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1.
Nanotechnology ; 31(4): 045304, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593938

RESUMO

Polarized ultraviolet (UV) emitters are essential for various applications, such as photoalignment devices for liquid crystals, high-resolution imaging devices, highly sensitive sensors, and steppers. To increase the high polarization ratio (PR) of a UV emitter, the grating period should be decreased than that of the visible emitter. However, the fabrication of the short period grating directly on UV emitters is still limited. In this study, we demonstrate that 200, 100, and 50 nm period aluminum (Al)-based wire-grid polarizers (WGPs) can be fabricated directly on UV emitters by a solvent-assisted nanotransfer process. The UV emitter with a grating period of 100 nm shows a PR of 84%, and an electroluminescence efficiency that is 22.5% and 48% higher than those of UV emitters with 50 nm and 200 nm period WGPs, respectively, due to the increased photon extraction efficiency (PEE). The higher PEE is attributed to the optical cavity property of the Al metal reflector with low light loss and the surface plasmon effect of the Al grating layer.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717624

RESUMO

The association between visual impairment and higher mortality remains unclear. In addition, evidence is lacking on the interaction between visual function and physical activity on mortality. We used data of individuals with no disability or with visual impairment among those who participated in the National Health Screening Program in Korea in 2009 or 2010. We constructed Cox proportional hazard models adjusted for potential confounders to evaluate the independent association between visual impairment and mortality. More severe visual impairment was associated with higher all-cause mortality (p-value for trend = 0.03) and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases (p-value for trend = 0.02) and that due to other diseases (p-value for trend = 0.01). We found an interaction on an additive scale between visual impairment and no physical activity on all-cause mortality (relative excess risk due to interaction = 1.34, 95% confidence interval: 0.37, 2.30, p-value = 0.01). When we stratified the study population by physical activity, the association between visual impairment and mortality was only found among individuals who did not engage in regular physical activity (p-value for trend = 0.01). We found an independent association between visual impairment and mortality and modification of this association by physical activity.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717913

RESUMO

The majority of previous occupational studies focused on factors affecting life satisfaction among occupationally injured workers have been based on a cross-sectional design, not a sex-aggregated model. This study aimed to identify sex differences in factors related to life satisfaction among workers who experienced work-related injuries using nationally representative panel data from South Korea. Data from the first to fifth (2013-2017) waves of the Panel Study of Worker's Compensation Insurance were analyzed. Of 1514 respondents, those who participated in all five survey waves were included in the final study population. To assess the factors associated with general life satisfaction of the occupationally injured workers, a panel data analysis was conducted using generalized estimating equations. The impacts of education level, return to work, self-rated health, task performance, self-esteem, and self-efficacy were significant in both sexes. On the other hand, the influence of age, marital status, personal labor income, and National Basic Livelihood Act recipient status significantly varied by sex. There were sex differences in factors related to general life satisfaction among occupationally injured workers, highlighting the need for sex-specific intervention programs. Employers, healthcare providers, and other stakeholders need to pay attention to vulnerable groups and investigate the most appropriate financial support.

