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1.
Korean J Intern Med ; 37(3): 591-604, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is conventionally recognized as an urgent medical condition requiring timely and effective reperfusion therapy. However, the results of studies on the clinical outcomes in AMI according to hospital visit timings are inconclusive. To explore the difference in long-term outcomes between off- and on-hour percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in patients with AMI of Killip functional classification III-IV (Killip III-IV AMI). METHODS: Data on the characteristics and clinical outcomes of 1,751 patients with Killip III-IV AMI between November 2011 and June 2015 from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health registry were analyzed. All participants were allocated into two groups: off-hour (weekdays from 6:00 PM to 8:00 AM, weekends, and legal holidays) and on-hour (weekdays from 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM) groups. The incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, any revascularization, cerebrovascular accident, and stent thrombosis, was the primary endpoint. RESULTS: Among the 1,751 patients, 572 (39.1%) underwent PCI during on-hours and 892 (60.9%) during off-hours. At the 3-year follow-up, no significant difference was found in the clinical outcomes between the two groups in both the unadjusted and propensity-score weighing-adjusted analyses. CONCLUSION: The outcomes of patients with Killip III-IV AMI admitted during off- and on-hours were similar.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether high titers of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies aggravate clinical manifestations in patients or whether severe clinical manifestations result in high antibody titers. Thus, we investigated the cause-effect relationship between SARS-CoV-2 antibody titers and disease severity. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients admitted with the diagnosis of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) from February 2020 to August 2020. We measured SARS-CoV-2 antibody titers, namely anti-receptor-binding domain (RBD) antibody and neutralizing antibody (NAb), from blood samples and calculated the chest radiograph (CXR) scores of the patients to evaluate the severity of COVID-19. RESULTS: Overall, 40 patients with COVID-19 were enrolled. Pneumonia was observed in more than half of the patients (25/40, 60%). SARS-CoV-2 antibody titers were higher in patients who were aged >60 years (anti-RBD antibodies, P = 0.003 and NAb, P = 0.009), presented with pneumonia (P = 0.006 and 0.007, respectively), and required oxygen therapy (P = 0.003 and 0.004, respectively) than in those who were not. CXR scores peaked (at 15-21 days after the onset of symptoms) statistically significantly earlier than SARS-CoV-2 antibody titers (at 22-30 days for NAb and at 31-70 days for anti-RBD antibody). There was a close correlation between the maximum CXR score and the maximum SAR-CoV-2 antibody titer. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the comparison of the peak time of SARS-CoV-2 antibody titers with the CXR score after symptom onset, we suggest that severe clinical manifestations result in high titers of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies.

3.
J Korean Med Sci ; 37(18): e134, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is often accompanied by secondary infections, such as invasive aspergillosis. In this study, risk factors for developing COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) and their clinical outcomes were evaluated. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study included critically ill COVID-19 patients from July 2020 through March 2021. Critically ill patients were defined as patients requiring high-flow respiratory support or mechanical ventilation. CAPA was defined based on the 2020 European Confederation of Medical Mycology and the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology consensus criteria. Factors associated with CAPA were analyzed, and their clinical outcomes were adjusted by a propensity score-matched model. RESULTS: Among 187 eligible patients, 17 (9.1%) developed CAPA, which is equal to 33.10 per 10,000 patient-days. Sixteen patients received voriconazole-based antifungal treatment. In addition, 82.4% and 53.5% of patients with CAPA and without CAPA, respectively, received early high-dose corticosteroids (P = 0.022). In multivariable analysis, initial 10-day cumulative steroid dose > 60 mg of dexamethasone or dexamethasone equivalent dose) (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 3.77; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-13.79) and chronic pulmonary disease (adjusted OR, 4.20; 95% CI, 1.26-14.02) were independently associated with CAPA. Tendencies of higher 90-day overall mortality (54.3% vs. 35.2%, P = 0.346) and lower respiratory support-free rate were observed in patients with CAPA (76.3% vs. 54.9%, P = 0.089). CONCLUSION: Our study showed that the dose of corticosteroid use might be a risk factor for CAPA development and the possibility of CAPA contributing to adverse outcomes in critically ill COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva , Aspergilose Pulmonar , Animais , COVID-19/complicações , Estado Terminal , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/complicações , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/diagnóstico , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/tratamento farmacológico , Aspergilose Pulmonar/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 835969, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35402569

