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1.
Blood Adv ; 4(5): 868-879, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130407

RESUMO

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is an aggressive peripheral T-cell lymphoma driven by a pool of neoplastic cells originating from T follicular helper (Tfh) cells and concomitant expansion of B cells. Conventional chemotherapies for AITL have shown limited efficacy, and as such, there is a need for improved therapeutic options. Because AITL originates from Tfh cells, we hypothesized that AITL tumors continue to rely on essential Tfh components and intimate T-cell-B-cell (T-B) interactions. Using a spontaneous AITL mouse model (Roquinsan/+ mice), we found that acute loss of Bcl6 activity in growing tumors drastically reduced tumor size, demonstrating that AITL-like tumors critically depend on the Tfh lineage-defining transcription factor Bcl6. Because Bcl6 can upregulate expression of signaling lymphocytic activation molecule-associated protein (SAP), which is known to promote T-B conjugation, we next targeted the SAP-encoding Sh2d1a gene. We observed that Sh2d1a deletion from CD4+ T cells in fully developed tumors also led to tumor regression. Further, we provide evidence that tumor progression depends on T-B cross talk facilitated by SAP and high-affinity LFA-1. In our study, AITL-like tumors relied heavily on molecular pathways that support Tfh cell identity and T-B collaboration, revealing potential therapeutic targets for AITL.

2.
Patient Educ Couns ; 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of sexual knowledge with sexual desire, sexual activity, and sexual satisfaction in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients and partners, and their willingness to participate in sexual education. METHODS: This is a multi-center survey. Patients were eligible if they had received HSCT. Patients' current sexual partners were invited to the study unless they had limitations on sexual activity. Sexual desire, activity and satisfaction was assessed using the Sexual Activity Questionnaire. Sexual knowledge, experience of information seeking, sexual counseling or education, and willingness of participate in sexual education were assessed using questionnaire. RESULTS: Of 151 participants, 61.8 % had experience of receiving counseling about their sexual issues after HSCT. Compared to the lower sexual knowledge group, participants with higher sexual knowledge reported to be 1.91 times more sexually active with 3.04 times higher sexual desire. Among the participants, 79.4 % of participants had the willingness to receive sexual education after HSCT and preferred to receive sexual education from sexual education specialists CONCLUSIONS: Higher sexual knowledge was associated with higher sexual desire, sexual activity, and sexual satisfaction. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Sexual education should be provided to patients and their partners after HCST by trained experts for HSCT patient's sexual life.

3.
Cytokine ; 129: 155048, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a very heterogeneous group of lymphomas, much effort has gone in trying to identify patients with increased risk for early death or secondary central nervous system (CNS) involvement. To better predict their outcomes, we measured the levels of various cytokines in serum samples of patients with DLBCL and analyzed their clinical outcomes. METHODS: We measured the levels of seven serum cytokines at diagnosis in 313 DLBCL patients who were treated with R-CHOP. Their impact on clinical outcomes, including time to secondary CNS involvement and the 3-year overall survival (OS) rate, were analyzed. RESULTS: The median age was 56 years (range, 16-86 years), and 177 patients (57%) were men. Secondary CNS involvement was found in 5.4% (16/294) cases, and time to secondary CNS involvement was significantly short in patients with elevated interleukin (IL)-10 (p = 0.012). With the 3-year OS rate of the whole cohort being 73.6%, serum levels of several cytokines, such as CCL3 > 4.0 pg/mL (54.3% vs. 76.1%, p = 0.001), CCL5 > 450 pg/mL (57.0% vs. 78.1%, p < 0.001), any expression of IL-6 (59.3% vs. 76.6%, p = 0.001), and any expression of IL-10 (68.2% vs. 84.5%, p = 0.001), showed prognostic impact. Higher expressions of these cytokines were associated with worse manifestations of clinical prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that some cytokines impact OS and secondary CNS involvement. Future studies are required to elucidate how these findings can be incorporated to the conventional prognostic factors for more tailored approaches.

