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1.
Dalton Trans ; 40(4): 959-65, 2011 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21152554

RESUMO

The Bingel reaction of the C(s) isomer of C(70)(CF(3))(8) has been found to yield two C(70)(CF(3))(8)[C(CO(2)Et)(2)] monoadducts and one C(70)(CF(3))(8)[C(CO(2)Et)(2)](2) bisadduct as its major products. Malonate addition occurs at those [6,6]-bonds that radiate from the polar pentagons of the C(70)(CF(3))(8) cage. Unexpectedly, X-ray single crystal analysis reveals dimerization of the above substances during crystallization, providing two isomers of {C(70)(CF(3))(8)[C(CO(2)Et)(2)]}(2), one isomer of {C(70)(CF(3))(8)[C(CO(2)Et)(2)](2)}(2) and {C(70)(CF(3))(8)}(2). This dimerization represents [2+2]-cycloaddition via [5,6]-bonds and results in functionalization patterns resembling several known C(70)X(10) derivatives.

2.
Dalton Trans ; (48): 6886-93, 2008 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19050774

RESUMO

Electrochemical behavior of C(60)(CF(2))(n), n = 1, 2 and C(60)(CCl(2)) has been investigated. [6,6]-Opened C(60)(CF(2)) and cis-2-C(60)(CF(2))(2) exhibit reversible reductions at potentials 150 and 145 mV more positive than C(60), unlike the related [6,6]-closed C(60)(CCl(2)), which shows reduction at the potential close to that for C(60). The structures, electron localization and lifetimes of the observed radical anions C(60)(CF(2))(-*) and cis-2-C(60)(CF(2))(2)(-*) have been elucidated by the ESR study and DFT calculations. The protonation pathway of decay of C(60)(CF(2))(-*) yields [6,6]-opened 1,9-dihydro-(1a,1a-difluoro-1aH-1(9)a-homo(C(60)-I(h))fullerene, C(60)(CF(2))H(2), which becomes the first characterized derivative of [6,6]-opened C(60)(CF(2)). DFT calculations of the structure and electron affinity of a number of homofullerene structures have been carried out to rationalize the experimental findings.


Assuntos
Fulerenos/química , Teoria Quântica , Eletroquímica , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Oxirredução , Prótons , Estereoisomerismo
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; (7): 704-6, 2007 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17392956

RESUMO

X-ray diffraction study of the substance originally believed to be C(60)F(16) reveals a double-caged structure, (C(60)F(16))(C(60)); MALDI mass spectra, 19F NMR spectral data and reasons for stability are discussed.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; (4): 374-6, 2007 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17220975

RESUMO

Refluxing of the o-DCB solution of C60 with CF2ClCOONa and 18-crown-6 leads to formation of C60(CF2)n (n = 1-3); the monoadduct C60(CF2) has been found to consist of the main [6,6]- and minor [5,6]-isomers, both having an open structure.

5.
Dalton Trans ; (45): 5322-8, 2007 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18271489

RESUMO

Difluoromethylenation of C60 with thermally decomposed CF2ClCO2Na provides novel C60(CF2) and C60(CF2)2 compounds with unique [6,6]-open structures. A theoretical survey of CF2 derivatives of C60 demonstrates that carbon cage opening can be controlled via charging of the molecule and that the thermodynamically preferable structures combine the trend to form open isomers with the compactness of the addition motifs, which results in the formation of windows in the fullerene cage.

6.
Chemistry ; 12(14): 3876-89, 2006 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16550623

RESUMO

Reaction of C70 with ten equivalents of silver(I) trifluoroacetate at 320-340 degrees C followed by fractional sublimation at 420-540 degrees C and HPLC processing led to the isolation of a single abundant isomer of C70(CF3)n for n = 2, 4, 6, and 10, and two abundant isomers of C70(CF3)8. These six compounds were characterized by using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry, 2D-COSY and/or 1D 19F NMR spectroscopy, and quantum-chemical calculations at the density functional theory (DFT) level. Some were also characterized by Raman spectroscopy. The addition patterns for the isolated compounds were unambiguously found to be C1-7,24-C70(CF3)2, C1-7,24,44,47-C70(CF3)4, C2-1,4,11,19,31,41-C70(CF3)6, Cs-1,4,11,19,31,41,51,64-C70(CF3)8, C2-1,4,11,19,31,41,51,60-C70(CF3)8, and C1-1,4,10,19,25,41,49,60,66,69-C70(CF3)10 (IUPAC numbering). Except for the last compound, which is identical to the recently reported, crystallographically characterized C70(CF3)10 derivative prepared by a different synthetic route, these compounds have not previously been shown to have the indicated addition patterns. The largest relative yield under an optimized set of reaction conditions was for the Cs isomer of C70(CF3)8 (ca. 30 mol % of the sublimed mixture of products based on HPLC integration). The results demonstrate that thermally stable C70(CF3)n isomers tend to have their CF3 groups arranged on isolated para-C6(CF3)2 hexagons and/or on a ribbon of edge-sharing meta- and/or para-C6(CF3)2 hexagons. For Cs- and C2-C70(CF3)8 and for C2-C70(CF3)6, the ribbons straddle the C70 equatorial belt; for C1-C70(CF3)4, the para-meta-para ribbon includes three polar hexagons; for C1-7,24-C70(CF3)2, the para-C6(CF3)2 hexagon includes one of the carbon atoms on a C70 polar pentagon. The 10.3-16.2 Hz 7JF,F NMR coupling constants for the end-of-ribbon CF3 groups, which are always para to their nearest-neighbor CF3 group, are consistent with through-space Fermi-contact interactions between the fluorine atoms of proximate, rapidly rotating CF3 groups.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 127(32): 11497-504, 2005 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16089480

RESUMO

Milligram amounts of the new compounds 1,9- and 1,7-C60F(CF3) (ca. 85:15 mixture of isomers) and C60F3(CF3) were isolated from a high-temperature C60/K2PtF6 reaction mixture and purified to 98 mol % compositional purity by two-dimensional high-performance liquid chromatography using Buckyprep and Buckyclutcher columns. The previously observed compounds C60F5(CF3) and C60F7(CF3) were also purified to 90+ mol % for the first time. Variable-temperature 19F NMR spectra of the mixture of C60F(CF3) isomers and the previously reported mixture of C(s)- and C1-C60F17(CF3) isomers demonstrate for the first time that fullerene(F)n(CF3)m derivatives with adjacent F and CF3 substituents exhibit slow-exchange limit hindered CF3 rotation spectra at -40 +/- 10 degrees C. The experimental and density functional theory (DFT) predicted deltaH++ values for CF3 rotation in 1,9-C60F(CF3) are 46.8(7) and 46 kJ mol(-1), respectively. The DFT-predicted deltaH++ values for 1,7-C60F(CF3), C(s)-C60F17(CF3), and C1-C60F17(CF3) are 20, 44, and 54 kJ mol(-1), respectively. The (> or = 4)J(FF) values from the slow-exchange-limit 19F spectra, which vary from ca. 0 to 48(1) Hz, show that the dominant nuclear spin-spin coupling mechanism is through-space coupling (i.e., direct overlap of fluorine atom lone-pair orbitals) rather than coupling through the sigma-bond framework. The 2J(FF) values within the CF3 groups vary from 107(1) to 126(1) Hz. Collectively, the NMR data provide an unambiguous set of (> or = 4)J(FF) values for three different compounds that can be correlated with DFT-predicted or X-ray diffraction derived distances and angles and an unambiguous set of 2J(FF) values that can serve as an internal standard for all future J(FF) calculations.

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