RESUMO

Objective: Although religion is expected to have a direct or indirect effect on various aspects of human life, information on the association between religion and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is inadequate. Hence, in this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical effect of religion on clinical outcomes in patients with AMI. Methods: A total of 2,348 patients with AMI who were treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled in the study, and they were categorized into two groups depending on their religious belief: religious and non-religious groups. The characteristics and clinical outcomes of both groups were compared. Results: Compared with the religious group, the non-religious group was younger, included mostly men, was more likely to smoke, and was more likely to be diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. However, the non-religious group was less likely to have a history of hypertension and tended to receive PCI more quickly with shorter door-to-balloon time. Regarding 1-year clinical outcomes, no differences were found between the two groups. Conclusion: Despite a growing body of evidence that religious activities have positive effects on human physical health, our results showed a lack of significant differences in 1-year clinical outcomes in patients with AMI irrespective of their religious beliefs.

6.
Vet Sci ; 9(4)2022 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35448663

RESUMO

Vaccination is a practical method to provide protection against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), but current PRRSV vaccines show limited efficacy against divergent field strains. Lineage 1 PRRSV includes virulent strains such as NADC30 and MN184 and now has become one of the most prevalent viruses in Korea. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to develop a new vaccine for Korean lineage-1 strains. In this study, a vaccine candidate against Korean lineage-1 PRRSV, vCSL1-GP5-N33D, was developed by reverse genetics technology. vCSL1-GP5-N33D was designed as a hypo-glycosylated chimeric virus containing the glycoprotein 5 ectodomain region of the Korean lineage-1 wild-type strain. An inactivated vaccine of vCSL1-GP5-N33D was applied to a PRRS-endemic farm and elicited high serum virus neutralization (SVN) antibody titers. The vaccinated group induced SVN antibody titers of 4.40 (log2) ± 2.46, which were approximately 2-fold higher than those of the negative control at 8-weeks post-vaccination. Moreover, 60% of pigs in the vaccinated group displayed SVN antibody titers of ≥5 (log2), while none of the pigs in the negative control exhibited SVN antibody titers of ≥5 (log2). The overall results of the animal experiment suggest that the vCSL1-GP5-N33D inactivated vaccine is a promising vaccine candidate.

7.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(7): e023776, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347998

RESUMO

Background Chronic vasodilator therapy with long-acting nitrate is frequently used to treat vasospastic angina. However, the clinical benefits of this approach are controversial. We investigated the prognostic impact of vasodilator therapy in patients with vasospastic angina from the multicenter, prospective VA-KOREA (Vasospastic Angina in KOREA) registry. Methods and Results We analyzed data from 1895 patients with positive intracoronary ergonovine provocation test results. The patients were divided into 4 groups: no vasodilator (n=359), nonnitrate vasodilator (n=1187), conventional nitrate (n=209), and a combination of conventional nitrate and other vasodilators (n=140). The primary end point was a composite of cardiac death, acute coronary syndrome, and new-onset arrhythmia at 2 years. Secondary end points were the individual components of the primary end point, all-cause death, and rehospitalization due to recurrent angina. The groups did not differ in terms of the risk of the primary end point. However, the acute coronary syndrome risk was significantly higher in the conventional nitrate (hazard ratio [HR], 2.49; 95% CI, 1.01-6.14; P=0.047) and combination groups (HR, 3.34; 95% CI, 1.15-9.75, P=0.027) compared with the no-vasodilator group, as assessed using the inverse probability of treatment weights. Subgroup analyses revealed prominent adverse effects of nitrate in patients with an intermediate positive ergonovine provocation test result and in those with low Japanese Coronary Spasm Association scores. Conclusions Long-acting nitrate-based chronic vasodilator therapy was associated with an increased 2-year risk of acute coronary syndrome in patients with vasospastic angina, especially in low-risk patients.