4.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 21, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a B cell malignancy that can be aggressive and with a poor prognosis; the clinical course is heterogeneous. The epidemiology of MCL in Asia is not well documented but appears to comprise 2-6% of all lymphoma cases based on available data, with variation observed between countries. Although international guidelines are available for the treatment of MCL, there is a lack of published data or guidance on the clinical characteristics and management of MCL in patient populations from Asia. This paper aims to review the available treatment and, where clinical gaps exist, provide expert consensus from the Asian Lymphoma Study Group (ALSG) on appropriate MCL management in Asia. BODY: Management strategies for MCL are patient- and disease stage-specific and aim to achieve balance between efficacy outcomes and toxicity. For asymptomatic patients with clearly indolent disease, observation may be an appropriate strategy. For stage I/II disease, following international guidelines is appropriate, which include either a short course of conventional chemotherapy followed by consolidated radiotherapy, less aggressive chemotherapy regimens, or a combination of these approaches. For advanced disease, the approach is based on the age and fitness of the patient. For young, fit patients, the current practice for induction therapy differs across Asia, with cytarabine having an important role in this setting. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) may be justified in selected patients because of the high relapse risk. In elderly patients, specific chemoimmunotherapy regimens available in each country/region are a treatment option. For maintenance therapy after first-line treatment, the choice of approach should be individualized, with cost being an important consideration within Asia. For relapsed/refractory disease, ibrutinib should be considered as well as other follow-on compounds, if available. CONCLUSION: Asian patient-specific data for the treatment of MCL are lacking, and the availability of treatment options differs between country/region within Asia. Therefore, there is no clear one-size-fits-all approach and further investigation on the most appropriate sequence of treatment that should be considered for this heterogeneous disease.

5.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(4): e284-e294, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extranodal natural killer (NK) T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is a unique clinicopathological entity, typically associated with poor survival outcomes. Most published data have come from east Asian study groups, with little information available from international cohorts. The effects of treatment advances on routine clinical practice across continental territories has not been clear. We aimed to improve understanding of the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with ENKTL. METHODS: We did a substudy of patients with ENKTL from the T-cell Project, a global prospective cohort study. The T-cell Project registered consecutively diagnosed adults (>18 years) with newly diagnosed, untreated mature T-cell or NK lymphomas (WHO 2001 or 2008 classifications) from 74 centres in 13 countries (in Asia, Europe, North America, and South America). In total, 1695 patients with mature T-cell or NK lymphomas were enrolled between Oct 12, 2006 and Feb 28, 2018 in the T-cell Project. The first patient with ENKTL was enrolled on Feb 15, 2007, and the last on May 26, 2017. Data on baseline characteristics, first-line treatment, treatment response, and survival outcomes were recorded in a central database (locked March 30, 2019). The primary outcome was 5-year overall survival. The T-cell Project is registered on ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01142674. FINDINGS: 166 patients were diagnosed with ENKTL, comprising 11% of 1553 eligible registered cases and distributed across 40 participating centres in four continents. At a median follow-up of 44 months (IQR 20-61), overall survival at 5 years was 54% (95% CI 44-63) in patients with nasal disease (n=98) and 34% (27-46) in patients with extranasal disease (n=68). INTERPRETATION: To our knowledge, this study presents the largest international cohort of patients with ENKTL. We describe a clinically significant improvement in the survival of patients with ENKTL treated in routine clinical practice over the past decade, likely to be attributable to the increasing use of treatment protocols specific for ENKTL. FUNDING: The Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Modena, the Associazione Angela Serra per la Ricerca sul Cancro, the Fondazione Italiana Linfomi, Allos Therapeutics, Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sul Cancro, and the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health.

