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1.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809992

RESUMO

Previous imaging studies have shown the morphological malformation and the alterations of ionic mobility, water contents, electrical properties, or metabolites in seizure brains. Magnetic resonance electrical properties tomography (MREPT) is a recently developed technique for the measurement of electrical tissue properties with a high frequency that provides cellular information regardless of the cell membrane. In this study, we examined the possibility of MREPT as an applicable technique to detect seizure-induced functional changes in the brain of rats. Ultra-high field (9.4 T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed, 2 h, 2 days, and 1 week after the injection of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA; 75 mg/kg). The conductivity images were reconstructed from B1 phase images using a magnetic resonance conductivity imaging (MRCI) toolbox. The high-frequency conductivity was significantly decreased in the hippocampus among various brain regions of NMDA-treated rats. Nissl staining showed shrunken cell bodies and condensed cytoplasm potently at 2 h after NMDA treatment, and neuronal cell loss at all time points in the hippocampus. These results suggest that the reduced electrical conductivity may be associated with seizure-induced neuronal loss in the hippocampus. Magnetic resonance (MR)-based electrical conductivity imaging may be an applicable technique to non-invasively identify brain damage after a seizure.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789036

RESUMO

Background: Guidelines by the Endocrine Society Guideline on bypassing adrenal vein sampling (AVS) in patients <35 years old with marked primary aldosteronism (PA) (hypokalemia and elevated plasma aldosterone concentration [PAC]) and a unilateral lesion on computed tomography (CT) are based on limited number of studies. We aimed to determine the accuracy of CT in PA patients according to age. Methods: In this retrospective study, we investigated the concordance between CT and AVS in 466 PA patients from two tertiary centers who successfully underwent AVS. Results: CT had an overall accuracy of 64.4% (300/466). In the group with unilateral lesion, patients with hypokalemia had higher concordance than those without hypokalemia (85.0% vs. 43.6%, P<0.001). In the group with marked PA (hypokalemia and PAC >15.9 ng/dL) and unilateral lesion, accuracy of CT was 84.6% (11/13) in patients aged <35 years; 100.0% (20/20), aged 35 to 39 years; 89.4% (59/66), aged 40 to 49 years; and 79.8% (79/99), aged ≥50 years. Cut-off age and PAC for concordance was <50 years and >29.6 ng/dL, respectively. The significant difference in accuracy of CT in 198 patients with marked PA and a unilateral lesion between the <50-year age group and ≥50-year age group (90.9% vs. 79.8%, P=0.044) disappeared in 139 of 198 patients with PAC > 30.0 ng/dL (91.9% vs. 87.7%, P=0.590). Conclusion: Patients with hypokalemia, PAC >30.0 ng/dL, and unilateral lesion were at high risk of unilateral PA regardless of age.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744984

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the evolution of type 3 neovascularization in eyes with age-related macular degeneration during anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) analysis. METHODS: Forty-one treatment-naïve eyes (37 patients) with type 3 neovascularization were retrospectively included in the study. The growth and morphological changes in the type 3 lesions, which were recorded using OCTA, were compared across time. RESULTS: The high-flow signal of the lesion on OCTA was significantly increased at the sub-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and the choriocapillaris during anti-VEGF treatment. The detection rate of the flow signal in the sub-RPE increased from 50.0% at baseline and 51.2% at 12 months to 65.9% at 24 months (P = 0.013). The flow signal extending into the choriocapillaris was detected in 0% of the eyes at baseline, 9.8% of the eyes at 12 months, and 17.1% of the eyes at 24 months (P = 0.018). The presence of subretinal drusenoid deposits (SDD) was significantly more frequent in the group with extension into the choriocapillaris (100%) than in the group without (61.8%, P = 0.036). For the four eyes with extension into the choroid, the morphological feature of the lesion on en face OCTA evolved into a tangled vascular network, similar to type 1 neovascularization. CONCLUSION: OCTA analysis revealed that type 3 neovascularization gradually extended downward toward the sub-RPE and choroid during anti-VEGF treatment. The extension of the lesion into the choriocapillaris, suggesting retinal-choroidal anastomosis, was significantly more frequent in eyes with SDD.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(4)2021 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672958

