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1.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258525, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A substantial number of patients presenting with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD) have severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than 35%). But data are lacking regarding optimal percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy for these patients. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of IRA (infarct-related artery)-only and multivessel PCI in patients with NSTEMI and MVD complicated by severe LVSD. METHODS: Among 13,104 patients enrolled in the PCI registry from November 2011 to December 2015, patients with NSTEMI and MVD with severe LVSD who underwent successful PCI were screened. The primary outcome was 3-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), defined as all-cause death, any myocardial infarction, stroke, and any revascularization. RESULTS: Overall, 228 patients were treated with IRA-only PCI (n = 104) or MV-PCI (n = 124). The MACE risk was significantly lower in the MV-PCI group than in the IRA-only PCI group (35.5% vs. 54.8%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.561; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.378-0.832; p = 0.04). This result was mainly driven by a significantly lower risk of all-cause death (23.4% vs. 41.4%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.503; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.314-0.806; p = 0.004). The results were consistent after multivariate regression, propensity-score matching, and inverse probability weighting to adjust for baseline differences. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with NSTEMI and MVD complicated with severe LVSD, multivessel PCI was associated with a significantly lower MACE risk. The findings may provide valuable information to physicians who are involved in decision-making for these patients.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doenças Vasculares/patologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/complicações , Doenças Vasculares/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Função Ventricular Esquerda
2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 697, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic surgery for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAI) is known to lead to self-reported symptom improvement. In the context of surgical interventions with known contextual effects and no true sham comparator trials, it is important to ascertain outcomes that are less susceptible to placebo effects. The primary aim of this trial was to determine if study participants with FAI who have hip arthroscopy demonstrate greater improvements in delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of cartilage (dGEMRIC) index between baseline and 12 months, compared to participants who undergo physiotherapist-led management. METHODS: Multi-centre, pragmatic, two-arm superiority randomised controlled trial comparing physiotherapist-led management to hip arthroscopy for FAI. FAI participants were recruited from participating orthopaedic surgeons clinics, and randomly allocated to receive either physiotherapist-led conservative care or surgery. The surgical intervention was arthroscopic FAI surgery. The physiotherapist-led conservative management was an individualised physiotherapy program, named Personalised Hip Therapy (PHT). The primary outcome measure was change in dGEMRIC score between baseline and 12 months. Secondary outcomes included a range of patient-reported outcomes and structural measures relevant to FAI pathoanatomy and hip osteoarthritis development. Interventions were compared by intention-to-treat analysis. RESULTS: Ninety-nine participants were recruited, of mean age 33 years and 58% male. Primary outcome data were available for 53 participants (27 in surgical group, 26 in PHT). The adjusted group difference in change at 12 months in dGEMRIC was -59 ms (95%CI - 137.9 to - 19.6) (p = 0.14) favouring PHT. Hip-related quality of life (iHOT-33) showed improvements in both groups with the adjusted between-group difference at 12 months showing a statistically and clinically important improvement in arthroscopy of 14 units (95% CI 5.6 to 23.9) (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: The primary outcome of dGEMRIC showed no statistically significant difference between PHT and arthroscopic hip surgery at 12 months of follow-up. Patients treated with surgery reported greater benefits in symptoms at 12 months compared to PHT, but these benefits are not explained by better hip cartilage metabolism. TRIAL REGISTRATION DETAILS: Australia New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry reference: ACTRN12615001177549 . Trial registered 2/11/2015.


Assuntos
Impacto Femoroacetabular , Fisioterapeutas , Adulto , Artroscopia , Austrália , Feminino , Impacto Femoroacetabular/diagnóstico por imagem , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Hip Int ; : 11207000211038550, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bony morphology is central to the pathomechanism of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS), however isolated radiographic measures poorly predict symptom onset and severity. More comprehensive morphology measurement considered together with patient factors may better predict symptom presentation. This study aimed to determine the morphological parameter(s) and patient factor(s) associated with symptom age of onset and severity in FAIS. METHODS: 99 participants (age 32.9 ± 10.5 years; body mass index (BMI 24.3 ± 3.1 kg/m2; 42% females) diagnosed with FAIS received standardised plain radiographs and magnetic resonance scans. Alpha angle in four radial planes (superior to anterior), acetabular version (AV), femoral torsion, lateral centre-edge, anterior centre-edge (ACEA) and femoral neck-shaft angles were measured. Age of symptom onset (age at presentation minus duration of symptoms), international Hip Outcome Tool-33 (iHOT-33) and modified UCLA activity scores were recorded. Backward stepwise regression assessed morphological parameters and patient factors (age, sex, BMI, symptom duration, annual income, private/public healthcare system accessed) to determine variables independently associated with onset age and iHOT-33 score. RESULTS: Earlier symptom onset was associated with larger superoanterior alpha angle (p = 0.007), smaller AV (p = 0.023), lower BMI (p = 0.010) and public healthcare system access (p = 0.041) (r2 = 0.320). Worse iHOT-33 score was associated with smaller ACEA (p = 0.034), female sex (p = 0.040), worse modified UCLA activity score (p = 0.010) and public healthcare system access (p < 0.001) (r2 = 0.340). CONCLUSIONS: Age of symptom onset was chiefly predicted by femoral and acetabular bony morphology measures, whereas symptom severity predominantly by patient factors. Factors measured explained a small amount of variance in the data; additional unmeasured factors may be more influential.

