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1.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674137

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify prognostic factors for revitrectomy in patients who underwent vitrectomy for complications with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) in multicentre study. METHODS: Consecutive 452 eyes of 452 patients with PDR undergoing 25-gauge microincision vitrectomy system (MIVS) in seven centres were retrospectivity reviewed. Preoperative ocular factors (baseline visual acuity [VA], vitreous haemorrhage [VH], tractional retinal detachment [TRD] and retinal photocoagulation), general factors (sex, age, diabetes duration, HbA1c level, hypertension, anti-coagulant medication and estimated glomerular filtration rate), surgical procedures (preoperative anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injection, internal limiting membrane peeling, combined cataract surgery, retinal break, and tamponade), postoperative complications for revitrectomy and postoperative VA at 6 months were evaluated. RESULTS: In the follow-up period of 6 months, revitrectomy was performed in 56 eyes (26.3%), and postoperative complications for revitrectomy were VH in 31 eyes (15%), TRD in 13 eyes (6.2%) and membrane proliferation in 12 eyes (5.2%). The mean LogMAR improvement from baseline to 6 months in revitrectomy group (0.39) was significantly worse than in single vitrectomy group (0.74). Diabetic duration, low baseline VA, less simple VH, TRD and air tamponade were statistical risk factors of revitrectomy, and logistic regression analysis identified low baseline VA and air tamponade also as prognostic factors of revitrectomy. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that prognosis of VA was worse in PDR patients with revitrectomy and low baseline VA and air as the tamponade material were the potential prognostic factors of revitrectomy.

3.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(22): e013703, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701786

RESUMO

Background Association of baseline hemoglobin levels with long-term adverse events after percutaneous coronary interventions has not been yet thoroughly defined. We aimed to assess the clinical impact of baseline hemoglobin on long-term ischemic and bleeding risk after percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods and Results Using the pooled individual patient-level data from the 3 percutaneous coronary intervention studies, we categorized 19 288 patients into 4 groups: high-normal hemoglobin (≥14.0 g/dL; n=7555), low-normal hemoglobin (13.0-13.9 g/dL in men and 12.0-13.9 g/dL in women; n=5303), mild anemia (11.0-12.9 g/dL in men and 11.0-11.9 g/dL in women; n=4117), and moderate/severe anemia (<11.0 g/dL; n=2313). Median follow-up duration was 3 years. Low-normal hemoglobin, mild anemia, and moderate/severe anemia correlated with significant excess risk relative to high-normal hemoglobin for GUSTO (Global Utilization of Streptokinase and Tissue Plasminogen Activator for Occluded Arteries Trial) moderate/severe bleeding, with adjusted hazard ratios of 1.22 (95% CI, 1.04-1.44), 1.73 (95% CI, 1.47-2.04), and 2.31 (95% CI, 1.92-2.78), respectively. Moderate/severe anemia also correlated with significant excess risk relative to high-normal hemoglobin for the ischemic composite end point of myocardial infarction/ischemic stroke (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.11-1.60), whereas low-normal hemoglobin and mild anemia did not. However, the excess risk of low-normal hemoglobin, mild anemia, and moderate/severe anemia relative to high-normal hemoglobin remained significant for ischemic stroke and for mortality. Conclusions Decreasing baseline hemoglobin correlated with incrementally higher long-term risk for major bleeding, ischemic stroke, and mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention. Even within normal range, lower baseline hemoglobin level correlated with higher ischemic and bleeding risk.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(22): e013356, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701821