RESUMO

Recent studies have reported that changes in gut microbiota composition could induce neuropsychiatric problems. In this study, we investigated alterations in gut microbiota induced by early-life stress (ELS) in rats subjected to maternal separation (MS; 6 h a day, postnatal days (PNDs) 1-21), along with changes in inflammatory cytokines and tryptophan-kynurenine (TRP-KYN) metabolism, and assessed the differences between sexes. High-throughput sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene showed that the relative abundance of the Bacteroides genus was increased and that of the Lachnospiraceae family was decreased in the feces of MS rats of both sexes (PND 56). By comparison, MS increased the relative abundance of the Streptococcus genus and decreased that of the Staphylococcus genus only in males, whereas the abundance of the Sporobacter genus was enhanced and that of the Mucispirillum genus was reduced by MS only in females. In addition, the levels of proinflammatory cytokines were increased in the colons (IFN-γ and IL-6) and sera (IL-1ß) of the male MS rats, together with the elevation of the KYN/TRP ratio in the sera, but not in females. In the hippocampus, MS elevated the level of IL-1ß and the KYN/TRP ratio in both male and female rats. These results indicate that MS induces peripheral and central inflammation and TRP-KYN metabolism in a sex-dependent manner, together with sex-specific changes in gut microbes.

5.
Psychiatry Res ; 299: 113841, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721786

RESUMO

Previous studies have suggested the involvement of Nogo-A/RTN4 in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. We investigated an association between the promoter haplotypes of RTN4 comprised of rs1348528-rs1822618-rs2241958 and schizophrenia. A significant association between the rare TGA haplotype and schizophrenia was shown (p < 0.0001). Additionally, the promoter activity was profoundly decreased by the TGA haplotype. These results suggested that the TGA haplotype of RTN4 may contribute to the susceptibility of schizophrenia.

6.
Complement Ther Med ; 57: 102667, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460741

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program in improving sleep in cancer survivors. METHODS: Four electronic databases (Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, and PsycARTICLES) were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating the effects of MBSR on the sleep of cancer survivors from their inception to May 2020. The primary outcome was sleep quality measured by validated questionnaires such as the Insomnia Severity Index and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The secondary outcomes were sleep parameters obtained from a sleep diary, polysomnography, and actigraphy. The included studies were critically appraised by the Cochrane risk of bias tool and meta-analyzed. RESULTS: Ten studies were included, and nine studies were analyzed quantitatively. MBSR significantly improved sleep quality compared to usual care (standardized mean difference -0.29, 95 % confidence interval -0.55 to -0.04, I2 = 58 %). However, there were no favorable results with sleep parameters. Compared to active controls, MBSR presented mixed results with sleep quality according to the outcomes and negative results with sleep parameters. CONCLUSION: This review suggests that MBSR helps cancer survivors improve sleep quality. Our results support the possibility of using MBSR for cancer survivors. However, its efficacy and effectiveness in improving sleep quality and sleep parameters are inconclusive because the number of included studies was few with inconsistent results. Further studies with high methodological quality are required to establish conclusive evidence about the efficacy and effectiveness of MBSR in improving sleep quality and sleep parameters in cancer survivors.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404679

