Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 120
Filtrar
1.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0240689, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147280

RESUMO

With increased population and urban development, there are growing concerns regarding health impacts of environmental noise. We assessed the relationship between nighttime environmental noise and semen quality of men who visited for fertility evaluation. This is a retrospective cohort study of 1,972 male patient who had undertaken semen analysis between 2016-2018 at a single fertility center of Seoul, South Korea. We used environmental noise data of National Noise Information System (NNIS), Korea. Using semiannual nighttime noise measurement closest to the time of semen sampling, individual noise exposures at each patient's geocoded address were estimated with empirical Bayesian kriging method. We explored the association between environmental noise and semen quality indicators (volume, concentration, % of progressive motility, vitality, normal morphology, total motile sperm count, oligozoospermia, asthenozoospermia, and severe teratozoospermia) using multivariable regression and generalized additive models. Estimated exposure to nighttime environmental noise level in the study population was 58.3±2.2 Leq. Prevalence of oligozoospermia, asthenozoospermia, and severe teratozoospermia were 3.3%, 14.0%, and 10.1%. Highest quartile nighttime noise was associated with 3.5 times higher odds of oligozoospermia (95% CI: 1.18, 10.17) compared to lowest quartile. In men whose noise exposure is in 3rd quartile, odds ratio (OR) of severe teratozoospermia was 0.57 (95% CI: 0.33, 0.98). The OR for 4th quartile noise were toward null. In generalized additive model, the risk of oligozoospermia increases when the nighttime noise is 55 Leq dB or higher. Our study adds an evidence of potential impact of environmental noise on semen quality in men living in Seoul. Additional studies with more refined noise measurement will confirm the finding.

2.
Andrologia ; 52(11): e13809, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882055

RESUMO

Total motile sperm count is an important parameter for predicting the probability of natural pregnancy. We have externally validated the Samplaski's post-varicocele repair semen analysis nomogram to confirm the predictive accuracy of total motile sperm count. A total of 300 patients who had undergone varicocelectomy between July 2016 and July 2019 from 4 treatment centres were included in this validation cohort study. The predictive performance of the externally validated nomogram was revealed by applying the Pearson correlation coefficient (R = 0.328; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.220-0.435; p < .001). Compared to Samplaski's nomogram result (R = 0.581; 95% CI 0.186-0.729), our study also revealed a statistically significant rate. However, it had a relatively lower correlation coefficient rate. Notably, the predicted total motile sperm count was lower than the observed post-varicocelectomy total motile sperm count. The calibration plot revealed that the discrepancy between the predicted and observed total motile sperm count was plausible. However, it had low explanatory power in this nomogram model. This validation study demonstrates that the post-varicocele repair Samplaski's nomogram predicts a relatively lower total motile sperm count than the observed count.

3.
Investig Clin Urol ; 61(4): 441-451, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666002

RESUMO

Purpose: Despite the role of carbon monoxide in ameliorating ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), its use in the clinical setting is restricted owing to its toxicity. Herein, we investigated the in vivo effects of carbon monoxide-releasing molecule-3 (CORM-3) on IRI. Materials and Methods: Fifteen rats were equally and randomly divided into three groups: sham (right nephrectomy), control (right nephrectomy and left renal ischemia), and CORM-3 (right nephrectomy and CORM-3 injection before left renal ischemia). Kidney tissues and blood samples collected from sacrificed rats were evaluated to determine the renoprotective effect and mechanism of CORM-3. Results: Concentrations of serum creatinine and kidney injury molecule-1 in the CORM-3 group were significantly lower than in the control group after 75 minutes of IRI (1.2 vs. 2.4 mg/dL, p=0.01, and 292 vs. 550 pg/mL, p<0.001, respectively). Furthermore, the CORM-3 group exhibited a higher portion of normal tubules and glomeruli. TUNEL staining revealed fewer apoptotic renal tubular cells in the CORM-3 group than in the control group. The expression of 960 genes in the CORM-3 group was also altered. Pretreatment with CORM-3 before renal IRI produced a significant renoprotective effect. Fifteen of the altered genes were found to be involved in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors signaling pathway, and the difference in the expression of these genes between the CORM-3 and control groups was statistically significant (p<0.001). Conclusions: CORM-3 ameliorates IRI by decreasing apoptosis and may be a novel strategy for protection against renal warm IRI.

