Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.657
Filtrar
1.
Ann Lab Med ; 42(2): 274-277, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635619

RESUMO

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by abnormal CAG repeat expansion in the ataxin 1 gene (ATXN1). The presence of CAT interruption(s) is important for diagnosing SCA1 in patients with 39-44 repeat alleles, as only uninterrupted alleles are considered abnormal. Determining the CAT interruption status might also be important for patients with >44 repeats, as the length of the longest uninterrupted CAG repeat stretch has been correlated with age at SCA1 onset. We detected CAT interruption(s) in the archived samples of Korean SCA1 patients using a traditional restriction enzyme method and validated the usefulness of a fluorescence-based tethering PCR procedure. Among the 2,312 alleles analyzed from 1,156 patients, we found 17 expanded alleles with ≥39 repeats, 71% of which harbored 39-44 repeats. Restriction enzyme method of six samples (four with 39-44 repeats and two with >44 repeats) revealed that none of the expanded alleles had CAT interruption(s). Tethering PCR showed the characteristic electropherogram pattern expected without CAT interruption(s). Along with the enzyme restriction method, tethering PCR can be applied to determine the number of allele repeats and provide information on CAT interruption(s) in clinical laboratories.


Assuntos
Ataxina-1 , Ataxias Espinocerebelares , Degenerações Espinocerebelares , Alelos , Ataxina-1/genética , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , República da Coreia , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/diagnóstico , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/genética , Degenerações Espinocerebelares/genética
2.
Oncol Rep ; 47(1)2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779495

RESUMO

Neurofibromin 1 (NF1) is a tumor suppressor that has been previously reported to regulate RAS­MAPK signaling. The present study investigated the possible relationship between NF1 expression and anti­EGFR antibody (cetuximab) sensitivity in colorectal cancer cell lines. In addition, primary or metastatic colorectal cancer samples from patients treated with cetuximab were assessed for the association of cetuximab sensitivity. The quantities of the NF1 transcript, NF1­related pathway enrichment and NF1 mutation profile were measured and investigated using RNA sequencing and targeted DNA sequencing. Based on growth inhibition and colony formation assay results, cell lines were designated to be cetuximab­sensitive (NCI­H508 and Caco2) or cetuximab­resistant (KM12C and SM480). Western blotting revealed NF1 was highly expressed in cetuximab­sensitive cell lines whilst there was little expression in their cetuximab­resistant counterparts. Knocking down NF1 expression using small interfering RNA in the cetuximab­sensitive cell lines enhanced the phosphorylation of MEK and ERK according to western blotting. NF1 knockdown also reduced apoptosis, as observed by the decreased number of apoptotic bodies by DAPI nuclear staining and reduced cleavage of caspase and poly­(ADP ribose) polymerase. NF1 overexpression by transfection with GTPase­activating protein­related domain subunit rendered the cetuximab­resistant cell lines, KM12C and SW480, more susceptible to cetuximab­induced apoptosis. RNA sequencing of 111 RAS and BRAFV600 wild­type tumor samples collected from cetuximab­treated patients with metastatic colorectal cancer revealed that the pre­treatment NF1 expression levels were not associated with the cetuximab response. However, tumor samples obtained after cetuximab treatment displayed slightly lower NF1 transcript levels compared with those in the pre­treatment samples, suggesting that exposure to the anti­EGFR antibody may be associated with reduced NF1 expression levels. Next­generation sequencing revealed that the frequency of inactivating mutations in NF1 were rare (1.8%) in patients with colorectal cancer and were not associated with the protein expression levels of NF1 except for in a small number of cases (0.5%), where the biallelic inactivation of NF1 was observed. To conclude, the present study showed that modification of NF1 expression can affect sensitivity to cetuximab in colorectal cancer cell lines, though a limitation exists in terms of its potential application as a biomarker for RAS and BRAFV600 wild­type tumors.