7.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 120, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interaction of programmed death-1 protein (PD-1) and programmed death-1 ligand (PD-L1) produces immunosuppressive activity, protecting tumor cells from anti-tumor immunity and possibly releasing soluble PD-L1 (sPD-L1) from PD-L1 expressing tumor cells. Therefore, we measured serum levels of sPD-L1 in patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and explored its clinical implications. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with newly diagnosed PCNSL had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and were treated with high-dose methotrexate-containing chemotherapy. The measurement of sPD-L1 and cytokines was performed using serum samples archived at diagnosis, and the tissue expression of PD-L1 was also analyzed from archived paraffin-embedded tissue blocks. Disease relapse, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed according to the extent of sPD-L1 in serum and PD-L1 in tissue. RESULTS: The median level of serum sPD-L1 (0.429 ng/mL) was higher than in healthy control patients (0.364 ng/mL). The occurrence of relapse was more frequent in the high sPD-L1 (78%) than the low sPD-L1 group (50%), though the groups did not have different clinical or pathological characteristics at diagnosis. As a result, the OS and PFS for the high sPD-L1 group were significantly lower than those in the low group. PD-L1-positive tumor cells were found in 35 patients (67%), and the extent of PD-L1-postive tumor cells was positively associated with serum sPD-L1 levels (r = 0.299, P = 0.031). Among the 34 cytokines analyzed, only the serum level of IL-7 correlated with the serum level of sPD-L1 (r = 0.521, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Serum levels of sPD-L1 could reflect the expression of PD-L1 in PCNSL tumor cells and predict patient survival outcomes. Therefore, sPD-L1 in serum could be a feasible biomarker for determining a risk-adapted treatment strategy for PCNSL patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study population was patients who were diagnosed with PCNSL between January 2009 and February 2017 and registered for our prospective cohort studies after providing written informed consent (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00822731 [date of registration - January 14, 2009] and NCT01877109 [date of registration - June 13, 2013]).

8.
Blood ; 135(10): 735-742, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945149

RESUMO

The phase 3 ECHELON-1 study demonstrated that brentuximab vedotin (A) with doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (AVD; A+AVD) exhibited superior modified progression-free survival (PFS) vs doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) for frontline treatment of patients with stage III/IV classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). Maturing positron emission tomography (PET)-adapted trial data highlight potential limitations of PET-adapted approaches, including toxicities with dose intensification and higher-than-expected relapse rates in PET scan after cycle 2 (PET2)-negative (PET2-) patients. We present an update of the ECHELON-1 study, including an exploratory analysis of 3-year PFS per investigator. A total of 1334 patients with stage III or IV cHL were randomized 1:1 to receive 6 cycles of A+AVD (n = 664) or ABVD (n = 670). Interim PET2 was required. At median follow-up of 37 months, 3-year PFS rates were 83.1% with A+AVD and 76.0% with ABVD; 3-year PFS rates in PET2- patients aged <60 years were 87.2% vs 81.0%, respectively. A beneficial trend in PET2+ patients aged <60 years on A+AVD was also observed, with a 3-year PFS rate of 69.2% vs 54.7% with ABVD. The benefit of A+AVD in the intent-to-treat population appeared independent of disease stage and prognostic risk factors. Upon continued follow-up, 78% of patients with peripheral neuropathy on A+AVD had either complete resolution or improvement compared with 83% on ABVD. These data highlight that A+AVD provides a durable efficacy benefit compared with ABVD for frontline stage III/IV cHL, consistent across key subgroups regardless of patient status at PET2, without need for treatment intensification or bleomycin exposure. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01712490 (EudraCT no. 2011-005450-60).