RESUMO

Background Prior stroke is regarded as risk factor for bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, there is a paucity of data on detailed bleeding risk of patients with prior hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes after PCI. Methods and Results In a pooled cohort of 19 475 patients from 3 Japanese PCI studies, we assessed the influence of prior hemorrhagic (n=285) or ischemic stroke (n=1773) relative to no-prior stroke (n=17 417) on ischemic and bleeding outcomes after PCI. Cumulative 3-year incidences of the co-primary bleeding end points of intracranial hemorrhage, non-intracranial global utilization of streptokinase and tissue plasminogen activator for occluded coronary arteries (GUSTO) moderate/severe bleeding, and the primary ischemic end point of ischemic stroke/myocardial infarction were higher in the prior hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke groups than in the no-prior stroke group (6.8%, 2.5%, and 1.3%, P<0.0001, 8.8%, 8.0%, and 6.0%, P=0.001, and 12.7%, 13.4%, and 7.5%, P<0.0001). After adjusting confounders, the excess risks of both prior hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes relative to no-prior stroke remained significant for intracranial hemorrhage (hazard ratio (HR) 4.44, 95% CI 2.64-7.01, P<0.0001, and HR 1.52, 95% CI 1.06-2.12, P=0.02), but not for non-intracranial bleeding (HR 1.18, 95% CI 0.76-1.73, P=0.44, and HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.78-1.13, P=0.53). The excess risks of both prior hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes relative to no-prior stroke remained significant for ischemic events mainly driven by the higher risk for ischemic stroke (HR 1.46, 95% CI 1.02-2.01, P=0.04, and HR 1.49, 95% CI 1.29-1.72, P<0.0001). Conclusions Patients with prior hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke as compared with those with no-prior stroke had higher risk for intracranial hemorrhage and ischemic events, but not for non-intracranial bleeding after PCI.

5.
J Infect Chemother ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680038

RESUMO

The secondary in-hospital epidemiological investigation for drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections was conducted to evaluate the in-hospital situation and identify any associations between exoenzyme genotypes and other genotypes and antimicrobial resistance characteristics, at the University Hospital in Kyoto, Japan, following a reported outbreak of antimicrobial-resistant P. aeruginosa ST357 between 2005 and 2014. Twelve of the 546 P. aeruginosa isolates collected during the follow-up period were resistant to more than two classes of antimicrobials. All isolates were resistant to fluoroquinolones and 8 (66.7%) showed carbapenem resistance. None of the isolates fulfilled the clinical criteria for multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa. All isolates were metallo-ß-lactamase test-negative. Among five exoS (-)exoU (+) isolates, three possessing a class 1 integron with gene cassette aadB + cmlA6 were classified as ST357, and one isolate containing a class 1 integron with aacA31 was ST235. Collectively, the second survey results confirm that the initial outbreak is currently undergoing convergence. By combining data from the first and second surveys, we showed that prevalent STs such as ST357 and ST235 are associated with fluoroquinolone resistance, class 1 integron-associated resistance to ß-lactams and aminoglycosides, and cytotoxic exoU (+) genotypes. With the current worldwide spread of ST357 and ST235 isolates, it is important to evaluate epidemiological trends for high-risk P. aeruginosa isolates by continuous hospital monitoring.

7.
Thromb Res ; 184: 50-57, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706068

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) can be considered as one clinical entity, venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the potential differences between PE and DVT might have to be taken into consideration for the decision-making of the optimal treatment strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling 3027 consecutive patients with acute symptomatic VTE. The current study population consisted of 1715 PE patients with or without DVT and 1312 DVT only patients. RESULTS: The adjusted risk for recurrent VTE was not significantly different between the PE and DVT only groups (HR 1.22, 95%CI 0.93-1.60, P = 0.15). PE patients developed recurrent VTE events more often as PE than as DVT only (62% and 38%). The adjusted excess mortality risk of PE patients relative to DVT only patients was significant (HR 1.29, 95%CI 1.11-1.50, P < 0.001), with markedly higher cumulative 30-day incidence of all-cause death in PE patients (6.4% and 1.4%, P < 0.001). The most frequent cause of deaths was cancer death in both groups, and second most frequent cause of deaths in PE patients was fatal PE, most of which developed within 30 days. CONCLUSIONS: The risk for recurrent VTE was not significantly different between PE and DVT, although PE was more likely to develop recurrent VTE as PE. The mortality risk of PE seemed to be higher than that of DVT, which was more remarkable in the short term due to PE death, and less remarkable in the long term due to cancer death.