3.
Lupus Sci Med ; 8(1)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We have investigated the molecular function of SCAMP5, a candidate risk gene for SLE exclusively expressed in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) among peripheral leucocytes. METHODS: We tested the independence of the association in SCAMP5 with SLE by performing conditional analyses. We profiled the expression pattern of SCAMP5 among circulating leucocytes at the transcript and protein levels. Using lentiviral vectors, we localised the subcellular distribution of SCAMP5 alongside the interferon secretory pathway. We analysed pDCs for the expression of SCAMP5 and interferon production capacity by SCAMP5 genotype. Finally, we examined pDC-specific SCAMP5 isoforms by total RNAseq analysis and examined for genotype-associated quantitative differences therein. RESULTS: A conditional analysis revealed evidence of an independent genetic association of SCAMP5 with SLE. Among circulating leucocytes, SCAMP5 is uniquely expressed in pDCs at the transcript and protein levels, with main presence in the Golgi apparatus and minor presence at the cell periphery. In live cells, SCAMP5 displayed dynamic Golgi-cell surface trafficking and localised with the interferon secretory pathway. SCAMP5 did not differ in expression levels in pDCs between genotyped donors; however, a transient interferon secretory defect was noted in pDCs from donors carrying the risk genotype. CONCLUSIONS: SCAMP5 constitutes a novel SLE risk gene on the basis of genomic data and expression in a cell type widely implicated in SLE pathogenesis. While we could not find evidence of quantitative expression differences in SCAMP5 between genotyped donors, SCAMP5 remains an attractive gene to explore given its highly restricted expression pattern and colocalisation with interferon secretion.

4.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(22): 15519-15530, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739226

RESUMO

National-scale empirical models of air pollution (e.g., Land Use Regression) rely on predictor variables (e.g., population density, land cover) at different geographic scales. These models typically lack microscale variables (e.g., street level), which may improve prediction with fine-spatial gradients. We developed microscale variables of the urban environment including Point of Interest (POI) data, Google Street View (GSV) imagery, and satellite-based measures of urban form. We developed United States national models for six criteria pollutants (NO2, PM2.5, O3, CO, PM10, SO2) using various modeling approaches: Stepwise Regression + kriging (SW-K), Partial Least Squares + kriging (PLS-K), and Machine Learning + kriging (ML-K). We compared predictor variables (e.g., traditional vs microscale) and emerging modeling approaches (ML-K) to well-established approaches (i.e., traditional variables in a PLS-K or SW-K framework). We found that combined predictor variables (traditional + microscale) in the ML-K models outperformed the well-established approaches (10-fold spatial cross-validation (CV) R2 increased 0.02-0.42 [average: 0.19] among six criteria pollutants). Comparing all model types using microscale variables to models with traditional variables, the performance is similar (average difference of 10-fold spatial CV R2 = 0.05) suggesting microscale variables are a suitable substitute for traditional variables. ML-K and microscale variables show promise for improving national empirical models.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Material Particulado/análise , Análise Espacial , Estados Unidos
5.
Plant Sci ; 313: 111069, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763860

RESUMO

Ginsenosides are glycosylated dammarene-type triterpenes that have been identified in distantly related Panax ginseng and Gynostemma pentaphyllum. The phylogenetic relatedness of the ginsenoside biosynthetic genes in the two species was previously unknown. The final steps of ginsenoside biosynthesis are the glycosylations of hydroxylated triterpenes, protopanaxadiol (PPD) and protopanaxatriol (PPT), and their glycosylated forms by UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs). Ginsenoside biosynthetic UGTs have been identified in Panax but not in Gynostemma. Through a biochemical screening of Gynostemma UGTs (GpUGTs), we herein identified three groups of ginsenoside biosynthetic GpUGTs. These groups comprise: two GpUGTs that belong to the UGT71 family and glucosylate the C20-OH positions of PPD- and PPT-type ginsenosides; one GpUGT that belongs to the UGT74 family and glucosylates the C3-OH position of PPD-type ginsenosides; and two GpUGTs that belong to the UGT94 family and add a glucose to the C3-O-glucosides of PPD-type ginsenosides. These GpUGTs belong to the same UGT families as the ginsenoside biosynthetic Panax UGTs (PgUGTs). However, GpUGTs and PgUGTs belong to different subfamilies. Furthermore, cucumber UGTs orthologous to GpUGTs do not glucosylate ginsenosides. These results collectively suggest that, during evolution, P. ginseng and G. pentaphyllum independently opted to use the same UGT families to synthesize ginsenosides.


