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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the impact of endovascular pedal artery revascularisation (PAR) on the clinical outcomes of patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI). METHODS: This retrospective analysis of a single centre cohort included 239 patients who underwent endovascular revascularisation of infrapopliteal arteries for a chronic ischaemic wound. PAR was attempted in 141 patients during the procedure. After propensity score matching, there were 87 pairs of patients with and without PAR. RESULTS: After the matching, the two groups showed balanced baseline clinical and lesion characteristics. PAR was achieved in 60.9% of the PAR group. Direct angiosome flow was more frequently obtained in the PAR group than in the non-PAR group (81.6% vs. 34.5%; p < .001). Subintimal angioplasty (47.1% vs. 29.9%; p = .019) and pedal-plantar loop technique (18.4% vs. 0%; p < .001) were more frequent in the PAR group. At the one year follow up, the PAR group showed greater freedom from major amputation (96.3% vs. 84.2%; p = .009). The wound healing rate, overall survival, major adverse limb event, and freedom from re-intervention did not differ significantly between the two groups. However, the patient subgroup with successful PAR showed a higher wound healing rate than the non-PAR group (76.0% vs. 67.0%; p = .031). In a multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model, successful PAR (hazard ratio [HR] 1.564, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.068-2.290; p = .022) was identified as an independent factor associated with improved wound healing, whereas gangrene (HR 0.659, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.471-0.923; p = .015), C reactive protein >3 mg/dL (HR 0.591, 95% CI 0.386-0.904; p = .015), and pre-procedural absence of pedal arch (HR 0.628, 95% CI 0.431-0.916; p = .016) were associated with impaired wound healing. CONCLUSION: Successful PAR significantly improved wound healing in patients with CLI. Thus, efforts should be made to revascularise the pedal arteries, especially when the pedal arch is completely absent.

2.
Yonsei Med J ; 60(11): 1108-1111, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637894

RESUMO

The primary concern in percutaneous coronary intervention for bifurcation lesions is occlusion of a side branch after stenting of a main branch, especially in high-risk patients. We describe a novel technique, consecutive jailed- and kissing-Corsair technique, using a Corsair microcatheter for protection of side branches in bifurcation lesions.

3.
Atherosclerosis ; 289: 109-117, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studies of the comparative clinical outcomes between statin with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients are limited. We compared 2-year clinical outcomes between statin with ACEI or ARB therapy in STEMI patients after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES). METHODS: A total of 11,706 STEMI patients were enrolled and separated into two groups: the ACEI group (statin + ACEI, n = 8705) and the ARB group (statin + ARB, n = 3001). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as all-cause death, recurrent MI (re-MI), and any coronary revascularization. Secondary endpoints were the individual components of MACE and target vessel failure (TVF). RESULTS: After propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis, two PSM groups (2729 pairs, n = 5458, C-statistic = 0.675) were generated. The cumulative incidences of MACE, re-MI, and any coronary revascularization were similar between the two groups. However, the cumulative incidences of all-cause death (hazard ratio [HR], 1.548; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.091-2.197; p = 0.014) and cardiac death (HR, 1.850; 95% CI, 1.218-2.811; p = 0.004) were significantly higher in the ARB group compared with the ACEI group after PSM analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of statin with ACEI may be the preferred treatment strategy to reduce mortality rates in STEMI patients after successful PCI with DES rather than statin with ARB in this study during a 2-year follow-up period.

4.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(9): 1319-1326, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493827

