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1.
J Clin Virol ; 146: 105030, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839200

RESUMO

AIM AND METHODOLOGY: Several studies on hantavirus evolution have shown that genetic reassortment plays an important role in the evolution and epidemiology of this disease. To understand the genetic epidemiology of human hantaviruses, samples from rodent reservoirs were subjected to reverse-transcription nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-N-PCR) targeting the L- and S-segments of the hantavirus genome. RESULTS: Positive isolates from Gwangju, Boseong-gun (Jeollanam-do Province), and Jeju Island were confirmed as Hantaan virus using DNA sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all isolates grouped together as Hantaan virus but with each region forming a distinct cluster. In addition, these three clusters were distinct from other Hantaan isolates reported in previous studies from Korea and its neighboring countries China and Russia. CONCLUSION: This suggests Hantaan viruses exhibit a considerable degree of geographical clustering, and there may be a novel Hantaan genotype in southwestern ROK. This study helps expand our knowledge regarding the emergence of new hantavirus strains and their degree of geographical variation. IMPORTANCE: Hantaan virus, a pathogenic prototype hantavirus carried by Apodemus agrarius, is found throughout China, Russia, and Korea. Here, we examined the genetic diversity of hantaviruses to expand our knowledge regarding the emergence of new hantavirus strains and their degree of geographical variation. We found that hantaan viruses show a considerable degree of geographical clustering, which may allude to the development of a new genotype variant in the southwestern region of the ROK.

2.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0067221, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817278

RESUMO

Here, we aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of a serological assay using the nucleocapsid protein developed for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) detection and evaluated its performance using three commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), namely, Standard E 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) total antibody (Ab) ELISA (SD Biosensor), and EDI novel coronavirus COVID-19 IgG and IgM ELISA. A recombinant nucleocapsid protein (rNP) was expressed from plants and Escherichia coli for the detection of serum total Ab. We prospectively collected 141 serum samples from 32 patients with reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR)-confirmed COVID-19 and determined the sensitivity and dynamics of their total Ab response. Specificity was evaluated using 158 prepandemic samples. To validate the assays, we evaluated the performance using two different cutoff values. The sensitivity and specificity for each assay were as follows: 92.91% and 94.30% (plant-rNP), 83.69% and 98.73% (SD Biosensor), 75.89% and 98.10% (E. coli-rNP), 76.47% and 100% (EDI-IgG), and 80.39% and 80% (EDI-IgM). The plant-based rNP showed the highest sensitivity and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (0.980) among all the assays (P < 0.05). The seroconversion rate for total Ab increased sequentially with disease progression, with a sensitivity of 100% after 10 to 12 days of post-symptom onset (PSO) for both rNP-plant-based and SD Biosensor ELISAs. After 2 weeks of PSO, the seroconversion rates were >80% and 100% for EDI-IgM and EDI-IgG ELISA, respectively. Seroconversion occurred earlier with rNP plant-based ELISA (5 days PSO) compared with E. coli-based (7 days PSO) and SD Biosensor (8 days PSO) ELISA. We determined that rNP produced in plants enables the robust detection of SARS-CoV-2 total Abs. The assay can be used for serosurvey and complementary diagnosis of COVID-19. IMPORTANCE At present, the principal diagnostic methods for COVID-19 comprise the identification of viral nucleic acid by genetic approaches, including PCR-based techniques or next-generation sequencing. However, there is an urgent need for validated serological assays which are crucial for the understanding of immune responses against SARS-CoV-2. In this study, a highly sensitive and specific serological antibody assay was developed for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 with an overall accuracy of 93.56% using a recombinant nucleoprotein expressed from plants.