Assuntos
Vias Biossintéticas/genética , Ginsenosídeos/biossíntese , Ginsenosídeos/genética , Glicosiltransferases/metabolismo , Gynostemma/genética , Gynostemma/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas
6.
Redox Biol ; 48: 102190, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798428

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) initiate tumor formation and are known to be resistant to chemotherapy. A metabolic alteration in CSCs plays a critical role in stemness and survival. However, the association between mitochondrial energy metabolism and the redox system remains undefined in colon CSCs. In this study, we assessed the role of the Sulfiredoxin-Peroxiredoxin (Srx-Prx) redox system and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in maintaining the stemness and survival of colon CSCs. Notably, Srx contributed to the stability of PrxI, PrxII, and PrxIII proteins in colon CSCs. Increased Srx expression promoted the stemness and survival of CSCs and was important for the maintenance of the mitochondrial OXPHOS system. Furthermore, Nrf2 and FoxM1 led to OXPHOS activation and upregulated expression of Srx-Prx redox system-related genes. Therefore, the Nrf2/FoxM1-induced Srx-Prx redox system is a potential therapeutic target for eliminating CSCs in colon cancer.

7.
Biomater Res ; 25(1): 39, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819173

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The addition of bioactive glass (BG), a highly bioactive material with remineralization potential, might improve the drawback of weakening property of mineral trioxide aggregates (MTA) when it encounters with body fluid. This study aims to evaluate the effect of BG addition on physical properties of MTA. METHODS: ProRoot (MTA), and MTA with various concentrations of BG (1, 2, 5 and 10% BG/MTA) were prepared. Simulated body fluid (SBF) was used to investigate the effect of the storage solution on dentin remineralization. Prepared specimens were examined as following; the push-out bond strength to dentin, compressive strength, setting time solubility and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. RESULTS: The 2% BG/MTA showed higher push-out bond strengths than control group after 7 days of SBF storage. The 2% BG/MTA exhibited the highest compressive strength. Setting times were reduced in the 1 and 2% BG/MTA groups, and solubility of all experimental groups were clinically acceptable. In all groups, precipitates were observed in dentinal tubules via SEM. XRD showed the increased hydroxyapatite peaks in the 2, 5 and 10% BG/MTA groups. CONCLUSION: It was verified that the BG-added MTA increased dentin push-out bond strength and compressive strength under SBF storage. The addition of BG did not negatively affect the MTA maturation reaction; it increased the amount of hydroxyapatite during SBF maturation.

8.
Cancer Res Treat ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793665

RESUMO

Purpose: Estrogen receptor (ER) expression in breast cancer plays an essential role in carcinogenesis and disease progression. Recently, tumors with low level (1-10%) of ER expression have been separately defined as ER Low Positive (ERlow). It is suggested that ERlow tumors might be morphologically and behaviorally different from tumors with high ER expression (ERhigh). Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort database was performed. Patients who underwent curative surgery for early breast cancer and had available medical records were included for analysis. Difference in clinicopathological characteristics, endocrine responsiveness and five-year recurrence-free survival was evaluated between different ER subgroups (ERhigh, ERlow, and ER-negative (ER-)). Results: A total of 2162 breast cancer patients were included in the analysis, Tis and T1 stage. Among them, 1654 (76.5%) were ERhigh, 54 (2.5%) were ERlow, and 454 (21.0%) were ER- patients. ERlow cases were associated with smaller size, higher histologic grade, positive human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), negative progesterone receptor, and higher Ki-67 expression. Recurrence rate was highest in ER- tumors and was inversely proportional to ER expression. Recurrence-free survival was not affected by hormonal therapy in the ERlow group (p=0.418). Conclusion: ERlow breast cancer showed distinct clinicopathological features. ERlow tumors seemed to have higher recurrence rates compared to ERhigh tumors, and they showed no significant benefit from hormonal therapy. Future large scale prospective studies are necessary to validate the treatment options for ERlow breast cancer.

