consequently, next to an extended fluorescence lifetime, the barrier also yields emission from CdSe and CdTe direct transitions. The core/barrier/crown configuration further enables two-photon fluorescence upconversion and, due to a high nonlinear absorption cross section, even allows to upconvert three near-infrared photons into a single green photon. These results demonstrate the capability of 2D heterostructured nanoplatelets to combine weak and strong confinement regimes to engineer their optoelectronic properties.

2.
Nanoscale ; 11(37): 17293-17300, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512703

RESUMO

We investigate broadband two-photon absorption autocorrelators based on II-VI semiconductor nanoplatelets as an alternative to common second harmonic generation based techniques. As compared to bulk materials the exceptionally high enhancement of two-photon absorption in these 2D structures results in very efficient two-photon absorption based autocorrelation detected via PL emission. We compare the results with TPA autocorrelation in CdS bulk as well as SHG based autocorrelation in ß-barium borate. We show that CdSe nanoplatelet based autocorrelation can exceed the efficiency of conventional methods by two orders in magnitude, especially for short interaction length, and allows a precise pulse-width determination. We demonstrate that very high two-photon absorption cross sections of the nanoplatelets are the basis for this effective TPA autocorrelation. Based on our results with II-VI nanoplatelets efficient broadband autocorrelation with more than ∼100 nm bandwidth and very high sensitivity seems feasible.

3.
Nano Lett ; 18(10): 6248-6254, 2018 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30178676

RESUMO

Current colloidal synthesis methods for CdSe nanoplatelets (NPLs) routinely yield samples that emit, in discrete steps, from 460 to 550 nm. A significant challenge lies with obtaining thicker NPLs, to further widen the emission range. This is at present typically achieved via colloidal atomic layer deposition onto CdSe cores, or by synthesizing NPL core/shell structures. Here, we demonstrate a novel reaction scheme, where we start from 4.5 monolayer (ML) NPLs and increase the thickness in a two-step reaction that switches from 2D to 3D growth. The key feature is the enhancement of the growth rate of basal facets by the addition of CdCl2, resulting in a series of nearly monodisperse CdSe NPLs with thicknesses between 5.5 and 8.5 ML. Optical characterization yielded emission peaks from 554 nm up to 625 nm with a line width (fwhm) of 9-13 nm, making them one of the narrowest colloidal nanocrystal emitters currently available in this spectral range. The NPLs maintained a short emission lifetime of 5-11 ns. Finally, due to the increased red shift of the NPL band edge photoluminescence excitation spectra revealed several high-energy peaks. Calculation of the NPL band structure allowed us to identify these excited-state transitions, and spectral shifts are consistent with a significant mixing of light and split-off hole states. Clearly, chloride ions can add a new degree of freedom to the growth of 2D colloidal nanocrystals, yielding new insights into both the NPL synthesis as well as their optoelectronic properties.

4.
ACS Nano ; 12(2): 1704-1711, 2018 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29381326

RESUMO

A binary ligand system composed of aliphatic carboxylic acids and primary amines of various chain lengths is commonly employed in diverse synthesis methods for CsPbBr3 nanocrystals (NCs). In this work, we have carried out a systematic study examining how the concentration of ligands (oleylamine and oleic acid) and the resulting acidity (or basicity) affects the hot-injection synthesis of CsPbBr3 NCs. We devise a general synthesis scheme for cesium lead bromide NCs which allows control over size, size distribution, shape, and phase (CsPbBr3 or Cs4PbBr6) by combining key insights on the acid-base interactions that rule this ligand system. Furthermore, our findings shed light upon the solubility of PbBr2 in this binary ligand system, and plausible mechanisms are suggested in order to understand the ligand-mediated phase control and structural stability of CsPbBr3 NCs.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 52(80): 11975-11978, 2016 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27722289

RESUMO

The lateral dimensions of CdSe nanoplatelets have a strong and unique influence on their opto-electronic properties, with sizes that can be tuned from the weak to the strong exciton confinement regime. There are state-of-the-art reports on several nanoplatelet syntheses; however, at present only the thickness is well-controlled. We demonstrate here that we can achieve a control over the aspect ratio and overall nanoplate area by carefully adjusting the reagents that induce the in-plane growth. A variation of the fraction of hydrated Cd(OAc)2 in a Cd(OAc)2/Cd(OAc)2·2H2O mixture tailors the nanoplatelet aspect ratio. This occurs independently of the reaction time, which can be used to fine-tune the overall length and width. An interpretation is given by the in situ formation of a small amount of hydroxide anions that alter the surface energy of specific planes.