RESUMO

Adverse effects have been reported in patients with preprocedural anemia after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but data regarding the relation between elevated hemoglobin (Hb) level and post-PCI prognosis remain limited. This study assessed the impact of elevated Hb on major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) at 12 months, a composite of all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and ischemic stroke after PCI. We pooled patient-level data from four Korean multicenter drug-eluting stent registries from 2010 to 2016. In total, 5,107 patients were divided into 5 categories according to the baseline Hb level (<10, 10 to 12.9, 13 to 14.9, 15 to 16.9 and ≥17 g/dl). Patients with higher Hb levels were significantly younger, predominantly male, current smokers with higher body mass index, and more frequent dyslipidemia. Hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and cerebrovascular accident were more prevalent in lower Hb groups. Categorically, a U-shaped curvilinear relation was observed between baseline Hb and clinical outcomes showing significantly higher MACCE rate in <10g/dl (hazard ratio [HR], 4.62 [2.81 to 7.68]) and ≥17 g/dl (HR, 4.06 [1.57 to 10.5]) groups compared with the reference group (13 to 14.9 g/dl), especially in men. In nonanemic patients (Hb ≥13 g/dl), adjusted HRs of MACCE, mortality, and stroke were significantly higher in ≥17 g/dl group than in the reference group. Furthermore, ≥17 g/dl was an independent predictor for MACCE and all-cause mortality after PCI. In conclusion, not only low Hb but also elevated Hb of ≥17 g/dl was significantly associated with higher MACCE rates and all-cause mortality after PCI. An appropriate treatment strategy for patients with high Hb level should be identified through future studies.

5.
Yonsei Med J ; 60(9): 824-831, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433580

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We evaluated the incidence, predictors, and prognosis of coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) after second-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 976 consecutive patients (1245 lesions) who underwent follow-up angiography after second-generation DES implantation were analyzed. Incidence and predictors of CAA were assessed, and clinical prognosis was compared with 34 cases of CAA after first-generation DES implantation using previous CAA registry data. RESULTS: All 10 cases of CAA (0.80% per lesion) in 10 patients (1.02% per patient) were detected at follow up. Compared to lesions without CAA, those with CAA had greater involvement of the proximal segment (90% vs. 51%, p=0.014), a higher proportion of pre-intervention, a Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction score of 0 or 1 flow (80% vs. 16%, p<0.001), more chronic total occlusions (40% vs. 10%, p<0.001), and longer implanted stents (41.9±23.2 mm vs. 28.8±14.8 mm, p=0.006). As for CAA morphology, instances of CAA after second-generation DES were predominantly the single fusiform type (90%), whereas instances of CAA after first-generation DES were multiple saccular (47%) and single saccular (35%) types (p<0.001). Myocardial infarction with stent thrombosis occurred in 5 patients with CAA after first-generation DES (15%), and no adverse events were observed in patients with CAA after second-generation DES over a median follow-up duration of 4.3 years (p=0.047, log-rank). CONCLUSION: Although CAAs after second-generation DES implantation were detected at a similar incidence to that for CAAs after first-generation DES implantation, second-generation DES-related CAAs had different morphologies and more benign clinical outcomes versus first-generation DES-related CAAs.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Coronário/epidemiologia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Idoso , Aneurisma Coronário/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Coronário/terapia , Angiografia Coronária , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Vasos Coronários , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Trombose/complicações , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data concerning the impact of stent generation on long-term outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multivessel disease (MVD) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with culprit-only PCI (C-PCI) or multivessel PCI (M-PCI) are limited. METHODS: A total of 7,266 patients were separated into the two groups, a C-PCI (n = 4,901) or M-PCI group (n = 2,365). The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction, and any repeat revascularization. The secondary endpoint was the cumulative incidence of stent thrombosis (ST) at 2 years. RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of MACE was significantly higher in the bare-metal stents (BMS) group than the first-generation (1G)-drug-eluting stents (DES) (C-PCI: adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.940; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.389-2.709; p < .001; M-PCI: aHR, 1.544; 95% CI, 1.099-2.074; p = .038), and the second-generation (2G)-DES group (C-PCI: aHR, 2.271; 95% CI, 1.657-3.114; p < .001; M-PCI: aHR, 2.999; 95% CI, 1.899-4.704; p < .001). In the M-PCI group, 1G-DES showed a higher incidence of MACE compared with 2G-DES (aHR, 1.639; 95% CI, 1.028-2.614; p = .004). The cumulative incidences of ST in the both groups were similar. CONCLUSION: The cumulative incidence of MACE was the lowest for 2G-DES, the highest for BMS, and intermediate for 1G-DES in the STEMI patients with MVD after C-PCI or M-PCI. However, cumulative incidence of ST in the two different reperfusion strategy groups was similar regardless of stent generation.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460693