Assuntos
Angina Pectoris Variante , Vasoespasmo Coronário , Angina Pectoris Variante/tratamento farmacológico , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Vasoespasmo Coronário/complicações , Vasoespasmo Coronário/diagnóstico , Vasoespasmo Coronário/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Vasodilatadores/efeitos adversos
8.
J Clin Med ; 11(6)2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35329920

RESUMO

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the mainstay treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI); however, many clinicians are reluctant to perform PCI in the elderly population. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of PCI versus medical therapy in nonagenarian Korean patients with AMI. We compared the clinical outcomes of nonagenarian patients with AMI with or without PCI. From the pooled data, based on a series of Korean AMI registries during 2005-2020, 467 consecutive patients were selected and categorized into two groups: the PCI and no-PCI groups. The primary endpoint was 1-year major adverse cardiac event (MACE), a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and any revascularization. Among the 467 participants, 68.5% received PCI. The PCI group had lower proportions of Killip classes III-IV, previous heart failure, and left ventricular ejection fraction <40%, but had higher proportions of all prescribed medications and STEMI diagnosis. The 1-year MACE and all-cause death were higher in the no-PCI group, although partially attenuated post-IPTW. Our study showed that nonagenarian patients with AMI undergoing PCI had better clinical outcomes than those without PCI. Nonetheless, further investigation is needed in the future to elucidate whether PCI is beneficial for this population.

9.
J Chest Surg ; 55(2): 143-150, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35232896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for patients with refractory cardiogenic shock or cardiac arrest is being established, and serum lactate is well known as a biomarker of end-organ perfusion. We evaluated the efficacy of pre-ECMO lactate for predicting 6-month survival in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing ECMO. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 148 patients who underwent veno-arterial (VA) ECMO for ACS between January 2015 and June 2020. These patients were divided into survivors and non-survivors based on 6-month survival. All clinical data before and during ECMO were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 66.0±10.5 years, and 116 (78.4%) were men. The total survival rate was 45.9% (n=68). Cox regression analysis showed that the pre-ECMO lactate level was an independent predictor of 6-month mortality (hazard ratio, 1.210; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.064-1.376; p=0.004). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of pre-ECMO lactate was 0.64 (95% CI, 0.56-0.72; p=0.002; cut-off value=9.8 mmol/L). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the cumulative survival rate at 6 months was significantly higher among patients with a pre-ECMO lactate level of 9.8 mmol/L or less than among those with a level exceeding 9.8 mmol/L (57.3% vs. 31.8%, p=0.0008). CONCLUSION: A pre-ECMO lactate of 9.8 mmol/L or less may predict a favorable outcome at 6 months in ACS patients undergoing VA-ECMO. Further research aiming to improve the accuracy of predictions of reversibility in patients with high pre-ECMO lactate levels is essential.

10.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 778815, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35310967

RESUMO

Introduction: Some cases of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the anastomotic site between the Cabrol-type conduit and the left main coronary artery (LMCA) have been reported. Nevertheless, the combination of PCI with a detailed description of lesion appearance using virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) has never been reported. In this study, we present a case of acute myocardial infarction that was successfully treated with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI for focal stenosis at the anastomotic site, and the plaque composition was studied in detail. Case Presentation: A 35-year-old Korean male with Behçet's disease was diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction. He had previously undergone three cardiothoracic surgeries including two aortic replacements, followed by modified Bentall operation with a Cabrol-type aortocoronary anastomosis. Coronary angiogram (CAG) showed focal critical stenosis at the anastomosis site between the conduit and the LMCA, and VH-IVUS showed fibrotic plaque with mainly fibrous tissue but without a confluent necrotic core. PCI was performed using a drug-eluting stent (4.5 × 12 mm, SynergyTM, Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA, USA). Since a repeat CAG and IVUS post-surgery showed an under-expanded stent strut, post-dilation ballooning was additionally performed. Subsequently, the repeat IVUS revealed wellapposed and optimized deployment of the drug-eluting stent with full lesion coverage. Final CAG showed optimal angiographic results. After successful PCI, the patient's anginal symptoms improved dramatically, and he was successfully discharged from our hospital. Conclusion: This study presents an IVUS-guided PCI case for an anastomotic site between the conduit and the LMCA. It is the first to investigate the characteristics of this lesion through VH-IVUS, which demonstrated the presence of fibrous plaques at the anastomotic site. IVUS radiofrequency data allow for a detailed assessment of plaque composition and provide new insights into the histopathological nature of stenotic lesions at the anastomotic site, especially in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases like Behçet's disease.