4.
Transl Androl Urol ; 9(2): 758-765, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32420181

RESUMO

Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy is currently the standard for treatment of small renal mass. Recently, robot-assisted single site surgery has been introduced. However, there have been few reports of retroperitoneal approaches. Herein, we report initial case series of retroperitoneal single-site robot-assisted partial nephrectomy using the da Vinci Xi surgical system using the Lapsingle Vision advanced access platform. Three patients have undergone retroperitoneal single-site robot-assisted partial nephrectomy due to incidental finding of renal mass. Operation duration, estimated blood loss, warm ischemia time, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) change, and complication were evaluated. Renal cell carcinoma of the two clear cell type and one chromophobe was diagnosed based on the pathological examination. Initial two cases were successfully completed with minimal bleeding and warm ischemic time within 25 minutes. The last 3rd case has been converted to multiport operation due to limited retroperitoneal space and difficulty in managing upper pole renal mass. Retroperitoneal single-site robot-assisted partial nephrectomy is a feasible treatment modality for treatment of posterior or lateral renal masses. Additional cases are needed to confirm the safety and efficacy of this technique.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(6)2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32210068

RESUMO

Human microbiota is heavily involved in host health, including the aging process. Based on the hypothesis that the human microbiota manipulates host aging via the production of chemical messengers, lifespan-extending activities of the metabolites produced by the oral commensal bacterium Corynebacterium durum and derivatives thereof were evaluated using the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. Chemical investigation of the acetone extract of a C. durum culture led to the identification of monoamines and N-acetyl monoamines as major metabolites. Phenethylamine and N-acetylphenethylamine induced a potent and dose-dependent increase of the C. elegans lifespan, up to 21.6% and 19.9%, respectively. A mechanistic study revealed that the induction of SIR-2.1, a highly conserved protein associated with the regulation of lifespan, was responsible for the observed increased longevity.

6.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228097, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078626

RESUMO

Sperm motility is a crucial factor for normal fertilisation that is partly supported by mitochondrial activity. Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) generate electric currents by an electron grade from anodic to cathodic electrodes in a culture media. We demonstrate that electrical stimulation by EBFC at the nano-Ampere range enhances sperm motility that can potentially allow the development of a new therapeutic tool for male infertility, including poor motility. EBFC was set up with three different electrical currents (112 nA/cm2 and 250 nA/cm2) at two different times (1 h, 2 h). Each sample was evaluated for its motility by computer-assisted sperm analyses and sperm viability testing. In the expanded study, we used the optimal electrical current of the EBFC system to treat asthenozoospermia and sperm with 0% motility. Results showed that optimal electrical stimulation schemes with EBFCs enhanced sperm motility by 30-40% compared with controls. Activated spermatozoa led to tyrosine phosphorylation in the tail area of the sperm following the electrical stimulation in the nano-Ampere range. However, the electrically stimulated group did not exhibit increased acrosomal reaction rates compared with the control group. In cases related to asthenozoospermia, 40% of motility was recovered following the electrical stimulation at the nano-Ampere range. However, motility is not recovered in sperm with 0% motility. In conclusion, we found that sperm motility was enhanced by exposure to electrical currents in the nano-Ampere range induced by optimal EBFCs. Electrical stimulation enhanced the motility of the sperm though tyrosine phosphorylation in spermatozoa. Therefore, our results show that electrical currents in the nano-Ampere range can be potentially applied to male infertility therapy as enhancers of sperm motility in assisted reproductive technology.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Estimulação Elétrica , Enzimas/metabolismo , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides/citologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fosforilação , Tirosina/metabolismo
7.
World J Mens Health ; 38(2): 191-197, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30799559

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We evaluated the usefulness of a home-based device (SwimCount™) compared with World Health Organization (WHO) 5th semen analysis in screening for male fertility in Asian men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred Asian men who visited CHA Seoul Station Fertility Center for evaluation of fertility were included. Semen samples were analyzed and compared with the SwimCount™ results. An aliquot of 0.5 mL of the semen sample was added to the SwimCount™ and a WHO 5th semen analysis was performed. Results were categorized as low (<5×106/mL), and normal to high (≥5×106/mL) total progressively motile sperm concentration. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to evaluate the accuracy of the SwimCount™. RESULTS: The mean total progressively motile sperm concentration was 26.7×106/mL. Semen analysis revealed that 28% of the samples were below the threshold count of 5 million/mL total progressively motile sperm concentration. The mean total progressively motile sperm concentration of the light color SwimCount™ result group determined by semen analysis was 7.5×106/mL, and the mean total progressively motile sperm concentration of the moderate to dark color SwimCount™ result group was 34.2×106/mL. An area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.85 (95% confidence interval, 0.77-0.94; p<0.001) was obtained when the SwimCount™ was compared with semen analysis. The sensitivity and specificity were obtained at a cut off value of 5.0×106/mL total progressively motile sperm concentration, giving a sensitivity and specificity of 87.5% and 73.4%. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the reliability of the SwimCount™ as a home-based device for male fertility by evaluating the total progressively motile sperm concentration.