9.
Ann Hematol ; 99(2): 255-264, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897676

RESUMO

We assessed the efficacy and toxicity of etoposide, methylprednisolone, high-dose cytarabine, and oxaliplatin (ESHAOx) combination chemotherapy in patients with refractory or relapsed Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). This was an open-label, non-randomized, multi-center phase II study. The ESHAOx regimen consisted of intravenous (i.v.) etoposide 40 mg/m2 on days 1 to 4, i.v. methylprednisolone 500 mg on days 1 to 5, i.v. cytarabine 2 g/m2 on day 5, and i.v. oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2 on day 1. Cycles (up to six) were repeated every 3 weeks. In an effort to identify prognostic markers, the serum levels of cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were measured at the time of study entry. A total of 37 patients were enrolled, and 36 were available for evaluation of tumor response. The overall response rate was 72.2% (26/36) (complete response, 33.3% [12/36]; partial response, 38.9% [14/36]). The median time to progression was 34.9 months (95% confidence interval, 23.1-46.7 months). The most common grade 3 or 4 hematological adverse events were neutropenia (16/37, 43.2%), followed by thrombocytopenia (10/37, 27.0%). Grade 3 or 4 non-hematological adverse events were nausea (3/37, 8.1%), anorexia (2/37, 5.4%), mucositis (1/37, 2.7%), and skin rash (1/37, 2.7%). There were no treatment-related deaths. High levels of TNF-α and CRP were significantly associated with poorer overall survival (p = 0.00005 for TNF-α, p = 0.0004 for CRP, respectively). The ESHAOx regimen exhibited antitumor activity and an acceptable safety profile in patients with refractory or relapsed HL. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov. Registered February 21, 2011, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01300156.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Doença de Hodgkin , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/sangue , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Oxaliplatina/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue
10.
Am J Hematol ; 95(2): 151-155, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709579

RESUMO

The T Cell Project was the largest prospective trial to explore the incidence, treatment patterns, and outcomes for T cell lymphomas. The rare subtypes of T cell lymphomas, including hepatosplenic T cell lymphoma (HSTCL), enteropathy associated T cell lymphoma (EATL), and peripheral gamma delta T cell lymphomas (PGDTCLs) are poorly represented in most studies and there is little data regarding treatment patterns. We report results from 115 patients with hepatosplenic (n = 31), enteropathy associated (n = 65), and PGDTCLs (n = 19). While anthracycline regimens were most commonly used as first line therapy, response rates ranged from 20%-40% and were suboptimal for all groups. Autologous stem cell transplantation was performed as a consolidation in first remission in a small number of patients (33% of HSTCL, 7% of EATL, and 12% of PGDTCL), and four patients with HSTCL underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation in first remission. The progression free survival at 3 years ranged from 28%-40% for these rare subtypes, and the overall survival at 3 years was most favorable for PGDTCL (70%). These data highlight the need for novel treatment approaches for rare subtypes of T cell lymphomas and for their inclusion in clinical trials.

11.
J Clin Oncol ; 38(2): 155-165, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693429

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with transplantation-ineligible relapsed/refractory (R/R) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) fare poorly, with limited treatment options. The antibody-drug conjugate polatuzumab vedotin targets CD79b, a B-cell receptor component. METHODS: Safety and efficacy of polatuzumab vedotin with bendamustine and obinutuzumab (pola-BG) was evaluated in a single-arm cohort. Polatuzumab vedotin combined with bendamustine and rituximab (pola-BR) was compared with bendamustine and rituximab (BR) in a randomly assigned cohort of patients with transplantation-ineligible R/R DLBCL (primary end point: independent review committee [IRC] assessed complete response [CR] rate at the end of treatment). Duration of response, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression methods. RESULTS: Pola-BG and pola-BR had a tolerable safety profile. The phase Ib/II pola-BG cohort (n = 27) had a CR rate of 29.6% and a median OS of 10.8 months (median follow-up, 27.0 months). In the randomly assigned cohort (n = 80; 40 per arm), pola-BR patients had a significantly higher IRC-assessed CR rate (40.0% v 17.5%; P = .026) and longer IRC-assessed PFS (median, 9.5 v 3.7 months; hazard ratio [HR], 0.36, 95% CI, 0.21 to 0.63; P < .001) and OS (median, 12.4 v 4.7 months; HR, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.75; P = .002; median follow-up, 22.3 months). Pola-BR patients had higher rates of grade 3-4 neutropenia (46.2% v 33.3%), anemia (28.2% v 17.9%), and thrombocytopenia (41% v 23.1%), but similar grade 3-4 infections (23.1% v 20.5%), versus the BR group. Peripheral neuropathy associated with polatuzumab vedotin (43.6% of patients) was grade 1-2 and resolved in most patients. CONCLUSION: Polatuzumab vedotin combined with BR resulted in a significantly higher CR rate and reduced the risk of death by 58% compared with BR in patients with transplantation-ineligible R/R DLBCL.

