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1.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(33): 16463-16472, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346092

RESUMO

Heterozygous in-frame mutations in coding regions of human STAT3 underlie the only known autosomal dominant form of hyper IgE syndrome (AD HIES). About 5% of familial cases remain unexplained. The mutant proteins are loss-of-function and dominant-negative when tested following overproduction in recipient cells. However, the production of mutant proteins has not been detected and quantified in the cells of heterozygous patients. We report a deep intronic heterozygous STAT3 mutation, c.1282-89C>T, in 7 relatives with AD HIES. This mutation creates a new exon in the STAT3 complementary DNA, which, when overexpressed, generates a mutant STAT3 protein (D427ins17) that is loss-of-function and dominant-negative in terms of tyrosine phosphorylation, DNA binding, and transcriptional activity. In immortalized B cells from these patients, the D427ins17 protein was 2 kDa larger and 4-fold less abundant than wild-type STAT3, on mass spectrometry. The patients' primary B and T lymphocytes responded poorly to STAT3-dependent cytokines. These findings are reminiscent of the impaired responses of leukocytes from other patients with AD HIES due to typical STAT3 coding mutations, providing further evidence for the dominance of the mutant intronic allele. These findings highlight the importance of sequencing STAT3 introns in patients with HIES without candidate variants in coding regions and essential splice sites. They also show that AD HIES-causing STAT3 mutant alleles can be dominant-negative even if the encoded protein is produced in significantly smaller amounts than wild-type STAT3.

2.
Blood ; 132(22): 2362-2374, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30254128

RESUMO

ARPC1B is a key factor for the assembly and maintenance of the ARP2/3 complex that is involved in actin branching from an existing filament. Germline biallelic mutations in ARPC1B have been recently described in 6 patients with clinical features of combined immunodeficiency (CID), whose neutrophils and platelets but not T lymphocytes were studied. We hypothesized that ARPC1B deficiency may also lead to cytoskeleton and functional defects in T cells. We have identified biallelic mutations in ARPC1B in 6 unrelated patients with early onset disease characterized by severe infections, autoimmune manifestations, and thrombocytopenia. Immunological features included T-cell lymphopenia, low numbers of naïve T cells, and hyper-immunoglobulin E. Alteration in ARPC1B protein structure led to absent/low expression by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. This molecular defect was associated with the inability of patient-derived T cells to extend an actin-rich lamellipodia upon T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation and to assemble an immunological synapse. ARPC1B-deficient T cells additionally displayed impaired TCR-mediated proliferation and SDF1-α-directed migration. Gene transfer of ARPC1B in patients' T cells using a lentiviral vector restored both ARPC1B expression and T-cell proliferation in vitro. In 2 of the patients, in vivo somatic reversion restored ARPC1B expression in a fraction of lymphocytes and was associated with a skewed TCR repertoire. In 1 revertant patient, memory CD8+ T cells expressing normal levels of ARPC1B displayed improved T-cell migration. Inherited ARPC1B deficiency therefore alters T-cell cytoskeletal dynamics and functions, contributing to the clinical features of CID.

3.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 73(Pt 8): 641-649, 2017 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28777079

RESUMO

The Arenaviridae family is one of the two RNA viral families that encode a 3'-5' exonuclease in their genome. An exonuclease domain is found in the Arenaviridae nucleoprotein and targets dsRNA specifically. This domain is directly involved in suppression of innate immunity in the host cell. Like most phosphate-processing enzymes, it requires a divalent metal ion such as Mg2+ (or Mn2+) as a cofactor to catalyse nucleotide-cleavage and nucleotide-transfer reactions. On the other hand, calcium (Ca2+) inhibits this enzymatic activity, in spite of the fact that Mg2+ and Ca2+ present comparable binding affinities and biological availabilities. Here, the molecular and structural effects of the replacement of magnesium by calcium and its inhibition mechanism for phosphodiester cleavage, an essential reaction in the viral process of innate immunity suppression, are studied. Biochemical data and high-resolution structures of the Mopeia virus exonuclease domain complexed with each ion are reported for the first time. The consequences of the ion swap for the stability of the protein, the catalytic site and the functional role of a specific metal ion in enabling the catalytic cleavage of a dsRNA substrate are outlined.


Assuntos
Arenavirus/química , Arenavirus/enzimologia , Exonucleases/química , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/química , Nucleoproteínas/química , Infecções por Arenaviridae/virologia , Arenavirus/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Cálcio/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Cátions Bivalentes/metabolismo , Cristalização , Cristalografia por Raios X , Exonucleases/metabolismo , Magnésio/metabolismo , Manganês/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/metabolismo , Nucleoproteínas/metabolismo , Domínios Proteicos , RNA Viral/metabolismo
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