11.
Cardiovasc Diagn Ther ; 12(1): 55-66, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35282670

RESUMO

Background: In the cause of increase the clinical research observational evidence on type 2 myocardial infraction (T2MI), the study compared the characteristics of T2MI and T1MI with respect to major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and mortality as long-term outcomes from a large, nationwide, prospective Korean cohort registry. Methods: From 13,105 consecutively enrolled individuals in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH) registry between October 2011 and December 2015, 11,053 acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients were divided into the T1MI (n=10,545) and T2MI (n=508) groups. All patients completed ≥3 years of follow-up. Results: The Kaplan-Meier curve analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression models showed that the cumulative rate of MACE was similar between the 2 groups (11.4% vs. 13.4%, log-rank P=0.185) at 3 years. However, the T2MI group showed higher rates of all-cause death [12.6% vs. 9.4%, log-rank P=0.019; hazard ratio (HR), 1.42; 95% CI: 1.08-1.85; P=0.012] and non-cardiac death (3.5% vs. 5.3%, log-rank P=0.043; HR, 1.55; 95% CI: 1.01-2.37; P=0.043) than the T1MI group. Male sex (HR 1.540; 95% CI: 1.218-1.947, P<0.001), old age (≥65 years; HR, 3.546; 95% CI: 2.645-4.753, P<0.001), low hemoglobin level (<12 g/dL; HR, 2.335; 95% CI: 1.841-2.961, P<0.001), high heart rate (>100 beats/min; HR, 1.852; 95% CI: 1.436-2.388, P<0.001), low glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (<60 mL/min/1.73 m2; HR, 2.373; 95% CI: 1.874-3.005, P<0.001), high body mass index (>25 kg/m2; HR, 0.644; 95% CI: 0.514-0.805, P<0.001), and low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (<40%; HR, 1.487; 95% CI: 1.095-2.020, P=0.011) were the independent predictors for 3-year non-cardiac mortality. Conclusions: Although the 2 groups did not differ in MACE, the total mortality rate was higher in T2MI than in T1MI, especially non-cardiac mortality. The independent predictors for non-cardiac mortality were male sex, old age, anemia, low GFR, tachycardia, obesity, and low LVEF.

12.
J Clin Med ; 11(5)2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35268420

RESUMO

Periprocedural atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with poor prognosis after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We evaluated the impact of long-term sinus rhythm (SR) maintenance on post-TAVR outcomes. We enrolled 278 patients treated with TAVR including 87 patients with periprocedural AF. Patients with periprocedural AF were classified into the AF-sinus rhythm maintained (AF-SRM) group or the sustained AF group according to long-term cardiac rhythm status after discharge. Patients without AF before or after TAVR were classified into the SR group. The primary clinical outcome was a composite of all-cause death, stroke, or heart failure rehospitalization. The AF-SRM and the SR groups showed significant improvements in left ventricular ejection fraction and left atrial volume index at one year after TAVR, while the sustained AF group did not. During 24.5 (±16.1) months of follow-up, the sustained AF group had a higher risk of the adverse clinical event compared with the AF-SRM group (hazard ratio (HR) 4.449, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.614-12.270), while the AF-SRM group had a similar risk of the adverse clinical event compared with the SR group (HR 0.737, 95% CI 0.285-1.903). In conclusion, SR maintenance after TAVR was associated with enhanced echocardiographic improvement and favorable clinical outcomes.

