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1.
J Clin Pathol ; 73(1): 30-34, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315894

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the presence of human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A), HHV-6B and HHV-7 in samples of the uterine cervix through detection of viral DNA. We analysed normal tissues, samples with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs). We correlated the presence of HHV-6 and HHV-7 with the finding of human papillomavirus (HPV) in mucosal samples. METHODS: Cervical samples were examined and grouped as follows: group 1 (n=29), normal cytology; group 2 (n=61), samples with LSIL; group 3 (n=35), samples with HSIL. Molecular biology examinations were performed in all samples to detect HHV-6, HHV-7 and HPV DNA and to typify HHV-6 species. RESULTS: Group 1: normal cytology and HPV (-): HHV-6: 6.8% (2/29), HHV-7: 79.3% (23/29); group 2: LSIL and HPV (-): HHV-6: 93.1% (27/29), HHV-7: 96.5% (28/29); LSIL and HPV (+): HHV-6: 0% (0/32), HHV-7: 90.6% (29/32); group 3: HSIL and HPV (-): HHV-6: 20% (2/10), HHV-7: 70% (7/10); HSIL HPV (+): HHV-6: 12% (3/25), HHV-7: 68% (17/25). HHV-6A DNA was not detected in any samples. CONCLUSIONS: (1) Both HHV-6 and HHV-7 infect the mucosal cells of the cervix with higher prevalence of HHV-7. (2) The higher prevalence of HHV-6 in LSIL HPV (-) samples compared with those with normal cytology indicates that it constitutes a possible risk factor for atypia production. (3) The presence of HHV-7 in all samples questions its role in the production of atypia. (4) The finding of HHV-6 and HHV-7 suggests that the cervical mucosa is a possible transmission pathway for these viruses.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , DNA Viral/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 6/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 7/genética , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Infecções por Roseolovirus/diagnóstico , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Argentina , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/genética , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Feminino , Testes de DNA para Papilomavírus Humano , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções por Roseolovirus/genética , Infecções por Roseolovirus/transmissão , Infecções por Roseolovirus/virologia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/genética , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Oral Microbiol ; 11(1): 1632129, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31275530

RESUMO

Objective: Provide evidence of HPV, C. trachomatis, and HSV infection in the oral cavity from patients with different types of stomatological lesions. Materials and Methods: Oral swabs samples were collected from a total of 318 patients. The infectious agents were analyzed using the PCR technique. HPV genotyping and HSV type were studied using the RFLP method. Results: We studied 137 benign lesions (B), 96 potentially malignant disorders (PMD) and 85 oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). The prevalence of HPV was 34%. The most frequently genotypes detected were 6 low risk and 16 high risk. The prevalence of C. trachomatis was 16% and HSV 3%. Co-infections were detected mostly in benign lesions as following: HPV-C. trachomatis in 4%, C. trachomatis- HSV in 1.8% and HPV-HSV in 0.3%. Conclusion: This report is the first contribution to the identification and genotype characterization of HPV in a scenario little studied in our area, and it also contributes to improving our understanding on sexually transmitted infectious agents and their associations with the oral cavity. Besides, we detect the presence of C. trachomatis and HSV and co-infection with HPV in the oral cavity, which they should be taken into account for diagnostic and treatment purposes.

3.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217245, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis causes the most prevalent bacterial Sexual Transmitted Infection. In pregnant women, untreated chlamydial infections are associated with abortions, premature rupture of membranes, postpartum endometritis, low birth weight and transmission to the newborn. In Córdoba, Argentina, there is little knowledge about the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis in women in their third trimester of pregnancy, so, the aim of this study was to evaluate Chlamydia trachomatis prevalence and genotypes present in Cordovan pregnant women with different age and socioeconomic status. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Design: prospective study. Settings: Women population from Cordoba city, Argentina. Population: Pregnant women having 35 to 37 weeks of gestation. Methods: Five hundred and nine cervical swabs were collected. Each sample was subjected to DNA extraction and PCR for Chlamydia trachomatis using primers NRO/NLO and CTP1/CTP2. Positives samples were sequenced to determine genotype. Main outcome measures: Demographic data of the patients were collected to detect a population at risk for this infection. RESULTS: A prevalence of 6.9% (35/509) for Chlamydia trachomatis infection was detected, with 32/295 and 3/214 from pregnant women with low or better economic resources respectively (p = 0,0001). Results showed a significantly increased rate of 11.6% (30/258) in women under 25 years compared with 2% (5/251) in patients over that age (p = 0,00003). Genotype E was the most prevalent. CONCLUSIONS: With these results, we can say that pregnant women under 25 years old and low economic resources are one of the populations in which the screening programs of Chlamydia trachomatis should focus.


