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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to carry out a systematic review of available data regarding case reports and case series of oral and maxillofacial benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH). STUDY DESIGN: A search strategy was performed using the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE electronic databases. RESULTS: Male individuals (56.89%) were more affected, with a mean age of 34.55 ± 20 years. The buccal mucosa (20.33%) represented the most common site, with the clinical presentation of a painless (86.95%) nodule (98.03%). The clinical hypothesis of a fibroma was reported in most cases (31.57%). Radiographic presentation of intraosseous lesions showed multilocular radiolucent images (55.55%). Regarding the histopathologic features, the biphasic population of fibroblastic and histiocytic cells was seen in 21 cases (39.62%), and a spindle-shaped fibroblastic cell population organized into a storiform pattern was observed in 25 cases (47.16%). CD68 (n = 26) and vimentin (n = 25) showed immunoreactivity in all BFH cases in which they were used. All cases were treated with a surgical resection, and 8.10% recurred. CONCLUSIONS: The current systematic review demonstrated that BFH represents a rare lesion that mainly affects the buccal mucosa of male individuals, and the treatment is mainly surgical with a good prognosis.

2.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333825

RESUMO

To integrate the available data published on malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNST) of the oral and maxillofacial region. Searches in Embase, PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus were conducted for the identification of case reports/case series in English language. The risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute tool. Outcomes were evaluated by Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier methods. A total of 306 articles were retrieved, 50 of which reporting 57 MPNST were included. The lesion showed a predilection for the mandible (n = 18/31.57%) of middle-aged adults (~40.5 years) with a male/female ratio of 1.1:1. The individuals were mostly symptomatic with a mean evolution time of 9.6 months. Surgical removal plus adjuvant therapy (especially radiotherapy) was the main approach (51.86%). Recurrence was reported in 39.62% of cases. Nodal and distant metastases were identified in 28.26% and 26.66% of cases, respectively. The 2-year cumulative survival rate was 55%. Independent predictors of poor survival were the presence of neurofibromatosis type 1 (p = 0.04) and distant metastases (p = 0.004). The diagnosis of MPNST is challenging due to the variety of its clinical and histopathological presentations. Local aggressiveness and the potential for metastases are common outcomes of this neoplasm.

3.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(8): 741-749, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present systematic review was to analyze the available data regarding acinic cell carcinoma of the oral and maxillofacial region. METHODS: A search strategy was performed using PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase electronic databases. RESULTS: Available data revealed a slight female preference (54.73%) and a mean age at diagnosis of 47.51 ± 19.85 years. The parotid glands (67.72%) were most frequently affected, and most cases were asymptomatic (69.54%). A microcystic histopathological pattern was reported in 21.56% of the cases, and the Periodic acid-Schiff was the staining method most frequently used, after the hematoxylin and eosin staining, in the tumors analyzed. The lesions were mainly treated by surgical removal (72.32%). Recurrence was reported in 81 cases (27.83%) and metastasis in 100 (42.91%). Statistical data analysis revealed that tumors located in major salivary glands and exhibiting high-grade histology were associated with local recurrence (P = .01). In addition, the patients older than 57 years, lesions with bone involvement, the high-grade tumors and the cases with a history of recurrence and metastasis were associated with a lower overall survival (P < .05). CONCLUSION: By assembling all eligible cases in the literature, the present systematic review determined the most common clinicopathological profile of acinic cell carcinoma and the most relevant prognostic factors in a distinctly representative sample. The survey demonstrated the importance of considering the histopathological grading in order to better define the treatment for each case.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Acinares , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Carcinoma de Células Acinares/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Glândula Parótida , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/cirurgia , Glândulas Salivares
4.
Oral Dis ; 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to incorporate the information published on metastatic lesions in the in the oral and maxillofacial region into a comprehensive analysis of their demographic, clinical, and imaginological features and survival rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was undertaken in the subsequent databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, and LILACS. All papers included were case reports or case series. Absolute and relative frequencies were obtained by descriptive analysis. Overall survival was defined by the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: This systematic review identified 217 studies from 33 countries, comprising 348 cases. Male individuals were more affected (n = 199/57.68%) in the 5th to 7th decades of life. The most usual primary site was the lung in men (n = 49/14.08%) and the breast in women (n = 40/11.49%). Jawbones were affected in 183 cases (53.19%), with the posterior mandible (n = 96/66.66%) representing the preferred site. In soft tissues, the gingiva (n = 80/23.25%) was more affected. Clinical presentation was a nodular mass with or without ulceration (n = 280/85.89%). Imaginological examinations revealed radiolucent/hypodense lesions (n = 115/59.28%). The mean survival time was eight months. CONCLUSION: Despite the rare occurrence of metastatic lesions in the oral and maxillofacial region, the current systematic review offers substantial data that could assist clinicians and surgeons.