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the difference in the treatment burden among different types of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: This retrospective, observational study included 431 patients who were diagnosed with neovascular AMD. Patients were divided into three groups: type 1 or 2 neovascularization group (n = 167), type 3 neovascularization group (n = 50), and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) group (n = 214). The number of hospital visits per year and the number of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections per year were compared among these groups. Furthermore, the incidence of bilateral involvement during the follow-up period was compared among the groups. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 50.6 ± 11.3 months. The number of hospital visits per year was significantly higher in the type 1 or 2 neovascularization group (mean: 6.1 ± 1.5) and type 3 neovascularization (6.6 ± 1.6) than in the PCV group (6.0 ± 1.5) (P < 0.001). The number of anti-VEGF injections per year was significantly higher in type 3 neovascularization group (3.1 ± 1.7) than in the type 1 or 2 neovascularization group (2.3 ± 1.5) or the PCV group (2.3 ± 1.2) (P = 0.042). There was a significant difference in the incidence of bilateral involvement among patients in type 1 or 2 neovascularization group (20.4%), type 3 neovascularization group (46.0%), and the PCV group (15.4%) (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The high frequency of hospital visits and that of anti-VEGF injections in patients with type 3 neovascularization suggests high treatment burden in these patients. The high incidence of bilateral involvement could be one of the primary reasons for high treatment burden in patients with type 3 neovascularization.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288688

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent regulated necrosis mediated by lipid peroxidation. Cancer cells survive under metabolic stress conditions by altering lipid metabolism, which may alter their sensitivity to ferroptosis. However, the association between lipid metabolism and ferroptosis is not completely understood. In this study, we found that the expression of elongation of very long-chain fatty acid protein 5 (ELOVL5) and fatty acid desaturase 1 (FADS1) is up-regulated in mesenchymal-type gastric cancer cells (GCs), leading to ferroptosis sensitization. In contrast, these enzymes are silenced by DNA methylation in intestinal-type GCs, rendering cells resistant to ferroptosis. Lipid profiling and isotope tracing analyses revealed that intestinal-type GCs are unable to generate arachidonic acid (AA) and adrenic acid (AdA) from linoleic acid. AA supplementation of intestinal-type GCs restores their sensitivity to ferroptosis. Based on these data, the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) biosynthesis pathway plays an essential role in ferroptosis; thus, this pathway potentially represents a marker for predicting the efficacy of ferroptosis-mediated cancer therapy.

9.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263403

RESUMO

We describe a novel approach for the rational design and synthesis of self-assembled periodic nanostructures using martensitic phase transformations. We demonstrate this approach in a thin film of perovskite SrSnO3 with reconfigurable periodic nanostructures consisting of regularly spaced regions of sharply contrasted dielectric properties. The films can be designed to have different periodicities and relative phase fractions via chemical doping or strain engineering. The dielectric contrast within a single film can be tuned using temperature and laser wavelength, effectively creating a variable photonic crystal. Our results show the realistic possibility of designing large-area self-assembled periodic structures using martensitic phase transformations with the potential of implementing "built-to-order" nanostructures for tailored optoelectronic functionalities.

10.
Acta Radiol ; : 284185120981771, 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The inferior phrenic artery (IPA) is the most common extrahepatic feeder for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) during transhepatic arterial chemoembolization (TACE). PURPOSE: To compare the incidence of diaphragmatic weakness in patients with HCC after TACE of the right IPA conducted using either N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) or gelatin sponge particles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of 111 patients who underwent TACE of the right IPA using NBCA were retrospectively reviewed and compared with data from 135 patients with IPA embolization using gelatin sponge particles. RESULTS: The incidence of diaphragmatic weakness after the initial TACE procedure did not significantly differ between the groups (NBCA group 16.2%; gelatin sponge group 20.7%; P = 0.458). Five patients in the NBCA group and 11 in the gelatin sponge group showed spontaneous resolution of diaphragmatic weakness after a mean period of 3.5 months. Diaphragmatic weakness developed after the initial follow-up visit in 17 patients from the gelatin sponge group due to repeated TACE of the right IPA (mean 2.4 sessions; range 2-4 sessions), while it spontaneously developed without additional TACE procedures in one patient from the NBCA group. Permanent diaphragmatic weakness was less common in the NBCA than in the gelatin sponge group (12.6% and 25.2%, respectively; P = 0.017). The complete response rate did not significantly differ between the groups (NBCA group 16.2%; gelatin sponge group 25.9%; P = 0.065). CONCLUSION: Use of NBCA rather than gelatin sponge particles for TACE of the right IPA resulted in a lower incidence of permanent diaphragmatic weakness.

