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1.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(5): e45, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Annual vaccination is the principal way to reduce the mortality and morbidity associated with influenza. In the 2016-2017 influenza seasons, the influenza epidemic appeared to exhibit a different pattern from the previous years. Because of the unusual trend, the incidence of influenza-like patients among school-aged children had increased, causing doubts about the effectiveness of the influenza vaccine. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the influenza vaccine among elementary school students in Korea. METHODS: The study was conducted in elementary schools in each province of Korea in cooperation with the Student Health Policy Division of the Ministry of Education. Each Provincial Office of Education of Korea, except for Jeju, randomly selected one to two elementary schools for each District Office of Education. A total of 2,739 elementary school students were enrolled and vaccination and influenza infection status were collected from the subjects' parents through questionnaires, from February 13th to 21st in 2017. Vaccine effectiveness was defined as calculating the infection rate of influenza among the vaccinated and unvaccinated groups and determining the decreased infection rate of the vaccinated group relative to the unvaccinated group, while adjusting for time of vaccination and infection. RESULTS: Adjusting for the interval between vaccination and infection, vaccine effectiveness of influenza was 17.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.6% to 28.9%), 22.5% (95% CI, 10.3% to 33%), and 28.7% (95% CI, 17.5% to 38.3%) at 2 or more weeks, 3 or more weeks, and 4 or more weeks after vaccination, respectively. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, considering the time required for adequate immunogenicity, the 2016-2017 seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness in Korean elementary school students was 17.6%-28.7%, which was less effective than that of previous years.

2.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 42: 101646, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751793

RESUMO

The nose is a valuable facial feature for facial recognition and approximation. We propose the use of regression functions to predict nasal profiles comprising the structures around the piriform aperture using CT-based 3D models. We examined craniofacial reconstruction models acquired from computed tomographic images of Korean adults (188 males and 201 females). Eighteen measurements using 16 craniometric landmarks were measured on 3D craniofacial models. We conducted a descriptive analysis with comparisons according to sex, and simple linear regression analyses to obtain regression functions. Using multiple regression analyses with sex and age as independent variables, multiple regression equations were developed with coefficient of determination R2 ranging from 0.314 to 0.724, meaning that the equations for known sex and age were better for the prediction of nasal profiles than equations that assumed only known sex. These equations are useful and practical for reconstructing nasal profiles in forensic analyses.

3.
Nanoscale ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793610

RESUMO

Nanostructured materials offer the potential to drive future developments and applications of electrochemical devices, but are underutilized because their nanoscale cavities can impose mass transfer limitations that constrain electrochemical signal generation. Here, we report a new signal-generating mechanism that employs a molecular redox capacitor to enable nanostructured electrodes to amplify electrochemical signals even without an enhanced reactant mass transfer. The surface-tethered molecular redox capacitor engages diffusible reactants and products in redox-cycling reactions with the electrode. Such redox-cycling reactions are facilitated by the nanostructure that increases the probabilities of both reactant-electrode and product-redox-capacitor encounters (i.e., the nanoconfinement effect), resulting in substantial signal amplification. Using redox-capacitor-tethered Au nanopillar electrodes, we demonstrate improved sensitivity for measuring pyocyanin (bacterial metabolite). This study paves a new way of using nanostructured materials in electrochemical applications by engineering the reaction pathway within the nanoscale cavities of the materials.

