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1.
Recent Pat Biotechnol ; 8(1): 102-7, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22642822

RESUMO

Artemisinin, a potent antimalarial natural products isolated from aerial parts of Artemisia annua L. Many patents have been reported that the demand for artemisinin is exponentially increasing year after year due to increased incidences of drug resistant malaria throughout the world. Leaf explants were used frequently as target tissue to generate transgenic of Artemisia. annua L. However, obtaining a large number of transgenic lines through out the year is a laborious and delicate process. To circumvent this, we have developed a highly efficient leaf explant based Agrobacterium mediated transformation of A. annua L. plant. The gus gene was used as screenable marker to assess and optimize the performance of T-DNA delivery. The age of explant, kind of bacterial inoculation, suspension duration, infection times and co-culture conditions were optimized. The co-culture was carried out with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain EHA105 under desiccation condition in the dark at 25-28 0C for 2-4 days. Complete analysis of transgene insertion demonstrated that the optimized method of transformation from leaf explants of A. annua L. was efficient and highly reproducible.


Assuntos
Agrobacterium/metabolismo , Artemisia annua/metabolismo , Agrobacterium/genética , Artemisia annua/citologia , Técnicas de Cocultura , Glucuronidase/genética , Glucuronidase/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/citologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Brotos de Planta/citologia , Plasmídeos/genética , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Transformação Genética
2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 92(11): 2310-5, 2012 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22351513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oil content and fatty acid composition of the mature seeds of Acacia species collected from natural habitat of the northwest zone of the Indian subcontinent (Rajasthan) were analyzed in order to determine their potential for human or animal consumption. RESULTS: Oil content varied between 40 and 102 g kg⁻¹. The highest oil content was obtained in Acacia bivenosa DC. (102 g kg⁻¹) among the nine Acacia species. The fatty acid composition showed higher levels of unsaturated fatty acids, especially linoleic acid (~757.7 g kg⁻¹ in A. bivenosa), oleic acid (~525.0 g kg⁻¹ in A. nubica) and dominant saturated fatty acids were found to be 192.5 g kg⁻¹ palmitic acid and 275.6 g kg⁻¹ stearic acid in A. leucophloea and A. nubica respectively. Seed oils of Acacia species can thus be classified in the linoleic-oleic acid group. Significant variations were observed in oil content and fatty acid composition of Acacia species. CONCLUSION: The present study revealed that the seed oil of Acacia species could be a new source of high linoleic-oleic acid-rich edible oil and its full potential should be exploited. The use of oil from Acacia seed is of potential economic benefit to the poor native population of the areas where it is cultivated. The fatty acid composition of Acacia seed oils is very similar to that reported for commercially available edible vegetable oils like soybean, mustard, sunflower, groundnut and olive. Hence the seed oil of Acacia species could be a new source of edible vegetable oil after toxicological studies.


Assuntos
Acacia/química , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Óleos Vegetais/química , Sementes/química , Acacia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gorduras na Dieta/análise , Gorduras na Dieta/economia , Gorduras na Dieta/isolamento & purificação , Gorduras na Dieta/provisão & distribução , Ionização de Chama , Índia , Ácido Linoleico/análise , Ácido Oleico/análise , Óleos Vegetais/economia , Óleos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Óleos Vegetais/provisão & distribução , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Especificidade da Espécie
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