5.
Radiology ; 299(1): 150-158, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620288

RESUMO

Background Often used for T1 mapping of hip cartilage, three-dimensional (3D) dual-flip-angle (DFA) techniques are highly sensitive to flip angle variations related to B1 inhomogeneities. The authors hypothesized that 3D magnetization-prepared 2 rapid gradient-echo (MP2RAGE) MRI would help provide more accurate T1 mapping of hip cartilage at 3.0 T than would 3D DFA techniques. Purpose To compare 3D MP2RAGE MRI with 3D DFA techniques using two-dimensional (2D) inversion recovery T1 mapping as a standard of reference for hip cartilage T1 mapping in phantoms, healthy volunteers, and participants with hip pain. Materials and Methods T1 mapping at 3.0 T was performed in phantoms and in healthy volunteers using 3D MP2RAGE MRI and 3D DFA techniques with B1 field mapping for flip angle correction. Participants with hip pain prospectively (July 2019-January 2020) underwent indirect MR arthrography (with intravenous administration of 0.2 mmol/kg of gadoterate meglumine), including 3D MP2RAGE MRI. A 2D inversion recovery-based sequence served as a T1 reference in phantoms and in participants with hip pain. In healthy volunteers, cartilage T1 was compared between 3D MP2RAGE MRI and 3D DFA techniques. Paired t tests and Bland-Altman analysis were performed. Results Eleven phantoms, 10 healthy volunteers (median age, 27 years; range, 26-30 years; five men), and 20 participants with hip pain (mean age, 34 years ± 10 [standard deviation]; 17 women) were evaluated. In phantoms, T1 bias from 2D inversion recovery was lower for 3D MP2RAGE MRI than for 3D DFA techniques (mean, 3 msec ± 11 vs 253 msec ± 85; P < .001), and, unlike 3D DFA techniques, the deviation found with MP2RAGE MRI did not correlate with increasing B1 deviation. In healthy volunteers, regional cartilage T1 difference (109 msec ± 163; P = .008) was observed only for the 3D DFA technique. In participants with hip pain, the mean T1 bias of 3D MP2RAGE MRI from 2D inversion recovery was -23 msec ± 31 (P < .001). Conclusion Compared with three-dimensional (3D) dual-flip-angle techniques, 3D magnetization-prepared 2 rapid gradient-echo MRI enabled more accurate T1 mapping of hip cartilage, was less affected by B1 inhomogeneities, and showed high accuracy against a T1 reference in participants with hip pain. © RSNA, 2021.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Gadolínio DTPA , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Imagens de Fantasmas , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Clin Orthop Relat Res ; 479(5): 935-944, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contemporary studies have described the rotational mechanism in patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). However, there have been limited patient imaging data and information to quantify the rotation. Determining whether the epiphysis is rotated or translated and measuring the epiphyseal displacement in all planes may facilitate planning for surgical reorientation of the epiphysis. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) How does epiphyseal rotation and translation differ among mild, moderate, and severe SCFE? (2) Is there a correlation between epiphyseal rotation and posterior or inferior translation in hips with SCFE? (3) Does epiphyseal rotation correlate with the size of the epiphyseal tubercle or the metaphyseal fossa or with epiphyseal cupping? METHODS: We identified 51 patients (55% boys [28 of 51]; mean age 13 ± 2 years) with stable SCFE who underwent preoperative CT of the pelvis before definitive treatment. Stable SCFE was selected because unstable SCFE would not allow for accurate assessment of rotation given the complete displacement of the femoral head in relation to the neck. The epiphysis and metaphysis were segmented and reconstructed in three-dimensions (3-D) for analysis in this retrospective study. One observer (a second-year orthopaedic resident) performed the image segmentation and measurements of epiphyseal rotation and translation relative to the metaphysis, epiphyseal tubercle, metaphyseal fossa, and the epiphysis extension onto the metaphysis defined as epiphyseal cupping. To assess the reliability of the measurements, a randomly selected subset of 15 hips was remeasured by the primary examiner and by the two experienced examiners independently. We used ANOVA to calculate the intraclass and interclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) for intraobserver and interobserver reliability of rotational and translational measurements. The ICC values for rotation were 0.91 (intraobserver) and 0.87 (interobserver) and the ICC values for translation were 0.92 (intraobserver) and 0.87 (intraobserver). After adjusting for age and sex, we compared the degree of rotation and translation among mild, moderate, and severe SCFE. Pearson correlation analysis was used to assess the associations between rotation and translation and between rotation and tubercle, fossa, and cupping measurements. RESULTS: Hips with severe SCFE had greater epiphyseal rotation than hips with mild SCFE (adjusted mean difference 21° [95% CI 11° to 31°]; p < 0.001) and hips with moderate SCFE (adjusted mean difference 13° [95% CI 3° to 23°]; p = 0.007). Epiphyseal rotation was positively correlated with posterior translation (r = 0.33 [95% CI 0.06 to 0.55]; p = 0.02) but not with inferior translation (r = 0.16 [95% CI -0.12 to 0.41]; p = 0.27). There was a positive correlation between rotation and metaphyseal fossa depth (r = 0.35 [95% CI 0.08 to 0.57]; p = 0.01), width (r = 0.41 [95% CI 0.15 to 0.61]; p = 0.003), and length (r = 0.56 [95% CI 0.38 to 0.75]; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study supports a rotational mechanism for the pathogenesis of SCFE. Increased rotation is associated with more severe slips, posterior epiphyseal translation, and enlargement of the metaphyseal fossa. The rotational nature of the deformity, with the center of rotation at the epiphyseal tubercle, should be considered when planning in situ fixation and realignment surgery. Avoiding placing a screw through the epiphyseal tubercle-the pivot point of rotation- may increase the stability of the epiphysis. The realignment of the epiphysis through rotation rather than simple translation is recommended during the open subcapital realignment procedure. Enlargement of the metaphyseal fossa disrupts the interlocking mechanism with the tubercle and increases epiphyseal instability. Even in the setting of a stable SCFE, an increased fossa enlargement may indicate using two screws instead of one screw, given the severity of epiphyseal rotation and the risk of instability. Further biomechanical studies should investigate the number and position of in situ fixation screws in relation to the epiphyseal tubercle and metaphyseal fossa. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, prognostic study.