4.
J Korean Med Sci ; 34(46): e279, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The titer of influenza vaccine-induced antibodies declines over time, and younger children have lower immunogenicity and shorter duration of immunity. This study aimed to compare persistence of antibody at 6 months after influenza vaccination according to influenza virus strains, vaccine type, antigen dose, and primed status in children aged 6 to 35 months. METHODS: A total 124 healthy children aged 6 to 35 months were enrolled from September to December 2016 at 10 hospitals in Korea and randomly assigned to either a full dose of quadrivalent influenza vaccine or a half dose of trivalent influenza vaccine with Victoria B strain group. Hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers (that measure the seroprotection rates) were assessed for the recommended influenza strains at 6 months post vaccination. RESULTS: The seroprotection rates at 6 months for strains A (H1N1), A (H3N2), B/Yamagata, and B/Victoria were 88.7%, 97.4%, 36.6%, and 27.6%, respectively. The seroprotection rates for A (H1N1), A (H3N2) and B (Victoria) were 91.4%, 98.7% and 27.5% in a full dose of quadrivalent vaccine vs. 83.7%, 94.6% and 27.9% in a half dose trivalent vaccine, respectively. The seroprotection rate for the B (Yamagata) strain was 23.8% in the quadrivalent group and 14.0% in the trivalent group. CONCLUSION: Persistence of antibodies at 6 months was more favorable against the influenza A strains than against the B strains. Persistence of antibodies to additional B strain at 6 months was superior in the quadrivalent vaccine group. The immunity of primed children with different B strains was not superior to that of the unprimed group with another B strain.

5.
Small ; 15(52): e1905076, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778013

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is one of the most promising methods to detect small molecules for point-of-care analysis as it is rapid, nondestructive, label-free, and applicable for aqueous samples. Here, microgels containing highly concentrated yet evenly dispersed gold nanoparticles are designed to provide SERS substrates that simultaneously achieve contamination-free metal surfaces and high signal enhancement and reproducibility. With capillary microfluidic devices, water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) double-emulsion drops are prepared to contain gold nanoparticles and hydrogel precursors in innermost drop. Under hypertonic condition, water is selectively pumped out from the innermost drops. Therefore, gold nanoparticles are gently concentrated without forming aggregates, which are then captured by hydrogel matrix. The resulting microgels have a concentration of gold nanoparticles ≈30 times higher and show Raman intensity two orders of magnitude higher than those with no enrichment. In addition, even distribution of gold nanoparticles results in uniform Raman intensity, providing high signal reproducibility. Moreover, as the matrix of the microgel serves as a molecular filter, large adhesive proteins are rejected, which enables the direct detection of small molecules dissolved in the protein solution. It is believed that this advanced SERS platform is useful for in situ detection of toxic molecules in complex mixtures such as biological fluids, foods, and cosmetics.

6.
Analyst ; 144(24): 7162-7167, 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710050

RESUMO

The detection of toxic gas molecules using the surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) technique is very challenging due to the low affinity of gas molecules. Here, we report extremely sensitive SERS-based NO2 gas sensors based on 3D nanoporous Au nanostructures with a high affinity for NO2 gas molecules and high density of hotspots.

7.
Pediatr Infect Dis J ; 38(9): e209-e215, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cell culture-derived influenza vaccines have several important advantages over egg-based influenza vaccines. The quadrivalent influenza vaccine may offer broader protection against seasonal influenza than trivalent influenza vaccine by containing 1 more B strain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of NBP607-QIV, a novel cell culture-derived inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine (cIIV4), in children and adolescents. METHODS: This phase III, randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial in children/adolescents (6 mo to 18 yr) was conducted in South Korea during 2014-2015 season. Subjects were randomized 4:1 to receive either NBP607-QIV or control inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine. Hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers were assessed in prevaccination and 28 days postvaccination sera. Safety data were collected for up to 6 months postvaccination. RESULTS: A total of 454 participants completed the study. Three-hundred sixty-six subjects received cIIV4 and 88 subjects received inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine. Overall, NBP607-QIV met the immunogenicity criteria of Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use for each of the 4 strains. Between the NBP607-QIV and control groups, immunogenicity endpoints were comparable. Participants younger than 3 years of age had lower immunologic responses to 2 influenza B strains in both NBP607-QIV and control group. No deaths, vaccine-related serious adverse events (AEs) or withdrawals because of AEs were reported. The solicited AEs reported were generally of mild intensity. CONCLUSIONS: NBP607-QIV, a novel cIIV4, showed good immunogenicity to all 4 influenza strains and had tolerable safety profiles in children and adolescents. Moreover, NBP607-QIV was more immunogenic against influenza B compared with the control, an egg-based subunit vaccine.