8.
Infection ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605309

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an educational intervention on reducing the inappropriate use of oral third-generation cephalosporins, the prevalence of resistant bacteria, and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A before-after study was conducted to compare the data for 1 year before and after intervention at a Japanese university hospital. Educational intervention included lectures for all medical staff on oral antibiotics and educational meetings with each medical department. The primary outcome was the use of oral third-generation cephalosporins in inpatients as measured by the monthly median days of therapy (DOTs) per 1000 patient days. Secondary outcomes included the use of each oral antibiotic in inpatients and outpatients, proportion of ß-lactamase-nonproducing ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae (BLNAR), penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (PRSP) and extended-spectrum ß-lactamase producing Escherichia coli (ESBLEC), the incidence of hospital-acquired Clostridioides difficile infection (HA-CDI), and hospital mortality. RESULTS: The use of oral third-generation cephalosporins in inpatients was significantly decreased after intervention [DOTs (interquartile range): 24.2 (23.5-25.1) vs. 3.7 (0.0-7.1), P < 0.001], and the value in outpatients was also decreased significantly. The use of fluoroquinolones and macrolides did not increase after intervention. The proportion of BLNAR, PRSP and ESBLEC did not change significantly during the study period. The incidence of HA-CDI was significantly decreased, and hospital mortality did not change after intervention. CONCLUSION: Educational intervention was effective in reducing the use of oral third-generation cephalosporins without increasing the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and worsening clinical outcome. The prevalence of resistant bacteria did not change during the study period.

9.
Int J Clin Pharm ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654366

RESUMO

Background De-escalation therapy is recommended as an effective antibiotic treatment strategy for several infectious diseases. While there is limited evidence supporting its clinical and cost-effective outcomes in patients with community-acquired bacteremic pneumonia, there is no evidence in patients with nonbacteremic pneumonia. Objective This study aimed to evaluate the antibiotic costs in patients who did and did not receive de-escalation therapy, based on the 2017 Japanese guidelines for the management of community-acquired nonbacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia of the Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS). Setting Kobe university hospital, Japan. Methods A retrospective case series review including antibiotic use and length of hospital stay was conducted using the medical records from April 2008 to May 2019 at a university hospital in Japan. Main outcome measure Impact of antibiotic de-escalation therapy on the antibiotic costs. Results Among 55 patients who were eligible, the treating physicians de-escalated antibiotics in 28 (51%). The differences in the median length of hospital stay and the incidence of adverse drug reactions between the two groups were not statistically significant (p = 0.67 and 1.0, respectively). However, the median total antibiotic cost per infected patient in the de-escalated group was significantly lower than that in the non-de-escalated group [$269.8 ($195-$389) vs. $420.5 ($221-$799), p = 0.048]. Conclusion Antibiotic de-escalation based on the 2017 JRS guidelines leads to a reduction in total antibiotic costs for the management of community-acquired nonbacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628575

RESUMO

Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is an established method for diagnosing physiological coronary artery stenosis. A method for computing FFR using coronary computed tomography (CT) images was recently developed. However, its calculation requires off-site supercomputer analysis. Here, we report the preliminary result of a method using simple estimation of boundary conditions. The lumen boundaries of the coronary arteries were semi-automatically delineated using full width at half maximum of CT number profiles. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of the blood flow was performed using the boundary conditions of a fixed pressure at the coronary ostium and flow rates at each outlet. The total inflow at the coronary ostium was estimated based on the uniform wall shear stress hypothesis and corrected using a hyperemic multiplier to gain a hyperemic flow rate. The flow distribution from a parent vessel to the downstream daughter vessels was determined according to Murray's law. FFR estimated by CFD was calculated as FFRCFD = Pd/Pa. We collected patients who underwent coronary CT and coronary angiography followed by invasively measured FFR and compared FFRCFD with FFR. Sensitivity, specificity, and correlations were assessed. A total of 48 patients and 72 arteries were assessed. The correlation coefficient of FFRCFD with FFR was 0.56. The cut-off value was ≤ 0.80, sensitivity was 59.1%, and specificity was 94.0%. CFD-based FFR using simple boundary conditions for on-site clinical computation provided FFRCFD values that were moderately correlated with invasively measured FFR.

11.
Chest ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The simplified Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (sPESI) score is a practical score for identification of patients with low-risk pulmonary embolism (PE), although it has not been applied in patients with active cancer. The current study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of the sPESI score in patients with PE and active cancer. METHODS: The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling consecutive patients with acute symptomatic VTE. The current study population consisted of 368 patients with PE and active cancer. The 30-day clinical outcomes were compared between patients with sPESI score = 1 and patients with sPESI scores ≥ 2. RESULTS: Overall, 37 patients (10%) died during the 30 days after diagnosis. The cumulative 30-day incidences of mortality, and PE-related death, were lower in patients with sPESI score = 1 than in patients with sPESI scores ≥ 2 (6.3% vs 13.1%; log-rank P = .03; and 0.7% vs 3.9%; log-rank P = .046). Among patients with sPESI score = 1, the predominant cause of death was cancer. There were no significant differences in the cumulative 30-day incidence of recurrent VTE and major bleeding between the two groups (3.9% vs 5.6%; log-rank P = .46; and 6.4% vs 4.5%; log-rank P = .45). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with PE and active cancer, patients with sPESI score = 1 had a lower 30-day mortality rate compared with patients with sPESI scores ≥ 2, and they showed very low PE-related mortality risk, although the overall mortality rate remained high because of cancer-related mortality. They also showed relatively high risks for recurrence and major bleeding, suggesting the need for careful follow-up. TRIAL REGISTRY: UMIN Clinical Trials Registry; No.: UMIN000021132; URL: http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index.htm.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14801, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616027