13.
J Clin Med ; 11(4)2022 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35207261

RESUMO

Limited data exist on the temporal trend of major bleeding and its prediction by the Academic Research Consortium-High Bleeding Risk (ARC-HBR) criteria in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We investigated 10-year trends of major bleeding and predictive ability of the ARC-HBR criteria in AMI patients. In a multicenter registry of 10,291 AMI patients undergoing PCI between 2004 and 2014 the incidence of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3 and 5 bleeding was assessed, and, outcomes in ARC-defined HBR patients with AMI were compared with those in non-HBR. The primary outcome was BARC 3 and 5 bleeding at 1 year. Secondary outcomes included all-cause mortality and composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke. The annual incidence of BARC 3 and 5 bleeding in the AMI population has increased over the years (1.8% to 5.8%; p < 0.001). At 1 year, ARC-defined HBR (n = 3371, 32.8%) had significantly higher incidence of BARC 3 and 5 bleeding (9.8% vs. 2.9%; p < 0.001), all-cause mortality (22.8% vs. 4.3%; p < 0.001) and composite of ischemic events (22.6% vs. 5.8%; p < 0.001) compared to non-HBR. During the past decade, the incidence of major bleeding in the AMI population has increased. The ARC-HBR criteria provided reliable predictions for major bleeding, mortality, and ischemic events in AMI patients.

14.
BMC Pulm Med ; 22(1): 56, 2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35135503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia (AFOP) is a rare interstitial pneumonia characterized by intra-alveolar fibrin deposition and organizing pneumonia. The clinical manifestations and long-term prognosis of AFOP are unclear. Our objective was to investigate the clinical features and prognosis of AFOP. METHODS: We identified patients diagnosed with AFOP by surgical lung biopsy between January 2011 and May 2018 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. We retrospectively reviewed clinical and radiologic findings, treatment, and outcomes of AFOP. RESULTS: Fifteen patients with histologically confirmed lung biopsies were included. The median follow-up duration was 2.4 (range, 0.1-82) months. The median age was 55 (range, 33-75) years, and four patients were immunocompromised. Fever was the most common clinical presentation (86.7%). Patchy ground-glass opacities and/or consolidations were the most predominant findings on chest computed tomography images. Nine patients (60%) received mechanical ventilator care, and eight patients (53.3%) died. The non-survivors tended to have slightly higher body mass index (BMI) and a long interval between symptom onset and diagnosis than the survivors, but these findings were not statistically significant. Among seven survivors, five patients were discharged without dyspnea and oxygen supplement. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical course of AFOP was variable. Although AFOP was fatal, most of the patients who recovered from AFOP maintained normal life without supplemental oxygen therapy and respiratory symptoms.


Assuntos
Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/diagnóstico , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/patologia , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
J Korean Med Sci ; 37(2): e15, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35014227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the incidence of rhinovirus (RV) is inversely related to the intensity of non-pharmacological interventions (NPIs), such as universal mask wearing and physical distancing. METHODS: Using RV surveillance data, changes in the effect of NPIs were investigated in South Korea during the pandemic. The time to the first visible effect of NPIs after the onset of NPIs (T1), time to the maximum effect (T2), and duration of the maximum effect (T3) were measured for each surge. For each week, the RVdiff [(RV incidence during the pandemic) - (RV incidence within 5 years before the pandemic)] was calculated, and number of weeks for RVdiff to be below zero after NPIs (time to RVdiff ≤ 0) and number of weeks RVdiff remains below zero after NPIs (duration of RVdiff ≤ 0) were measured for each surge. RESULTS: During the study period, four surges of COVID-19 were reported. As the pandemic progressed, T1 and T2 increased, but T3 decreased. Additionally, the "time to RVdiff of ≤ 0" increased and "duration of RVdiff of ≤ 0" decreased. These changes became more pronounced during the third surge (mid-November 2020), before the introduction of the COVID-19 vaccine, and from the emergence of the delta variant. CONCLUSION: The effect of NPIs appears slower, the duration of the effect becomes shorter, and the intensity also decreases less than a year after the onset of the pandemic owing to people's exhaustion in implementing NPIs. These findings suggest that the COVID-19 response strategy must be completely overhauled.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Resfriado Comum/epidemiologia , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Adenoviridae/isolamento & purificação , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Bocavirus Humano/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Máscaras/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Distanciamento Físico , Quarentena , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Rhinovirus/isolamento & purificação , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(4): e28702, 2022 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35089230

