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Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10088, 2022 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710771


Reuse of wastewater for vegetable cultivation is becoming popular in order to augment the inadequate irrigation supplies and meet the growing demands of ground water for agriculture and industries production in different regions of the world. This study was investigated to optimize different stages of textile dyeing wastewater (TDW) for irrigation focusing on their effect on growth, yield and physiochemical attributes of tomato, plant nutrient use, heavy metals enrichment and pollution load of the irrigated soil. Textile wastewater were collected from the seven stages of (second wash after scouring and bleaching T2; enzyme treated water T3; second wash after bath drain T4; neutralization treatment T5; second wash after soaping T6; fixing treatment water T7; mixed effluent T8) of a dyeing process for physiochemical characterization and evaluation their irrigation feasibility for tomato cultivation in compare with the ground water (T1). The pot experiment consists of eight irrigation treatments was laid out following a completely randomized block design with three replications. Results showed the presence of plant nutrients and heavy metals in all the studied samples where T8 (mixed effluent) exceeded the limit of agricultural standard for almost all physiological parameters such as TDS, TSS, EC, BOD, COD affording the highest value. T8 also delivered the highest Cl- and heavy metals like Cd, Ni, Cr followed by T4 < T7. As a consequence, these provided comparatively higher enrichment factor (EF), pollution load index (PLI) and sodium absorption ratio (SAR) to transform fresh soil into the category of severe and slightly to moderate saline. Therefore, the yield and physiochemical attributes of tomato were dramatically reduced with T8 and T4 treatment. On the other hand, T2, T3 and T6 treatment had significant positive impact on growth and yield of tomato due to having higher N, P, K, S and lower heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Fe, Pb, Cd, Ni, Cr) than the recommended guideline. These features were contributed to cause minimum EF and PLI in the soil irrigated with T2, T3 and T6 stages of TDW. Correlation matrix demonstrated that EF and PLI of heavy metals (except Cd, Ni) were negatively related to yield, while positively related to SAR and fruit abortion. Although T6 (2nd wash after soaping) performed better in respect to growth, yield, yield attributes and nutrient use efficiency, principal component analysis revealed that T2 (2nd wash after scouring and bleaching) and T3 (enzyme treated water) were also belong to the same group of T6 and T1 (ground water). Thus, it may be suggested that T2, T3 and T6 stages of textile dyeing wastewater could be used profitably without ETP for vegetable cultivation and would effectively supplement not only the nutrient requirement of the crop but may also act as the alternate source of irrigation water. Although, further research is needed to sort out the health risk assessment through the heavy metals' accumulation in the plant parts after irrigation with different stages of textile dyeing wastewater.

Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Irrigação Agrícola , Cádmio/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Nutrientes/análise , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Têxteis , Água/análise
Chemosphere ; 272: 129653, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486455


The contamination of groundwater by arsenic (As) in Bangladesh is the biggest impairing of a population, with a large number of peoples affected. Specifically, groundwater of Gangetic Delta is alarmingly contaminated with arsenic. Similar, perilous circumstances exist in many other countries and consequently, there is a dire need to develop cost-effective decentralized filtration unit utilizing low-cost adsorbents for eliminating arsenic from water. Morphological synthesis of carbon with unique spherical, nanorod, and massive nanostructures were achieved by solvothermal method. Owing to their intrinsic adsorption properties and different nanostructures, these nanostructures were employed as adsorption of arsenic in aqueous solution, with the purpose to better understanding the morphological effect in adsorption. It clearly demonstrated that carbon with nanorods morphology exhibited an excellent adsorption activity of arsenite (about 82%) at pH 3, remarkably superior to the two with solid sphere and massive microstructures, because of its larger specific surface area, enhanced acid strength and improved adsorption capacity. Furthermore, we discovered that iron hydroxide radicals and energy-induced contact point formation in nanorods are the responsible for the high adsorption of As in aqueous solution. Thus, our work provides insides into the microstructure-dependent capability of different carbon for As adsorption applications.

Arsênio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Arsênio/análise , Bangladesh , Carbono , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
RSC Adv ; 11(37): 23010-23022, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35480458


This study presents the mechanical performance enhancements of jute fibre composites, manufactured from two newly developed novel jute fibre unidirectional (UD) preforms, namely, stitching-based and sizing-based examples. To increase the use of jute fibres, which are naturally abundant and inexpensive, and to provide research into the use of mechanically advantageous continuous unidirectional (UD) preforms in composites (which are still limited in use), this study employed polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) sizing and stitching techniques, thus increasing the abilities of jute fibres to withstand higher loads and enabling them to be used for lightweight structural applications. Alkali treatment was used on jute fibres in stitched and sized preforms, and bamboo slices were introduced to the jute preforms to further optimize the mechanical properties. The jute composites exhibited significant mechanical property enhancements, with maximum improvement observed in the case of the PVA-sized alkali-treated specimen, thanks to the excellent compatibility between the sized and alkali-treated jute fibres.

