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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013378

RESUMO

Graphene is one of the most promising materials for photodetectors due to its ability to convert photons into hot carriers within approximately 50 fs and generate long-lived thermalized states with lifetimes longer than 1 ps. In this study, we demonstrate a wide-range vertical photodetector comprising a graphene/h-BN/Au heterostructure in which a h-BN insulating layer is inserted between an Au electrode and graphene photo absorber. The photocarriers effectively tunnel through the small hole barrier (1.93 eV) at the Au/h-BN junction while the dark carriers are highly suppressed by a large electron barrier (2.27 eV) at the graphene/h-BN junction. Thus, an extremely low dark current of ~10-13 A is achieved, which is 8 orders of magnitude lower than graphene lateral photodetector devices (~10-5 A). Also, our device displays an asymmetric photo-response behavior due to photo-thermionic emission at the graphene/h-BN and Au/h-BN junctions. The asymmetric behavior generates additional thermal carriers (hot carriers) to enables our device to generate photocurrents that can overcome the Schottky barrier. Furthermore, our device shows the highest value of Iph/Idark ratio ~225 at 7 nm-thick of h-BN insulating, which has 3 orders of magnitude larger than in previous reported graphene lateral photodetectors without any active materials. In addition, we achieve a fast response speed of 12 µs of rise time and 5 µs of fall time about 100 times faster than other graphene integrated photodetectors.

2.
Clin Neuroradiol ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034460

RESUMO

Correction to: Clin Neuroradiol 2019 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00062-019-00793-1The original version of this article unfortunately contained some mistakes. The Institutional Review Board number was given wrongly in the Methods/Participants section and in the Compliance with ethical guidelines/Ethical.

3.
J Nutr Biochem ; 79: 108337, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018113

RESUMO

Atherogenic diet (AD) decreased bone density and increased serum cholesterol level in male mice, implying that cholesterol participates in bone loss. The aim of the present study was to identify the cells responsible for bone loss and evaluate the involved mechanism. AD resulted in increased number and surface of osteoclasts (OCs) with in vivo tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining, suggesting a critical role of OCs in cholesterol-induced bone loss. In vitro, cholesterol loading by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) increased the size and number of OCs as well as bone resorption activity, suggesting that cholesterol loading affects the number and activity of OCs. In contrast, cholesterol depletion by simvastatin decreased osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. oxLDL stimulated osteoblasts (OBs) to increase expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (RANKL), resulting in increased OC formation when OBs were co-cultured with bone marrow derived macrophages. oxLDL increased expression of CD36 and liver X receptors (LXRα) in OCs as well as low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and LXRα in OBs. These results suggest that CD36 and LXRα mediate the effect of oxLDL in OCs, whereas LDLR and LXRα mediate the effect of oxLDL in OBs. These findings demonstrate cholesterol-induced bone loss with increasing number and activity of OCs in mice, suggesting another harmful effect of cholesterol, a major cause of atherosclerosis.

4.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970401

RESUMO

Protein lysine acetylation, one of the most abundant post-translational modifications in eukaryotes, occurs in prokaryotes as well. Despite the evidence of lysine acetylation in bacterial RNA polymerases (RNAPs), its function remains unknown. We found that the housekeeping sigma factor (HrdB) was acetylated throughout the growth of an actinobacterium, Streptomyces venezuelae, and the acetylated HrdB was enriched in the RNAP holoenzyme complex. The lysine (K259) located between 1.2 and 2 regions of the sigma factor, was determined to be the acetylated residue of HrdB in vivo by LC-MS/MS analyses. Specifically, the label-free quantitative analysis revealed that the K259 residues of all the HrdB subunits were acetylated in the RNAP holoenzyme. Using mutations that mimic or block acetylation (K259Q and K259R), we found that K259 acetylation enhances the interaction of HrdB with the RNAP core enzyme as well as the binding activity of the RNAP holoenzyme to target promoters in vivo. Taken together, these findings provide a novel insight into an additional layer of modulation of bacterial RNAP activity.