RESUMO

RATIONALE: In super-aged patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a good treatment option, and the number of TAVR-eligible elderly patients is expected to grow exponentially. We present the case of a nonagenarian woman with severe aortic stenosis who underwent successful subclavian TAVR. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 90-year-old Korean woman was brought to our department with dyspnea. On physical examination, a grade IV systolic murmur was auscultated in both the upper sternal borders and the left lower sternal border. DIAGNOSIS: A transthoracic echocardiogram showed heavy calcification of the aortic valve with an increase in both peak velocity (4.36 m/s) and mean pressure (44.8 mm Hg), indicating severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. INTERVENTIONS: After a heart team conference involving interventional cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, and anesthesiologists, subclavian TAVR was performed. Using the left subclavian artery, we successfully deployed a self-expandable valve prosthesis (CoreValveTM Evolut RTM, Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN). OUTCOMES: After TAVR, transthoracic echocardiogram showed a decline in both peak velocity (2.06-2.14 m/s) and mean pressure (7.42-7.95 mm Hg) with an increase in the aortic valve area (1.12 cm2). The patient's dyspnea symptoms improved dramatically. LESSONS: In addition to femoral TAVR, subclavian TAVR may be feasible and safe in super-aged patients.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Dispneia/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
BMC Pulm Med ; 22(1): 7, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) with acute respiratory failure can result in development of pneumothorax during treatment. This study aimed to identify the incidence and related factors of pneumothorax in patients with PCP and acute respiratory failure and to analyze their prognosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the occurrence of pneumothorax, including clinical characteristics and results of other examinations, in 119 non-human immunodeficiency virus patients with PCP and respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilator treatment in a medical intensive care unit (ICU) at a tertiary-care center between July 2016 and April 2019. RESULTS: During follow up duration, twenty-two patients (18.5%) developed pneumothorax during ventilator treatment, with 45 (37.8%) eventually requiring a tracheostomy due to weaning failure. Cytomegalovirus co-infection (odds ratio 13.9; p = 0.013) was related with occurrence of pneumothorax in multivariate analysis. And development of pneumothorax was not associated with need for tracheostomy and mortality. Furthermore, analysis of survivor after 28 days in ICU, patients without pneumothorax were significantly more successful in weaning from mechanical ventilator than the patients with pneumothorax (44% vs. 13.3%, p = 0.037). PCP patients without pneumothorax showed successful home discharges compared to those who without pneumothorax (p = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The development of pneumothorax increased in PCP patient with cytomegalovirus co-infection, pneumothorax might have difficulty in and prolonged weaning from mechanical ventilators, which clinicians should be aware of when planning treatment for such patients.


Assuntos
Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/complicações , Pneumotórax/complicações , Pneumotórax/epidemiologia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Infecções por HIV , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumocystis carinii , Pneumotórax/terapia , Prognóstico , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Respiração Artificial , Insuficiência Respiratória/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(3): e28627, 2022 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35060541