11.
Acta Radiol ; : 284185120978512, 2020 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To overcome the technical difficulty of bilateral stent-in-stent placement, large cell-type biliary stents have been developed. However, most of the studies using large cell-type stents were conducted with endoscopic method. PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous stent placement with a stent-in-stent method using large cell-type stents in patients with malignant hilar biliary obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From December 2015 and October 2018, 51 patients with malignant hilar biliary obstruction were retrospectively studied. All of the patients underwent bilateral (n=46) or unilateral (n=5) stenting in a T, Y, or X configuration with a stent-in-stent method using large cell-type stents. Technical success, complications, successful internal drainage, stent patency, and patient survival were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 118 stents were successfully placed in 51 patients (100.0%). Three patients had minor complications with self-limiting hemobilia. Major complications were not observed in any patient. Successful internal drainage was achieved in 45 patients (88.2%). Clinical follow-up information until death or the end of the study was available for 50 of 51 patients. The median patient survival was 285.5 days (95% confidence interval [CI] 197-374). Stent dysfunction occurred in 16 patients (35.6%) due to tumor ingrowth (n=9) or tumor ingrowth combined with biliary sludge (n=7) among the patients who achieved successful internal drainage. Median stent patency was 179 days (95% CI 104-271). CONCLUSION: Percutaneous stent-in-stent placement with large cell-type stents is technically feasible and safe, and can be an effective technique in patients with malignant hilar biliary obstruction.

12.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223390

RESUMO

Six patients (mean age, 57.7 y ± 19.7) with persistent urinary fistulae underwent 7 urinary tract embolizations with AMPLATZER Vascular Plugs (AVPs) and glue: 5 with concomitant cavity obliteration with glue and 2 without. A single procedure was successful in resolving urinary leakage in 5 patients (71%) at a mean follow-up of 27.3 wk ± 31.5 (median, 9.7 wk; range, 4.9-80 wk). Repeat cavity embolization was required in 2 instances to achieve clinical success. Mean survival was 42.3 wk (median, 16.4 wk; range, 11.7-104 wk). Combined AVP and glue embolization may prove to be a primary approach in the control of persistent fistulae.

13.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207590

RESUMO

Rare-earth-free permanent magnets have attracted considerable attention due to their favorable properties and applicability for cost-effective, high-efficiency, and sustainable energy devices. However, the magnetic field annealing process, which enhances the performance of permanent magnets, needs to be optimized for different magnetic fields and phases. Therefore, we investigated the effect of composition on the crystallization of amorphous MnBi to the ferromagnetic low-temperature phase (LTP). The optimal compositions and conditions were applied to magnetic field annealing under 2.5 T for elemental Mg- and Sb/Mg pair-substituted MnBi. The optimum MnBi composition for the highest purity LTP was determined to be Mn56Bi44, and its maximum energy product, (BH)max, was 5.62 MGOe. The Mg-substituted MnBi exhibited enhanced squareness (Mr/Ms), coercivity (Hc), and (BH)max values up to 0.8, 9659 Oe, and 5.64 MGOe, respectively, whereas the same values for the Sb/Mg pair-substituted MnBi were 0.76, 7038 Oe, and 5.60 MGOe, respectively. The substitution effects were also investigated using first-principles calculations. The density of states and total magnetic moments of Mn16Bi15Mg and Mn16Bi15Sb were similar to those of pure Mn16Bi16. Conversely, the Sb-substituted MnBi resulted in a dramatic enhancement in the anisotropy constant (K) from a small negative value (-0.85 MJ/m3) to a large positive value (6.042 MJ/m3).