4.
J Dermatol Sci ; 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an important factor in skin hydration maintenance. In mammalian keratinocytes, hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2) is a critical enzyme in HA production. Therefore, the promotion of HAS2 expression in keratinocytes may be a strategy for maintaining skin moisture. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the skin hydration effect and regulatory mechanisms of 3,6-anhydro-L-galactose (L-AHG), a main component of red macroalgal carbohydrates in human keratinocytes. METHODS: L-AHG was applied to an immortalized human epidermal keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT cells). HA production, HAS2 protein and mRNA levels, and the activation of the signaling pathways involved in HAS2 expression were measured. HA levels were also evaluated for three dimensional (3D) reconstructed human skin. RESULTS: Our results suggest that L-AHG upregulates HA production and may enhance HAS2 expression by activating EGFR-mediated ERK, PI3K/Akt, and STAT3 signaling pathways. We confirmed that L-AHG activated the AMPKα signaling pathway which in turn could regulate HAS2 expression in HaCaT cells. The effects of L-AHG on HA production were observed in the 3D reconstructed human skin model. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that L-AHG may enhance skin moisture retention by increasing HA synthesis in human epidermal keratinocytes.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive gastric cancers (GC) have clinicopathologic differences from EBV-negative tumors and lack TP53 mutation. Serological profiles may inform viral contribution to carcinogenesis. METHODS: We compared humoral responses of EBV-positive (n=67) and -negative (n=137) GC patients from the International EBV-Gastric Cancer Consortium. Serum antibodies against four EBV proteins, nuclear (EBNA), viral capsid (VCA), early-diffuse (EA-D) and Zta replication activator (ZEBRA), and to p53 were assessed by multiplex assays. Odds ratios (OR) of antibody level tertiles (T1-T3) were adjusted by logistic regression. We also conducted a meta-analysis of reported anti-p53 seropositivity in GC. RESULTS: Consistent with EBV's ubiquity, 99% of patients were seropositive for anti-EBNA and 98% for anti-VCA, without difference by tumor EBV status. Seropositivity varied between patients with EBV-positive and -negative tumors for anti-EA-D (97% vs. 67%, respectively, p<0.001) and anti-ZEBRA (97% vs. 85%, respectively, p=0.009). Adjusted ORs (vs. T1) for patients with EBV-positive vs. -negative tumors were significantly elevated for higher antibodies against EBNA (2.6 for T2 and 13 for T3), VCA (1.8 for T2 and 2.4 for T3), EA-D (6.0 for T2 and 44 for T3), and ZEBRA (4.6 for T2 and 12 for T3). Antibodies to p53 were inversely associated with EBV positivity (3% vs. 15%; adjusted OR=0.16, p=0.021). Anti-p53 prevalence from the literature was 15%. CONCLUSIONS: These serological patterns suggest viral reactivation in EBV-positive cancers and identify variation of p53 seropositivity by subtype. IMPACT: Anti-EBV and anti-p53 antibodies are differentially associated with tumor EBV positivity. Serology may identify EBV-positive GC for targeted therapies.

6.
Exp Mol Med ; 51(10): 128, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666502

RESUMO

Dysregulated immune responses and impaired function in intestinal epithelial cells contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible 45 beta (Gadd45ß) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory symptoms. However, the role of Gadd45ß in IBD is completely unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the role of Gadd45ß in IBD. Gadd45ß-KO mice exhibited drastically greater susceptibility to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis and mortality than C57BL/6J mice. Bone marrow transplantation experiments revealed that Gadd45ß functions predominantly in the intestinal epithelium and is critical during the recovery phase. Gadd45ß regulates the TGF-ß signaling pathway in colon tissue and epithelial cells by inhibiting Smurf-mediated degradation of TGF-ß receptor type 1 via competitive binding to the N-terminal domain of Smad7. Furthermore, these results indicate that the Gadd45ß-regulated TGF-ß signaling pathway is involved in wound healing by enhancing epithelial restitution. These results expand the current understanding of the function of Gadd45ß and its therapeutic potential in ulcerative colitis.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Varenicline is an effective drug for smoking cessation. The aim of the present study was to compare the pharmacokinetics and safety profiles of two different varenicline formulations (varenicline tartrate (reference) and varenicline oxalate (test)), each containing 1 mg varenicline base in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, open-label, two-sequence, two-period, single-dose crossover study with a 2-week washout period was conducted with 30 healthy male participants. Blood samples for the pharmacokinetic analysis of varenicline were collected up to 96 hours following the administration of each drug. Pharmacokinetic parameters were also calculated, including the peak plasma concentration (Cmax), area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) from time zero to the time of the last measurable concentration (AUClast) as well as AUC from time zero to infinity (AUClast). ANOVA for pharmacokinetic equivalence was assessed using log-transformed Cmax and AUC values, and the geometric mean ratios (GMRs) and their 90% confidence intervals (CIs) were assessed as well. The safety profiles were also assessed. RESULTS: 27 participants completed the study. No significant differences were found for any pharmacokinetic parameters of varenicline between the two formulations. The observed average values of Cmax, AUClast, and AUClast were 4.46 ng/mL, 97.68 ng×h/mL, and 101.60 ng×h/mL for reference and 4.54 ng/mL, 97.10 ng×h/mL, and 100.97 ng×h/mL for test, respectively. The GMRs and 90% CIs for Cmax, AUClast, and AUClast were 1.0106 (0.9626 - 1.0610), 0.9904 (0.9540 - 1.0282), and 0.9885 (0.9517 - 1.0268), respectively. No clinically relevant changes were observed in the physical, biochemical, hematologic, electrocardiographic, or urinalysis findings during the study, and no serious adverse events were found. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study reveal that varenicline oxalate and varenicline tartrate have similar pharmacokinetic characteristics as varenicline, and that these two formulations exhibit pharmacokinetic equivalence to meet the regulatory criteria. Both varenicline formulations were generally well tolerated.
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8.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer (TC) incidence has increased robustly in Korea. However, the actual cause of death, overall mortality risk, and cause-specific mortality risk in TC patients have not been clearly elucidated. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study Methods: We analyzed 4,082 TC patients from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS, 2002-2013) with a median of 48 months follow-up. We compared these patients with 12,246 controls matched for age, sex, and histories of major cardiovascular disease (CVD) to investigate the cause of death and risks of overall and cause-specific mortality. RESULTS: Overall, 61 deaths (1.5%) occurred in the TC group. The most common cause of death was TC-specific mortality (32.8%), followed by other malignancy-related mortality (31.1%) and CVD mortality (13.1%). The overall mortality risk was comparable between the TC and control groups (unadjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.87-1.58); the adjusted HR remained at 1.25 (95% CI, 0.90-1.74) after multivariate adjustment for body mass index (BMI), socioeconomic status (SES), smoking, alcohol consumption, and histories of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia. In addition, there was not enough evidence against the surmise that the CVD mortality risk was similar between the TC and control groups, with an HR of 0.50 (95% CI, 0.22-1.16) after adjustment for CVD risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Excellent overall survival was observed in TC patients. The most common cause of death was TC-specific mortality, suggesting the importance of thyroid cancer treatment. The overall and cause-specific mortality risks, particularly CVD mortality risk, did not differ between TC patients and the general population.