9.
Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun ; 77(Pt 11): 427-434, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726182

RESUMO

Glutamine synthetase (GS) is a decameric enzyme that plays a key role in nitrogen metabolism. Acetylation of the N-terminal degron (N-degron) of GS is essential for ubiquitylation and subsequent GS degradation. The full-length GS structure showed that the N-degron is buried inside the GS decamer and is inaccessible to the acetyltransferase. The structure of N-degron-truncated GS reported here reveals that the N-degron is not essential for GS decamer formation. It is also shown that the N-degron can be exposed to a solvent region through a series of conformational adjustments upon ligand binding. In summary, this study elucidated the dynamic movement of the N-degron and the possible effect of glutamine in enhancing the acetylation process.

10.
Psychiatry Investig ; 18(11): 1100-1108, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to empirically determine if indirect exposure to client violence has significant negative effects on social workers' posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) the same way direct victimization does. METHODS: Using a sample of 1,359 social workers drawn from the data collected by the Seoul Association of Social Workers, this study employs descriptive statistics to examine the prevalence of indirect experiences with client violence, and utilizes a series of hierarchical regression analyses to demonstrate the potential impact of indirect exposure to client violence on PTSD. To assess the severity of PTSD symptoms in participants, the Korean version of the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R-K) was employed. RESULTS: A descriptive analysis shows that 12.4% of the sample indirectly experienced client violence by witnessing it or hearing about a violent incident, whereas 6.0% were directly victimized. Hierarchical regression analyses indicate that direct experience (B=4.548, p<0.05) and indirect experience (B=7.297, p<0.001) of client violence have a significant association with the scores on IES-R-K. An investigation of the interaction terms between experiences of client violence and violence-prevention training illustrates that such training significantly moderates the influence on the scores on IES-R-K from indirect exposure to client violence (B=-8.639, p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Social workers who are indirectly exposed to client violence experience PTSD symptoms comparable to their colleagues who were directly victimized. Further, violence-prevention training has greater ameliorative effects with regard to indirect experience of client violence than for direct victimization.

11.
J Biol Res (Thessalon) ; 28(1): 22, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are antioxidant enzymes that protect cells from oxidative stress induced by several factors. They regulate several signaling pathways, such as metabolism, immune response, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a transforming process that induces the loss of epithelial features of cancer cells and the gain of the mesenchymal phenotype. The EMT promotes metastasis and cancer cell progression mediated by several pathways, such as mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and epigenetic regulators. METHODS: We used Prx6 overexpressed and downregulated HCT116 cells to study the mechanism between Prx6 and colon cancer. The expression of Prx6, GAPDH, Snail, Twist1, E-cadherin, Vimentin, N-cadherin, ERK, p-ERK, p38, p-p38, JNK, and p-JNK were detected by Western blotting. Additionally, an animal study for xenograft assay was conducted to explore the function of Prx6 on tumorigenesis. Cell proliferation and migration were determined by IncuCyte Cell Proliferation and colony formation assays. RESULTS: We confirmed that the expression of Prx6 and EMT signaling highly occurs in HCT116 compared with that in other colon cancer cell lines. Prx6 regulates the EMT signaling pathway by modulating EMT-related transcriptional repressors and mesenchymal genes in HCT116 colon cancer cells. Under the Prx6-overexpressed condition, HCT116 cells proliferation increased significantly. Moreover, the HCT116 cells proliferation decreased in the siPrx6-treated cells. Eleven days after HCT116 cell injection, Prx6 was overexpressed in the HCT116-injected mice, and the tumor volume increased significantly compared with that of the control mice. Furthermore, Prx6 regulates EMT signaling through p38 phosphorylation in colon cancer cells. CONCLUSION: We suggested that Prx6 regulates EMT signaling pathway through p38 phosphorylation modulation in HCT116 colon cancer cells.