12.
Psychooncology ; 29(2): 364-372, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) among lymphoma patients who completed treatment and its impact on survival and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 467 lymphoma patients were included who completed treatment with curative intent between February 2012 and March 2017. FCR was measured using a question from the Korean version of the QOL in Cancer Survivors Questionnaire. QOL and general health and functioning were measured using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30. Participants were actively followed up for all-cause and disease-specific mortality. RESULTS: In total, 16.3% of the patients had severe FCR. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality comparing participants with and without severe FCR was 2.52 (95% CI = 1.15-5.54), and the association was stronger in indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) (HR = 6.77; 95% CI = 1.04-43.92). Participants with severe FCR were also at higher risk of lymphoma-specific mortality (HR = 2.62; 95% CI = 1.13-6.05) than patients without severe FCR. Patients with severe FCR had significantly worse general health status (64.3 vs 71.0, P = .03) and physical (82.4 vs 76.7, P < .01), emotional (68.5 vs 84.8, P < .001), and social functioning (67.8 vs 84.2, P < .001) than patients without severe FCR. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial number of participants with lymphoma experience FCR after treatment completion, even in the case of indolent lymphomas. Given the negative impact of severe FCR on survival and general health and functional status, active monitoring and appropriate management of FCR should be considered in clinical settings.

13.
Korean J Intern Med ; 35(1): 194-204, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Real-world data about the treatment outcomes of patients receiving rituximab-containing immunochemotherapy followed by rituximab maintenance are required to understand better the treatment for follicular lymphoma (FL). METHODS: A cross-sectional study analyzed FL patients who were treated with R-CVP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone) or R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) and rituximab maintenance. RESULTS: Of 139 patients, 85 patients received R-CVP and 54 received R-CHOP. The characteristics did not differ significantly between the groups. Only grade 3 of FL was more common in R-CHOP. The complete response rate did not differ significantly between R-CHOP (50/54, 92.6%) and R-CVP (77/85, 90.6%). The number of disease relapses during rituximab maintenance did not differ significantly between the groups (p = 0.798). Therefore, the comparison of progression-free survival (PFS) showed no significant difference: the 3-year PFS rates for R-CVP and R-CHOP were 77% and 85%, respectively (p = 0.567). Although five of 56 hepatitis B virus (HBV) core antibody (anti-HBc)-positive patients experienced HBV reactivation, all cases of HBV reactivation were identified during regular monitoring for HBV DNA in blood, and were successfully managed with antiviral treatment. CONCLUSION: The survival outcomes of FL patients on rituximab maintenance after responding to R-CVP or R-CHOP were similar. Rituximab-containing immunochemotherapy followed by rituximab maintenance can be safely used for anti-HBc-positive patients if HBV DNA titer in blood can be regularly monitored.