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of distal vessel expansion on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) after recanalization of chronic total occlusion (CTO) particularly using new-generation drug-eluting stent (DES). BACKGROUND: The luminal changes of narrowed vessels distal to CTO segments after recanalization using new-generation DES have rarely been studied. METHODS: This substudy of the CTO-IVUS (Chronic Total Occlusion InterVention with drUg-eluting Stents) trial included a total of 69 new-generation DES-treated CTOs with serial matched IVUS analyses at index percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and at 1-year follow-up. The predictors of distal vessel expansion, any increase of lumen area at the distal reference (LAdistal ) on 1-year follow-up IVUS, were evaluated by multivariable binary logistic analyses. RESULTS: Distal vessel expansion was identified in 46 (67%). Independent determinants of distal vessel expansion were proximal CTO, a smaller LAdistal at the index PCI, a greater minimal stent area-to-LAdistal (MSA-to-LAdistal ) ratio, and a greater lumen area at the distal stent edge-to-LAdistal (LAedge -to-LAdistal ) ratio. The cut-off values of a MSA-to-LAdistal ratio and a LAedge -to-LAdistal ratio predicting the distal vessel expansion by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were 1.0 and 1.1, respectively. During the median 5.1 years, rates of target vessel revascularization, cardiac death, and stent thrombosis were similar in the distal vessel-expanded and nonexpanded groups. CONCLUSION: After opening CTO with new-generation DES, two-thirds of patients exhibited distal vessel expansion on 1-year follow-up IVUS. Expansion determinants were a proximal CTO, lower LAdistal , and larger stent areas relative to the LAdistal (modifiable procedural predictors).

8.
J Diabetes ; 2019 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM) are major risk factors for the cardiovascular disease. In this retrospective cohort study, we compared the long-term clinical outcomes between antecedent hypertension and DM in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients after stent implantation. METHODS: A total of 32 938 eligible AMI patients were enrolled and divided into the four groups according to the presence or absence of hypertension and DM (hypertension -/DM -[group A, 13 773 patients], hypertension +/DM -[group B, 10 395 patients], hypertension -/DM + [group C, 3050 patients], and hypertension +/DM + [group D, 5720 patients]). The clinical endpoint was the cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (Re-MI) and any repeat revascularization during the 2-year follow-up period. RESULTS: After adjustment, the cumulative incidence of MACEs (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.232; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.982-1.567; P = .071), all-cause death, and e-MI Re-MI were similar between the group B and C. However, the cumulative incidences of any repeat revascularization (aHR, 1.438; 95% CI, 1.062-1.997; P = .007), target lesion revascularization (TLR) (aHR, 2.467; 95% CI, 1.552-3.922; P < .001), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) (aHR, 1.671; 95% CI, 1.256-2.222; P < .001) were significantly higher in group C compared with group B. CONCLUSIONS: This large number of a nonrandomized and multicenter cohort study clearly demonstrated the detrimental impacts of the hypertension and diabetes on long-term clinical outcomes. Moreover, higher incidence of repeat revascularization after PCI in diabetic AMI patients a major concern until recently.

9.
Am J Med ; 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the relapse of statin intolerance after resumption of statins. We aimed to evaluate the relapse rates of statin intolerance in patients who subsequently received pravastatin or fluvastatin and to identify associated factors. METHODS: This retrospective, propensity score-matched cohort study screened data obtained from a tertiary university hospital between 2006 and 2015. Of 8073 patients screened, 488 with statin intolerance who received pravastatin or fluvastatin with regular follow-up were enrolled. After propensity score matching of patients, 384 were finally analyzed. The primary outcome variables were relapse of statin intolerance and stopping (ie, discontinuation or switching to other statins) rate for the 2 statins. RESULTS: During the median follow-up period of 37 months, the rate of relapse of intolerance was 10.4% and 18.2% among users of pravastatin and fluvastatin, respectively (P = 0.04). However, the log-rank test showed no difference in the relapse-free rates between the 2 groups (P = 0.34). The stopping rates of the 2 statins were 36.5% and 42.2% (P = 0.30), respectively, for various reasons, including low efficacy of the drugs. After adjustment, chronic kidney disease (hazard ratio [HR] 1.83, P = 0.03) and previous creatine kinase elevation (HR 3.13, P = 0.001) were identified as independent determinants of relapse. Older age (HR 1.03, P = 0.057) and female sex (HR 1.70, P = 0.059) were associated, but not significantly, with relapse. CONCLUSION: Although a small proportion of patients taking pravastatin or fluvastatin experienced a relapse of intolerance, many patients eventually discontinued or changed these agents. Chronic kidney disease and history of creatine kinase elevation were independent determinants of relapse.