9.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722515

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory arthritis, and the complex interaction and activation of innate and adaptive immune cells are involved in RA pathogenesis. Mast cells (MCs) are one of the tissue-resident innate immune cells, and they contribute to RA pathogenesis. In the present review, the evidence of the pathologic role of MC in RA is discussed based on human and animal data. In addition, the potential role of MC in RA pathogenesis and the research area that should be focused on in the future are suggested.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(21)2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690022

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to identify the active compound responsible for the pharmacological activities of Manchurian spikenard (Aralia continentalis Kitag.). Interleukin (IL)-1ß-stimulated human chondrocytes and monoiodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritic rats were treated with the 50% ethanolic extract of spikenard or its major components, such as continentalic acid (ent-pimara-8(14),15-diene-19-oic acid) and kaurenoic acid (ent-kaura-16-en-19-oic acid). The spikenard extract significantly inhibited IL-1ß-stimulated production of IL-6, IL-8, metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-13, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and prostaglandin(PG)E2 in a dose-dependent manner but not MMP-3 production. The extract also inhibited the IL-1ß-induced translocation of NF-κB/p65 into the nucleus and dose-dependent phosphorylation levels of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. Continentalic acid exhibited significant anti-arthritic activity corresponding exactly to that of the extract containing an equivalent amount of continentalic acid. On the other hand, kaurenoic acid exhibited a compatible activity at about a 10-times higher molar concentration than that of continentalic acid. In vitro anti-arthritic activities of the spikenard extract and continentalic acid were also confirmed in MIA-induced osteoarthritic rats. The 50% ethanolic extract of Manchurian spikenard exhibited promising anti-arthritic activities in the in vitro and in vivo osteoarthritis models, and continentalic acid, not kaurenoic acid, was most probably responsible for those activities.

11.
FASEB J ; : fj201901440RR, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670977

RESUMO

ATPase inhibitory factor 1 (IF1) is an ATP synthase-interacting protein that suppresses the hydrolysis activity of ATP synthase. In this study, we observed that the expression of IF1 was up-regulated in response to electrical pulse stimulation of skeletal muscle cells and in exercized mice and healthy men. IF1 stimulates glucose uptake via AMPK in skeletal muscle cells and primary cultured myoblasts. Reactive oxygen species and Rac family small GTPase 1 (Rac1) function in the upstream and downstream of AMPK, respectively, in IF1-mediated glucose uptake. In diabetic animal models, the administration of recombinant IF1 improved glucose tolerance and down-regulated blood glucose level. In addition, IF1 inhibits ATP hydrolysis by ß-F1-ATPase in plasma membrane, thereby increasing extracellular ATP and activating the protein kinase B (Akt) pathway, ultimately leading to glucose uptake. Thus, we suggest that IF1 is a novel myokine and propose a mechanism by which AMPK and Akt contribute independently to IF1-mediated improvement of glucose tolerance impairment. These results demonstrate the importance of IF1 as a potential antidiabetic agent.-Lee, H. J., Moon, J., Chung, I., Chung, J. H., Park, C., Lee, J. O., Han, J. A., Kang, M. J., Yoo, E. H., Kwak, S.-Y., Jo, G., Park, W., Park, J., Kim, K. M., Lim, S., Ngoei, K. R. W., Ling, N. X. Y., Oakhill, J. S., Galic, S., Murray-Segal, L., Kemp, B. E., Mantzoros, C. S., Krauss, R. M., Shin, M.-J., Kim, H. S. ATP synthase inhibitory factor 1 (IF1), a novel myokine, regulates glucose metabolism by AMPK and Akt dual pathways.