3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1184, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is a systemic inflammatory response caused by the rickettsial bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Rhabdomyolysis and acute kidney injury (AKI) are rare complications of HGA. Here, we report a case of HGA concurrent with rhabdomyolysis and AKI in an elderly patient. CASE PRESENTATION: An 84-year old woman with a medical history of hypertension was hospitalised after two days of fever, dizziness, whole body pain, and general weakness. Laboratory investigations showed severe thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, impaired renal function, and elevated cardiac enzyme and myoglobin levels. On the day after admission, peripheral blood smear revealed morula inclusions in neutrophils, a suggestive finding of HGA. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results indicated the presence of A. phagocytophilum. Antibiotics were de-escalated to doxycycline monotherapy. After 10 days of antibiotic treatment, laboratory tests showed complete recovery from HGA complicated with rhabdomyolysis and AKI. CONCLUSIONS: HGA can lead to serious complications in patients with associated risk factors. Therefore, in patients with HGA accompanied by rhabdomyolysis, management with antibiotics and hydration should be initiated immediately, and not delayed until diagnostic confirmation.


Assuntos
Anaplasma phagocytophilum , Anaplasmose , Rabdomiólise , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anaplasma phagocytophilum/genética , Anaplasmose/complicações , Anaplasmose/diagnóstico , Anaplasmose/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Doxiciclina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Rabdomiólise/complicações , Rabdomiólise/tratamento farmacológico
4.
Langmuir ; 37(45): 13218-13224, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738813

RESUMO

Owing to its abundance, high theoretical capacity, and low electrode potential, zinc is one of the most important metallic anodes for primary and secondary batteries such as alkaline and zinc-air batteries. In the operation of zinc-based batteries, passivation of the anode surface plays an essential role because the electrode potential of zinc is slightly below that of the hydrogen evolution reaction. Therefore, it is important to scrutinize the nature of the passivation film to achieve anticorrosion inside batteries. Herein, the potential-dependent formation and removal of the passivation film during the deposition and dissolution of zinc metal in aqueous electrolytes are detected via electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance analysis. Film formation was not noticeable in hydroxide-based electrolytes; however, sulfate-based electrolytes induced potential-dependent formation and removal of the passivation film, enabling a superior coulombic efficiency of 99.37% and significantly reducing the rate of corrosion of the zinc-metal anodes. These observations provide insights into the development of advanced electrolytes for safe and stable energy-storage devices based on zinc-metal anodes.

5.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662863

RESUMO

Borrelia yangtzensis has been identified in rodents and ticks in China and Japan. A 57-year-old woman with bite mark was diagnosed with B. yangtzensis infection via molecular and serological testing. Here, we report the first case of human infection caused by B. yangtzensis in Korea.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20857, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675254

RESUMO

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is a zoonotic disease caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV). SFTS can be considered a life-threatening notifiable infectious disease. The unavailability of specific therapeutics encourages the investigation of potential efficacy of existing drugs against this infection. Drug repurposing was done by performing  virtual screening of already established drug molecules followed by 100 ns molecular dynamics simulations and molecular mechanics Poisson-Boltzmann surface area-based binding-energy calculation by targeting the SFTS L protein. On the basis of binding energy and protein-ligand interactions, top 10 promising hits were identified, showing stable binding with SFTS L protein. Further 100 ns atomistic MD simulation refined the hits from top 10 to top 4 with docking-based binding energy lesser than -8.0 kcal/mol toward the SFTS L protein and engaged in π-π interactions with pivotal amino acid residues. Various parameters and binding affinity of top 4 ligands towards L protein was computed. Ligand zaltoprofen exhibited best binding energy -220.095 kJ/mol. The present work is the first in silico study to assess bromfenac, cinchophen, elliptinium, and zaltoprofen; four promising hits against SFTS. Nonetheless, further proper biological evaluation is necessary to determine their efficacy against SFTS.

7.
Pharmaceutics ; 13(10)2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34683841

RESUMO

The wet type of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) accompanies the subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) caused by the abnormal extension or remodeling of blood vessels to the macula and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of the disease. In this study, we tried to repurpose an investigational anticancer drug, rivoceranib, which is a selective inhibitor of VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2), and evaluate the therapeutic potential of the drug for the treatment of wet-type AMD in a laser-induced CNV mouse model using microsphere-based sustained drug release formulations. The PLGA-based rivoceranib microsphere can carry out a sustained delivery of rivoceranib for 50 days. When administered intravitreally, the sustained microsphere formulation of rivoceranib effectively inhibited the formation of subfoveal neovascular lesions in mice.