Assuntos
Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Escorregamento das Epífises Proximais do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adolescente , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Criança , Epífises/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Escorregamento das Epífises Proximais do Fêmur/fisiopatologia
7.
Clin Orthop Relat Res ; 479(5): 922-931, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33337602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The epiphyseal tubercle, the corresponding metaphyseal fossa, and peripheral cupping are key stabilizers of the femoral head-neck junction. Abnormal development of these features in the setting of supraphysiologic physeal stress under high forces (for example, forces that occur during sports activity) may result in a cam morphology. Although most previous studies on cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) have mainly focused on overgrowth of the peripheral cupping, little is known about detailed morphologic changes of the epiphyseal and metaphyseal bony surfaces in patients with cam morphology. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Does the CT-based bony morphology of the peripheral epiphyseal cupping differ between patients with a cam-type morphology and asymptomatic controls (individuals who did not have hip pain)? (2) Does the CT-based bony morphology of the epiphyseal tubercle differ between patients with a cam-type morphology and asymptomatic controls? (3) Does the CT-based bony morphology of the metaphyseal fossa differ between patients with a cam-type morphology and asymptomatic controls? METHODS: After obtaining institutional review board approval for this study, we retrospectively searched our institutional database for patients aged 8 to 15 years with a diagnosis of an idiopathic cam morphology who underwent a preoperative CT evaluation of the affected hip between 2005 and 2018 (n = 152). We excluded 96 patients with unavailable CT scans and 40 patients with prior joint diseases other than cam-type FAI. Our search resulted in 16 patients, including nine males. Six of 16 patients had a diagnosis of bilateral FAI, for whom we randomly selected one side for the analysis. Three-dimensional (3-D) models of the proximal femur were generated to quantify the size of the peripheral cupping (peripheral growth of the epiphysis around the metaphysis), epiphyseal tubercle (a beak-like prominence in the posterosuperior aspect of the epiphysis), and metaphyseal fossa (a groove on the metaphyseal surface corresponding to the epiphyseal tubercle). A general linear model was used to compare the quantified anatomic features between the FAI cohort and 80 asymptomatic hips (aged 8 to 15 years; 50% male) after adjusting for age and sex. A secondary analysis using the Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank test was performed to assess side-to-side differences in quantified morphological features in 10 patients with unilateral FAI. RESULTS: After adjusting for age and sex, we found that patients with FAI had larger peripheral cupping in the anterior, posterior, superior, and inferior regions than control patients who did not have hip symptoms or radiographic signs of FAI (by 1.3- to 1.7-fold; p < 0.01 for all comparisons). The epiphyseal tubercle height and length were smaller in patients with FAI than in controls (by 0.3- to 0.6-fold; p < 0.02 for all comparisons). There was no difference in tubercle width between the groups. Metaphyseal fossa depth, width, and length were larger in patients with FAI than in controls (by 1.8- to 2.3-fold; p < 0.001 for all comparisons). For patients with unilateral FAI, we saw similar peripheral cupping but smaller epiphyseal tubercle (height and length) along with larger metaphyseal fossa (depth) in the FAI side compared with the uninvolved contralateral side. CONCLUSION: Consistent with prior studies, we observed more peripheral cupping in patients with cam-type FAI than control patients without hip symptoms or radiographic signs of FAI. Interestingly, the epiphyseal tubercle height and length were smaller and the metaphyseal fossa was larger in hips with cam-type FAI, suggesting varying inner bone surface morphology of the growth plate. The docking mechanism between the epiphyseal tubercle and the metaphyseal fossa is important for epiphyseal stability, particularly at early ages when the peripheral cupping is not fully developed. An underdeveloped tubercle and a large fossa could be associated with a reduction in stability, while excessive peripheral cupping growth would be a factor related to improved physeal stability. This is further supported by observed side-to-side differences in tubercle and fossa morphology in patients with unilateral FAI. Further longitudinal studies would be worthwhile to study the causality and compensatory mechanisms related to epiphyseal and metaphyseal bony morphology in pathogenesis cam-type FAI. Such information will lay the foundation for developing imaging biomarkers to predict the risk of FAI or to monitor its progress, which are critical in clinical care planning. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, prognostic study.