8.
Int Urogynecol J ; 31(4): 809-816, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781825

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the efficacy of intraoperative extrinsic manual bladder compression (Credé maneuver) for trans-obturator tape adjustment during mid-urethral sling surgery in women with stress urinary incontinence and those with mixed urinary incontinence. METHODS: The study included 148 randomly selected women who underwent mid-urethral sling surgery with trans-obturator tape for stress urinary incontinence between January 2016 and May 2017. Subgroup analysis of 66 women with mixed urinary incontinence included 43 patients from the Credé maneuver group and 23 from the non-Credé maneuver group. In the Credé maneuver group, the pattern of urine leakage was determined during the Credé maneuver, and tape tension was adjusted according to the pattern. RESULTS: The cure rate was 86.6% and improved rate was 11.9% in the Credé maneuver patients. The cure rate was 50.6% and improved rate was 38.3% in the non-Credé maneuver patients. The success rate was significantly higher in the Credé than in the non-Credé maneuver group (p = 0.023). In subgroup analysis of patients with mixed urinary incontinence, the cure rate was 81.4% and improved rate was 16.3% in the Credé maneuver group. The cure rate was 43.5% and improved rate was 47.8% in the non-Credé maneuver group. The cure rate was significantly higher in the Credé maneuver group (p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative trans-obturator tape adjustment using the Credé maneuver to identify the leaking pattern significantly improved the success rate in women with mixed urinary incontinence, and Credé maneuver-directed adjustment significantly improved the cure rate.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31057649

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is linked to an extensive neuron loss via accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aß) as senile plaques associated with reactive astrocytes and microglial activation in the brain. The objective of this study was to assess the therapeutic effect of WS-5 ethanol extract in vitro and in vivo against Aß-induced AD in mice and to identify the extract's active constituents. In the present study, WS-5 exerted a significant inhibitory effect on acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Analysis by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that WS-5 prevented Aß oligomerization via inhibition of Aß 1-42 aggregation. Evaluation of antioxidant activities using 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) demonstrated that WS-5 possessed a high antioxidant activity, which was confirmed by measuring the total antioxidant status (TAS). Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory properties of WS-5 were examined using lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells. WS-5 significantly inhibited the lipopolysaccharide-induced production of nitric oxide and two proinflammatory cytokines, TNF-α and IL-6. The memory impairment in mice with Aß-induced AD was studied using the Morris water maze and passive avoidance test. Immunohistochemistry was performed to monitor pathological changes in the hippocampus and cortex region of the mouse brain. The animal study showed that WS-5 (250 mg/kg) treatment improved learning and suppressed memory impairment as well as reduced Aß plaque accumulation in Aß-induced AD. HPLC analysis identified the extract's active compounds that exert anti-AChE activity. In summary, our findings suggest that WS-5 could be applied as a natural product therapy with a focus on neuroinflammation-related neurodegenerative disorders.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(18): e15516, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045843

RESUMO

Patients who undergo partial nephrectomy (PN) may exhibit renal function insufficiency, and a subset of these patients achieves renal function recovery. We evaluated the predictors of renal insufficiency and subsequent renal function recovery following PN. Data on 393 patients who underwent PN for solid renal tumors between March 2001 and November 2013, obtained from 6 institutions, were retrospectively reviewed. Renal insufficiency was defined as new onset of chronic kidney disease stage ≥3 postoperatively on the second of 2 consecutive tests. Renal function recovery was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥60 ml/minute/1.73 m following renal insufficiency. Tumor complexity was stratified according to the RENAL classification system. The median (interquartile range) age, tumor size, and follow-up period were 53 (45-63) years, 2.6 (1.9-3.8) cm, and 36 (12-48) months, respectively. Tumors were of low complexity in 258/393 (65.6%) of cases. Renal insufficiency developed in 54/393 (13.5%) patients, in which age ≥60 years and preoperative creatinine ≥1.1 mg/ml were independent predictors. Tumor complexity, clamp type, and operative method were not significant prognostic factors. Among patients with newly developed renal insufficiency, 18/54 (33.3%) patients exhibited renal function recovery within a median period of 18 months, of which preoperative creatinine <1.1 mg/ml was an independent predictor. Age ≥60 years and preoperative creatinine ≥1.1 mg/ml were risk factors for renal insufficiency following PN. Patients with renal insufficiency whose preoperative creatinine was <1.1 mg/ml were likely to have renal function recovery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Fatores Etários , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/sangue , Neoplasias Renais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Insuficiência Renal/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Arch Pharm Res ; 42(4): 370, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30725247