5.
Appl Ergon ; 85: 103003, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929024

RESUMO

Recent technical advances have enabled the creation of mobile dialysis device prototypes. These prototypes have been tested for their ability to allow an individual to be dialyzed continuously rather than sporadically. The most recent prototype of a mobile dialysis device aims at increased functionality, which suggests that human factors issues (e.g., efficiency, bulkiness, and weight) are now considered carefully. This study describes advances in the design of an Ambulatory Kidney to Improve Vitality (AKTIV), using an interview protocol during the early stages of product development to capture patients' and caregivers' reactions. The AKTIV has the potential to improve patients' quality of life and decrease mortality rates. The goal of our study is to examine patients' and caregivers' design preferences and feature considerations for an AKTIV. We interviewed 22 participants (age M = 57.50, SD = 13.30), of whom 12 were female and 16 were patients. A pre-interview survey was distributed to the participants, and semi-structured interviews were subsequently held. The pre-interview results show that the belt and backpack designs were preferred over the shoulder bag and distributed designs. The participants also indicated on their pre-interview forms that safety and accuracy were more important to them than attachment ease, comfort, compactness, or operational simplicity. Invisibility and mobility were frequently mentioned when determining the strengths of each of the five design types during the interviews. Finally, individual differences in preferences for the various design types and attributes were identified. The results from our study have important implications for improving efficiency, effectiveness, and user satisfaction in relation to AKTIV prototypes and products. The findings from this interview study will help to ensure engineers and clinicians have target parameters for redesigning the AKTIV.

6.
Cells ; 9(1)2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935914

RESUMO

The interleukin-22 (IL-22) signaling pathway is well known to be involved in the progression of various cancer types but its role in bone metastatic breast cancer remains unclear. We demonstrate using human GEO profiling that bone metastatic breast cancer displays elevated interleukin-22 receptor 1 (IL-22R1) and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1) expression. Importantly, IL-22 stimuli promoted the expression of IL-22R1 and S1PR1 in aggressive MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. IL-22 treatment also increased sphingosine-1-phosphate production in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and induced the sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)-mediated chemotactic migration of MDA-MB-231 cells. This effect was inhibited by an S1P antagonist. In addition to the S1PR1 axis, IL-22 stimulated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), thereby promoting breast cancer cell invasion. Moreover, IL-22 induced IL22R1 and S1PR1 expression in macrophages, myeloid cell, and MCP1 expression in MSCs to facilitate macrophage infiltration. Immunohistochemistry indicated that IL-22R1 and S1PR1 are overexpressed in invasive malignant breast cancers and that this correlates with the MMP-9 levels. Collectively, our present results indicate a potential role of IL-22 in driving the metastasis of breast cancers into the bone microenvironment through the IL22R1-S1PR1 axis.

7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 334, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953387

RESUMO

Stomach and intestinal stem cells are located in discrete niches called the isthmus and crypt, respectively. Recent studies have demonstrated a surprisingly conserved role for Wnt signaling in gastrointestinal development. Although intestinal stromal cells secrete Wnt ligands to promote stem cell renewal, the source of stomach Wnt ligands is still unclear. Here, by performing single cell analysis, we identify gastrointestinal stromal cell populations with transcriptome signatures that are conserved between the stomach and intestine. In close proximity to epithelial cells, these perictye-like cells highly express telocyte and pericyte markers as well as Wnt ligands, and they are enriched for Hh signaling. By analyzing mice activated for Hh signaling, we show a conserved mechanism of GLI2 activation of Wnt ligands. Moreover, genetic inhibition of Wnt secretion in perictye-like stromal cells or stromal cells more broadly demonstrates their essential roles in gastrointestinal regeneration and development, respectively, highlighting a redundancy in gastrointestinal stem cell niches.