14.
J Thorac Dis ; 12(10): 5440-5445, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209377

RESUMO

Background: Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax is generally managed by surgery, if pneumothorax was not improved following chest tube insertion or in the event of persistent air leakage lasting more than 5 days. However, if surgery is not an option, chemical pleurodesis with sclerosants can be performed. Several sclerosants have been used in the chemical pleurodesis of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax, However, there is still controversy for what is the ideal sclerosant for Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax. The use of Viscum album L. for chemical pleurodesis in patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax aged >65 years has not been described to date, despite its extensive use. The authors tried to find out the effect of Viscum album L. for sclerosant for Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax in elder. Methods: This retrospective analysis examined 25 patients (aged >65 years) with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax with persistent air leakage who underwent chemical pleurodesis with Abnova Viscum-F® (V. album L.). Results: The duration of chest tube drainage was 5.08 days after chemical pleurodesis. Adverse effects related to chemical pleurodesis with Abnova Viscum-F® were fever (7/25), pain (4/25), leukocytosis (10/25), and dyspnea with desaturation (7/25); however all the patients recovered without sequela and were subsequently discharged. Conclusions: The present study demonstrated the successful use of chemical pleurodesis with V. album L. in the management of elderly patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax. Because of the high probability of dyspnea with desaturation in the elderly, caution must be exercised.

15.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141259

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate associations between pathology and CT assessments made according to the mRECIST in HCC treated by conventional TACE (cTACE), and to identify predictors of complete tumor necrosis. METHODS: From March 2016 to July 2018, 83 patients with a total of 100 masses were retrospectively included. Patients underwent sequential cTACE and portal vein embolization, and later hepatic surgery. Evaluation of treatment response and measurement of baseline lipiodol accumulation as mean HU was performed on CT at the time point closest to the time of operation (mean, 54.5 days after cTACE). Significant predictors associated with complete necrosis were identified by multivariate analysis. The optimal cut-off HU value of lipiodol accumulation for prediction of complete necrosis was determined using a ROC analysis. RESULTS: According to mRECIST, complete response (CR, n = 70) and partial response (n = 30) were classified. 34.3% (24/70) masses classified as CR according to mRECIST were found to have viable lesions on pathology. On multivariate analysis, mean HU of lipiodol accumulation was the only significant predictor of complete necrosis (p = .003, odds ratio 1.746, 95% CI 1.201-2.539). On ROC analysis, 460 HU as a cut-off value was significantly associated with complete necrosis (67.4% sensitivity, 75.0% specificity). CONCLUSIONS: A threshold value for lipiodol accumulation > 460 HU was highly sensitive and specific for complete necrosis, even in complete response according to mRECIST. Therefore, if lipiodol accumulation is insufficient in post-TACE CT, recurrence should be monitored more sensitively.

16.
Retina ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136977

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term changes in subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) in eyes with type 3 macular neovascularization (MNV) that underwent anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed with 47 patients diagnosed with type 3 MNV and treated with anti-VEGF therapy. All the patients initially received three loading injections. The SCT was compared at diagnosis, 3 months, 12 months, and at the final follow-up visit. The velocity of changes in SCT was also compared between each time period. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 52.1±11.0 months. The mean SCT was 143.3±51.2 µm at diagnosis, and it had significantly decreased to 128.6±47.4 µm at 3 months (P<0.001), 123.2±45.7 µm at 12 months (P<0.001), and 110.0±43.0 µm at the final follow-up (P<0.001). The mean velocity of the decrease in SCT was 4.9±3.9 µm/month during the first 3 months, 0.6±1.2 µm/month between the 3 and 12 month, and 0.3±0.3 µm/month between the 12 month and final follow-up. The velocity of the decrease was significantly greater during the first 3 months than during the 3 to 12 month (P<0.001) and 12 month to final follow-up (P<0.001) periods. The difference was not significant between the 3 to 12 month and 12 months to final follow-up (P=0.836) time periods. CONCLUSIONS: SCT continuously decreased over time, with a significant decrease of 23% noted in eyes with type 3 MNV. The thickness rapidly decreased during the initial loading phase. Subsequently, a continuous but gradual decrease in the thickness was noted.