14.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(2): 306-316, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extranodal natural killer T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL; nasal type) is an aggressive malignancy with a particularly high prevalence in Asian and Latin American populations. Epstein-Barr virus infection has a role in the pathogenesis of NKTCL, and HLA-DPB1 variants are risk factors for the disease. We aimed to identify additional novel genetic variants affecting risk of NKTCL. METHODS: We did a genome-wide association study of NKTCL in multiple populations from east Asia. We recruited a discovery cohort of 700 cases with NKTCL and 7752 controls without NKTCL of Han Chinese ancestry from 19 centres in southern, central, and northern regions of China, and four independent replication samples including 717 cases and 12 650 controls. Three of these independent samples (451 cases and 5301 controls) were from eight centres in the same regions of southern, central, and northern China, and the fourth (266 cases and 7349 controls) was from 11 centres in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, and South Korea. All cases had primary NKTCL that was confirmed histopathologically, and matching with controls was based on geographical region and self-reported ancestry. Logistic regression analysis was done independently by geographical regions, followed by fixed-effect meta-analyses, to identify susceptibility loci. Bioinformatic approaches, including expression quantitative trait loci, binding motif and transcriptome analyses, and biological experiments were done to fine-map and explore the functional relevance of genome-wide association loci to the development of NKTCL. FINDINGS: Genetic data were gathered between Jan 1, 2008, and Jan 23, 2019. Meta-analysis of all samples (a total of 1417 cases and 20 402 controls) identified two novel loci significantly associated with NKTCL: IL18RAP on 2q12.1 (rs13015714; p=2·83 × 10-16; odds ratio 1·39 [95% CI 1·28-1·50]) and HLA-DRB1 on 6p21.3 (rs9271588; 9·35 × 10-26 1·53 [1·41-1·65]). Fine-mapping and experimental analyses showed that rs1420106 at the promoter of IL18RAP was highly correlated with rs13015714, and the rs1420106-A risk variant had an upregulatory effect on IL18RAP expression. Cell growth assays in two NKTCL cell lines (YT and SNK-6 cells) showed that knockdown of IL18RAP inhibited cell proliferation by cell cycle arrest in NKTCL cells. Haplotype association analysis showed that haplotype 47F-67I was associated with reduced risk of NKTCL, whereas 47Y-67L was associated with increased risk of NKTCL. These two positions are component parts of the peptide-binding pocket 7 (P7) of the HLA-DR heterodimer, suggesting that these alterations might account for the association at HLA-DRB1, independent of the previously reported HLA-DPB1 variants. INTERPRETATION: Our findings provide new insights into the development of NKTCL by showing the importance of inflammation and immune regulation through the IL18-IL18RAP axis and antigen presentation involving HLA-DRB1, which might help to identify potential therapeutic targets. Taken in combination with additional genetic and other risk factors, our results could potentially be used to stratify people at high risk of NKTCL for targeted prevention. FUNDING: Guangdong Innovative and Entrepreneurial Research Team Program, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Program for Support of Top-Notch Young Professionals, Chang Jiang Scholars Program, Singapore Ministry of Health's National Medical Research Council, Tanoto Foundation, National Research Foundation Singapore, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Recruitment Program for Young Professionals of China, First Affiliated Hospital and Army Medical University, US National Institutes of Health, and US National Cancer Institute.

15.
Am J Hematol ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868245

RESUMO

Safety profiles of oral PI3K inhibitors have resulted in US FDA black box warnings regarding fatal/serious toxicities. The approved intravenous PI3K inhibitor copanlisib has low incidence of severe toxicities and no black box warnings, but chronic treatment effects were unknown. We provide an update on safety and efficacy of copanlisib with a minimum 2-year follow-up of the CHRONOS-1 study. A total of 142 patients with histologically confirmed indolent B-cell lymphoma who had relapsed after or were refractory to ≥2 prior treatments received intravenous copanlisib 60 mg on days 1, 8, and 15 (28-day cycle). The primary efficacy endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) after ≥4 cycles (independent assessment). The predominant histology was follicular lymphoma (n = 104). The ORR was 60.6% (seven additional complete responses since primary analysis). Secondary endpoints of median duration of response, progression-free survival, and overall survival were 14.1 months (median follow-up, 16.1 months), 12.5 months (median follow-up, 14.0 months), and 42.6 months (median follow-up, 31.5 months), respectively. Median safety follow-up was 6.7 months; 26% of patients received treatment for >1 year. Common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) (all grade/grade 3/grade 4) were transient hyperglycemia (50.0%/33.1%/7.0%), diarrhea (35.2%/8.5%/0%), transient hypertension (29.6%/23.9%/0%), and neutropenia (28.9%/9.2%/14.8%). Serious AEs were largely unchanged, with no new cases of pneumonitis (4.2%), diarrhea (2.8%), or grade 5 events. Note, TEAEs showed no evidence for increased incidence or worsening following longer exposure in patients treated >1 year. Long-term follow-up of patients with relapsed/refractory indolent B-cell lymphoma treated with intravenous copanlisib demonstrated durable, enhanced responses without evidence of worsening TEAEs, as reported for orally administered PI3K inhibitors.