RESUMO

Inflammation resulting from virus infection is the cause of myocarditis; however, the precise mechanism by which inflammation induces cardiac dysfunction is still unclear. In this study, we investigated the contribution of insulin signalling to inflammatory cardiac dysfunction induced by the activation of signalling by NF-κB, a major transcriptional factor regulating inflammation. We generated mice constitutively overexpressing kinase-active IKK-ß, an essential kinase for NF-κB activation, in cardiomyocytes (KA mice). KA mice demonstrated poor survival and significant cardiac dysfunction with remarkable dilation. Histologically, KA hearts revealed increased cardiac apoptosis and fibrosis and the enhanced recruitment of immune cells. By molecular analysis, we observed the increased phosphorylation of IRS-1, indicating the suppression of insulin signalling in KA hearts. To evaluate the contribution of insulin signalling to cardiac dysfunction in KA hearts, we generated mice with cardiac-specific suppression of phosphatase and tensin homologue 10 (PTEN), a negative regulator of insulin signalling, in the KA mouse background (KA-PTEN). The suppression of PTEN successfully improved insulin signalling in KA-PTEN hearts, and interestingly, KA-PTEN mice showed significantly improved cardiac function and survival. These results indicated that impaired insulin signalling underlies the mechanism involved in inflammation-induced cardiac dysfunction, which suggests that it may be a target for the treatment of myocarditis.

13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(21): e012322, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640466

RESUMO

Background Plaque erosion is responsible for 25% to 40% of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Recent studies suggest that anti-thrombotic therapy without stenting may be an option for this subset of patients. Currently, however, an invasive procedure is required to make a diagnosis of plaque erosion. The aim of this study was to identify clinical or laboratory predictors of plaque erosion in patients with ACS to enable a diagnosis of erosion without additional invasive procedures. Methods and Results Patients with ACS who underwent optical coherence tomography imaging were selected from 11 institutions in 6 countries. The patients were classified into plaque rupture, plaque erosion, or calcified plaque, and predictors were identified using multivariable logistic modeling. Among 1241 patients with ACS, 477 (38.4%) patients were found to have plaque erosion. Plaque erosion was more frequent in non-ST-segment elevation-ACS than in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (47.9% versus 29.8%, P=0.0002). Multivariable logistic regression models showed 5 independent parameters associated with plaque erosion: age <68 years, anterior ischemia, no diabetes mellitus, hemoglobin >15.0 g/dL, and normal renal function. When all 5 parameters are present in a patient with non-ST-segment elevation-ACS, the probability of plaque erosion increased to 73.1%. Conclusions Clinical and laboratory parameters associated with plaque erosion are explored in this retrospective registry study. These parameters may be useful to identify the subset of ACS patients with plaque erosion and guide them to conservative management without invasive procedures. The results of this exploratory analysis need to be confirmed in large scale prospective clinical studies. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03479723.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571121

RESUMO

The relationship between D-dimer level at diagnosis and long-term clinical outcomes has not been fully evaluated in venous thromboembolism (VTE). The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling consecutive acute symptomatic VTE patients in Japan. Patients with available D-dimer levels at diagnosis (N = 2852) were divided into 4 groups according to the D-dimer levels; Quartile 1 (0.0-4.9 µg/mL): N = 682, Quartile 2 (5.0-9.9 µg/mL) N = 694, Quartile 3 (10.0-19.9 µg/mL) N = 710, and Quartile 4 (≥ 20.0 µg/mL): N = 766. The cumulative incidence of all-cause death was higher in Quartile 4 throughout the entire follow-up period (19.9%, 24.9%, 28.8%, and 41.5% at 5-year, P < 0.0001), as well as both within and beyond 30-day. After adjustment, the excess risk of Quartile 4 relative to Quartile 1 for all-cause death remained significant (HR 1.60, 95% CI 1.29-2.03). Similarly, the excess risk of Quartile 4 relative to Quartile 1 for recurrent VTE was significant (HR 1.57, 95% CI 1.02-2.41), which was more prominent in the cancer subgroup. The dominant causes of death in Quartile 4 were pulmonary embolism within 30-day, and cancer beyond 30-day. In conclusions, in VTE patients, elevated D-dimer levels at diagnosis were associated with the increased risk for both short-term and long-term mortality. The higher mortality risk of patients with highest D-dimer levels was driven by the higher risk for fatal PE within 30-day, and by the higher risk for cancer death beyond 30-day. Elevated D-dimer levels were also associated with the increased risk for long-term recurrent VTE, which was more prominent in patients with active cancer.