8.
Epilepsy Behav ; 102: 106719, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805508

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in stigma, disclosure management of epilepsy, and knowledge about epilepsy between patients with epilepsy who recognized and did not recognize the new Korean term for epilepsy. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, multicenter study. The Stigma Scale-Revised, the Disclosure Management Scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and a questionnaire assessing knowledge about epilepsy were used. The set of questionnaires had two versions, using either the old or new name for epilepsy. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used. RESULTS: A total of 341 patients with epilepsy and 509 family members were recruited. Approximately 62% of patients felt some degree of epilepsy-related stigma. Mild stigma, severe concealment of epilepsy diagnosis, and increased knowledge about epilepsy were independently identified as factors associated with recognition of the new term in patients. Recognition of the new term was more prevalent in patients and family members with higher education, female family members, and family members having patients with younger age at seizure onset and shorter duration of epilepsy. There were no significant differences between the two types of questionnaires. About 81% of patients and 93% of family members had a positive attitude about renaming epilepsy. CONCLUSION: The use of the new Korean term for epilepsy (cerebroelectric disorder) increased knowledge about epilepsy but did not reduce stigma and concealment of epilepsy diagnosis in Korean adults with epilepsy. Higher education may be an important factor for knowing the new term in patients and family members.

9.
Cancer Lett ; 469: 256-265, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672492

RESUMO

Stroma-derived exosomal microRNA (exomiR) contributes to tumor progression, however, which remains poorly understood. In our study, we analyzed exomiRs from the cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF) and normal fibroblast (NF) isolated from an invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) patient and found that the level of microRNA (miR)-4516 was approximately 5-fold lower in CAF-derived exosomes than NF-derived ones. In gene annotation analysis, miR-4516 target genes were mainly associated with the regulation of proliferation. miR-4516 overexpression or mimic treatment suppressed the proliferation of breast cancer cells, especially triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Among miR-4516 targets, FOSL1 was overexpressed in TNBC cells compared to non-TNBC cells and promoted tumor proliferation. The expression of miR-4516 and FOSL1 was reversely correlated in breast cancer patient tissues. Particularly, TNBC patients with high FOSL1 expression showed a significant poorer survival than those with low FOSL1 expression. Our results show that the loss of miR-4516 from CAF-derived exosomes is associated with FOSL1-dependent TNBC progression and suggest that miR-4516 can be used as an anti-cancer drug for TNBC.

10.
Phytomedicine ; 66: 153107, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gomisin A is a lignan isolated from the hexane of Schisandra chinensis fruit extract with antioxidant properties. Oxidative stress mediated by high glucose is one of the major complications of diabetes mellitus. PURPOSE: This study investigates the role of gomisin A in osteoblast differentiation under high glucose-induced oxidative stress in MC3T3 E1 cells and determines its relationship with heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and mitochondrial biogenesis. METHODS: MC3T3 E1 cells were treated by gomisin A following induced by high glucose levels and glucose oxidase to investigate the inhibitory effect of gomisin A against high glucose oxidative stress. Western blot analysis, alizarin red staining, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, analysis of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and confocal microscopy were used to determine mitochondrial biogenesis, oxidative stress, osteoblast differentiation and mineralization. To analyze the role of HO-1, the MC3T3 E1 cells were treated with the HO-1 inhibitor zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP). RESULTS: Gomisin A enhanced the expression of HO-1, increased mitochondrial biogenesis factors (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha, nuclear respiratory factor-1, and mitochondrial transcription factor A), antioxidant enzymes (copper-zinc superoxide dismutases and manganese superoxide dismutase), osteoblast differentiation molecules (bone morphogenic protein-2/7, osteoprotegerin and Runt-related transcription factor-2) and mineralization by upregulation of ALP and alizarin red staining, which were decreased by ZnPP and high glucose oxidative stress. Similarly, gomisin A inhibited ROS which was increased by ZnPP and the high glucose-mediated oxidative stress. CONCLUSIONS: The findings demonstrated the antioxidative effects of gomisin A, and its role in mitochondrial biogenesis and osteoblast differentiation. It potentially regulated osteoblast differentiation under high glucose-induced oxidative stress via upregulation of HO-1 and maintenance of mitochondrial homeostasis. Thus, gomisin A may represent a potential therapeutic agent for prevention of bone fragility fractures and implant failure triggered by diabetes.