5.
J Endod ; 46(4): 490-495, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061420

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze the features of lesions obtained from biopsies at the periapical area of teeth with a radiographic or clinical initial diagnosis of apical periodontitis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on biopsies obtained from 1953-2018 at 3 Brazilian oral and maxillofacial pathology centers. Cases of endodontic and nonendodontic periapical lesions (NPLs) with a clinical diagnosis of endodontic pathoses were retrieved. Data regarding patient age, sex, and anatomic location were obtained from patients' records. The frequency and percentage of cases with clinical diagnoses of a periapical cyst, periapical granuloma, or dentoalveolar abscess were recorded, and the final histopathologic diagnosis was documented. RESULTS: Among 66,179 oral biopsies, 7246 (10.94%) were clinically diagnosed as periapical disease, 306 (4.22%) of which were histopathologically diagnosed as NPLs. The most frequent NPLs were odontogenic keratocysts (n = 107, 34.96%) followed by dentigerous cysts (n = 48, 15.68%). The mean age at diagnosis was 39.68 years with a range of 6-80 years. A total of 159 (51.96%) cases occurred in females and 147 (48.03%) in males (female to male ratio = 1.08:1). Most lesions (137, 44.77%) were located in the posterior mandible. CONCLUSIONS: A wide variety of histopathologic diagnoses, including benign odontogenic and nonodontogenic cystic and tumorous lesions, infectious diseases, and malignant neoplasms, was reported in the present survey. The features presented in this study were consistent with previous findings reported in the literature.


Assuntos
Granuloma Periapical , Cisto Radicular , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Oral Dis ; 26(3): 711-715, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917876

RESUMO

We present the frequency of cases of isolated odontogenic keratocysts submitted to microscopic examination at 10 Brazilian referral centres in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. In a retrospective (1953-2017) analysis, data on clinicoradiographic features and treatment of these lesions were collected and analysed descriptively. Among the 258,867 cases retrieved, 2,497 (0.96%) were isolated odontogenic keratocysts. In summary, an overview of individuals affected with isolated odontogenic keratocysts is reported herein. This lesion showed predilection for the posterior mandible of young adult men.


Assuntos
Cistos Odontogênicos/patologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Brasil , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 65(4): 359-367, Oct.-Dec. 2017. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-896042

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Regenerative therapies have been widely developed in dentistry and it is important to incorporate dentists' knowledge of these new therapies into the dental clinic routine. This study reviewed the literature on regenerative therapies and clinical applications. Tissue engineering has contributed to changes in the paradigm of restorative health sciences. Its pillars underpin the techniques of tissue and organ regeneration. Despite the majority of studies in this field being in vitro, a range of preclinical studies and methodologies has been formed using these principles and they are already being used on humans. The use of platelet-rich plasma and platelet-rich fibrin in surgery as natural scaffolds for the reestablishment of bone and periodontal tissue are often reported in the literature and clinical trials using this approach have shown promising results. Stem cells from autologous dental pulp have been successfully applied in bone tissue regeneration using natural collagen scaffold in humans. In addition, revascularization of the root canal already appears in the literature as a promising alternative to apexification. The principle behind this therapy is the use of the blood clot as a scaffold and the migration of stem cells of the apical papilla to regenerate the dental pulp organ. Final considerations: Although still in the early stages, regenerative therapies can now be used in dental practice. Knowledge of the principles governing these therapies should be understood by the dentist for use in clinical practice.


RESUMO Terapias regenerativas vem sendo amplamente desenvolvidas na odontologia e o conhecimento destas novas terapias por parte dos dentistas é importante para que elas sejam incorporadas na rotina clínica odontológica. Assim, este estudo revisou a literatura acerca das terapias regenerativas e suas aplicações clínicas. A engenharia tecidual tem contribuído na mudança do paradigma restaurador das ciências da saúde. Seus pilares embasam as técnicas de regeneração de tecidos e órgãos. Apesar da grande maioria dos estudos neste campo ser in vitro, uma gama de metodologias pré-clínicas foi consolidada e estudos utilizando estes princípios já estão sendo empregados em humanos. A utilização de plasma rico em plaquetas e plasma rico em fibrina como scaffolds naturais em cirurgias para reestabelecimento de tecido ósseo e periodontal são frequentemente relatadas na literatura e ensaios clínicos utilizando esta abordagem demonstram resultados promissores. Células-tronco da polpa dental autólogas já foram aplicadas com sucesso na regeneração de tecido ósseo utilizando scaffold naturais de colágeno em humanos. Além disto, a revascularização do canal radicular já aparece na literatura como uma alternativa promissora frente a opção de apecificação do canal radicular. Esta terapia utiliza como princípio o coágulo sanguíneo como scaffold e a migração das células-tronco da papila apical para regenerar o órgão pulpar. Considerações finais: Apesar de incipientes, as terapias regenerativas já podem ser utilizadas na prática clínica odontológica. O conhecimento dos princípios que regem estas terapias deve ser compreendido pelo dentista para que sejam utilizadas na prática clínica.

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