8.
Genes Genomics ; 41(9): 1063-1075, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter has emerged recently as one of the most challenging nosocomial pathogens because of its increased rate of antimicrobial resistance. The genetic complexity and genome diversity, as well as the lack of adequate knowledge on the pathogenic determinants of Acinetobacter strains often hinder with pathogenesis studies for the development of better therapeutics to tackle this nosocomial pathogen. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we comparatively analyzed the whole genome sequence of a virulent Acinetobacternosocomialis strain NCTC 8102. METHODS: The genomic DNA of A. nosocomialis NCTC 8102 was isolated and sequenced using PacBio RS II platform. The sequenced genome was functionally annotated and gene prediction was carried out using the program, Glimmer 3. The phylogenetic analysis of the genome was performed using Mega 6 program and the comparative genome analysis was carried out by BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool). RESULTS: The complete genome analysis depicted that the genome consists of a circular chromosome with an average G + C content of 38.7%. The genome comprises 3700 protein-coding genes, 96 RNA genes (18 rRNA, 74 tRNA and 4 ncRNA genes), and 91 pseudogenes. In addition, 6 prophage regions comprising 2 intact, 1 incomplete and 3 questionable ones and 18 genomic islands were identified in the genome, suggesting the possible occurrence of horizontal gene transfer in this strain. Comparative genome analysis of A. nosocomialis NCTC 8102 genome with the already sequenced A. nosocomialis strain SSA3 showed an average nucleotide identity of 99.0%. In addition, the number of prophages and genomic islands were higher in the A. nosocomialis NCTC 8102 genome compared to that of the strain SSA3. 14 of the genomic islands were unique to A. nosocomialis NCTC 8102 compared to strain SSA3 and they harbored genes which are involved in virulence, multidrug resistance, biofilm formation and bacterial pathogenesis. CONCLUSION: We sequenced the whole genome of A. nosocomialis strain NCTC 8102 followed by comparatively genome analysis. The study provides valuable information on the genetic features of A. nosocomialis strain and the data from this study would assist in further studies for the development of control measures for this nosocomial pathogen.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Filogenia , Acinetobacter/classificação , Acinetobacter/patogenicidade , Biofilmes , Ilhas Genômicas , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Prófagos/genética , Virulência/genética
9.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(4)2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995760

RESUMO

This paper reports a highly sensitive and selective surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) sensing platform. We used a simple fabrication method to generate plasmonic hotspots through a direct maskless plasma etching of a polymer surface and the surface tension-driven assembly of high aspect ratio Ag/polymer nanopillars. These collapsed plasmonic nanopillars produced an enhanced near-field interaction via coupled localized surface plasmon resonance. The high density of the small nanogaps yielded a high plasmonic detection performance, with an average SERS enhancement factor of 1.5 × 107. More importantly, we demonstrated that the encapsulation of plasmonic nanostructures within nanofiltration membranes allowed the selective filtration of small molecules based on the degree of membrane swelling in organic solvents and molecular size. Nanofiltration membrane-encapsulated SERS substrates do not require pretreatments. Therefore, they provide a simple and fast detection of toxic molecules using portable Raman spectroscopy.

10.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(3)2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897804

RESUMO

The compact integration of semiconductor TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) into the 3D crossed region of stacked plasmonic Ag nanowires (NWs) enhanced the photocatalytic activities through synergistic effects between the strong localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) excitation at the 3D cross-points of the Ag NWs and the efficient hot electron transfer at the interface between the Ag NWs and the TiO2 NPs. This paper explored new hybrid nanostructures based on the selective assembly of TiO2 NPs onto 3D cross-points of vertically stacked Ag NWs. The assembled TiO2 NPs directly contacted the 3D Ag NWs; therefore, charge separation occurred efficiently at the interface between the Ag NWs and the TiO2 NPs. The composite nanomaterials exhibited high extinction across the ultraviolet-visible range, rendering the nanomaterials high-performance photocatalysts across the full (ultraviolet-visible) and the visible spectral regions. Theoretical simulations clearly revealed that the local plasmonic field was highly enhanced at the 3D crossed regions of the vertically stacked Ag NWs. A Raman spectroscopic analysis of probe dye molecules under photodegradation conditions clearly revealed that the nanogap in the 3D crossed region was crucial for facilitating plasmon-enhanced photocatalysis and plasmon-enhanced spectroscopy.