Assuntos
Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/microbiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Aborto Induzido/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Argentina , Chlamydia trachomatis/patogenicidade , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Adulto Jovem
4.
Córdoba; s.n; 2017. 97 p. graf.
Tese em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-983089

RESUMO

RESUMEN: El presente trabajo de tesis se centró en la caracterización genética de cepas autóctonas de Chlamydia trachomatis en dos poblaciones consideradas vulnerables. Este microorganismo es una bacteria sexualmente transmisible más prevalente en todo el mundo y la principal causa mundial de ceguera prevenible al ser el agente etiológico del tracoma. En embarazadas, las infecciones clamidiales no tratadas se asocian a abortos, endometritis posparto, rotura prematura de membranas y transmisión al neonato...


ABSTRACT: The focus of this thesis work is on the genetic characterization of native strains of chlamydia trachomatis in two populations considered vulnerable. This bacterium is the cause of most prevalent sexually transmitted bacterial infection worldwide and the most important cause of preventable blindness because is the etiologic agent of trachoma. In pregnant women, untreated chlamydial infections are associated with abortions, postpartum endometritis, premature rupture of membranes and transmission to the newborn...


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Infecções por Chlamydia , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Gestantes , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/microbiologia
5.
Infect Genet Evol ; 44: 43-45, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27328126

RESUMO

In this study, genetic diversity of Chlamydia pneumoniae was investigated and the relationships between sequences amplified of different sources, clinical conditions and geographical regions of central Argentina were established. Samples amplified were similar to human C. pneumoniae patterns and show the high clonality of the population.


Assuntos
Chlamydophila pneumoniae/genética , Animais , Argentina , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Infecções por Chlamydia/microbiologia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/patogenicidade , Humanos , Filogenia
6.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 17(5): 2689-94, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27268652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most studies of human papilloma virus (HPV) are aimed at the natural history of the infection and its relation to cancer; however, there are few studies to assess knowledge of the general population. Our aim was analyze the degree of knowledge of Argentinians about HPV infection and its prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a voluntary, anonymous and non-binding survey with 27 multiple-choice items, in twelve private and public establishments, selected to include a broad population in terms of education, age and gender. The survey consisted of three sections: individual characteristics of the volunteer, HPV infection basic knowledge, its prevention and the virus relationship with other cancers. RESULTS: One thousand two hundred ninety seven volunteers aged 18 to 80 participated. The total number of correct answers was 45.1%. The correct answers for relationship HPV and cervical cancer was 62.1%. Almost 55% did not know about types of HPV that the vaccines for protection. Statistical analysis showed that women, single people, workers, the better educated, those who have had a STDs or HPV and receiving information through medical or educational establishments had greater knowledge of the topic. Only 0.2% of participants answered all questions correctly. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge plays an important role in health care and the deficiency found in our population could influence the success of the measures taken in the fight against cervical cancer. In this regard, we believe it would be appropriate, not only to emphasize early diagnosis and vaccine implementation, but also incorporate new communication strategies, facilitating reception of accurate and precise information by all strata of society.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Papillomaviridae/patogenicidade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Argentina , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Prognóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Vacinação , Adulto Jovem
7.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 16(3): 1151-7, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25735347

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for one of the most frequent sexually transmitted infections. The first phylogenetic analysis was based on a LCR region fragment. Nowadays, 4 variants are known: African (Af-1, Af-2), Asian-American (AA) and European (E). However the existence of sub-lineages of the European variant havs been proposed, specific mutations in the E6 and LCR sequences being possibly related to persistent viral infections. The aim of this study was a phylogenetic study of HPV16 sequences of endocervical samples from Cordoba, in order to detect the circulating lineages and analyze the presence of mutations that could be correlated with malignant disease. The phylogenetic analysis determined that 86% of the samples belonged to the E variant, 7% to AF-1 and the remaining 7% to AF-2. The most frequent mutation in LCR sequences was G7521A, in 80% of the analyzed samples; it affects the binding site of a transcription factor that could contribute to carcinogenesis. In the E6 sequences, the most common mutation was T350G (L83V), detected in 67% of the samples, associated with increased risk of persistent infection. The high detection rate of the European lineage correlated with patterns of human migration. This study emphasizes the importance of recognizing circulating lineages, as well as the detection of mutations associated with high-grade neoplastic lesions that could be correlated to the development of carcinogenic lesions.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Região de Controle de Locus Gênico/genética , Mutação/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Carcinogênese , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , DNA Viral/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Gradação de Tumores , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
8.
Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo ; 54(1): 11-6, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22370748