16.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1080, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The upregulated expression of the JAK/STAT pathway promotes tumor growth in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL). Based on the hypothesis that JAK2 is a therapeutic target, we performed a prospective pilot study using ruxolitinib. METHODS: Relapsed or refractory patients with HL or PMBCL were eligible for this study, and JAK2 amplification was assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Ruxolitinib was administered orally at a dose of 20 mg twice daily for a 28-day cycle. Treatment was continued for up to 16 cycles or until progressive disease or intolerability. The primary objective was to assess the overall disease control rate comprising complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD). RESULTS: We analyzed 13 HL patients and six PMBCL patients. All responders (one CR, five PR, and one SD) had HL whereas all cases of PMBCL progressed after first or second cycle. The disease control rate for HL was 54% (7/13) with median response duration of 5.6 months. JAK2 amplification was present in six of nine patients tested (four HL, two PMBCL), and three of these HL patients showed PR (n = 2) or SD (n = 1). None of the three HL patients shown to not have JAK2 amplification responded to ruxolitinib. Most treatment-related adverse events were grade 1 or 2 and manageable. CONCLUSIONS: Ruxolitinib has single-agent activity against HL but does not act against PMBCL with or without JAK2 amplification. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study population was patients who had relapsed or refractory HL or PMBCL, and patients were registered for our pilot study after providing written informed consent between November 2013 and November 2015 (CilinicalTrials.gov: NCT01965119).

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17641, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702615

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in the proportion of lymphoid neoplasm subtypes in South Korea. A total of 8615 cases of lymphoid neoplasms diagnosed in 1997-2016 at Samsung Medical Center in South Korea were classified according to the 2008 World Health Organization system. The total number and proportion of lymphoid neoplasms were compared between these two decades, with data from nationwide studies, and with other countries. To evaluate changes in the proportion of subtypes, crude rate of each subtype per 100 lymphoma patients during each decade and age adjusted rate were calculated. There were 3024 patients with lymphoid neoplasm in 1997-2006, and 5591 in 2007-2016, which represents an average increase of 1.85 times over the 20-year study period. Crude rate and age adjusted rate were increased in Hodgkin's lymphoma and mature B cell lymphoma while precursor lymphoid neoplasms and mature T cell lymphoma were decreased. Among B cell neoplasms, age adjusted rate of plasma cell neoplasm, follicular lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma increased while there was no significant change in extranodal marginal zone lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma. The increase in follicular lymphoma was due to the increases in nodal follicular lymphoma of low grade and duodenal-type follicular lymphoma. These results are consistent with the dynamics of causative factors, including socioeconomic factors, in Korea.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Células B/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Células T/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752477

