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1.
Acta Crystallogr D Struct Biol ; 72(Pt 5): 658-74, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27139629

RESUMO

The cytokine TGF-ß modulates a number of cellular activities and plays a critical role in development, hemostasis and physiology, as well as in diseases including cancer and fibrosis. TGF-ß signals through two transmembrane serine/threonine kinase receptors: TGFßR1 and TGFßR2. Multiple structures of the TGFßR1 kinase domain are known, but the structure of TGFßR2 remains unreported. Wild-type TGFßR2 kinase domain was refractory to crystallization, leading to the design of two mutated constructs: firstly, a TGFßR1 chimeric protein with seven ATP-site residues mutated to their counterparts in TGFßR2, and secondly, a reduction of surface entropy through mutation of six charged residues on the surface of the TGFßR2 kinase domain to alanines. These yielded apo and inhibitor-bound crystals that diffracted to high resolution (<2 Å). Comparison of these structures with those of TGFßR1 reveal shared ligand contacts as well as differences in the ATP-binding sites, suggesting strategies for the design of pan and selective TGFßR inhibitors.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/química , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , Isoformas de Proteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoformas de Proteínas/química , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo II , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta/metabolismo
2.
Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun ; 72(Pt 2): 129-34, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26841763

RESUMO

Microtubule-associated protein/microtubule affinity-regulating kinase 4 (MARK4) is a serine/threonine kinase involved in the phosphorylation of MAP proteins that regulate microtubule dynamics. Abnormal activity of MARK4 has been proposed to contribute to neurofibrillary tangle formation in Alzheimer's disease. The crystal structure of the catalytic and ubiquitin-associated domains of MARK4 with a potent pyrazolopyrimidine inhibitor has been determined to 2.8 Šresolution with an Rwork of 22.8%. The overall structure of MARK4 is similar to those of the other known MARK isoforms. The inhibitor is located in the ATP-binding site, with the pyrazolopyrimidine group interacting with the inter-lobe hinge region while the aminocyclohexane moiety interacts with the catalytic loop and the DFG motif, forcing the activation loop out of the ATP-binding pocket.


Assuntos
Cristalização/métodos , Cristalografia por Raios X/métodos , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Pirazóis/química , Pirazóis/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/química , Pirimidinas/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Conformação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo
3.
Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun ; 70(Pt 2): 173-81, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24637750

RESUMO

Tau-tubulin kinase 1 (TTBK1) is a dual-specificity (serine/threonine and tyrosine) kinase belonging to the casein kinase 1 superfamily. TTBK1 is a neuron-specific kinase that regulates tau phosphorylation. Hyperphosphorylation of tau is implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Two kinase-domain constructs of TTBK1 were expressed in a baculovirus-infected insect-cell system and purified. The purified TTBK1 kinase-domain proteins were crystallized using the hanging-drop vapor-diffusion method. X-ray diffraction data were collected and the structure of TTBK1 was determined by molecular replacement both as an apo structure and in complex with a kinase inhibitor.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/química , Animais , Baculoviridae/genética , Cristalização , Cristalografia por Raios X , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Conformação Proteica , Células Sf9 , Especificidade por Substrato
4.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 23(14): 4120-6, 2013 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23746475

RESUMO

A novel series of p38 MAP kinase inhibitors with high selectivity for the p38α isoform over the other family members including the highly homologous p38ß isoform has been identified. X-ray co-crystallographic studies have revealed an unprecedented kinase binding mode in p38α for representative analogs, 5c and 9d, in which a Leu108/Met109 peptide flip occurs within the p38α hinge region. Based on these findings, a general strategy for the rational design of additional promising p38α isoform selective inhibitors by targeting this novel binding mode is proposed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Isoformas de Proteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
J Med Chem ; 54(19): 6548-62, 2011 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21882820

RESUMO

Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) catalyze the dephosphorylation of tyrosine residues, a process that involves a conserved tryptophan-proline-aspartate (WPD) loop in catalysis. In previously determined structures of PTPs, the WPD-loop has been observed in either an "open" conformation or a "closed" conformation. In the current work, X-ray structures of the catalytic domain of receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase γ (RPTPγ) revealed a ligand-induced "superopen" conformation not previously reported for PTPs. In the superopen conformation, the ligand acts as an apparent competitive inhibitor and binds in a small hydrophobic pocket adjacent to, but distinct from, the active site. In the open and closed WPD-loop conformations of RPTPγ, the side chain of Trp1026 partially occupies this pocket. In the superopen conformation, Trp1026 is displaced allowing a 3,4-dichlorobenzyl substituent to occupy this site. The bound ligand prevents closure of the WPD-loop over the active site and disrupts the catalytic cycle of the enzyme.