7.
Nanoscale ; 7(19): 9062-74, 2015 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25921601

RESUMO

Artificial enzyme mimetics have attracted immense interest recently because natural enzymes undergo easy denaturation under environmental conditions restricting practical usefulness. We report for the first time chalcopyrite CuZnFeS (CZIS) alloyed nanocrystals (NCs) as novel biomimetic catalysts with efficient intrinsic peroxidase-like activity. Novel peroxidase activities of CZIS NCs have been evaluated by catalytic oxidation of the peroxidase substrate 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). CZIS NCs demonstrate the synergistic effect of elemental composition and photoactivity towards peroxidase-like activity. The quaternary CZIS NCs show enhanced intrinsic peroxidase-like activity compared to the binary NCs with the same constituent elements. Intrinsic peroxidase-like activity has been correlated with the energy band position of CZIS NCs extracted using scanning tunneling spectroscopy and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy. Kinetic analyses indicate Michaelis-Menten enzyme kinetic model catalytic behavior describing the rate of the enzymatic reaction by correlating the reaction rate with substrate concentration. Typical color reactions arising from the catalytic oxidation of TMB over CZIS NCs with H2O2 have been utilized to establish a simple and sensitive colorimetric assay for detection of H2O2 and glucose. CZIS NCs are recyclable catalysts showing high efficiency in multiple uses. Our study may open up the possibility of designing new photoactive multi-component alloyed NCs as enzyme mimetics in biotechnology applications.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Cobre/química , Glucose/análise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Nanopartículas/química , Benzidinas/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/metabolismo , Catálise , Colorimetria , Cinética , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Oxirredução , Peroxidase/química , Peroxidase/metabolismo
8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 54(9): 2643-8, 2015 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25598442

RESUMO

Semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) possess high photoluminescence (PL) typically in the solution phase. In contrary, PL rapidly quenches in the solid state. Efficient solid state luminescence can be achieved by inducing a large Stokes shift. Here we report on a novel synthesis of compositionally controlled CuCdS NCs in air avoiding the usual complexity of using inert atmosphere. These NCs show long-range color tunability over the entire visible range with a remarkable Stokes shift up to about 1.25 eV. Overcoating the NCs leads to a high solid-state PL quantum yield (QY) of ca. 55% measured by using an integrating sphere. Unique charge carrier recombination mechanisms have been recognized from the NCs, which are correlated to the internal NC structure probed by using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. EXAFS measurements show a Cu-rich surface and Cd-rich interior with 46% Cu(I) being randomly distributed within 84% of the NC volume creating additional transition states for PL. Color-tunable solid-state luminescence remains stable in air enabling fabrication of light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

9.
Small ; 11(15): 1829-39, 2015 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25504671

RESUMO

Quaternary alloyed nanocrystals (NCs) composed of earth abundant, environment friendly elements are of interest for energy-harvesting applications. These complex NCs are useful as catalysts for the degradation of multiple refractory organic pollutants as well as nitro-organic reduction at a rapid rate. Here, a remarkably fast (∼30 s) and facile synthesis of crystalline quaternary chalcopyrite copper-zinc-iron-sulfide (CZIS) NCs is reported. These NCs show excellent catalytic properties by degrading a number of refractory organic dyes and converting nitro-compounds at a rapid rate. The valence and conduction band information of the newly designed NCs are extracted using scanning tunneling spectroscopy and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, which reveal energy levels suitable for performing redox chemistry by generating reactive radicals establishing NCs as efficient catalyst with multiple uses. Rapid synthesis of high quality phase-controlled CZIS NCs with robust catalytic activities could be useful for organic waste treatment.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 6(17): 15597-603, 2014 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25136819

RESUMO

We demonstrate ultrarapid interfacial formation of one-dimensional (1D) single-crystalline fullerene C60 nanorods at room temperature in 5 s. The nanorods of ∼ 11 µm in length and ∼ 215 nm in diameter are developed in a hexagonal close-pack crystal structure, contrary to the cubic crystal structure of pristine C60. Vibrational and electronic spectroscopy provide strong evidence that the nanorods are a van der Waals solid, as evidenced from the preservation of the electronic structure of the C60 molecules within the rods. Steady state optical spectroscopy reveals a dominance of charge transfer excitonic transitions in the nanorods. A significant enhancement of photogenerated charge carriers is observed in the nanorods in comparison to pristine C60, revealing the effect of shape on the photovoltaic properties. Due to their ultrarapid, large-scale, room-temperature synthesis with single-crystalline structure and excellent optoelectronic properties, the nanorods are expected to be promising for photosensitive devices applications.