8.
Microbiol Spectr ; 9(2): e0079321, 2021 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704783

RESUMO

To determine the relationship between viral kinetics and severity of disease in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, we investigated the viral kinetics and compared the viral loads of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2), stratified by symptoms and severity. We determined the viral kinetics of 100 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 at Chosun University Hospital between February 2020 and May 2021 and analyzed the differences between asymptomatic, symptomatic, and nonsurvivor patients and between patients who died and those who survived. Clinical samples, comprising respiratory specimens (sputum samples and nasopharynx and oropharynx swab samples), were obtained at different time points of hospitalization, at 1, 3 to 5, 7, 10, 14, and 30 days. SARS-CoV-2 was detected using real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). All three groups, asymptomatic, symptomatic, and deceased patients, had higher numbers of viral copies at symptom onset, and the asymptomatic group had lower numbers of viral copies than the symptomatic or nonsurvivor group. Viral RNA release was detected until 30 days after symptom onset. The virus cleared up earlier in asymptomatic patients than in symptomatic and nonsurvivor patients, and it cleared up earlier in mildly affected patients than in severely affected patients. The cycle threshold values tended to be significantly lower in the group receiving steroids than in the nonsteroid group, even in the low-risk group with a pneumonia severity index of less than 90. The viral loads in patients with COVID-19 were significantly different according to disease severity and steroid use. IMPORTANCE In our study, we analyzed the viral kinetics of COVID-19 patients. Our study reveals differences in viral shedding according to the severity of disease in COVID-19 patients. Viral shedding had a longer duration in severely affected patients, and the cyclic threshold values were lower in the group receiving steroids. This study is expected to be helpful in analyzing the trend of the disease course according to steroid use and severity of SARS-CoV-2 disease.


Assuntos
COVID-19/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Carga Viral , Eliminação de Partículas Virais , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções Assintomáticas , COVID-19/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral/análise , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18199, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521873

RESUMO

Lyme disease is a tick-borne infectious disease caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex. However, the distribution of Borrelia genospecies and the tissue detection rate of Borrelia in wild rodents have rarely been investigated. Here, we studied 27 wild rodents (Apodemus agrarius) captured in October and November 2016 in Gwangju, South Korea, and performed nested polymerase chain reaction targeting pyrG and ospA to confirm Borrelia infection. Eight rodents (29.6%) tested positive for Borrelia infection. The heart showed the highest infection rate (7/27; 25.9%), followed by the spleen (4/27; 14.8%), kidney (2/27; 7.4%), and lungs (1/27; 3.7%). The B. afzelii infection rate was 25.9%, with the highest rate observed in the heart (7/27; 25.9%), followed by that in the kidney and spleen (both 2/27; 7.4%). B. garinii and B. burgdorferi sensu stricto were detected only in the spleen (1/27; 3.7%). This is the first report of B. burgdorferi sensu stricto infection in wild rodents in South Korea. The rodent hearts showed a high B. afzelii infection rate, whereas the rodent spleens showed high B. garinii and B. burgdorferi sensu stricto infection rates. Besides B. garinii and B. afzelii, B. burgdorferi sensu stricto may cause Lyme disease in South Korea.

10.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500620

RESUMO

Aptamers are artificial nucleic acid ligands that have been employed in various fundamental studies and applications, such as biological analyses, disease diagnostics, targeted therapeutics, and environmental pollutant detection. This review focuses on the recent advances in aptamer discovery strategies that have been used to detect various chemicals and biomolecules. Recent examples of the strategies discussed here are based on the classification of these micro/nanomaterial-mediated systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) platforms into three categories: bead-mediated, carbon-based nanomaterial-mediated, and other nanoparticle-mediated strategies. In addition to describing the advantages and limitations of the aforementioned strategies, this review discusses potential strategies to develop high-performance aptamers.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Humanos , Ligantes
11.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565131

