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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613579

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We assessed the clinical effectiveness of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in comparison with that of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in octogenarians with triple-vessel disease (TVD) or left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. METHODS: From the CREDO-Kyoto registry cohort-2, 527 patients, who were ≥ 80 years of age and underwent the first coronary revascularization for TVD or LMCA disease, were divided into the CABG group (N = 151) and the PCI group (N = 376). RESULTS: The median and interquartile range of patient's age was 82 (81-84) in the CABG group and 83 (81-85) in the PCI group (P = 0.10). Patients > = 85 years of age accounted for 19% and 31% in the CABG and PCI groups, respectively (P = 0.01). The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death was similar between CABG and PCI groups (35.8% vs. 42.9%, log-rank P = 0.18), while CABG showed a lower rate of the composite of cardiac death/MI than PCI (21.7% vs. 33.9%, log-rank P = 0.005). After adjusting for confounders, the lower risk of CABG relative to PCI was significant for all-cause death (HR 0.61, 95% CI 0.43-0.86, P = 0.005), any coronary revascularization (HR 0.25, 95% CI 0.14-0.43, P < 0.001) and the composite of cardiac death/MI (HR 0.52, 95% CI 0.32-0.85, P = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: CABG compared with PCI was associated with a lower adjusted risk for all-cause death, any coronary revascularization, and a composite of cardiac death/MI in very elderly patients with TVD or LMCA disease. CABG seemed an acceptable option for selected octogenarians with severe coronary artery disease.

3.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258415, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624063

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intravitreal anti-VEGF injection (IVI) is administered before vitrectomy to assist management of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR)-related complications. In the clinical setting, retinal surgeons determine the use of preoperative IVI based on individual criteria. In this study, we investigated factors related to the potential bias of retinal surgeons in using IVI prior to vitrectomy for PDR-related complications, and evaluated the real-world outcomes of surgeon-determined preoperative IVI. METHODS: Medical records of 409 eyes of 409 patients who underwent 25-gauge vitrectomy for PDR complications at seven Japanese centers (22 surgeons) were retrospectively reviewed. Ocular factors, demographic and general clinical factors, surgical procedures, and postoperative complications were compared between IVI group (patients who received preoperative IVI; 87 eyes, 21.3%) and non-IVI group (patients who did not receive preoperative IVI; 322 eyes, 78.7%). In addition, baseline HbA1c in IVI group and non-IVI group was compared between eyes with and without postoperative complications. RESULTS: At baseline, IVI group was younger (P<0.001), had shorter duration of diabetes treatment (P = 0.045), and higher frequencies of neovascular glaucoma [NVG] (P<0.001) and tractional retinal detachment [TRD] (P<0.001) compared to non-IVI group. Although IVI group had higher frequencies of intraoperative retinal break and tamponade procedure, there were no significant differences in postoperative complications and additional treatments between two groups. Baseline HbA1c levels were also not correlated with postoperative complications of VH, NVG, and RD both in IVI group and non-IVI group. Logistic regression analysis identified age (P<0.001, odds ratio [OR] 0.95), presence of NVG (P<0.001, OR 20.2), and presence of TRD (P = 0.0014, OR 2.44) as preoperative factors in favor of IVI. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter real-world clinical study, younger age and presence of NVG and TRD were identified as potential biases in using IVI before vitrectomy for PDR complications. Eyes that received preoperative IVI had more intraoperative retinal breaks requiring tamponade than eyes not receiving IVI, but postoperative outcome was not different between the two groups.