11.
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol ; 11(4): 439-443, 2019 11 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30759959

RESUMO

Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by increased bone density and bone fractures due to defective osteoclast function. Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis type 2 (ADO-2), Albers-Schonberg disease, is characterized by the sclerosis of bones, predominantly involving the spine, pelvis and the base of the skull. Here, we report a typical case of osteopetrosis in a 17.7-year-old male who carries a heterozygous c.746C>T mutation in exon 9 in the chloride voltage-gated channel 7 (CLCN7) gene. The patient's spine showed multiple sclerotic changes including sandwich vertebra. His father had the same mutation but his skeletal radiographs were normal. This is the first reported case of ADO-2, confirmed by genetic testing in a Korean patient.

12.
Res Microbiol ; 170(3): 123-130, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797834

RESUMO

NemR is an electrophile-sensing regulator which controls two enzymes required for the detoxification of reactive electrophiles: N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) reductase and glyoxalase I in Escherichia coli. Both enzymes are essential for bacterial survival in the presence of toxic reactive electrophiles, such as N-ethylmaleimide and methyl glyoxal. Here, we report the identification and characterization of NemR from Acinetobacter nosocomialis, a nosocomial pathogen. We confirmed that nemR and the nemA gene which encodes N-ethylmaleimide reductase form a single operon, which is in accordance with the reports from E. coli. Bioinformatic analysis revealed the presence of an NemR binding motif in the promoter regions of nemRA operon and gloA (encoding glyoxalase I) and the binding was confirmed by gel mobility shift assay. The deletion of nemR resulted in increased biofilm/pellicle formation in A. nosocomialis. mRNA expression analysis revealed that NemR acts as a repressor of the nemRA operon and gloA, and that the repressor function is inactivated by the addition of toxic Cys modification agents, contributing to bacterial survival. In addition, it was demonstrated that the nemRA operon is positively regulated by the quorum sensing regulator, AnoR and the operon plays a role in biofilm/pellicle formation in A. nosocomialis.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter/efeitos dos fármacos , Acinetobacter/enzimologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Etilmaleimida/toxicidade , Glioxal/toxicidade , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Acinetobacter/genética , DNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , Ensaio de Desvio de Mobilidade Eletroforética , Deleção de Genes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Ordem dos Genes , Desentoxicação Metabólica Fase I , Óperon , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Repressoras/genética
13.
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol ; 11(3): 234-239, 2019 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30604602

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the association between age at menarche and adult height [and body mass index (BMI)] in young Korean females and also to investigate whether early menarche (<12 years) is a risk factor for short stature and obesity in young Korean females. Methods: Data on 1148 females aged 18-30 years and 612 mother (612 pairs of mothers and daughters) from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2015) were analyzed. Results: Among 1148 females, 256 (22.3%) had early menarche. Their stature was approximately 0.445 cm shorter when menarche had occurred one year earlier. The prevalence of short stature (≤153 cm) and obesity (BMI ≥25) was higher in females with early menarche compared to those with later menarche (short stature: 10.5% vs 6.4%, obesity; 20.7% vs 13.1%, all p<0.001). In multivariate regression, the odds ratio (OR) for short stature was 2.62 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.26-5.44] after adjusting for current age and mother's height. OR for obesity was 1.74 (95% CI: 0.98-3.07) after adjusting for age and maternal BMI. Conclusion: Final height in girls is influenced by age of menarche. Early menarche increased the risk for adult short stature in young Korean females.