RESUMO

The author would like to include conflict of interest statement of the online published article. The correct conflict of interest statement should read as: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

12.
World J Mens Health ; 37(2): 219-225, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30588786

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Sperm cryopreservation before cancer treatment is the most effective method to preserve the fertility of male patients. We present our 21 years experience with sperm cryopreservation for cancer patients, including an examination of semen quality, the current status of cryopreserved sperm, and the rate of sperm use for assisted reproductive technology (ART). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 721 cancer patients at Fertility Center of CHA Gangnam Medical Center successfully performed sperm cryopreservation for fertility preservation from January 1996 to December 2016. Medical chart review was used to analyze patient age, marital status, cancer type, semen volume, sperm counts and motility, length of storage, and current banking status. RESULTS: The major cancers of the 721 patients were leukemia (28.4%), lymphoma (18.3%), testis cancer (10.0%). The mean age at cryopreservation was 27.0 years, and 111 patients (15.4%) performed sperm cryopreservation during or after cancer treatment. The mean sperm concentration was 66.7±66.3 ×106/mL and the mean sperm motility was 33.8%±16.3%. During median follow-up duration of 75 months (range, 1-226 months), 44 patients (6.1%) used their banked sperm at our fertility center for ART and 9 patients (1.2%) transferred their banked sperm to another center. The median duration from cryopreservation to use was 51 months (range, 1-158 months). CONCLUSIONS: Sperm cryopreservation before gonadotoxic treatment is the most reliable method to preserve the fertility of male cancer patients. Sperm cryopreservation should be offered as a standard of care for all men planning cancer therapy.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(45): e13102, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30407321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RPN) and focal therapy (FT) have both been successfully employed in the management of small renal masses. However, despite this being the era of minimally invasive surgery, few comparative studies exist on RPN and FT. The aim of our study is to review perioperative, renal functional and oncologic outcomes of FT and RPN in cT1 renal masses. METHODS: Literature published in Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases up to April 22, 2018, was systematically searched. We included literature comparing outcomes of FT (radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation, microwave ablation, and irreversible electroporation) and RPN. Studies that reported only on laparoscopic partial nephrectomy or open partial nephrectomy, and review articles, editorials, letters, or cost analyses were excluded. In total, data from 1166 patients were included. RESULTS: From 858 total articles, 7 nonrandomized, observational studies were included. Compared with RPN, FT was associated with a significantly lower decrease of estimated glomerular filtration rate (weighted mean difference [WMD] -8.06 mL/min/1.73 m; confidence interval [CI] -15.85 to -0.26; P = .04), and lower estimated blood loss (WMD -49.61 mL; CI -60.78 to -38.45; P < .001). However, patients who underwent FT had a significantly increased risk of local recurrence (risk ratio [RR] 9.89; CI 4.24-23.04; P < .001) and distant metastasis (RR 6.42; CI 1.70-24.33; P = .006). However, operative times, lengths of stay, and complication rates were revealed to be similar between FT and RPN. CONCLUSION: RPN has a substantial advantage in preventing cancer recurrence. However, in the era of minimally invasive surgery, FT has advantages in renal function preservation and less bleeding. Long-term follow-up for survival rates and comparative analysis of microwave ablation and irreversible electroporation are needed to extend FT for patients with significant morbidities and for those who need sufficient renal function preservation with minimal bleeding.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Eletroquimioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Técnicas de Ablação/efeitos adversos , Eletroquimioterapia/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Asian J Androl ; 2018 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30106012

