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1.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255478

RESUMO

Because of their unique atomic structure, 2D materials are able to create an up-to-date paradigm in fundamental science and technology on the way to engineering the band structure and electronic properties of materials on the nanoscale. One of the simplest methods along this path is the superposition of several 2D nanomaterials while simultaneously specifying the twist angle between adjacent layers (θ), which leads to the emergence of Moiré superlattices. The key challenge in 2D nanoelectronics is to obtain a nanomaterial with numerous Moiré superlattices in addition to a high carrier mobility in a stable and easy-to-fabricate material. Here, we demonstrate the possibility of synthesizing twisted multilayer graphene (tMLG) with a number of monolayers NL = 40-250 and predefined narrow ranges of θ = 3-8°, θ = 11-15°, and θ = 26-30°. A 2D nature of the electron transport is observed in the tMLG, and its carrier mobilities are close to those of twisted bilayer graphene (tBLG) (with θ = 30°) between h-BN layers. We demonstrate an undoubtful presence of numerous Moiré superlattices simultaneously throughout the entire tMLG thickness, while the periods of these superlattices are rather close to each other. This offers a challenge of producing a next generation of devices for nanoelectronics, twistronics, and neuromorphic computing for large data applications.

2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(5)2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067894

RESUMO

The alkaline activation of a carbonized graphene oxide/dextrin mixture yielded a carbon-based nanoscale material (AC-TR) with a unique highly porous structure. The BET-estimated specific surface area of the material is 3167 m2/g, which is higher than the specific surface area of a graphene layer. The material has a density of 0.34 g/cm3 and electrical resistivity of 0.25 Ω·cm and its properties were studied using the elemental analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron diffraction (ED), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray induced Auger electron spectroscopy (XAES), and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) in the plasmon excitation range. From these data, we derive an integral understanding of the structure of this material. The concentration of sp3 carbon atoms was found to be relatively low with an absolute value that depends on the measurement method. It was shown that there is no graphite-like (002) peak in the electron and X-ray diffraction pattern. The characteristic size of a sp2-domain in the basal plane estimated from the Raman spectra was 7 nm. It was also found that plasmon peaks in the EELS spectrum of AC-TR are downshifted compared to those of graphite.

3.
ACS Omega ; 5(18): 10441-10450, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32426601

RESUMO

We present the fabrication and investigation of the properties of nanocomposite structures consisting of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) metallic nano-objects self-organized on the surface and inside of organic molecular thin-film copper tetrafluorophthalocyanine (CuPcF4). Metallic atoms, deposited under ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) conditions onto the organic ultrathin film, diffuse along the surface and self-assemble into a system of 2D metallic overlayers. At the same time, the majority of the metal atoms diffuse into the organic matrix and self-organize into 3D nanoparticles (NPs) in a well-defined manner. The evolution of the morphology and electronic properties of such structures as a function of nominal metal content is studied under UHV conditions using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) techniques. Using HR-TEM, we have observed the periodicity of atomic planes of individual silver NPs. The steady formation of agglomerates from individual single nanocrystallites with intercrystallite boundaries is observed as well. PES reveals generally weak chemical interactions between silver and the organic matrix and n-doping of CuPcF4 at the initial stages of silver deposition, which is associated with charge transfer from the 2D wetting layer on the basis of core-level spectra shift analysis.

4.
J Phys Chem A ; 119(11): 2490-501, 2015 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25375969

RESUMO

Thin (D < 10 nm) nanowires are in principle promising for their application as catalysts and as elements of nanocomputers and quantum devices. To perform these tasks, their structure and properties must be stable at least at standard conditions. Using our technique based on the capture of small particles to the core of quantized vortices in superfluid helium, we synthesized nanowires made of various metals and alloys and investigated their thermal stability. The indium nanowires (D = 8 nm) were shown to be stable when heated to 100 °C, i.e., almost to the melting point, whereas the silver nanowires (D = 5 nm) disintegrated into traces of individual nanoclusters at 300 K. The gold and platinum nanowires also decomposed at temperatures more than twice as low as the melting point. A model is proposed to explain the premature decay of thin nanowires by unfreezing of the surface-atom mobility in combination with the anomalous dependence of the surface tension on the nanowire radius. Methods for improving the stability limits of thin nanowires by saturation of their surface with immobilized atoms as well as by surface oxidation have been proposed and experimentally tested.

5.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 5(7): 1072-6, 2014 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26274451

RESUMO

Webs consisting of nanowires made of gold, platinum and mercury were produced by the technique based on laser ablation of metals inside superfluid helium. Their morphology and structure as well as their electrical conductivity have been studied. Diameters of gold and platinum nanowires are 4.5 and 3 nm, respectively. Fortunately, they are close to diameters of nanospheres made of these metals, which, as known from the literature, possess anomalous catalytic activity. Web resistivities for all metals up to room temperature are controlled by conductive electron scattering on a wire surface, thus they are almost independent of T. Nanowires in the webs are electrically interconnected, and therefore the web can be used as a catalyst without any support. Possible advantages of this type of nanocatalyst are outlined.

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