14.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 15(2): 481-486, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30261144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A field effectiveness evaluation of the influenza vaccine among children younger than five years is important due to the high burden of influenza in this age group. The epidemiology of influenza virus changes rapidly each year. Moreover, the development of a new type of influenza vaccine is accelerating, necessitating a new field effectiveness evaluation. METHODS: This multi-center, open-label cohort study was conducted in the northern part of Seoul from December 2014 to May 2015 and in Gyeong-gi Province from December 2015 to May 2016. The cohort comprised an influenza vaccinated group and non-vaccinated group. During the influenza seasons, we conducted influenza rapid tests and polymerase chain reaction assays for individuals with suspected influenza and checked for the presence of influenza virus. We calculated the influenza vaccine effectiveness by comparing the incidence rates of influenza between the vaccinated and non-vaccinated groups. RESULTS: During the 2014-2015 season, the field effectiveness of the influenza vaccine was 38.4%. In particular, the vaccine effectiveness against type A influenza virus was 50.7%. During the 2015-2016 season, the vaccine effectiveness reached 23.8% and the vaccine effectiveness against type A influenza virus was 48.5%. The vaccine effectiveness against influenza B virus was markedly reduced in both seasons. CONCLUSION: The influenza vaccine was supposed to be effective against influenza A, but may have a limited effectiveness against influenza B among Korean children aged < 5 years.

15.
Korean J Pediatr ; 62(2): 62-67, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304898

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the prognostic significance of lymphocyte counts and the lymphocytemonocyte ratio (LMR) in pediatric patients with osteosarcoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 27 pediatric patients with localized extremity osteosarcoma, treated at the Korea Cancer Center Hospital between May 2002 and March 2016. Leukocyte counts and LMR before treatment and on day 14 (LMR14) of the first cisplatin-doxorubicin chemotherapy round were evaluated. Patients were dichotomized according to the median value of these parameters, and survival rates were compared. RESULTS: The median age of the 27 patients was 9.9 years (range, 3.2-14.1 years) and tumor sites were: distal femur (n=14), proximal humerus (n=7), proximal tibia (n=2), proximal fibula (n=2), and elsewhere (n=2). Patients were followed up on for a median of 76.4 months (range, 4.5-174.7 months), and 5-year overall (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) rates were 66.0%±9.8% and 60.9%±9.7%, respectively. Patients with a higher pretreatment lymphocyte count (≥2,320/µL) had better OS (90.9% vs. 46.2%, P=0.04) and EFS (83.9% vs. 38.5%, P=0.02). However, the day 14 lymphocyte count was not associated with survival. While no survival difference was observed between patients grouped according to pretreatment LMR (median value, 6.3), patients with a higher LMR14 (≥5) fared better than those with lower LMR14 (5-year OS: 83.3% vs. 46.3%, P=0.04). CONCLUSION: Pretreatment lymphocyte count and LMR during chemotherapy had prognostic significance in pediatric osteosarcoma patients. Further studies involving larger cohorts are necessary to validate our findings.

16.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 15(2): 317-326, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30431387

RESUMO

We assessed the immunogenicity and safety of a three-dose primary vaccination schedule with the combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliovirus/Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine (DTPa-IPV/Hib) in Korean infants. In this phase III open-label, multicenter study (NCT01309646), healthy infants aged 42-69 days (randomized 1:1) received three doses of either pentavalent DTPa-IPV/Hib (DTPa-IPV/Hib group) or DTPa-IPV and Hib vaccines administered separately (DTPa-IPV+Hib group) at 2, 4, 6 months of age. The primary objective was to demonstrate non-inferiority of DTPa-IPV/Hib compared to DTPa-IPV+Hib vaccines in terms of immune responses to all vaccine antigens, 1 month post-dose 3. Solicited symptoms (local and general) were recorded during 4 days, and unsolicited adverse events (AEs) during 31 days, after each vaccination. Serious AEs (SAEs) were recorded throughout the study duration. The immunogenicity of the pentavalent DTPa-IPV/Hib vaccine was non-inferior compared to concomitant administration of DTPa-IPV+Hib vaccines. One month post-dose 3, nearly all infants had antibody levels above the seroprotective thresholds for anti-diphtheria toxoid, anti-tetanus toxoid, anti-polyribosyl-ribitol phosphate, and anti-poliovirus type 1, 2 and 3, and had antibody levels above the seropositive thresholds for anti-pertussis toxoid (PT), anti-filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) and anti-pertactin (PRN) antibodies. A vaccine response for PT, FHA and PRN was observed in at least 96.7% of study participants. Anti-PRP geometric mean concentrations appeared lower for the DTPa-IPV/Hib group (8.456 µg/mL) than for the DTPa-IPV+Hib group (18.700 µg/mL). In both groups, the most common solicited symptoms were injection site redness and irritability. Fifty-seven SAEs were reported throughout the study; none were considered to be vaccination related.