10.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to assess serial changes in severe acute stent malapposition (ASM) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. METHODS: The maximal depth and axial lengths of ASM after DES implantation were serially quantified at percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and at 3 and 12-month follow-up, for 100 lesions in 96 patients. Severe ASM was defined as a maximal malapposed depth ≥400 µm or maximal malapposed axial length ≥1 mm. RESULTS: Of the 100 lesions, 23 lesions (23%) had a severe ASM depth at PCI. At 3 months, the maximal depth decreased to <400 µm in 12 of 23 lesions (52%). At 12 months, the maximal depth further decreased to <400 µm in 8 of the remaining 11 lesions (73%). Similarly, of 53 lesions (53%) with a severe ASM length at PCI, the maximal length decreased to 0 mm in 26 (49%) but remained severe in 17 lesions (32%) at 3 months. At 12 months, 9 of the 17 remaining lesions (53%) further decreased to 0 mm. The cut-off values for the maximal malapposed depth and length to predict the absence of stent malapposition at 12 months were 565 µm at PCI and 165 µm at 3 months, and were 2.7 mm at PCI and 0.1 mm at 3 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: Half of the severe ASM cases resolved within 3 months, and another half resolved during 3-12 months of follow-up. Our findings provide a better understanding of the time-dependent natural course of severe ASM using OCT.

11.
Atherosclerosis ; 288: 118-123, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The impact of late drug-eluting stent (DES) malapposition detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) on long-term clinical outcomes has not been clearly established. We evaluated long-term clinical outcomes of late stent malapposition (LSM) detected by OCT in a qualified study population. METHODS: A total of 428 patients were selected from previous randomized OCT studies that evaluated the degree of strut coverage of different DESs at a 3-12-month follow-up OCT examination. These patients were assigned to one of two groups based on the presence (n = 136) or absence (n = 292) of LSM on follow-up OCT images (performed at 7.0 ±â€¯3.4 months after DES implantation). The cumulative rates of composite events (cardiac death, target-vessel-related myocardial infarction, target-vessel revascularization, and stent thrombosis) were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: During 73.7 ±â€¯18.3 months of follow-up, cardiac death or (very) late stent thrombosis did not occur in either group. The cumulative rate of composite events was similar among the patients in each group (6.2% in patients with LSM vs. 11.7% in those without LSM) [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.569, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.257-1.257, p = 0.163]. Target vessel-related myocardial infarction occurred in 0.7% of patients with LSM vs. 1.5% of those without LSM (HR = 0.521, 95% CI = 0.058-4.670, p = 0.560). Target-vessel revascularization was performed in 5.4% of patients with LSM vs. 10.2% of those without LSM (HR = 0.574, 95% CI = 0.246-1.343, p = 0.201). CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac death or (very) late stent thrombosis did not occur in patients with OCT-detected LSM during long-term follow-up. The presence of OCT-detected LSM was not associated with adverse clinical events.

12.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(13): e012800, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237187

RESUMO

Background The effects of severe acute stent malapposition ( ASM ) after drug-eluting stent implantation on long-term clinical outcomes are not clearly understood. We evaluated long-term clinical outcomes of severe ASM using optical coherence tomography. Methods and Results We pooled patient- and lesion-level data from 6 randomized studies. Five studies investigated follow-up drug-eluting stent strut coverage and one investigated ASM . In this data set, a total of 436 patients with 444 lesions underwent postintervention optical coherence tomography examination and these data were included in the analysis. Severe ASM was defined as lesions with ≥400 µm of maximum malapposed distance or ≥1 mm of maximum malapposed length. Composite events (cardiac death, target lesion-related myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization, and stent thrombosis) were compared between patients with and without severe ASM . The postintervention optical coherence tomography findings indicated that 62 (14.2%) patients had lesions with ≥400 µm of maximum malapposed distance and 186 (42.7%) patients had lesions with ≥1 mm of maximum malapposed length. The 5-year clinical follow-up was completed in 371 (86.1%) of the eligible 431 patients. The cumulative rate of composite events was similar among the patients in each group during 5-year follow-up: 3.3% in patients with ASM ≥400 µm of maximum malapposed distance versus 3.1% in those with no ASM or ASM <400 µm of maximum malapposed distance ( P=0.89), and 1.2% in patients with ASM ≥1 mm of maximum malapposed length versus 4.6% in those with no ASM or ASM <1 mm of maximum malapposed length ( P=0.06). Conclusions During the 5-year follow-up, ASM severity was not associated with long-term clinical outcomes in patients treated with drug-eluting stents.

