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1.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217245, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis causes the most prevalent bacterial Sexual Transmitted Infection. In pregnant women, untreated chlamydial infections are associated with abortions, premature rupture of membranes, postpartum endometritis, low birth weight and transmission to the newborn. In Córdoba, Argentina, there is little knowledge about the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis in women in their third trimester of pregnancy, so, the aim of this study was to evaluate Chlamydia trachomatis prevalence and genotypes present in Cordovan pregnant women with different age and socioeconomic status. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Design: prospective study. Settings: Women population from Cordoba city, Argentina. Population: Pregnant women having 35 to 37 weeks of gestation. Methods: Five hundred and nine cervical swabs were collected. Each sample was subjected to DNA extraction and PCR for Chlamydia trachomatis using primers NRO/NLO and CTP1/CTP2. Positives samples were sequenced to determine genotype. Main outcome measures: Demographic data of the patients were collected to detect a population at risk for this infection. RESULTS: A prevalence of 6.9% (35/509) for Chlamydia trachomatis infection was detected, with 32/295 and 3/214 from pregnant women with low or better economic resources respectively (p = 0,0001). Results showed a significantly increased rate of 11.6% (30/258) in women under 25 years compared with 2% (5/251) in patients over that age (p = 0,00003). Genotype E was the most prevalent. CONCLUSIONS: With these results, we can say that pregnant women under 25 years old and low economic resources are one of the populations in which the screening programs of Chlamydia trachomatis should focus.


Assuntos
Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/microbiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Aborto Induzido/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Argentina , Chlamydia trachomatis/patogenicidade , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Adulto Jovem
2.
Córdoba; s.n; 2017. 97 p. graf.
Tese em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-983089

RESUMO

RESUMEN: El presente trabajo de tesis se centró en la caracterización genética de cepas autóctonas de Chlamydia trachomatis en dos poblaciones consideradas vulnerables. Este microorganismo es una bacteria sexualmente transmisible más prevalente en todo el mundo y la principal causa mundial de ceguera prevenible al ser el agente etiológico del tracoma. En embarazadas, las infecciones clamidiales no tratadas se asocian a abortos, endometritis posparto, rotura prematura de membranas y transmisión al neonato...


ABSTRACT: The focus of this thesis work is on the genetic characterization of native strains of chlamydia trachomatis in two populations considered vulnerable. This bacterium is the cause of most prevalent sexually transmitted bacterial infection worldwide and the most important cause of preventable blindness because is the etiologic agent of trachoma. In pregnant women, untreated chlamydial infections are associated with abortions, postpartum endometritis, premature rupture of membranes and transmission to the newborn...


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Infecções por Chlamydia , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Gestantes , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/microbiologia
3.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 17(5): 2689-94, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27268652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most studies of human papilloma virus (HPV) are aimed at the natural history of the infection and its relation to cancer; however, there are few studies to assess knowledge of the general population. Our aim was analyze the degree of knowledge of Argentinians about HPV infection and its prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a voluntary, anonymous and non-binding survey with 27 multiple-choice items, in twelve private and public establishments, selected to include a broad population in terms of education, age and gender. The survey consisted of three sections: individual characteristics of the volunteer, HPV infection basic knowledge, its prevention and the virus relationship with other cancers. RESULTS: One thousand two hundred ninety seven volunteers aged 18 to 80 participated. The total number of correct answers was 45.1%. The correct answers for relationship HPV and cervical cancer was 62.1%. Almost 55% did not know about types of HPV that the vaccines for protection. Statistical analysis showed that women, single people, workers, the better educated, those who have had a STDs or HPV and receiving information through medical or educational establishments had greater knowledge of the topic. Only 0.2% of participants answered all questions correctly. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge plays an important role in health care and the deficiency found in our population could influence the success of the measures taken in the fight against cervical cancer. In this regard, we believe it would be appropriate, not only to emphasize early diagnosis and vaccine implementation, but also incorporate new communication strategies, facilitating reception of accurate and precise information by all strata of society.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Papillomaviridae/patogenicidade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Argentina , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Prognóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Vacinação , Adulto Jovem
4.
Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo ; 54(1): 11-6, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22370748