5.
J Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518074

RESUMO

Clinicians have been more and more often encountering patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE), including pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis, leading to the increased importance of VTE in daily clinical practice. VTE is becoming a common issue in Asian countries including Japan. The management strategies of VTE have changed dramatically in the past decade including the introduction of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). In addition, there have been several landmark clinical trials assessing acute treatment strategies including thrombolysis and inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. The current VTE guidelines do not recommend the routine use of thrombolysis or IVC filters based on recent evidence; Nevertheless, the prevalence of thrombolysis and IVC filter use in Japan was strikingly high. The novel profiles of DOACs with rapid onset of action and potential benefit of a lower risk for bleeding compared with vitamin K antagonist could make home treatment feasible and is safer even with extended anticoagulation therapy. One of the most clinically relevant issues for VTE treatment is optimal duration of anticoagulation for the secondary prevention of VTE. Considering recent evidence, optimal duration of anticoagulation should be determined based on the risk for recurrence as well as the risk for bleeding in an individual patient. Despite the recent advances for VTE management, there are still a number of uncertain issues that challenge clinicians in daily clinical practice, such as cancer-associated VTE and minor VTE including subsegmental pulmonary embolism and distal deep vein thrombosis, warranting future research. Several clinical trials are now ongoing for these issues, globally as well as in Japan. The current review is aimed to overview the recent advances in VTE management, describe the current status including some domestic issues in Japan, and discuss the future perspective of VTE.

6.
Circ J ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal intensity is unclear for P2Y12receptor blocker therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in real-world clinical practice.Methods and Results:From the CREDO-Kyoto Registry, the current study population consisted of 25,419 patients (Cohort-2: n=12,161 and Cohort-3: n=13,258) who underwent their first PCI. P2Y12receptor blocker therapies were reduced dose of ticlopidine (200 mg/day), and global dose of clopidogrel (75 mg/day) in 87.7% and 94.8% of patients in Cohort-2 and Cohort-3, respectively. Cumulative 3-year incidence of GUSTO moderate/severe bleeding was significantly higher in Cohort-3 than in Cohort-2 (12.1% and 9.0%, P<0.0001). After adjusting 17 demographic factors and 9 management factors potentially related to the bleeding events other than the type of P2Y12receptor blocker, the higher bleeding risk in Cohort-3 relative to Cohort-2 remained significant (hazard ratio (HR): 1.52 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.37-1.68, P<0.0001). Cohort-3 compared with Cohort-2 was not associated with lower adjusted risk for myocardial infarction/ischemic stroke (HR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.87-1.06, P=0.44). CONCLUSIONS: In this historical comparative study, Cohort-3 compared with Cohort-2 was associated with excess bleeding risk, which might be at least partly explained by the difference in P2Y12receptor blockers.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524599

RESUMO

Anticoagulation therapy is prescribed for the prevention of recurrence in patients with venous thromboembolism, which could be temporarily interrupted during invasive procedures. The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling 3027 consecutive patients with acute symptomatic VTE in Japan between January 2010 and August 2014. We identified patients who underwent invasive procedures during the entire follow-up period and evaluated periprocedural managements and clinical outcomes at 30 days after invasive procedures. During a median follow-up period of 1213 (IQR: 847-1764) days, 518 patients underwent invasive procedures with the cumulative incidences of 5.8% at 3 months, 11.1% at 1 year, and 24.0% at 5 years. Among 382 patients in high bleeding-risk category of invasive procedures, anticoagulation therapy had been discontinued already in 62 patients (16%) and interrupted temporarily in 288 patients (75%) during the invasive procedures with bridging anticoagulation therapy with heparin in 214 patients (56%). Among 80 patients in low bleeding-risk category, anticoagulation therapy had been already discontinued in 15 patients (19%) and interrupted temporarily in 31 patients (39%) during invasive procedure with bridging anticoagulation therapy with heparin in 17 patients (21%). At 30 days after the invasive procedures, 14 patients (2.7%) experienced recurrent VTE, while 28 patients (5.4%) had major bleeding. This study elucidated the real-world features of peri-procedural management and prognosis in patients with VTE who underwent invasive procedures during follow-up in the large multicenter VTE registry. The 30-day incidence rates of recurrent VTE and major bleeding events were 2.7% and 5.4%.