Assuntos
Impacto Femoroacetabular/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Criança , Bases de Dados Factuais , Epífises/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Impacto Femoroacetabular/fisiopatologia , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Articulação do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais
8.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(6): 1536-1545, 2021 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320923

RESUMO

Here we present the important findings related to biologically derived pigments for potential use as antibacterial agents. Melanin biopigments extracted from Equus ferus hair exhibit a homogeneous elliptical microstructure with highly ordered semicrystalline features. Spectroscopic analysis indicates that melanin contains a high degree of redox active catechol groups, which can produce reactive oxygen species. The antibacterial activity of melanins was tested by incubating Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus with melanins. The results showed 100% bacterial growth inhibition within 4 h. This finding suggests that melanin pigments may serve as naturally occurring antibacterial agents with unique redox chemistry and reactive oxygen species generation capability.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Cabelo/química , Melaninas/farmacologia , Pigmentos Biológicos/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Cavalos , Melaninas/química , Melaninas/isolamento & purificação , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tamanho da Partícula , Pigmentos Biológicos/química , Pigmentos Biológicos/isolamento & purificação , Propriedades de Superfície
9.
Clin Orthop Relat Res ; 479(5): 947-959, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although femoral retroversion has been linked to the onset of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), and may result from a rotation of the femoral epiphysis around the epiphyseal tubercle leading to femoral retroversion, femoral version has rarely been described in patients with SCFE. Furthermore, the prevalence of actual femoral retroversion and the effect of different measurement methods on femoral version angles has yet to be studied in SCFE. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Do femoral version and the prevalence of femoral retroversion differ between hips with SCFE and the asymptomatic contralateral side? (2) How do the mean femoral version angles and the prevalence of femoral retroversion change depending on the measurement method used? (3) What is the interobserver reliability and intraobserver reproducibility of these measurement methods? METHODS: For this retrospective, controlled, single-center study, we reviewed our institutional database for patients who were treated for unilateral SCFE and who had undergone a pelvic CT scan. During the period in question, the general indication for obtaining a CT scan was to define the surgical strategy based on the assessment of deformity severity in patients with newly diagnosed SCFE or with previous in situ fixation. After applying prespecified inclusion and exclusion criteria, we included 79 patients. The mean age was 15 ± 4 years, 48% (38 of 79) of the patients were male, and 56% (44 of 79) were obese (defined as a BMI > 95th percentile (mean BMI 34 ± 9 kg/m2). One radiology resident (6 years of experience) measured femoral version of the entire study group using five different methods. Femoral neck version was measured as the orientation of the femoral neck. Further measurement methods included the femoral head's center and differed regarding the level of landmarks for the proximal femoral reference axis. From proximal to distal, this included the most-proximal methods (Lee et al. and Reikerås et al.) and most-distal methods (Tomczak et al. and Murphy et al.). Most proximally (Lee et al. method), we used the most cephalic junction of the greater trochanter as the landmark and, most distally, we used the center base of the femoral neck superior to the lesser trochanter (Murphy et al.). The orientation of the distal femoral condyles served as the distal reference axis for all five measurement methods. All five methods were compared side-by-side (involved versus uninvolved hip), and comparisons among all five methods were performed using paired t-tests. The prevalence of femoral retroversion (< 0°) was compared using a chi-square test. A subset of patients was measured twice by the first observer and by a second orthopaedic resident (2 years of experience) to assess intraobserver reproducibility and interobserver reliability; for this assessment, we used intraclass correlation coefficients. RESULTS: The mean femoral neck version was lower in hips with SCFE than in the contralateral side (-2° ± 13° versus 7° ± 11°; p < 0.001). This yielded a mean side-by side difference of -8° ± 11° (95% CI -11° to -6°; p < 0.001) and a higher prevalence of femoral retroversion in hips with SCFE (58% [95% CI 47% to 69%]; p < 0.001) than on the contralateral side (29% [95% CI 19% to 39%]). These differences between hips with SCFE and the contralateral side were higher and ranged from -17° ± 11° (95% CI -20° to -15°; p < 0.001) based on the method of Tomczak et al. to -22° ± 13° (95% CI -25° to -19°; p < 0.001) according to the method of Murphy et al. The mean overall femoral version angles increased for hips with SCFE using more-distal landmarks compared with more-proximal landmarks. The prevalence of femoral retroversion was higher in hips with SCFE for the proximal methods of Lee et al. and Reikerås et al. (91% [95% CI 85% to 97%] and 84% [95% CI 76% to 92%], respectively) than for the distal measurement methods of Tomczak et al. and Murphy et al. (47% [95% CI 36% to 58%] and 60% [95% CI 49% to 71%], respectively [all p < 0.001]). We detected mean differences ranging from -19° to 4° (all p < 0.005) for 8 of 10 pairwise comparisons in hips with SCFE. Among these, the greatest differences were between the most-proximal methods and the more-distal methods, with a mean difference of -19° ± 7° (95% CI -21° to -18°; p < 0.001), comparing the methods of Lee et al. and Tomczak et al. In hips with SCFE, we found excellent agreement (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] > 0.80) for intraobserver reproducibility (reader 1, ICC 0.93 to 0.96) and interobserver reliability (ICC 0.95 to 0.98) for all five measurement methods. Analogously, we found excellent agreement (ICC > 0.80) for intraobserver reproducibility (reader 1, range 0.91 to 0.96) and interobserver reliability (range 0.89 to 0.98) for all five measurement methods in healthy contralateral hips. CONCLUSION: We showed that femoral neck version is asymmetrically decreased in unilateral SCFE, and that differences increase when including the femoral head's center. Thus, to assess the full extent of an SCFE deformity, femoral version measurements should consider the position of the displaced epiphysis. The prevalence of femoral retroversion was high in patients with SCFE and increased when using proximal anatomic landmarks. Since the range of femoral version angles was wide, femoral version cannot be predicted in a given hip and must be assessed individually. Based on these findings, we believe it is worthwhile to add evaluation of femoral version to the diagnostic workup of children with SCFE. Doing so may better inform surgeons as they contemplate when to use isolated offset correction or to perform an additional femoral osteotomy for SCFE correction based on the severity of the slip and the rotational deformity. To facilitate communication among physicians and for the design of future studies, we recommend consistently reporting the applied measurement technique. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, prognostic study.