12.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 747704, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803914

RESUMO

Introduction: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare cancer that accounts for 5% of thyroid cancers. Serum calcitonin is a good biomarker for MTC, which is used for diagnosis, prognosis, and monitoring of recurrence. Calcitonin-negative MTC (CNMTC) is rare but confounds diagnostic and prognostic directions. This study introduces 19 cases of CNMTC in a single center. Method: From 2002 March to 2020 July, more than 76,500 patients had undergone thyroid surgery due to thyroid cancer at the Severance Hospital, and a total of 320 patients were diagnosed with MTC (0.4%). Serum calcitonin levels were obtained from every patient who was suspected with MTC. These patients had undergone either bilateral total thyroidectomy or unilateral thyroidectomy with central compartment lymph node dissection, and additional modified radical lymph node dissection if lateral lymph node metastasis was positive. Postoperative monitoring and out-patient clinic follow-up were performed with obtaining the serum calcitonin levels. Result: Nineteen patients tested negative for calcitonin preoperatively (6%). The mean preoperative calcitonin level was 5.1pg/mL if undetectable level is regarded as 0pg/mL. Only two patients were males, and the female bias was significant (p = 0.017). No one except two patients with modified radical neck dissection showed central compartment lymph node metastasis. Every patient's postoperative calcitonin level remained low. The median follow-up period was 71 months. There was no recurrence and only one fatality, and the overall survival rate was 95%. Conclusion: Since incidence of CNMTC is not negligible, MTC should not be ruled out in the diagnostic phase even if serum calcitonin is negative in preoperative examination. We presented 19 cases of CNMTC whose prognosis in general were favorable. Markers of serum and immunohistochemical samples other than calcitonin should be actively examined.

13.
Investig Clin Urol ; 62(6): 690-696, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729968

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aging on bladder function and caveolin protein expression in rat urothelium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the following two groups: young age control group (12 weeks) and old-aged group of rats (80 weeks). Urodynamic measurements were taken to compare the contraction interval and the contraction pressure between the two groups. The expression and cellular localization of caveolin 1 and 2 in the urothelium of the rat urinary bladder were determined by Western blot and immunofluorescence microscopy. RESULTS: In cystometrograms, the contraction interval (min) was significantly shorter in the old-aged group (3.7±0.5 min) than in the young age control group (6.2±0.8 min). Also, the average contraction pressure (mmHg) was lower in the old-aged group (8.4±0.6 mmHg) than in the young age control group (13.2±1.3 mmHg). Caveolin 1 and 2 were expressed in the subepithelial area in the urothelium. The protein expression of both caveolin 1 and 2 was significantly lower in the old-aged group than in the young age control group. CONCLUSIONS: Aging caused a significant change in the expression of caveolin 1 and 2 in the urothelium of the rat urinary bladder. These findings suggest that these molecules might have specific roles in the functional change of the urinary bladder that occurs in association with aging.


Assuntos
Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa , Urotélio , Envelhecimento , Animais , Caveolina 1 , Feminino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(21)2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769267

RESUMO

Protopanaxadiol (PPD), an aglycon found in several dammarene-type ginsenosides, has high potency as a pharmaceutical. Nevertheless, application of these ginsenosides has been limited because of the high production cost due to the rare content of PPD in Panax ginseng and a long cultivation time (4-6 years). For the biological mass production of the PPD, de novo biosynthetic pathways for PPD were introduced in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the metabolic flux toward the target molecule was restructured to avoid competition for carbon sources between native metabolic pathways and de novo biosynthetic pathways producing PPD in S. cerevisiae. Here, we report a CRISPRi (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats interference)-based customized metabolic flux system which downregulates the lanosterol (a competing metabolite of dammarenediol-II (DD-II)) synthase in S. cerevisiae. With the CRISPRi-mediated suppression of lanosterol synthase and diversion of lanosterol to DD-II and PPD in S. cerevisiae, we increased PPD production 14.4-fold in shake-flask fermentation and 5.7-fold in a long-term batch-fed fermentation.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(21)2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769345