8.
Circ J ; 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556592

RESUMO

Optimal antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been changed in parallel with the improvements of coronary stent and antiplatelet therapy. Over the past 25 years, dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin plus P2Y12inhibitor has been the standard of care used after coronary stent implantation. First-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) appeared to increase the risk of late stent thrombosis, and duration of DAPT was prolonged to 12 months. DAPT duration up to 12 months was the dominant strategy after DES implantation in the subsequent >10 years, although there was no dedicated randomized controlled trial supporting this recommendation. The current recommendation of DAPT duration is getting shorter due to the development of new-generation DES, use of a P2Y12inhibitor as a monotherapy, and the increasing prevalence of high-bleeding risk patients. Furthermore, an aspirin-free strategy is now emerging as one of the novel strategies of antiplatelet therapy after PCI. This review gives an overview of the history of antiplatelet therapy and provides current and future perspectives on antiplatelet therapy after PCI.

9.
Int J Cardiol ; 343: 107-113, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the long-term clinical outcomes according to the severity of pulmonary embolism (PE) at initial diagnosis. METHODS: The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling 3027 consecutive patients with acute symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE). After excluding 1312 patients without PE, the current study population consisted of 1715 patients with PE, who were divided into 3 groups according to the clinical severity; massive PE, sub-massive PE and low-risk PE. RESULTS: There were 179 patients (10%) with massive PE, 742 patients (43%) with sub-massive PE, and 794 patients (46%) with low-risk PE. By the landmark analysis at 3 months, the cumulative incidences of recurrent VTE were similar among the 3 groups both within and beyond 3 months (Massive PE: 2.9%, Sub-massive PE: 4.2%, and Low-risk PE: 3.3%, P = 0.61, and 4.3%, 8.8%, and 7.8% at 5 years, P = 0.47, respectively). After adjusting confounders, the risk of massive PE relative to low-risk PE for recurrent VTE beyond 3 months remained insignificant (adjusted HR 0.54, 95% CI: 0.13-1.51, P = 0.27). Patients with massive PE at initial diagnosis more often presented as severe recurrent PE events than those with sub-massive and low-risk PE. CONCLUSIONS: In the current real-world large registry, the long-term risk of overall recurrent VTE in patients with massive PE at initial diagnosis did not significantly differ from those with sub-massive and low-risk PE beyond 3 months, although patients with massive PE at initial diagnosis more frequently developed recurrent VTE as PE with severe clinical presentation.

10.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(12): 1227-1238, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The SYNTAX score II 2020 (SSII-2020) was derived from cross correlation and externally validated in randomized trials to predict death and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACE) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with 3-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to investigate the SSII-2020's value in identifying the safest modality of revascularization in a non-randomized setting. METHODS: Five-year mortality and MACE were assessed in 7,362 patients with 3VD and/or LMCAD enrolled in a Japanese PCI/CABG registry. The discriminative abilities of the SSII-2020 were assessed using Harrell's C statistic. Agreement between observed and predicted event rates following PCI or CABG and treatment benefit (absolute risk difference [ARD]) for these outcomes were assessed by calibration plots. RESULTS: The SSII-2020 for 5-year mortality well predicted the prognosis after PCI and CABG (C-index = 0.72, intercept = -0.11, slope = 0.92). When patients were grouped according to the predicted 5-year mortality ARD, <4.5% (equipoise of PCI and CABG) and ≥4.5% (CABG better), the observed mortality rates after PCI and CABG were not significantly different in patients with lower predicted ARD (observed ARD: 2.1% [95% CI: -0.4% to 4.4%]), and the significant difference in survival in favor of CABG was observed in patients with higher predicted ARD (observed ARD: 9.7% [95% CI: 6.1%-13.3%]). For MACE, the SSII-2020 could not recommend a specific treatment with sufficient accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: The SSII-2020 for predicting 5-year death has the potential to support decision making on revascularization in patients with 3VD and/or LMCAD.