11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 16(11): 5276-83, 2014 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24496476

RESUMO

Enzymatic regulation is a fast and reliable diagnosis tool via identification and design of inhibitors for modulation of enzyme function. Previous reports on quantum dots (QDs)-enzyme interactions reveal a protein-surface recognition ability leading to promising applications in protein stabilization, protein delivery, bio-sensing and detection. However, the direct use of QDs to control enzyme inhibition has never been revealed to date. Here we show that a series of biocompatible surface-functionalized metal-chalcogenide QDs can be used as potent inhibitors for malignant cells through the modulation of enzyme activity, while normal cells remain unaffected. The in vitro activity of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), an enzyme involved critically in the glycolysis of cancer cells, is inactivated selectively in a controlled way by the QDs at a significantly low concentration (nM). Cumulative kinetic studies delineate that the QDs undergo both reversible and irreversible inhibition mechanisms owing to the site-specific interactions, enabling control over the inhibition kinetics. These complementary loss-of-function probes may offer a novel route for rapid clinical diagnosis of malignant cells and biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Gliceraldeído-3-Fosfato Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Pontos Quânticos , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Glicólise , Xenoenxertos , Camundongos , Sarcoma/patologia
12.
Langmuir ; 29(49): 15231-9, 2013 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24295322

RESUMO

Cellulose and cellulose derivatives have long been used as membrane fabrication. Langmuir monolayer behavior, which naturally mimics membranes, of acetoxypropyl cellulose (APC) and lead sulfide (PbS) nanowire mixtures at different volume ratios is reported. Surface pressure (π)-area (A) isotherms of APC and PbS nanowires mixtures at different volume ratios show a gradual decrease in the monolayer area with increasing volume fraction of PbS nanowires. Change of surface potential with monolayer area at different volume ratios also reveals a gradual increase in the surface potential indicating incorporation of PbS nanowires within APC matrix. The compressibility and elastic constants measurements reveal an enhancement of the elasticity upon incorporation of PbS nanowires up to certain volume fractions. An enhancement in stability of the blend is observed upon PbS nanowire incorporation to the APC matrix. Rheological measurements also support the robustness of the mixture of APC and PbS nanowires in 3D bulk phase. Such robust ultrathin films of cellulose based-nanowire blend obtained by means of the Langmuir technique may lead to novel routes for designing cellulosic-based thin films and membranes.


Assuntos
Celulose/química , Nanofios/química , Propriedades de Superfície
13.
Sci Rep ; 3: 2612, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24018991

RESUMO

Self-assembled, one-dimensional (1D) nanomaterials are amenable building blocks for bottom-up nanofabrication processes. A current shortcoming in the self-assembly of 1D nanomaterials in solution phase is the need for specific linkers or templates under very precise conditions to achieve a handful of systems. Here we report on the origin of a novel self-assembly of 1D dumbbells consisting of Au tipped PbS nanorods into stable chains in solution without any linkers or templates. A realistic multi-particle model suggests that the mesophase comprises 1D dumbbells arrayed in chains formed by anisotropic van der Waals type interactions. We demonstrate an alternative recognition mechanism for directing the assembly of the 1D dumbbells, based on effective interaction between the neighboring dumbbells consisting of Au tips with complementary crystallographic facets that guides the entire assembly in space.

14.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 11(9): 7709-14, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22097477

RESUMO

We report on the synthesis of CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots (QDs) of different radii (R). Size dependent optical properties like increase in the confinement energy with decreasing radius for different excitonic transitions are studied. Different excitonic transitions are calculated from the second derivative of UV-vis absorption spectra of as synthesized CdSe QDs. The transitions are assigned to specific states by calculating the transition energies using effective mass approximation. A close matching of the transition energies with the experiment suggesting that the second derivative of the absorption spectra could provide a direct knowledge of the electronic transition for the direct band gap semiconductor quantum dots.

15.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 11(9): 7729-34, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22097480

RESUMO

Ultrasmall ZnS or PbS nanorods encapsulated in fluid-like soft organic surfactants show excellent miscibility in the nematic liquid crystal (LC ZLI-4792) host resulting in a novel soft matter type blend with enhanced electro-optic properties. The ultranarrow ZnS rods are of wurtzite phase and possess a chemical bipolarity and a net dipole moment. The centrosymmetric ultranarrow PbS rods possess a finite size and shape dependent inherent dipole moment despite their cubic rock-salt structure. When an electric field is applied, the blend aligns along the direction of the field producing a local unidirectional orientation of the rods and LC directors, and defining a unique axis for the system. The local ordering significantly affects the global ordering of the blend allowing a more rapid response of the electro-optic properties. The degree and switching speed of the blends depend upon the magnitude of dipole moments present in the dopant nanorods. We show how a non-mesogenic element designed with preferential crystallographic phase can be introduced within a LC for improvement of the switching properties of the LC blend. These types of unique blends are a model for fundamental conceptual advances in general understanding of interaction behaviour leading consequently to a significant technological advancement for superior device fabrication.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 47(29): 8421-3, 2011 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21706117

RESUMO

Au tipped ultranarrow PbS nanorods are synthesized. DFT electronic structure calculations and transport studies show that Au probes modify the nature and energies of PbS nanorod orbitals creating efficient electron conduction channels for enhanced conductance even at low applied bias.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 47(24): 6825-7, 2011 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21589968

RESUMO

Unidirectionally aligned photoconductive donor-acceptor heterojunction molecular wires spanning over fifty square microns are fabricated using the Langmuir-Blodgett technique.

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