17.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(10)2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008007

RESUMO

Patients with cardiopulmonary failure may not be fully supported with typical configurations of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), either veno-arterial (VA) or veno-venous (VV). Veno-arterial-venous (VAV)-ECMO is a technique used to support the cardiopulmonary systems during periods of inadequate gas exchange and perfusion. In the severe case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which simultaneously affects the heart and lung, VAV-ECMO may improve a patient's recovery potential. We report the case of a 72-year-old woman with acute respiratory distress syndrome and circulatory failure following COVID-19, who was treated with VAV-ECMO.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Idoso , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Pandemias
18.
Psychiatry Investig ; 17(11): 1126-1136, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the severity of depression, anxiety, associated risk factors, and cognitive distortion in Korean patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: This study included 369 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The severity of depression and anxiety was examined using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The Anxious Thoughts and Tendencies scale was used to measure catastrophizing tendency. Multivariate regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The predictors of depression were marital status, anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) agent use, age, and body mass index in UC patients and marital status, disease activity, alcohol use, and employment status in CD patients. For anxiety, sex and marital status were the associated factors in UC patients, whereas steroid use was the only significant predictor in CD patients. Comparing the cognitive distortion level, there were no significant differences between UC and CD patients although there was an increasing tendency according to the severity of depression or anxiety. CONCLUSION: If patients are accompanied by high levels of depression or anxiety and their associated risk factors including TNF-α agent or steroid use, it is recommended that not only symptoms are treated but also cognitive approach and evaluation be performed.

19.
Acta Radiol ; : 284185120969952, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: When antegrade ureteral intervention fails due to severe ureteral stricture or tortuosity, a longer sheath can be used to facilitate ureteral catheterization. PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of the use of a long sheath in antegrade ureteral stent placement after failure of antegrade ureteral stent placement using a short sheath. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among 1284 procedures in 934 patients who received ureteral stent placement, a long sheath was used after stricture negotiation failure using a short sheath in 57 (4.4%) procedures in 53 patients. The data of these 53 patients were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The most common reasons for long sheath use were failure of balloon catheter (59.6%) or guidewire (29.8%) advancement across the stricture. Technical success, successful stricture negotiation after using a long sheath, was achieved in 50/57 (87.7%) procedures. In two of seven failed procedures, an additional TIPS sheath was used and the technical success rate improved to 91.2% (52/57). The technical success rate was significantly higher in the patients who have failed balloon catheter advancement (97.1%, 33/34) than the patients who have failed guidewire advancement (64.7%, 11/17) (Fisher's exact test, P = 0.004). Self-limiting hematoma occurred in one patient after use of the long sheath and was considered a minor complication. CONCLUSION: Ureteral catheterization using a long sheath is feasible and effective when antegrade ureteral intervention using a short sheath fails. When using a long sheath, the technical success rate was higher when advancing the balloon catheter over the guidewire than when advancing the guidewire through tight stricture.

20.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996674

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess differences in the progression of macular atrophy (MA) between neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) subtypes and to identify the risk factors associated with the foveal involvement among patients with MA undergoing long-term anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment. METHODS: Eighty eyes of 80 patients with neovascular AMD who developed incident MA following anti-VEGF therapy were retrospectively included. Macular atrophy (MA) was quantified using autofluoresence (AF) images within 24 months after the onset of MA, and the enlargement rate was compared between neovascular AMD subtypes. Regression models were constructed to explore relationships between foveal involvement in MA and baseline characteristics. RESULTS: The growth rate of MA was 0.18 mm2 /year for type 1 neovascularization (NV), 0.24 mm2 /year for type 2 NV, and 1.21 mm2 /year for type 3 NV; differences between groups were significant (p = 0.022). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that thin subfoveal choroidal thickness (p = 0.028), presence of subretinal drusenoid deposit (p = 0.005), type 2 or 3 NV (p = 0.023), and geographic atrophy in the fellow eye (p = 0.035) were significant risk factors for MA with foveal involvement. The number of injections showed no significant association with the progression or the foveal involvement in MA. CONCLUSIONS: The progression of MA in patients with neovascular AMD undergoing anti-VEGF treatment differed significantly depending on the subtype of neovascularization. The risk of foveal involvement in MA was associated with the baseline factors or phenotype of neovascular AMD rather than with injection frequency of anti-VEGF.

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