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with acute respiratory syndrome. The mechanisms underlying the different degrees of pneumonia severity in patients with COVID-19 remain elusive. This study provides evidence that COVID-19 is associated with eosinophil-mediated inflammation. Methods: We performed a retrospective case series of three patients with laboratory and radiologically confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia admitted to Chosun University Hospital. Demographic and clinical data on inflammatory cell lung infiltration and cytokine levels in patients with COVID-19 were collected. Results: Cytological analysis of sputum, tracheal aspirates, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples from all three patients revealed massive infiltration of polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs), such as eosinophils and neutrophils. All sputum and BALF specimens contained high levels of eosinophil cationic proteins. The infiltration of PMNs into the lungs, together with elevated levels of natural killer T (NKT) cells in BALF and peripheral blood samples from patients with severe pneumonia in the acute phase was confirmed by flow cytometry. Conclusions: These results suggest that the lungs of COVID-19 patients can exhibit eosinophil-mediated inflammation, together with an elevated NKT cell response, which is associated with COVID-19 pneumonia.

12.
Cell Rep ; 37(1): 109798, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587481

RESUMO

Despite the worldwide effect of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the underlying mechanisms of fatal viral pneumonia remain elusive. Here, we show that critical COVID-19 is associated with enhanced eosinophil-mediated inflammation when compared to non-critical cases. In addition, we confirm increased T helper (Th)2-biased adaptive immune responses, accompanying overt complement activation, in the critical group. Moreover, enhanced antibody responses and complement activation are associated with disease pathogenesis as evidenced by formation of immune complexes and membrane attack complexes in airways and vasculature of lung biopsies from six fatal cases, as well as by enhanced hallmark gene set signatures of Fcγ receptor (FcγR) signaling and complement activation in myeloid cells of respiratory specimens from critical COVID-19 patients. These results suggest that SARS-CoV-2 infection may drive specific innate immune responses, including eosinophil-mediated inflammation, and subsequent pulmonary pathogenesis via enhanced Th2-biased immune responses, which might be crucial drivers of critical disease in COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Eosinófilos/imunologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Imunidade Adaptativa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/metabolismo , COVID-19/metabolismo , COVID-19/virologia , Ativação do Complemento , Complexo de Ataque à Membrana do Sistema Complemento/metabolismo , Eosinófilos/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/virologia , Lesão Pulmonar/imunologia , Lesão Pulmonar/patologia , Lesão Pulmonar/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Receptores de IgG/imunologia , Receptores de IgG/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transdução de Sinais , Células Th2/imunologia , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem
13.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339382

RESUMO

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV) is an emerging tick-borne infectious disease. Few studies have assessed the clinical usefulness of nested reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for diagnosing SFTS. We performed conventional RT-PCR targeting the M segment, nested RT-PCR targeting M and S segments, and real-time RT-PCR targeting the S segment of SFTSV for four patients with suspected SFTS. Although conventional RT-PCR results for the first two patients were negative at admission, nested RT-PCR using the S or M targets was positive for the same samples. Likewise, in the other two patients, initial samples were confirmed positive in all three tests, but follow-up testing demonstrated negative conventional RT-PCR and positive nested RT-PCR results. Thus, delayed testing using conventional RT-PCR or real-time RT-PCR in symptomatic patients with SFTS may result in missed diagnoses, and compared with these methods, nested RT-PCR may increase the window for obtaining positive SFTSV PCR results. Meanwhile, the indirect immunofluorescence assay showed seroconversion to SFTSV antibodies in all four patients. Nested RT-PCR for SFTSV M and S segments could help diagnose SFTS in patients testing negative by conventional RT-PCR.