Assuntos
Retroversão Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Escorregamento das Epífises Proximais do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adolescente , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Retroversão Óssea/fisiopatologia , Criança , Bases de Dados Factuais , Epífises/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Escorregamento das Epífises Proximais do Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother ; 7(6): 475-482, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289158

RESUMO

AIMS: This observational study aimed to investigate the association between beta-blocker therapy and clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), especially with mid-range or preserved left ventricular systolic function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 13 624 patients enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH), 12 200 in-hospital survivors were selected. Patients with beta-blockers showed significantly lower 1-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE), which was a composite of cardiac death, MI, revascularization, and readmission due to heart failure [9.7 vs. 14.3/100 patient-year; hazard ratio (HR) 0.84, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.72-0.97; P = 0.022). However, this association had a significant interaction with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Beta-blocker therapy at discharge was associated with lower 1-year MACE in patients with LVEF ≤40% (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.48-0.81; P < 0.001), and 40%

11.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 17(11): 680-693, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33343647

RESUMO

Background: There are numerous but conflicting data regarding gender differences in outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Furthermore, gender differences in clinical outcomes with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following PCI in Asian population remain uncertain because of the under-representation of Asian in previous trials. Methods: A total of 13, 104 AMI patients from Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH) between November 2011 and December 2015 were classified into male (n = 8021, 75.9%) and female (n = 2547, 24.1%). We compared the demographic, clinical and angiographic characteristics, 30-days and 1-year major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in women with those in men after AMI by using propensity score (PS) matching. Results: Compared with men, women were older, had more comorbidities and more often presented with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and reduced left ventricular systolic function. Over the median follow-up of 363 days, gender differences in both 30-days and 1-year MACCE as well as thrombolysis in myocardial infarction minor bleeding risk were not observed in the PS matched population (30-days MACCE: 5.3% vs. 4.7%, log-rank P = 0.494, HR = 1.126, 95% CI: 0.800-1.585; 1-year MACCE: 9.3% vs. 9.0%, log-rank P = 0.803, HR = 1.032, 95% CI: 0.802-1.328; TIMI minor bleeding: 4.9% vs. 3.9%, log-rank P= 0.215, HR = 1.255, 95% CI: 0.869-1.814). Conclusions: Among Korean AMI population undergoing contemporary PCI, women, as compared with men, had different clinical and angiographic characteristics but showed similar 30-days and 1-year clinical outcomes. The risk of bleeding after PCI was comparable between men and women during one-year follow up.

12.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 102(Suppl 2): 51-58, 2020 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) continues to evolve and is most commonly approached with either hip arthroscopy (HA) or surgical dislocation (SD) of the hip. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of similar patients undergoing surgical treatment of FAI with either HA or SD. METHODS: A prospective multicenter cohort study of patients undergoing primary surgical treatment of FAI was performed. Follow-up at a minimum of 1 year (mean, 4.3 years) was available for 621 hips (81.7%), including 399 procedures with HA and 222 procedures with SD. Propensity scores were calculated and reflect the likelihood of surgical treatment with HA versus SD for a given set of covariates. Propensity scores allowed 1:1 matching to identify similar patients at baseline. After propensity matching, 128 matched pairs of patients who underwent HA and 128 matched pairs of those who underwent SD were included in the study. The primary outcome was the postoperative modified Harris hip score (mHHS); secondary outcomes included the Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score, and the Short Form-12 (SF-12) physical and mental subscores, as well as the rate of persistent symptoms, revision surgery, and total hip arthroplasty (THA). RESULTS: After propensity matching, the 2 groups exhibited similar distributions of all of the covariates that were included in the model. Both groups demonstrated significant improvements in all patient-reported outcomes (PROs). The final mHHS was not significantly different between the 2 matched groups (81.3 for the HA group versus 80.2 for the SD group, p = 0.67). Likewise, the HOOS pain subscale was similar at the time of final follow-up (77.6 versus 80.5, respectively, p = 0.32). No difference between the HA group and the SD group was identified in the rate of THA (0% and 3.1%, respectively, p = 0.41) and revision surgery (7.8% and 10.9%, respectively, p = 0.35); overall rates of persistent symptoms were 21.9% for the HA group and 24.4% for the SD group (p = 0.55). CONCLUSIONS: In a propensity-matched analysis of patients who were treated with either approach, patients undergoing HA or SD demonstrated similar outcomes at a mean of 4 years postoperatively. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Child Orthop ; 14(3): 167-174, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32582383