11.
Am J Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497005

RESUMO

Polypharmacy was reported to be associated with increased mortality in various populations. However, there is a scarcity of data on status of polypharmacy and association with long-term mortality in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Among 12,291 patients who underwent first PCI in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3, we evaluated the number of medications at discharge from index PCI hospitalization, and compared long-term mortality across the 3 groups divided by the tertiles of the number of medications. The median number of medications was 6 (interquartile range: 5 to 8), and 88.0% of the patients were on >=5 medications. Most of medications were those related to cardiovascular disease. Patients taking more medications were older and more often had co-morbidities and guideline-indicated medications. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death increased incrementally with increasing number of medications (Tertile 1 [<=5]: 13.1%, Tertile 2 [6 to 7]: 13.9%, and Tertile 3 [>=8]: 18.0%, log-rank p <0.001). After adjusting confounders, the mortality risks of Tertile 2 and Tertile 3 relative to Tertile 1 were no longer significant (Tertile 2: hazard ratio 0.93; 95% confidence interval 0.84 to 1.04; p = 0.23, and Tertile 3: hazard ratio 0.91; 95% confidence interval 0.81 to 1.03; p = 0.14, respectively). In conclusion, in a real-world population of patients who underwent PCI, approximately 90% of patients were on >=5 medications. Increasing medications was associated with higher crude incidence of all-cause death, whereas adjusted mortality risks were similar regardless of the number of medications. These data might suggest that achievement of optimal medical therapy would be preferred, even if it might increase the number of medications used.

12.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(18): e021417, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533047

RESUMO

Background It remains controversial whether long-term clinical impact of newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) in the acute phase of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is different from that of prior AF diagnosed before the onset of AMI. Methods and Results The current study population from the CREDO-Kyoto AMI (Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto Acute Myocardial Infarction) Registry Wave-2 consisted of 6228 patients with AMI who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. The baseline characteristics and long-term clinical outcomes were compared according to AF status (newly diagnosed AF: N=489 [7.9%], prior AF: N=589 [9.5%], and no AF: N=5150 [82.7%]). Median follow-up duration was 5.5 years. Patients with newly diagnosed AF and prior AF had similar baseline characteristics with higher risk profile than those with no AF including older age and more comorbidities. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death was higher in newly diagnosed AF and prior AF than no AF (38.8%, 40.7%, and 18.7%, P<0.001). The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality of newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF remained significant with similar magnitude (HR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.12-1.54; P<0.001, and HR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.14-1.52; P<0.001, respectively). The cumulative 5-year incidence of stroke decreased in the order of newly diagnosed AF, prior AF and no AF (15.5%, 12.9%, and 6.3%, respectively, P<0.001). The higher adjusted HRs of both newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF were significant for stroke, with a greater risk of newly diagnosed AF than that of prior AF (HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.56-2.69; P<0.001, and HR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.00-1.78; P=0.048, respectively). The higher stroke risk of newly diagnosed AF compared with prior AF was largely driven by the greater risk within 30 days. The higher adjusted HRs of newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF were significant for heart failure hospitalization (HR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.35-2.22; P<0.001, and HR, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.82-2.74; P<0.001, respectively) and major bleeding (HR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.23-1.73; P<0.001, and HR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.15-1.60; P<0.001, respectively). Conclusions Newly diagnosed AF in AMI had risks for mortality, heart failure hospitalization, and major bleeding higher than no AF, and comparable to prior AF. The risk of newly diagnosed AF for stroke might be higher than that of prior AF.