RESUMO

Background/Aims: There are limited data about the influence of the central nervous system (CNS) involvement on the prognosis for patients with the Asian variant of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL). Methods: We analyzed 46 patients who were diagnosed with IVLBCL between 2001 and 2018. All patients were treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). Results: CNS involvement was diagnosed by cerebrospinal fluid analysis (n = 6) and brain imaging (n = 5) in 11 patients at diagnosis, and four cases with CNS relapse were found. Thus, 15 patients had CNS involvement (15/46, 33%). The clinical characteristics were not different between patients with and without CNS involvement, but all patients with CNS involvement belonged to the high-risk group of CNS-International Prognostic Index (IPI). Thirty-one patients achieved a complete response (67%, 31/46) whereas eight patients showed disease progression and six patients died after the first or second cycle of R-CHOP. CNS-directed therapy such as high-dose methotrexate was combined with R-CHOP for patients with CNS involvement, and five patients were alive without relapse. The median overall survival of all patients was 45.0 months, and overall survival was not different according to the involvement of CNS. Conclusions: The treatment outcome of patients with the Asian variant of IVLBCL is still not satisfactory. The prediction of CNS involvement based on the clinical features including CNS-IPI score might not serve to identify patients at high risk of CNS involvement, either. Thus, more effective strategies for diagnosis and treatment should be developed.

19.
Mod Pathol ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653980

RESUMO

Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma is an aggressive lymphoma that is strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. Although some extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma patients have shown responses to immune checkpoint blockade, biomarkers for predicting extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma patient response to immunotherapy have not yet been defined. To understand the tumor immune microenvironment, we analyzed the expression of 579 immune-related genes and characterized the immune cells using immunohistochemistries and in situ hybridization for EBER. Based on comprehensive analyses, we developed an immune subtyping model that classifies extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma patients into four tumor immune microenvironment subgroups using three immunohistochemical markers (FoxP3, PD-L1, and CD68). The four tumor immune microenvironment subgroups were named immune tolerance, immune evasion-A, immune evasion-B, and immune silenced. The immune tolerance group was characterized by high-Treg counts and was frequently observed in early stage, and nasal extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. The immune evasion group showed high cytotoxic T-cell counts and high PD-L1 expression but low Treg counts. In the immune-silenced group, almost all immune responses were exhausted, most patients were at an advanced stage, and had the poorest disease prognosis among the tumor immune microenvironment subgroups. In some patients (n = 3), a shift in the tumor immune microenvironment subgroup classification was observed in sequential biopsies. The response rate to pembrolizumab, an anti-PD-1 antibody, was 100% (1/1) in the immune tolerance group, 60% (3/5) in the immune evasion group, and 0% (0/5) in the immune-silenced group. We classified extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma into four tumor immune microenvironment subgroups using a new classification system. In conclusion, we propose that the tumor immune microenvironment of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma may change during disease progression and may serve as a useful biomarker for immunotherapy.

20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14961, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628410

RESUMO

Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (NKTL) is an aggressive type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma closely associated with Epstein-Barr virus and characterized by varying degrees of systemic inflammation. We aim to examine the prognostic significance of peripheral blood neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with NKTL. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective review of 178 patients with biopsy-proven NKTL from the National Cancer Centre Singapore and Samsung Medical Center, South Korea. Using receiver operating curve analysis, an optimal cut-off for high NLR (>3.5) in predicting overall survival (OS) was derived. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariable Cox proportional regression. In patients with high NLR, estimated 5-year OS was 25% compared to 53% in those with low NLR. In multivariable analysis, high NLR, in addition to age ≥60 years, presence of B-symptoms and stage III/IV at diagnosis, was independently correlated with worse OS (HR 2.08; 95% CI 1.36 to 3.18; p = 0.0008) and progression-free survival (HR 1.66; 95% CI 1.11 to 2.46; p = 0.0128). A new prognostic index (NABS score) derived from these factors stratified patients into low (0), low-intermediate (1), high-intermediate (2) and high (3-4) risk subgroups, which were associated with 5-year OS of 76.5%, 55.7%, 29.2% and 0% respectively. In conclusion, high NLR is an independent prognostic marker and the NABS model can be used to risk-stratify NKTL patients.

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