14.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370707

RESUMO

Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is confirmed by the isolation of hantavirus from serum, detection of virus-specific IgM, or a four-fold change in IgG titers during the acute and convalescent periods measured using an immunofluorescence assay (IFA). However, these tests are inefficient for early diagnosis. Therefore, this study investigated the usefulness of reverse-transcriptase nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-nPCR) for early diagnosis of HFRS using clinical samples such as urine and serum. Electronic medical records of eight patients with confirmed HFRS using IFA and RT-nPCR between May 2016 and May 2020 at Chosun University Hospital were reviewed. The virus was detected in all patients using RT-nPCR targeting the large (L) segment of hantavirus during the early phase in urine and serum. Importantly, the virus was identified in urine at a time when it was not identified in serum. Additionally, the virus was detected in urine and serum for up to 1 month after initial presentation with illness, but not in saliva, using RT-nPCR. We report eight HFRS cases diagnosed using urine and serum, but not using saliva, with RT-nPCR targeting the L-segment. Hantavirus RNA detection by RT-nPCR in urine and serum may aid the rapid diagnosis of HFRS during the early phase of the disease. In particular, HFRS should not be ruled out based on negative RT-PCR results in serum, and RT-PCR should be performed using urine as well as serum during the early phase of symptoms.

15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16764, 2021 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408188

RESUMO

We designed a highly sensitive reverse transcription nested polymerase chain reaction targeting the M-segment (NPCR-M) of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) virus. NPCR-M was performed in parallel with three other referenced PCR assays QPCR-S, PCR-M, and NPCR-S to assess their clinical usefulness as routine diagnostic techniques for SFTS. In this multi-centered prospective study, 122 blood samples from 38 laboratory-confirmed SFTS patients and 85 control samples were used. The results demonstrated that QPCR-S and NPCR-S had better sensitivity rate up to 21 days after symptom onset however, the PCR-M showed poor sensitivity after 7 days of symptom onset. Our designed NPCR-M had a higher detection rate up to 40 days from symptom onset and revealed the persistence of SFTSV RNA in the early convalescent phase. No false-positive results were seen for the control samples. Additionally, NPCR-M showed positive results for a sample that initially showed negative results from other PCRs and for many other samples collected in the convalescent phase of SFTS. Our designed nested PCR is suitable for SFTSV detection in patients' blood collected in the acute and early convalescent phase of SFTS, and shows better sensitivity and high specificity even up to 40 days after symptom onset.


Assuntos
Phlebovirus , RNA Viral , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Febre Grave com Síndrome de Trombocitopenia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Phlebovirus/genética , Phlebovirus/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Viral/sangue , RNA Viral/genética , Febre Grave com Síndrome de Trombocitopenia/sangue , Febre Grave com Síndrome de Trombocitopenia/diagnóstico , Febre Grave com Síndrome de Trombocitopenia/genética
17.
J Cancer ; 12(18): 5385-5393, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405001

RESUMO

The sodium-dependent vitamin C transporter 2 (SVCT2) surface glycoprotein regulates ascorbate accumulation in the plasma, often resulting in the induction of cancer cell death. Therefore, high expression of this gene associates with increased overall survival in several cancers. However, in colorectal cancer (CRC), high (likely mutated) SVCT2 expression relates to poor overall survival, and its functional significance has not been studied. Thus, we hypothesize that mutant SVCT2 expression could affect CRC patient survival. According to biological databases, SVCT2 has been found to be mutated frequently, and SVCT2 E264K has a particularly high pathogenic score (0.98), compared to other SVCT2 mutant sites, in CRC patients. Interestingly, our results reveal expression of SVCT2 E264K in many CRC tissues and cells. Also, we found wild-type SVCT2 expression to be largely localized to the cytoplasm and membrane, while SVCT2 E264K was restricted to the cytoplasm. We further found that SVCT2 E264K overexpression increases cell growth. By contrast, SVCT2 E264K knockdown significantly reduced cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis, resulting in inhibition of cell invasion and migration. Taken together, SVCT2 E264K plays a critical role in proliferation in CRC. Our results suggest that SVCT2 E264K could be a promising novel therapeutic target in CRC.