RESUMO

Bacterial colonization and transmission via surfaces increase the risk of infection. In this study, we design and employ novel adhesive antimicrobial peptides to prevent bacterial contamination of surfaces. Repeats of 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine (DOPA) were added to the C-terminus of NKC, a potent synthetic antimicrobial peptide, and the adhesiveness and antibacterial properties of the resulting peptides are evaluated. The peptide is successfully immobilized on polystyrene, titanium, and polydimethylsiloxane surfaces within 10 min in a one-step coating process with no prior surface functionalization. The antibacterial effectiveness of the NKC-DOPA5-coated polystyrene, titanium, and polydimethylsiloxane surfaces is confirmed by complete inhibition of the growth of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus within 2 h. The stability of the peptide coated on the substrate surface is maintained for 84 days, as confirmed by its bactericidal activity. Additionally, the NKC-DOPA5-coated polystyrene, titanium, and polydimethylsiloxane surfaces show no cytotoxicity toward the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. The antimicrobial properties of the peptide-coated surfaces are confirmed in a subcutaneous implantation animal model. The adhesive antimicrobial peptide developed in this study exhibits potential as an antimicrobial surface-coating agent for efficiently killing a broad spectrum of bacteria on contact.

16.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(21)2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771705

RESUMO

Previous studies have suggested that statins can be repurposed for cancer treatment. However, the therapeutic efficacy of statins in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has not yet been demonstrated. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of 408 CML patients who underwent imatinib therapy. The deep molecular response rates in patients treated with the statin/TKI combination were significantly higher than those in patients treated with TKI alone (p = 0.0016). The statin/TKI combination exerted potent cytotoxic effects against wild-type and ABL1 mutant CML, BaF3, and K562/T315I mutant cells. Furthermore, the statin/TKI combination additively inhibited the colony-forming capacity of murine CML-KLS+ cells in vitro. In addition, we examined the additive growth-inhibitory effects of the statin/tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) combination against CML patient-derived CD34+ cells. The growth-inhibitory effects of the statin/imatinib combination against CD34+/CML primary cells were higher than those against CD34+/Norm cells (p = 0.005), suggesting that the combination of rosuvastatin and imatinib exerted growth-inhibitory effects against CML CD34+ cells, but not against normal CD34+ cells. Furthermore, results from RNA sequencing of control and statin-treated cells suggested that statins inhibited c-Myc-mediated and hematopoietic cell differentiation pathways. Thus, statins can be potentially repurposed to improve treatment outcomes in CML patients when combined with TKI therapy.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recently, metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), rather than nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), was proposed to better describe liver disease associated with metabolic dysfunction (MD). In this study, we attempted to investigate the impact of MAFLD on pregnancy complications. METHODS: The current study is a secondary analysis of a multicenter prospective cohort designed to examine the risk of NAFLD during pregnancy. In the first trimester, enrolled pregnant women were evaluated for hepatic steatosis by liver ultrasonography, and blood samples were collected for biochemical measurements. The study population was divided into three groups: no NAFLD, hepatic steatosis but without metabolic dysfunction (non-MD NAFLD), and MAFLD. The primary outcome was the subsequent development of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-associated hypertension, preterm birth, and fetal growth abnormalities. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 1,744 pregnant women, including 1,523 with no NAFLD, 43 with non-MD NAFLD, and 178 with MAFLD. The risk of subsequent development of adverse pregnancy outcomes was higher in MAFLD than in non-MD NAFLD (adjusted odds ratio, 4.03; 95% CI, 1.68-9.67), whereas the risk was not significantly different between no NAFLD and non-MD NAFLD. 3) Among women with no NAFLD, the presence of MD increased the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, women with MAFLD were at higher risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes than women with no NAFLD without MD or those with no NAFLD with MD. CONCLUSIONS: In pregnant women, MAFLD may be associated with an increased risk of subsequent adverse pregnancy outcomes.

