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Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21261, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277523


This paper reports on the design, development, and test of a multi-channel wireless micro-electrocorticography (µECoG) system. The system consists of a semi-implantable, ultra-compact recording unit and an external unit, interfaced through a 2.4 GHz radio frequency data telemetry link with 2 Mbps (partially used) data transfer rate. Encased in a 3D-printed 2.9 cm × 2.9 cm × 2.5 cm cubic package, the semi-implantable recording unit consists of a microelectrode array, a vertically-stacked PCB platform containing off-the-shelf components, and commercially-available small-size 3.7-V, 50 mAh lithium-ion batteries. Two versions of microelectrode array were developed for the recording unit: a rigid 4 × 2 microelectrode array, and a flexible 12 × 6 microelectrode array, 36 of which routed to bonding pads for actual recording. The external unit comprises a transceiver board, a data acquisition board, and a host computer, on which reconstruction of the received signals is performed. After development, assembly, and integration, the system was tested and validated in vivo on anesthetized rats. The system successfully recorded both spontaneous and evoked activities from the brain of the subject.

Molecules ; 25(22)2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228128


Electrolysis is a potential candidate for a quick method of wastewater cleansing. However, it is necessary to know what compounds might be formed from bioorganic matter. We want to know if there are toxic intermediates and if it is possible to influence the product formation by the variation in initial conditions. In the present study, we use Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics to simulate the fastest reaction steps under such circumstances. We investigate the behavior of amino acids and peptides under anodic conditions. Such highly reactive situations lead to chemical reactions within picoseconds, and we can model the reaction mechanisms in full detail. The role of the electric current is to discharge charged species and, hence, to produce radicals from ions. This leads to ultra-fast radical reactions in a bulk environment, which can also be seen as redox reactions as the oxidation states change. In the case of amino acids, the educts can be zwitterionic, so we also observe complex acid-base chemistry. Hence, we obtain the full spectrum of condensed-phase chemistry.