18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 803, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical spectrum of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is wide, which can range from fever to multiple organ failure. Conservative therapy plays a key role in the treatment of SFTS. However, severe cases of SFTS, such as fulminant myocarditis, may require mechanical hemodynamic support. CASE PRESENTATION: This report presents a case of a 59-year old woman diagnosed with SFTS by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. The patient had no initial symptoms of cardiac involvement and rapidly developed hemodynamic instability 3 days after hospitalization. She suffered from chest pain and had elevated cardiac enzymes. In the absence of atrio-ventricular conduction abnormalities, left ventricular dysfunction, and coronary artery abnormalities by coronary angiography, she was diagnosed with fulminant myocarditis. At that time, her pulse rate nearly dropped to 0 bpm and she developed near complete akinesia of the heart despite vasopressor administration. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was initiated with other supportive measures and she fully recovered after 21 days. CONCLUSIONS: This case indicates that SFTS can cause fulminant myocarditis even without evidence of cardiac involvement at presentation. When symptoms and/or signs of acute heart failure develop in patients with SFTS, myocarditis should be suspected and the patient should be promptly evaluated. Additionally, mechanical hemodynamic support like ECMO can be a lifesaving tool in the treatment of fulminant myocarditis.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Coração Auxiliar , Miocardite , Febre Grave com Síndrome de Trombocitopenia , Feminino , Coração , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/complicações , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/terapia
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to (1) define treatment failure using the referred patient acceptable symptomatic state (PASS) values for pain visual analog scale (PVAS), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form (ASES), and Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE) clinical scores and (2) identify the factors that lead to patient dissatisfaction after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR). METHODS: We analyzed the arthroscopic rotator cuff surgery registry data from January 2015 to December 2016. Patients were followed for ≥2 years and categorized as dissatisfied or satisfied based on our own definition of treatment failure at 2 years postoperatively. For defining treatment failure, the referred PASS values for the PVAS, ASES, and SANE scores were used. Patients who failed to attain the PASS value for the PVAS, ASES, or SANE score were categorized into the dissatisfied group. Pre- and postoperative imaging and basic demographic data were compared between groups. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the factors affecting patient satisfaction at 2 years after rotator cuff repair. RESULTS: Of 117 patients, 30 (25.6%) were defined as the dissatisfied group (mean follow-up period, 37.5 months). Seventeen patients (14.5%) had confirmed retear on follow-up magnetic resonance imaging. In the univariate analysis, sex significantly differed between the groups (female, satisfied vs. dissatisfied groups: 39 [44.8%] vs. 22 [73.3%]; P = .010). Retear alone did not affect patient satisfaction in the univariate analysis (P = .11). Progressed retear size featured a significantly higher risk of patient dissatisfaction (P = .024; odds ratio 6.430, 95% confidence interval 1.270-32.541) in the multivariable analysis using symptom duration, sex, preoperative ASES score, preoperative tear size, retear, and progressed retear size as variables. Moreover, female sex had an increased odds for dissatisfaction (odds ratio 4.646, 95% confidence interval 1.590-13.578; P = .005). CONCLUSION: Two years after ARCR, most patients (74.4%) reported satisfaction with their outcomes. However, satisfaction levels can be altered by female sex or progressed retear size compared with the preoperative state.

20.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 105(3): 801-806, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228635

RESUMO

Hantaviruses are Bunyaviridae viruses that cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. Appendicitis caused by Hantaan virus has not been reported previously. An 81-year-old man who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy for suspected appendicitis based on abdominal pain, fever, hypotension, and computed tomography findings. Based on a suspicion of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, the patient's plasma was simultaneously analyzed using an indirect immunofluorescent antibody assay and nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The appendix tissue was also analyzed using nested RT-PCR and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining to identify the presence of Hantaan virus. Nested RT-PCR detected the presence of Hantaan virus, and indirect immunofluorescent antibody assay results revealed the presence of elevated antibody levels. Furthermore, IHC staining of the appendix tissue confirmed Hantaan virus antigens in the peripheral nerve bundle. Based on these findings, we confirmed the nerve tropism of the Hantaan virus. Hantaan virus in plasma and appendix tissue samples was confirmed using PCR and phylogenetic tree analysis. Moreover, we detected hypertrophy of the submucosa and periappendiceal adipose tissue nerve bundle along with Hantaan virus antigens in peripheral nerve bundles using IHC staining. Hence, we report that Hantaan virus infection may be accompanied by appendicitis.


Assuntos
Apendicite/virologia , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/diagnóstico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/etiologia , Apendicite/patologia , Apendicite/cirurgia , Apêndice/patologia , Apêndice/virologia , Vírus Hantaan/genética , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
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