11.
Exp Cell Res ; 386(1): 111706, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697927

RESUMO

Krüppel-like factor 15 (KLF15) is a well-known transcription factor associated with podocyte injury and fibrosis. Recently, hypertensive nephropathy was discovered to be closely related to podocyte injury and fibrosis. However, methods to stimulate hypertension in vitro are lacking. Here, we constructed an in vitro model mimicking hypertension using a rotational force device to identify the role of KLF15 in fibrosis due to mechanically induced hypertensive injury. First, we found that KLF15 expression was decreased in patients with hypertensive nephropathy. Then, an in vitro study of hypertension due to rotational force was conducted, and an increase in fibrosis markers and decrease in KLF15 levels were determined after application of 4 mmHg pressure in primary cultured human podocytes. KLF15 and tight junction protein levels increased with retinoic acid treatment. siRNA-mediated inhibition of KLF15 exacerbated pressure-induced fibrosis injury, and KLF15 expression after treatment with angiotensin II was similar to that observed after treatment with the blood pressure modeling device. Furthermore, the reduced KLF15 levels after mechanical pressure application were restored after the administration of an antihypertensive drug. KLF15 expression was also low in vivo. We confirmed the protective role of KLF15 in fibrosis using a mechanically induced in vitro model of hypertensive injury.

12.
Eur Radiol ; 30(1): 672, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359121

RESUMO

The original version of this article, published on 22 March 2019, unfortunately contained a mistake. The following correction has therefore been made in the original: Affiliations 1 and 2 were presented incorrectly.

13.
Cells ; 8(12)2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817755

RESUMO

Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is a cytokine with important functions in host defense and inflammatory responses and has recently been suggested to play a role in immune-inflammatory system in the context of obesity and its metabolic consequences. The specific cellular targets and mechanisms of IL-22-mediated obesity are largely unknown however. We here identified a previously unknown subset of monocyte-derived Duffy antigen receptors for chemokines (DARC)+ macrophages in epididymal fat adipose tissue and found that they are preferentially recruited into the crown-like structures of adipose tissue in the mouse upon high fat diet-induced obesity. Importantly, DARC+ macrophages highly express the IL-22 receptor (IL-22Ra1). Exposure to recombinant IL-22 shifts macrophages to an alternative M2 polarization pathway and augments DARC expression via a STAT5b signaling axis. STAT5b directly binds to the DARC promoter and a STAT5 inhibitor abrogates the IL-22-mediated induction of DARC. These M2-like DARC+ subpopulations of monocytes/macrophages were elevated in obese db/db mice compared to WT lean mice. Furthermore, subsets of CD14+ and/or CD16+ monocytes/macrophages within human peripheral blood mononuclear cell populations express DARC and the prevalence of these subsets is enhanced by IL-22 stimuli. This suggested that IL-22 is a critical cytokine that promotes the infiltration of adipose tissue macrophages, that regulate inflammatory processes. Taken together, our present findings provide important insights into the molecular mechanism by which IL-22 signal modulates DARC expression in M2-like macrophages.

14.
Diagn Pathol ; 14(1): 133, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interpretation of mediastinal biopsy is often challenging even for experienced pathologists especially when a hematolymphoid neoplasm is suspected. Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBCL) and classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) represent two major types of mature B-cell lymphomas of the mediastinum. Although PMLBCL and mediastinal CHL share many clinicopathologic characteristics, their treatment strategies and responses are remarkably different. We therefore aimed to find distinctive histologic or protein markers to better differentiate these two lesions. METHODS: Search for primary mediastinal B-cell lymphomas found 52 consecutive cases from 3 university hospitals of Korea during 2005 to 2012. Among them, 32 cases that were available for additional immunohistochemistry (IHC) assessment were enrolled in this study. These cases consisted of the following: CHL (N = 13), PMLBCL (N = 16), and B-cell lymphoma unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and CHL (gray zone lymphoma, N = 3). Along with the clinicopathologic findings, the expression of p63, GATA3 and cyclin E was investigated by IHC in the three categorized lesions mentioned above. RESULTS: Most clinical features overlapped between PMLBCL and CHL except for the increased disease progression and mortality found in PMLBCL. In the pathologic review, the presence of epithelioid granuloma favored a diagnosis of CHL, whereas reticulated or alveolar patterns of fibrosis were characteristic of PMLBCL. For protein markers, p63 was predominantly positive in PMLBCL (15/16) compared with CHL (2/13), which indicates that p63 is a marker of the highest diagnostic accuracy when calculated by the area under the ROC curve. GATA3 was expressed in the majority of CHL cases (10/13) compared with PMLBCL (0/16), while the expression of cyclin E was only rarely present in a minor population of PMLBCL. CONCLUSIONS: P63 expression in tumor cells, even focal expression, and no GATA3 is the most helpful feature in distinguishing PMLBCL from mediastinal CHL.

