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1.
Cell Syst ; 11(1): 11-24.e4, 2020 07 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619549

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented global challenge, and point-of-care diagnostic classifiers are urgently required. Here, we present a platform for ultra-high-throughput serum and plasma proteomics that builds on ISO13485 standardization to facilitate simple implementation in regulated clinical laboratories. Our low-cost workflow handles up to 180 samples per day, enables high precision quantification, and reduces batch effects for large-scale and longitudinal studies. We use our platform on samples collected from a cohort of early hospitalized cases of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and identify 27 potential biomarkers that are differentially expressed depending on the WHO severity grade of COVID-19. They include complement factors, the coagulation system, inflammation modulators, and pro-inflammatory factors upstream and downstream of interleukin 6. All protocols and software for implementing our approach are freely available. In total, this work supports the development of routine proteomic assays to aid clinical decision making and generate hypotheses about potential COVID-19 therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Proteômica/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/classificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/classificação , Pneumonia Viral/classificação , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Biol Chem ; 294(19): 7740-7754, 2019 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914481

RESUMO

An efficient immunosurveillance of CD8+ T cells in the periphery depends on positive/negative selection of thymocytes and thus on the dynamics of antigen degradation and epitope production by thymoproteasome and immunoproteasome in the thymus. Although studies in mouse systems have shown how thymoproteasome activity differs from that of immunoproteasome and strongly impacts the T cell repertoire, the proteolytic dynamics and the regulation of human thymoproteasome are unknown. By combining biochemical and computational modeling approaches, we show here that human 20S thymoproteasome and immunoproteasome differ not only in the proteolytic activity of the catalytic sites but also in the peptide transport. These differences impinge upon the quantity of peptide products rather than where the substrates are cleaved. The comparison of the two human 20S proteasome isoforms depicts different processing of antigens that are associated to tumors and autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Apresentação do Antígeno , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/enzimologia , Simulação por Computador , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/química , Células A549 , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Catálise , Células HeLa , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Camundongos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/genética , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/imunologia , Células THP-1
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