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are leading global causes of morbidity and mortality. In patients with both of these conditions, the presence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) can further worsen their prognosis. We examined the outcomes of AMI patients with COPD (AMI+COPD) and without COPD (AMI-COPD), depending on the presence or absence of PH.A total of 318 AMI patients with COPD (AMI+COPD cohort) (n = 109) or without COPD (AMI-COPD cohort) (n = 209) were included in this study and were subdivided into 2 groups according to right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) level (PH group [RVSP ≥35 mm Hg] and no PH group [RVSP <35 mm Hg]).We investigated characteristics and clinical outcomes in both the AMI-COPD and AMI+COPD cohorts. When investigating in-hospital clinical outcomes, the PH group had a higher proportion of new-onset heart failure (HF) in both cohorts. In the AMI+COPD cohort, however, the PH group had a higher incidence of cardiogenic shock than the no PH group, which was consistent with the result of the post-inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) analysis. When investigating 1-year clinical outcomes, the PH group had higher incidences of a major adverse cardiac event and all-cause mortality in both cohorts. This finding was mainly driven by cardiac death in the AMI-COPD cohort, whereas it was mainly driven by non-cardiac death in the AMI+COPD cohort. After IPTW adjustment, these differences were statistically attenuated such that all variables were similar between both groups.PH may be associated with the development of new-onset HF (in all patients) and cardiogenic shock (in the AMI+COPD cohort). In addition, PH may be also associated with all-cause mortality, although it was statistically attenuated after IPTW adjustment.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Choque Cardiogênico/epidemiologia
19.
Can J Cardiol ; 38(1): 92-101, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between serial high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) measurements and long-term outcomes in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. We aimed to investigate the usefulness of serial hsCRP measurements for risk stratification in stabilised post-MI patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 1018 patients who had hsCRP values at both baseline and 1 year after MI were included. High inflammatory status was defined as hsCRP > 2 mg/L. Patients were classified into 4 groups: persistently low, falling (first high then low hsCRP), rising (first low then high hsCRP), and persistently high hsCRP. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE: a composite of all-cause of death, MI, and cerebrovascular accident) within 4 years after the second hsCRP measurement. RESULTS: At 1 year after MI, the numbers of patients in the persistently low, falling, rising, and persistently high hsCRP groups were 394 (38.7%), 358 (35.2%), 69 (6.8%), and 197 (19.4%), respectively. The incidence of MACCE was progressively elevated from the persistently low to the falling, rising, and persistently high hsCRP groups (4.8%, 8.1%, 10.1%, and 13.2%, respectively; P = 0.004). Persistently high hsCRP was an independent predictor of MACCE (adjusted hazard ratio 2.55; 95% confidence interval 1.35-4.81; P = 0.004) and provided incremental prognostic value beyond that of the baseline clinical risk model (net reclassification improvement = 0.397; integrated discrimination improvement = 0.025; all P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Among stabilised post-MI patients who underwent PCI, persistently high hsCRP was frequently seen 1 year after MI and was strongly associated with long-term adverse clinical outcomes. Serial measurements of hsCRP during clinical follow-up after MI may help to identify patients at higher risk for mortality and morbidity.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Previsões , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco/métodos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade/tendências , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Prognóstico , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
20.
Virology ; 566: 143-152, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929590

RESUMO

Annual repeat influenza vaccination raises concerns about protective efficacy against mismatched viruses. We investigated the impact of heterologous prime-boost vaccination on inducing cross protection by designing recombinant influenza viruses with chimeric hemagglutinin (HA) carrying M2 extracellular domains (M2e-HA). Heterologous prime-boost vaccination of C57BL/6 mice with M2e-HA chimeric virus more effectively induced M2e and HA stalk specific IgG antibodies correlating with cross protection than homologous prime-boost vaccination. Induction of M2e and HA stalk specific IgG antibodies was compromised in 1-year old mice, indicating significant aging effects on priming subdominant M2e and HA stalk IgG antibody responses. This study demonstrates that a heterologous prime-boost strategy with recombinant influenza virus expressing extra M2e epitopes provides more effective cross protection than homologous vaccination.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/biossíntese , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/genética , Imunoglobulina G/biossíntese , Vacinas contra Influenza/genética , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/prevenção & controle , Fatores Etários , Envelhecimento/genética , Animais , Antígenos Virais/genética , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Proteção Cruzada , Feminino , Glicoproteínas de Hemaglutininação de Vírus da Influenza/imunologia , Humanos , Imunização Secundária/métodos , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/patogenicidade , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/patogenicidade , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Influenza/biossíntese , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Influenza Humana/virologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Moleculares , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/química , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/imunologia , Vacinação/métodos , Vacinas Sintéticas , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/imunologia
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