RESUMO

This study comprises a systematic review and meta-analysis of microsurgical vasoepididymostomy outcomes in epididymal obstructive azoospermia. A comprehensive literature search was performed using Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane library that included all studies related to microsurgical vasoepididymostomy. Keywords included "vasoepididymostomy," "epididymovasostomy," "epididymal obstruction," and "epididymis obstruction." Event rate and risk ratio (RR) were estimated. Patency rate and pregnancy rate were investigated. The analysis comprised 1422 articles, including 42 observational studies with 2298 enrolled patients performed from November 1978 to January 2017. The overall mean patency rate was 64.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 58.5%-69.3%; I2=83.0%), and the overall mean pregnancy rate was 31.1% (95% CI: 26.9%-35.7%; I2=73.0%). We performed a meta-analysis comparing the patency rate of bilateral microsurgical vasoepididymostomy and unilateral microsurgical vasoepididymostomy and found an RR of 1.38% (95% CI: 1.21%-1.57%; P < 0.00001). A comparison of the site of microsurgical vasoepididymostomy showed that caudal or corpus area was favorable for patency rate (RR = 1.17%; 95% CI: 1.01%-1.35%; P = 0.04). Patients with motile sperm in epididymal fluid exhibited an RR of 1.53% (95% CI: 1.11%-2.13%; P = 0.01) with respect to patency rate. Microsurgical vasoepididymostomy is an effective treatment for epididymal obstructive azoospermia that can improve male fertility. We find that performing microsurgical vasoepididymostomy bilaterally, anastomosing a larger caudal area, and containing motile sperm in epididymis fluid can potentially achieve a superior patency rate.

15.
Clin Nutr Res ; 7(3): 199-212, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30079318

RESUMO

This study attempted to investigate whether nutrient and food intake were related with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in adults and elderly over 50 years of age in Korea. Questionnaires and anthropometric measurements were conducted on general aspects of the research, and food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) were conducted to determine nutritional status. The relative theta power (RTP) through electroencephalography (EEG) measurements, neurocognitive function test (NFT; CNS Vital Signs), and cognitive function was measured. The MCI group consumed significantly lower C18:4, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) among the N-3 fatty acids, N-6 fatty acids dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA), mono unsaturated fatty acids, C22:1, biotin, vitamin D in the nutrients, and sweet potato (12.35g/day, p = 0.015), mackerel (3.38g/day, p = 0.017), mandarin orange (p = 0.016), persimmon (p = 0.013) and apple (p = 0.023) in the food than the normal group did. And the MCI group consumed salted fish (3.14g/day, p = 0.041) and ice-cream (5.01g/day, p = 0.050) at a significantly higher level. Delayed verbal score, delayed visual score, and verbal memory score of the NFT and RTP values of the prefrontal cortex among the EEGs were significantly lower in the MCI group compared to those in the normal group. From this study, we found that nutrient and food intake are closely related to MCI in Korean aged 50 years and older, but more human studies are needed to verify these findings.

16.
Arch Pharm Res ; 41(7): 743-752, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29978428

RESUMO

Aging is a key risk factor for many diseases, understanding the mechanism of which is becoming more important for drug development given the fast-growing aging population. In the course of our continued efforts to discover anti-aging natural products, the active constituent 6-shogaol was isolated from Zingiber officinale Roscoe. The chemical structure of 6-shogaol was identified by comparison of its NMR data with literature values. The lifespan-extending effect of 6-shogaol was observed in a dose-dependent manner in Caenorhabditis elegans that has been widely used as a model organism for human aging studies. Mechanism of such action was investigated using C. elegans models, suggesting that 6-shogaol is capable of increasing stress tolerances via enzyme induction. The proposed mechanism was further supported by observation of the increase in SOD and HSP expressions upon treatment with 6-shogaol in transgenic strains of C. elegans which contain GFP-based reporters. In addition, the mechanism was elaborated by confirming that the effect observed for 6-shogaol is independent from other aging-related factors that are known to affect the aging process of C. elegans.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Caenorhabditis elegans/efeitos dos fármacos , Caenorhabditis elegans/fisiologia , Catecóis/farmacologia , Gengibre/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Catecóis/administração & dosagem , Catecóis/química , Catecóis/isolamento & purificação , Longevidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais , Estrutura Molecular , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Biomol Ther (Seoul) ; 26(6): 568-575, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29534560