18.
Gene Expr Patterns ; : 119216, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798351

RESUMO

MADS-box genes are important transcription factors affecting overall development, but their role in sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] has not been fully studied. This study isolated six novel MADS-box genes (IbSOC1, IbFUL1, IbAGL6, IbSVP1, IbSVP2, and IbSVP3) from sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. cv. Annouimo] during the early root differentiation stage using the de novo transcriptome assembly sequencing method. At the early root differentiation (between 0 and 3 days after transplanting), the IbSOC1, IbFUL1, and IbSVP2 genes decreased rapidly, whereas the IbSVP3 gene decreased gradually. In the early stages of root formation (0-30 days), the levels of IbSVP1 and IbSVP3 expression were steady, but the levels of IbSOC1 expression decreased gradually. The expression of six novel genes was also conducted in the tuberous root formation stage (30-90 days), and the IbSVP3 gene increased significantly according to the formation of the tuberous root. Six novel MADS-box genes that were believed to influence the entire root formation of sweet potato were isolated from the sweet potato. This study provides a genetic basis for further research on sweet potato root formation and development.

19.
Bioresour Technol ; : 126349, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34800639

RESUMO

As numerous industrial bioprocesses rely on yeast fermentation, developing CO2-fixing yeast strains can be an attractive option toward sustainable industrial processes and carbon neutrality. Recent studies have shown that the expression of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase (RuBisCO) in yeasts, such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kluyveromyces marxianus, enables mixotrophic CO2 fixation and production of biofuels. Also, the expression of a synthetic Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) cycle including RuBisCO in Pichia pastoris enables autotrophic growth on CO2. This review highlights recent advances in metabolic engineering strategies to enable CO2 fixation in yeasts. Also, we discuss the potentials of other natural and synthetic metabolic pathways independent of RuBisCO for developing CO2-fixing yeast strains capable of producing value-added biochemicals.

20.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732594

RESUMO

Methylglyoxal (MGO), which is produced as a byproduct of glucose metabolism, is the leading to diabetic cardiovascular complications. Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Lamiaceae) has been reported as a potential plant to control diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, no report exists on the effect of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge extract (SME) on MGO-induced glucotoxicity in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).We demonstrated the protective effects of SME (1, 5, and 10 µg/mL) and its components against MGO-induced endothelial dysfunction in HUVECs. Cytotoxicity was evaluated using the several in vitro experiments. Additionally, the protein expression of receptor of advanced glycation end-products (RAGE), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and glyoxalase system were measured. Then, the inhibitory effects of SME and its main components on MGO-induced oxidative stress, radical scavenging, formation of MGO-derived advanced glycation end products (AGEs), and MGO-AGEs crosslinking were evaluated.SME (10 µg/mL) strongly prevented expressed levels of RAGE, MGO-induced apoptosis and reduced ROS generation in HUVECs, comparing with 1 mM aminoguanidine. Additionally, SME (5 and 10 µg/mL) reduced the expression of proteins (e.g., p-ERK and p-p38) in the MAPKs pathway and upregulated the glyoxalase system in HUVECs. SME (0.5 - 10 mg/mL), dihydrotanshinone (0.4 mM), and rosmarinic acid (0.4 mM) prevented MGO-AGEs formation and broke the MGO-AGE crosslinking. These results show that S. miltiorrhiza has protective effects against MGO-induced glucotoxicity by regulating the proteins involved in apoptosis, glyoxalase system and antioxidant activity.We expect that S. miltiorrhiza is a potential natural resource for the treatment of MGO-induced vascular endothelial dysfunction.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...