15.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; : 1-10, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865329

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute pyelonephritis (APN) is a common infection during pregnancy that increases the risk of unfavorable maternal and fetal outcomes. However, it has not been clearly elucidated which demographic and clinical characteristics are associated with the incidence of APN during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: This population-based cohort study aimed to determine the risk factors for APN during pregnancy. METHODS: Using the database of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service of South Korea, we enrolled Korean women who delivered infants between 2010 and 2014 in Korea and had complete health examination records within 1 year of pregnancy. We performed multivariate logistic regression analysis to evaluate the risk factors for APN during pregnancy. RESULTS: Of 370,248 women, 2,526 (0.7% of the total participants) were treated for APN while in hospitalization during pregnancy. Younger age, history of previous APN within 1 year of pregnancy, and abnormal results of health examination before pregnancy, such as high fasting glucose level (>100 mg/dL) and proteinuria, were associated with an increased risk of APN during pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Certain maternal demographic and clinical characteristics were associated with the incidence of APN during pregnancy, and these should be monitored closely during antenatal care.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18233, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852086

RESUMO

Percutaneous epidural neuroplasty (PEN) is an effective interventional treatment for radicular pain. However, in some cases, contrast runoff to the spinal nerve root does not occur. We investigated whether contrast runoff to the spinal nerve root affects the success rate of PEN and whether additional transforaminal epidural blocks for intentional contrast runoff affect the success rate of PEN in cases in which contrast runoff is absent.This study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT03867630) in March 2019. We reviewed the medical records of 112 patients who underwent PEN with a wire-type catheter from May 2016 to August 2018. Patients were divided in 3 groups (Runoff group, Non-runoff group, Transforaminal group).Patients with low back pain and leg radicular pain who did not respond to lumbar epidural steroid injectionsPEN was performed in 112 patients with a wire-type catheter in target segment. We compared the success rate of PEN betweenThe success rate was significantly different between the Runoff group and the Non-runoff group (P < .0007) and between the Non-runoff group and the Transforaminal group (P = .0047), but not between the Runoff group and the Transforaminal group (P = .57).Contrast runoff influenced the success rate of PEN. In cases without contrast runoff, additional transforaminal epidural blocks for intentional contrast runoff increased the success rate of PEN with a wire-type catheter.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural/instrumentação , Cateteres , Dor Lombar/terapia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Injeções Epidurais/métodos , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico , Região Lombossacral , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17679, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776362

RESUMO

Adequate fluid management plays an important role in decreasing cardiovascular risk in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We evaluated whether strict volume control monitored by bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) affects cardiac function in PD patients. This study is a secondary analysis of a multicentre, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Fluid overload was assessed by the average overhydration/extracellular water (OH/ECW) at baseline, 6 months and 12 months. Patients were categorized as time-averaged overhydrated (TA-OH/ECW ≥15%) or normohydrated (TA-OH/ECW <15%), and echocardiographic parameters were compared between groups. Among a total of 151 patients, 120 patients exhibited time-averaged normohydration. Time-averaged overhydrated patients had a significantly higher left atrial (LA) diameter and E/e' ratio and a lower left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction at 12 months than time-averaged normohydrated patients. LA diameter, end-systolic volume and end-diastolic volume were decreased at 12 months compared to baseline in time-averaged normohydrated patients only. TA-OH/ECW was independently associated with ejection fraction at 12 months (ß = -0.190; p = 0.010). TA-OH/ECW, but not OH/ECW at 12 months, was an independent risk factor for LV dysfunction (odds ratio 4.020 [95% confidence interval 1.285-12.573]). Overhydration status based on repeated BIS measurements is an independent predictor of LV systolic function in PD patients.