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate whether body mass index (BMI) percentile impacts the morphology of the capital femoral epiphysis in children and adolescents without hip disorders. Methods: We assessed 68 subjects with healthy hips who underwent a pelvic CT for evaluation of appendicitis. There were 32 male patients (47%) and the mean age was 11.6 years (sd 2.3). The BMI (k/m2) was calculated for sex- and age-related percentiles according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts. CT images were segmented, and the epiphysis and metaphysis were reformatted using 3D software. We measured the epiphyseal tubercle (height, width and length), the metaphyseal fossa (depth, width and length) and the peripheral cupping of the epiphysis. All measurements were normalized to the diameter of the epiphysis. Pearson's correlation analysis was used to assess the correlations between the variables measured and BMI percentile adjusted for age. Results: Following adjustment to age, increased BMI correlated to decreased tubercle height (r =-0.34; 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.53 to -0.11; p = 0.005), decreased tubercle length (r = -0.32; 95%CI -0.52 to -0.09; p = 0.008) and decreased tubercle width (r = -0.3; 95% CI -0.5 to -0.07; p = 0.01). There was no correlation between BMI and metaphyseal fossa and epiphyseal cupping measurements. Conclusion: The association between increased BMI percentile and decreased epiphyseal tubercle size, without changes of the metaphyseal fossa and peripheral cupping suggests another morphological change of the femur that may be associated with decreased growth plate resistance to shear stress. Further study is necessary to investigate whether the epiphyseal tubercle size plays a role in the pathogenesis of slipped capital femoral epiphysis in obese children and adolescents. Level of Evidence: Level IV.

14.
J Child Orthop ; 14(3): 184-189, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32582385

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare the 3D morphology of the metaphyseal fossa among mild, moderate and severe stable slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) and normal hips. Methods: We identified pelvic CT of 51 patients (55% male; mean 12.7 years (sd 1.9; 8-15)) with stable SCFE. In all, 16 of 51 hips (31%) had mild, 14 (27%) moderate and 21 (41%) severe SCFE. A total of 80 patients (50% male; mean age 11.5 years (sd 2.3; 8 to 15)) with normal hips who underwent pelvic CT due to abdominal pain made up the control cohort. CT scans were segmented, and the femur was reformatted using 3D software. We measured the metaphyseal fossa depth, width, length and surface area after the epiphysis was subtracted from the metaphysis in the 3D model. Results: The metaphyseal fossa width was significantly larger in severe (adjusted difference: 6.9%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.1 to 11.8; p = 0.001), moderate (6.5%; 95% CI 0.8 to 12.2; p = 0.02) and mild SCFE (6.2%; 95% CI 0.8 to 11.6; p = 0.01), in comparison with normal hips. Severe SCFE showed larger fossa length compared with mild SCFE (6.8%; 95% CI 0.6 to 13.0; p = 0.02) and normal hips (6.0%; 95% CI 1.4 to 10.6; p = 0.004). The fossa surface area was larger in severe (3.5%; 95% CI 1.3 to 5.7; p < 0.001) and moderate SCFE (2.7%; 95% CI 0.1 to 5.2; p = 0.03) when compared with normal hips. There were no differences in fossa depth between SCFE and normal hips. Conclusion: The metaphyseal fossa is wider and more extensive but not deeper in hips with moderate and severe SCFE in comparison with normal hips. Although hips with severe SCFE had larger length and surface area than mild SCFE hips, further research is needed to clarify whether enlargement of the metaphyseal fossa is a consequence of slip progression. Level of Evidence: III.

15.
Radiology ; 296(2): 381-390, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515680

RESUMO

Background Assessment of femoral torsion at preoperative hip imaging is commonly recommended. However, it is unclear whether MRI is as accurate as CT and how different methods affect femoral torsion measurements. Purpose To compare MRI- and CT-based assessment of femoral torsion by using four commonly used measurement methods in terms of agreement, reproducibility, and reliability and to compare femoral torsion angles between the four different measurement methods. Materials and Methods This retrospective study evaluated patients with hip pain who underwent CT and 3-T MRI of the hip including sequences of the pelvis and distal condyles between May 2017 and June 2018. The four measurement methods differed regarding the landmark levels for the proximal femoral reference axis and included measurements at the level of the greater trochanter, femoral neck, base of the femoral neck, and level of the lesser trochanter. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were calculated, and Bland-Altman analysis was performed. Results Forty-five patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 19 years ± 5; 27 female) and 57 hips were evaluated. Inter- and intrarater reliability were excellent for each of the four CT- and MRI-based measurement methods (ICC range, 0.97-0.99). Mean difference between CT- and MRI-based measurement ranged from 0.3° ± 3.4 (P = .58) to 2.1° ± 4.1 (P < .001). Differences between CT and MRI were within the corresponding ICC variation for all four measurement methods. Mean torsion angles were greater by 17.6° for CT and 18.7° for MRI (all P < .001) between the most proximal to the most distal measurement methods. Conclusion MRI- and CT-based femoral torsion measurements showed high agreement and comparable reliability and reproducibility but were dependent on the level of selected landmarks used to define the proximal reference axis. © RSNA, 2020 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Zoga in this issue.


Assuntos
Fêmur , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Child Orthop ; 14(2): 98-105, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351621

RESUMO

Purpose: Our primary research question was to investigate the severity of deformity and articular damage as well as outcomes in patients undergoing hip arthroscopy compared with open surgery for the treatment of symptomatic slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) deformity. Methods: Retrospective review of surgical treatment of symptomatic SCFE deformity with a minimum one-year follow-up. Patients were divided into three groups: the arthroscopic group, surgical hip dislocation(SHD) group and SHD with femoral osteotomy (SHD+ITO) group. Deformity severity was quantified. Hip outcome was assessed by the modified Merle d'Aubigné Postel (MDP) scores. Results: There were more severe slips treated by SHD and SHD+ITO. There was more severe deformity in the SHD+ITO group than the arthroscopy group (p < 0.001). There were more full thickness acetabular cartilage defects in the SHD and the SHD+ITO groups (> 40%) compared with the arthroscopy group (11%; p = 0.03). The SHD+ITO and SHD group had lower MDP scores compared with the arthroscopy group both before and after surgery but no difference was detected in the amount of improvement from surgery across groups (p > 0.05). Moderate and severe SCFEs had worse preoperative scores but improvement was not different compared with mild SCFEs (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Patients undergoing open treatment had more severe SCFE deformity with more extensive articular damage at reconstructive surgery compared with patients undergoing arthroscopy. All groups with SCFE deformity had improved pain and hip function postoperatively. Level of Evidence: III.