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) can induce a wide spectrum of squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) of varying severity. The aim of the present study was to establish the frequency of HPV infection and identify the genotypes circulating in women from Córdoba, Argentina, in relation to age and cytology. A total of 186 women, between 18 and 65 years old, with antecedents of SIL, underwent a pelvic examination and had cervical cells collected for cytology and HPV DNA detection. Ninety-six samples (51.6%) were positive for HPV detection, and sixty-three (65.6%) of them showed the presence of at least one HR-HPV. Low- and high-grade SIL showed significant association in patients younger than 35 years of age. We found 18 different genotypes, with a greater presence of HR-HPV. Genotypes 16 and 6 were the most frequent. Seven (7.3%) multiple infections, 85.7% of which had at least one HR-HPV, were detected. The detection of a large number of different HPV genotypes is a warning sign. It is thus necessary to strengthen the monitoring of the circulation of high-risk genotypes, currently less prevalent in intraepithelial lesions, as a control measure for the possible impact of the implementation of vaccines against genotypes 16 and 18.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Argentina/epidemiologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Esfregaço Vaginal , Adulto Jovem
9.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 54(1): 11-16, Jan.-Feb. 2012. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-614890

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) can induce a wide spectrum of squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) of varying severity. The aim of the present study was to establish the frequency of HPV infection and identify the genotypes circulating in women from Córdoba, Argentina, in relation to age and cytology. A total of 186 women, between 18 and 65 years old, with antecedents of SIL, underwent a pelvic examination and had cervical cells collected for cytology and HPV DNA detection. Ninety-six samples (51.6 percent) were positive for HPV detection, and sixty-three (65.6 percent) of them showed the presence of at least one HR-HPV. Low- and high-grade SIL showed significant association in patients younger than 35 years of age. We found 18 different genotypes, with a greater presence of HR-HPV. Genotypes 16 and 6 were the most frequent. Seven (7.3 percent) multiple infections, 85.7 percent of which had at least one HR-HPV, were detected. The detection of a large number of different HPV genotypes is a warning sign. It is thus necessary to strengthen the monitoring of the circulation of high-risk genotypes, currently less prevalent in intraepithelial lesions, as a control measure for the possible impact of the implementation of vaccines against genotypes 16 and 18.


El papilomavirus humano (human papilloma, HPV) induce un amplio espectro de lesiones intraepiteliales escamosas (SIL) de variada severidad. Objetivo: conocer la frecuencia de infección por HPV y determinar los genotipos circulantes en mujeres de la ciudad de Córdoba, Argentina, en relación con la edad y la citología. Se realizó citología y detección de ADN-HPV en células cervicales de 186 mujeres de 18 a 65 años con antecedentes de SIL. Noventa y seis (51.6 por ciento) fueron positivas para la detección del HPV, de las cuales, en 63 (65.6 por ciento) se detectó la presencia de al menos, un HPV de Alto Riesgo (HR-HPV). Las SIL de alto grado (HSIL) y de bajo grado (LSIL) se asociaron a pacientes menores de 35 años. Se hallaron 18 genotipos diferentes, con mayor presencia de HR-HPV. HPV 16 y 6 fueron más frecuentes y se detectaron 7 (7.3 por ciento) infecciones múltiples, 85.7 por ciento de éstas presentaron al menos un HR-HPV. La detección de un alto número de diferentes genotipos es una señal de alerta. Por tanto, es necesario fortalecer la vigilancia de los HR-HPV, actualmente menos frecuentes en las SIL, como medida de control del impacto que tendrá la implementación de las vacunas contra HPV 16 y 18.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/análise , Genótipo , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Esfregaço Vaginal
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