17.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1865(3): 599-610, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30543854

RESUMO

RNA-binding protein LIN28A is often highly expressed in human malignant tumors and is involved in tumor metastasis and poor prognosis. Knowledge about post-translational regulatory mechanisms governing LIN28A protein stability and function is scarce. Here, we investigated the role of ubiquitination and deubiquitination on LIN28A protein stability and report that LIN28A protein undergoes ubiquitination. Ubiquitin-specific protease 28 (USP28), a deubiquitinating enzyme, interacts with and stabilizes LIN28A protein to extend its half-life. USP28, through its deubiquitinating activity, antagonizes LIN28A protein turnover by reversing its proteasomal degradation. Our study describes the consequential impacts of USP28-mediated stabilization of LIN28A protein on enhancing cancer cell viability, migration and ultimately augmenting LIN28A-mediated tumor progression. Overall, our data suggest that a synergistic, combinatorial approach of targeting LIN28A with USP28 would contribute to effective cancer therapeutics.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/fisiologia , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Células HCT116 , Células HEK293 , Células HT29 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células K562 , Células MCF-7 , Oncogenes/fisiologia , Ligação Proteica , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/genética , Estabilidade Proteica , Proteólise , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/genética , Ubiquitinação
18.
Environ Technol ; 40(19): 2577-2587, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29923783

RESUMO

The effect of antimony on the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) performance and SO2 durability of V-Sb/Ti was investigated. The physicochemical characteristics of catalyst were characterized by various techniques, including Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), NH3/SO2-temperature programmed desorption (TPD), diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTs), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and H2-temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR). The V-Sb/Ti catalyst showed excellent activity in the range 200-300°C (compared with V/Ti), with an optimum achieved for 2 wt.% antimony. The total amount of acidic sites and NH3 adsorption characteristics did not affect the catalytic efficiency. The Sb5+ fraction was highest for V-2.0Sb/Ti and exhibited a positive correlation with the V4+ fraction. This phenomenon is related to the effect of synergistic between vanadium and antimony, promoting the conversion of V5+ to V4+ by Sb5+. Increasing the V4+ fraction in V-Sb/Ti increased the catalytic activity, which was mainly attributed to enhanced catalyst re-oxidation capability due to the addition of antimony. Furthermore, the addition of antimony delayed the adsorption of SO2 onto the V-Sb/Ti catalyst surface, improving the resistance to this gas. Therefore, the addition of antimony to V/Ti improved NOx conversion and SO2 durability.


Assuntos
Amônia , Antimônio , Catálise , Oxirredução , Titânio
20.
Stand Genomic Sci ; 13: 31, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30455841

RESUMO

The Planococcus sp. PAMC21323 is a yellow pigment-producing bacterium isolated from King George Island in Antarctica; it has a broad growth temperature range of 5-40 °C. Herein, we describe the complete genome sequence information of the genus Planococcus with its annotated sequence, genetic features for bioremediation, and oxidative stress capacity. The Planococcus sp. PAMC21323 possesses chromosomal DNA (3,196,500-bp) with plasmid DNA (3364-bp). The complete 3,199,864-bp of the genome consists of 3171 genes including 60 transfer RNAs and 24 ribosomal RNAs. Strain PAMC21323 encodes various genes associated with detoxification of heavy metal ions and aromatic hydrocarbons. Moreover, it is equipped with diverse stress response systems, which can be used to sense the internal and oxidative stresses caused by detoxification. This is the first report highlighting the genetic potential of Planococcus sp. PAMC21323 in bioremediation, suggesting application of this psychrotrophic strain in bioremediation in harsh environments.

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