15.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1050-1060, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484868

RESUMO

Edge restenosis has gained attention as a main cause of restenosis after first-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of edge restenosis and identify the predictors of edge restenosis after second-generation DES implantation. Data were obtained from several postmarketing surveillance (PMS) studies on a cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (CoCr-EES; Xience V/PROMUS, Xience Prime, Xience Prime SV, and Xience Expedition SV), a second-generation DES, in Japan. Angiographic analysis was conducted at the baseline and after eight months on the following subsegments: in-stent region, proximal edge, and distal edge. Restenosis was defined as ≥ 50% diameter stenosis (DS) at follow-up. We used multivariate logistic regression (with lesions as a random effect) to compare the instances of restenosis between the proximal and the distal edges. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the risk factors for restenosis were performed for each subsegment. We analyzed 1,966 lesions in 1,687 patients. The restenosis rates at the in-stent region, proximal edge, and distal edge were 4.4%, 3.0%, and 1.1%, respectively. The risk of restenosis at the distal edge was significantly lower than that at the proximal edge, when adjusted for 13 variables. The predictors of restenosis were postprocedural % diameter stenosis (%DS), postprocedural reference diameter, ≥ 45° bending, stent overlap at the proximal edge, and postprocedural %DS at the distal edge. Our analysis of eight-month angiographic outcomes from CoCr-EES PMS demonstrated that postprocedural %DS is a major predictor of edge restenosis. Edge restenosis is more likely attributable to postprocedural angiographic results than to the patient's background.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Desenho de Prótese , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Cromo , Cobalto , Estudos de Coortes , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Incidência , Japão , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 12(8): e008905, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal cutoff value of fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from coronary computed tomography angiography (FFRCT) remains unclear. METHODS: The current study population consisted of 93 patients with 139 vessels, who had suspected coronary artery disease by computed tomography angiography and underwent invasive FFR. We evaluated diagnostic performance of FFRCT according to different FFRCT cutoff values and FFRCT ranges with invasive FFR ≤0.80 as the reference standard. RESULTS: In per-vessel analysis, median invasive FFR was 0.85 (interquartile range, 0.75-0.90), and 57 out of 139 vessels (41%) showed hemodynamically significant stenosis (≤0.80). Median FFRCT was 0.77 (interquartile range, 0.66-0.84; mean difference [invasive FFR-FFRCT], 0.06±0.11). Per-vessel accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 73%, 95%, 59%, 61%, and 94% for the cutoff value of FFRCT ≤0.80, 81%, 86%, 78%, 73%, and 89% for FFRCT ≤0.75, and 83%, 74%, 89%, 82%, and 83% for FFRCT ≤0.70, respectively. Per-vessel accuracy across the different ranges of FFRCT ≤0.60, 0.61 to 0.70, 0.71 to 0.80, 0.81 to 0.90, and >0.90 with the cutoff value of FFRCT ≤0.80 were 95%, 74%, 32%, 93%, and 100%, respectively. Setting a gray zone of FFRCT 0.71 to 0.80 provided high positive predictive value (82%; n=42/51) in the range of FFRCT ≤0.70 and high negative predictive value (94%; n=48/51) in FFRCT >0.80. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that referral to invasive coronary angiography should be considered individually in the range of FFRCT 0.71 to 0.80, whereas dichotomous decision could be made in FFRCT ≤0.70 and >0.80. Future prospective studies evaluating clinical outcomes are needed to establish optimal FFRCT-based diagnostic algorithm.