18.
Cells ; 8(11)2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683954

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential canonical channel-6 (TRPC6) is one of the Ca2+-permeable non-selective cation channels. TRPC6 is mainly expressed in dentate granule cell (DGC), which is one of the most resistant neuronal populations to various harmful stresses. Although TRPC6 knockdown evokes the massive DGC degeneration induced by status epilepticus (a prolonged seizure activity, SE), the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of TRPC6 in DGC viability in response to SE are still unclear. In the present study, hyperforin (a TRPC6 activator) facilitated mitochondrial fission in DGC concomitant with increases in Lon protease-1 (LONP1, a mitochondrial protease) expression and extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation under physiological conditions, which were abrogated by U0126 (an ERK1/2 inhibitor) co-treatment. TRPC6 knockdown showed the opposite effects on LONP1 expression, ERK1/2 activity, and mitochondrial dynamics. In addition, TRPC6 siRNA and U0126 evoked the massive DGC degeneration accompanied by mitochondrial elongation following SE, independent of seizure severity. However, LONP1 siRNA exacerbated SE-induced DGC death without affecting mitochondrial length. These findings indicate that TRPC6-ERK1/2 activation may increase DGC invulnerability to SE by regulating LONP1 expression as well as mitochondrial dynamics. Therefore, TRPC6-ERK1/2-LONP1 signaling pathway will be an interesting and important therapeutic target for neuroprotection from various neurological diseases.

19.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 49(5): 505-514, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672945

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to introduce and elucidate changes in Strauss and Corbin's grounded theory and discuss its application to the field of nursing in South Korea. METHODS: The changes in grounded theory by Strauss and Corbin were examined through a literature review of grounded theory from its inception. RESULTS: Strauss and Corbin acknowledged their philosophical backgrounds of symbolic interactionism and pragmatism; however, their methodology based on positivism overwhelmed their epistemology and ontology. This inconsistency has been represented by the coding paradigm and the premise of "emergent from the data." In the revised version of Basics, Strauss and Corbin modified their theory to weaken the coding paradigm and strengthen the strategies for the development of substantive theory. CONCLUSION: Strauss and Corbin's revised grounded theory did not fully address the inconsistency of their epistemology and ontology between their acknowledgement and methodology. However, these changes constitute a meaningful step toward resolving inconsistencies and highlight the development of substantive theory. This has implications for Korean nursing researchers who have utilized methodologies in grounded theory with dogmatic approaches; grounded theory, with its evolving nature, is not a finalized method and calls for open approaches for the development of a grounded theory that fits Korean nursing.

20.
Epilepsy Behav ; 101(Pt A): 106569, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675602

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine social anxiety in South Korean adults with epilepsy and to identify associated factors. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional, multicenter study in South Korea. Social anxiety was assessed using short forms of the Social Phobia Scale (SPS-6) and Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS-6). The SPS-6 scores ≥9 and SIAS-6 scores ≥12 were considered indicative of social phobia and social interaction anxiety, respectively. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9); Stigma Scale-Revised (SS-R); Disclosure Management Scale; Family Adaptation, Partnership, Growth, Affection, Resolve (F-APGAR) scale; and a questionnaire assessing knowledge about epilepsy were also used. RESULTS: Of a total of 219 patients with epilepsy, 21% and 11% had SPS-6 scores ≥9 and SIAS-6 scores ≥12, respectively. In logistic regression analysis, SPS-6 scores ≥9 were independently associated with SS-R scores of 4-9 (odds ratio [OR]: 8.626, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.515-29.587, p = .001), SS-R scores 1-3 (OR: 5.496, 95% CI: 1.757-17.197, p = .003), and PHQ-9 scores ≥10 (OR: 4.092, 95% CI: 1.823-9.185, p = .001). In contrast, SIAS-6 scores ≥12 were related only to PHQ-9 scores ≥10 (OR: 8.740, 95% CI: 3.237-23.599, p < .001). Belonging to a dysfunctional family and lack of knowledge about epilepsy tended to be associated with social phobia (p = .071) and social interaction anxiety (p = .090), respectively. Epilepsy-related variables were not related to social anxiety. CONCLUSION: Social anxiety is not rare in patients with epilepsy. In this study, social phobia was associated with perceived stigma and depressive symptoms, whereas social interaction anxiety was related only to depressive symptoms in patients with epilepsy.

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