Assuntos
Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 5 Semelhantes a Receptores/antagonistas & inibidores , Tiofenos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Domínio Catalítico , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Ligantes , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 5 Semelhantes a Receptores/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiofenos/síntese química
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21795790

RESUMO

Protein tyrosine phosphatase γ is a membrane-bound receptor and is designated RPTPγ. RPTPγ and two mutants, RPTPγ(V948I, S970T) and RPTPγ(C858S, S970T), were recombinantly expressed and purified for X-ray crystallographic studies. The purified enzymes were crystallized using the hanging-drop vapor-diffusion method. Crystallographic data were obtained from several different crystal forms in the absence and the presence of inhibitor. In this paper, a description is given of how three different crystal forms were obtained that were used with various ligands. An orthorhombic crystal form and a trigonal crystal form were obtained both with and without ligand, and a monoclinic crystal form was only obtained in the presence of a particularly elaborated inhibitor.


Assuntos
Domínio Catalítico , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Semelhantes a Receptores/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Clonagem Molecular , Cristalização , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Semelhantes a Receptores/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Semelhantes a Receptores/isolamento & purificação
7.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 21(15): 4633-7, 2011 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21705217
8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(23): 6886-9, 2010 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21035336

RESUMO

The synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of p38α MAP kinase inhibitors based on a 5-amino-pyrazole scaffold are described. These studies led to the identification of compound 2j as a potent and selective inhibitor of p38α MAP kinase with excellent cellular potency toward the inhibition of TNFα production. Compound 2j was highly efficacious in vivo in inhibiting TNFα production in an acute murine model of TNFα production. X-ray co-crystallography of a 5-amino-pyrazole analog 2f bound to unphosphorylated p38α is also disclosed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Camundongos , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
9.
J Med Chem ; 53(18): 6629-39, 2010 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20804198

RESUMO

The discovery and characterization of 7k (BMS-582949), a highly selective p38α MAP kinase inhibitor that is currently in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, is described. A key to the discovery was the rational substitution of N-cyclopropyl for N-methoxy in 1a, a previously reported clinical candidate p38α inhibitor. Unlike alkyl and other cycloalkyls, the sp(2) character of the cyclopropyl group can confer improved H-bonding characteristics to the directly substituted amide NH. Inhibitor 7k is slightly less active than 1a in the p38α enzymatic assay but displays a superior pharmacokinetic profile and, as such, was more effective in both the acute murine model of inflammation and pseudoestablished rat AA model. The binding mode of 7k with p38α was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Disponibilidade Biológica , Células CACO-2 , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Técnicas In Vitro , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(19): 5864-8, 2010 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20732813

RESUMO

The design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a series of 2-aminothiazol-5-yl-pyrimidines as novel p38α MAP kinase inhibitors are described. These efforts led to the identification of 41 as a potent p38α inhibitor that utilizes a unique nitrogen-sulfur intramolecular nonbonding interaction to stabilize the conformation required for binding to the p38α active site. X-ray crystallographic studies that confirm the proposed binding mode of this class of inhibitors in p38 α and provide evidence for the proposed intramolecular nitrogen-sulfur interaction are discussed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Nitrogênio/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Enxofre/química , Tiazóis/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Fármacos , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/farmacologia
11.
Anal Biochem ; 392(1): 59-69, 2009 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19497292

RESUMO

Eg5 is a kinesin whose inhibition leads to cycle arrest during mitosis, making it a potential therapeutic target in cancers. Circular dichroism and isothermal titration calorimetry of our pyrrolotriazine-4-one series of inhibitors with Eg5 motor domain revealed enhanced binding in the presence of adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP). Using this information, we studied the interaction of this series with ADP-Eg5 complexes using a thermal shift assay. We measured up to a 7 degrees C increase in the thermal melting (T(m)) of Eg5 for an inhibitor that produced IC(50) values of 60 and 130 nM in microtubule-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) and cell-based cytotoxicity assays, respectively. In general, the inhibitor potency of the pyrrolotriazine-4-one series in in vitro biological assays correlated with the magnitude of the thermal stability enhancement of ADP-Eg5. The thermal shift assay also confirmed direct binding of Eg5 inhibitors identified in a high-throughput screen and demonstrated that the thermal shift assay is applicable to a range of chemotypes and can be useful in evaluating both potent (nM) and relatively weakly binding (microM) leads. Overall, the thermal shift assay was found to be an excellent biophysical method for evaluating direct binding of a large number of compounds to Eg5, and it complemented the catalytic assay screens by providing an alternative determination of inhibitor potency.


