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1.
J Vet Pharmacol Ther ; 43(5): 435-439, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32743801

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of tolfenamic acid (TA) following intravenous (IV) administration at doses of 2 and 4 mg/kg in goats. In this study, six healthy goats were used. TA was administered intravenously to each goat at 2 and 4 mg/kg doses in a cross-over pharmacokinetic design with a 15-day washout period. Plasma concentrations of TA were analyzed using the high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detector, and pharmacokinetic parameters were assigned by noncompartmental analysis. Following IV administration at dose of 2 mg/kg, area under the concentration-time curve (AUC0-∞ ), elimination half-life (t1/2ʎz ), total clearance (ClT ) and volume of distribution at steady state (Vdss ) were 6.64 ± 0.81 hr* µg/ml, 1.57 ± 0.14 hr, 0.30 ± 0.04 L h-1  kg-1 and 0.40 ± 0.05 L/kg, respectively. After the administration of TA at a dose of 4 mg/kg showed prolonged t1/2ʎz , increased dose-normalized AUC0-∞ , and decreased ClT . In goats, TA at 4 mg/kg dose can be administered wider dose intervals compared to the 2 mg/kg dose. However, further studies are needed to determine the effect of different doses on the clinical efficacy of TA in goats.

2.
J Vet Pharmacol Ther ; 43(5): 440-447, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815194

RESUMO

The pharmacokinetics of cefquinome (2 mg/kg every 24 hr for 5 days) was determined following intramuscular administration alone and co-administration with ketoprofen (3 mg/kg every 24 hr for 5 days) in goats. Six goats were used for the study. In the study, the crossover pharmacokinetics design with 20-day washout period was performed in two periods. Plasma concentrations of cefquinome were assayed using high-performance liquid chromatography by ultraviolet detection. The mean terminal elimination half-life (t1/2ʎz ), area under the concentration-time curve (AUC0-24 ), peak concentration (Cmax ), apparent volume of distribution (Vdarea /F), and total body clearance (CL/F) of cefquinome after the administration alone were 4.85 hr, 11.06 hr*µg/ml, 2.37 µg/mL, 1.23 L/kg, and 0.17 L/h/kg after the first dose, and 5.88 hr, 17.01 hr*µg/mL, 3.04 µg/mL, 0.95 L/kg, and 0.11 L/h/kg after the last dose. Ketoprofen significantly prolonged t1/2ʎz of cefquinome, increased AUC0-24 and Cmax , and decreased Vdarea /F and CL/F. Cefquinome exhibited low accumulation after the administration alone and in combination with ketoprofen. These results indicated that ketoprofen prolonged the elimination of cefquinome in goats. The 24-hr dosing intervals at 2 mg/kg dose of cefquinome, which co-administered with ketoprofen, may maintain T> minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values above 40% in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible pathogens with the MIC value of ≤0.75 µg/ml in goats with an inflammatory condition.

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