12.
Pathol Res Pract ; : 152734, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740232

RESUMO

Rapamycin-insensitive companion of mTOR (RICTOR) is a key component of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 2 (mTORC2), and promotes cellular proliferation and survival through the activation of downstream AGC kinase family members. The amplification of RICTOR has been proposed as a therapeutically relevant genomic alteration. However, other than next-generation sequencing, precise diagnostic methods to detect RICTOR amplification in advanced solid cancers have not been fully explored. We performed immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis on solid tumor tissues from 435 cancer patients. Overexpression of RICTOR was found in 213 cases (49.0 %: 1+, 29.4 %; 2+, 15.2 %; 3+, 4.4 %) consisting of 111 colorectal cancers, 42 gastric cancers, 16 renal cell carcinomas, 8 soft tissue sarcomas, 6 hepatocellular carcinomas, 6 cholangiocarcinomas, 4 lung cancers, and 37 other tumors. RICTOR overexpression was heterogeneous (stained < 50 % of the tumor volume) in 32.4 % (12/37) of IHC-positive cases. We performed fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 37 RICTOR-overexpressed IHC-positive cases (1+, 12; 2+, 11; 3+, 14) and 13 IHC-negative solid tumors. FISH enabled us to detect RICTOR amplification in 7/12 (58.3 %) IHC 1+, 10/11 (90.9 %) IHC 2+, and 11/14 (78.6 %) IHC 3+ cases. In total, there was amplification in 75.7 % (n = 28) of the RICTOR-overexpressed cases, according to FISH. There was RICTOR amplification in only 7.7 % of the RICTOR IHC-negative cases. RICTOR amplification was significantly more common in IHC-positive cases than in IHC-negative cases (p < 0.0001). The IHC results correlated well with those of FISH (r = 0.60). RICTOR overexpression is more common in solid tumors than previously reported in cases detected by next-generation sequencing. This discrepancy may be caused by intratumoral heterogeneity. In conclusion, heterogeneous RICTOR overexpression is common in solid tumors and RICTOR IHC can be used as a screening tool to detect RICTOR amplification.

13.
BMC Womens Health ; 19(1): 149, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian mature cystic teratomas comprise tissues derived from all three germ layers. In rare incidences, malignant tumors may arise from ovarian mature cystic teratoma, which occurs in 0.2-1.8% of cases. A variety of tumors can arise within mature cystic teratoma, among which malignant melanoma is exceedingly rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain. Transvaginal ultrasonography showed mixed echogenic cystic masses in both ovaries. Her serum cancer antigen (CA19-9) level was elevated at 29,770 U/ml. Surgical excision was performed. Histologic examination showed infiltrating nests of pleomorphic cells with prominent nucleoli and black pigments in the background of a mature cystic teratoma. These pleomorphic cells showed strong immunoreactivity for Melan-A and HMB-45. The patient was re-evaluated and the possibility of a melanoma at any other site was ruled out. Based on these findings, we concluded that the malignant melanoma originated from the ovarian mature cystic teratoma. CONCLUSION: We report a rare case of primary malignant melanoma derived from an ovarian mature cystic teratoma.

14.
Exp Mol Med ; 51(11): 144, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776326

RESUMO

Endothelial mechanotransduction by fluid shear stress (FSS) modulates endothelial function and vascular pathophysiology through mechanosensors on the cell membrane. The coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is not only a viral receptor but also a component of tight junctions and plays an important role in tissue homeostasis. Here, we demonstrate the expression, regulatory mechanism, and role of CAR in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) under FSS conditions. Disturbed flow increased, whereas unidirectional laminar shear stress (LSS) decreased, CAR expression in ECs through the Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2)/activator protein 1 (AP-1) axis. Deletion of CAR reduced the expression of proinflammatory genes and endothelial inflammation induced by disturbed flow via the suppression of NF-κB activation. Consistently, disturbed flow-induced atherosclerosis was reduced in EC-specific CAR KO mice. CAR was found to be involved in endothelial mechanotransduction through the regulation of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 (PECAM-1) phosphorylation. Our results demonstrate that endothelial CAR is regulated by FSS and that this regulated CAR acts as an important modulator of endothelial mechanotransduction by FSS.