13.
Europace ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463733

RESUMO

AIMS: Heart failure (HF) prognosis has been reported similar in patients with preserved vs. reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). This study compared the long-term prognosis of HF patients undergoing radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 5010 patients undergoing RFCA in Kansai Plus AF registry, 656 patients (13.1%) with a documented history of HF were enrolled in the study before RFCA. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, HF hospitalization, and stroke or systemic embolism. Patients with reduced (<40%), mid-range (40-49%), and preserved (≥50%) LVEF were 98 (14.9%), 107 (16.3%), and 451 (68.8%) patients, respectively. The prevalence of ischaemic heart disease and cardiomyopathies was higher among patients with reduced as compared with preserved LVEF (27.6% vs. 10.0%, P < 0.05 and 36.7% vs. 15.3%, P < 0.05, respectively). The median follow-up period was 2.9 years. The 3-year cumulative risk for the primary endpoint was higher in patients with reduced LVEF (32.7%) compared to those with mid-range (11.7%) or preserved (11.6%) LVEF (P < 0.001). Reduced LVEF was the most significant independent risk factor for primary endpoint (hazard ratio, 2.83; 95% confidence interval 1.74-4.61, P < 0.001). The 3-year arrhythmia recurrence rate was similar among the groups (48.2%, 42.8%, and 47.3%, respectively, P = 0.75). CONCLUSION : This study raises hypothesis that patients with HFrEF and AF had approximately three times higher risk for a composite of all-cause death, HF hospitalization, and stroke or systemic embolism after AF ablation compared with patients with HFmrEF or HFpEF.

14.
Int J Cardiol ; 341: 39-45, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between the timing of the first early recurrence and late recurrence after a single catheter ablation procedure for atrial fibrillation is controversial. METHODS: The Efficacy of Short-Term Use of Antiarrhythmic Drugs After Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation trial followed 2038 patients who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. RESULTS: Of the patients, 907 (45%) had early recurrences within 90 days after the initial ablation. We divided these patients into two groups according to the timing of the first early recurrence episode, namely the ER1 group (early recurrence during the early phase; 0-30 days, n = 814) and ER2 group (early recurrence during the late phase; 31-90 days, n = 93). Three years after ablation, patients with early recurrences had a significantly lower event-free rate from late recurrences after a 90-day blanking period than patients without early recurrences (36.2% and 74.2%, respectively; log-rank, P < 0.0001). Three years after ablation, the event-free rate was significantly higher in the ER1 than the ER2 group (38.3% and 17.1%, respectively; log-rank, P < 0.0001). Moreover, the event-free rate at 3 years in the ER2 group was extremely low (5.6%) in patient with non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSION: Early recurrences were strongly associated with late recurrences, especially in patients with the first recurrence episode at >1 month within the blanking period after a single ablation procedure. Therefore, these patients should undergo close observation during follow-up, when they had especially with non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374947

RESUMO

Heavy coronary calcification hinders successful stent implantation, and cutting balloons can be used for post-dilation after stent deployment. However, evidence regarding its use is limited to case reports. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate in-stent dilation in circumferential coronary calcifications using Wolverine cutting balloons, compared with conventional non-compliance (NC) balloons. Circumferential coronary calcification models were designed based on the patient's intravascular ultrasound images. Three-dimensional printed models were subjected to bench tests and software analysis was performed using the finite-element method (FEM). As a result, the bench test showed that higher balloon pressure was needed to dilate the models with stent implantation, either using Wolverine (17.1 ± 2.7 atm) or NC Emerge (18.9 ± 1.8 atm), while lower pressure was needed in models without stents using Wolverine [11.7 ± 2.9 atm, analysis of variance (ANOVA) p < 0.001]. Furthermore, models without stents were all successfully cracked by Wolverine at the first dilation, while models with stent implantation needed more dilations (ANOVA p = 0.0132). The FEM showed similar results that the first principal stress was the highest in Wolverine-dilated models without stents. In conclusion, implanted stents significantly increase the difficulty of balloon dilation and adequate pretreatment is critical for successful coronary stenting.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388329