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) can induce a wide spectrum of squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) of varying severity. The aim of the present study was to establish the frequency of HPV infection and identify the genotypes circulating in women from Córdoba, Argentina, in relation to age and cytology. A total of 186 women, between 18 and 65 years old, with antecedents of SIL, underwent a pelvic examination and had cervical cells collected for cytology and HPV DNA detection. Ninety-six samples (51.6%) were positive for HPV detection, and sixty-three (65.6%) of them showed the presence of at least one HR-HPV. Low- and high-grade SIL showed significant association in patients younger than 35 years of age. We found 18 different genotypes, with a greater presence of HR-HPV. Genotypes 16 and 6 were the most frequent. Seven (7.3%) multiple infections, 85.7% of which had at least one HR-HPV, were detected. The detection of a large number of different HPV genotypes is a warning sign. It is thus necessary to strengthen the monitoring of the circulation of high-risk genotypes, currently less prevalent in intraepithelial lesions, as a control measure for the possible impact of the implementation of vaccines against genotypes 16 and 18.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Argentina/epidemiologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Esfregaço Vaginal , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 54(1): 11-16, Jan.-Feb. 2012. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-614890

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) can induce a wide spectrum of squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) of varying severity. The aim of the present study was to establish the frequency of HPV infection and identify the genotypes circulating in women from Córdoba, Argentina, in relation to age and cytology. A total of 186 women, between 18 and 65 years old, with antecedents of SIL, underwent a pelvic examination and had cervical cells collected for cytology and HPV DNA detection. Ninety-six samples (51.6 percent) were positive for HPV detection, and sixty-three (65.6 percent) of them showed the presence of at least one HR-HPV. Low- and high-grade SIL showed significant association in patients younger than 35 years of age. We found 18 different genotypes, with a greater presence of HR-HPV. Genotypes 16 and 6 were the most frequent. Seven (7.3 percent) multiple infections, 85.7 percent of which had at least one HR-HPV, were detected. The detection of a large number of different HPV genotypes is a warning sign. It is thus necessary to strengthen the monitoring of the circulation of high-risk genotypes, currently less prevalent in intraepithelial lesions, as a control measure for the possible impact of the implementation of vaccines against genotypes 16 and 18.


El papilomavirus humano (human papilloma, HPV) induce un amplio espectro de lesiones intraepiteliales escamosas (SIL) de variada severidad. Objetivo: conocer la frecuencia de infección por HPV y determinar los genotipos circulantes en mujeres de la ciudad de Córdoba, Argentina, en relación con la edad y la citología. Se realizó citología y detección de ADN-HPV en células cervicales de 186 mujeres de 18 a 65 años con antecedentes de SIL. Noventa y seis (51.6 por ciento) fueron positivas para la detección del HPV, de las cuales, en 63 (65.6 por ciento) se detectó la presencia de al menos, un HPV de Alto Riesgo (HR-HPV). Las SIL de alto grado (HSIL) y de bajo grado (LSIL) se asociaron a pacientes menores de 35 años. Se hallaron 18 genotipos diferentes, con mayor presencia de HR-HPV. HPV 16 y 6 fueron más frecuentes y se detectaron 7 (7.3 por ciento) infecciones múltiples, 85.7 por ciento de éstas presentaron al menos un HR-HPV. La detección de un alto número de diferentes genotipos es una señal de alerta. Por tanto, es necesario fortalecer la vigilancia de los HR-HPV, actualmente menos frecuentes en las SIL, como medida de control del impacto que tendrá la implementación de las vacunas contra HPV 16 y 18.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/análise , Genótipo , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Esfregaço Vaginal
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