15.
Intest Res ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602962

RESUMO

Background/Aims: There is limited data to compare the clinical characteristics and recurrence rates between left-sided primary epiploic appendagitis (PEA) versus left-sided acute colonic diverticulitis (ACD), and right-sided PEA versus right-sided ACD, respectively. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and radiologic images of the patients who presented with left-sided or right-sided acute abdominal pain and had computer tomography performed at the time of presentation showing radiological signs of PEA or ACD between January 2004 and December 2014. We compared the clinical characteristics of left PEA versus left ACD and right PEA versus right ACD, respectively. Results: Fifty-six patients (left:right = 27:29) and 308 patients (left:right = 24:284) were diagnosed with symptomatic PEA and ACD, respectively. Left-sided PEA were statistically significantly younger (50.2 ± 15.4 years vs. 62.1 ± 15.8 years, P= 0.009), more obese (body mass index [BMI]: 26.3 ± 2.9 kg/m2 vs. 22.3 ± 3.1 kg/m2 , P< 0.001), and had more tendencies with normal or mildly elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) (1.2 ± 1.3 mg/dL vs. 8.4 ± 7.9 mg/dL, P< 0.001) than patients with left-sided ACD. The discriminative function of age, BMI and CRP between left-sided PEA versus left-sided ACD was 0.71 (cutoff: age ≤ 59 years, sensitivity of 66.7%, specificity of 77.8%), 0.83 (cutoff: BMI > 24.5 kg/m2 , sensitivity of 80.0%, specificity of 80.0%) and 0.80 (cutoff: CRP < 1.8 mg/dL, sensitivity of 72.2%, specificity of 85.7%). Conclusions: If patients with left lower quadrant abdominal pain are less than 60 years, obese (BMI > 24.5 kg/m2 ) with or without normal to mild elevated CRP levels (CRP < 1.8 mg/dL), it might be necessary for clinicians to suspect the diagnosis of PEA rather than ACD.

16.
Korean J Ophthalmol ; 33(5): 422-429, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612652

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We investigated changes in the thickness of the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) following the onset of an epiretinal membrane (ERM) in glaucoma patients. METHODS: Among regularly monitored glaucoma patients, patients with a newly diagnosed ERM were consecutively enrolled. Before and after the onset of ERM, the RNFL thickness was measured using spectral domain optical coherence tomography, and a visual field examination was performed using a Humphrey field analyzer. Changes in RNFL thickness parameters and global indices of the visual field analyzer were assessed. RESULTS: In a total of 28 eyes from 28 patients, the average RNFL thickness increased by a mean of 4.0 ± 7.4 µm (p = 0.009) after ERM onset. There was an increase in the superior, nasal, and temporal quadrant RNFL thicknesses, and the change in the temporal RNFL thickness was significant (14.4 ± 21.2 µm, p < 0.001). However, the inferior RNFL thickness decreased by -0.6 ± 7.5 µm (p = 0.116). In the visual field examination, the mean deviation decreased significantly by -0.8 ± 1.7 dB (p = 0.038), from -14.6 to -15.4 dB. CONCLUSIONS: A significant increase in average RNFL thickness was detected following ERM onset in glaucoma patients, although there was deterioration of the mean deviation in the visual field. When ERM occurs in glaucoma patients, clinicians should be aware that RNFL thickness measurements obtained with a spectral domain optical coherence tomography may underestimate the status of glaucomatous optic neuropathy.