17.
Clin Orthop Relat Res ; 478(7): 1648-1656, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is one of the most-used surgical techniques to treat symptomatic acetabular dysplasia. Although good functional and radiographic short-term and long-term outcomes have been reported, several complications after PAO have been described. One complication that may compromise clinical results is nonunion of an osteotomy. However, the exact prevalence and risk factors associated with nonunion are poorly elucidated. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What proportion of patients have complete bony healing versus nonunion during the first year after PAO? (2) What is the clinical and functional impact of nonunion at a minimum of 1 year after PAO, as assessed by the modified Harris hip score (mHHS) and the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS)? (3) What patient-specific or surgery-specific factors are associated with nonunion at 6 months and at a minimum of 1 year postoperatively? METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2015, we retrospectively identified 314 patients who underwent PAO at our institution. During this period, 28 patients with a diagnosis different from symptomatic acetabular dysplasia (reverse PAO for acetabular over-coverage: n = 25; PAO for skeletal chondrodysplasia: n = 3) underwent PAO but were ineligible to participate. Hence, 286 patients underwent PAO to treat symptomatic acetabular dysplasia during the study period and were considered eligible. Inclusion criteria were patients with a complete set of postoperative radiographs (AP, Dunn lateral, and false-profile) at 12 months or more postoperatively. Eighteen percent (51 of 286) of the patients underwent staged, bilateral PAOs, but we only included the first PAO. Finally, 14% (41 of 286) of the patients were excluded because they had an incomplete set of postoperative radiographs at 12 months or more. The study comprised 245 patients. Eighty-five percent (209 of 245) of the patients were female and the mean age at surgery was 24 years ± 9 years. The healing status (complete healing vs. nonunion) was recorded for ischial, superior pubic, supraacetabular, and posterior column osteotomies at each subsequent visit. Nonunion was defined as noncontiguous osseous union with a persistent radiolucent line across any osteotomy site and was recorded at 3 months, approximately 6 months, and approximately 12 months postoperatively. Calculation of Cohen's kappa statistic coefficients showed the classification had perfect interobserver agreement (0.53; 95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.93), but there was moderate intraobserver agreement between those who healed and those with nonunion. The HOOS and mHHS were collected preoperatively and at a minimum of 1 year after PAO. The HOOS contains five separate subscales for pain, symptoms, activity of daily living, sport and recreational function, and hip-related quality of life. The HOOS responses are normalized on a scale of 0 (worst) to 100 (best). The mHHS includes pain and function scales and is overall interpreted on a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best). Eighty-six percent (211 of 245) of the patients with a complete set of images at their 12-month visit completed the mHHS and 89% (217 of 245) completed the HOOS. We collected information from the patients' medical records about their symptomatic status and additional treatment for nonunion. A logistic regression analysis was used to investigate factors associated with nonunion at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Only 45% (96 of 215) of the patients had complete radiographic healing of all osteotomy sites at the 6-month visit and 55% (119 of 215) had not healed completely. However, 92% (225 of 245) demonstrated complete radiographic healing of all osteotomy sites at approximately 1 year postoperatively. The proportion of nonunion at a minimum of 12 months after PAO was 8% (20 of 245 patients). There was no difference in the mHHS after 1 year or more of follow-up between patients with nonunion and patients with complete healing after PAO (nonunion mean mHHS: 73; 95% CI, 62-85 versus healed: 82; 95% CI, 80-85; p = 0.13) and HOOS pain (nonunion mean HOOS pain: 80; 95% CI, 71-90 versus healed: 86; 95% CI, 83-88; p = 0.16). Similarly, no difference was identified for HOOS symptoms (nonunion mean: 72; 95% CI, 63-80 versus healed: 78; 95% CI, 75-81; p = 0.11), HOOS activities of daily living (nonunion mean: 86; 95% CI, 78-94 versus healed: 91; 95% CI, 89-93; p = 0.09), HOOS sports and recreation (nonunion mean: 70; 95% CI, 57-83 versus healed: 78; 95% CI, 75-82; p = 0.18); and HOOS quality of life (nonunion mean: 60; 95% CI, 46-75 versus healed: 69; 95% CI, 65-72; p = 0.28). After controlling for potentially confounding variables such as gender, age, chisel type, and preoperative anterior center-edge angle, we found that higher BMI (per 1 k/m; odds ratio 1.14; 95% CI, 1.06-1.22; p < 0.01), older age (per 1 year; OR 1.05; 95% CI, 1.01-1.08; p < 0.01) and more-severe acetabular dysplasia as assessed by a decreased preoperative lateral center-edge angle (per 1°; OR 1.06; 95% CI, 1.02-1.11; p < 0.01) were independently associated with nonunion of one or more osteotomy sites at 6 months postoperatively. Only age was an independent predictor of nonunion at 12 months postoperatively (per 1 year; OR 1.06; 95% CI, 1.01-1.11; p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Our study helps us to understand radiographic healing during the first year after PAO to treat symptomatic acetabular dysplasia. Fewer than half of the patients had complete healing of their osteotomies at 6 months postoperatively. More than 90% of patients can expect to have completely healed osteotomy sites at 12 months postoperatively. Surgeons should avoid unnecessary interventions if nonunion is observed radiographically at 6 months postoperatively. Although there was no difference in the HOOS and mHHS between patients with nonunion and those with complete healing, further research with a larger cohort is needed to clarify the impact of nonunion on clinical and functional outcomes after PAO. Surgeons should consider using strategies to enhance osteotomy healing in those who undergo PAO, such as optimizing vitamin D levels and using local bone grafts in older patients, those with a high BMI, and patients with severe acetabular dysplasia. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, therapeutic study.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/cirurgia , Luxação do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Cicatrização , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Luxação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Foodborne Pathog Dis ; 17(10): 602-607, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32250661