13.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For diabetic patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD), limited data exist on the long-term outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) according to clinical presentation [stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS)]. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a Korean multicenter registry, we analyzed 1135 diabetic patients with MVD treated with PCI (n=660) or CABG (n=475). After propensity score matching, 8-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events [MACCE; composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke] were compared between PCI and CABG according to clinical presentation. RESULTS: After matching, MACCE was not different between PCI and CABG for SCAD patients [15.6 vs. 17.2%, hazard ratio (HR)=0.94, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.55-1.63, P=0.837], whereas it was higher in PCI than in CABG for NSTE-ACS patients (31.1 vs. 22.4%, HR=1.63, 95% CI=1.03-2.59, P=0.036), mainly driven by the higher MI occurrence (HR=2.18, 95% CI=1.04-4.59, P=0.035). A significant interaction between revascularization strategy and clinical presentation was observed for MACCE (P-interaction=0.022). However, when PCI was further classified according to revascularization completeness, the treatment gap between PCI and CABG with respect to MI in NSTE-ACS patients was improved by complete-revascularization PCI. CONCLUSION: Among diabetic patients with MVD, the long-term outcomes of PCI versus CABG differed according to clinical presentation. CABG may be more beneficial for NSTE-ACS patients with MVD in reducing MACCE and MI, whereas PCI was as effective as CABG for SCAD patients with MVD. Therefore, clinical presentation must be considered when choosing revascularization strategies in these patients.

14.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0215604, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050669

RESUMO

AIM: Although the atheroprotective effects of statins and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are well-established, little is known about their additive effects, especially during the early period of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether combination of a statin and an ARB exerts synergistic anti-atherosclerotic effects, and to elucidate the mechanisms of combined effects. METHODS: Atherosclerotic plaques were developed in arteries of 23 rabbits using a high-cholesterol diet (HCD) and intra-arterial balloon inflation. Rabbits received one of five different treatment strategies for 4 weeks: positive control [n = 5, HCD]; negative control [n = 3, regular chow diet]; statin [n = 5, HCD and rosuvastatin 10 mg]; ARB [n = 5, HCD and olmesartan 20 mg]; and combination [n = 5, HCD and statin+ARB]. RESULTS: Histological analysis demonstrated that development of atherosclerotic plaques was inhibited more in combination group than in statin group (P = 0.001). Although macrophage infiltration identified by RAM11 staining was not significantly different between combination and individual treatment groups (31.76±4.84% [combination] vs. 38.11±6.53% [statin; P = 0.35] or 35.14±2.87% [ARB; P = 0.62]), the relative proportion of pro-inflammatory M1-macrophages was significantly lower in combination group than in ARB group (3.20±0.47% vs. 5.20±0.78%, P = 0.02). Furthermore, M2-macrophage polarization was higher in combination group than in statin group (17.70±3.04% vs. 7.86±0.68%, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Combination treatment with a statin and an ARB produced synergistic protective effects for atherosclerosis initiation and progression, which may be attributed to modulation of macrophage characteristics in the early period of atherosclerosis.