RESUMO

In order to discover lifespan-extending compounds made from natural resources, activity-guided fractionation of Zingiber officinale Roscoe (Zingiberaceae) ethanol extract was performed using the Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) model system. The compound 6-gingerol was isolated from the most active ethyl acetate soluble fraction, and showed potent longevity-promoting activity. It also elevated the survival rate of worms against stressful environment including thermal, osmotic, and oxidative conditions. Additionally, 6-gingerol elevated the antioxidant enzyme activities of C. elegans, and showed a dose-depend reduction of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation in worms. Further studies demonstrated that the increased stress tolerance of 6-gingerol-mediated worms could result from the promotion of stress resistance proteins such as heat shock protein (HSP-16.2) and superoxide dismutase (SOD-3). The lipofuscin levels in 6-gingerol treated intestinal worms were decreased in comparison to the control group. No significant 6-gingerol-related changes, including growth, food intake, reproduction, and movement were noted. These results suggest that 6-gingerol exerted longevity-promoting activities independently of these factors and could extend the human lifespan.

18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 6934747, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598997

RESUMO

Purpose: This study identified noninvasive factors that predict overactive bladder (OAB) after readjustable mid-urethral sling surgery (Remeex system) in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) due to intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 130 women with SUI due to ISD [Valsalva leak-point pressure (VLPP) <60 cm H2O] who underwent the Remeex procedure between February 2011 and March 2017. Patients were classified according to OAB symptoms before and 6 months after the Remeex procedure: Group 1, without preoperative and postoperative OAB (n=46); Group 2, without preoperative OAB and with postoperative OAB (de novo OAB, n=15); Group 3, with preoperative OAB and without postoperative OAB (n=25); Group 4, with preoperative and postoperative OAB (n=44). Noninvasive clinical and urodynamic factors were evaluated as predictors of de novo OAB. Results: The four groups significantly differed with respect to age (p=0.036), peak urinary flow rate (PUFR) one month after surgery (post-PUFR, p=0.001), and postvoid residual (PVR) one month after surgery (post-PVR, p=0.005). No significant differences were detected for body mass index, diabetes, multiparity, menopause, previous hysterectomy, previous incontinence surgery, previous pelvic organ prolapse surgery, pyuria, preoperative PUFR, preoperative PVR, maximal cystometric capacity, VLPP, maximum urethral closure pressure, detrusor pressure at PUFR, and detrusor overactivity (p>0.05). Post-PUFR decreased significantly compared with preoperative PUFR in Groups 1, 2, and 4 (p=0.002, p=0.001, and p=0.001, respectively). Pairwise comparisons of post-PUFR and post-PVR revealed statistically significant differences between Group 2 and other groups (p<0.0125). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that post-PUFR was the only significant predictor of de novo OAB (odds ratio = 0.823, 95% confidence interval 0.727-0.931, p=0.002). Conclusions: Reduced PUFR after the Remeex procedure is a promising predictor of risk for de novo OAB. This metric is noninvasive and easy to measure.


Assuntos
Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/patologia , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/patologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Menopausa/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paridade/fisiologia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/patologia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Pressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Slings Suburetrais , Urodinâmica/fisiologia
19.
Asian J Androl ; 20(1): 9-14, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28440262

RESUMO

Emerging evidence has suggested that cytoreductive prostatectomy (CRP) allows superior oncologic control when compared to current standard of care androgen deprivation therapy alone. However, the safety and benefit of cytoreduction in metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) has not been proven. Therefore, we evaluated the incidence of complications following CRP in men newly diagnosed with mPCa. A total of 68 patients who underwent CRP from 2006 to 2014 at four tertiary surgical centers were compared to 598 men who underwent radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa). Urinary incontinence was defined as the use of any pad. CRP had longer operative times (200 min vs 140 min, P < 0.0001) and higher estimated blood loss (250 ml vs 125 ml, P < 0.0001) compared to the control group. However, both overall (8.82% vs 5.85%) and major complication rates (4.41% vs 2.17%) were comparable between the two groups. Importantly, urinary incontinence rate at 1-year after surgery was significantly higher in the CRP group (57.4% vs 90.8%, P < 0.0001). Univariate logistic analysis showed that the estimated blood loss was the only independent predictor of perioperative complications both in the unadjusted model (OR: 1.18; 95% CI: 1.02-1.37; P = 0.025) and surgery type-adjusted model (OR: 1.17; 95% CI: 1.01-1.36; P = 0.034). In conclusion, CRP is more challenging than radical prostatectomy and associated with a notably higher incidence of urinary incontinence. Nevertheless, CRP is a technically feasible and safe surgery for selecting PCa patients who present with node-positive or bony metastasis when performed by experienced surgeons. A prospective, multi-institutional clinical trial is currently underway to verify this concept.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...