17.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561250

RESUMO

Importance: Bioresorbable scaffolds were designed to provide clinical benefits after their complete bioresorption. Prior studies demonstrated early risks with the Absorb polymeric bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS). Whether this risk profile changes over time during the course of its bioresorption is unknown. Objective: To examine outcomes of the first-generation BVS before and after 3 years, the point of its complete bioresorption in animals. Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane database, conference proceedings, and public websites for relevant studies. Study Selection: Eligible studies were randomized clinical trials of BVS vs metallic drug-eluting stents in patients with coronary artery disease with at least 5-year follow-up. Four trials of BVS vs everolimus-eluting stents (EES) with 3384 patients met criteria. Data Extraction and Synthesis: Individual patient data from the 4 trials were pooled, and summary-level meta-analysis was performed. Main Outcomes and Measures: The major effectiveness and safety measures were target lesion failure (TLF; cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization) and device thrombosis. Outcomes were examined through 5-year follow-up and between 0 to 3 and 3 to 5 years. Results: Mean age for the 3384 patients was 62.8 years; 2452 patients were men (72.5%), and diabetes was present in 1020 patients (30.2%). Through 5-year follow-up, treatment with BVS compared with EES was associated with higher rates of TLF (14.9% vs 11.6%; HR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.03-1.54; P = .03) and device thrombosis (2.5% vs 0.8%; HR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.46-5.65; P = .002). Target lesion failure occurred in 11.6% of BVS-treated patients vs 7.9% of EES-treated patients between 0 to 3 years (HR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.12-1.80), and 4.3% of BVS-treated patients vs 4.5% of EES-treated patients between 3 to 5 years (HR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.64-1.31) (P for interaction = .046). Device thrombosis occurred in 2.4% of BVS-treated patients vs 0.6% of EES-treated patients between 0 to 3 years (HR, 3.86; 95% CI, 1.75-8.50) and 0.1% of BVS-treated patients vs 0.3% of EES-treated patients between 3 to 5 years (HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.07-2.70) (P for interaction = .03). These results were consistent by spline analysis and after multiple imputation and multivariable analysis. Conclusions and Relevance: The period of excess risk for the first-generation Absorb BVS ends at 3 years. These data provide mechanistic insights into the timing of adverse events after BVS and identify the hurdles to be overcome for bioresorbable technology to be accepted as a valid alternative for patients with coronary artery disease. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT01751906, NCT01844284, NCT01923740, and NCT01425281.

18.
Circ J ; 83(11): 2271-2281, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the management and prognosis of cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE), leading to uncertainty about optimal management strategies.Methods and Results:The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling 3,027 consecutive acute symptomatic VTE patients in Japan between 2010 and 2014. We divided the entire cohort into 3 groups: active cancer (n=695, 23%), history of cancer (n=243, 8%), and no history of cancer (n=2089, 69%). The rate of anticoagulation discontinuation was higher in patients with active cancer (43.5%, 27.0%, and 27.0%, respectively, at 1 year, P<0.001). The cumulative 5-year incidences of recurrent VTE, major bleeding, and all-cause death were higher in patients with active cancer (recurrent VTE: 17.7%, 10.2%, and 8.6%, P<0.001; major bleeding: 26.6%, 8.8%, and 9.3%, P<0.001; all-cause death: 73.1%, 28.6%, 14.6%, P<0.001). Among the 4 groups classified according to active cancer status, the cumulative 1-year incidence of recurrent VTE was higher in the metastasis group (terminal stage group: 6.4%, metastasis group: 22.1%, under chemotherapy group: 10.8%, and other group: 5.8%, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In a current real-world VTE registry, patients with active cancer had higher risk for VTE recurrence, bleeding, and death, with variations according to cancer status, than patients without active cancer. Anticoagulation therapy was frequently discontinued prematurely in patients with active cancer in discordance with current guideline recommendations.

20.
Circulation ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560216

RESUMO

Optimal antithrombotic therapy after percutaneous coronary interventions in high bleeding risk (HBR) patients is an important issue under active discussion. However, no previous study has compared different dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) duration in HBR patients. Recently, we have reported the STOPDAPT-2 (Short and optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after everolimus-eluting cobalt-chromium stent) trial, suggesting the benefit of 1-month DAPT over 12-month DAPT with reduction of bleeding events without increase in cardiovascular events in an all-comer population1. Very short DAPT might be beneficial particularly in HBR patients, and therefore, we conducted a post-hoc subgroup analysis based on the recently proposed ARC (academic research consortium) HBR criteria2.

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