Assuntos
Bioquímica/métodos , Cinesina/química , Pirróis/análise , Pirróis/química , Triazinas/análise , Triazinas/química , Difosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Fenômenos Biofísicos , Calorimetria , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dicroísmo Circular , Humanos , Cinesina/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , Desnaturação Proteica , Dobramento de Proteína , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Temperatura
12.
J Med Chem ; 51(19): 6225-9, 2008 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18771253

RESUMO

Fragment-like inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2) include 5-hydroxyisoquinoline (IC50 approximately 85 microM). Modeling studies identified four possible binding modes for this compound. Two-dimensional (1)H-(1)H NOESY data obtained with selectively protonated samples of MK2 in complex with 5-hydroxyisoquinoline demonstrated that two of the four predicted binding modes are well populated. A second small isoquinoline was subsequently shown to bind in a single mode. NMR and modeling studies using this general approach are expected to facilitate "scaffold hopping" and structure-guided elaborations of fragment-like kinase inhibitor cores.


Assuntos
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoquinolinas/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Sítios de Ligação/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/química , Isoquinolinas/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/normas , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/química , Prótons , Padrões de Referência , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr ; D64(Pt 7): 705-10, 2008 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18566506

RESUMO

The crystal structure of unphosphorylated p38alpha MAP kinase complexed with a representative pyrrolotriazine-based inhibitor led to the elucidation of the high-affinity binding mode of this class of compounds at the ATP-binding site. The ligand binds in an extended conformation, with one end interacting with the adenine-pocket hinge region, including a hydrogen bond from the carboxyl O atom of Met109. The other end of the ligand interacts with the hydrophobic pocket of the binding site and with the backbone N atom of Asp168 in the DFG activation loop. Addition of an extended benzylmorpholine group forces the DFG loop to flip out of position and allows the ligand to make additional interactions with the protein.


Assuntos
Anilidas/química , Benzamidas/química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirimidinas/química , Pirróis/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica
14.
J Am Soc Mass Spectrom ; 19(6): 841-54, 2008 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18400511

RESUMO

Mass spectrometry has gained prominence in limited proteolysis studies largely due to its unparalleled precision in determining protein molecular mass. However, proteolytic fragments usually cannot be identified through direct mass measurement, since multiple subsequences of a protein can frequently be matched to observed masses of proteolytic fragments. Therefore, additional information from N-terminal sequencing is often needed. Here we demonstrate that mass spectrometry analysis of the time course of limited proteolysis reactions provides new information that is self-sufficient to identify all proteolytic fragments. The method uses a non-specific protease like subtilisin and exploits information contained in the time-resolved dataset such as: increased likelihood of identifying larger fragments generated during initial proteolysis solely by their masses, additivity of the masses of two mutually exclusive sequence regions that generate the full-length molecule (or an already assigned subfragment), and analyses of the proteolytic subfragment patterns that are facilitated by having established the initial cleavage sites. We show that the identities of the observed proteolytic fragments can be determined by LC/MS alone because enough constraints exist in the time-resolved dataset. For a medium-sized protein, it takes about 8 h to complete the study, a significant improvement over the traditional SDS-PAGE and N-terminal sequencing method, which usually takes several days. We illustrate this method with application to the catalytic domain of mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase-2, and compare the results with N-terminal sequencing data and the known X-ray crystal structure.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Peptídeo Hidrolases/química , Análise de Sequência de Proteína/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Ativação Enzimática , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(6): 1762-7, 2008 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18313298
16.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(8): 2652-7, 2008 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18359226

RESUMO

The synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of p38 alpha MAP kinase inhibitors based on a pyrazolo-pyrimidine scaffold are described. These studies led to the identification of compound 2x as a potent and selective inhibitor of p38 alpha MAP kinase with excellent cellular potency toward the inhibition of TNFalpha production. Compound 2x was highly efficacious in vivo in inhibiting TNFalpha production in an acute murine model of TNFalpha production. X-ray co-crystallography of a pyrazolo-pyrimidine analog 2b bound to unphosphorylated p38 alpha is also disclosed.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/química
17.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(6): 1874-9, 2008 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18296051

RESUMO

Rational design, synthesis, and SAR studies of a novel class of benzothiazole based inhibitors of p38alpha MAP kinase are described. The issue of metabolic instability associated with vicinal phenyl, benzo[d]thiazol-6-yl oxazoles/imidazoles was addressed by the replacement of the central oxazole or imidazole ring with an aminopyrazole system. The proposed binding mode of this new class of p38alpha inhibitors was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic studies of a representative inhibitor (6a) bound to the p38alpha enzyme.