15.
Coron Artery Dis ; 30(7): 511-519, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30985482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We purposed to evaluate the reliability of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in patients with a CCTA finding of high-grade stenosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between May 2015 and March 2017, patients who underwent invasive coronary angiography (ICA) because of detection of high-grade stenosis by CCTA ( ≥ 70% stenosis of epicardial arteries or ≥ 50% of the left main coronary artery; Coronary Artery Disease Reporting and Data System grade 4 or 5) were selected for this study from our prospective registry cohort. RESULTS: Among 646 eligible patients, only 263 (41%) patients were correctly diagnosed with significant coronary artery disease on ICA as same as CCTA findings. The per-vessel analysis revealed that 620 (68%) of 916 affected vessels had confirmed concordant significant stenosis between the CCTA and ICA results. The concordance rate was 49% among the segments with identified plaques in the per-segment analysis. Revascularization of the target vessel identified with severe stenosis by CCTA was performed in 228 (35%) patients. A logistic regression analysis revealed that smoking [odds ratio (OR): 1.59, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04-2.42, P = 0.03], taller height (OR: 1.02, 95% CI: 1.00-1.05, P = 0.016), and presence of typical symptoms of angina (OR: 1.86, 95% CI: 1.34-2.59, P < 0.001) were found to increase the probability of diagnostic concordance. A greater calcified segment involvement score (OR: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.82-0.94, P < 0.001) was associated with a lower diagnostic concordance. CONCLUSION: The diagnostic discordance between CCTA and ICA was frequently observed in patients who were diagnosed with a CCTA finding of high-grade stenosis.

16.
Am Heart J ; 212: 45-52, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ticagrelor monotherapy after short-term dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) may optimize ischemic and bleeding risks, particularly for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients, because its strategy is less potent than ticagrelor-based DAPT but more potent than aspirin or clopidogrel monotherapy. METHODS: The TICO randomized open-label trial will evaluate whether ticagrelor monotherapy following 3-month DAPT is superior to 12-month ticagrelor-based DAPT in terms of net adverse clinical events (NACE) including efficacy and safety in ACS patients treated with ultrathin bioresorbable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents (BP-SES). Patients undergoing BP-SES implantation for ACS treatment will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to the (1) ticagrelor monotherapy group after 3-month DAPT; or the (2) 12-month DAPT group. The primary endpoint is NACE within 12 months of percutaneous coronary intervention, which includes major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) plus major bleeding as defined by Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction. MACCE includes the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, stroke, and target vessel revascularization. Secondary endpoints included each component of the primary endpoint. CONCLUSIONS: The TICO trial is an ongoing trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor monotherapy following 3-month DAPT exclusively in ACS patients treated with uniform BP-SES. It may provide novel insights regarding the need for adjusted use of DAPT for rebalancing risk-benefit in current practice and changing from the conventional concept of aspirin maintenance to a ticagrelor-based regimen in the management of ACS.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(10): e14797, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30855497

RESUMO

There are limited studies comparing the effect of current smoking on first-generation (1G)-drug-eluting stents (DES) and second-generation (2G)-DES in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We investigated the clinical impact of current smoking on 2-year clinical outcomes between the 1G-DES and the 2G-DES in AMI patients after PCI.A total of 11,812 AMI patients with a history of current smoking who underwent successful PCI with 1G-DES (n = 4622) or 2G-DES (n = 7190) were enrolled. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as all-cause death, recurrent AMI (re-MI) or any revascularization (target lesion revascularization [TLR], target vessel revascularization [TVR], and non-TVR). The secondary endpoint was the incidence of definite or probable stent thrombosis (ST).Two propensity score-matched (PSM) groups (3900 pairs, n = 7800, C-statistic = .708) were generated. After PSM analysis, the 2-year cumulative incidence of MACE was significantly higher in the 1G-DES group compared with the 2G-DES (9.4% vs 7.4%, Log-rank P = .002; hazard ratio, 1.281; 95% confidence interval, 1.097-1.495; P = .002) and this increased incidence of MACE was associated with the increased incidence of any revascularization including TLR, TVR, and non-TVR. However, the incidences of ST, all-cause death, re-MI were not significantly different during 2-year follow-up period.2G-DES was the preferred treatment strategy for AMI patients with a history of current smoking to reduce MACE especially, any revascularization rate rather than 1G-DES in this study.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Fumar/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Falha de Prótese , Recidiva , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Trombose/epidemiologia , Tabagismo/complicações , Tabagismo/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Atherosclerosis ; 284: 31-36, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30870705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limited data is available on the benefit of statin for primary prevention in the elderly. The aim of this study is to investigate whether statin for primary prevention is effective in lowering the cardiovascular risk and all-cause death in individuals aged >75 years. METHODS: This was a retrospective, propensity score-matched study and data were acquired between 2005 and 2016 in a tertiary university hospital. Of the 6414 patients screened, 1559 statin-naïve patients without a history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease before the index visit were included. After propensity score matching, 1278 patients (639 statin users, 639 statin non-users) were finally analyzed. Primary outcome variables included major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and all-cause death. MACCE included cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, and nonfatal stroke or transient ischemic attack. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 5.2 years, statin users had lower rates of MACCE (2.15 vs. 1.25 events/100 person-years; hazard ratio, 0.59; p = 0.005) and all-cause death (1.19 vs. 0.65 events/100 person-years; hazard ratio, 0.56; p = 0.02), as well as lower levels of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol than did non-users. The Kaplan-Meier curves revealed lower event rates in statin users (hazard ratio: 0.59 for MACCE and 0.56 for all-cause death). The incidence of myocardial infarction and coronary revascularization were lower in statin users. CONCLUSIONS: Statin therapy for primary prevention was clearly associated with lower risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause death in individuals aged >75 years. These results support more active statin use in this population.