J Environ Manage ; 300: 113782, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560463


In this study, naturally abundant and inexpensive bamboo was used to make cheaper activated charcoal for efficient encapsulation of toxic copper (Cu(II)) ion from wastewater. The functionalized bamboo charcoal-Layered double hydroxides (BC-LDHs) composite bio-adsorbent was prepared using co-precipitation method. The composite bio-adsorbent was exploited to eliminate Cu(II) ion with high sensitivity and selectivity from contaminated water. The adsorption parameters including the effect of pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, and effect of initial concentration were optimized in systematic way and the adsorption kinetics and isotherms were investigated for potential use in real sample treatment. The physicochemical properties and morphological structure of the adsorbent were examined using X-ray Diffraction, Scanning Electronic Microscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Thermogravimetric Analysis to understand the Cu(II) ion adsorption mechanism. The adsorption results revealed that the BC-LDH could remove almost 100% of Cu(II) ion from aqueous solution at pH range between 3.0 and 6.0 within 30 min. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity was determined to be 85.47 mg/g based on the Langmuir isotherm. The adsorption equilibrium data were well-fitted by the Langmuir isotherm model (R2 = 0.998) and the experimental kinetic data were supported by the pseudo-second order model (R2 = 0.999). The BC-LDH could be reused without losing its adsorption performance in several cycles after successful regeneration with 0.10 M HCl. The Cu(II) ion removal mechanism was postulated with intercalated ion exchange, surface precipitation and interaction between BC-LDH and surface functionalities. Therefore, the highly functional BC-LDH composite could be a promising adsorbent for efficient Cu(II) ion removal from wastewater.

Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Cobre , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidróxidos , Cinética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
Chemosphere ; 262: 127801, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791366


In this study, cost-effective cellulosic biomass based activated wood charcoal was developed from Japanese Sugi tree (Cryptomeria japonica) by concentrated nitric acid modification for adsorption of Cs from contaminated water. The physicochemical properties of specimens were investigated using N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms (BET method), FESEM, FTIR, and XPS spectra analysis. The experimental results revealed that the surface area of the raw wood charcoal was significantly decreased after boiling nitric acid modification. However, several oxygen-containing acidic function groups (-COOH, -CO) were introduced on the surface. The adsorption study confirmed that the equilibrium contact time was 1 h, the optimum adsorption pH was neutral to alkaline and the suitable adsorbent dose was 1:100 (solid: liquid). The maximum Cs was removed when the concentration of Na and K were lower (5.0 mM) with Cs in solution. The Cs adsorption processes well approved by the Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic models and the maximum adsorption capacity was 35.46 mgg-1. The Cs adsorption mechanism was clearly described and it was assumed that the adsorption was strongly followed by chemisorptions mechanism based on the adsorbent surface properties, kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm model. Most importantly, about 98% of volume reduction was obtained by burning (500 °C) the Cs adsorbed charcoal, which ensured safe storage and disposal of radioactive waste. Therefore, this study can offer a guideline to produce a functional adsorbent for effective Cs removal and safe radioactive waste disposal.

Césio/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Madeira/química , Adsorção , Biomassa , Carvão Vegetal/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Ácido Nítrico , Propriedades de Superfície , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluição da Água/análise
J Environ Manage ; 222: 304-315, 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29864743


This study investigates the effective removal of cesium (Cs) from aqueous solution using sewage sludge molten (SSM) slag that has undergone the surface modification with alkali (NaOH) hydrothermal treatment. The raw and modified slags were characterised systematically using the BET method, the FESEM, the XRF, the XRD spectroscopy and the CEC analysis to understand the physicochemical changes of the materials, and its sensitivity to Cs ions adsorption. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of adsorbent dose, contact time, solution pH, different initial Cs concentrations, temperature and the effect of competitive ions on Cs adsorption. The adsorption isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic studies were also evaluated based on the experimental results. A higher Cs removal efficiency of almost 100% (for 20-100 mg/L of initial concentration) was achieved by the modified SSM slag, and the maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 52.36 mg/g. Several types of synthetic zeolites such as zeolite X, zeolite Y, zeolite A, and sodalite were formed on surface of the modified slag through the modification process which might be enhanced the Cs adsorption capacity. Kinetic parameters were fitted by the pseudo-second order model. The adsorption isotherms data of modified slag were well-fitted to the Langmuir (R2 = 0.989) and Freundlich isotherms (R2 = 0.988). The thermodynamic studies indicated that the adsorption process by the modified slag was spontaneous and exothermic. In the competitive ions effect, the modified slag effectively captured the Cs ion in the presence of Na+ and K+, especially at their lower concentrations. Moreover, the modified slag was reused for several cycles after the successful elution process with an appropriate eluting agent (0.5 M H2SO4), without deterioration of its original performance. Therefore, the SSM modified slag could be effectively used as a low-cost potential adsorbent for high Cs adsorption from wastewater.

Césio/isolamento & purificação , Esgotos , Adsorção , Césio/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Soluções , Termodinâmica , Zeolitas