Assuntos
Benzotiazóis/química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas/enzimologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Microssomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microssomos/enzimologia , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
18.
J Med Chem ; 51(1): 4-16, 2008 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18072718

RESUMO

A novel structural class of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase inhibitors consisting of substituted 4-(phenylamino)-pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazines has been discovered. An initial subdeck screen revealed that the oxindole-pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazine lead 2a displayed potent enzyme inhibition (IC 50 60 nM) and was active in a cell-based TNFalpha biosynthesis inhibition assay (IC 50 210 nM). Replacement of the C4 oxindole with 2-methyl-5- N-methoxybenzamide aniline 9 gave a compound with superior p38 kinase inhibition (IC 50 10 nM) and moderately improved functional inhibition in THP-1 cells. Further replacement of the C6 ester of the pyrrolo[2,1- f][1,2,4]triazine with amides afforded compounds with increased potency, excellent oral bioavailability, and robust efficacy in a murine model of acute inflammation (murine LPS-TNFalpha). In rodent disease models of chronic inflammation, multiple compounds demonstrated significant inhibition of disease progression leading to the advancement of 2 compounds 11b and 11j into further preclinical and toxicological studies.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/síntese química , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirróis/síntese química , Triazinas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/química , Modelos Moleculares , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
19.
Cancer Res ; 66(11): 5790-7, 2006 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16740718

RESUMO

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is caused by the constitutively activated tyrosine kinase breakpoint cluster (BCR)-ABL. Current frontline therapy for CML is imatinib, an inhibitor of BCR-ABL. Although imatinib has a high rate of clinical success in early phase CML, treatment resistance is problematic, particularly in later stages of the disease, and is frequently mediated by mutations in BCR-ABL. Dasatinib (BMS-354825) is a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets oncogenic pathways and is a more potent inhibitor than imatinib against wild-type BCR-ABL. It has also shown preclinical activity against all but one of the imatinib-resistant BCR-ABL mutants tested to date. Analysis of the crystal structure of dasatinib-bound ABL kinase suggests that the increased binding affinity of dasatinib over imatinib is at least partially due to its ability to recognize multiple states of BCR-ABL. The structure also provides an explanation for the activity of dasatinib against imatinib-resistant BCR-ABL mutants.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/química , Pirimidinas/química , Tiazóis/química , Animais , Benzamidas , Cristalografia por Raios X , Dasatinibe , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Ativação Enzimática , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Modelos Moleculares , Piperazinas/química , Piperazinas/metabolismo , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Conformação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/metabolismo , Tiazóis/farmacologia
20.
Anal Biochem ; 315(2): 183-8, 2003 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12689828

RESUMO

A process to extract and enrich extracellular peptides and proteins from tissues should have broad utility in the burgeoning proteomics field. To address this need, a novel three-step protocol was developed to extract polypeptides from whole tissue samples and enrich the extracellular components. The initial homogenization of rat brain was carried out at neutral pH to optimize protein and peptide stability and solubility. Subsequent covalent chromatography on an activated thiopropyl resin was employed to debulk the tissue extract by selectively removing a substantial fraction of the intracellular protein component under nondenaturing conditions. Finally, extraction with 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid was used to selectively precipitate large proteins while enhancing the solubility of smaller proteins and peptides. The fractions from each step in the process were compared to a single extract obtained by homogenization in 0.5 M acetic acid. The recovery and yields of endogenous neuropeptides and an exogenously added peptide were evaluated by enzyme immunoassay and Western blotting, respectively. In summary, the three-step protocol was superior to the extraction of tissue with 0.5 M acetic acid in terms of peptide recovery, enrichment, and sample stability. Enrichment of the extracellular protein compartment from tissues should be valuable in proteomics experiments aimed at identifying biomarkers that can partition into serum.


Assuntos
Química Encefálica , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Neuropeptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte/isolamento & purificação , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Orexinas , Ratos
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