19.
Atherosclerosis ; 284: 102-109, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There are limited data comparing clinical outcomes among new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with culprit-only or multivessel PCI. We investigated 1-year clinical outcomes between biodegradable-polymer (BP)-coated biolimus-eluting stent (BES) and durable-polymer (DP)-coated DES in STEMI patients with MVD who underwent two different reperfusion strategies. METHODS: A total of 4255 patients were enrolled and divided into two groups, a culprit-only (n = 2571, BP- [n = 264] or DP-DES [n = 2307]) or a multivessel PCI group (n = 1684, BP- [n = 145] or DP-DES [n = 1539]). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI), and total repeat revascularization. The secondary endpoint was the incidence of definite or probable stent thrombosis (ST). RESULTS: BP-BES and DP-DES showed a similar 1-year adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for MACE (culprit-only, adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.114; p = 0.740; multivessel, HR, 0.564; p = 0.167) and ST (culprit-only, HR, 1.110, p = 0.891; multivessel, HR, 0.375; p = 0.402). The adjusted HR for all-cause death, re-MI, and repeat revascularization were similar between the two groups. In the total population, the culprit-only PCI group showed a higher incidence of total repeat revascularization than the multivessel PCI group. CONCLUSIONS: BP-BES and DP-DES showed comparable safety and efficacy in STEMI patients with MVD who underwent primary PCI with two different reperfusion strategies during a 1-year follow-up period.

20.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(7): e011817, 2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30905253

RESUMO

Background The relationship between late stent malapposition ( LSM ) and adverse cardiovascular events is controversial. Studies are needed to evaluate long-term (>5 years) clinical outcomes of LSM detected by optical coherence tomography ( OCT ) after drug-eluting stent implantation. Methods and Results We investigated long-term clinical outcomes of OCT -detected LSM in 351 patients who received drug-eluting stents and were examined by both poststent and follow-up OCT (175±60 days after drug-eluting stent implantation) from January 2009 to December 2011. LSM was observed in 99 patients (28%). We evaluated the cumulative rate of composite events (cardiovascular death, target-vessel-related myocardial infarction, target-vessel revascularization, and stent thrombosis). During 80.1±24.5 months of follow-up, very late stent thrombosis did not occur in any patients with LSM . The cumulative 8-year rate of composite events was 7.3% in patients with LSM and 10.5% in patients without LSM ( P=0.822, log-rank test). We further divided patients into the following 4 groups: patients with both late-persistent and late-acquired stent malapposition (n=23), patients with late-persistent stent malapposition alone (n=45), patients with late-acquired stent malapposition alone (n=31), and patients without LSM (n=252). The cumulative 8-year rates of composite events were similar among these 4 groups (0%, 9.6%, 9.7%, and 10.5%, respectively; P=0.468 by log-rank test). Conclusions During long-term follow-up (>5 years), very late stent thrombosis did not occur in patients with OCT -detected LSM . The rates of adverse clinical events were similar between patients with LSM versus those without LSM . Presence of OCT -detected LSM was not associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes.

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