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Iodine deficiency and excess both cause thyroid dysfunction. Few data describe the relationship between iodine status and outcomes of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in iodine-sufficient areas. We investigated urinary iodine (UI) concentration and its relationship with the clinical course of CH. METHODS: We reviewed and retrospectively analyzed patients with positive newborn screening (NBS) for CH from January 2012 to June 2019 in Japan, obtaining UI and UI-urine creatinine ratio (UI/Cr), serum TSH, free T4, free T3 and thyroglobulin (Tg) at the first visit, TSH at NBS, levothyroxine (LT4) dose, and subsequent doses. A UI value of 100-299 µg/L was considered adequate. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were included. Median UI and UI/Cr were 325 µg/L and 3,930 µg/gCr, respectively. UI was high (≥300 µg/L) in 26 (54%) and low (≤99 µg/L) in 11 (23%). LT4 was administered to 34 patients. Iodine status was not related to the need for treatment. We found a U-shaped relationship between Tg and UI/Cr. Patients with high Tg (≥400 ng/mL) and abnormal UI levels required significantly lower LT4 doses (≤20 µg/day) at three years of age. Even if they showed severe hypothyroidism initially, they did not need subsequent dose increments. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal UI levels with Tg elevation were associated with lower LT4 dose requirements. The evaluation of iodine status and Tg concentrations were considered useful in patients suspected of CH.

17.
Nat Rev Cardiol ; 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426673

RESUMO

For many years, bleeding has been perceived as an unavoidable consequence of strategies aimed at reducing thrombotic complications in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the paradigm has now shifted towards bleeding being recognized as a prognostically unfavourable event to the same extent as having a new or recurrent ischaemic or thrombotic complication. As such, in parallel with progress in device and drug development for PCI, there is clinical interest in developing strategies that maximize not only the efficacy but also the safety (for example, by minimizing bleeding) of any antithrombotic treatment or procedural aspect before, during or after PCI. In this Review, we discuss contemporary data and aspects of bleeding avoidance strategies in PCI, including risk stratification, timing of revascularization, pretreatment with antiplatelet agents, selection of vascular access, choice of coronary stents and antithrombotic treatment regimens.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26892, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397913

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: There was no previous report on the prognostic impact of new-onset or improved anemia after discharge from acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).We analyzed 771 patients with ADHF and who were followed in multicenters in Japan was divided into 4 groups based on the hemoglobin values at discharge and 6-month index visit: 373 patients (48.4%) with persistent anemia, 87 patients (11.3%) with new-onset anemia, 91 patients (11.8%) with improved anemia, and 220 patients (28.5%) without anemia.The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization after index visit. The cumulative 6-month incidences of the primary outcome measure were 25.2% for persistent anemia, 18.5% for new onset anemia, 9.0% for improved anemia, and 9.2% for no anemia (log-rank P < .001). Compared with the no anemia group, the excess risk for the primary outcome measure remained significant in the persistent anemia group [hazard ratio (HR) 2.70, 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.45-5.44, P = .001] and in the new-onset anemia group (HR 2.73, 95% CI 1.19-6.25, P = .02), while it was not significant in the improved anemia group (HR 1.69, 95% CI 0.68-4.03, P = .25).Persistent and new-onset anemia at 6-month visit were associated with a subsequent higher risk for all-cause death or HF hospitalization in patients with ADHF, suggesting the importance of detecting anemia during follow-up.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e021257, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323122

RESUMO

Background Heart failure might be an important determinant in choosing coronary revascularization modalities. There was no previous study evaluating the effect of heart failure on long-term clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) relative to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods and Results Among 14 867 consecutive patients undergoing first coronary revascularization with PCI or isolated CABG between January 2011 and December 2013 in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3, we identified the current study population of 3380 patients with three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease, and compared clinical outcomes between PCI and CABG stratified by the subgroup based on the status of heart failure. There were 827 patients with heart failure (PCI: N=511, and CABG: N=316), and 2553 patients without heart failure (PCI: N=1619, and CABG: N=934). In patients with heart failure, the PCI group compared with the CABG group more often had advanced age, severe frailty, acute and severe heart failure, and elevated inflammatory markers. During a median 5.9 years of follow-up, there was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG (interaction P=0.009), with excess mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG in patients with heart failure (HR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.28-2.42; P<0.001) and no excess mortality risk in patients without heart failure (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.80-1.34; P=0.77). Conclusions There was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG with excess risk in patients with heart failure and neutral risk in patients without heart failure.

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