RESUMO

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains are important food-borne pathogens that can be transmitted through the consumption of food products derived from pigs. Moreover, antimicrobial resistance in STEC has been a matter of increasing concern. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and antimicrobial characteristics of STEC isolates from pork in Korea. We isolated 131 isolates of E. coli from 334 pork samples collected from slaughterhouses and retail markets from 2008 to 2009. Among the 131 isolates, 6 (4.58%) were confirmed to belong to 6 different serotypes of STEC. All six STEC isolates contained stx1 and eaeA virulence genes, and four of them additionally carried the hly gene. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 15 antibiotics (amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ampicillin, cephalothin, cefoxitin, ceftiofur, gentamicin, neomycin, streptomycin, nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, colistin, chloramphenicol, florfenicol, tetracycline and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim) toward the STEC isolates was determined. As a result, three strains were associated with high MICs for florfenicol and chloramphenicol (64 µg/mL). Furthermore, all three strains were found to contain the florfenicol-resistant gene (floR) but not the chloramphenicol-resistant gene (cat). Sequence alignment and BLAST analysis of the polymerase chain reaction products of the floR gene indicated that they contained sequences with homology to the floR gene of E. coli or Salmonella enterica serovar, Heidelberg. This is the first report on the detection of floR in STEC isolated from pork obtained from retail markets in Korea.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Infecções por Escherichia coli/epidemiologia , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/genética , Adesinas Bacterianas/genética , Animais , DNA Bacteriano , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Proteínas Hemolisinas/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Carne de Porco/microbiologia , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Sorogrupo , Toxina Shiga I/genética , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica/isolamento & purificação , Suínos , Virulência
19.
J Orthop Res ; 38(10): 2213-2219, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32091139

RESUMO

The epiphyseal tubercle plays an important role in epiphyseal stabilization. While the majority of studies have focused on tubercle morphology, there is a paucity of information on the morphological features of the metaphyseal fossa, where the tubercle sits on the metaphysis. The goal of this study was to determine the developmental changes in the capital femoral metaphyseal fossa. Computed tomography of the pelvis from 80 children and adolescents 8-15 years old were used to create three-dimensional models of the proximal femur. Depth, width, length, and surface area of the metaphyseal fossa were measured and the impact of age and sex on fossa morphology was assessed using the linear regression and two-way analysis of variance, respectively. The metaphyseal fossa was located in the posterosuperior quadrant of the metaphysis without any variations in the location with increasing age (P > .1). However, with increasing age, there was a reduction in all metaphyseal fossa measurements including the depth, length, width, and surface area (P < .01). No significant differences were noted for the metaphyseal fossa measurements between males and females (P > .1). The metaphyseal fossa reduces in size from 8 to 15 years of age in a similar fashion in males and females. As the metaphyseal fossa adjacent to the tubercle matches the area where a focal radiolucency has been observed in early slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), further studies should clarify the mechanisms by which the interlocking interaction of the epiphyseal tubercle and its fossa contributes to or is affected by SCFE.


Assuntos
Fêmur/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Articulação do Quadril/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Adolescente , Desenvolvimento do Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Korean Circ J ; 50(3): 220-233, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although complete revascularization is known superior to incomplete revascularization in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (MVCD), there are no definite instructions on the optimal timing of non-culprit lesions percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We compared 1-year clinical outcomes between 2 different complete multi-vessel revascularization strategies. METHODS: From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health, 606 patients with STEMI and MVCD who underwent complete revascularization were enrolled from November 2011 to December 2015. The patients were assigned to multi-vessel single-staged PCI (SS PCI) group (n=254) or multi-vessel multi-staged PCI (MS PCI) group (n=352). Propensity score matched 1-year clinical outcomes were compared between the groups. RESULTS: At one year, MS PCI showed a significantly lower rate of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 0.42; 95% confidential interval [CI], 0.19-0.92; p=0.030) compared with SS PCI. In subgroup analysis, all-cause mortality increased in SS PCI with cardiogenic shock (HR, 4.60; 95% CI, 1.54-13.77; p=0.006), age ≥65 years (HR, 4.00; 95% CI, 1.67-9.58, p=0.002), Killip class III/IV (HR, 7.32; 95% CI, 1.68-31.87; p=0.008), and creatinine clearance ≤60 mL/min (HR, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.10-7.18; p=0.031). After propensity score-matching, MS PCI showed a significantly lower risk of major adverse cardiovascular event than SS PCI. CONCLUSIONS: SS PCI was associated with worse clinical outcomes compared with MS PCI. MS PCI for non-infarct-related artery could be a better option for patients with STEMI and MVCD, especially high-risk patients.

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