17.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642952

RESUMO

Although body composition is related to lung function, few studies have reported the effects of sarcopenic obesity on lung function. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the associations between lung function and sarcopenia in the presence and in the absence of obesity. We analyzed nationally representative data of 3044 adults aged > 60 years as collated by the 'Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014-2016. Subjects were classified into four groups: non-sarcopenic non-obese (S-O-), non-sarcopenic obese (S-O+), sarcopenic non-obese (S+O-), and sarcopenic obese (S+O+) according to handgrip strength (GS) and body mass index (BMI). GS was found to be positively associated with forced volume vital capacity (FVC). The S+O+ group had significantly lower FVC values than the S-O- group. Subjects in the S+O+ group were more likely to have restrictive lung disease than those in the S-O- group (odds ratios [ORs] 2.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.72-4.59), and the ORs of restrictive lung disease in S+O+ group were higher than in the S-O+ or S+O- groups. These results were consistent after stratifying by sex and age (61-70 and 71-80). FEV1/FVC ratios (a marker for obstructive lung disease) were not significantly different between S+O+ and S-O- groups. Sarcopenic obesity is associated with a higher risk of restrictive lung disease in Korean elderly.

18.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(10)2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635190

RESUMO

Paraphilia is a complex psychological and psychiatric disorder that has been difficult to treat. Leuprorelin has been used as one of the therapeutic methods for paraphilia. Leuprorelin administration could change insulin resistance and accelerate bone loss. The case study in this work was a 59-year-old man who visited a hospital with the chief complaints of frotteuristic behaviors in public places, a continuous increase in sexual desire, and sexual molestation behavior that started in 2007. We injected leuprorelin (3.6 mg) intramuscularly every month for this patient with paraphilia and comorbidities of osteoporosis and hyperthyroidism. The clinical global impression (CGI), Sex Addiction Screening Test (SAST), Wilson Sex Fantasy Questionnaire (WSFQ), physical examination, and laboratory tests were performed. After 12 months of leuprorelin injection for paraphilia, we found a significant improvement in abnormal sexual behavior/desire without aggravation of osteoporosis/hyperthyroidism. Gonadotrophin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) analogs could be used as alternative or supplementary treatment methods for paraphilia with osteoporosis/hyperthyroidism.

19.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0224019, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626653

RESUMO

Accurate prediction of lymph node status is of crucial importance in the appropriate treatment planning for patients with early gastric cancer (EGC). Some studies have examined factors predicting lymph node metastasis (LNM) in EGC; however, these studies did not consider sex-specific differences. This study aimed to investigate sex-specific differences in predictive risk factors of LNM in EGC based on surgical specimens. Patients who underwent surgical treatment for EGC between January 2003 and February 2016 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients who underwent previous gastric surgery or treatment for gastric neoplasms were excluded. Finally, 1076 patients treated for EGC were included in the analysis. We analyzed risk factors of LNM by dividing patients into male and female groups. Of 1076 patients (mean age 59.6 years), 69% were men. The overall LNM rate was 9.4%. The LNM rate was lower in men (7.8%) than in women (12.9%). Multivariate analysis showed that elevated type (odds ratio [OR], 2.084; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.053-4.125; P = 0.035), submucosal invasion (OR, 2.162; 95% CI: 1.018-4.595; P = 0.045), undifferentiated type (OR, 2.044; 95% CI: 1.107-3.772; P = 0.022), and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (OR, 7.210; 95% CI: 3.835-13.554; P<0.001) were independent predictive risk factors of LNM in EGC in men. However, only submucosal invasion (OR, 8.772; 95% CI: 2.823-27.259; P<0.001) and LVI (OR, 8.877; 95% CI: 3.861-20.410; P<0.001) were independent predictive risk factors of LNM in EGC in women. Submucosal invasion and LVI were risk factors of LNM in both men and women. However, elevated and undifferentiated types were risk factors in men but not in women. Clinicians should consider these sex-specific differences with regard to individualized management.

20.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e4721, 2019 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656058

RESUMO

Teneligliptin is a recently developed dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. To study simultaneous pharmacokinetics of teneligliptin and its major active metabolite, teneligliptin sulfoxide in human plasma, we developed and validated a LC-MS/MS method. The analytes were detected in the positive mode using multiple reaction monitoring (teneligliptin: m/z 427.2→243.1; teneligliptin-d8 : m/z 435.2→251.3; teneligliptin sulfoxide: m/z 443.2→68.2). The method demonstrated accuracy, precision, and linearity over the concentration range of 5 to 1000 ng/mL for teneligliptin and 2.5 to 500 ng/mL for teneligliptin sulfoxide. The developed method is the first fully validated method capable of simultaneous determination of teneligliptin and its active metabolite, teneligliptin sulfoxide in plasma. The suitability of the method was successfully demonstrated in terms of quantification of teneligliptin and teneligliptin sulfoxide pharmacokinetics in plasma samples collected from healthy volunteers. The measurement of plasma metabolite/parent ratio of teneligliptin was feasible by this method.

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