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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 210, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692887

RESUMO

Introduction: Hypertension ranks third in the world, after underweight and unsafe sex, in the list of six major risk factors contributing to the global disease. In Kenya, the prevalence stands at 24% in the general population, while among the young adults, the incidence of hypertension has been reported to be in the rise; a fact attributed to increased number of risks. We therefore sought to determine awareness and risk factors of hypertension among young adults attending Tenwek hospital. Methods: A case-control study of young adults ages 18-35, involving 80 cases and 80 controls at Tenwek Mission Hospital, Bomet County. Cases included males and females newly diagnosed with hypertension (diagnosed at the time of data collection) and if they reported taking antihypertensive medication and reported as hypertensives in the hospital records at any clinic visit or at interview, while controls included persons with no history of hypertension. Results: Those having a BMI≥25 were 3.05 times more likely to be hypertensive (OR: 3.05, 95% CI 1.26, 7.40; p=0.014). Having a relative suffering from hypertension increased almost thrice the odds of being hypertensive (OR: 2.78, 95% CI 1.20, 6. 46; p=0.018). Not drinking alcohol reduced the chance of suffering from hypertension by 70%, (OR=0.30, 95% CI 0.11, 0.81; p=0.017). Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension in younger adults is not as low as generally perceived. Preventive measures should be formulated in a manner to address variety of major risk factors in young adults.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Saúde da Família/estatística & dados numéricos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/etiologia , Quênia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
2.
Pan Afr Med J ; 19: 255, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25852798

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An estimated 55,000 people die from rabies annually. Factors promoting dog vaccination, estimates of vaccination coverage and knowledge on rabies are important for effective rabies control. We sought to establish these estimates at household (HH) level and whether rabies knowledge is associated with proper control practices. METHODS: Cross-sectional cluster survey with two-stage sampling was employed in Kakamega County to enroll HH members above 18 years. A set of questions related to rabies knowledge and practice were used to score participant response. Score above the sample mean was equated to adequate knowledge and proper practices respectively. Independent t-test was used to evaluate the differences of sample mean scores based on dog vaccination status. Bivariate analysis was used to associate knowledge to practices. RESULTS: Three hundred and ninety HHs enrolled and had a population of 754 dogs with 35% (n = 119) HH having vaccinated dogs within past 12 months. Overall mean score for knowledge was 7.0 (±2.8) with range (0-11) and 6.3 (±1.2) for practice with range (0-8). There was a statistically significant difference in mean knowledge (DF = 288, p < 0.01) and practice (DF = 283, p = 0.001) of HH with vaccinated dogs compared to ones with unvaccinated dogs. Participants with adequate rabies knowledge were more likely to have proper health seeking practices 139 (80%) (OR = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.4-6.8) and proper handling practices of suspected rabid dog 327 (88%) (OR = 5.4, 95% CI = 2.7-10.6). CONCLUSION: Rabies vaccination below the 80% recommended for herd immunity. Mass vaccination campaign needed. More innovative ways of translating knowledge into proper rabies control practice are warranted.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Vacinas Antirrábicas/administração & dosagem , Raiva/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Mordeduras e Picadas/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Doenças do Cão/virologia , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Quênia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Vacinação em Massa/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Raiva/veterinária , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacinação/veterinária , Adulto Jovem
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